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					                               range from $ 5
                               to
                               acre annually.
                               The
                                      $10    per


                                       highest
                                                   University.
                                                   1998.(http://ext.msstate.edu:80/pubs/pub153
                                                   8.htm).last accessed 5/9/02
                                                                                                      Landowner Liability In Fee-Hunting
                                                                                                    Enterprises. Lee Stribling, Alabama
                                                                                                    Cooperative Extension System. ANR-553,
                                                                                                                                                                               Hunting Leases on
                                                                                                                                                                               Private Land
                               rates are for         Lease Hunting Opportunities for                Reprinted December 1996.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               EDUCATING THE PUBLIC
                               properties with     Oklahoma Landowners. Ron, Masters, Terry           www.aces.edu/department/extcomm/pub-                                                                                                                     ABOUT SUSTAINABLE
                               special habitat     Bidwell, Steven Anderson and Michael D.          lications/anr/ANR-553/anr553main.html last                                                                                                                 LAND-BASED BUSINESSES
                               (like for water-    Porter. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension           accessed 5/9/02
                               fowl    ),   very   Service, Division of Agricultural Sciences and
                               high     wildlife                                                      Lease and Fee Hunting, Supplemental


                                                                                                                                                  M
                                                   Natural Resources Factsheet F-5032. 1990.                                                                anagement for wood products, like timber and firewood, is difficult to jus-
                               population and      http://agweb.okstate.edu/pearl/forestry/gen-     Income From Wildlife On Your Land. H. Lee
                                                                                                                                                            tify on an economic basis alone due to the small size of most parcels of
                               close to cities.    eral/f-5032.pdf                                  Stribling, Alabama Cooperative Extension
                                                                                                                                                            forestland in Rhode Island and the long term nature of forest manage-
                                                                                                    System. . ANR-532, May 1989.                  ment. Managing for alternative forest uses, like hunting and/or fishing leases, could
                                    There    are     Real Property: Leasing Land For Hunting        http://www.aces.edu/department/extcomm/publ
                                                                                                                                                  prove to be an avenue for generating income, at least enough to pay property
some     expenses,      such    as    property                                                      ications/anr/ANR-0532/anr532main.html last
                                                   and Other Recreational Uses. Thomas J.                                                         taxes reducing the likelihood the land will have to be sold.
improvement or advertising, could result in        Allen, Dennis K. Smith and Anthony Ferrise.      accessed 5/9/02
a higher price and should be carefully                                                                                                            The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of leasing land for hunting
                                                   West Virginia University Extension Service.
evaluated.                                                                                            Lease and Fee Hunting, Supplemental         and/or fishing as a forest based business and direct interested individuals to other
                                                   R.D. Publication 726. Updated August 1997.
                                                                                                    Income From Wildlife On Your Land. H. Lee     sources of information.
   This is obviously not a lucurative enter-                                                        Stribling, Alabama Cooperative Extension
                                                     Wildlife Habitat Improvement: Woodlands
prise but at a minimum landowners can                                                               System. . ANR-532, May 1989.
                                                   and Wildlife. Dianne E. Yorke and Victor
expect to recover the cost of property
                                                   Young. Uni versity of New Hampshire
                                                                                                    http://www.aces.edu/department/extcomm/publ   Overview                                             er control access to their property and can
                                                                                                                                                                                                       decide who uses it for recreation. A hunting
taxes.                                                                                              ications/anr/ANR-0532/anr532main.html last
                                                   Cooperative Extension. September 1995.                                                           Access fees to private land, in the form of        lease is an agreement between a landowner
                                                                                                    accessed 5/9/02
                                                   http://ceinfo.unh.edu/wild1021.pdf last                                                        leases, are not a new concept; there are             and sportsman(s) that grants access to a
Other Sources of                                   accessed 5/9/02.                                                                               well-developed markets for fee-based recre-          property for hunting or fishing. This can
                                                                                                      Hunting Lease and Permits. Stribling, H.
Information                                                                                                                                       ation in the southern and western United             involve long- term (seasonal) leases or short          the responsibilities of the parties involved to
                                                                                                    Lee. Alabama Cooperative Extension
                                                                                                                                                  States as well as other parts of the world.          term (daily fee).                                      ensure there are no misunderstandings.
                                                    RI DEPARTMENT OF                                System. Publication ANR-541. 1994.
