SUDAN UN Resident Coordinator’s Support Office And UNMIS Humanitarian Early Recovery & Reintegration Joint Weekly Report 17-25 October, 2009 The Three Transitional Areas ABYEI RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT Boarder Demarcation Team (BDT): Abyei area remains calm. Critics particularly on the PCA ruling and border demarcation amongst young Misseriya persist. The Abyei Administration and UN are monitoring the situation. A multifaceted approach needs to include dissemination of the PCA at grassroots’ level and raising awareness on respect of grazing rights and plans to support needs of Misseriya migration (and returns). Population Movement Rural coordination: On Oct 18, RCSO/RRR, CAD and UNCT unified the approach for Village Committees at field level and agreed to link all rural committees in a single platform, including a Village Committee composed of traditional leadership and prominent members selected by the communities (women representatives, youth representatives etc.) to liaise on major community issues such as WatSan projects, hygiene promotion, food distributions etc. Security remains a priority: On Oct 19, the Abyei Area Security Committee (ASC) met with South Kordofan ASC, including both Abyei and SK Governors, to discuss the up coming governors meeting and highlight security as a priority for both States. Reconciliation/peaceful coexistence: The continuing bearing of arms by Misseriya in the Abyei area remains disputed. Abyei authorities will address the “fire arm issue” during “The Five Governors 1 Interstate Conference’, which is scheduled for Oct 30 to be held in Abyei. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS/ COORDINATION ISSUES Construction of Public Buildings: AIS/AECOM is currently constructing new AAA Executive and Legislative offices in Abyei town and plans an Abyei Boy Secondary School, Vocational/Skills development centre, and a Traditional Leaders’ Centre. Water and Sanitation: On Oct 21, WatSan activities were defined as priority interventions from Nov 2009 – Jan 2010 in support of migration and return. AAA and partners will jointly assess the current status of water facilities and immediate needs. It is envisaged that WATSAN partners will provide more than 38 new water points [UNICEF: 30; SCSweden: 8; and IOM- tbc] until end of 2009. Education Assessment: AAA, Ministry of Social Services, IOM and UNICEF jointly assessed gaps in the Education system and identified a new Primary School and a teacher training centre as some of the priorities. SECURITY/POLITICAL ISSUES A number of incidents were reported along the road Nyama- Higlig, involving shooting. In one incident Misseriya blocked the road in Higlig and demanding jobs from the Oil Company. UN- DSS declared restricted movement on the road Abyei- Nyama- Higlig. UPCOMING EVENT Oct 26- 27 Joint Assessment of WatSan facilities, Oct 28 UNCT- Abyei, Oct 29 UNMOs/ UNPOLs training, BLUE NILE STATE RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT
Five States are: Abyei, South Kordofan, Unity, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Warrab
Joint Programme: Oct 19-21 a mission headed by UNIDO Khartoum initiated a joint programme strengthening structures for youth employment. The project will be implemented by various UN agencies and Ministry Of Youth and Information, funded by Spanish contributions. Governance: On Oct 22, the Ministry Of Social Welfare & Guidance (MOSWG), the High Election Committee, and the UNMIS Gender and Election Units organized a one day workshop on the role of women in the upcoming election and women participations the in public work the election. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: On Oct 20, Blue Nile WASH partners in collaboration with UNICEF celebrated the Global Hand Washing Day (GHD). Led by WES and in coordination with the SMoH, SM0E, WVI and Practical Action the event was carry out in 12 basic schools in 6 localities as planned. Returns: The Return Reintegration Task Force (RRTF) requested AHA to assess IDPs from Equatoria living in Blue Nile. According to UNMIS/RRR returns in Blue Nile from 2006 to June 2009 include 35,422 voluntary refugees return from Ethiopia, 18,098 spontaneous IDPs return, 4,293 organized IDPs return, and 20,422 organized refugees return. UPCOMING EVENTS: TRAM mission to Blue Nile early next week 27-29 Federal Council of Minster meeting in Damazine and President of the Republic visit to Blue Nile. The Recovery Forum in Blue Nile State has been re-scheduled for Dec 2009. SOUTHERN KORDOFAN RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT DDR Reintegration Opportunity Mapping: Policy Assessment, Consultancy & Training Firm (PACT) has completed