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The Elements of Music

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					The Elements of Music
   Terms You Must Know
              What Is Music?
   Scientific Definition:
    “Sound organized in
    time.”
   Actual Definition: add
    “For the expression of
    thoughts, ideas and
    emotions” to above
   Music is special because
    it affects people without
    requiring participation
                 Why Music?
   “The Mozart Effect”:
    A 1993 study showed
    that student test scores
    improved after
    listening to Mozart
   Retailers use music to
    put shoppers in a better
    mood so that they will
    spend more
   Relieves stress,
    reduces pain, helps
    growth
        The Elements of Music
   These are the basic
    parts of music that can
    be heard
   They are used in all
    forms of music across
    all points in history and
    across all cultures
   These are the most
    basic things to be heard
                    Rhythm
   This is the way the beat
    is broken down
   The center of rhythm is
    the beat or pulse
   The way the pulse is
    grouped is called the
    meter
   When the pulse is
    subdivided, rhythm is
    created
                    Melody
   This is the main line
    of music
   It is the part that is
    sung in pop songs
   It moves up and down
    by pitch
   It can move by steps,
    skips or leaps
   This is the horizontal
    placement of pitch
                   Harmony
   This is how sounds are
    blended together
   They can be consonant
    (sound good-blend)
   They can be dissonant
    (sound bad-clash)
   These are the chords
   The way music is put
    together vertically
                       Form
   This is the structure of
    a piece
   Traditional forms are
    binary (AB) and
    ternary (ABA)
   The verse, chorus form
    used in pop songs is
    binary
   Other forms are round,
    theme & variation,
    sonata
                 Dynamics
   This is the volume of
    music
   Terms are Italian
   Fortissimo-Very Loud
   Forte-Loud
   Mezzo Forte-Med. Loud
   Mezzo Piano-Med. Soft
   Piano-Soft
   Pianissimo-Very Soft
                     Tempo
   This is the speed of the
    pulse
   Terms are Italian
   Presto-Fast
   Andante-Medium
   Largo-Slow
   Some music can give
    different feels based on
    tempo
            Timbre/Tone Color
   This is the unique
    sound that each
    instrument makes
   Just like each of your
    friends’ voices sound
    different, so do
    instruments
   Differences can be
    great or very detailed
                      Style
   The overall
    characteristics of sound
    in a piece
   Musical style is more
    diverse today than in
    any other time in
    history
   Style is influences by
    time, culture and
    technology

				
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posted:3/6/2013
language:English
pages:12