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					       Preliminary Draft Submittal to WSF - July 5, 2011

  1    Chapter 760                                                                    Site Utilities

  2    760.01    General
  3    760.02    References
  4    760.03    General Design Considerations
  5    760.04    Potable Water
  6    760.05    Fire Protection
  7    760.06    Sewer
  8    760.07    Stormwater
  9    760.08    Natural Gas
 10    760.09    Site Power
 11    760.10    Sight Lighting
 12    760.11    Communications
 13    760.12    Security

 14    760.01           General
 15    This chapter provides guidelines for the types of utilities to be provided at the terminals. For
 16    vessel utility requirements, refer to Chapter 330 (Marine). This chapter does not address utility
 17    routing across specific terminal elements. For information on utility routing, refer to Chapter 800
 18    (Trestle), Chapter 810 (Vehicle Transfer Span), and Chapter 820 (Passenger Overhead Loading).
 19    For additional information related to site utilities refer to the following chapters:
 20    Chapter          Subject
 21    200              Capital Project Scoping
 22    310              Security
 23    320              Environmental
 24    330              Marine
 25    340              Civil
 26    400              Circulation and Passenger Waiting
 27    420              Building Signage and Wayfinding
 28    780              Sustainability/Low Impact Development
 29    800              Trestle
 30    810              Vehicle Transfer Span
 31    820              Passenger Overhead Loading

 32    760.02           References
 33    Unless otherwise noted, any code, standard, or other publication referenced herein refers to the
 34    latest edition of said document.

 35    (1)      Federal/State Laws and Codes
 36    (2)      Design Guidance
 37    Design Manual, M 22-01, WSDOT
 38    Developer Standards and Gas Service Handbook for Commercial, Industrial & Multifamily
 39    Developments, Puget Sound Energy. (Form 2772, Rev. 6 2006)

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 40      Highway Runoff Manual, M31-16, WSDOT
 41      Hydraulics Manual, M23-03, WSDOT
 42      Puget Sound Action Team LID Technical Guidance Manual for Puget Sound
 43      Standard Plans, M 21-01, WSDOT
 44      Standard Specifications, M41-10, WSDOT
 45      Stormwater Management Manual for Western Washington (SWMMWW), Washington State
 46      Department of Ecology
 47      Utilities Manual, M 22-87, WSDOT

 48      (3)     Supporting Information
 49      WSDOT Ferries Division. 2007. Mukilteo Multimodal Ferry Terminal Civil Design Criteria
 50      Technical Memorandum, Washington State Department of Transportation, Seattle, WA.

 51      760.03           General Design Considerations
 52      (1)     Environmental
 53      Refer to Chapter 320 (Environmental) for general environmental requirements and design
 54      guidance. Refer to the project EIS for project-specific environmental impacts and mitigation.

 55      (2)     Utility Coordination Meetings
 56      Hold utility coordination meetings with local utility companies and utility districts early in the
 57      design process and throughout design. Coordination meetings serve to identify the applicable
 58      utility requirements and standards for areas outside WSDOT jurisdiction. These meetings also
 59      serve to identify the availability of existing utilities for connection purposes, identify potential
 60      utility conflicts, and help mitigate the risk involved during construction.

 61      (3)     Existing Utilities
 62      Obtain as-built utility drawings from local utility providers and from WSF record drawings. WSF
 63      record drawings are available through the WSF librarian. Note the datum for all information
 64      obtained from as-built drawings. Convert all reference data to the Project Datum prior to use.
 65      Refer to Chapter 200 (Capital Project Scoping) for a list of major utilities in the vicinity of
 66      existing WSF terminals of which the designer should take special note when designing terminal
 67      improvements and modifications in the area. This utility list is not all inclusive but is provided to
 68      make the designer aware of major utilities which could impact design and construction and may
 69      otherwise go unnoticed.

 70      (4)     Utility Restoration
 71      Design road restoration resulting from utility work to WSDOT Standards or local municipality
 72      standards, whichever is more stringent.

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 73    760.04             Potable Water
 74    (1)        General
 75    Provide potable water service to the following ferry terminal destinations as required:
 76       Domestic water service to the Passenger Building
 77       Domestic water service to the Terminal Supervisor Building
 78       Domestic water service to the WSF vessel slips.
 79       Domestic water service to hose bibs on the trestle and across the site
 80       Irrigation water service to planting areas
 81    The WSF Maintenance Department maintains a spreadsheet containing existing water line sizes
 82    for each terminal at the following locations: city meter, on dock, on transfer span, at vessel. See
 83    hyperlink below:
 84    <Provide link to Tom Castor’s Water and Sewer Connection Spreadsheet>

