BLACK HISTORY MONTH

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					BLACK HISTORY MONTH

FRANKLIN SCHOOL FEBRUARY, 2009
GRADE 7

ESTEBAN
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BORN IN 1503 DIED MAY,1523 SLAVE/EXPLORER INSPIRED SLAVES TO BE MORE THAN JUST SLAVES

JAIME RIVERA

ELIJAH POOLE

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BORN ON OCTOBER 7, 1897 DIED ON FEBRUARY 29, 1975 A PREACHER INTRODUCED ISLAM TO OTHER BLACK AMERICANS SPENT FOUR YEARS IN JAIL DURING WORLD WAR II INSPIRED BY W.D FARD

SOPHIA LAVELL

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COLIN POWELL

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BORN APRIL 5, 1937 IN HARLEM, A NEIGHBORHOOD IN N.Y.C. COLIN POWELL IS STILL ALIVE AN AMERICAN STATESMAN A FORMER FOUR-STAR GENERAL FOUGHT AND LED THE MILITARY DURING OPERATION DESERT STORM A GREAT GENERAL HELPED AMERICA BY WORKING IN POLITICS NICO SORIANO

Booker Tailaferro Washington
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BORN ON APRIL 5, 1856 IN HALE’S FORD, VIRGINIA DIED ON NOVEMBER 14 1915 IN TUSKEGEE , ALABAMA AN AMERICAN EDUCATOR, AUTHOR, LEADER OF THE AFRICAN- AMERICAN CAUSE ISPIRED BY VIOLA RUFFNER WORKED FOR THE EDUCATION OF BLACKS IN THE SOUTH

BRENDAN HELLER

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DUKE ELLINGTON
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BORN APRIL 29, 1899 IN WASHINGTON,DC DIED MAY, 1974 IN NEW YORK A JAZZ MUSICIAN HIS MUSIC WAS HIS CONTRIBUTION TO SOCIETY INSPIRED BY THE LOVE AND SUPPORT HE RECEIVED IN HIS EARLY LIFE

Connor McMullin

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Debi Thomas

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BORN MARCH 25, 1967 IN POUGHKEEPSIE, NEW YORK STILL ALIVE AT THE AGE OF 41 OLYMPIC FIGURE SKATER INSPIRED BY MR.FRICK, AN ICE SHOW COMEDIAN INTRODUCED TO ICE SKATING BY HER MOTHER

BY: GRACE TOMKO

Edward Alexander Bouchet
• Born on September 15th, 1852 in New
Haven, Connecticut • Died of age 66 in Oct. 28th 1918 • Was a Physicyst Alexis Liman

Andrew Jackson Young
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BORN ON MARCH 12, 1932 STILL ALIVE SERVED THE UNITED STATES AS A MEMBER OF CONGRESS APPOINTED AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED NATIONS BY PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER SERVED AS MAYOR OF ATLANTA MINISTER INSPIRED BY MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.

BY: ALYSSA PIPON

SIDNEY POITIER
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BORN IN 1917 IN MIAMI, FLORIDA STILL ALIVE TODAY AT 82 \ A KEY ACTIVIST FOR CIVIL RIGHTS AN ACTOR AND DIRECTOR FIRST BLACK ACTOR TO WIN AN ACADEMY AWARD INSPIRED BY A NEWSPAPER IN AMSTERDAM, NY SAVANNAH DANIELLE SHON

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YVONNE BRAITHWAITE BURKE
• BORN ON OCTOBER 5, 1932 IN LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA • STILL ALIVE AT THE AGE OF 77 • THE FIRST BLACK WOMAN TO BE ELECTED TO THE CALIFORNIA • • • •
ASSEMBLY FIRST BLACK WOMAN FROM CALIFORNIA ELECTED TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FIRST WOMAN CHAIR OF THE CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS CURRENTLY ON THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS IN CALIFORNIA INSPIRED BY HER INTELLIGENCE AS A CHILD BIANCA FATA

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Whitney M. Young, Jr.
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BORN JULY 31, 1921 IN LINCOLN RIDGE, KENTUCKY DIED MARCH 11, 1971 IN LAGOS, NIGERIA SOCIAL WORKER SPENT MOST OF HIS ADULT LIFE TRANSENDING THE BARRIERS OF RACE, WEALTH AND SOCIAL STANDING DEVELOPED AND EXANDED NEW AND EXISTING PROGRAMS FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS IN EDUCATION, HOUSING, VOTER REGISTRATION, AND FAMILY COUNSILING. AS A NATIONAL URBAN LEADER, CREATED THOUSANDS OF NEW JOBS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS WHICH HAD BEEN RESERVED FOR WHITES ONLY INSPIRED BY HIS EXPERIENCES WITH RACISM IN THE MILITARY DESIREE BOGEN