Reintegration Opportunity Mapping survey in South Kordofan State on behalf of JDDRC with support from UNDP. In the study 11 reintegration options were identified, the major ones being agriculture, livestock and trade. Stakeholders defined following conditions: 1. Strong coordination between GOV/UN/NGOS, 2. Government support to projects (free taxes, fees and licence), 3. Environmental protection. UPCOMING EVENTS Post-flood activities 27 October Five +Five meeting with Donors at Khartoum EASTERN STATES KASSALA AND GEDAREF RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT Water, sanitation and Hygiene: On Oct 21-22 UNICEF and State Water Corporations of the three East Sudan States organized a workshop for 30 participants from Kassala, Gedarif and Red Sea States Water to identify challenges and options for overcoming the existing WASH situations in East Sudan in a Seven Year Work Plan. Elections: On Oct 25 the Kassala High Elections Commission in partnership with Delta National NGO organized a two days training course for 66 election constituencies’ supervisors and the registrars of voters. A similar training is planed next week for Halfa Town (150 kilometres south west of Kassala town) next week. RED SEA STATE Upcoming event: NCP External Relations Secretary General, Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail, announced an international conference on the development in East Sudan addressing donors from a number of Gulf States as well as other Islamic organization. The conference is expected to convene in early 2010. DARFUR North (ND) and South (SD) Early Recover Network: Preparations for the ER network in the three Darfur States are ongoing. The BCPR/ER adviser and Inter-Cluster Coordinator are expected next month. Humanitarian Space: Oct 19-21, RCSO held a workshop on Humanitarian Principals & Objectives in Nyala for 25 participants. United Nations Day: On Oct 24 the United Nations family in Darfur celebrated the United Nations Day. Cluster Roll-Out: Rolling out the cluster approach is on-going the Darfurs. Working plans and ToRs of the cluster Food Security & Livelihoods, WASH, Protection, NFI/Shelter, GBV, and Education in North Darfur have been finalized. FAO and WFP launched formally the cluster Food Security and Livelihoods in South Darfur in a workshop. For further HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS in Darfur please refer to OCHA bulletins www.unsudanig.org
SOUTHERN SUDAN CENTRAL EQUATORIA STATE (CES) The overall security situation in CES is relatively clam, except for a murder in Lanya County on Oct 19 and tensions along the river and on Juba – Terekaka Road and Tigor Payam Juba West County due to attacks by Mundari. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Emergency Assessment in Nym and Kuda: On Oct 21 an emergency mission visited Nym and Kuda to assess the immediate humanitarian needs resulting from the reprisal attack on Mundari from Legi and Bari by Mundari from Terekaka. Security levels impede assistance to IDP: Insecurity has hampered the provision of assistance to IDP in Gemaiza and Mangala at Terekeka; Juba-Terekeka road is security level four. New displacements: This week, 468 households (1094 people) were displaced from Legi to Nyamani, numbers reportedly rising The majority of IDPs are children and women, many reportedly victim to rape. Additionally, 290 Bari people were reportedly displaced along the river due a Mundari attack. The SSRRC is conducting the first assessment. EASTERN EQUATORIA STATE (EES) Trans-border tensions: The situation in Nadapal, in Kapoeta South County is worsening. Following attacks involving reportedly Toposa and Kenyan police/army, Kenyan Army and SPLM increased their presence on both sides of the border. JONGLEI STATE (JS) The overall security situation in Jonglei State is tense, and UN Security continues to monitor the situation. Challenges to disarmament: Tribal conflicts surged this year in Jonglei state and more than 1,000 people died since January 2009. Efforts by Jonglei State and GoSS to calm tensions are challenged by civilian armament. Past efforts to disarm civilians by force have resulted in fatalities, however, other disarmament exercises have yet to commence. Students at the Dr. John Garang Institute of Science and Technology in Bor town challenged the UNMIS Human Rights Officers on Saturday in a lecture on protection of basic rights. The students accused the UN of protecting armed civilians by advising GoSS against forceful disarmament. Retaliatory attacks in Pathai, Uror County: UN Security reported that on the evening of Oct 16 at ca. 2100 hrs youths from Duk County attacked the village of Pathai. Allegedly six people were killed, 12 