 85    (2)        Design Parameters
 86    (a) Domestic Water System

 87           Supply domestic water to buildings, vessels, and hose bibs. Service the trestle with a
 88           distribution main. From the distribution main, extend a service lateral to each slip. Provide
 89           hose bibs on the trestle, typically along the trestle railing. Refer to Chapter 800 (Trestle) for
 90           utility routing on the trestle.
 91           The domestic water lateral will require a meter to be placed near the connection with the
 92           right-of-way and a reduced pressure double check valve backflow prevention assembly,
 93           housed in insulated aluminum enclosure, where deemed appropriate. In addition to the
 94           reduced pressure device required for the domestic service lateral, double check backflow
 95           prevention assemblies will be provided at each service to the slips and possibly in the
 96           building mechanical room(s).
 97    (b) Local Water District

 98           Water district standards apply to improvements outside the WSF property limits and govern
 99           the design of improvements within State and City Right of Way.
100           The water district will require minimum depths of cover for buried water main facilities.
101           Refer to the applicable water district standards for cover depths outside of the WSF right-of-
102           way. For utility cover depths within the WSF right-of-way, refer to the WSDOT Utilities
103           Manual.
104    (c) Thrust Blocking, Pipe Supports and Flexible Hose

105           Provide thrust blocking via pipe supports at all above-ground pipe bends. Install pipe
106           supports to provide rigid support to piping both vertically and horizontally. Use special
107           flexible hose where the force main transitions between the fixed pier and the movable transfer
108           span.

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109      (3)         Material Selection
110      Design all materials to meet the requirements of the WSDOT Standard Specifications and the
111      local water district standards, or whichever is more stringent and more appropriate. Additional
112      material considerations are as follows:
113          Provide freeze valves for above-ground water main and distribution piping.
114          Provide a reduced pressure double check valve backflow prevention assembly for each lateral
115           serving the site.
116          Confine double check valve backflow prevention assemblies in an insulated aluminum
117           enclosure per water district criteria.
118          Provide combination air and vacuum release assemblies per water district standards.
119          Provide gate valves, blow off assemblies, pressure-reducing valves, and other appurtenances
120           per water district criteria.
121          Provide seamless galvanized steel pipe for all above-ground water piping situated within the
122           footprint of the trestle.
123      Refer to Chapter 810 (Vehicle Transfer Span) for water line criteria at the vehicle transfer span.

124      (4)         Permits and Approvals
125      The design of the water system must be approved by the local water district.
126      Below is a list of permits and approvals which may be necessary for water system improvements.
127          Building Permit, administered by local municipality
128          Shoreline Development Permit, administered by local municipality

129      760.05              Fire Protection
130      (1)         General
131      Provide fire water service to terminals for site and building fire protection facilities, including fire
132      hydrants and building sprinkler systems. Provide the following fire water service for the terminal:
133          Fire water service to the passenger building sprinkler system
134          Fire water service to the terminal supervisors building sprinkler system
135          Fire water service to sprinkler system under passenger OHL, if required by Fire Chief (?)
136          Fire water service to upland fire hydrants

137      (2)         Design Parameters
138      (a) Coordination with Fire Chief and Water District

139              Schedule a coordination meeting between the local Fire Chief, water district, WSF, and the
140              design team to coordinate fire protection needs. The meeting will help to clarify fire flow
141              requirements, hydrant locations and spacing, and fire access requirements
142              Confirm the following:
143                 Fire flow requirements (gallons per minute)

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144              Fire flow provided by each hydrant
145              Maximum distance between hydrants
146              Hydrant setbacks
147              Hydrant clear zones
148              Hydrant requirements for trestle
149              Fire lane access requirements
150              Locations requiring medical aid access
151              Locations requiring ladder truck access
152              Lane width requirements for ladder truck
153              Turning radii requirements for ladder truck
154              Horizontal and vertical clearance requirements for ladder truck
155    (b) Fire Flow Calculations

156           Consult the local water district for available water pressure information and fire flow
157           requirements. The gross square footage of structure to be used in the fire flow calculations
158           includes any enclosed conditioned areas of the overhead walkway and/or the storage spaces
159           under the walkway. Any portion of the overhead walkway and dock area that is not enclosed
160           does not need to be included in the calculation.

161    (3)        Material Selection
162    All materials will meet the requirements of the WSDOT Standard Specifications and the local
163    water district standards.

164    (4)        Permits and Approvals
165    Below is a list of permits and approvals which may be necessary for water system improvements.
166       Building Permit, administered by local municipality
167       Shoreline Development Permit, administered by local municipality.

168    760.06             Sewer
169    (1)        General
170    Provide sanitary sewer service to terminals, including a force main for vessel pump-off from each
171    slip at terminals where vessel pump-off is required. Exhibit 760-1 indicates which terminals
172    accommodate vessel pump-off. Route the force main(s) to a manhole connected to a gravity
173    system. Provide service lines from the gravity system to the Passenger Building and Terminal
174    Supervisor Building.

