What Is Satire

Document Sample
What Is Satire Powered By Docstoc
					Lesson Plan Title: Allegory, Satire and Irony

Concept / Topic To Teach: What is Satire and Irony and why is important that we can
identify it in literature and speech.

Standards Addressed:

General Goal(s):
 To introduce students to the topic of satire and irony

Specific Objectives:
                To give students to general definitions of irony and satire
                To introduce students to the proper uses of irony and satire
                To use examples that would help us discern truth when reading

Required Materials:
 Movie Clip of Youtube
Comic Strip

Anticipatory Set (Lead-In):
The students have watched the God’s Must be Crazy in SS class and will have seen many
scene that are propped up with satire and irony

Step-By-Step Procedures:
      Catch – Place on the Overhead the cartoon of Calvin and Hobbs
      Have the students read and than show the sort clip of the movie – S
      Tell the students that they have just view one instance of satire and one instance
       of irony.
      Read from the book – Animal Farm – Allegory
      Place the definitions of the board for students to copy
      An allegory is an extended metaphor, especially a story in which fictional
       characters and actions are used to understand and express aspects of concepts
       relating to human existence. Example – A Parables – John Bunyun – Pilgram’s
      Satire - A manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to
       improve mankind and human institutions. Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and several other
       techniques are almost always present. The satirist may insert serious statements of value
       or desired behavior, but most often he relies on an implicit moral code, understood by his
       audience and paid lip service by them. Examples include TV shows like this Hour has 22
       minutes, Political Cartoons and any song by Weird Al.
      Irony isa trope in which an expression is used in such a fashion as to convey the
       opposite meaning of what is expressed. Example – saying to a mud splattered
       child You’re a pretty sight.
Verbal irony: A writer or speaker says one thing, but really means something
completely different.
Situational irony: What is expected to happen is the opposite of what occurs.
Dramatic irony: The reader or audience knows something the character does not.

      Introduce a comparison chart that helps student build knowledge on when it is
       appropriate and unappreciated to use it
      Help students understand that they are best used when emphasizing truth.
 The best satire does not seek to do harm or damage by its ridicule, unless we speak of
damage to the structure of vice, but rather it seeks to create a shock of recognition and
to make vice repulsive so that the vice will be expunged from the person or society under
attack or from the person or society intended to benefit by the attack (regardless of who is
the immediate object of attack); whenever possible this shock of recognition is to be
conveyed through laughter or wit: the formula for satire is one of honey and medicine.
Far from being simply destructive, satire is implicitly constructive, and the satirists
themselves, whom I trust concerning such matters, often depict themselves as such
constructive critics. In his "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift," for example, Swift denies
any malicious intent in his works, and affirms his purpose was correction

Plan For Independent Practice:
 Using the Movie the God’s – note at least two examples of Irony and satire

Closure (Reflect Anticipatory Set):
Share ideas in class and have students file notes in binders

Assessment Based On Objectives:
                 Ask what is the general definitions of irony and satire
                 Ask when do we use irony and satire
                 Ask students to share examples from the movie that help us discern truth
                  when reading
Adaptations (For Students With Learning Disabilities):
 Copy definitions – Have them listen to a story on computer -
Possible Connections To other subjects
How does knowing this help us discern worldview
Word Choice                               Topic - Satire and Irony

Often misused as conventions of writing irony and satire appear as rude and
overstated conventions that

                When should it be used?      When should it not be used?