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 985 .01 LEGAL NOTICES                                                                                            4560

                                       TITLE XLVIII.

                                Newsp aper Publication.

                                           CHAPTER 985
98501 Definitions ..              98508                            Fees f 'or, publish i ng,
985 .02 Method of notification,             985                    Computation of time, Su n days, lega l ho lidays,
98503 Qualifications of newspapers                      985:. 10   Publi cat ion on Sunday .
98504 Official state newspaper ; publication of laws. 98511        Fee s a nd wor k on Sunday.
98505 Official municipal newspape r s..        98512               Proof' of publicatio n .
985 .06 Official city newspaper ,                       985. 1 3   Change of name or dis continu an ce of pa per .
985,065 Publication of ordinances and p roceedings; 985 14         Refusal to publish„
            Milwaukee county .             985 15                  Forfeiture for refu sal to publis h .
98507 Classes and frequency of legal notices .

 985.01 Definitions. As used in this chapter, making and seconding the motion and the roll
 unless the context requires otherwise :               call vote on the motion .
    (1) The term "legal notice" is every notice (c) Ordinances and resolutions published as
 required by law or by order of a court to be r equired by law need not be republished in
 published in a newspaper and includes :               proceedings , but a reference to their' subject
    (a) Every publication of laws, ordinances , matter shall be sufficient .
resolutions, financial statements, budgets and            (3) "Insertion" when used to indicate the
proceedings intended to give notice in an area ;       publication of a legal notice more than one time ,
    (b) Every notice and certificate of election, means once each week for consecutive weeks , the
facsimile ballot, referenda, notice of public last of which shall be at least one week before the
hearing before a governmental body, and notice act or event, unless otherwise specified by law ,
of meetings of private and public bodies required ( 4) A newspaper is "published" at the place
by law ; and                                           from which its mailing permit is issued , except
                                           notice of that if the place where the newspaper has its
        Every notice order, intended
   (c) other summons,which iscitation , to inform a major concentration of circulation has no
sale or
                                                       primary post office, then at the place it shall
person that he may or shall do an act or, exercise a
                                                 y a designate as its place of publication in the
right within a designated period or upon or b
                 . affidavit required by s . 985 . 03 (2), but no
designated date
                                                       newspaper shall have more than one place of
   (d) The provisions of this chapter do not publication during the same period of time .,
apply to notices required by private and local (5) "Municipality " has the meaning in s ..
laws to be published in newspapers .                   345 .05 (1) (a) and "governing body " the
   (2) (a) "Proceedings", when published in meaning in s ,: 345 .05 (1) (b) with reference to
newspapers, mean the substance of every official such municipality .
action taken by a local governing body at any
meeting, regular or special.                           985 .02 Method of notification . (1) Except
   (b) "Substance" is an intelligible abstract or as otherwise provided by law,, a legal notice shall
synopsis of the essential elements of the official be published in a newspaper likely to give notice
action taken by a local governing body, including in the area or to the person affected . Whenever '
the subject matter of a motion, the persons the law requires publication in a newspaper
                    Electronically scanned images of the published statutes.