                                             Sewer                                      Sewer
                        Terminal                                  Terminal
                                            Pump-out                                   Pump-out
                        Anacortes                 X                Mukilteo                X
                    Bainbridge Island                               Orcas

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                         Bremerton                               Point Defiance                X
                             Clinton                             Port Townsend                 X
                         Coupeville                                    Seattle                 X
                          Edmonds                 X                     Shaw
                         Fauntleroy               X                   Southworth
                        Friday Harbor             X                   Tahlequah
                          Kingston                                     Vashon                  X

175                                Sanitary Sewer Service at Existing Terminals
176                                                   Exhibit 760-1

177      All sanitary sewer improvements outside WSF property boundaries will be owned and maintained
178      by the local sewer district and will require design approval from that district. Use the local sewer
179      district design standards for sanitary sewer facilities to be owned and maintained by the sewer
180      district. Implement sewer district standards, wherever feasible, for sanitary sewer appurtenances
181      that lie within the WSF property boundaries. Keep all existing live sewers (including septic tanks
182      and drain fields) in service at all times.
183      Refer to Chapter 810 (Vehicle Transfer Span) for sewer line criteria at the vehicle transfer span.

184      (2)        Design Parameters
185      Design sanitary sewer force mains to match the flow and pressure regime of existing and future
186      WSF vessel pumps. Refer to Exhibit 760-2 for maximum vessel pump-off rates. Simultaneous
187      pump-off from multiple vessels is not a design requirement.
188      Design for use of a flexible hose and rotary joint in locations where the force main transitions
189      between the trestle and the movable transfer span. Include a ball valve placed at the pump
190      connection at the lower end of each vehicle transfer span.
191      Conduct a hydraulic analysis to validate the performance of the slip force mains. Base the design
192      on maximum and minimum flow velocities of 8 fps and 2.5 fps, respectively. The minimum flow
193      velocity has been set in order to avoid excessive increases in the hydrogen sulfide concentration
194      within the force main. Use a 300 gpm vessel pump-off rate, assumed to occur during off-peak
195      hours, for design.

                  Vessel Class            Tank Capacity          Number of Pumps          Max Pump-off Rate
                 Jumbo Mark II              20,000 gal.                    4                   300 gpm
                     Jumbo                  20,000 gal.                    4                   300 gpm
                     Super                  10,400 gal.                    2                   300 gpm
                    Issaquah                14,000 gal.                    2                   300 gpm
                      New                   16,000 gal.                    2                   300 gpm
                 Evergreen State            10,900 gal.                    2                 200-300 gpm

196                                Vessel Sanitary Capacity and Discharge Rates

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197                                                  Exhibit 760-2

198    Design gravity sanitary sewers to accommodate the 300 gpm vessel pump-off, combined with
199    peak flows generated by the Terminal Supervisors and Passenger Buildings. Provide thrust
200    blocking at all force main pipe bends by means of pipe supports and restrained joints. Install pipe
201    supports to provide rigid support to piping both vertically and horizontally. Provide cleanout
202    assemblies for access and cleaning,
203    Consult the local sewer district for additional development standards that apply to sanitary sewer
204    improvements outside the WSF project site.

205    (3)        Material Selection
206    All materials will meet the requirements of the WSDOT Standard Specifications for sanitary
207    sewers and the local sewer district.
208    Use schedule 80 PVC or ductile iron sanitary sewer pipe for all above-ground force main piping.
209    Provide insulation and heat tracing. [confirm]

210    (4)        Permits and Approvals
211    Below is a list of permits and approvals which may be necessary for sanitary sewer system
212    improvements.
213       Building Permit, administered by local municipality
214       Shoreline Development Permit, administered by local municipality

215    760.07             Stormwater
216    (1)        General
217    Design storm drainage to collect, convey, treat, and discharge stormwater in accordance with
218    WSDOT and DOE regulations. The stormwater system may consist of both natural and
219    constructed facilities to provide for the conveyance and treatment of stormwater. Evaluate
220    stormwater conveyance and treatment methods for each terminal individually and select based on
221    site parameters. Design conveyance systems for the 25-year storm event. Refer to the HRM and
222    Chapter 800 (Trestle) for additional stormwater design information.

223    (2)        Design Parameters
224           (a) Conveyance

225           Design the conveyance system to the 25 year storm event and per guidelines contained in the
226           HRM and the Hydraulic Manual. Grade the site to prevent ponding of stormwater and to
227           minimize the number of storm sewer structures (e.g. catch basins, manholes, piping). Design
228           curbs and flow paths to direct runoff towards the drainage structures. Stormwater is not
229           allowed to directly runoff from the terminal into the Puget Sound. Refer to Chapter 800
230           (Trestle) for a discussion of conveyance options on the trestle.
231           (b) Treatment

232           Provide stormwater treatment for the terminal. Evaluate stormwater treatment options for
233           each terminal on an individual basis based on site parameters. Determine if the project site is
234           considered a high use site per the definition provided in the HRM and provide associated

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235              treatment capabilities, as required. Oil control treatment for stormwater should be considered.
236              Refer to Chapter 800 (Trestle) for stormwater treatment options.
237      (c) WSF Guidelines

238              Where feasible, incorporate the following guidelines into the stormwater design.
239                 Divide drainage into basins that are consistent with probable future maintenance
240                  responsibilities.
241                 Avoid tying WSF stormwater systems into local municipality systems
242                 Select treatment facilities capable of treating oil contaminants.
243                 Avoid wet vault as basic treatment
244                 Include low impact development techniques. Refer to Chapter 780 (Sustainability/Low
245                  Impact Development).