injured, an undisclosed number of cattle stolen and 120 tukuls burned. This was seen as a retaliatory raid on Uror County on Lou Nuer by neighboring Duk Dinka youths for the attacks on Duk Padiet on Sep 20, 2009. The Deputy Governor Hussein Mar Nyuot reported that SPLA forces stationed between the two tribal groups have arrested two raiders and government efforts are continuing to recover cattle looted during the attack in Rolker, Uror County. State Legislative Assembly embarks on peace-building initiatives: On Oct 17, the Speaker of the House reported that Jonglei State Legislative assembly will have “opinion” on how to address those county commissioners allowing crimes with impunity. The Hon. Peter Chol Wal also says plans are underway, with the help of UNMIS, to dispatch parliamentary committees to various counties to embark on comprehensive peace building and foster good neighboring among the tribal communities of the State. According to the Speaker, members of parliament from different constituencies will help identify and apprehend perpetrators of insecurity between or among communities in the State. Cattle raid: On Oct 19 at about 0400hrs, an unspecified number of armed persons suspected to be Murle raided a cattle ranch at Mathiang Boma, Baidit Payam in Bor County taking with them ten cows. The owner of the cattle got wounded and was evacuated to Bor hospital. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Attack in Rolker: During the attack of Oct 16 in Rolker, 10 km southwest of Pathai, MSF-H (who support clinics in Uror County) reported that two "luaks" (household clusters) were burned, leading to six deaths (two male, two female, two children), which corroborates with the seven reported in the security strip. Two people with gunshot wounds were received by MSF-H in Yuai and were transferred to Nassir. To date, there are no reports of IDPs and there is no information to suggest that there are major humanitarian needs. Assessment and monitoring of reported outbreak of Kala-Azar: On Oct 24 the Jonglei State Minister of Health, facilitated by UNDSS, carried out an assessment in Old Fangak where an outbreak of over 200 cases of Kala-Azar was reported. The RCSO and OCHA EP&R will monitor on the situation in the area of Pathai and UNICEF and WHO are monitoring the situation in Old Fangak. NORTHERN BAHR EL GHAZAL STATE (NBEGS) The general security situation in NBeG is relatively calm. According to Maj. Gen. Santino Deng Wol, (the SPLA Commander for 3rd Division at Wunyiik, 30km north Aweil town in NBeG state) forces are being deployed and the SPLA monitors any security breaches along the north south border, given the upcoming grazing season in November, and the open rejection of the PCA ruling by the Misseriya chiefs and traditional leaders, in the Abyei area. The SPLA Commander also stated that the El Fayareen, a sub-group of Misseriya, and Rizeigat who are likely to migrate
to NBeG are committed to following Aweil peace agreement resolutions that prohibit the bearing of arms. Further, Gen. Santino expects that the nomads rarely want to cause conflict as their objective is to graze and water their herd. There is a Peace-Building Conference between Dinka and Rizeigat scheduled for November 09, and grazing relations as well as maintenance of cross-border security are among the issues to be discussed. RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT UNDP budget planning: The UNDP sector work planning workshop in collaboration with the line ministries began w/c 19 October 2009. The RCSO encourages NGO participation in order to avoid gaps and duplication World hand washing Day: To limit cholera out breaks in NBeG, UNICEF, in collaboration with its local partners and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Ministry of Education celebrated the international day of HAND WASHING themed “Children are the agents of change” on Oct 20. More than 1,000 primary and secondary school pupils joined the celebrations. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Returnee Verification Committee meets to discuss challenges: On Oct 23, the Returnee Verification Committee in NBeG recommended that: - SSRRC should be closely supervising enumerators on regular basis in order to check on proper and accurate registration of returnees on the tracking forms. - Registration should be done at payam headquarters in the presence of payam administrators and chiefs. - There should be specific days of tracking returnees at payam headquarters (at least two times in a week) - Verification teams should also endeavour to visit tracking centres once in while to see how enumerators are registering returnees. - Verification teams in the field should conduct