4561                                                                                 LEGAL NOTICES 985 .05

published in a designated municipality or area             county for publication of legal notices for- a
and no newspaper is published therein publica-             period of 6 months or more ..
tion shall be made in a newspaper likely to give              (2) Any person charged with the duty of
notice.                                                    causing legal notices to be published, and who
    (2) If the governing body of a municipality            causes any legal notice, to be published in, any
elects to post under s. 985 : 05 . ( 1) it shall post in   newspaper not eligible, to so publish under the
the following manner :                                     requirements of sub : (1), or ;who fails to cause
    (a) The notice must be posted in at least 3            such legal notice to be published in any
public places likely to give notice to persons             newspaper eligible under this section, may be
affected .                                                 fined not to exceed $100 for each offense . Each
    (b) The notice posted before the act or event          day in which a legal notice should have beenn but
r equiring notice shall be posted no later than the        was not published as required by law shall
time specified for the first newspaper publica -           constitute a separate offense hereundei . . A
tion .                                                     newspaper in order to be eligible under this
    (c) The notice posted after the act or event           section shall also file a certificate with the county
requiring notice shall be posted within one week           clerk stating that it qualifies under this section
after the act or event . Actions of governing              and stating its place of publication .
bodies posted after the act or event shall be                History: l9'75e 341
effective upon posting. ;,
    (d ) The affidavit of the officer or person            985 .04 Official state newspaper ; publica-
posting the legal notice containing the time,              tion of laws. (1) The legislature shall declare
place and manner of the posting is presumptive             some newspaper published in Wisconsin to be the
evidence of the facts' stated therein .                    official state paper, which shall publish all the
                                                           laws, advertisements, proclamations' and com-
985 .03 Qualifications of newspapers. (1)                  munications required to be published . . Any such
 (a) No publisher of any newspaper in this state           publication from any of the state agencies shall
shall be awarded or be entitled to any                     be deemed official, Until a further designation is
compensation or fee for, the publishing of any             made the Wisconsin State Journal, Madison, is
legal notice unless, for at least 2 years                  declared to be the official state paper
immediately before the date, of the notice                     (2) Every law shall be published once in the
publication, the newspaper has been published              official state paper immediately after its
regularly and continuously in the city, village or         approval, in type not smaller than 5 1/2 point,
town: where published, and has had a bona fide             and the costs charged to the legislature.
paid circulation :                                            See note to alt VII, sec . 21, citing 63 Atty Gen 346
    1 , That has constituted 50% or more of its
cir culation ; and; .                                      985. 05. ' Official municipal newspapers .
   2 . That has had actual subscribers at each              (1) The governing body of every municipality
publication of not less than 1,000 copies in 1st           not required to have an official newspaper may
and 2nd class cities, or 300 copies if in 3rd and          designate a newspaper published or having
4th class cities, villages or towns .                      general circulation in the municipality and
   (b) Suspension of publication : resulting from          eligible under s . 985 .03 as its official newspaper
the mobilization of troops being called to active          or utilize the same for, specific notices, The
duty with the armed forces, strike, lockout or             governing body of such municipality may, in lieu
damage, or destruction due to war, fire or act of          of newspaper publication, directother form of
God, shall not count as an interval in publication ,       publication or posting under s . 985 02 (2), Other
   (bm) A period of disqualification not to                publication or posting, however, shall not be
exceed . 2 years . :due only to the place of
                        e                                  substituted for newspaper publication in pro-
publication shalll not count as an interval in             ceedings relating to : tax sales ; tax sales
publication .                                              certificates or tax :redemptions; civil annexa-
   (c) A newspaper, under this chapter, is a               tions, detachments, consolidations or incorpora-
publication appearing at regular intervals : and at        tions under chs . 59 to 66 ; or legal notices directed
least:.- . once a week; containing repor ts of
                                      g                    to specific individuals . Posting may not be
happenings of recent occurrence of a varied                substituted for publication in school board
character, such as political, social,: moral and           elections conducted pursuant to s . 1 20,06 . If an
religious subjects, designed to inform the general         eligible newspaper is published in the municipal-
reader . The definition includes a daily news-             ity, other publication or posting shall not be
paper published in a county having a population            substituted for newspaper publication under s .
of 500,000 or more, devoted principally to                 61:32 or 61 :50 .
business news and publishing of records, which                (2) When any municipality has designated
has been designated by the courts of record of the         an official newspaper, all legal notices published
                         Electronically scanned images of the published statutes.
  985 .05 LEGA L NOTICES                                                                                       4562

