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					Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development

Repositioning the Rural Transport and Development Agenda
Workshop Report Held on 29 September, 2007 Bronte Hotel, Harare

Compiled by

Tatenda C. Mbara Robert Ziracha Reason Machigere

Table of Contents
Page
Acknowledgement ……………………………………………………………………………. 4 Executive Summary ………………………………………………………………………….. 5 1. 1.1 1.2 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. 3.1 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………. 6 Workshop Objectives and Methodology ……………………………………………. 6 Workshop Participants ………………………………………………………………. 7 Presentations ………………………………………………………………………… 8 Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport & Development: an Overview ……………… 8 Rural Transport in Zimbabwe: a Perspective ………………………………………… 9 Issues for Reflection ……………………………………………………….…………10 Group Work …………………………………………………………………………. 11 Background to Group work …………………………………………………………. 11 Group Presentations …………………………………………………………………. 11 Theme 1: The impact of land reform on rural accessibility …………………………. 12 Theme 2: The impact of increasing transport costs on rural – urban linkages ……… 13 Theme 3: Identifying the current capacity limitations in the transport sector ………. 13 Theme 4: Re-branding the Zimbabwe NFG ………………………………………… 14

4. 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4

Way Forward …………………………………………………………………. 15 Concluding Remarks …………………………………………………………. 16 Remarks By IFRTD Regional Coordinator …………………………………... 16 Remarks by Councilor A. Hativagone ………………………………………... 16 Vote of Thanks by Olivia Mhungu …………………………………………… 17 Closing Remarks by T C Mbara ……………………………………………… 17

Annexes
Annex 1: Annex 2: Annex 3: Annex 4: Annex 5: Workshop Programme List of Participants Presentation on Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport & Development (ZFRTD): an Overview by T Mbara Presentation on Rural Transport in Zimbabwe: a Perspective by R Machigere Presentation on Issues for reflection by R Ziracha

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List of Acronyms
CILT CZI ICTs IFRTD ILO NANGO NFG MDGs NGO RDC WB ZFRTD ZILGA SSATP PTSRP RTTP ZIE ZIRUP ZNCC ZNFG Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries Information and Communication Technologies International Forum for Rural Transport and Development International Labour Organisation National Association of Non-Governmental Organisations National Forum Group Millennium Development Goals Non Governmental Organisation Rural District Council World Bank Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and development Zimbabwe Local Government Association Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Programme Poverty and Transport Strategies Review Process Rural Travel and Transport Programme Zimbabwe Institute of Engineers Zimbabwe Institute for Regional and Urban Planners Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce Zimbabwe National Forum Group

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Acknowledgement
The authors wish to acknowledge with gratitude the assistance given by a number of people and organizations which resulted in the hosting of a successful workshop. The workshop was only made possible by the financial assistance from the International Forum for Rural Transport and Development and their sponsorship is greatly appreciated. The workshop was also graced by Peter Njenga, the coordinator of the Eastern and Southern Africa region and benefited from his contributions in the workshop as well as his advise before and after the workshop proceedings. Stakeholders who attended the workshop amply proved that they were active participants and not mere passive recipients. The constructive and frank views they expressed contributed to a successful workshop. The facilitators’ (Dr E Madzudzo and Engineer T Mdawarima) efforts and seriousness they took in preparing for the workshop were rewarded by the outcome of the workshop. Finally, this acknowledgement would be incomplete if we fail to record our special thanks to Grace Alvera the workshop logistics officer, for taking the verbatim notes as well as for all the other work she performed behind the scenes.

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Executive Summary
The workshop on “Repositioning the Rural Transport and Development Agenda” marks an important event in the history of the Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development as this has given the National Forum Group (NFG) an opportunity to reflect experiences and challenges in the last decade. The workshop was well attended with a wide representation from academics, public and private sectors and non governmental organizations. A third of the participants were women. Participants appreciated the importance of local level planning and how poverty can be alleviated by the implementation of local transport solutions. The scene for the workshop was set by a presentation on an overview of the Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development (ZFRTD). The presentation outlined the traditional thinking on the relationship between transport and development. This was followed by the reasons for the formation of the global network, the International Forum for Rural Transport and Development [IFRTD] and the national networks, NFGs such as ZFRTD which form part of this global network. This was followed by two presentations, one on a perspective of rural transport in Zimbabwe and the other on issues for reflection. The former highlighted stakeholders involved in rural transport issues as well as the challenges that the country has faced while the latter raised some of pertinent issues that arose from the two earlier presentations. An important part of the workshop was the group work. Four themes were examined, namely:     The impact of land reform on rural accessibility The impact of increasing transport costs on rural – urban linkages Identifying the current capacity limitations in the transport sector and Re-branding the Zimbabwe NFG

