"Annex 1 Action Fiche for occupied Palestinian territory_ Israel "
Annex 1: Action Fiche for occupied Palestinian territory, Israel, Jordan 1. IDENTIFICATION Title/Number Middle East Peace Projects (MEPP) – EU Partnership for Peace programme 2011 (PfPP) (CRIS number 22875) Total cost EU contribution: EUR 10 million (EUR 5 million in 2011 + EUR 5 million in 2012) Aid method / Project approach – Centralised management and devolved to Method of EU Representation Office in East Jerusalem, EU Delegations implementation in Israel and Jordan DAC-code 15220 Sector Civil society activities 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context The relations between the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Israel and the Middle East peace process as a whole are again at a stalemate following the modest optimism which the US-mediated peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority - resumed under the form of indirect talks in mid 2010 - engendered. The indirect talks were upgraded to direct talks in September 2010 but came to yet another impasse soon afterwards, following the end of the 10-month partial settlement moratorium in the West Bank, which the Israeli government has not renewed. Construction has since resumed in West Bank settlements. The Israeli government has reiterated its position in November 2010 that there will never be a freeze of Israeli construction in East Jerusalem. President Mahmoud Abbas has insisted on the refusal to return to negotiations unless Israel halts settlement construction, claiming Jerusalem as the capital of the future Palestinian state and recalling Palestinian refugees’ right to return. The PA has also urged the international community to recognise a Palestinian state. International efforts, led by the US, have failed to find a way to re-launch direct negotiations including through an additional partial freeze on West Bank settlement construction. The internal Palestinian political situation continues to be marked by the state of division between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. There is no tangible progress to bring about national reconciliation and Egypt's draft agreement of October 2009 cannot therefore be implemented. The divide continues to have direct consequences on state-building in occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). Presidential and legislative elections cannot take place as due. The mandate of the President and the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) are extended for an undefined period, in line with a Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) leadership decision. The PLC activities continue though to be effectively frozen. More generally, public institutions (ministries, security, judiciary etc) in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank continue to develop separately, despite recent positive signs in the field of social protection. EN EN The Israeli coalition government has remained stable throughout 2010, with only minor fluctuations in the approval ratings of most coalition partners. The only party that has suffered a significant loss in public support is Labour. While the coalition appears stable, there are clear areas of tension, including over the issue of a freeze in settlement construction. On the domestic legislative front, a number of controversial bills have made progress which can restrict civil society in Israel. The divide between religious and secular Jews has gained in prominence. In its international relations, Prime Minister Netanyahu has voiced ever-increasing concern at the Iranian nuclear threat. Due to its geopolitical position, history and its population mix, Jordan is inevitably implicated in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and considers itself as stakeholder to many final status issues (security, refugees, water, status of Jerusalem). Although Jordanian officials from the King down never tire of underlining that there is no Jordanian solution to the Palestinian question, any Palestinian state created through negotiations with Israel would also depend on close relations with Jordan. More than half of Jordanian population is of Palestinian origin. The rest are from Bedouin tribes and fear that a "Jordanian solution" will mean the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank to Jordan, throwing out the demographic balance and ending their domination. The King of Jordan has repeatedly warned against a resumption of violence in the Middle East should the stalemate in peace talks continue. Polls show that popular support for the two-state solution remains rather high amongst both Israelis and Palestinians. On the Palestinian side civil society constituencies which work actively for peace are almost wholly donor driven and financed (though no less sincere for all that). On the Israeli side, the traditional peace movement is beleaguered and perceived as marginal by mainstream Israeli society. The Israeli public remains largely disinterested in the peace process, caring far more about economic and other domestic issues. Grassroots contacts between Israelis and Palestinians are dwindling, and it is now rare that ordinary Palestinians and Israelis meet. The two-state solution is in danger. In this context, there is an unsurprising resurgence of those seeking other solutions. Extremist voices on both sides are growing louder. Others call for peaceful radical alternatives to a negotiated settlement, whether through the unilateral creation of a Palestinian State or through putting a one-state solution on the agenda. At the regional level, the Arab Peace Initiative remains the principal option for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict and normalisation of relations between Israel and the Arab neighbours; however, though the Initiative has been welcomed anew by the international community including the EU and the US, Israel's response has been lukewarm. 2.2. Lessons learnt In the absence of a dynamic peace process and the deepening internal divides on both sides peace building activities are confronted with increased scepticism in the whole region. In order to adapt to the deterioration of the situation, the programme will continue to support "national" projects in addition to the cross border projects. Internal divisions should be addressed as well as segments of the population who EN EN support peace but have lost hope. In this context, political leaders and opinion formers need to be targeted in order to renew and keep alive the ideas and visionary leadership which could result in a peace deal. Activities aiming at revitalising the dialogue, exposing them to studies and international experiences will also be supported by the programme. Analyse of results of previous EU Partnership for Peace programmes have been conducted both externally and in house, and were used as a basis to define the priorities for the past Call for Proposals. The last external evaluation of the programme was conducted from April to September 2009. The evaluation highlighted some important features of the programme which makes it highly relevant to building peace in the region. Meanwhile, it recommended a number of both strategic and logistical adjustments that could enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the effort. In order to address these recommendations the Call for Proposals 2011 will reinforce, in continuity with 2010 call, the following approaches: (1) Connect peace building and education for peace with tangible results likely to impact people everyday's life; (2) Promoting conflict transformation and nonviolent resistance among marginalised groups and new constituencies as alternatives to passive acceptance of the conflict or of armed struggle against it. (3) Opening the political space for political discussion among conflicting parties and support national and intergovernmental leadership to foster the peace process; (4) Develop communication strategies to reinforce the image and effectiveness of the programme and for building capacity of the civil society organisations. 2.3. Complementary actions The European Council of December 2009 called for the urgent resumption of negotiations that lead, within an agreed time-frame, to a two-state solution with an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable State of Palestine, living side by side in peace and security with Israel. It recalled that the European Union would not recognise any changes to the pre-1967 borders including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties. The involvement of the European Union in the Middle East peace process is driven by the basic principles and objectives of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The relationship between the European Union and its Mediterranean Partner Countries aims at “turning the Mediterranean basin into an area of dialogue, exchange and co-operation guaranteeing peace, stability and prosperity” through “strengthening of democracy and respect for human rights, sustainable and balanced economic and social development, measures to combat poverty and promotion of greater understanding between cultures, which are all essential aspects of partnership EN EN (…).”1 Such a partnership in the Mediterranean area is concretely implemented through the ENP and the relevant Action Plans, offering the countries covered an increasingly close relationship with the EU, and aiming to prevent the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and its neighbours. The Middle East Peace Projects – Partnership for Peace is therefore situated in the context of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) Regional Strategy 2007-2013 and ENPI Regional Indicative Programme 2011-2013. Complementarities will be sought with the Instrument for Stability (IfS), more specifically with the Peace-Building Partnerships programme, recently set up within the IfS. The scope of IfS is very wide since it is one of the EU tools which provides for rapid responses in contexts of crisis and emerging crisis. Contrary to the PfP, the IfS has global reach and is deployed worldwide. Conversely, PfP has a definite objective of promoting and supporting the Middle East Peace Process. Complementarities will be drawn from the respective added value of the two programmes mainly in the area of mere political dimension. Since IfS is quite flexible, it will be available to respond and accompany any possible political development at short notice when no other EU instrument is available, while the PfP programme priorities and award decisions are fixed once a year within the scope of the annual Call for Proposals. Moreover, PfP is the unique instrument that can be geared in line with the local context and promote coordination within the peace building sector in the region. For these reasons, any IfS proposals in the Middle East will be checked for complementarities with actions and priorities under the PfP. IfS beneficiaries will be invited to networking and other relevant events organised in the peace building sector. PfP programme will also take into account and seek complementarities with bilateral and regional actions under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights. Finally, PfP programme will be coherent with the comprehensive approach to the EU implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820 on Women, Peace and Security encouraging applicants to mainstreaming gender in their proposals thus ensuring full involvement of women in the search for peace. 2.4. Donor coordination Donors respective strategies and involvement in peace building actions are quite fragmented. In the past, though attempts were made at donor co-ordination, there were no tangible results. It is expected that such co-ordination will be promoted more firmly during the current project phase where a mapping of the donors' policies and programmes in peace-building area will be carried out in oPt, Israel and Jordan. The objective of this mapping is twofold: on the one hand, it will help to get a first contact with the donors involved in peace-building in the region with a view to creating a platform for coordination; on the other hand, it will be disseminated among civil society organisations in order for them to increase their capacities to leverage funds. In addition, as in the past, the EU will continue inviting the donors to some of the events targeting PfP beneficiary and non beneficiary organisations. 1 From the ‘Barcelona Declaration’, see http://www.eeas.europa.eu/euromed/barcelona_en.htm EN EN 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives The overall objective of the EU Partnership for Peace Programme is to help support the conditions for re-launching the peace process and provide a solid foundation at civil society and intergovernmental level for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East by strengthening and increasing direct civil society relationships and inter- agency/inter-governmental co-operation based on equality and reciprocity between Palestinians and Israelis, including the Arab / Palestinian minority in Israel. To this end, initiatives under this programme can be undertaken by each country or jointly within and between Mediterranean Partner Countries2 or EU Member States or countries that are beneficiaries of Pre-Accession Assistance3 or Member States of the EEA4. The specific objective is to strengthen civil society peace building actions and conflict transformation, focusing on initiatives which are likely to have an impact on people’s everyday lives. In particular, the programme intends to support practical actions aiming at rebuilding mutual trust through reconciliation, building capacity for non violent approaches to conflict resolution, empowering marginalized parties and launching joint development policies and strategies. 3.2. Expected results and main activities Expected results would include: (1) Confidence in the peace process is restored amongst key constituencies. (2) Marginalised parties are empowered and new constituencies persuaded to adopt non violent approaches to conflict resolution. (3) Shared development of policies and strategies is renewed and awareness about existing and possible new peace solutions is raised. (4) Commitment to the peace process is strengthened by leaders/decision makers; for example through broadening support for particular initiatives. (5) The capacities of civil society organisations implicated in the process (including community based organisations) are improved. (6) The outcomes of the PfP projects are disseminated widely and the image of the programme is reinforced. Results 1 to 4 will be achieved through support for projects under a Call for Proposals. Expected results 5 and 6 will be achieved via service contracts, managed by the EU, which provide training, conferences, networking, communication and media capacity building for NGOs. These services will be funded under the current 2 Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, and West Bank & Gaza. 3 Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. 