 in a newspaper by such municipality shall be                    the price at not to exceed the legal rate for like
 published in such newspaper unless otherwise                    work .
 specifically required by law .                                    (3) The publisher, before the claim for the
    (3) In lieu of the requirements of this                     publication is audited, shall file with the clerk
 chapter, a school board may publish or publicize               proof of publication by affidavit of the printer or
 under ' s . 120.11 (4) and the city .board of                  foreman, attached to a copy of the matter
 education may publish or publicize under s .,                  published, stating the date or dates of publica-
  120A8 (4) .                                                   tion, Such affidavit shall be .conclusive evidence
   History : 1975 c.13 8 .                                      of publication for the purpose of audit .
    A county board may not designate more than one                 (4) If for- any reason any city is at any time
 newspaper having a general circulation in the county as
 its official newspaper .. However, the county board may        without an official city newspaper, matters
 direct that a particular legal notice also appear in one or    required to be published shall be published in a
 moreother county newspapers , 60Atty Gen.. 95..
                                                                newspaper' eligible under s 985 ..03, designated
                                                                by the council, at not more than the legal rate for
   9,85.06 Official city newspaper . (1) In                     like work,
   cities of the second and third class, the clerk
  shall, on or before the second Tuesday of April ,              985 .065 Publication of ordinances and
   advertise in the official city newspaper, or if               proceedings; Milwaukee county . (2) (a) In
   there is none, in a newspaper ' published in the city         counties having a population of 250,000 or, more,
  and. .d eligible under s . 985 .03, for separate               the county board of supervisors, at its annual
  proposals to publish in English (a) the council                meeting shalll direct the county clerk to invite
  proceedings, and (b) the city's legal notices,                 proposals from the English newspapers pub-
  respectively, for the ensuing year, inviting bids              lished daily in said county, for the publication
  from all daily and weekly newspaper's published                and printing of the proceedings of said board,
  in such city which are eligible under s . 985 .03,             and all other notices or advertisements as shall be
  also stating the security required with each bid ,             authorized or required to be published or printed
 which shall be previously fixed by the council,                 by the said board and all officers, boards and
 and requiring delivery , of the bids in wr iting ,
                                    e                           departments of said county, during the next
 sealed, at the clerk's office by 12 noon of the first          ensuing year, which publications and advertising
 Tuesday of May . At that hour, the clerk shall, in             may be divided and classified if the said board
 the presence of the mayor o r an alderman, open                shall so order,
 the bids and enter them in a record kept fo r that                 (b) Such proposals shall name a price per
 purpose . No bid from other than a newspaper                   standard line, or shall name a price per standard
 legally °invited to bid, or for more than the legal            line per thousand of average daily circulation in
 rate for like work, shall be of any effect, The                such county for the period of 6 months next
 paper, making the lowest effective bid for the                 preceding the date of such proposals, as shown by
 city's legal notices shall be awarded the contract             the affidavit of an authorized officer or agent of
 therefor . If 2 or more effective bids are for the             such proponent, or shall name a price for such
 same price, and no lower effective bid is filed, the           advertising space as may be required or ordered
 clerk shall transmit such tie bids to the council at           by the board at any time during the year for
 its next.., meeting and the council shall designate            which awards are made, or, at the option of the
 the successful bid . If no effective bid is received ,         proponent, shall include any or all of such
 the council may direct the clerk to readvertise as             separate proposals as aforesaid ...
before . . Each successful bidder shall execute a                  (c) The said board may by resolution suspend
contract in accordance with the bid and ale such               the publication of proceedings in newspapers and
bond for its performance as the council requires„
                                    e                          provide for the printing thereof in pamphlet form
No such paper shall receive more or less than the              until the further action of the board in relation
contract price nor any other compensation for                  thereto . Separate bids may be called for if so
the work. The paper securing the contract for the              ordered by said board, from printers in the
publishing of the city ' s legal notices shalll be the         county, for the printing of the proceedings of'said
official city newspaper.                                       county board in pamphlet form in such
     (2) In cities of the fourth class, the council, at        quantities as shall be determined by said board,
its first meeting or as soon as may be, shall                  ` (d) Each bid shall be accompanied by a
designate one or more newspapers eligible under,               certificate of the county treasurer that the bidder'
s . 985 .03 and published in t he city, if any,                has deposited with him a United States bond,
otherwise published in the county and having a                 corporate surety bond or certified check in the
general circulation in the city, for publication of            sum of $500, or the cash deposit of 'a like amount,
the council proceedings and as the official city               conditioned that said bidder will, if successful,
newspaper for the publication of the city's legal              enter into a contract as provided in the i esolution
notices for the ensuing year . The council shall fix           of said board or invitation for such bids. The
                   Electronically scanned images of the published statutes.
4563                                                                              LEG AL' N OTICES 985.08