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JOE LOUIS
• BORN ON MAY 13, 1914 IN LAFEYETTE, ALAMBAMA • DIED ON APRIL12,1981 IN LAS VEGAS, NEVADA • FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO WIN A HEAVYWEIGHT BOXING • •
CHAMPIONSHIP SERVED IN WORLD WAR II INSPIRED BY ALL AFRICAN AMERICANS

NUNZIO ANTHONY GANGI

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RAY CHARLES ROBINSON
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BORN SEPTEMBER 23, 1930 IN ALBANY, GEORGIA DIED JUNE 10, 2004 IN BEVERLY HILLS, CALIFORNIA A MUSICIAN, SINGER, AND PIANTIST GAVE MONEY TO MANY INSTITUTIONS INSPIRED BY WYLIE PITMAN KUNJ JAIN

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BLUFORD GUIONS, JR
• BORN NOVEMBER 22,1942 IN PHILADELPHIA,PENNSYLVANIA • STILL ALIVE; RETIRED FROM NASA • INSPIRED AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WHITE PEOPLE TO BE •
ASTRONAUTS B.S. IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING FROM THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

SALVATORE WARTEL

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THOMAS A. DORSEY
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BORN ON JULY 1,1899 IN VILLA RICA, GEORGIA DIED ON JANUARY 23,1993 IN CHICAGO, ILLINOIS WORKED IN THE NEW HOPE BAPTIST CHURCH IN CHICAGO LEARNED TO PLAY THE PORTABLE ORGAN; THE PIANO INFLUENCED MUSICALLY BY HIS MOTHER AND HER BROTHER TAUGHT HIM HOW TO PLAY JAZZ MUSIC ON THE PIANO AND THE ORGAN KNOWN AS THE “FATHER OF GOSPEL MUSIC”

MIKE POLITO

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BENJAMIN L. HOOKS
• BORN JANUARY 31,1925 IN MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE • STILL ALIVE AT 84 YEARS OLD • AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER, BAPTIST, • • •
ATTORNEY,EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR FOR THE NAACP SET UP HIS OWN LAW PRACTICE GOT THE GOVERNMENT’S FULL SUPPORT AGAINST RACIAL BOMBINGS INSPIRED BY HIS FAMILY’S LEGACY CONNER LULAND
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SHIRLEY ANN JACKSON
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BORN ON AUGUST 5,1946 IN WASHINGTON, D.C STILL ALIVE AT 57 YEARS OLD A PHYSICIST AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMAN TO CHAIR THE U.S NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISION ONE OF THE “ TOP 50 WOMEN IN SCIENCE” HER FATHER INSPIRED HER INTREST IN SCIENCE BY THE AGE OF 8 SHE AIMED FOR HER PASSION IN SCIENCE, KNOWLEDGE, AND ACCOMPLISHMENT JASMINE ANTUNEZ

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ALTHEA GIBSON

• BORN ON AUGUST 25, 1927 IN SILVER SOUTH CAROLINA • DIED AT AGE 77 ON SEPTEMBER 28, 2003 IN EAST ORANGE, NEW
JERSEY • A PROFESSIONAL TENNIS PLAYER, PROFESSIONAL GOLF PLAYER AND NEW JERSEY STATE COMMISIONER OF ATHLETICS • BROKE THE COLOR BARRIER OF TENNIS • FIRST BLACK TO BE VOTED FEMALE ALTHLETE OF THE YEAR • THE FIRST BLACK TO WIN TENNIS CHAMPIONSHIPS AT GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENTS • DOCTOR WALTER JOHNSON INSPIRED HER TO CHOOSE HER PATH IN LIFE JENNA DITOMMASO

MADAME C.J WALKER
• BORN DECEMBER 23, DELTA, LOUISIANA • DIED MAY 25, NEW YORK, NEW YORK • AMERICAN BUSINESS WOMAN, HAIR CARE ENTREPRENEUR,
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TYCOON, PHILANTROPIST MADE A SUCCESSFUL LINE OF BEAUTY AND HAIR PRODUCTS FIRST TO BECOME A MILLIONAIRE FOR HER OWN ACHIEVEMENTS HELD LECTURES THAT EMPOWERED OTHER WOMEN IN BUSINESS HER WILL SUPPORTED BLACK SCHOOLS, ORPHANAGES, AND ORGANIZATIONS SHE STARTD TO BECOME BALD AND WANTED TO PREVENT THAT FOM HAPPENING, SO SHE STARTED HER OWN LINE OF BEAUTY AND HAIR PRODUCTS. JESSICA WENG