246      (3)         Stormwater Calculations
247      Exhibit 760-3 summarizes the main stormwater calculations required. Comply with the minimum
248      requirements outlined in the HRM as they apply to the project. The minimum requirements are
249      applied on a site-specific basis and may vary within the project limits depending on the drainage
250      characteristics of the project. Design the terminal stormwater system to outfall into the Puget
251      Sound. Stormwater systems that discharge to the Puget Sound are exempt from Minimum
252      Requirement #6 (Flow Control) and therefore are not required to provide flow control.

   Calculation                                                   Design
                         Calculation         Reference                                         Standard
      Type                                                     Frequency
                                              Hydraulics                      Design Spread, Zd = Shoulder +2ft (<45mph)
                         Inlet Spacing                           10-year
                                               Manual                          Design Spread, Zd = Shoulder (>45mph)

                              Sag                                50-year          Design Spread, Zd = Shoulder +2ft
                                              Hydraulics                        SBUH or Rational Method. Gravity Flow
                         Conveyance                              25-year
                                               Manual                                        Required
                          Ditch/Gutter        Hydraulics                      SBUH or Rational Method. 0.5ft of freeboard
                           Capacity            Manual                                         required
                                            Highway Runoff                     SBUH or Rational. Shear Stress to be less
                         Ditch Stability                          10-yr
                                                Manual                          than allowable shear stress of ditch liner
    Calculations                            Highway Runoff                    SBUH or Rational Method. Flow velocity from
                       Outlet Protection                          25-yr
                                                Manual                                Conveyance Calculations
                                            Highway Runoff
      Treatment        Treatment Sizing                         Percentile,       MGS Flood Water Quality Volumes

253                                        Standards for Design Calculations
254                                                        Exhibit 760-3

255      (4)         Material Selection
256      Design conveyance structures per the WSDOT Standard Plans, the WSDOT Standard
257      Specifications, and the WSDOT Hydraulics Manual.

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258    (5)     Permits and Approvals
259    Below is a list of permits and approvals that may be required for stormwater improvements.
260       Hydraulic Project Approval, Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife
261       Section 10/404 Permit ,U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
262       Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation, NMFS and USFWS
263       Stormwater Construction Permit, Washington State Department of Ecology
264       Section 401 Water Quality Certification, Washington State Department of Ecology
265       Coastal Zone Management Act Certification, Washington State Department of Ecology
266       NPDES Municipal Stormwater Discharge Permit, local municipality
267       Conditional Use Permit, local municipality
268       Shoreline Substantial Development Permit, local municipality
269       Building Permit, local municipality

270    760.08          Natural Gas
271    (1)     General
272    Provide natural gas service based on the mechanical design. If required, provide gas service for
273    building heat to the Terminal Supervisors and Passenger Buildings. Provide gas service stub out
274    for future concessions, as necessary. Design the gas routing by the most economical path.

275    (2)     Design Parameters
276    Design data and parameters relating to site natural gas distribution are set forth by Puget Sound
277    Energy. PSE will perform and/or review all engineering activities associated with the size and
278    location of natural gas facilities serving the site. Coordinate with PSE on design responsibilities.
279    Within WSF right-of-way limits, PSE will be responsible for providing and installing all lateral
280    (or main) piping and meters to the buildings. The selected construction contractor will be
281    responsible for the accompanying trenching, earthwork, and surface restoration.
282    Locate gas utilities that will be within WSDOT right-of-way outside of the roadbed. Utilities
283    located within the roadbed will require a design variance. Maintain WSDOT standard depths
284    within WSDOT right-of-way.

285    (3)     Material Selection
286    Trenching, backfill, pipe installation, and surface restoration shall conform to Puget Sound
287    Energy, WSDOT, and local municipality standards.

288    (4)     Permits and Approvals
289    New gas mains will be reviewed and subject to the approval of PSE, WSDOT and the local
290    municipality.