4 Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and EU-27. EN EN MEPP 2010 (component 2) and will be carried out along two years starting in early 2011. The following priorities will be considered for the Call for Proposals: (1) Cross community co-operation: Joint concrete actions for socio-economic development For 2011, the programme will maintain its support to practical actions responding to local concrete needs (such as environment, health, municipality issues, community development, technical disputes or the like) likely to produce tangible results in terms of development, quality of life and co-operation between conflicting communities. (2) Peace building education, communication and empowerment The actions under this priority could include conflict management work such as capacity building for non violent approaches to conflict resolution, expose the target groups to both their own and the other narratives as well as to their respective rights; peace building educational activities; educational programmes designed to introduce long term changes in attitudes, stereotypes, prejudices and to increase tolerance and understanding both within each of the societies and of the other side; lessons learnt from other conflicts in the world. (3) Awareness raising of leaders and opinion-formers, public opinion and media Actions under this priority will explore political options in the framework of the two state solution, as agreed upon by all involved parties, as well as put into operation the existing visions of a future peaceful relationship between Israel and its Arab neighbours, through increasing knowledge and awareness of possible solutions to the conflict based on justice and rights. These actions are intended to support leaders and opinion formers to work toward the resolution of the conflict. All actions, regardless of the priority, must be implemented mainly in the occupied Palestinian territory and/or Israel and/or Jordan. Specific activities, within the scope of the action and for its benefit, can be implemented also in Mediterranean Partner Countries5 or EU Member States or countries that are beneficiaries of Pre-Accession Assistance6 or Member States of the EEA7. Target groups: Pioneer projects, targeting 'veto' and 'blocking' groups (those communities considered hostile to the peace process) will be welcomed. Projects aiming at expanding the constituencies through the involvement of marginalised groups such as youth, women and children and/or targeting sceptical or not committed groups are encouraged. Projects involving local communities as a whole, thus producing a multilevel and long term impact, will be particularly encouraged. 5 Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, and West Bank & Gaza. 6 Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. 7 Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and EU-27. EN EN Working through media for increasing awareness or targeting media for changing attitudes and stereotypes will be welcomed as well. 3.3. Risks and assumptions As previous experience shows, there is a high risk of disruption of activities linked to the instability of the political situation. A political crisis, similarly to what happened in December 2008/January 2009 due to the war on Gaza, is likely to provoke a freezing of the activities and a temporary suspension of the peace non-governmental organisations (NGOs) engagement. In this case and depending on the moment when it might occurred during the calls for proposals/implementation process, the following options will be considered: to stand-by the launch of the call for proposals; to delay the evaluation process; freeze the actions implementation and grant a time extension to the contracts. These measures should allow the civil society to get back to action once the situation is calmed down and the first astonishment is overcome. A deterioration of the situation in terms of movement and access could lead to delays in the implementation of the projects. It could also affect the monitoring of the activities. Increased political tensions could jeopardise the willingness/ability of the stakeholders to carry on the project, or even to apply in the first place. Visibility could also be affected due to security reasons. In these cases, as learned in previous experience, it is suitable to delay some activities and/or adopt a low profile approach. In addition, each proposal submitted under the call for proposals will need to assess the risks and propose mitigation measures 3.4. Crosscutting Issues Cross-cutting issues, such as environmental sustainability, gender equality, good governance and human rights, are taken into due consideration in the context of the programme. In the context of the 2010 programme component 2, special trainings on integration of environment issue and gender mainstreaming will be delivered to grant Beneficiaries. These trainings will be also an opportunity for EU staff to increase knowledge and skill on those issues so as EU staff will be enabled to follow up more competently in the future. 3.5. Stakeholders The main stakeholders of the programme are civil society organisations, including Community Based Organisations (CBOs), and leaders and opinion-formers in the region as well as their European partners. In the last years, several consultation seminars with stakeholders have been undertaken, specifically in December 2007 and February 2009, as well as in September 2009 in the context of the external evaluation of the programme, in addition to the regular contact between the EU local services and the grant Beneficiaries for the managing of their respective contracts and project monitoring. Among the main outcomes of these meetings it is worth highlighting that there is no symbiotic relation between the political peace process and civil society. However, the work of civil society is extremely important for contributing to building a sustainable peace. Working on common interests can maximize prospects for sustainability, and objectives need to be gradual and realistically achievable. EN EN Moreover, as recommended also by the external evaluation, the work of peace NGOs has to meet the very basic needs of the targeted local communities and ensure their mode of operation is relevant, thus ensuring higher impact and sustainability of the actions. In addition, given the existing internal political divisions which create barriers to the peace process, a broad range of communities and actors need to be targeted, and sometimes actions in only one country will be more sustainable. For this reason, PfP, notwithstanding its specific peace-building overall objective, it is not restricted to peace NGOs, but is open to all kind of civil society organisations which are able, through their action, to connect peace building with tangible results that change lives and create long-term impact and consolidation. In this regard, the involvement of the communities as a whole is key to ensure that the civil society organisations agenda is relevant to the targeted communities. NGOs consulted in the above mentioned meetings went also further ahead proposing that, where possible, special attention could be paid to those communities opposed to the peace process (commonly called 'veto' or 'blocking' communities). Local Authorities have a significant task in socio-economic development and community representation. They have an important role in ensuring social cohesion among their constituents and are therefore among the potential stakeholders of the programme. The final beneficiaries are the peoples of the Middle East and the Mediterranean Partner Countries. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Method of implementation Direct centralised management devolved to EU Technical Assistance Office (EUTAO) in East Jerusalem (name of EU Delegations in non sovereign territories) and the EU Delegations in Israel and Jordan. The distribution between the different Delegations in terms of Project Management is made on the grounds of the nationality of the applicant. As a general principle, Palestinian and European applicants are processed by the EUTAO whereas Israeli ones are processed by the EU Delegation in Tel Aviv. Projects which have mainly activities in Jordan or Jordanian applicants are managed by the EU Delegation in Amman. The call for proposal shall be launched by EUTAO in East Jerusalem. Delegation services will work jointly for the preparation and evaluation of the Call for Proposals and organisation of training and communications events. They will also attend events, meetings and monitoring visits together when relevant and keep each other regularly informed on the projects progress. 4.2. Procurement and grant award procedures 1) Contracts EN EN All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. Participation in the award of contracts for the present action shall be open to all natural and legal persons covered by the ENPI Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Union. 2) Specific rules for grants Grants will be awarded to actions targeting local constituencies in the area of peace education, media, and joint concrete actions for socio economic development (priorities 1 and 2). A dedicated amount (minimum 25% of the total amount of the Call for Proposals) will be allocated to actions focusing on political issues, researches, studies, etc. to promote dialogue and awareness at the political level both in Europe and in the Middle East (priority 3). The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EU external actions. They are established in accordance with the principles set out in Title VI 'Grants' of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget. When derogations to these principles are applied, they shall be justified, in particular in the following cases: – Financing in full (derogation to the principle of co-financing): the maximum possible rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing may only be applied in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Commission Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2342/2002 of 23 December 2002 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Union. – Derogation to the principle of non-retroactivity: a grant may be awarded for an action which has already begun only if the applicant can demonstrate the need to start the action before the grant is awarded, in accordance with Article 112 of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Union. 4.3. Indicative budget and calendar The total indicative financial contribution of the European Union to the programme is of EUR 10 million. EUR 5 million will be committed in 2011 and a further EUR 5 million in 2012, subject to funds availability. A Call for Proposals for an amount of EUR 5 million will be launched in the second semester of 2011. Another Call for Proposals is expected to be organised by the end of 2012. 4.4. Performance monitoring Performance monitoring, in order to measure progress of projects implementation, will be ensured by the European Commission (through e.g. the EU Representative Office in East Jerusalem, EU Delegations in Israel and Jordan, as well as EU EN EN Delegations in relevant ENPI countries). A number of actions under PfP will be included also in the annual results oriented monitoring (ROM) exercise. Objectively Verifiable Indicators have been set (see Logical Framework here attached) for the whole programme. Applicants will be requested to thoroughly identity Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI) for their respective action. A series of training courses in Project Cycle Management (PCM), Logical Framework, and Monitoring & Evaluation held in the current MEPP 2010-component 2 will provide potential applicants and new Beneficiaries with the necessary knowledge and practise for improving the quality of their log-frame and therefore efficiently implementing their actions. 4.5. Evaluation and audit Final external evaluations of each project are encouraged and the relevant cost must be included in the project's budget. EU staff will facilitate the dissemination of these reports, upon authorisation of the grant Beneficiaries, so as to favour exchange of best practises. An external evaluation of the whole programme is envisaged in 2012. This evaluation will be financed on another source other than the budget of the project. Although not mandatory, Beneficiaries will be encouraged to submit a certification of expenditure in support of every request for payment. The relevant cost must be included in the project's budget. This point will be duly highlighted in the Guidelines for Applicants in order for them to include it in the proposed budget. Some PfPP projects will be included in the Annual Audit exercise, if deemed necessary. 4.6. Communication and visibility Communication and visibility of the whole programme is expected to be increased through the services provided by a specialised company in the context of the current MEPP 2010-component 2. A dedicated link to PfP has been already created in each web site of the three delegations in charge of the programme where a brief presentation of the programme, including the list of the awarded grant, is uploaded. The three EU Delegations will take due care to always communicate identical messages and provide identical information. EU visibility guidelines are to be respected by all Beneficiaries. Services on the ground will check the visibility component of the actions through field visits and will increase public visibility of the actions when possible. Is it worth mentioning, however, that given the sensitiveness of this programme, grant Beneficiaries are not always keen to disclose information on their activities and on the participating people. Visibility issue will be then treated with the utmost care. EN EN Annex 2: Action Fiche for Mediterranean region 1. IDENTIFICATION Title Support to the FEMIP (2011) (CRIS number 23042) Total cost EU contribution: EUR 32 million Aid method / Project approach – centralised indirect management Management mode DAC-code 32130 Sector SME Development Preliminary Remark This Decision concerns the 2011 contribution to the FEMIP which is needed to cover the pipeline of operations in 2011-12. Apart from this, nothing is new in this Financing Decision as compared to the 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 contributions. This Action Fiche does not repeat general elements of the 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 Decisions (EUR 32 million each: C(2007)5134, C(2008)3637, C(2009)3540 and C(2010)5136/3) regarding EU budget support for the FEMIP, as they remain valid. Only updates on programme implementation are presented hereunder. 2. RATIONALE Background information The overall objective of the Facility for Euro-Mediterranean Investment and Partnership (FEMIP) is to promote sustainable economic growth in the region through investments in infrastructure and especially in private sector development. The "Support to the FEMIP" finances both technical assistance and risk capital operations. The objective of risk capital operations is to provide capital to the private sector of Mediterranean partner countries on terms that are not available locally. Risk capital will be invested directly or indirectly in order to (i) support the private sector, i.e. enable the creation, restructuring or growth of enterprises (ii) strengthen the role of the local financial sector by supporting the creation of new institutions or the establishment of new activities for the benefit of the private sector. Technical assistance will be mobilised to strengthen FEMIP operations in the Mediterranean region, with a special focus on private sector development. "Support to the FEMIP" risk-capital portfolio includes more than 500 operations (co- investments, direct operations, investment funds). The European Investment Bank (EIB) has committed EUR 182 million under MEDA II (2000-2006) and so far EUR 105 million under the ENPI (2007-2009) for risk capital operations. As regards technical assistance (TA), by end of 2010, 74 technical assistance operations amounting to EUR 34.2 million were completed, 29 TA operations EN 10 EN amounting to EUR 59.7 million were ongoing and 1 TA operations amounting to EUR 0.2 million were approved under the FEMIP Support Fund. The resources under the FEMIP Support Fund being now exhausted, EUR 13 million have been reserved under the 2010 "Support to FEMIP" funds for TA. By the end of 2010, 2 TA operations amounting to EUR 4.1 million were ongoing, 4 TA operations amounting to EUR 7.8 million were approved and 3 TA operations amounting to EUR 3.3 million were initiated by EIB services in close collaboration with project promoters. The European Union allocates a budget of EUR 32 million to the EIB for the year 2011. This amount will be paid to the EIB in two pre-financing tranches: one for risk-capital operations, one for technical assistance. The distribution of funds between risk capital and technical assistance will be decided jointly by the EIB and the Commission, based on needs and relevance of proposals. 