Barack Obama's Cairo speech by eg1pt23

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                                        1st semester 2009 Current Affairs

 Barack Obama's Cairo speech
 President Obama pledges a new beginning between the US and Muslims around the world
A. For paragraphs # 1-4, provide the missing prepositions in each of the blank spaces
1. I am honoured to be ________ the timeless city ________ Cairo, and to be hosted ________ two remarkable
   institutions. ________ over a thousand years, al-Azhar has stood ________ a beacon ________ Islamic learning,
   and ________ over a century, Cairo University has been a source ________ Egypt's advancement. Together, you
   represent the harmony ________ tradition and progress. I am grateful ________ your hospitality, and the
   hospitality ________the people ________ Egypt. I am also proud to carry ________ me the goodwill
   ________the American people, and a greeting ________peace ________ Muslim communities ________ my
   country: assalaamu alaykum.
2. We meet ________ a time ________ tension ________ the United States and Muslims ________ the world –
   tension rooted ________ historical forces that go ________ any current policy debate. The relationship
   ________ Islam and the west includes centuries ________co-existence and co-operation, but also conflict and
   religious wars. More recently, tension has been fed ________ colonialism that denied rights and opportunities
   ________ many Muslims, and a cold war ________ which Muslim-majority countries were too often treated
   ________ proxies without regard ________ their own aspirations. Moreover, the sweeping change brought
   ________ modernity and globalisation led many Muslims to view the west ________ hostile ________ the
   traditions of Islam.
3. Violent extremists have exploited these tensions ________ a small but potent minority ________ Muslims. The
   attacks ________ September 11 2001 and the continued efforts ________ these extremists ________ engage
   ________ violence against civilians has led some ________ my country to view Islam as inevitably hostile not
   only ________ America and western countries, but also ________ human rights. This has bred more fear and
   mistrust.
4. So long ________ our relationship is defined ________ our differences, we will empower those who sow hatred
   rather than peace, and who promote conflict rather than the co-operation that can help all of our people achieve
   justice and prosperity. This cycle ________ suspicion and discord must end.
 B. For paragraphs # 5-8, provide an article (a/an/the) in the blanks where one is needed.
5. I have come ___ here to seek ___ new beginning between ___ United States and ___ Muslims around ___
   world; one based upon ___ mutual interest and ___ mutual respect; and one based upon ___ truth that ___
   America and ___ Islam are not exclusive, and need not be in ___ competition. Instead, they overlap, and share
   ___ common principles – principles of ___ justice and ___ progress; ___ tolerance and ___ dignity of all human
   beings.
6. I do so recognising that ___ change cannot happen overnight. No single speech can eradicate ___ years of
   mistrust, nor can I answer in ___ time that I have all ___ complex questions that brought us to this point. But I
   am convinced that in order to move forward, we must say openly ___ things we hold in our hearts, and that too
   often are said only behind ___ closed doors. There must be ___ sustained effort to listen to each other; to learn
   from each other; to respect one another; and to seek ___ common ground. As ___ Holy Koran tells us: "Be
   conscious of ___ God and speak always ___ truth." That is what I will try to do – to speak ___ truth as best I
   can, humbled by ___ task before us, and firm in my belief that ___ interests we share as ___ human beings are
   far more powerful than ___ forces that drive us apart.
7. Part of this conviction is rooted in my own experience. I am ___ Christian, but my father came from ___ Kenyan
   family that includes generations of ___ Muslims. As ___ boy, I spent several years in ___ Indonesia and heard
   ___ call of the azaan [the Muslim call to prayer] at ___ break of ___ dawn and ___ fall of ___ dusk. As ___
   young man, I worked in Chicago communities where many found ___ dignity and ___ peace in their Muslim
   faith.
8. As ___ student of ___ history, I also know civilization's debt to ___ Islam. It was ___ Islam – at places like al-
   Azhar University – that carried ___ light of learning through so many centuries, paving ___ way for Europe's
    Renaissance and ___ Enlightenment. It was innovation in ___ Muslim communities that developed ___ order of
    ___ algebra; our magnetic compass and ___ tools of navigation; our mastery of ___ pens and ___ printing; our
    understanding of how ___ disease spreads and how it can be healed. ___ Islamic culture has given us majestic
    arches and soaring spires; timeless poetry and cherished music; elegant calligraphy and places of peaceful
    contemplation. And throughout ___ history, ___ Islam has demonstrated through ___ words and ___ deeds the
    possibilities of ___ religious tolerance and ___ racial equality.
 C. For paragraphs # 9-12, decide if the Past Simple or Present Perfect forms of the verbs in brackets are required.
9. I know, too, that Islam ____________________ (be-always) a part of America's story. The first nation to
   recognise my country ____________________ (was) Morocco. In signing the Treaty of Tripoli in 1796, our
   second President John Adams ____________________ (write): "The United States has in itself no character of
   enmity against the laws, religion or tranquillity of Muslims." And since our founding, American Muslims
   ____________________ (enrich) the United States. They ____________________ (fight) in our wars,
   ____________________ (serve) in government, ____________________ (stand) for civil rights,
   ____________________ (start) businesses, ____________________ (teach) at our universities,
   ____________________(excel) in our sports arenas, ____________________(win) Nobel prizes,
   ____________________(build) our tallest building, and ____________________(light) the Olympic torch. And
   when the first Muslim-American ____________________ (be) recently elected to Congress, he
   ____________________ (take) the oath to defend our constitution using the same Holy Koran that one of our
   founding fathers – Thomas Jefferson – ____________________(keep) in his personal library.
10. So I ____________________ (know) Islam on three continents before coming to the region where it was first
    ____________________(reveal). That experience guides my conviction that partnership between America and
    Islam must be based on what Islam is, not what it isn't. And I consider it part of my responsibility as president of
    the United States to fight against negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear.
11. But that same principle must apply to Muslim perceptions of America. Just as Muslims do not fit a crude
    stereotype, America is not the crude stereotype of a self-interested empire. The United States
    ____________________ (be) one of the greatest sources of progress that the world ____________________
    (ever – know). We ____________________ (be) born out of revolution against an empire. We
    ____________________ (be) founded upon the ideal that all are created equal, and we ____________________
    (shed) blood and struggled for centuries to give meaning to those words – within our borders, and around the
    world. We are shaped by every culture, drawn from every end of the Earth, and dedicated to a simple concept: E
    pluribus unum – "Out of many, one."
12. Much ____________________ (make) of the fact that an African-American with the name Barack Hussein
    Obama could be elected president. But my personal story is not so unique. The dream of opportunity for all
    people ____________________ (not – come) true for everyone in America, but its promise exists for all who
    come to our shores – that includes nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today who enjoy incomes
    and education that are higher than average.
 D. For paragraphs # 13-14, provide the missing words/phrases from the box below. There are TWO extra words you’ll not
     need to use:
            So         Moreover         Notwithstanding          And         That is why (x2)         Insofar as


13. ____________________, freedom in America is indivisible from the freedom to practise one's religion.
    ____________________there is a mosque in every state of our union, and over 1,200 mosques within our
    borders. ____________________ the US government has gone to court to protect the right of women and girls
    to wear the hijab, and to punish those who would deny it.

14. ____________________ let there be no doubt: Islam is a part of America. ____________________ I believe
    that America holds within her the truth that regardless of race, religion, or station in life, all of us share common
    aspirations – to live in peace and security; to get an education and to work with dignity; to love our families, our
    communities, and our God. These things we share. This is the hope of all humanity.

 To read the full speech go to http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jun/04/barack-obama-keynote-speech-egypt

								
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