From group feedback and plenary sessions, the following were some of the issues highlighted for inclusion into the NFG road map:          Development of ZNFG brochure Increased publicity and visibility of the NFG Increased cross-sectoral stakeholder participation with focus on combination of individual and institutional membership Targeting of stakeholders for membership, linking up with former members in the Diaspora and establishing schemes for membership retention Promoting institutional arrangements that support greater participation and representation of women Establishment of ZNFG performance measurement indicators Regular updating of the ZNFG website link to the IFRTD Promotion of the use of non-rural transport interventions, for example harnessing the use of non-renewable sources of energy and information and communication technologies (ICTs) Undertaking research in priority areas, for example, land reform and rural accessibility

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1.
1.1

Introduction
Background to the Workshop

The Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development (ZFRTD) was formed in November 1996 following the second International Forum for Rural Transport and Development (IFRTD) Advisory Committee meeting held in Nairobi on 4 October 1996. It is therefore among the first National Forum Groups (NFGs) to be set up in the Eastern and Southern African Region. To date, there are many NFGs covering four (4) regions, namely, Eastern and Southern Africa, West Africa, Asia and Latin America. Since the setting up of ZFRTD about a decade ago, the thrust of the NFG in terms of its outlook, objectives and activities has basically remained the same. However, there are changes that have taken place in the transport arena. A case in point being the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which have brought the world’s attention to the dire need to fight poverty as evidenced by the overriding objective - “the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger”. Poverty is prevalent in the rural areas of Africa where more than 70 percent of the people live and clearly any meaningful strategies to address poverty have to focus on these areas. Notwithstanding the fact that there was no direct reference to transport in the enunciation of the MDG statement, the implementation of appropriate rural transport infrastructure and services are central to the attainment of the MDGs. With specific reference to Zimbabwe, there are a number of developments which occurred in the last five years with implications on transport. For instance, the land reform programme, which resulted in the re-distribution of land by settling the landless people in previously white owned commercial farms requires a re-examination on the role of transport as there is very limited economic and social infrastructure in these resettlement areas. Other notable issues include the loss of skills in the transport sector and changing travel patterns to rural/urban linkages both resulting from an adverse economic environment. The workshop was therefore held against a backdrop of the changing dynamics in the transport field. In light of such changes, there is need for the NFG to reexamine itself in order to come up with a road map to address current challenges. 1.2 Workshop Objectives and Methodology

The objectives of the workshop were:  For participants to gain a broad appreciation of the problems of rural travel and transport and how accessibility can be enhanced. It must be appreciated that the majority of participants were not conversant with issues of rural travel and transport and therefore it was necessary to provide such a background.

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   

To take stock of the activities and programmes undertaken by the Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development (ZFRTD) in the last 10 years To revisit the original objectives and programme of activities of the ZFRTD and ascertain whether these augur well with the current environment To devise a way re-branding the NFG in order to improve on its identity, visibility and sustainability To identify and prioritise activities that the NFG (NFG) can focus on and undertake in the next 2-3 years.

The methodology adopted for the workshop comprised of presentations, group work and report back sessions and plenary. These are detailed in subsequent sections but the workshop programme is provided in Annex 1. 1.3 Workshop Participants

In order to ensure organizational representativeness and gender balance, the workshop organizers conducted a stakeholder analysis. Twenty seven (27) participants comprising 9 females attended the workshop. These were drawn from a wide spectrum of public and private sector organizations comprising:       Government Ministries and departments Zimbabwe Local Government Association (ZILGA) Rural District Councils (RDCs) Academics and Research Institutes Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) Private Sector

A list of participants and their respective organizations is provided in annex 2.