3. DESCRIPTION There are no changes regarding objectives, expected results and indicators for the 2011 commitment in reference those stated under "Support for FEMIP" Decisions C(2007)5134, C(2008)3637, C(2009)3540 and C(2010)5136/3. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES There are no changes regarding implementation issues for the 2011 commitment in reference those stated under "Support for FEMIP" Decisions C(2007)5134, C(2008)3637, C(2009)3540 and C(2010)5136/3. EN 11 EN Annex 3: Action Fiche for the ENPI South Regional Programme 1. IDENTIFICATION Title/Number EUMEDRegNet II (CRIS number 23028) Total cost EUR 9.59 million out of which the EU contribution is EUR 3.79 million It is foreseen that the beneficiary institutions – Southern Mediterranean National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) - will jointly finance around 64.4% of the total cost of the EUMEDCONNECT3 project for which EUR 3. 2 million is allocated from the EU funds Aid method / Centralised management, managed by the EU Delegation to Method of Egypt implementation DAC-code 22040 Sector ICT 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context Information Society is among the priorities of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Action Plan of each partner country and it has been singled out in the Regional Indicative Programme (2011-2013) under “Supporting the Information Society” as area of intervention with an earmarked budget. Co-operation in the field of Information Society has been declared essential in order to contribute to sustainability of economic and social development in the Euro- Mediterranean region. The 2005 Dundalk EuroMed Ministerial Conference on Information Society adopted a series of recommendations in order to promote sector reform and development of the Euro-Mediterranean Information Society. These recommendations were followed up by the Cairo EuroMed Ministerial Conference on Information Society in 2008 where a new chapter on Information Society was introduced. Later in 2008, ministers attending the Marseilles Union for the Mediterranean Conference stressed the fundamental need to ensure an interconnection of research networks in order to support, inter alia, the creation of grid-enabled scientific e- infrastructures. These infrastructures make Information and Communication Technology (ICT) research and development co-operation between Europe and the Southern Mediterranean countries more efficient. Ministers recognised the fundamental role that the EUMEDCONNECT network plays in interconnecting the National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) in the region and with European counterparts via the GEANT pan-European research network, thus enabling collaboration of high scientific, educational and societal impact in multiple domains. Moreover, Ministers considered it essential to guarantee the initiative's sustainability and promotion. EN 12 EN Scientific research and education have become key elements and significant resources for economic development, technological innovation and knowledge creation also in the Southern Mediterranean region. The practice of scientific research is changing dramatically. Researchers working in isolation no longer contribute to technological innovations or social development. It is only through multidisciplinary collaborations among research centres, industry and public entities, which are often geographically dispersed, possible that knowledge, innovation, and know-how are facilitated. ICT technologies have played a major role in making such collaboration possible. Today’s research imposes new requirements not only in the way it is being conducted, but also in the computational aspects. Therefore, it has become essential to maintain the dedicated EUMEDCONNECT network so as to continue to not only connect research and education institutions but also keep them linked to a globalized world. To ensure future sustainability and network ownership by the Southern Mediterranean countries, the Arab States Research and Education Network (ASREN) was created in 2010 under the umbrella of the League of Arab States. It is planned that ASREN will play an important role in the EUMEDCONNECT project, while building its own capabilities, and take over the task of managing this network once EU funding runs out in 2014. Meanwhile, in the electronic communications sector, regulatory reform and harmonisation has taken place through the New Approaches to Telecommunications Policy (NATP) projects funded by the European Commission since 2001. These efforts have identified clear co-operation benefits among regulatory authorities in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Thus, in 2008, following the ideals and principles of the Euro-Mediterranean co- operation set out in the Barcelona Declaration and further elaborated in the above mentioned Cairo EuroMed Ministerial Conference on Information Society, electronic communications regulatory authorities in the Euro-Mediterranean region joined forces to strengthen their co-operation and set up a network that aims to facilitate experience sharing and the organisation of neighbourly co-operation: the Euro- Mediterranean electronic communications Regulators Group (EMERG). This network is up and running efficiently, but further moderate funding is envisaged by the EU in fully exploiting the benefits of this co-operation. In addition to the above, recently, various areas if the Digital Agenda for Europe have been receiving a great deal of attention at international level, resulting in demand for closer co-operation between the EU and the Southern Mediterranean countries. Particularly two areas need to be underlined: e-health and trust in e- business transactions. 2.2. Lessons learnt The ongoing European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)° South Information Society regional programme EUMEDRegNet (including EUMEDCONNECT2 and New Approaches to Telecommunication Policy (NATP) 3 EN 13 EN projects), is constantly being monitored by its Task Manager and a Results Oriented Monitoring (ROM) mission took place in 2009. The lessons learnt are the following: – The programme is highly relevant. The programme management is efficient and effective and impact prospects are high although they need to be better documented. – While there is a very strong ownership both at user and government levels, financial and institutional sustainability remains a challenge. – Sustainability is addressed in the project, but more efforts are needed. – Evaluation of the impact of project outputs should be integrated from the very beginning. From previous analysis the EU also learned that: – Building awareness and connecting and articulating national and regional initiatives in the same areas could be improved. – Some degree of implementation flexibility and timely reactions to changes of the environment and the stakeholders’ needs are important success factors, in particular in the ICT field. 2.3. Complementary actions This programme is designed to build on past and current EU programmes and projects in the field of Information Society in the region, namely the EUMEDCONNECT2 and NATP3 projects. It will provide e-infrastructures to ongoing Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and future Framework Programme (FP8)) projects in the region. The proposed programme will also focus on promoting a coordinated approach of the national projects (as per the National Indicative Programmes) in all the related fields (research networks and electronic communication regulation). 2.4. Donor coordination During the EUMEDCONNECT programmes to date the European Commission has been the only donor active in the Euro-Mediterranean region in this field. But there are some other donors becoming active in the Euro-Mediterranean region: in particular, during the last year a high speed link connecting the Egyptian NREN to Europe was donated by Tata Communications. Recently Egypt has been, also connected to the Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development (GLORIAD) project, an international network supported by the US National Science Foundation since 2003 which has connected the scientific communities of the US, Russia and China and is now interested in connecting additional countries. GLORIAD has no plans to substitute for the support proposed by EUMEDCONNECT3, but potential synergies with these activities will be sought during the EUMEDCONNECT3. EN 14 EN At a bilateral level, there are a few ongoing co-operation projects, financed by the EU or Member States, in the electronic communication field: e.g.: twinnings with National Telecom Authorities (NTAs) in Egypt and Jordan. EU Members States have been briefed on this regional project during the formulation phase. 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives The overall objective of this programme is to support and further improve the Information Society co-operation between the EU and the Southern Mediterranean countries and build on the achievements of the 2 ongoing regional projects in the field: EUMEDCONNECT 2 and NATP 3. Its specific objectives are following: – Component 1 – main component: ensure long-term sustainability of the research networking e-infrastructure between the EU and ENPI South counties in order to maximise the synergies of bilateral and regional research and education projects; – Component 2: moderately facilitate the continued development of a harmonized and investment friendly environment in the ENPI South region's electronic communications sector via support to EMERG. At the same time the programme should help to identify what are the regulatory challenges for the Mediterranean region in the field of electronic communications in the light of the strategic initiative of the European Commission, Digital Agenda Europe (DAE) launched in 2010; – Component 3: strengthen co-operation in some specific applications of information society technologies, namely e-health, and trust in e-business transactions. 3.2. Expected results and main activities 3.2.1. Component 1: Maintaining connectivity between the shores of the Mediterranean requires an increased share of national funding from the Southern counties and a rationalisation of use. In the short term, connectivity will still be co-supported by the EU. This will be the last extension of EUMEDCONNECT projects with EU funds and will provide enough time for a regional self-sustained and self-managed organization - ASREN - to provide the data networking e-infrastructure between the EU and the ENPI South countries. To ensure the above, the following results are expected from this programme: – The network is in place providing comparable or faster connectivity and networking services than in the previous phase, with ASREN partially involved in its management. EN 15 EN – Documented usage, research impacts and benefits enable the Mediterranean member countries of ASREN to successfully lobby for national government and possibly other donor funding. – ASREN's capacity is enhanced to self manage the EUMEDCONNECT network infrastructure and services and sustain interconnection with GEANT. – ASREN taking full charge of the network. In order to reach the above results, the following activities are planned: – Set-up up operational procedures for the EUMECONNECT3 network together with ASREN, migrate network and manage jointly day to day operations; – Conduct a regional interconnectivity feasibility study in order to further rationalise bandwidth use, seek a self-sufficient regional-centric network with connections to GEANT, and with the assistance of the League of Arab States explore the scope for collaboration with other countries in the region; – Support the National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) one by one to redirect and further rationalise national network traffic; – Support specific actions for financial sustainability in coordination with ASREN, monitoring commitment at government level, and lobbying and coordinating the relevant political actors and potential donors; – Prepare case studies on network usage and research the impact and benefit on national development; – Advocate and convince decision makers to increase support to cover all network operation costs; – Build capacity and conduct trainings in the Mediterranean member countries of ASREN to prepare for takeover; – Finalise, approve and execute a strategic plan for ASREN to take over the management of the network; – Transfer of the network from its current management to ASREN. 3.2.2. Component 2: Related to facilitating the work of EMERG the programme is expected to achieve the following results: – A more harmonized regulatory framework and investment friendly environment in the region's electronic communications sector; – EMERG is self sustainable and strengthened as the main platform of discussion in the region for electronic communications regulation; EN 16 EN – The regulatory challenges of the region are identified and addressed in the field of the infrastructures of electronic communications and for the deployment of ICT services. In order to reach the above results, the following activities are planned: – Technical Assistance support to EMERG via finalisation of work plans, execution of benchmarking studies and organising workshops; – Assistance to Southern Mediterranean member countries of EMERG lagging behind. 3.2.3. Component 3: Related to facilitating the work of EMERG the programme is expected to achieve the following results: – Awareness is increased in the region of the importance of developing integrated and interoperable eHealth solutions and increased deployment of relevant tools; – Data and information on eHealth use and is more widely available in the Southern Mediterranean countries; – A long-term strategy in the field of eHealth in the Mediterranean region is formulated; – Assessment of the feasibility of the cross-border interoperability for trust in e- business transactions is finalised; – Common business needs for cross-border transactions and local resources to secure transactions are identified. In order to reach the above results, the following activities are planned: – Organisation of seminars on the various areas of e-Health and trust in e-business transactions which will yield position papers; – Execution of a fact finding study on the use of eHealth applications in Southern Mediterranean countries. 