 county clerk shall on the date named in said
                            e                                 (3) CLASS 3 rroricES . (a) All notices
 invitation for bids, in the presence of the             designated as class 3 notices require 3 inset tions,
 committee on printing and stationery of said                (b) Any legal notice not otherwise designated
 board, open all such proposals and enter upon his       shall be a class 3 notice unless the time permitted
 minutes a record thereof , all of which shall be        by law necessitates a class 2 or class 1 notice,
 reported to the board at its next meeting ,             except that any notice required by law on
 together with the recommendations of said               January 2, 1966, which is not otherwise
committee . . The said board shall thereupon             designated, shall be a class 1 notice.
consider such proposals and by its resolution                 (4) The classification provided herein does
designate and award such advertising and                    t
                                                         not apply to notices of public election or
printing to the lowest bidder or to the lower            referenda or to notices governed by s , 815 . 31 but
bidder based upon a rate per thousand of average         such notices shall be governed by the specific
daily circulation in such county , or said boa rd        statutes i elating thereto .
may award such publication and printing to the             History: Sup: Ct, Order, 67 W (2d) 783 .
lowest bidder and also to the lowest bidder per
thousand of average daily circulation as                 985.08 Fees for publishing . (1) The fee for
aforesaid, or said board may award any division          publishing a legal notice shall be not more than
or classification of such publication and printing        14 cents per standard line for the first insertion
made under the provisions hereof, to the lowest          and not more than 11 cents per standard line : for
bidder and award the remaining division or               each subsequent insertion ... : The charge for the
divisions, or classification, to the lowest bidde r      publication of a facsimile ballot shall be
per thousand of circulation aforesaid . . If the         computed as if the area occupied by the ballot
boa rd elects to print its proceedings in pamphlet       were set in standard lines . If a legal notice
form only, the invitation for bids and the award         contains tabulated matter, then the fees allow-
may be made to the lowest c esponsible bidder , at       able for the area containing such matter shall be
a - rate per standard line, or per page, or such         increased 50% of ; the standard line base rate
other basis as the board determines .                    without adjustment for circulation premium . .
     (e) ' Upon the award of the contract, or            Composed matter shall be interpreted as being
contracts, the deposits of unsuccessful bidders ,        tabular when it contains 2 or more justifications
and upon execution of proper' contracts by               per line . The minimum : feefor any legal notices
successful bidders , the deposits shall severally be     shall be $2 . The maximum rate herein specified
returned . The contract, or contracts, shall be          shall be adjusted each 2 years, the first
accompanied by a good and sufficient bond in             adjustment to be effective January 1, 1970, to
such amount as shall be fixed by said board              reflect the relevant change in costs of the
conditional for the faithful performance of such                    r
                                                         newspaper publishing industry as compared with
contract.                                                such costs on December 1 ; - :1967,. as determined
     (f) The said board of supervisor s may, in lieu                                                n
                                                         by the chief of the state printing section in the
of the foregoing provisions , provide by ordi-           department of administration in consultation
nance, amethod of printing and publ ication of its       with representatives of the daily and weekly
proceedings and notices, and the method of               newspaper industry of the state , In making such
obtaining bids and contracts the refor                   determination the chief ' of the state printing
                                                         section shall base : the same upon the factors of
     (g) In any case where it shall be deemed            wage and newsprint costs in the proportions
advisable , the county board may provide for             determined by him to be proper .
further or,' additional publication of notices in
appropriate trade mediums ,                                  (2) A standard line shall be 6-point Spartan
                                                         lightface set on a 6-point slug without spacing
     (h) The rates provided by s . 985 : 08 for, legal   between the lines, and 11 picas in length .
notices shall not apply to-printing or publications      Nonstandard type faces and line lengths shall be
hereundet                                                allowed with adjustments in , fees acco r ding to
                                                         variations in type set and line length . When a
985.07 Classes and frequency of legal                    publisher does not have, or elects not to use a 6-
notices. There shall be 3 classes of legal notices       point body type, a larger body type may be used ;
under this chapter . The designated number, of           in which case adjustment shall be made in line
insertions is the minimum required by law , and          rate, proportionately decreasing for sizes of type
the frequency may be increased at the discretion         over `6-point to produce the same net average
of the requisitioning agency.                            compensation per column area . Such .h adjust••
   (1) CLASS I N oricE S , All notices designated        ments shall be evaluated by the department of
as class ;1 notices require one insertion.                                                        e
                                                         administration which shall certify the same to
   (2) CLASS 2 rr oneE S . All notices designated        any newspaper, public official or other interested
as class 2 notices require 2 insertions .                party upon request, and such certification shall
                     Electronically scanned images of the published statutes.
 985 .08 LEGAL NOTICES                                                                                           4564