2.
2.1

Presentations
Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport & Development (ZFRTD): an Overview

A presentation on an overview of the ZFRTD was given by Tatenda Mbara, chairman of the NFG. His presentation was in three broad sections, namely:    A contextual background on how transport and rural development evolved over the years. The birth and role of IFRTD The birth, role and challenges of the ZFRTD

In respect of the contextual background, the presenter started by outlining the traditional thinking on transport which mainly focused on the superiority of motorized road transport. Consequently, massive investment was put in road construction projects 7

leading to a boom in the road building programme of the 1960s’. The traditional thinking was later challenged (Hirshman 1958, Wilson 1965, Owen 1965 and ILO and World Bank studies of the early 1980s) resulting in a change of focus as new evidence on the relationship between transport and rural development came to the fore. The presentation cited the 1970 speech by Robert McNamara in which the problem of poverty was mentioned, the World Bank (WB) 1984 Working Paper which pointed out inter alia a failure to recognize the diversity of demand for transport and a pedantic road orientation in the planning process and the work carried out by ILO in the early 1980s focusing of the rural household as the generator of travel. These findings revealed that travel needs were different from what planners would consider in planning a rural development programme. Rural travel patterns are such that the amount of time and effort spent is very considerable, trips undertaken are short and invariably on foot with a greater burden falling on female member of the household. A holistic approach to rural accessibility is required entailing provision of appropriate means of transport and infrastructure and distribution of services and facilities. The presenter then argued that the formation of the International Forum of Rural Transport and Development (IFRTD) was in response of the disappointing impact of transport investment within rural communities. The broad objective of IFRTD was “to implement rural transport systems which respond to the needs of rural communities” and the main activities identified included; awareness raising, information dissemination, training, development of appropriate planning procedures and conducting pilot projects. The ZFRTD formed in November 1996, is part of a global network comprising NFGs in Eastern and Southern Africa, West Africa, Asia and Latin America. The objectives of the ZFRTD are:    To raise awareness and assist in creating a better understanding of rural and transport issues in rural areas To promote research and disseminate information on rural travel and transport To create a platform for debate and share knowledge and experiences on rural travel and transport

The ZFRTD has for the last 10 years been actively involved in a number of activities either directly as an NFG or indirectly when its members participated in rural transport related projects. The major activities were:     Participation in Advisory Committee Meetings since 1996 Participation in the Rural Transport Study in Three Districts in Zimbabwe between 1996 and 2003 Organising and running a Seminar on “Reducing the Rural Travel burden” held at the University of Zimbabwe in 1999 Conducting a Seminar for Rural District Planners and Project Officers on “Local Level Planning and the Identification of Access Interventions”, held at Chibanguza Hotel, Murewa District in 2000

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         

Conducting a workshop for senior Government officials on Appreciation of the Application of the Integrated Rural Accessibility Planning (IRAP) tool into Local Level Planning in Zimbabwe, held at St Lucia Park in 2001 Conducting a training of trainer’s workshop (jointly with the South African NFG) on Local Level Planning and the Implementation of Access Interventions in Jinja, Uganda in 2001 Conducting research on Women, Gender and Transport which culminated in the publication “Balancing the Load” in 2002. Conducting research on “Enhancing the capacity of civil society to support pro-poor transport policies and programmes in developing countries” in 2005. Conducting research which culminated in the publication “Transport and HIV/AIDS: Understanding the nature of the response in Zimbabwe” in 2004. Conducting research on “Rural hubs and their potential in improving rural transport efficiency and delivery of services” in 2005. Introduction of the Rural travel and transport module at the University of Zimbabwe in 1999 Facilitation and participation at the National Transport Policy (NTP) workshop in 2004 Facilitation and participation at the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Programme (SSATP) Poverty and Transport Strategies Review Process (PTSRP) in 2005 Involvement in teaching a Rural Transport course at the University of Cape Town in 2006 and 2007

Notwithstanding the above achievements, Mr Mbara also pointed out the challenges confronting the ZFRTD which include:       Loss of membership over the years which has threatened the NFG sustainability Lack of commitment as there is no remuneration paid for working for the NFG Inadequate marketing as there are some members registered with the IFRTD and not members of the NFG A general lack of visibility Lack of funding for NFG programmes The need to re-orientate the NFG in order to come up with a well focused and executable programme

The presenter concluded his presentation by highlighting the salient issues. The full presentation is provided in Annex 3. In the ensuing plenary, participants appreciated the work that had been done by the ZFRTD but added that there was a need to invite more people to become members of the Forum. Other suggestions included the need for partnership with women’s organizations and securing civil society support. 2.2 Rural Transport in Zimbabwe: a Perspective