thorough investigation to obtain correct and detailed information on every returnee through supportive documents. UNITY STATE (US) Security situation remains calm but unpredictable in Unity State during the reporting week. Civilian disarmament commenced in Bentiu and Rubkona on Oct 21. HUMANITARIAN SITUATION Suspected Meningitis Cases in Mankien: As reported by a disease surveillance team the suspected cases seem to be complicated malaria with persistence fever, pneumonia and respiratory distress but the situation was further complicated with diarrhoea and meningo-encephalitis symptoms with convulsion. The team further reported an urgent need for child immunization since this has not taken place from April 2009 due to inadequate refrigerator system. Suspected Measles Cases in Panyijar County: In Payinjiar, The team diagnosed 13 cases of suspected measles and that they all seemed to have respiratory infections. However, samples of cases were collected and sent to Juba for further laboratory investigation. Suspected Cases of Whooping cough in Guit County: WHO also reported 4 suspected cases of whooping cough in Guit town in Guit County Eastern part of Unity State. A team of surveillance officers will visit the area on Saturday 24 October 2009 to assess the situation. Upcoming event: Oct 27-30: National Immunization Day Campaign UPPER NILE STATE (UNS) General security situation remains calm across the state but unpredictable in Malakal and along the Sobat Corridor. Political differences within the state executive remain the weakest link in the reconciliation efforts by peace actors led by the state South Sudan Peace Commission (SSPC). This week saw series of meetings by the SSPC and other peace actors with the State Governor aimed at a tribal round table dialogue. These efforts have been on-going since the Jan 09 clashes between the Shilluk and the Dinka. The situation in the Sobat corridor remains unpredictable and will be linked to the coming pastoralist migration. Humanitarian Response to Lul West/ Bol and Fangak: Findings from the two humanitarian assessments in Lul west/ Bol and Pangak recommended humanitarian assistance to focus on shelter, fishing equipment and NFIs while encouraging local coping mechanisms for the IDPs in consideration of the causes of the conflicts in Upper Nile State and the unpredictability of the area prior to the upcoming dry season and the elections. WARRAP STATE (WS) The security situation in Warrap State is largely calm and stable during the reporting period.
SSRRC leadership: State coordination is adversely affected by disputes over the leadership of SSRRC in the state. RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT Livelihoods: German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) introduced Livestock Intervention initiatives adopting a model approach through: 1. Constructions of two Slaughter Houses in Kuajok and Tonj Towns, 2. Establishments of Cattle Auction Centres in Kuajok, Warrap and Turalei towns, 3. Establishments of Milk Collection and Processing units in Tonj, Kuajok and Turalei where yoghurt is now locally processed and sold to the citizens in and around these towns, 4. Bee Keeping piloting for honey production in Kuajok and Agugo Village in Tonj South County. School Constructions: The African Mission for Assistance (AMA) reports completion of the construction of four primary schools in Gogrial East County, 2 in Twic and Tonj South Counties. Each school has eight classrooms and an office for teachers; in addition to pit latrines and bore holes constructed with the support of UNICEF. Reintegration of ex-combatants: The Warrap State Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) Office in collaboration with its UN counterpart has completed counselling to reintegrate 25 of 81 demobilized ex-combatants in Kuajok. The 25 counselled ex- combatants were given a reinsertion food package from WFP for 90 days and were invited to report after two months to their respective implementing partners who will offer them different types of trainings for different skills for sustaining their livelihoods. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS IDPS in Rualbet remain in urgent need of humanitarian assistance: Relief has yet to be provided to the estimated number of 6,000 IDPs who were displaced from their homes in Rualbet Payam following the inter-communal fighting in the area early Aug 2009 between the two Dinka clans of Luacjang in Tonj East County and Awan of Rualbet Payam of Tonj North County that resulted in the death of at least 25 people and wounding 17 others. 