3.3. Risks and assumptions The most important risks are: – Lack of political support that could lead to a lack of financial resources commitment in the longer term and thus potentially failure. The success of EUMEDCONNECT to date, the moves to establish ASREN under the auspices of the League of Arab States, and the continued commitment of the European Commission by supporting EUMEDCONNECT3 together provide a good basis for a successful outcome of the programme. EN 17 EN – Lack of interoperability between the existing eHealth platforms and national initiatives in the region for trust in e-business transactions. A slightly less important risk is: – Lack of (progressively assumed) partner ownership which could be managed with Technical Assistance. In order to tackle these risks, the programme prioritises activities that target gaining high level political support and strengthen partner capacity. To ensure ownership and political support the programme responds to stakeholders’ needs, articulated via various assessments and evaluations. Another encouraging fact is that ASREN and EMERG (the institutions which are there to ensure sustainability) are already functioning, although currently with EU assistance. The intervention design includes strategies to ensure financial sustainability through strengthening active lobbying capacity for political support. Finally, another high risk inherent to the region is related to potential social and political conflicts. 3.4. Crosscutting Issues The programme relates to the EU cross-cutting issues of good governance that will be indirectly addressed thanks to promoting an enhanced political dialogue, co- operation among researchers and the academic community and better public services through e-government. It will empower populations at large with better access and use of ICT tools. 3.5. Stakeholders Key stakeholders and target groups (direct beneficiaries) of this intervention include: – National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) of Southern Mediterranean countries and the current EUMEDCONNECT partners in the EU; – Researchers and educationalists, both across the southern Mediterranean and Europe; – Science and Research support organisations in the region; – National Regulatory Authorities for electronic communications participating in the Euro-Mediterranean electronic communications Regulators Group (EMERG); – Ministries for Health; Ministries responsible for ICT, and innovation of Mediterranean partner countries; – Operators and providers of eHealth solutions; – Ministries in charge of electronic signature and identification policies in Southern Mediterranean countries; EN 18 EN – Chambers of commerce and trade associations in the region. Indirect beneficiaries include many stakeholder categories such as public and private institutions active in research, technology firms, ICT service providers and all kinds of ICT services and ICT-enabled services users. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Method of implementation Direct centralised management. 4.2. Procurement and grant award procedures All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. Participation in the award of contracts for the present action shall be open to all natural and legal persons covered by the ENPI Regulation. Further extensions of this participation to other natural or legal persons by the concerned authorising officer shall be subject to the conditions provided for in Article 21(7) of the ENPI regulation. For the EUMEDCONNECT3 project (Component 1 – main component) a direct grant contract is foreseen to be signed with DANTE (Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe, UK), based on Article 168(1)(f) of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulation. The reasons for a direct award to DANTE are the following: – DANTE has operated since 1993 four consecutive generations of pan-European research and education networks, currently the GÉANT network, and has successfully managed the EUMEDCONNECT programme since its inception; – It is set up as a non-profit organisation and is owned by a group of National Research and Education Networks (NRENs). DANTE acts as the managing partner of the projects for its NREN partners; – There are currently no alternative organisations capable of developing and operating a regional research and education network for the Southern Mediterranean (though it is foreseen that ASREN will develop to take on this role). For the activities under Component 2 to achieve a more harmonized regulatory framework and investment friendly environment in the electronic communications sector (EMERG Facilitation) a framework contract is envisaged. For the activities under Component 3 to strengthen co-operation in some specific applications of information society technologies, namely e-health, and trust in e- business transactions 2 framework contracts are envisaged. EN 19 EN 4.3. Indicative budget and calendar The indicative breakdown is as follows: – Component 1: EUR 3.29 million for EUMEDCONNECT3 (grant contract with DANTE as per section 4.2) which will be complemented by another EUR 5.8 million from the Southern Mediterranean National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) and other donors or regional organisations. – Component 2: EUR 0.2 million for EMERG Facilitation (framework contract). – Component 3: EUR 0.2 million for eHealth and EUR 0.1 million for trust in e- business transactions (2 framework contracts). The project implementation will be 42 months from the date of signature of the above contracts. The grant contact with DANTE shall be signed on the day of the Commission Decision (summer 2011), the contract for EMERG Facilitation shall be signed before the NATP 3 project finishes (September 2012) in order minimize and gaps in support to EMERG. The 2 contract for Component 3 shall be signed in shortly after the Commission Decision. 4.4. Performance monitoring The programme will be monitored according to standard procedures. Project management monitoring and evaluation will be based on periodic assessment of progress reports and deliverables. The following indicators are proposed for monitoring the project (component 1): The proposed impact indicator at the programme's overall objective level is: – 10% increase in trade, public and private investments in the information society sector between EU and Mediterranean countries (source: EUROSTAT statistics). The proposed outcome indicators at the specific objective level are: – after 3 years, there is a 5% increase in participation in international collaborative research and education projects involving ENPI South countries (source: project reports, DG-INFSO and national databases). The proposed output indicators at the project results level are: – The EUMEDCONNECT3 network is up and running at least as cost efficiently as its previous phase (source: project report); – At least 3 further countries in the region connect to the EUMEDCONNECT3 network and their NRENs join ASREN; – At least 5 case studies showing the benefits to Southern Mediterranean countries are presented to national governments (source: project reports, case studies); EN 20 EN – At least 3 dissemination events for regional stakeholders including national governments and researchers (source: project reports); – 100% funding for the continuation of EUMEDCONNECT after 2014 is secured (source: project report); – ASREN is a fully operational organisation and assumes the full technical and administrative management of the network, through a transition process during the project managed by DANTE that will start immediately the project is launched (source: project report); – Improved co-operation between EU and Mediterranean partners on eHealth solutions; – Availability of a comprehensive review of eHealth solutions and needs in Mediterranean partner countries; – Quality of the position papers yielding from the seminars on trust in e-business transactions, and in particular the workability of the options recommended. 4.5. Evaluation and audit A final evaluation will be conducted/ensured by the EU Delegation in Egypt at the end of the programme. This process will be entrusted to independent consultants and will be funded from the Global Allocation budget of the respective year. Expenditure incurred will have to be certified, as part of the obligations of contracted parties in the framework of the implementation of this programme. 4.6. Communication and visibility The programme will work out a specific communication strategy and develop specific activities dedicated to communication and visibility. The project will adequately take the “EU Visibility Guidelines for External Actions” into account, in particular as regards to workshops and conferences. EN 21 EN Annex 4: Action Fiche for ENPI South – Regional Transport Co-operation 1. IDENTIFICATION Title/Number EuroMed Transport Safemed III (CRIS number 22817) Total cost EU contribution: EUR 3 million Aid method / Direct centralised management Method of implementation DAC-code 21040 (water Sector Maritime transport transport) 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context All of the Mediterranean partner governments subscribed to the in 2007 adopted Regional Transport Action Plan (RTAP) which sets out 34 actions on regulatory reforms in the transport sector for the years 2007-2013. The implementation of these actions is overseen by the EuroMed Transport Forum. As regards the actions on maritime transport specifically, the follow-up is guaranteed by the EuroMed Transport Forum dedicated working group on Maritime Affairs, Ports and Shipping. Detailed discussions on maritime safety take place in the sub-group on maritime safety whereas discussions related to short sea shipping take place in the sub-group on Motorways of the Seas. A last meeting of the maritime safety sub-group of the EuroMed Transport Forum took place in June 2010 in the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) premises in Lisbon under the French-Egyptian co-presidency of the Union of the Mediterranean. This meeting discussed the progress on the different activities being implemented under the EuroMed Transport Safemed II project which all at reinforcing the capacity of the maritime administrations in the different partner countries and to promote the ratification, implementation and compliance with international conventions on maritime safety and security as well as further approximation to the EU acquis in the field of maritime safety and security. Having a common sea separating the Mediterranean partner countries from EU implies that further protection on this sea against accidents caused by shipping, abolishing sub- standard shipping and an overall reduction of negative environmental effects caused by shipping, is high on the agenda. This was also stressed in the Ministerial Declarations laying at the basis of the Union for the Mediterranean which state that co-operation in this matter is essential. As such the proposed project also contributes to the further implementation of the Union for the Mediterranean priorities. The two prior Safemed projects have already created a very solid foundation for EuroMediterranean co-operation on maritime safety through the direct involvement of Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC), the relevant services of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and EMSA. Nevertheless keeping in mind the ongoing discussion regarding the proposal for a regulation widening the legal mandate for EMSA, a future direct involvement of EMSA can be foreseen in the field of maritime safety and security in the Mediterranean. Numerous technical assistance activities have been set-up to EN 22 EN support maritime administrations which has contributed in some cases also to concrete maritime safety improvements (such as the better performance of some partner countries on the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Black, Grey and White list), but continuous efforts are needed to support further improvement and to assure the implementation of the different actions that have been initiated under the Safemed I and II. 2.2. Lessons learnt As this project is a follow-up of the prior two Safemed projects a lot of experience has already been gathered about the structure of the maritime administrations, their strengths and weaknesses and their needs as regards further capacity building. A Safemed II document setting out the profiles of the maritime administrations gives a good overview of the performance of each partner country in terms of fleet, recognized organisations, maritime legislation and port state control figures. Such information is crucial for a proper implementation of all technical assistance activities foreseen under EuroMed Transport Safemed III. In 2010 the EuroMed Transport Safemed II project was also monitored through Results Oriented Montoring (ROM) as to determine which activities could be improved. Whereas this ROM indicated a number of issues which could be improved as to enhance efficiency of the implementation of the project, it showed that generally the project makes a good contribution to the overall achievement of enhancing maritime safety in the Mediterranean and creating awareness about the importance of this among the beneficiary countries. In addition it should be noted that although the stakeholders are generally committed to the project, activities need to be organised continuously as to maintain this commitment and to ensure overall sustainability of the project. Generally speaking it should also be kept in mind that the improvement as foreseen by the project proceed very slowly and require sometimes new legislation and cumbersome administrative changes. Especially when keeping in mind that maritime environmental pollution does not stop at any border, regional co-operation involving all Mediterranean partner countries is considered as important. An equal and similar level of legislation is also necessary to avoid the movement of sub-standard ships to countries with a low level of legal requirements as regards maritime safety. A regional programme is therefore deemed necessary to further strengthen the regional awareness and willingness to commonly work on enhancing maritime safety and reducing maritime pollution caused by ships. 2.3. Complementary actions The project is contributing to the achievement of the broader objectives of the in 2007 adopted RTAP for the Mediterranean for 2007-2013. As such the project contributes to the overall establishment of an overall well-functioning transport system in the Mediterranean. As already stated above the project guarantees the continuation of the regional co-operation established under EuroMed Transport Safemed I and II. The project is furthermore consistent with the overall maritime safety and security objectives of the EU and notably promotes the legislation adopted under the Third EN 23 EN Maritime Safety Package. Through a direct contract with REMPEC for Safemed I and II a consistent approach of actions was also established as regards IMO actions in the Mediterranean region and relevant initiatives under the Barcelona Convention. This consistency should be continued under Safemed III. In addition, a more prominent role will be foreseen for EMSA as regards the implementation of some of the foreseen actions. Keeping in mind that EMSA is the competent authority for a number of similar actions within the EU, it seems logical that they are also involved in these actions for the benefit of the Neighbouring countries. Keeping in mind the efforts of aligning legislation with that of the EU, the involvement of EMSA in a number of activities seems fully justified. In a number of partner countries (Morocco, Egypt and Turkey) twinnings in the field of maritime safety took place in the past years. The results of these twinnings may have to be integrated in the foreseen activities under Safemed III. Further coordination with Delegations is required as besides twinnings also other bilateral assistance related to the proposed activities may be implemented. Other regional organisations active in the region such as the Mediterranean MoU on Port State Control shall also be kept involved in the implementation of the project. In the ideal situation the objectives of the project could in the long run be fully integrated into the permanent tasks of EMSA as to ascertain a real Neighbourhood policy based upon the full alignment of the regulatory framework in the partner countries to the one of the EU. Other actions in the field may relate to initiatives launched under the Integrated Maritime Policy umbrella, or within the framework of co-operation under the Union for the Mediterranean. 