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The scope of rural travel spans rural to urban, inter and intra-rural, down to local level movements at the village level. It involves motorised transport, non-motor transport as well as pedestrian travel. At the local level people travel on foot, away from the formal road network. The common reasons for rural travel are economic or social. Central and local governments travel into and within rural areas either to develop or to strengthen their administrative control of the sub-national level. While some perspectives on rural travel have been clearly articulated, other institutions or organisations find themselves involved directly or indirectly in the area of rural accessibility without an explicitly articulated or stated philosophy. The following organisations have made significant contributions towards rural mobility and accessibility in Zimbabwe:     Rural Local Authorities Central Government NGOs and Donors; and University of Zimbabwe through research, consultancy, studies and training.

So far, the clearly articulated rural development perspectives in Zimbabwe are as follows:        Rural transportation development must be anchored in poverty reduction. An elaborated road network and hierarchy constitute the main pillar for rural transport development. Direct transport interventions are the best way to respond to the known rural transport problems Adoption of local standards for the development of rural travel infrastructure is the most responsive way to develop the rural travel infrastructure Non-transport approaches to rural travel development can be identified Zimbabwe requires a transport policy to guide the development of rural accessibility There is still need for more dialogue and research before the best approaches to rural travel development can be identified Some critics have argued that the rural travel and transport problem is a superfluity which the rural people neither see nor experience.

It is important to acknowledge that motorised transport and non-motor transport both have important roles in rural mobility. Equally, local technologies for rural travel play a key role in rural mobility and accessibility. 2.3 Issues for Reflections

The presentation which focused on key issues that were raised in the preceding presentations and plenary sessions was given by Reason Machigere. The presenter cited the following as key issues that needed reflection as a precursor to group discussions on the identified thematic areas:  Traditionally development actors placed high emphasis on the provision of conventional transport infrastructure and services as opposed to non-conventional 10



 



interventions such as the utilization of intermediate means of transport to enhance efficiency and reduce the transport burden of rural folk at local level Inter and intra travel patterns at village, ward and district level in Zimbabwe have largely not been given priority attention by development planners. For example, although pilot studies had been done and projects implemented in Chipinge, Zaka and Rushinga, these have not been replicated elsewhere There was general a lack of awareness of the rural transport burden especially among women and children in Zimbabwe As part of rural transport burden awareness raising, there was need for increased visibility of the Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development. In addition there was need for building strategic alliances with key stakeholders including relevant government ministries, departments and public enterprises; civil society, donor agencies, and research and academic institutions. Proximity to services, availability, adequacy, quality and affordability were identified as key accessibility challenges. Also identified as necessary intervention to reduce travel burden and enhance mobility of the rural folk was the need for integrated rural planning and development.

The full presentation made by Mr. R. Machigere is provided in Annex 5.

3.
3.1

Group Work
Background to Group work

Participants worked in three discussion groups to tackle the four discussion themes. Each group was assigned one priority theme on which they spent 1 hour and a second theme on which they spent half an hour discussion. All the three groups deliberated on Theme 4. A total of 90 minutes were allocated for group discussions. The themes and group designations are shown hereunder: Theme 1: Theme 2: Theme 3: Theme 4: The impact of land reform on rural accessibility. The impact of increasing transport costs on rural – urban linkages. Identifying the current capacity limitations in the transport sector Re-branding the Zimbabwe NFG Group 2 Theme 4 (45 minutes) Theme 2 (30 minutes) Group 3 Theme 4 (30 minutes) Theme 1 (60 minutes)

Group 1( mainly NFG
Members)

Theme 4 (60 minutes) Theme 3 (30 minutes)

The groups responded to the following guidelines in their discussions for Themes 1 to 3:    What are the main issues in relation to the theme? Identify potential interventions and prioritise them. Identify knowledge gaps for further dialogue, research, consultations, etc

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For Theme 4, the groups were guided by the following questions:       How can the Zimbabwe NFG increase its visibility and identify? How can participation and sustainability be achieved? How relevant is the Zimbabwe NFG within the current national environment? Does the Zimbabwe NFG have the right tools and resources (time, commitment, knowledge, etc) What are the priority programs/projects that the Zimbabwe NFG can implement in next 2-3 years? Will it be beneficial for the Zimbabwe NFG to have institutional membership in addition to the individual membership? Group Presentations