1,200 NFI kits with each 2 mosquito nets, 2 blankets, and 2 plastic sheets are stored in Warrap Town pending other relief components. Return verification and assessment: A joint UNMIS/RRR, WFP, FAO, IOM, WVS and SSRRC team completed the verification of 90 (24 HHs) spontaneous returnees in Gogrial East County Oct 12-17. The verified returnees were 61 (16 HHs) and 29 (8 HHs) individuals for Pathuon West and Pathuon East Payams respectively. It was observed by the verification team that many of the tracked returnees were either IOM or Government-organized returnees who had actually been assisted before or they were not genuine returnees at all. WESTERN BAHR ELGHAZAL STATE (WBEGS) The general security situation in WBEGS remains relatively calm RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT NGOs bi-weekly information sharing coordination meeting on Oct 22: The meeting requested the SSRRC state Director to contact relevant authorities in Raga County to ease the security clearance burden on the partners when they embark on field visits to monitor activities delivery outside of Raga town. It was suggested to issue a 3 months security clearance for movements to projects sites outside of town. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS WFP plans for early pre-positioning of food in various sites in WBeGS state: WFP implementation of early prepositioning of food for 2010 in the state are ongoing. In the bi-weekly information sharing meeting WFP reported that 700 Mt of assorted food items are planned to be distributed over the current month of October to 84,000 individuals including IDPs, returnees, vulnerable groups and through school feeding programmes throughout 3 Counties of Western Bahr el Ghazal State. WFP also reported that it has also supported last week 38 individual under DDR ongoing programme in Wau town. ESTERN EQUATORIA STATE (EES) Border: The situation in Nadapal, in Kapoeta South County is tense following the attack of a Kenyan police out post on October 16, the SPLA and the Kenyan army has been deployed on both sides of the border. It is reported that the Toposa youth had cautioned the Kenyan government their right to access the grazing areas between Nadapal and Lokichokio. On October 23 Toposa launched another attack on the Kenyan army. As the situation is deteriorating, UNHCR reported that some civilian population moved to Kapoeta from Nadapal to be hosted by relatives in fear to be caught in the fighting. ICRC visited Nadapal and confirmed that the situation was extremely tense. The Kenyans Police is currently providing armed escorts to the civilian vehicles from Lokichokio to Nadapal and SPLA provide armed escorts from Nadapal to Kapoeta. The situation is also tense in Kapoeta, the people are not informed by the government on the situation. RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT
Water and sanitation Sector Meeting: water and sanitation coordination meeting took place on October 22 and 23. It was hold by Ministry of Public Infrastructures in Torit. A lobby group will follow the endorsement of the water and sanitation policy by the State Assembly of EES. Planning: on October 21 to 23 in Torit county commissioner workshop for planning was organised by Ministry of Local Government, in collaboration with UNDP/PGRP, with support from SNV. All commissioners from the 8 counties plus the general Directors of Ministries meet in to formulate 2010 budget planning. The county commissioners were briefed on the line of responsibilities and communication with the line ministries. Budget sector working groups: Ministry of Agriculture and Social development organized a BSWG on October 23 in Torit to finalize their 2010 budget planning. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Protection: In Protection working group organized by UNHCR on October 21 in Torit; a concern was raised regarding legality of detaining persons without charges and requested to payments to be freed. Emergency Preparedness and Response: on October 21 to 23 by SSRRC with the support of OCHA a workshop to build SSRRC capacities at county level was organized in Torit. A contingency plan was drafted for SSRRC at county level. Humanitarian coordination meeting: On October 23 a general humanitarian coordination meeting was hold in Torit, it was decided that the meeting to be held on monthly bases. During the meeting a mapping of the NGO activities was presented. WESTERN EQUATORIA STATE (WES) Night patrols: With effect from Oct 20, SPLA and SSPS commenced night patrols in Yambio. Motor Bikes are expected to stop all movements after 2000 hrs. No curfew is imposed on Yambio. Latest reports on LRA attacks: On Oct 14, two LRA-related incidents occurred in Yambio County. One woman was abducted by LRA at Oze village, about six miles from Yambio, while two women