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Metamorphoses Summary

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					                          Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education
                         Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Worcester Public Schools
                                 Supported by: National Science Foundation



Life Sciences: 4.E.1                   _________________________________________________________________

Metamorphosis


Grade Level             4

Sessions                40 minutes
Seasonality             N/A
Instructional Mode(s)   Whole class
Team Size               N/A
WPS Benchmarks          04.SC.IS.01
                        04.SC.TE.06
                        04.SC.LS.01
                        04.SC.LS.06
MA Frameworks           3-5.IS.1
                        3-5.TE.1.1
                        3-5.TE.2.3
                        3-5.LS.4
Key Words               Metamorphosis

Summary
Students will design a creature that goes through three stages of metamorphosis. In
order to show the importance of metamorphosis to the creatures’ survival the students
will also design three different predators (simple ideas, nothing complicated), for each
step in the creatures metamorphosis. The creature must have some sort of defense
against the imaginary predator in each metamorphosis phase.

Learning Objectives
2002 Worcester Public Schools (WPS) Benchmarks for Grade 4
04.SC.IS.01 Ask questions and make predictions that can be tested.
04.SC.TE.06 Identify relevant design features for building a prototype of a solution to a
given problem.
04.SC.LS.01 Describe the major stages that characterize the life cycle of the frog and
butterfly as they go through metamorphosis.
04.SC.LS.06 Compare and contrast the physical characteristics of plants or animals
from widely different environments (desert vs. tropical plants; aquatic vs. terrestrial
animals). Explore how each is adapted to its habitat.

Additional Learning Objectives
  1. 04.SC.IS.01 Ask questions and make predictions that can be tested.


                                                  1 of 7
                           Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education
                          Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Worcester Public Schools
                                  Supported by: National Science Foundation

   1. 3-5.TE.2.1 Identify materials used to accomplish a design task based on a
       specific property, i.e., weight, strength, hardness, and flexibility.
   2. 3-5.TE.2.3 Identify relevant design features for building a prototype of a solution
       to a given problem.
   3. 3-5.LS.4 Describe the major stages that characterize the life cycle of the frog and
       butterfly as they go through metamorphosis.
   4. Identify relevant design features for building a prototype of a solution to a given
       problem.
   5. Describe the major stages that characterize the life cycle of the frog and butterfly
       as the go through metamorphosis.

Required Background Knowledge
None

Essential Questions
  1. How is metamorphosis important to a frog/butterfly’s life cycle?
   2. Name the three most notable stages the butterfly goes through?
   3. What are the four phases of a frog’s metamorphosis?

Introduction / Motivation
Before delivering the lesson it is recommended that the teacher presents the provided
transparency, Metamorphosis Transparency, which shows some common stages of
metamorphosis. While presenting the transparency the different stages of the frog’s and
butterfly’s metamorphosis should be discussed emphasizing the importance to the
animal’s life cycle and growth it has. While they’re creating their own creature the kids
should be thinking of exaggerated characteristics that would really need to be used in its
life cycle and metamorphosis

Procedure
   The instructor will:
   1. Pass out lined paper and drawing paper to the students.
   2. Tell the students to write a paragraph about the creature that they are creating.




                                                   2 of 7
                     Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education
                    Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Worcester Public Schools
                            Supported by: National Science Foundation

3. After the students have decided on their creature and written their paragraph,
   pass out Metamorphosis Activity.
4. After the students have completed the Metamorphosis Activity, have students
   volunteer to tell the class about the creatures they designed and what the stages
   of metamorphosis for the creature are.




                                             3 of 7
                         Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education
                        Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Worcester Public Schools
                                Supported by: National Science Foundation




Materials List
Materials per student             Amount                                         Location
White Lined               2                               Office Supply Store
Drawing Paper             4                               Office Supply Store
Crayons/Markers           1 package                       Office Supply Store


Vocabulary with Definitions (in alphabetical order)
  1. Metamorphosis - Metamorphosis: A change in the form and often habits of an
       animal during normal development after the embryonic stage. Metamorphosis
       includes, in insects, the transformation of a maggot into an adult fly and a
       caterpillar into a butterfly and, in amphibians, the changing of a tadpole into a
       frog.

Assessment / Evaluation of Students
  The instructor may assess the students in any/all of the following manners:
       1. Graded on creativity.
       2. Graded on participation.
       3. Graded on effort.

Lesson Extensions
   1. Kids could make posters of their creature changing and present it to the class.

Attachments
   1. Metamorphosis Activity
   2. Metamorphosis Transparency

Troubleshooting Tips
If the students are having trouble with the project, give them an example. For instance
baby sea turtles often never make it to sea because they are eaten on the beaches
during their long treacherous crawl. So maybe it would be wise to have them born with
some basic form like a snake then once it hits the sea it would develop into a turtle.

Safety Issues
None


                                                 4 of 7
                        Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education
                       Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Worcester Public Schools
                               Supported by: National Science Foundation




Additional Resources
None

Key Words
Metamorphosis




                                                5 of 7
Name: _________________________              Date: ___________________



                               Metamorphosis Activity

  a. Draw a picture of the creature you have designed. Be sure to label the important
     design features of your creature.




  b. Draw a picture of your creature during each phase of metamorphosis.




  c. Draw a picture of the predators you have created.
Photos adopted from: www.amonline.net.au; www.calm.wa.gov.

				
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