2.4. Donor coordination The project should be based on a sound business case guaranteeing its self- sustainability in the longer term without a further need for technical assistance from the donors. Even though this particularly difficult to attain in the case of Safemed III, when keeping in mind that long process which accompanies ratification, transposition and compliance of international conventions, a good coordination with EMSA in this respect may support the further integration of the Southern Neighbourhood partners into the general logic of pursuing enhanced maritime safety and security. Where possible this project will develop potential synergies with other donors (e.g. European Investment Bank (EIB), World Bank, German development bank Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), Agence Francaise de Développement (AfD), African & Islamic Development banks). Specific co-operation should go out to other regional initiatives which are aiming at the same goals. Therefore a close co- operation with the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean, UMA (Union Maghrebienne Arabe), GTMO 5+5 (Groupe de Ministres de Transport de la Méditerranée Occidentale) and ESCWA (United Nations Economic and Social Committee for Western Asia) may be deemed necessary. EN 24 EN 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives General objective The overall objective is to support the further ratification and implementation of international maritime safety and security conventions as well as improving the level of quality of maritime administrations in the Mediterranean partner countries with the overall objective of making shipping safer and more secure. This should promote the further alignment of the maritime safety and security legislation with the relevant EU acquis in the field and especially with the EU’s Third Maritime Safety Package. Although being a regional project, the programme should focus also on specific needs at national level of each beneficiary country by taking into account the level of improvement of the maritime administration over the past years and keeping in mind the different bilateral assistance provided (including Twinning) to some of the beneficiary countries. In this way the EuroMed Transport Safemed III project also contributes to the implementation of the relevant maritime safety and security actions (actions 7, 8 and 9) of the RTAP for the Mediterranean for 2007-2013. It should also guarantee that even though maritime transport is likely to increase (also because of programmes which support the development of short sea shipping such as the EuroMed Transport Motorways of the Seas programme), that shipping remains sustainable and that its environmental impact remains limited. Specific objectives Component 1: Flag State Implementation Further reinforcement of the standard models for flag State administrations and a framework for the adequate monitoring classification societies. In depth assistance has been offered under Safemed II to those countries who were interested on the so- called IMO Voluntary Member State Audit Scheme (VIMSAS). This effective and welcome assistance can be reinforced under Safemed III. Port state control also remains a key domain for further assistance as the majority of the partner countries remain on the Paris MoU on Port State Control black or grey lists. Further monitoring of the flag performance and dedicated assistance to overcome the identified impediments should reinforce the overall quality of the maritime administrations. Continuation of financing scholarships at the World Maritime University and the International Maritime Law Institute can further increase the professionalism of the maritime administrations. Component 2: Safety of navigation Based upon the activities under Safemed II and particularly on the instalment of Automatic Identification System (AIS) equipment and the efforts to enhance vessel traffic monitoring data sharing among the partner countries, this activity is essential for the overall safety of navigation. Keeping in mind the experience of EMSA in the field of vessel traffic monitoring and reporting services an enhanced co-operation in this matter could be foreseen. The efforts to organise trainings for Vessel Traffic & EN 25 EN Monitoring System (VTS) managers under Safemed II, should be extended under Safemed III also with a view on continuous efforts to create a common VTS sharing space among the Mediterranean partners themselves and across the Mediterranean as a whole. Depending on the interest of the beneficiaries a pilot project on maritime surveillance could be foreseen (potentially also with the involvement of one or two EU Member States). Component 3: Protection of the marine environment Different issues can be regrouped under this very important activity which is aiming at making the Mediterranean a clean and common sea. Several initiatives in this matter have been developed varying from port reception facilities, to places of refuge, as to implementation of Maritime Pollution Convention (MARPOL) and its different annexes. Especially the latter is becoming increasingly important due to the possible identification of the Mediterranean as a special sulphur emission control area. As regards regional initiatives the set-up of a regional network of places of refuge can be identified. Other relevant developments in these domains are the Anti Fouling convention, the handling of dangerous goods (IMDG) and ballast water management. Dedicated training on port reception facilities management and other pollution & prevention related activities is quite essential in this matter. Enhanced regional co-operation on such pollution & prevention initiatives can be foreseen as activity. Keeping in mind the key role of REMPEC in relation to the protection of the marine environment also linked to their work on the Barcelona Convention, the activities on the protection of the marine environment should preferably be implemented through REMPEC (while also taking into account the actions carried out in the framework of the Horizon 2020 programme). Component 4: the Human Element The influence of human behaviour still largely affects maritime accidents. Therefore qualified staff, seafarers and trainers is essential. Further trainings of inspectors shall be foreseen in addition to staff of maritime administrations themselves. Component 5: Security of ships and ports Maritime security remains a priority as terrorist attacks, piracy- and armed robbery at sea are currently among the most important threats against shipping. Initiated activities in this matter under Safemed I and II should therefore be continued to maintain a secure shipping environment. Efforts to assure the proper implementation of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS) Regulations should be continued also in close coordination with other relevant regional initiatives. 3.2. Expected results and main activities Main expected results for the five components are: • Improved level of quality of maritime administrations; • Improvement on Paris MoU Black and Grey lists; EN 26 EN • Reduced maritime pollution caused by ships; • Better information available regarding vessel movements and increased sharing of data among Neighbouring countries; • Reducing the importance of the human element as a contributing factor in maritime accidents; • Better secured port facilities and vessels and enforcement of related measures. Activity 1: Towards an effective Flag State Implementation and fulfilment of international obligations (EUR 0.8 million) Under activity 1 actions will be taken aiming at the further preparation of the partner countries for the IMO voluntary audit (VIMSAS). Preparatory activities related to this have been set out under Safemed II and this work should be further continued. The reports of Safemed II can be further used for this activity (e.g. the report on shortcomings and impediments for fulfilment of flag State related obligations). EMSA could also extent their work on the overview of maritime administrations to the project's beneficiaries. Under Safemed II countries were also enabled to participate to the IMO Flag State Implementation Sub-committee (FSI). This can also be continued under Safemed III. Activities include further reinforcement of the standard models for flag State administrations (including the establishment of a quality system), further monitoring the flag performance and dedicated assistance to overcome the identified impediments (including the follow-up of detentions). Other actions under this activity should focus on monitoring of flag performance and improved monitoring of classification societies. The EU Directive on classification societies shall serve as input for this activity. The experience of EMSA in relation to the checking compliance of recognized organisations shall be used as basis for reliance on recognized organisations for the survey and/or certification of the ships of the beneficiary countries (also based on best practices offered by EU Member States). The partner countries will also be more involved in the EU activities related to accident investigation. The relevant EU Directive takes due account of the IMO voluntary code for the investigation of marine casualties. The experience of EMSA in ensuring a common methodology for investigating maritime accidents shall be used as basis for further training the accident investigators in partner countries in this material. Additionally EMSA can disseminate best practices in setting up an independent accident investigation body, calling on EU Member State experience. Finally the continued funding of participation of the partner countries into the courses of the World Maritime University (WMU) can also be developed under this activity depending on the outcomes of Safemed II. Port state control as topic will also be addressed under this activity. The co-operation between the Paris MoU and the MED MoU on port state control shall continue to be promoted. The active involvement of EMSA in this activity is required as to ascertain further compatibility with the Med MoU committee on Port State Control procedures, to train good port state control inspectors also keeping in mind the EU EN 27 EN Port State Control Directive as to arrive at an overall upgrading of Mediterranean Port State Control Procedures. Finally also the continued data exchange has to be remained as activity. As such EMSA can support the Med MoU information system. Activity 2: Safety of navigation (EUR 0.6 million) Following the attempts of Safemed II to reinforce the regional exchange of AIS data, a number of follow-up activities in this context have to be carried out. An enhanced regional vision and sharing of vessel traffic monitoring data is still of crucial importance for improving maritime safety and reducing maritime pollution. Unfortunately progress made on this sharing of data was limited under Safemed II, nevertheless the larger involvement of EMSA in this context in Safemed III, based upon their experience with operating the SafeSeaNet server on behalf of the Commission, could further strengthen the activities in this domain. The same counts for the implementation and use of Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) of ships. EMSA can also organise three (3) information sessions on SafeSeaNet (SSN) (one per year) with the objective to prepare and support the ground for future integration of Safemed beneficiaries in SSN. EMSA and selected Member States will present best practices and examples of Vessel Traffic Monitoring Information System (VTMIS) implementation and the beneficiaries will update the status of their traffic monitoring infrastructure. The conclusions/recommendations of the information sessions will support the European Commission in defining conditions of the future incorporation of Safemed countries into SSN. As the importance of regional co-operation on this has also been incorporated as an action in the Regional Transport Action Plan, efforts to improve this should remain a priority within Safemed III. Continued training of VTS supervisors, VTS operators and VTS on-job training instructors is therefore foreseen. Additionally, a co-operation pilot project between those partner countries that are willing to do so, also including Member States who are willing, in the field of sharing common AIS and other vessel traffic monitoring data should be carried out. Activity 3: Protection of the marine environment (EUR 0.6 million) 3.1: Technical assistance related to international conventions This activity will focus largely on the different annexes of the MARPOL convention which all bring considerable challenges for the future to be implemented. Secondly an important link needs to be made in relation to the work carried out under the Barcelona convention under this specific activity. Assistance activities will be provided related to MARPOL Annex I (prevention of pollution by oil), Annexes II (pollution by noxious liquid substances) and III (pollution by harmful substances carried by sea) and VI (ship emissions) building up the assistance delivered under Safemed II. Other elements which deserve further assistance are places of refuge, the Anti Fouling conventions, ballast water management, port reception facilities and the EN 28 EN handling of dangerous goods (IMDG). Regional and national assistance activities shall be carried out for these identified domains. REMPEC as authority administered by IMO in co-operation with United Nations Environment Programme /Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP) shall be closely involved in the implementation of these activities also keeping in mind their important role in relation to the Barcelona Convention (Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean). 3.2: Operational activities in the field of prevention and protection of the marine environment Keeping in mind the different activities EMSA already carries out within the EU in co-operation with the Member States the following concrete activities can also be foreseen for the benefit of the Mediterranean partner countries: – Annual international exercises with EMSA oil recovery vessels and one or more beneficiaries; – If needed, training on pollution response (mechanical recovery and others); – CleanSeaNet service extension for e.g. Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (follow-up to MARCOAST project) at first instance with possible extension to the other beneficiaries based upon the results; – Training in CleanSeaNet-2 for operators of those countries identified as potential beneficiary. Activity 4: the Human Element (EUR 0.3 million) This activity will focus largely on the enhanced promotion of the International Labour Organisation Maritime Labour Convention (ILO MLC) as well as the International Safety Management (ISM) code and the actual implementation in the field (best practices with the support of Member States) by trainings provided by EMSA. In addition, the importance of the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) convention also for recognition of crews comings from third countries to work on board of vessels flying a EU flag will be further promoted. Appropriate training in this matter is essential to reduce the influence of human behaviour affecting maritime accidents. The role of EMSA in this context is crucial keeping in mind also their involvement in inspections to maritime administrations and education & training institutes should be integrated into this activity. Activity 5: Security of ships and ports (EUR 0.3 million) Based upon the different in-depth activities that have been carried out under Safemed II such as the assessment of the training capacity a continuation of the training programme for maritime security personnel is also foreseen under Safemed III. REMPEC has developed a considerable knowledge in this field based upon the activities carried out under Safemed I and II. The proposed activities under Safemed III shall build on that. EN 29 EN Nevertheless, based upon their experience and mandate within the EU, EMSA shall also be involved in these activities which focus on improving security inspections tasks, relevant companies but also the monitoring of Recognised Security Organisations (RSOs). Activity 6: Supporting activities (EUR 0.4 million) EuroMed Transport Forum Working Group on Maritime Affairs, Ports and Short Sea Shipping: the project will be in charge of organising at least once a year the meeting of the EuroMed Transport Forum working group on maritime affairs, ports, and short sea shipping (in collaboration with the EuroMed Transport programme on Motorways of the Seas) and/or at least once a year the sub-group on Maritime Safety. Communication: the project will be responsible for maintaining the EuroMed Transport Safemed website which shall also be linked to the website of the overall EuroMed Transport programme. The project shall publish twice a year a newsletter on its activities and its relevance. Geographic Information System (GIS): the project should contribute to the GIS, traffic forecasts and planning as carried out under the so-called Action 18 of the RTAP. This action is managed by Centre d'Etudes de Transport pour la Méditerranée Occidentale (CETMO) for the benefit of the entire future Trans Mediterranean Transport Network. The project shall support CETMO with its activities on the maritime traffic flows where necessary. 3.3. Risks and assumptions The key assumptions underlying the programme intervention can be summarised as follows: • The high level of commitment of the Government to implement the maritime transport reform policies also at a regional level. • Main stakeholders will make available sufficient managerial, human and physical resources necessary to ensure a smooth implementation of the Programme. • Mistrust between the Ministries of Transport and maritime administrations and port authorities is overcome. • The commitment of other partner countries to substantially improve maritime safety and security conditions is sustained also in terms of legal, technical and institutional reforms as well as adequate resource allocation. • (Sub)regional co-operation and confidence building is maintained. • In the absence of a port in the Palestinian Authority, relatively limited assistance can be offered to this particular beneficiary country. The key risks underlying the programme intervention can be summarised as follows: • The level of regional and/or national instability increases significantly. EN 30 EN • Change of ministers may change political efforts. • There is a lack of inter-ministerial co-ordination as well as coordination between ministries and local maritime administrations, port authorities and maritime academies. • Little funds available to implement necessary equipment (AIS, VTMS, port reception facilities) or to train maritime administration and/or ministry staff appropriately. 3.4. Crosscutting Issues Improved transport co-operation and will lead the establishment of a safe, secure, efficient and integrated transport system. While the EU supports on the one hand the development of maritime transport in the Mediterranean (by means of the Motorways of the Seas programme) it should at the same time also assure that a certain level of safety and security is maintained. This project will contribute to that. The project will guarantee a continuity of work which has been set up during the previous contract but with a larger emphasis on country specific needs and regional co-operation in those domains where this is deemed necessary. The project furthermore supports environmental protection of the Mediterranean. The promotion of the application of EU rules and standards will also have a positive side effect on the environment, mainly concerning noise and emissions. Gender policy principles will be applied in the selection procedures for the staff to be trained. 3.5. Stakeholders The main beneficiaries of the programme are the Ministries of Transport, maritime administrations and authorities, port authorities and maritime academies. Indirectly also shipping companies could benefit of the assistance Furthermore regional organisations active in the EuroMed region such as Union Maghreb Arabe (UMA), GTMO 5+5, ESCWA will be integrated in the implementation of the project. Also existing training facilities in the partner countries (e.g. Morocco) should be used where possible. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Method of implementation Direct centralised management 4.2. Procurement and grant award procedures 1) Contracts All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. EN 31 EN Participation in the award of contracts for the present action shall be open to all natural and legal persons covered by the ENPI Regulation. 2) Specific rules for grants In accordance with Article 168 (1)(f) of the Implementing Rules and based on the specific characteristics of the foreseen activities and the technical competence required, a direct contract of EUR 3 million is to be foreseen with either the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) or with REMPEC for the implementation of the foreseen tasks. EMSA's main objective is to provide technical and scientific assistance to the European Commission and Member States in the proper development and implementation of EU legislation on maritime safety, pollution by ships and security on board ships. To do this, one of EMSA's most important supporting tasks is to improve cooperation with, and between, Member States in all key areas. In addition, the Agency has operational tasks in oil pollution preparedness, detection and response. As a body of the European Union, the Agency sits at the heart of the EU maritime safety network and collaborates with many industry stakeholders and public bodies, in close cooperation with the European Commission. Following a recent proposal of the Commission the mandate of EMSA may be extended to neighbouring countries. In this case a direct contract can be awarded to EMSA. Alternatively, a direct contract is to be foreseen with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) which administers REMPEC and on behalf of REMPEC. REMPEC is the dedicated body which is active in the Mediterranean in all the domains covered by the proposed Safemed III project. REMPEC has been in charge of implementing the Safemed I and Safemed II projects as the most appropriate body and is administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in co-operation with UNEP/MAP. REMPEC was originally established in 1976 by the decision of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona convention with the mandate to strengthen the capacities of coastal States in the Mediterranean region and to facilitate co-operation among them in order to combat massive marine pollution by oil, particularly by developing national capacities to combat oil pollution and by establishing a regional information system with a view to dealing with marine pollution emergencies. The Centre’s mandate was extended over the years in conformity with the decisions of the Contracting Parties with a view to addressing relevant emerging issues and the respective global developments with a particular focus on preventive measures against pollution from ships. The objective of REMPEC is to contribute to preventing and reducing pollution from ships and combating pollution in case of emergency. In this respect, the mission of REMPEC is to assist the Contracting Parties in meeting their obligations under Articles 4(1), 6 and 9 of the Barcelona Convention; the 1976 Emergency Protocol; the 2002 Prevention and Emergency Protocol and implementing the Regional Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships, adopted by EN 32 EN the Contracting Parties in 2005 which key objectives and targets are reflected in the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD). The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EU external actions. They are established in accordance with the principles set out in Title VI 'Grants' of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget. When derogations to these principles are applied, they shall be justified, in particular in the following cases: 4.3. In accordance with Article 253 (1)(e) of the Implementing Rules and based on the specific characteristics of the foreseen activities and the technical competence required, the financing of an action in full is required for the specific cooperation with either the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) or with REMPEC for the implementation of the foreseen tasks as it is in the interest of the European Union to be the sole donor to the action as to ensure full visibility of it.Indicative budget and calendar The total budget for the proposed project is EUR 3 million for a duration of 3 years from the signature of the contracts. The indicative budget breakdown could be as follows: EUR 0.8 million for Activity 1: Towards an effective Flag State Implementation and fulfilment of international obligations EUR 0.6 million for Activity 2: safety of navigation EUR 0.6 million for Activity 3 protection of the marine environment EUR 0.3 million for Activity 4 the human element EUR 0.3 million for Activity 5 the security of ships and ports EUR 0.4 million for Activity 6 the supporting activities 4.4. Performance monitoring Main performance indicators for the six components are: • Performance on Paris Memorandum port state control list; • Ability of seafarers to work in the EU; • Level of cross-border co-operation and maritime vessel movement data sharing between partner countries; • Number of international conventions ratified and implemented; • Number of VIMSAS audits carried out; • Level of pollution caused by vessels; EN 33 EN • Reduced number of maritime accidents and ships in distress. Generally speaking, it should be acknowledged that there are limited relevant "standard indicators" in the domain as the project is mainly focusing on regulatory reforms. The European Commission and the project coordinator will pay a particular attention at the recommendations expressed by the external experts. Of course, the bilateral country progress reports within the scope of the overall European Neighbourhood Policy play an important role as well. 4.5. Evaluation and audit A mid-term progress/monitoring report of the complete RTAP 2007-2013 is foreseen for 2010. Within this framework also the actions relevant for maritime transport will be reviewed. The proposed project is supposed to deliver input to this overall progress/monitoring exercise of the RTAP. For the contracts expenditure incurred will have to be certified, as part of the obligations of the contracted parties in the framework of the implementation of this project. Mid term and final evaluations of the results achieved will be entrusted to independent consultants, as well as external audits (which will be carried out if necessary). Evaluations and audits will be funded from other sources than the project budget, since no commitment will be possible once the validity of this Decision has expired ("N+1" rule will apply). 4.6. Communication and visibility A share of the budget of the project should be dedicated to the communication, visibility and information activities in order to ensure that the results of the projects activities are further disseminated. The project should develop an adequate communication plan containing information and communication activities (towards local and/or international media, stakeholders, final beneficiaries) and ensuring visibility of the project in all material produced (website, newsletter, booklet, training material, etc.), in line with the Communication and Visibility Manual for EU external Actions. Implementation of the communication plan in the partner countries will be also carried out in collaboration with the EU Delegation, when appropriate. For the communication through the Head Quarters channels, constant communication should be kept with European Commission headquarters and with the ENPI Info centre web portal (www.enpi-info.eu). The project will furthermore assure close co-operation with the EuroMed transport main project and coordination as regards the uploading of information on the general EuroMed transport website: http://www.euromedtransport.org/. EN 34 EN Annex 5: Action Fiche for Egypt 1. IDENTIFICATION Title/Number Anna Lindh Foundation III for Inter-Cultural Dialogue (CRIS number 23023) Total cost EU contribution: EUR 7 million EU Member States contributions: EUR 6 million Aid method / Project approach – centralised Method of Direct Award Grant Contract implementation DAC-code 16061 Sector Culture 2. RATIONALE 2.1. Sector context The Anna Lindh Foundation (ALF) has played a fundamental role since 2005 in forming a bridge between the Euro-Mediterranean region by promoting understanding and intercultural dialogue between cultures, religions and people. The Regional Indicative Programme 2011-2013 recognizes that in order for this foundation to continue benefitting the Mediterranean, further EU support should be provided to enhance mutual knowledge, mutual understanding and dialogue while taking into account the following main principles. The activities of the ALF are a joint endeavour combining the efforts of its 43 national networks and its Secretariat/Headquarters in Alexandria. The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, formerly known as the Barcelona Process, was re-launched at the Paris Summit in 2008 as the Union for the Mediterranean. The Paris Summit conveyed the importance of this Euro-Mediterranean Partnership in regards to the recognition it plays in establishing peace, security and shared prosperity in the Mediterranean. In addition to this announcement, the Paris Summit also communicated that: the ALF would contribute to the cultural dimension of the Union for the Mediterranean, the ALF has to take into account the dialogue between cultures and ensure complementarities and synergies with the activities of other programmes in this field of action. 