were abducted from Mabia village. On Oct 16, LRA killed two people, one man, and one woman in Namama village, close to Yambio County. However, on same date, Arrow Boys killed 1 LRA man Gangura area of Yambio County. On Oct 18 at about 18:30 hours, 1 LRA woman was captured by the Arrow Boys patrolling at Ue Nakpangau, four miles to Yambio County. The LRA woman, allegedly of the Acholi tribe, is being detained by state authorities. Rumours of LRA presence in Yambio led to local residents evacuating from some parts of Yambio town during the night of Oct 19 October. Analysis of the situation indicates LRA incidents at two-day interval during the last fortnight. RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT Prisons assessments and Police training: From Oct 10 to 14, UNMIS Corrections Unit assessed Mundri West, Maridi, and Ibba County prisons. Detainees are living under appalling conditions, are underfed and lack basic necessities like soap, blankets and mattresses. Allegedly, the local contractor is not supplying goods due to unpaid bills. UNMIS followed up with the state Director of Prisons who in turn promised to seek the Governor’s assistance. Five prison officers from WES completed one week training in Juba on security, while four others are currently training in critical incident and court liaison. Reform and restructuring: UNPOL officers are visiting different co-location sites and working with SSPS on capacity building to increase SSPS policing capacity. HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS Food distribution: A WFP, WVI, UNHCR, and InterSOS convoy travelled to Ezo to complete the food distribution which started last week. WFP began registration of newly arrived IDPs and will continue the process this week, along with the registration of previous IDPs as yet unverified. In Yambio Centre, Diocese of Yambio and Tambura distributed 43.8 MT to 2,705 targeted vulnerable IDPs. Education: WVS facilitated training is ongoing for 14 PTA members from refugee community. School Textbooks as per the DRC curriculum are being procured for a total 224 school children. The construction of 8 classrooms is on hold in Ezo due to insecurity. The construction of Makpandu School is ongoing; one block of 4 classrooms is at foundation level and second block for other 4 classrooms is at slab level. Health: MSF will conduct measles vaccination campaign and nutritional screening assessment. A total of 31 medical cases were referred from Makpandu PHCC to Yambio State hospital under the care of WVS.19 treated and
discharged refugees went back to camp, while two patients are still at the Yambio hospital. MSF-E has identified an urgent need for an ambulance for referral of patients to nearby hospitals in the Nzara County, Sakure areas. NFI distributions: IOM distributed NFI kits to all the newly arrived IDPs which were registered. World Vision completed distribution of NFI kits to all the new refugee arrivals in the camp. Ezo Airstrip Update: Ezo County Commissioner has informed agencies that, a two kilometre strip of land has been cleared for use as an airstrip. There is the need of grader/bulldozer in levelling the land to make proposed airstrip operational for fixed wing aircrafts. Returned children: Since Aug 2009 WES has received 35 (21 Sudanese and 14 Congolese) children who have escaped from LRA, bringing the total number 80. COOPERATION/LIAISON WITH GOVERNMENT RCSO and UNMIS facilitated the travel of the State Governor and State Ministers visit from Yambio to Maridi for official purposes. An UNMIS planning team visited Yambio to support to state authority preparations for CPA Day celebrations planned for 2010.
The RCSO Weekly Report is a consolidation of weekly field reports produced by RCSO field offices, based on information from state level United Nations, NGO and government partners. For further information, please contact Alawiyya Jamal firstname.lastname@example.org (HERR/RCSO Khartoum) or Sandra Kugonsa Isingoma: email@example.com (RCSO Juba). For previous reports, please refer to: http://rco.unsudanig.org/
ABBREVIATIONS: AWD: Acute Water Diarrhoea CHF: Common Humanitarian Fund DG: Director-General EC: European Commission EPI: Endemic Programme of Immunization GBV: gender based violence HAC: Humanitarian Aid Commission NDI: National Democratic Institute for International Affairs POC: Protection of Civilians RIEP: Rapid Impact Emergency Programme
RRR: Return, Reintegration and Recovery SMOA: State Ministry of Agriculture SOME: State Ministry of Education SMOH: State Ministry of Health SRRC: Sudan Recovery and Relief Commission WG: Working Group WES: Water , Environment and Sanitation UNPOL: United Nations Police UNST: UN state team