  be presumptive evidence of the correct adjust-          excluding the first day and including the last ; if
  ments .<A 5 1/2-point type face set on a 6-point        the last day be Sunday or a .legal holiday the
  slug shall be acceptable in lieu of a standard line,    party shall have the next secular day in which to
  but the rate for the 5.1/2-point type line shall not    do the act or take such proceeding .
  exceed the rate for a standard line as set forth in        Cros s Reference: See 801 15 for, exception as to computa-
  sub . (1) .                                             tion of time
      (3) The publisher may increase rates allowed.d
  by this section up to 15 per cent for each 4,000 of     985 . 10. . Publication on Sunday. Any legal
 circulation or fraction thereof above 8,000 of           notice may be published in a newspaper printed
 circulation, based on previous year-end circula-         on, Sunday, . :and such publication is a lawful
 tion figures, but not to exceed an additional            publication and a .full compliance with the order
 increase of 75 percent,                                  of the court of officer ordering such publication ;
     (4) In all counties having a,population of           and any such notice that may, by law or the order
 500,000 or more, the fees for the publication of a       of any court, be required to be published for any
 legal notice may be equal to, but not in excess of,      given number of weeks may be published on any
 the regular publishing rate actually required of         day in each week of such term, and if so
 private advertisers for similar advertising mat-         published as many weeks and as many times in
 ter.                                                     each weekk as may be required by such law or
    (5) Except as otherwise provided in this              order, it shall be a lawful publication thereof' .
 section, no fee shall be paid and no public funds
 shall be used for subsidizing any privately owned        985 . 11 Fees - . and work on Sunday. (1) In
 newspaper for payment for any legal notice,             any action to recover compensation for publica-
 which newspaper has not previously qualified as         tion of legal notices, it shall be no defense that
 a public newspaper, as defined in s . 985 .03 .         such publication was dated, printed- or issued on
     ( 6) In additiom to, required legal notice, the     the first day of"the week .
 requisitioning agency. may alsoo publish such              (2) In any action to recover compensation for
 notice in other media such as trade journals and        labor performed on any newspaper, dated,
 newspapers published in this state devoted              published or issued on the first day of the week, it
 substantially to the publication of official notices    shall be no defense that such labor was
 to bidders, but such additional notice shall not be     performed on the first day of the week ..
 construed as a legal notice
     (7) Fees established herein are applicable to       985. 12 Proof of publ ication . (1) A FFID AVIT
 legal notices and are not intended to restrict the      OF PxixTaxG . The affidavit of the editor,
 use of classified and display advertising which is      publisher, printer or proprietor of any news-
 not required by statute to be publishedd or legal       paper, or of his foreman or principal clerk, of the
 notices which the requisitioning :agency orders to      publication of any legal notice, annexed to a-copy
 be published in a classified or display manner,         of the notice clipped from the newspaper ;% and
The discretion of utilizing the display method of        specifying the date of eachh insertion ; and the
publishing official materials shall be vested            paper in which it was published, shall be received
solely in the public authority ordering such             in all cases as presumptive evidence of the
publication and the rate charged for publication         publication and of the facts stated therein .
in this instance shall not exceed the regular                (2) TIME OF FILING . Such affidavit may be
commercial display advertising rate of the               filed with the proper officer at any time after the
publisher .                                              last day of the publication of such 'notice, unless
    (8) Upon request, a tear sheet proof of a            the filing time is other wise specified,
multiple insertion notice shall be mailed to the            (3) SAME, The affidavit of publication of any
advertiser or his attorney within 72 hours after         notice of a sale of real property y required by law to
the first insertion, and an additional charge of $1      be publishedd may be filed, at any time within 6
for such tear sheet proof may be made, :                 months after the last day of such publication,
                                                         with thee r'egister' of deeds of the county in which
985.09. Computation of time , Sundays ,                  the premises are situated .:
legal holidays . (1) The time for publication of            (4) ' FEE . The fee for an affidavit of
legal notices shall be computed so as to exclude         publication shall be $1 :
the first day of publication and include the day
on which ,the act or event, of which notice is           985 . 13 Change of name or discon-
given, is to happenn or which completes the full         tinuance of paper . (1) Whenever a legal
period required for publication .                        notice is required or ordered to be published in a
   (2) The time within which an act is to be done        particular newspaper and the name of such
or proceeding had or taken, as prescribed by the         newspaperr is changed before such publication is
rules of procedure, shall - be computed by               commenced or before it is completed; : the
                 Electronically scanned images of the published statutes.
4565                                                                     LEGAL NOTICES 985.15

