Lecture Guide Molecules • Ions • Atoms I. Development of the Atomic Theory What elements did Greeks believed composed matter? V. Molecules and Ions Write a statement on the contribution of each of the following: What are the different types of compounds? Empedocles Zeno Democritus Leucippus What are the six ways of representing a chemical? Bacon Boyle Lavosier How are ions formed? What part of an atom is altered? Proust Dalton What is the oxidation state of elements in the following family: II. Parts of the Atom IIA, VA VIA. Write a statement on the contribution of each of the following: Michael Faraday J.J. Thomson Restate the Octet rule in your own words R.A. Millikan E. Rutherford What are the subatomic particles of an atom and e which subatomic What is the Principle of Neutrality? Why is it important? particle has the highest mass? Which has the largest charge? III. Atoms and Elements Discuss the development of the atomic theory and personality Name the eleven oxyanions with the suffix –ate. What are the responsible for each theory. charges of each? How much more massive is the proton compared to the electron. How does the suffix of an oxy-anion change when oxygen are removed or added? Which part of the atom is responsible for an atom’s volume? What is the name of the all the chlorinated oxy anion acids? Which part of the atom is responsible for chemistry? How is the criss-cross trick used to determine the formula of an Define the following (A, Z, chg) and then determine these values for ionic compound? aluminum-27. Why are the atomic mass of an element as indicated by the periodic What is the mechanism by which covalent compounds are formed? table are generally not whole number integer. IV. Periodic Table Who is given credited for conceiving the Periodic Table? There are three types of compounds. Two are ionic and one is covalent. Discuss the rules of how compounds are classified in these categories? The periodic table is also referred to as a map of …. What elements are found in the west portion of the periodic table? What elements are found in the east portion of he periodic table? What is the difference between a period and a family?
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