SCOTT JOPLIN

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• BORN IN TEXAS NEAR LINDEN AROUND NOVEMBER 24,1868 • DIED ON APRIL 1,1917 IN MANHATTAN STATE HOSPITAL, NEW YORK

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AT THE AGE OF 49 OR 50 (HIS ACTUAL BIRTH DATE IS UNKNOWN) KNOWN AS THE KING OF RAGTIME A COMPOSER OF CLASIC RAGTIME MUSIC, A PIANIST, AND TAUGHT SEVERAL PROTEGES CONTRIBUTED MANY GREAT PIECES TO SOCIETY SUCH AS THE ENTERTAINER WICH WAS FEATURED IN THE MOVIE THE STING HIS GERMAN MUSIC TEACHER INFLUENCED HIM TO WRITE CLASICAL RAGTIME MUSIC SEAN DELLO MONACO

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JAMES LANGSTON HUGHES

• BORN ON FEBRUARY 1,1902 IN JOPLIN, MISSOURI • DIED ON MAY 22,1967 IN NEW YORK • LANGSTON HUGHES WAS A POET DURING THE HARLEM
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RENAISSANCE INSPIRED BY PAUL LAWRENCE DUNBAR, CARL SANDBURG, AND WALT WHITMAN DELIA GALICIA

COLEMAN YOUNG
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BORN ON MAY 24, 1918 IN TUSCALOOSA, ALABAMA DIED ON NOVEMBER 29, 1997 IN DETROIT, MICHIGAN A POLITICIAN, AND A MAYOR THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN IN DETROIT, MICHIGAN DESIRED TO CHANGE HOW PEOPLE VIEWED AFRICAN AMERICANS DEVIN O’DONOVAN

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WILMA GLODEAN RUDOLPH

• BORN JUNE 23, 1940 IN CLARKSVILLE, TENNESSEE. • DIED NOVEMBER 12, 1994 IN BRENTWOOD, TENNESSEE. • A TRACK RUNNER WHO COMPETED IN THE OLYMPICS SEVERAL • •
TIMES, RESULTING IN MANY METALS AND AWARDS WORKED AS A TEACHER AT A SCHOOL, COACHED TRACK AT BURT HIGH SCHOOL, AND BECAME A SPORTS COMMENTATOR ON NATIONAL TELEVISION. WAS INSPIRED TO RUN TRACK BY HER TRACK AND FIELD COACH EDWARD S. TEMPLE MATT STEVENS

ROY INNIS
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• BORN IN JUNE 6,1935 IN ST.CROIX VIRGIN ISLANDS HE IS ALIVE • NATIONAL CHAIRMAN OF THE CONGRESS OF RACIEL EQUALITY (CORE) •
SINCE HIS ELECTION TO THE POSTION IN1968. ACTIVE IN CRIMINAL JUSTIVE MATTERS, INCLUDING DEBATE OVER GUN CONTROL AND THE SECOND AMENDMENT. HIS MOTHER ENCOURAGED TO BETTER HIMSELF. OZGUN USTUN

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BARBARA JORDAN
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BORN FEBRUARY 21, 1936 IN HOUSTON, TEXAS A LAWYER WITH GOOD PUBLIC SPEAKING SKILLS. SHE WAS IN THE SENATE,IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. HELPED PASS LAWS ON THE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE. INSPIRED BY LYNDON B. JOHNSON. DIED ON JANUARY 17,1996 IN AUSTIN, TEXAS GIANNA MORMANDO

HARRIET TUBMAN
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• BORN IN BUCKTOWN, MARYLAND iN 1820 • DIED AT THE AGE OF 93 IN A NURISING HOME FROM PNEUMONIA iN • • • • • •
AUBURN, NEW YORK IN 1913 AT THE AGE OF 24 SHE MARRIED JOHN TUBMAN, A FREE AFRICAN AMERICAN MADE NINETEEN TRIPS TO THE SOUTH TO FREE SLAVES WORKED FOR 4 YEARS IN THE UNION ARMY DURING THE CIVIL WAR RECEIVED HONOR FROM QUEEN VICTORIA FOR BRAVERY TRIED TO FREE THE SLAVES WORKED THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD ARDANIELYS SANCHEZ