The California State Budget STATE BUDGET TIMELINE January – Governor’s Proposed Budget This budget reflects the Governor's goals and objectives for the forthcoming year including significant issues, policies, and initiatives of the Administration. May – May Revision (AKA The May Revise) Revised budget provides an update of revenues, expenditures, and reserve estimates based upon the latest economic forecast and changes in population, caseload, or enrollment estimates June – Final Budget The Enacted Budget reflects the state spending plan passed by the Legislature and signed by the Governor. The Legislature is constitutionally required to pass the budget by June 15, though in recent years it rarely has met the deadline. The Budget needs a 2/3 vote of each house to pass. (In most states only a simple majority is required.) The Governor may use line-item vetoes. TERMS Revenue Limit Equalization General purpose money districts receive per pupil (ADA) Funds allocated, on occasion, by the Legislature to from a combination of state taxes and local property address inequalities and raise the funding level of school taxes. Originally, revenue limits were calculated for each districts with lower revenue limits toward the statewide district based on historical spending patterns and varied average based on size and type of district. considerably. Mandate Categorical Funding Federal or State required services and programs that Funds to qualifying districts for a particular purpose or must be provided by a school district. special program in addition to their revenue limit. Special Education and Class Size Reduction are two of IMPORTANT EVENTS the largest state programs in terms of dollars. In general, IN CALIFORNIA SCHOOL FUNDING schools or districts must spend the money for the specific purpose. Serrano v. Priest - 1976 California Supreme Court decision declared the local ADA - Average Daily Attendance property tax-based system of school funding to be A measure of student attendance--the total number of unconstitutional, violating the equal protection clause. days of student attendance divided by the total number Required basic per pupil funding of school districts of days in the regular school year— used by the state to (within categories of districts) to be equal or within a determine a school district’s general purpose funding. A small margin. Categorical funding is excluded from the school district’s general fund or unrestricted money is formula. figured by multiplying ADA times the district’s Revenue Limit. Schools are funded based on the number of Proposition 13 – 1978 students in attendance, not the number of students Constitutional amendment passed by California voters. enrolled. Capped property tax rate & limited increases in assessed values. Required two-thirds vote for new local COLA - Cost of Living Adjustment taxes. Local property taxes no longer the major source Increase in state or federal funding based on inflation of school funding—shift to state funding. The governor figures. In California, the law states that schools should and the legislature took over the allocation of local receive a certain COLA based on the Implicit Price property taxes to schools, cities, counties, and special Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of districts. Goods and Services. Proposition 98 – 1988 Lottery Constitutional amendment passed by California voters. Gambling games approved by California voters in Guarantees a minimum funding level for K-14 public November 1984. 34% of lottery revenues are distributed education, figured by a complex formula based on tax to public schools, colleges, and universities educational revenue. The Prop 98 guarantee may be suspended for purposes. Lottery income comprises less than 2% of K– a year by a two-thirds vote of the legislature with the 12 education funding annually. governor’s signature.
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