Chapter 6: SUPPLEMENTAL REVIEW AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Would you agree that there are “global commons?” Generate a list of properties for global commons and explain/defend their place in the global schema. 2. What should be the top priorities for countries that have high population growth and low economic development? Should these nations have special priorities for dealing with girls and women? Explain why you would agree or disagree with special priorities for girls and women. 3. Environmentalist/population ecologist Garrett Hardin (1968) asserted that unlimited population growth is likely to have dire results as more people are needed to produce and they in turn consume and ultimately degrade commonly held, life-sustaining resources. A contemporary example of this phenomenon occurs in sub-Saharan Africa. Tribal groups and nomadic families earn income by reducing trees to charcoal they can sell; more family members equal more earnings, but as more produce charcoal, air is polluted and there are fewer trees to offset the effects. The eventual loss of all trees in an area forces relocation and may stimulate greater population growth because families need still more productive members. Consider next steps in this process in terms of immigration and use of the global commons. In other words, how might these local concerns go global? 4. Find an article that appeared in a trade journal or newspaper in the last six months that describes how an organization is responding to environmentalism. Describe at least three ways the organization is showing environmental responsibility; describe the costs of taking on environmentalism when competitors do not. Use your own words and examples from the article to explain why environmental challenges are global in their impact on businesses. 5. Industrialized nations may be those whose cultures are most aligned with concepts of consumerism and economic development. Less developed economies may not have cultural mechanisms supportive of capitalism. For example, many in Africa are members of tribes and similar social groups whose history is nomadic and agrarian. How can nomadic people stay in control of their own development when the very concept of development is contrary to their culture? If people are unable to anticipate political, cultural, economic, and technological change, how can they plan for or cope with sustainability? 6. The Global Enterprise Project: Demonstrate the firm’s responsiveness to globalization of natural resources as reflected in topics covered in Chapter 6. In terms of globalization of natural resources, what is the firm's major issue with respect to acquiring and using natural resources? What natural resources does the firm use most and how does it work to preserve or conserve those resources? Or do they? How does the firm deal with globalization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS? Are they involved in sustainable development. Do they use environmental accounting, pollution controls, etc. to protect the environment? Do they recycle and reuse or abuse the natural environment? Is the firm involved in cross sector or industry partnerships to preserve the environment? The point here is to demonstrate how a firm in this industry is adapting people, processes, and structures (PPS) to survive/thrive in an increasingly global world where natural resources are finite and use of them in one part of the world affects resource availability now or in the future.