3.2

Each group made two presentations in plenary, the first one focusing on their assigned priority theme and the second one to give feedback on their second theme. The group’s reports are summarized as below: 3.2.1 THEME 1: Impact of Land Reform on Rural Accessibility The main issues identified were as follows:        Land Reform started in 1980. During the first two decades to 2000, the Government managed to provide motorable transport infrastructure and rural facilities to the resettled areas. The accelerated fast track land reform program since 2000 out-weighed Government space and capacity to plan and implement rural access infrastructure and facilities. Existing organised rural transport services were disrupted e.g. routing services to school and town provided by previous farm owners or the public transport services that have since been overstretched due to the new settlement patterns. Rural transport infrastructure quality has declined and the maintenance has become costly, hence unaffordable to fiscus. There is notable inadequacy of intermediate means of transport (IMTs) in the resettlement areas There are inadequate rural facilities like schools, clinics, dips tanks, grinding mills and shops. The current fuel shortage has compounded the transport situation in rural areas.

Potential Interventions identified were:    Promotion of renewable technologies to address accessibility difficulties associated with firewood, electricity and motor transport for long journeys Use of labour based approaches for implementation of new infrastructure and the maintenance of old infrastructure Use of mobile services e.g. mobile clinics, grocery hawkers, banking etc

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

Accelerating the provision of land use planning services to the new settlement areas.

The following were identified as knowledge gaps:      Limited research in alternative energy sources Need baseline surveys on level of access to IMTs. Grassroots training for community transformation to overcome cultural barriers Need for national policy on IMTs and RTI Need up dated data on population distribution within the newly settled areas.

THEME 3.2.2: Impact of Transport Costs on Rural Urban Linkages Main issues identified were:      Negative impact on family unit where spouses stay apart as visiting has become less frequent due to expensive and unreliable rural transport services. Equally so for the extended family Impact on funerals. It is now costly to transport someone for a decent rural burial Overloading of the limited available transport either to cut costs or due to high demand. This sometimes results in high casualty accidents Poorly maintained fleet due to high cost and the unviable controlled fare levels Transport costs are negatively affecting agricultural produce e.g. costly to source inputs or transport produce to the market. Sometimes produce quality deteriorates while enroute due to delays arising from the inadequacy of transport or farm produce is highly priced in order to off-set the high transportation costs Women are marginalised as they have to scramble for the limited transport, in competition with men Ripple effects of expensive and inadequate transport – corruption, bribery, stampeding and extortion

 

Potential interventions identified were: .  Need to improve access to ICT in order to reduce transport demand. THEME 3.2.3: Capacity limitations in the transport sector Main issues identified were:    Capacity decline in the sector includes decline in professionals, resources, equipment and fleet The main cause for capacity decline is the sector is the current economic down turn There is little implementation of adopted transportation development programs

Potential interventions identified were:

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  

Stepping up dialogue and interaction with the relevant institutions Giving support through research and studies Coming up with a database and skills profile for the transport sector expertise.

3.2.4 THEME 4: Re-branding the Zimbabwe NFG
How can the Zimbabwe NFG increase its visibility and identify?

   


Publicity Inviting media to NFG functions Regular NFG meetings Increase membership Outreach programs to rural areas especially targeting the RDCs.

How can participation and sustainability be achieved?

    


Widen membership Institutional membership for stability and guaranteed representation and synergies in implementing programs Generate own revenue Increase gender based participation. Partnership with influential persons and organizations Involve key stakeholders in NFG activity e.g bus operators.

How relevant is the Zimbabwe NFG within the current national environment?

The NFG is relevant but there need to:    Increase focus on poverty reduction and land reform Conduct community education and Dialoguing with policy making

Does the Zimbabwe NFG have the right tools and resources (time, commitment, knowledge, etc)    Zimbabwe NFG has the skills base adequate for the NFG mandate NFG has weak membership base NFG is weakly funded.

What are the priority programs/projects that the Zimbabwe NFG can implement in next 2-3 years?    Developing a Zimbabwe NFG brochure Adoption of user friendly name and logo Building partnerships

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

Undertake key studies e.g. impact of land reform on rural accessibility and rural urban linkages Regularly up dating the NFG website.