2.2. Lessons learnt After acquiring 5 years of experience in intercultural dialogue, the next third phase of the ALF must build upon the achievements of the two previous phases, in particular its credibility and the institutional legitimacy acquired through the work accomplished with all its stakeholders including its Networks. Such third phase will also be based on the major conclusions drawn during the Barcelona Forum (March 2010) which recognizes the need of the Foundation as a bridge between civil society and institutions and the findings of the ALF Report launched in 2010 on Intercultural Trends . EN 35 EN On the basis of the assessments carried out so far and the relevant role played by the Networks, the new phase should strengthen and improve the Networks' roles and activities. More than 3,000 civil society organizations have joined the Networks as partners thus representing the largest network of organizations in the region devoted to intercultural dialogue. The new challenge at this stage is to exercise a stronger monitor on the role played by the Heads of the Networks and to develop a coherent program for all of them, which could ensure a real impact on national civil societies. The activities of the new phase therefore will include actions to improve the quality of the networking dimension. The Barcelona Forum acknowledged the strategic fields of action identified in 2008 as appropriate areas where the Foundation’s programme must develop. The priority areas were therefore also reiterated for the third phase: Culture and Creativity, Education and Intercultural Learning, Cities and Spaces of Citizenship, Media and Public Opinion. On the basis of the lesson learnt (3 calls for proposals launched with a total amount of EUR 2.8 million, 664 projects received and 152 projects supported) the call for proposals should be improved and consolidated. The Call for Proposals represent the main instrument in which to develop the intercultural dialogue at different social levels, targeting youth and students, teachers, children and those more in need of education in diversity, tolerance and intercultural dialogue. The new generation of grants will be built favouring exchanges and co-operation activities among civil society organizations (people) from Europe and the Southern and eastern Mediterranean countries. Due to its nature, the ALF has a long term mandate, with a limited 3 years Grant Contract. As recommended in the first Results Oriented Monitoring (ROM) report, the new phase of the ALF is built on the need for a clearer structure of realistic and feasible objectives, activities and results, reflecting the Description of Actions and its logical framework in the designed Annual Work Plans. 2.3. Complementary actions At a regional level, the Anna Lindh Foundation will develop its strategy within the context of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and the Union for the Mediterranean (Paris, July 2008). It will continue to collaborate with relevant Euro-Med programmes as well as those carried out by other regional or international institutions. In the field of Media, ALF will continue to promote complementary actions developed during the EuroMed Media Task Force and the UN Alliance of Civilisations. The Euro Med Youth IV Programme and the Youth in Action Programme, both, promote mobility, youth exchanges, informal learning, mutual understanding, training and youth networking projects and support of youth organisations from both the EU and Mediterranean Partner Countries which all enhance Euro-Mediterranean co-operation in the youth field. EN 36 EN Concerning audiovisual activities, complementary actions will be sought with the Euro Med Audiovisual III Programme, which will contribute to the strengthening and further development of the Mediterranean audiovisual sector. Synergy with the Euro Med IV Heritage Programme will also be ensured, focusing on the appropriation of cultural heritage by local populations, access to knowledge, and institutional and legislative strengthening. Some of the ALF’s main actions, for instance, the Forum and the Report are suitable fields for the already established partnership strengthening with UNESCO, the Alliance of Civilisations, the Council of Europe, the League of Arab States, the Islamic Education, Science, Cultural Organization (ISECO), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the EuroMed Parliamentary Assembly (EMPA), the Permanent Conference of the Mediterranean Audiovisual Operators (COPEAM) and the Euro-Mediterranean Assembly of Local and Regional Authorities (EMRLA). 2.4. Donor coordination Financial contributions to the Anna Lindh Foundation’s budget come from the European Union and the 43 Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Countries that constitute the Foundation's Board of governors. The Board of governors in the presence of the EU representative(s) approves the Programme and its provisional budget thus representing the best setting to ensure EU donor coordination. With a view to ensure stronger coordination, the principle of voluntary Member State contributions should become a formal commitment, in order to create a budget based on concrete pledges before the starting of the triennial Phase. The Member States could contribute through an extra-budgetary project, such as the Children Literature Programme funded by Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (SIDA) in the last two Phases. Broader donor community coordination is ensured with the Alliance of Civilisations (within the United Nations system), whose aim is to promote dialogue through its representatives and its universal and regional bodies. 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives The overall objective of the ALF is to promote knowledge, mutual respect and intercultural dialogue between the peoples of the Euro-Mediterranean. In this third phase, the ALF aims to consolidate the achievements reached so far and transform them into far-reaching and permanent actions, adapting its programme to the new realities and demands that intercultural dialogue addresses in the Region. The specific objectives are: (1) To improve mutual perceptions and promote mutual understanding, generating positive changes in intercultural relations and policies in the Mediterranean region. This specific objective will be achieved through avoiding the manipulation of cultural and religious identities; the rebuilding EN 37 EN of trust and bridges between societies in a region affected by conflicts, principally of political nature and the promotion of intercultural practices aimed at sustainable development. (2) To promote the intercultural dialogue at grass roots level of the society through the implementation of civil society's initiatives. The Foundation will create space for exchange and interaction between Euro-Mediterranean individuals and will act as a communication channel from the grassroots level to the decision makers. In order to take advantage of this position and create the conditions for fruitful dialogue, the Foundation will facilitate mechanisms for funding projects proposed by the civil society. These mechanisms contribute to the unique character of the ALF as a meeting point for civil societies from both sides of the Mediterranean. (3) To reinforce ALF networks of civil society and capacity building: best practices of action and management will be built as model for all Networks. The role of the Networks in the development of the programme and in the setting up action tools for the Foundation is crucial. The Networks should play the role of antenna of the ALF within the 43 Member Countries and ensure that the initiatives, actions, interventions of their members (civil society organizations belonging to the national network) converge towards common objectives. 3.2. Expected results and main activities The new operational phase will develop its major programs, projects and actions in the areas of Culture and Creativity, Education and Intercultural Learning, Cities and Spaces of Citizenship, Media and Public Opinion which were confirmed as the areas where a culture of dialogue can eventually materialize at the Forum in Barcelona. The activities' format - Call for proposals, Network Support Development Scheme, Anna Lindh Forum, Report on Intercultural Trends, Mobility Funds and Annual Initiatives - were identified in the Strategic paper presented and endorsed by the Board of Governors in October 2010. Objective 1: To improve mutual perceptions and promote mutual understanding The result will include: • Comparative analyses carried out of the evolution of perceptions, values and behaviours in the region; • A report on Intercultural Dialogue edited presented and disseminated among ALF members. The main indicators will include: the number of target opinions polled (Indicator), number of analyses launched; number of resources edited; number of books disseminated in schools and in libraries, press releases; website visitors, number of events carried out on Intercultural dialogue. The activities include: EN 38 EN • Carrying out an opinion poll compiling data and analyses regarding mutual perceptions in a sample of countries of the euro Mediterranean region; • Preparation and editing of the report in intercultural trends and related activities of debate and dissemination in a sample of countries; • Editing of resources and tools for formal and informal intercultural learning; • Organization of Seminars and education training in intercultural dialogue; website communication tools; Euromed Journalist Award, Translation Program: acting as observatory of translation in the region. Objective 2: To promote the intercultural dialogue at grass roots level of the society through the implementation of civil society's initiatives The results will include: • Best practices and projects carried out by civil society organizations in the North and the South promoted and supported; • Projects involving more vulnerable beneficiaries (children, women, migrants) and dialogue within these communities increased; • Presence of institutional and local level in the programme of ALF assured; • Exchange and debate for people with different origins, traditions and beliefs addressed and promoted, in particularly with the youth; • Youth participation regarding intercultural dialogue increased. The indicators include: the number of civil society projects carried out by north- south institutions on intercultural dialogue, number of opinion makers, local administrations and organization mobilized trough activities; number of children, youth, families and educational stakeholders benefited from the ALF's actions. The activities include: • Call for project grants of different nature, long term, short term and thematic will be launched ensuring adequate participation from North and South partner countries; • Organization of the Anna Lindh Forum; Objective 3: To reinforce ALF networks of civil society and capacity building: The results of this objective include: • National dimension of the Foundation activity strengthened; • Activities in intercultural dialogue increased at a national level; • Involvement of the national networks in the activities of the ALF strengthened; EN 39 EN • Networks presence in the design and implementation of the ALF activities increased. Indicators: number of national activities and national members records, services provided to the networks, number of networks involved in the ALF program; Head of Network meetings The activities include: • Common actions of the networks; • Tools to improve the quality and social incidence of national network: trainings; • Call for network participation in the activities promoted by the Foundation; • Services to make the Networks more effective enabling them to better perform, operate and generate projects such as contact making meetings, sharing project ideas, matching partnerships, support fundraising, developing capacity building, creating specific networks around joint policies such as academic co-operation or education. 3.3. Risks and assumptions The main assumption underlying this intervention is that the ALF has to be recognised as a tool to improve mutual perceptions and better understanding among people of different origins, cultures and beliefs and to create spaces of exchange and dialogue based on mutual respect and universal values in the forty-three countries of the Union for the Mediterranean. In addition, it worth mentioning that the ALF is linked to the EuroMed institutional challenge and that the implementation of its strategy has to take into account the evolution of the Union for the Mediterranean process. The main risks and possible constrains is represented by the fact that the global budget of the Foundation is based upon the contributions of the European Union and the 43 Euro-Med governments. Any delay in the delivery of EuroMed government contributions or in the fulfilment of the corresponding commitments might lead to: difficult implementation of the planned activities or even to its termination; and it may endanger the Foundation's image and co-operation with its counterparts. The ALF which works on the basis of a three year work plan will revise and adapt its plan of activities in the case of a substantial budget reduction due to any missing contribution by a member state. 3.4. Crosscutting Issues The Project integrates culture of peace, good governance, citizens participation and human rights in its activities, which are both at the basis of respect and preservation of cultural diversity. Given the importance of women empowerment policies in the region, the Foundation will also encourage and support projects addressing women affairs and ensure that gender equality is reflected among the activities' participants. The Foundation will target both women working at the policy making level, in order to favour regional exchanges and actions promoting advocacy roles for women EN 40 EN within their society, and women at the grass root level, in order to create common grounds for exchange and understanding around traditional and universal values. As mentioned in the last report published by the ALF, concepts as freedom of religion and belief and the non manipulation of religions will also be taken into account as a cross cutting issue. 3.5. Stakeholders The Foundation acts as a Network of Networks of the 43 civil societies forming the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. National networks, which are coordinated by Head of Network institutions, participate in the Foundation's programme preparation, which is presented for approval by the Executive Director to the Board of Governors. Their role is essential to give a concrete shape to Euro-Med human and cultural co- operation. The 43 networks are the constituent element of the Foundation and the major actors in implementation of the programme. They are responsible for addressing the specific needs and requests of the civil society and reflect them in the development and action plans of the National Networks, in project grant schemes, in regional actions and operations conceived and co-organized by the Foundation. The networks gather more than 3,000 organizations from the civil society, half of them non- governmental and the other half non profit public and private foundations, local authorities, or academic institutions. Members are active in several fields such as international relations, youth, gender and education, arts and heritage, democracy and human rights, research, environment and sustainable development, media, and religious affairs. It is therefore forecast that at least 2/3 of the Network members will benefit in the next three years from the intervention of the ALF through its partnership, exchange, and capacity building services, or through co organization of events/activities. The Foundation also establishes specific partnership agreements with international organizations such as the UN Alliance of Civilizations, the Arab League, the Council of Europe, UNESCO, as well as regional networks and platforms operating in the Euro-Med region. These partnerships aim at implementing specific actions in line with the ALF programme and can increase the visibility of the Euro-Mediterranean partnerships As far as the final beneficiaries of the Euro-Med region are concerned, the quantifiable estimation has to be based on official statistics. The total population of the 43 Euro Mediterranean countries corresponds to around 773 million and the total amount of young population aged between 15 and 24 is estimated to be around 117 million, corresponding to one sixth of the total population. The estimated target of youths who should be reached thorough the Foundation’s activities and grants is between 1.2 million and 1.4 million. The estimated target of young people which should be reached using media and information technologies and means and in co- operation with existing media has been estimated to be at least 10% of the total youth population of the Euro-Med region. EN 41 EN 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Method of implementation Direct centralised management. 