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291      760.09              Site Power
292      (1)         General
293      [WSF to provide additional info]
294      The WSF Maintenance Department maintains a spreadsheet containing an existing electrical
295      inventory for each terminal. See hyperlink below:
296      <Provide link to Tom Castor’s Water and Sewer Connection Spreadsheet>

297      (2)         Design Parameters
298      [WSF to provide additional info]

299      (3)         Project Power Distribution
300      Design the power distribution system for the project as a conventional simple-radial 480Y/277-
301      volt system. Design all switchboards and panel boards to be Square D and use I-LINE circuit
302      breakers. Provide panelboards and switchboards to have not less than 20 percent spare capacity to
303      accommodate future load increases. Dry-type transformers that are to be installed outdoors shall
304      have encapsulated core and coil assemblies, such as the “Corrositran” units manufactured by
305      Tierney Electrical Manufacturing Company.

306      (4)         Backup Power Requirements
307      (a) Generator Standard Compliance Requirements

308              Provide a standby engine-generator set rated in accordance with ISO 3046 and designed for
309              operation at 480Y/277 volts, 3-phase, to supply the backup power requirements of the
310              terminal facility; with the exception of the vessel shore power. Size the generator with a 10
311              percent surplus capacity. The engine generator system shall comply with NFPA 110, the
312              Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems, regarding equipment installation,
313              performance, and maintenance requirements for Level 2 applications, except where Level 1
314              compliance is specifically required.
315      (b) Generator Location

316              The generator is to be located by the main power distribution system, in a noise enclosure.
317      (c) Generator Manufacturer

318              Specify generators to be packaged engine-generator systems with diesel engine drives.
319              Caterpillar, Cummins/ Onan, or Kohler Detroit Diesel - Allison, shall provide engine-
320              generator packages. The generator manufacturer shall have obtained UL 2200 certification
321              for “Stationary Engine Generator Assemblies” for the specific model proposed for use at the
322              Terminal Facility.
323      (d) Generator System Capacity

324              The minimum generator standby KW rating at 0.8 power factor shall be determined during
325              design. A generator with a higher rating shall be furnished if required to supply the loads
326              (plus a 10 percent surplus capacity) with a maximum instantaneous voltage dip of 10 percent.

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327    (e) Generator Accessories

328           Provide the following additional accessories as part of the generator system:
329              Fuel storage sized for 24 hours minimum operation at expected loading.
330              Batteries and Charger: Heavy duty, service free, lead acid type storage batteries, suitable
331               for diesel engine starting. A pure DC 10A current limiting type battery charger designed
332               to float and equalize at the volts per cell recommended by the battery manufacturer.
333              Generator Alarm Panel: A remote generator alarm panel shall be provided for installation
334               in the Terminal Supervisor’s Office.
335              Load Bank Receptacles: Load bank receptacles shall be located outside the Passenger
336               Building within 25-feet of a driveway where the load bank will be parked during load
337               testing.

338    (5)        Applicable Codes and Standards
339    Electrical design for WSF Terminal Engineering shall comply with the following codes and
340    standards:
341       State of Washington Department of Labor and Industries
342       Standard Specifications for Road, Bridge, and Municipal Construction.
343       Building Construction and Safety Code (NFPA 5000)
344       National Electrical Code (NEC).
345       National Electrical Safety Code (NESC).
346       Life Safety Code (NFPA 101).
347       Code of Federal Regulations, 28CFR Part 36.

348    760.010            Site Lighting (Elmo Rajah to review)
349    This section covers requirements and information on luminaires (light fixtures) and lighting
350    system design that pertains specifically to WSF Terminal Engineering work.

351    (1)        General
352    Design lighting systems to provide:
353       Safe working conditions, safe passage, and the identification of any hazards or obstruction,
354        indoors and outdoors.
355       Comfortable visibility conditions.
356       Adequate light levels and color for safe and effective accomplishment of tasks to be
357        performed.
358       The most efficient and economical system practicable.
359       Minimal light trespass and glare.
360    General illumination shall conform to the recommendations of The Illumination Engineering
361    Society of North America (IESNA) Lighting Handbook except as modified by this manual.

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362      New site lighting for roadways, parking areas, holding lanes, and similar locations shall be rated
363      480V, single-phase. New luminaires added to existing site lighting shall match the voltage of the
364      existing site lighting.
365      In buildings, fluorescent, compact fluorescent, pulse start metal halide and/or halogen lighting
366      fixtures shall be used in areas with low ceilings and in lowbay areas with ceiling heights up to 20-
367      feet. Pulse start metal halide and/or halogen lighting fixtures shall be used in highbay areas
368      (ceiling heights above 20-feet).
369      Indoor lighting shall be rated 120V (or 277V for large buildings).

370      (2)     Design Parameters
371      [WSF to provide info]

372      (3)     Lighting Calculations
373      Light level calculations shall be prepared for all new lighting provided as part of the design. The
374      lighting calculations shall take into consideration any existing light fixtures that are to remain.
375      The light level calculation report shall include all the information and calculation results
376      necessary to verify the design complies with the lighting criteria in the following sections.
377      Average light levels for areas shall not be less than the values given in the interior and exterior
378      lighting criteria design sections. Where a minimum maintained light level is listed for an area, the
379      light levels shall not be lower than the value given at any point in the calculation point grid for
380      that area.
381      Design the lighting system to be as close as practical to the target uniformity ratio (typically
382      within 5 percent). Lighting designs where the uniformity exceeds the target uniformity ratio
383      require approval of the WSF Terminal Engineering Electrical Supervisor.
384      The location, arrangement, size, and spacing of all calculation point grids require approval of the
385      WSF Terminal Engineering Electrical Supervisor.
386      Exhibit 760-4 presents the light loss factors for typical installations at WSF facilities. These
387      factors should be considered in lighting calculations.