Will it be beneficial for the Zimbabwe NFG to have institutional membership in addition to the individual membership? Institutional membership was hailed as it offers the following advantages:     Stability Widening representation Synergies in undertaking research and dissemination workshops and therefore funding Facilitates policy dialogue

4.

Way Forward

In the plenary, the workshop participants unanimously agreed that the programmes and activities of the Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport and Development (ZFRTD) are relevant to part realization of Zimbabwe’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). They noted with great expectations the need to strengthen and reposition the NFG. This could be achieved through among other initiatives the following:             Development of ZNFG brochure Increased publicity and visibility of the NFG Rebranding - revisiting the constitution, logo, vision and forum name {which was a mouthful) Rationalizing the institutional framework through among other things establishing active committees in the main publicity and outreach, and fund raising; and establishing permanent offices, secretariat and subcommittees Increased cross-sectoral stakeholder participation with focus on combination of individual and institutional membership Targeting of stakeholders for membership, linking up with former members in the Diaspora and establishing schemes for membership retention Promoting institutional arrangements that support greater participation and representation of women Affiliation to local, regional and international institutions, for example ZIE, CITL, NANGO, CZI, ZNCC, ZIRUP, PIRAC Establishment of ZNFG performance measurement indicators Regular updating of the ZNFG website link to the IFRTD Promotion of the use of non-rural transport interventions, for example harnessing the use of non-renewable sources of energy and information and communication technologies (ICTs) Forging strategic partnerships

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



Undertaking research in priority areas, for example, land reform and rural transport gaps/challenges, community safety promotion e.g. along major highways and navigable rivers, dams and lakes (e.g. lower Zambezi river around Kanyemba communal area) The NFG to devise mechanisms for funding raising locally, for example, introduction of membership fees.

5.
5.1

Concluding Remarks
Remarks By IFRTD Regional

Peter Njenga, the International Forum for Rural Transport and Development (IFRTD) Regional Coordinator for Southern and East Africa cited that the ZFRTD was one of the oldest networks affiliated to the IFRTD in Africa. Peter thanked the ZFRTD for organizing the workshop and noted that despite short-notice invitations to participants the workshop managed to attract a diversity of stakeholders including representatives from civil society, local government, government ministries and departments. Also striking was gender-balanced representation at the workshop. Peter further noted that the wide stakeholder base greatly helped in enriching the discussions that were provoked by plenary discussions, which followed paper and group presentations. He also thanked the participants for the richness of their contributions. Concerning capacity strengthening of the NFG Peter underscored the following key issues:  The need for the Forum to establish robust national networks whose short, medium and long term development priorities are underpinned by the dynamics and realities obtaining in the country. These priority action plans/programmes would need to be given space on the national development agenda. Need for clear vision, mission and values and key issues that the Forum should tackle. Need for the Forum to forge increased alliances and partnerships especially at national level, for example with Practical Action, the Zimbabwe Local Government Association (ZILGA) and the Rural Travel and Transport Programme (RTTP). Need for the development of an accurate national database of ZNFG membership which may be uploaded onto the IFRTD. There was need for the Forum to identify and develop potential revenue streams to augment programme funding from international cooperating partners.

   

Peter also underscored the need for regular consultations as well as for increased membership. Participants were informed about the merits of joining the international forum which included regular receipt of IFRTD monthly bulletins. 5.2 Remarks by Councilor A. Hativagone, Vice-Chairperson for the Chegutu Rural District Council,

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Councilor Hativagone expressed her deep appreciation for being invited to participate at the workshop. She hinted that she found key issues that were raised during the one-day workshop informative and relevant. The Councilor also implored the Forum to work hand-in-glove with relevant government ministries, departments and Rural District Councils (RDCs). This she noted was against the background of the relevance of Forum’s activities in poverty reduction. She also made reference to the catalytic role played by rural transport in promoting rural development. In her concluding remarks Councilor Hativagone expressed the desire to participate at future workshops. She looked forward to her name being fed on to the database for both the local and international rural transport network. 5.3 Vote of Thanks by Olivia Mhungu - Participants Representative

One behalf the participants, Olivia expressed great appreciation to the IFRTD, ZFRTD and the facilitators for organizing and convening a workshop, which in her view helped the participants to gain and share knowledge about rural transport burden especially placed on vulnerable groups such as women and children. She assured the IFRTD Regional Coordinator for Southern and East Africa that as participants they looked forward to joining and actively participating in the local network. Olivia wished all the workshop participants and workshop organizers safe journeys to their respective workstations. 5.4 Closing Remarks by ZFRTD Chairman, T. C. Mbara