1) Contracts All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. Participation in the award of contracts for the present action shall be open to all natural and legal persons covered by the ENPI Regulation. Further extensions of this participation to other natural or legal persons by the concerned authorising officer shall be subject to the conditions provided for in Article 21(7) of the ENPI regulation. 2) Specific rules for grants Based on Article 108.1.b and 168.1.f of the Financial Regulation, an operating grant will be directly awarded to the ALF. Such modality is allowed for actions that, like the current one, have specific characteristics that require a particular type of body on account of its technical competence, its high degree of specialisation which is the case of the ALF which plays a pivotal role and functions as a network of networks. In addition, compliance with Article 108.1.b is ensured not only by the objectives of the Foundation but also by the fact that the ALF is a result of a high level advisory group on dialogue between peoples and culture in the Euro-Mediterranean area called by the European Commission itself. The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EU external actions. They are established in accordance with the principles set out in Title VI 'Grants' of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget. When derogations to these principles are applied, they shall be justified, in particular in the following cases: – Financing in full (derogation to the principle of co-financing): the maximum possible rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing may only be applied in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Commission Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2342/2002 of 23 December 2002 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Union. 4.2. Indicative budget and calendar The action will draw on the following resources: EN 42 EN • EUR 7 million from the budget of the European Union; EUR 6.9 million for operating grant and EUR 0.1 million for audit; • Up to EUR 6 million from funds provided by EuroMed governments. The contribution of the European Union will be used for the Foundation's operating costs and for part of its managed activities for a duration of 3 years. In compliance with Article 113 of the FR and 172.b of the IR the operating grant will not finance the entire operating expenditure of the ALF and will be gradually decreased in a proportionate and equitable manner in case of renewal. The remaining activities will be funded by the EuroMed Governments or from other sources. EUR 0.1 million will be earmarked for a service contract managed by the EU Delegation in Cairo with an audit company (system audit and verification of expenditures). 4.3. Performance monitoring The Foundation is elaborating a coherent Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system and impact measurement framework centred on result-based management. In light of the above, the Foundation will implement during the next phase the practical monitoring and evaluation system which will be managed internally. This system is considered to be an evolving process, in line with international principles, norm and standards for monitoring and evaluation and inspired by the European Commission literature. The system will be used to elaborate the contractual reports. The European Union may conduct additional monitoring or evaluation missions, using external expertise according to needs. The Foundation and the European Union shall analyse the conclusions and recommendations of the evaluations and jointly decide on the follow-up action to be taken and any adjustments necessary, including, the reorientation of the action. 4.4. Evaluation and audit Financial execution and statement will be subject to annual external audits, to be undertaken by independent auditors directly contracted by the Foundation. 4.5. Communication and visibility The overarching aim of the Anna Lindh Foundation’s communication activities is to maximize the reach and impact of the institution’s strategy and programme at local, national and international level. In addition the objective of the ALF phase III is to reinforce the centrality of communication at all levels of the institution with the active participation of the National Networks and regional partners. EU communication and visibility will be addressed in all Euro Mediterranean countries in close co-operation with the relevant EU Delegations and in line with the EU visibility guidelines applicable to all external actions. EN 43 EN Annex 6: Action Fiche for the 2011-2012 Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Regional Action Programme - Global Allocation 1. IDENTIFICATION Title Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Global Allocation for 2011- 2012 (CRIS number 23020) Total cost EU contribution: EUR 17 million Aid method/ Project approach – centralised Management mode DAC code 43010 Sector Multi-sector 2. RATIONALE The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Global Allocation for 2011-2012 is a flexible “facility” giving the European Commission the possibility to decide to finance small- scale measures that are in keeping with the objectives of the Southern dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its operational and policy priorities. Based on the ENPI Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1638/2006), in particular Article 16 on “Support measures”, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Global Allocation for 2011-2012 provides funding which allows to implement the ENPI Regulation and achieve its objectives, e.g. supporting activities and studies relating to the country or multi-country programmes, organisation of ENPI South meetings, activities in the fields of culture and information or ad hoc operations. 3. DESCRIPTION 3.1. Objectives The objective of this Global Allocation is to ensure a rapid commitment decision on action and projects, while enabling the European Commission to act with flexibility by means of an instrument which is capable of adapting itself to evolving circumstances and/or dealing with unforeseen situations. 3.2. Expected results and main activities The Global Allocation will be used as a framework for financing activities in the following fields: Support for project cycle management This component includes activities linked to: – identification and formulation of bilateral and regional projects which may result in funding from ENPI South (e.g. sectoral studies, country or region studies, studies on cross-cutting issues or in specialised areas, preparatory activities, etc.); EN 44 EN – small projects and other small-scale activities to back up major projects during implementation (programmes carried out under the country or multi-country programmes); – audit and evaluation/impact assessment of projects for which financing of such activities could not be foreseen due to the N+1 rule or is no longer available. The indicative budget for this component is EUR 6 million to be allocated by means of framework contracts. In the very few cases where the existing framework contracts could not be used (e.g. budget over the EUR 0.2 million threshold, experts unavailable for various lots, etc.), other procedures laid down in the Financial Regulation (Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002) will be followed. (1) Cultural and information activities This component covers activities of the relevant EU Delegations in the Mediterranean countries and territories in the following areas: – culture: support to local or regional cultural activities in the field of audiovisual and multimedia, arts, cultural festivals (cinema, dance, theatre, etc.), dialogue between cultures, etc.; – information: publications and other information and awareness-raising activities about the Euro-Mediterranean co-operation and partnership which are designed and implemented in coherence with and to complement the regional information and communication programme, in order to enhance the visibility of Commission's activities in each relevant southern Mediterranean country. This component will have an indicative budget of EUR 3.5 million, to be split among EU Delegations, based on their annual programme of activities. These activities will be implemented by means of grant and service contracts. All grant contracts will be awarded following calls for proposals launched locally by EU Delegations. The required procedures for service contracts will be applied in accordance with the Financial Regulation. (2) Organisation of meetings This component covers different kinds of meetings organised by the Commission in the framework of the ENPI South , including ministerial conferences conducted in co-operation with the EU Presidency and thematic working groups, civil fora, sectoral preparatory meetings, etc. The indicative budget for this component is EUR 3 million. The technical preparations for and logistical organisation of the meetings will come under framework contracts or other procedures laid down in the Financial Regulation. (3) Ad hoc operations This component will be used to finance operations in specific cases which fall outside the scope of the standard country or multi-country programmes, such as the EU's financial contribution to the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean and the information and training seminars for Euro Mediterranean diplomats. EN 45 EN Support to the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean The Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean has been established on a permanent basis to play a key role in the institutional architecture of the Union for the Mediterranean, mainly by taking charge of identifying measures to follow up and promote new projects, but also by seeking funding and partners to implement projects. It was agreed at EU political level that the Commission will co-finance (up to a maximum of 50%, declining over time) the Secretariat of the Union on a yearly basis. For 2011, Commission has signed with the Secretariat an operating grant agreement which amounts to EUR 3,127,498. This co-financing strictly follows the provisions of the Financial Regulation. The other sources of funding will have to come from the Euro-Mediterranean partners. Spain contributes in-kind by providing premises for the Secretariat in Barcelona. Other EU and non-EU partner countries ensure their share of the co-financing via the secondment to the Secretariat of national civil experts and experts. Additional sources of funding should come from EU and non-EU partner countries but are not known to date. The information and training seminars for Euro-Mediterranean diplomats In the course of the implementation of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership, and in particular the political and security dialogue, the necessity for introducing partnership measures among EU Member States and their Mediterranean Partners has continually been emphasized. It is proposed to continue to finance in 2011 this initiative which started back in 2001. It consists in a series of training sessions to familiarize diplomats coming from Foreign Ministries' departments with the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership process and the Union for the Mediterranean. Training sessions mainly focus on the EU institutional setting and decision-making patterns, the question of how to deal with the EU in practical terms, and selected aspects of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership and its implementation. The underlying objective of these information and training sessions is to improve the flow of information, and the exchange of perspectives and the promotion of dialogue among diplomats from Euro-Mediterranean partners. These sessions will also serve as valuable networking functions, as officials attending the meetings are all directly involved in the current implementation of the Euro Mediterranean partnership. The indicative budget for the ad-hoc operations is EUR 4.5 million. The information and training seminars for Euro Mediterranean diplomats will be financed via a service contract. Financial support from the EU budget to the Secretariat will be financed via an operating grant agreement. 4. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 4.1. Implementation method Centralised management. EN 46 EN 4.2. Procurement and grant award procedures 1) Contracts All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations, in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. Participation in the award of contracts for the present action shall be open to all natural and legal persons covered by the ENPI Regulation. Further extensions of this participation to other natural or legal persons by the concerned authorising officer shall be subject to the conditions provided for in Article 21(7) of the ENPI regulation. 2) Specific rules for grants All contracts implementing the action must be awarded and implemented in accordance with the procedures and standard documents laid down and published by the Commission for the implementation of external operations and which are in force at the time of the launch of the procedure in question. The essential selection and award criteria for the award of grants are laid down in the Practical Guide to contract procedures for EU external actions. The maximum rate of co-financing for grants is 80%. Full financing is possible only in the cases provided for in Article 253 of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulation where financing in full is essential in order to carry out the action in question. 4.3. Indicative budget and calendar Contracts can be financed under this part of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Global Allocation as soon as the relevant Commission Decision is adopted and until 31 December 2012 in accordance with the “n+1” rule, provided the funds available under the previous Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Global Allocation have been fully used. 4.4. Evaluation and audit Certification of expenditure will have to be submitted as part of the contracts implementing this decision. Evaluations of the results achieved by some of the projects financed under this Decision may be conducted by external experts entrusted by the Commission, along with external audits on the initiative of the Commission, if necessary. These evaluations and audits will be funded from other sources because the “n+1” rule applies after the contracting-out period for this Decision. EN 47 EN