publication shall be made or continued in the legal notice may be published in a newspaper
newspaper under its new name with the same printed in an adjoining county ; and proof' by
effect as if the name had not been changed . The affidavit of the reason why such publication was
proof of the publication, in addition to other made in an adjoining county shall accompany
requirements, shall state the change of name and the proof of publication, or the order for
specify the period of publication in,,, such publication, when any is necessary, may be made
newspaper under each name. or amended by the court of judge so as to
    (2) When a newspaper ceases to be published ' designate a newspaper in an adjoining county,
before the publication of a legal notice is uponn affidavit showing the necessity therefor,
commenced, or when commenced ceases before Whenever a legal notice is required by law to be
such publication is completed, the or'der' for published in a newspaper' in any county having a
publication, when one is required in the first village or, city situated partly in said county and
instance, may be amended by order of the court partly in an adjoining county where there is no
or ,judge, on proof of the fact by affidavit, so as to newspaper printed in such village or city within
designate another newspaper, as may be the county first mentioned, but there is a
necessary; and if no order is required in the first newspaper published in such village or city
instance such publication may be made or within such adjoining county, such notice may be
completed in any other newspaper ; and any time ; published in such last mentioned newspaper .,
during which such notice is published in the first
newspaper shall be reckoned a part of the time
required for the publication thereof, proof of 985 . 15 Forfeiture for refusal to publish . If
which may be made by affidavit of any person the publisher or printer of a newspaper shall,
acquainted with the facts The second newspaper after payment or, tender of his legal fees therefor-,
may be one published in an adjoining county in refuse or wilfullyy neglect to publish any legal
the cases mentioned in s . 985 ..14 notice required in pursuance of law or a lawful
                                                     orderr of publication to be published in his
985. 14 Refusal to publish . When there is newspaper, being able to make such publication,
only one newspaper in a county and the publisher he shall forfeit $25, one half'' to the party
thereof refuses to publish a legal notice, such prosecuting thei efoi,

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