On behalf of the ZFRTD, Mr. Mbara noted with great appreciation funding for the workshop that was extended to the Forum by the IFRTD. He cited that had the mother body not extended funding, it would not have been possible for the NFG to host the oneday workshop. He highly expressed satisfaction with the workshop proceedings. The Regional Coordinator, Peter Njenga, workshop core-facilitators Dr. E. Madzudzo and Eng. T. Mdawarima and all the participants were thanked for the respective roles they played that made the workshop successful. Mr. Mbara took the opportunity to invite prospective ZFRTD membership from the participants. He advised that the draft workshop report and action plan would be forwarded to all the participants for their comments. He also indicated that the NFG would be calling upon the participants and other stakeholders to provide their inputs pertaining to the development of a road map for the local rural transport network.

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Annex 1: Workshop Programme
Time 0800 – 0830 0830 – 0845 0845 – 0855 0855 – 0945 0945 – 1000 1000 – 1015 1015 – 1045 1045 – 1100 1100 – 1130 1130 – 1300 1000 – 1400 1400 – 1500 1500 – 1515 1515 –1616 1615 – 1630 1630 – 1640 1640 – 1645 Activity Registration Introductions Workshop Objectives Overview of the ZFRTD Plenary Tea/coffee break Rural Transport in Zimbabwe: a Perspective Plenary Issues for Reflection Group Work Lunch Report Back – Themes 1-3 Tea/coffee break Report back – Theme 4 Observations/comments by Regional Coordinator Vote of thanks Closing Remarks P Njenga A Hativagone (Mrs) and Olivia Mhungu T Mbara Facilitator R Ziracha Facilitator R Machigere Facilitator Presenter/Presided by Logistics Officer Facilitator T Mbara T Mbara Facilitator

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Annex 2 Workshop Participants
NAME
1 Mr J M Madya 2 Mr C Hama 3 Ms E Dongijena 4 Mr R Mozhenty 5 Dr E Madzudo 6 Mr J Chaeruka 7 Mr E Mazhindu 8 Mr R Mucheche 9 Miss O Mhungu 10 Mr C Mutami 11 Miss L Maunganidze 12 Mrs Grace Musarurwa 13 Mrs B Masimbira 14 T Mbara 15 Mr Robert Ziracha 16 Mr R Machigere 17 Mr Peter Njenga 18 Mr T Mdawarima 19 Miss G Alvera 20 Mr A T Murape 21 Ms C Shoniwa 22 A D Mhlanga 23 D Chingozho 24 O Makunde 25 Mc C Phiri 26 Duke Peacemaker 27 Cllr Adrey Hativagone

ORGANISATION ADDRESS1
Ministry of Transport P O Box 3283, Harare Ministry of Transport P O Box CY 595, Causeway Ministry of Transport P O Box CY 595, Causeway ZILGA, UZ – RUP UZ – RUP UZ – RUP UZ – RUP UZ – RUP UZ – RUP UZ – RUP Practical Action BS Consultants ZNFG (UZ) ZFRTD (DPP) ZFRTD (SIRDC) IFRTD SSATP Facilitation ZUPCO SIRDC Ministry of Rural Housing Superior Car Rental Ministry of Women Affairs Ministry of Women Affairs DPP Chegutu Rural District Council P O Box CY 968, Causeway P O Box 6640, Harare 314 ???, Nairobi, Kenya P O Box CY 595, Causeway P O Box CY 38, Causeway P O Box 109, Belvedere P O Box 6640, Harare 6th Fl. Kaguvi Bldg, Central Avenue 2847 New Bluff, Westgate 20th Fl. Mukwati Bldg, Livingstone Ave 86 Selous Avenue UZ, P O Box MP 167,Mt. Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant UZ, P O Box MP 167. Mt Pleasant 4 Ludlow Road, Newlands 46B Central Avenue, Harare

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Annex 3 Zimbabwe Forum for Rural Transport & Development (ZFRTD): an Overview

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Annex 4 Rural Transport in Zimbabwe: a Perspective

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Annex 6 Issues for Reflection

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