Panda Research by DetoxRetox

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									            Red panda research in
Red Panda




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                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Catbear keeping since 1997
Red Panda




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                                  Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure characteristics
Red Panda   A)   a large naturalistic exhibit
            B)   exhibit layout and planting to emulate a natural habitat in China
            C)   aesthetically appealing exhibit (through the use of a transparent perimeter,
                 for example)
            D)   a mixed exhibit featuring red pandas and Chinese muntjacs as well as white-
                 eared pheasants and blue magpies as attractive representatives of their
                 central Asian habitat




            1.   Enclosure for red pandas and Chinese muntjacs - 1100 m²
            2.   Aviary for white-eared pheasants and blue magpies - 165 m²
            3.   Visitor area (China pavilion, playground) - 300 m²
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                                                                 Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure characteristics
Red Panda                     SECRET PATH




                                                            PLAYGROUND




              CHINESE
              PAVILION




                AVIARY FOR
                WHITE EARED
                PHEASANTS




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                                            Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure - plant list
            Trees:
Red Panda   Aralia chinensis
            Davidia involucrata var. Vilmor.   Vines:
            Juniperus x media                  Clematis montana
            Sorbus vilmorinii
            Taxus baccata                      Shrubs:
            Tilia x euchlora                   Cornus controversa`variegata
            Tsuga canadensis                   Decaisnea fargesii
                                               Phyllostachys aureosulcata
            Other Plants:                      Rhododendron camchaticum
            Aconitum henryi                    Rhododendron canadense
            Aconitum charmichaelii             Rhododendron catawbiense-hybr.
            Corydalis lutea                    Rhododendron insigne brigitte
            Ligularia dentata                  Rhododendron kelecticum
            Ligularia wilsoniana               Rhododendron lavendula
            M. integrifolia                    Rhododendron oreodoxa
            Meconopsis betonicifolia           Rhododendron vaseyi
            Mentha longifolia                  Rhododendron wardii `goldbukett
            P. odoratum                        Sasa palmata
            P. verticillatum                   Sinarundinaria murielae
            Paeonia officinalis                Sinarundinaria nitida
            Polygonatum multiflorum
            Primula dendiculata
            Rodgersia aescusifolia
    5       Sasaella aigentea




                                                             Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure - plants
Red Panda




            Davidia involucrata
            Dove Tree
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                                  Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure - plants
Red Panda                                Magnolia x soulangiana
                                         Tulip tree




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                                 Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Enclosure - plants
Red Panda
            Sinarundinaria nitida
            Bamboo




    8

                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Activity research in 1998
                                Publication 2001
Red Panda                       Zoologischer Garten 71: 209-220
                                Remarks on Feeding Behaviour and Activity of
                                Red Pandas (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) in a large
                                exhibit
                                Anmerkungen zum Nahrungsverhalten und zur
                                Aktivität Roter Pandas (Ailurus fulgens fulgens)
                                in einem großen Freigehege
                                A. Gebauer, Görlitz & S. Engler, Dresden




                                Activity patterns of two female red pandas
    9                           in August/September 1998
                                (SA=Sunrise, SU=Sunset)



                                            Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Activity research in 1998
Red Panda      %         Ruhen

             100
              80

              60
              40
              20
              0




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                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Activity research in 1998
Red Panda
            100         Lokomotion
             80

             60

             40

             20
             0




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                                     Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Activity research in 1998
            bimodal daily activity pattern, crepuscular with substantial nocturnal activity
Red Panda
                           %
                         100
                                                        Naturschutz-Tierpark Görlitz Sept./Okt. 1998
                                                        Wolong (Johnson et al. 1988)
                         80



                         60
             Aktivität




                         40



                         20



                          0
                               0     2       4      6       8       10      12      14      16         18       20        22     Uhr



   12                      Comparison of the activity pattern of a wild red panda (Johnson et al. 1988) in China (Wolong)
                           with the pattern of two zoo animals in Naturschutz-Tierparks Görlitz



                                                                                                 Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            First male in 2000
Red Panda




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                                 Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            First pairing in 2001
Red Panda




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                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Breeding since 2001
Red Panda




                     2001-2007 5 litters with 8 cubs
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                                                Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            2007 – BBC request
Red Panda




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                                 Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Box for filming and research
Red Panda




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                                  Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Birth of a female – 06/06/2007
Red Panda




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                                   Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Continuous observations
            of dam and cub behaviour between 09/06/2007 and 10/02/2008
Red Panda

             Video records with security camera
             Saved on a hard-disc recorder
             Recordings checked
             All behaviors noted
             Important scenes saved digitally

            In addition:
              Some sound recordings
              Single observations outside den




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                                                  Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            First results
            Maternal care and cub development
Red Panda




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                                                Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Nest building behaviour
Red Panda




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                                  Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
               Denning time of dam
                                      20
Red Panda
                                      16




                      Hours per day
                                      12

                                       8

                                       4

                                       0
                                           0   10   20   30         40    50          60           70
                                                         Cub-age (days)




   22       65 days                                           138 days



                                                                           Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Cub sleeping
                                                     Cub sleeping week 1

Red Panda                                70

                                         60




                % of daily behavior
                                         50

                                         40

                                         30

                                         20

                                         10

                                          0
                                           0:00   4:00      8:00   12:00   16:00   20:00   0:00
                                                                   Tim e                          4 days
                                                         Cub sleeping week 2