                                                       Lamp Lumen         Luminaire Dirt      Ballast
                             Location and
                                                       Depreciation        Depriciation       Factor
                              Lamp Type
                                                          (LLD)              (LDD)             (BF)

                      High Pressure Sodium                  0.91                0.9               1
                      Metal Halide                          0.65                0.9               1
                      Pulse Start Metal Halide              0.82                0.9               1

                      Fluorescent Open                      0.91                0.9             0.88
                      Fluorescent Enclosed                  0.91                0.83            0.88
                      Metal Halide                          0.65                0.86              1
                      Pulse Start Metal Halide              0.82                0.86              1

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388                                 Light Loss Factors for Lighting Calculations
389                                                     Exhibit 760-4

390     (4)      Site Exterior Illumination Design Criteria
391     Provide exterior illumination in accordance with Exhibit 760-5
392     When minor revisions are made to the existing exterior lighting at a facility, the designer shall
393     match the existing lamp source (e.g. MH, HPS, compact fluorescent, etc.) when new fixtures are
394     added, unless directed otherwise by WSF. When a project consists of major renovations to a
395     facility, the WSF preferred lamp source is Metal Halide (MH) rather than High Pressure Sodium
396     (HPS). Wherever possible select fixtures that use pulse start metal halide lamps and ballasts.
397     The Cargo light fixture mounted to the underside of the Headframe for wire rope type transfer
398     span operating systems shall be a cobra head type lighting fixture. Fixture to be American
399     Electric Lighting #125-40S-CA-MT1-R3-FG, or approved equal.
400     Calculate light levels outdoors at finished grade or at the trestle deck surface.
                                          Minimum Average               Minimum Horizontal
                 Area                                                                         Target Uniformity
                                         Horizontal Illuminace              Illimunance
              Description                                                                      Ratio (Avg/Min)
                                            (Footcandles)                  (Footcandles)

      Pedestrian walkways (flat)                  3                             1

      Pedestrian walkways (sloped,
                                                  5                                                    3:1
      uneven, steps, or obstacles)
      Transfer span pedestrian
      walkway (at Terminals without               5                                                    3:1
      overhead loading)
      Traffic ways                                1                                                    3:1

      Traffic holding area                        0.8                                                  4:1

      Traffic holding area where
      WSF personal direct traffic

402           Outdoor Illumination Requirements - Light Level and Uniformity Ratio Chart
403                                                     Exhibit 760-5

404     (5)      Site Interior Illumination Design Criteria
405     Provide interior illumination in accordance with the light level chart shown in Exhibit 760-6.

                                            Minimum Average                  Minimum
                                                                                             Distance Above
                    Area                        Horizontal                  Maintained
                                                                                             Finished Floor
                 Description                   Illuminance                 Illuminance
                                              (Footcandles)               (Footcandles)
         Agent’s Office                             30                                             30
         Bicycle/Kayak Staging                      10                                             0
         Building Entrance                                                      5                  0
         Communications                             50                                             30

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                                          Minimum Average            Minimum
                                                                                      Distance Above
                        Area                  Horizontal            Maintained
                                                                                      Finished Floor
                     Description             Illuminance           Illuminance
                                            (Footcandles)         (Footcandles)
           Computer                              30                                          30
           Conference Room                       40                                          30
           Corridors                              7                    1.2                    0
           Counting/Safe Room                    50                                          30
           Crew Quarters                         20                                          30
           Crew Room                             30                                          30
           Customs Check-In                      30                                          30
           Customs Offices                       30                                          30
           Deli/Pub                              30                                          30
           Dinning                               30                                          30
           Electrical                            30                                          30
           Employee Break Room                   15                                          30
           Espresso/Fast Food                    30                                          30
           Food Storage                          15                                           0
           Lockers                               15                                           0
           Mechanical                            20                                           0
           News/Books/Gifts/ATM                  50                                          30
           Office/Admin/Training                 50                                          30
           Parking (Indoor)                       5                                           0
           Passenger OHL Access
                                                  5                     1                     0
           Passenger OHL Apron                   15                                           0
           Passenger OHL Cab                     15                     5                     0
           Passenger OHL Transfer Span            7                     3                     0
           Receiving/Service                     20                                           0
           Restrooms                             30                                           0
           Security Control                      30                                          30
           Service                               20                                          30
           Stairways                             15                                           0
           Storage/Janitors/ Supply              10                                          30
           Tickets                               30                                          30
           Travel Desk                           50                                          30
           Waiting                               30                                          30
           Water Valve                           20                                           0

406                           Indoor Illumination Requirements – Light Level Chart
407                                               Exhibit 760-6

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408    (f) Uniformity

409           For interior lighting, the maximum maintained horizontal illuminance level shall not be more
410           than six times the average level and the minimum horizontal illuminance shall not be less
411           than one-sixth the average level.
412    (g) Lamp Type

413           In general, fluorescent lamps shall be used for interior lighting. For mounting heights over 10
414           feet, metal halide HID lighting may be used. (Note: Wherever possible select fixtures that
415           use pulse start metal halide lamps and ballasts, if metal halide is the light source selected).
416           Other lamp types, including high-pressure-sodium and incandescent shall not be used indoor
417           unless otherwise permitted by the WSF Terminal Engineering Electrical Supervisor.

418    (6)        Lighting Control Criteria
419    [Additional Input Needed]

420    (7)        Emergency Lighting
421    Provide exit and emergency lighting in accordance with the Life Safety Code (NFPA 101).
422    Provide emergency lighting on the outside of building to light steps or ramps for safe egress.
423    Overhead loading facilities including access ramps, stairways, the transfer span, the loading cab,
424    pedestrian aprons, and other such areas shall be provided with emergency lighting.
425    Design emergency lighting to operate in the event of failure of the normal power source. Arrange
426    emergency lighting fixtures to illuminate the means of egress with an initial illumination that is
427    not less than an average of 1 foot-candle and, at any point, not less than 0.1 ft-candle, measured
428    along the path of egress at floor level. Do not exceed a maximum-to-minimum illumination
429    uniformity ratio of 40-to-1.
430    Provide exit signs with LED type lamps to mark each means of egress.
431    Key communications and Operations areas shall have emergency lighting sufficient to allow work
432    to continue. Coordinate with the WSF Terminal Engineering Electrical Supervisor to determine
433    which areas fall into this category.
434    Provide electrical equipment rooms with emergency lighting to provide 3 ft-candles average at 30
435    inches above the floor with an average-to-minimum uniformity of 6-to-1.
436    Exit and emergency lighting is required to have a minimum operating time of 90 minutes.
437    Additional operating time may be required at some locations. If batteries are used as the
438    emergency lighting power source, they shall be long-life Nickel-Cadmium batteries.

439    (8)        Permits and Approvals
440       [WSF to complete]

441    (9)        Code Requirements
442    Lighting design for WSF Terminal Engineering shall comply with the following codes and
443    standards:
444       State of Washington Department of Labor and Industries
445       Standard Specifications for Road, Bridge, and Municipal Construction.

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446          Building Construction and Safety Code (NFPA 5000)
447          National Electrical Code (NEC).
448          National Electrical Safety Code (NESC).
449          Life Safety Code (NFPA 101).
450          Code of Federal Regulations, 28CFR Part 36.

451      760.011         Communications (Steve Vandor/Leonard Smith to review)
452      The following section summarizes the communication systems to be included at new terminals

453      (1)     Public Address
454      Provide a public address (PA) system at the terminal. The PA system is an audible paging system
455      that allows the terminal operators to communicate both live and pre-recorded audible messages to
456      passengers at the terminal.
457      The main components of this type of system include speakers, head-end equipment, the operator
458      interface and a conduit and cable system to connect the speakers to the head-end equipment.
459      Mount the speakers on light poles for outdoor areas and at ceiling level for indoor spaces. Locate
460      the head-end equipment in the IT Equipment Network Room and the operator interface in the
461      Terminal Supervisor’s office located in the Terminal Supervisor’s Building.
462      Design the PA system to reduce noise impacts to the surrounding community. This is typically
463      achieved by dividing the coverage area into smaller zones and installing a sufficient number of
464      speakers so they can be operated at a lower audible level.

465      (2)     Radio
466      Provide two radio systems at the terminal. The first system allows the ferry boats to communicate
467      with the Terminal Supervisor’s Office. This is referred to as the local ship-to-shore radio system.
468      In addition to the ship-to-shore radio system, provide an 800 MHz radio system for the terminal.
469      The 800 MHz system allows voice communications for WSF operators, WSF fleet and can also
470      be accessed by State and Federal emergency agencies such as the Coast Guard, Washington State
471      Patrol, and local police and fire departments.
472      The main components of the radio systems are the antennas and head-end equipment. The
473      antennas are typically installed on a tower or on top of one of the buildings. The antennas need to
474      be located within 100 ft of the head-end 800 MHz equipment. The head-end equipment will be
475      located in the Terminal Supervisor’s Office.