                                         70
                % of daily behavior




                                         60



                                         50



                                         40
                                           0:00   4:00      8:00   12:00   16:00   20:00   0:00
                                                                   Tim e                          65 days

                                                         Cub sleeping week 3

                                         70
                   % of daily behavior




                                         60



                                         50



                                         40


   23                                      0:00   4:00      8:00   12:00
                                                                   Tim e
                                                                           16:00   20:00   0:00


                                                                                                  150 days




                                                                                                             Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Nursing activities
                                                Nursing-bouts

Red Panda    Time
              00:00
             20:00
             16:00
             12:00
             08:00
             04:00
             00:00
                      0        10    20             30            40     50   60   70




                                         Daily number of nursing-bouts

             n
             8

             6

             4

             2

             0
                 0        10        20            30             40      50   60   70




                                              Daily nursing-time

              h:m
             2:00
             1:40
             1:20
             1:00
             0:40
             0:20
             0:00                                                                         24.10.07
   24                 0        10    20             30            40
                                                       Cub-age (days)
                                                                         50   60   70     15:43:00




                                                                                        Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Cub carrying
Red Panda                         20

                                  16




                minutes per day
                                  12

                                   8

                                   4

                                   0
                                       0   10   20             30      40               50
                                                     Cub-age




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                                                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Play Behaviour
Red Panda




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                             Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Play Behaviour
Red Panda




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                             Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Play Behaviour
            Ethogram of social play
Red Panda   Initiation behaviors
            Bite Move               Incomplete biting with open mouth (no bite the other animal)
            Head Shake              Shaking head back and forth/up and down (oriented toward another animal)
            Paw Laying              Careful and markedly slow paw laying on the back of the other animal
            Paw Move                Incomplete paw swat: Holding up of paw, but not swat the opponent
            Backwards Approach      Approaching to the opponent with (back)side.


            Play bout behaviors
            Climb                   With paw contact to another animal
            Stand Over              On hind legs and perpendicular to the other animal’s body, contact with paws
            Bite                    Mouth on some part of the other animal: pulling, visibly stretching the opponent’s skin or chewing its
                                    fur
            Claw                    Swiping movements at opponent’s body with front and/or back paws, from laying position, and
                                    thrusting body forward
            Paw Swat                Beating another animal with paw(s) - making brief physical contact, standing on hind legs



            Termination behaviors
            Break Away              Breaking contact with other animal, remaining without contact or orientation
            Push                    Lifting of fore or hind paws and placing pressure on the opponent to break a bite-hold


            Turn                    Twisting and/or rolling to break a bite-hold


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                                                                                          Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Play Behaviour
Red Panda




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                             Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
                  Vocalizations
                              10
                                                        ailful-11-16-22sum.wav, 7 weeks, 25.07.2007
Red Panda                      8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                              10   0.5    1.0    1.5      2.0         2.5     3.0      3.5      4.0       4.5       5.0
                                                                                                                                  Squeaking
            Frequency (kHz)


                               8
                               6                                                                                                  during
                               4
                               2
                                                                                                                                  suckling
                              10   6.0    6.5    7.0     7.5          8.0     8.5      9.0      9.5      10.0      10.5
                               8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                                   11.5   12.0   12.5    13.0        13.5     14.0     14.5     15.0     15.5      16.0       s


                              10
                                                                ailful01.wav, 3 months, 19.09.2002
                               8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                              10   0.5    1.0    1.5      2.0        2.5      3.0      3.5      4.0       4.5       5.0
            Frequency (kHz)




                               8                                                                                                  Distress
                               6
                               4
                                                                                                                                  calls of a
                               2                                                                                                  sick cub
                              10   6.0    6.5    7.0     7.5         8.0      8.5      9.0      9.5      10.0      10.5
                               8
                               6
                               4

   30                          2

                                   11.5   12.0   12.5    13.0        13.5     14.0     14.5     15.0     15.5      16.0      s




                                                                                                       Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Vocalizations

            Frequency (kHz)
                              10
                                                               ailful-cherub-juv1day-02.wav
Red Panda                      8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                                       0.5    1.0    1.5         2.0      2.5       3.0       3.5          4.0        4.5        5.0          s



                                                    Cub first day – whistles and chirps
                Frequency (kHz)




                                  10                            ailful-cherub-copula-03.wav
                                   8
                                   6
                                   4
                                   2

                                       0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 s

                                                    Male during pairing – whistles-chirp

   31                                                      Sound from film „Cherub of the mist“



                                                                                                    Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            Vocalizations

            Frequency (kHz)
                              10                      ailful-03.wav, juv. 7 weeks, 25.07.2007
Red Panda                      8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                                    0.2         0.4         0.6           0.8         1.0          1.2           1.4           1.6        s

                                                           Puffing/attack snorts
            Frequency (kHz)




                              10                        ailful-15.wav, female, 25.07.2007

                               8
                               6
                               4
                               2

                                   0.5    1.0    1.5       2.0      2.5      3.0      3.5       4.0      4.5       5.0      5.5           s
                                                       Sniffing noises after attack


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                                                                                                Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008
            With confidence into the future
Red Panda




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                                   Red Panda Research, Axel Gebauer, Oct. 2008

								
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