476      (3)     Weather Station
477      Provide a local weather station at the terminal to measure and record local weather conditions
478      including temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction. Design the weather station system to
479      provide weather information at the Terminal Supervisor’s Office and other remote locations as
480      needed.
481      The main components for this system are the weather instruments and the head-end equipment
482      that displays and records this information. The weather instruments are typically installed on a
483      tower or on top of a building. The head-end equipment will be located in the Terminal
484      Supervisor’s Office or in the IT Equipment Network Room.

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485    (4)     Electronic Message Signs
486    Refer to Chapter 420 (Building Signage and Wayfinding) for design information.
487    [Should this information be moved to Chapter 420 (Signage & Wayfinding)?]
488    Provide electronic message signs (EMS) at the terminal. Both outdoor and indoor EMS are
489    required. Install outdoor EMS to provide information to drivers approaching the toll booths. In
490    addition, install individual smaller signs at each toll booth to provide information on tolls and toll
491    booth open/closed status. No EMS are required for the vehicle holding area. Install indoor signs
492    in the Passenger Building at the turnstile locations and at the information board. In addition,
493    install EMS along the Overhead Loading walkway and transfer span as appropriate.
494    The messages to be displayed on these EMS are programmable. The main components of an
495    electronic message sign include the sign housing, a local sign controller and the operator interface
496    that allows for monitor and control of the signs. The electronic signs will utilize Light Emitting
497    Diode (LED) technology for their displays and the head-end equipment will be personal computer
498    (PC) based and located in the Terminal Supervisor’s Office.

499    (5)     Electronic Fare System
500    The electronic fare system will include ticket vending machines located in the Passenger
501    Building. These machines allow passengers to purchase tickets without the need to go to the
502    ticket sales counter. Refer to Chapter 400 (Circulation & Passenger Waiting) for additional design
503    information.

504    (6)     Maintenance Management System
505    Design a maintenance management system to be included at the terminal. This is a PC based
506    system that manages equipment inventory and maintenance activities for the various terminal
507    building maintenance functions. Additional coordination is required with WSF to advance the
508    design requirements for the Maintenance Management system.

509    (7)     Traveler Information Systems
510    Integrate the new terminals into the regional Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). This will
511    include sharing of information such as vessel schedules, anticipated wait times and local traffic
512    conditions with regional ITS traveler information systems. Coordinate with WSF to advance the
513    design requirements for the Traveler Information systems.

514    (8)     Pay Phones
515    Provide pay phones in the Passenger Building and near the Terminal Supervisor’s Building. The
516    local phone company will install the pay phones and the project will provide conduit and
517    electrical power at the pay phone locations.

518    (9)     Site Telephone/Data Service
519    The local telephone and data communication provider for the terminal will provide telephone
520    services to the new terminal while data for the terminal will be via WSF fiber optic cables
521    Additional information on telephone and data is provided below.
522    [Include table showing which terminals have existing fiber optic cables]

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523      (10)        Site Television Service
524      Third party television providers will provide cable or satellite TV services required for third
525      parties such as proposed restaurants.

526      (11)        Site Communications Conduit/Cable
527      Site communication conduit/cable includes the following.
528      (a) Fiber Optic Cable

529              Connect the Passenger Building, Terminal Supervisor Building, Toll Booths and
530              Maintenance Building(s) with fiber optic cable. Fiber optic cable will be used for transfer of
531              video, data, and voice between these facilities. Install the fiber optic cable in conduit between
532              the buildings.
533      (b) Copper Cable

534              In addition to the fiber optic cable, connect the Passenger Building, Terminal Supervisor
535              Building, Toll Booths and Maintenance Buildings with copper cable. Extend the copper cable
536              to the Transfer Span Hinge Building (Loading Cab?), and to the end of the Overhead
537              Passenger Loading Structure and Vehicle Transfer Spans. This cable transfers data and voice
538              communications between these facilities. Install the copper cable in conduit between these
539              locations.
540      (c) Spare Conduit

541              Route spare conduit between all buildings and along the Overhead Passenger Loading and
542              Vehicle Transfer Spans.

543      (12)        Building Communications Conduit/Cable
544      Telephone and data lines will be extended throughout the Passenger Building, Terminal
545      Supervisor Building and Maintenance Buildings and will also be installed at the Toll Booths.
546      Telephone lines are expected to use category 3 cable and data lines are expected to be category 5
547      cables.

548      (13)        IT Equipment Network Room
549      Provide an IT Equipment Network Room, typically located in the Passenger Building or Terminal
550      Maintenance Building. This room houses much of the head-end communications and security
551      equipment including public address, CCTV, access controls, telephone and data. The majority of
552      this equipment will be rack mounted. In addition, this room is expected to house the main
553      incoming telephone and fiber optic data cables.

554      (14)        Permits and Approvals
555          [WSF to complete]

556      (15)        Applicable Codes and Standards
557      Communications design for WSF Terminal Engineering shall comply with the following codes
558      and standards:
559          [WSF to complete]

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560    760.012         Security
561    Refer to Chapter 310 (Security) for requirements.

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