  Earning Additional Income through Hunt                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Although sample leases are available in
                                                                                                                                                  Loss of traditional hunting and fishing areas
                                                    ENVIRONMENTAL                                   http://www.aces.edu/department/extcomm/p
Leases on Private Land. Craig A. Harper,                                                                                                          to development and crowded public areas                                                                     publications such as Tips For Hunting
                                                    MANAGEMENT & THE RURAL                          ublications/anr/ANR-0541/anr541main.html                                                               A hunting preserve is land upon which
Charles E. Dixon, Paul M. Jakus, and D. Alan                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Leases from University of Georgia or
                                                                                                                                                  makes some people willing to pay for a high
                                                    LANDS COALITION SUBCOMMITTEE                    last accessed 5/9/02                                                                               commercially raised game animals or fish               Hunting Leases and Permits frrom
Barefield. University of Tennessee, Agricultural
                                                    PARTICIPANTS INCLUDE:                                                                         quality recreational experience close to their
Extension Service. PB 1627. 1999.                                                                                                                                                                      are released. Game preserves are licensed              Alabama Cooperative Extension, An attor-
                                                                                                                                                  home.
                                                    Rhode Island DEM:                                                                                                                                  by DEM, with a minimum acreage (120                    ney should be consulted to insure you are
                                                     Office of Sustainable Watersheds                                                                                                                  acres) and special record keeping require-
  Enhancement of Wildlife Habitat on                                                                                                                                                                                                                          adequately protected and all legal require-
                                                     Division of Forest Environment                                                                 With proper planning and management,
Private Lands. J.D. Decker, and J.W. Kelley.                                                                                                                                                           ments.                                                 ments are met.
                                                     Division of Agriculture                                                                      owners of large parcels of forest land (or
Information Bulletin 181. Cornell Cooperative
Extension. Department of Natural Resources.
                                                    Rhode Island Forest Conservators                                                              associations of landowners) could generate
                                                                                                                                                  supplemental income. There is the addition -            Landowners, and people hunting or fish-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Conclusion
New York State College of Agriculture and Life      Organization
                                                    Southern New England Forest Consortium                                                        al benefit of oversight provided by lessees          ing , must adhere to rules and regulations                Forestland contains a resource that, if
Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. 1998.                                                                                                                                                                                                               properly managed, can attract clients and
                                                    USDA, Natural Resources Conservation                                                          on property that is frequently trespassed on         established by the state for hunting and fish-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              generate enough income to offset manage -
                                                    Service                                                                                       or vandalized. In addition, they may be will-        ing, including season restrictions, bag limits,
  Tips for Hunting Leases. Jeff, Jackson.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ment expenses. In many cases, the use of
                                                                                                                                                  ing to perform maintenance activities such           and licensing requirements.
Leaflet 397. Cooperative Extension Service.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   property for hunting is granted to           family
                                                    FOR MORE INFORMATION                                                                          as habitat improvement, marking property
University of Georgia, College of                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and friends. On some properties charging
                                                    CONTACT:                                                                                      boundaries, and trail maintenance.
Environmental Sciences. April 1997.
http://www.forestry.uga.edu/warnell/service/libr    RI DEM, Division of Forest Environment                                                                                                               The Leasing Process                                  fees for access for hunting may be a way
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to pay property expenses.
ary/index.php3?docID=323&docHistory%5B%             (401) 637-3367 or visit our website at:
                                                                                                                                                    Technically, landowners do not own and                A lease is a legal document that spells
                                                    www.state.ri.us/dem/programs
5D=13. last accessed 5/9/02.                                                                                                                      cannot sell wild animals (they are publically        out the terms and conditions of the agree-
                                                    USDA, Natural Resources Conservation                                                                                                                                                                         Charging fees for access to hunt or fish
                                                    Service (401) 828-1300                                                                        owned by the state). Landowners do howev -           ment. A well written lease clearly identifies
  Landowners Guide To Working With
Sportspersons in Mississippi. Dean Stewart.
Publication 1538. Mississippi State                                                                                                                       Sponsored by Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, in cooperation with the Rhode Island Rural Lands Coalition
                                                                                                                                                          Project funding provided through a grant from the USDA Forest Service – Rural Development through Forestry Program Programs and
                                                                                                                                                          activities are available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, sexual orientation, or national origin.
has the potential to develop into a viable                                                          quality of the habitat can be improved to         and can obtained coverage for a small fee.
alternative forest business in Rhode Island.            Tips for Hunting Leases                     favor one or more game species.         Active    If the lessee is responsible for liability insur-
Property owners receive revenue to help pay                                                         management could improve the value of             ance it should be specified in the lease.
                                                    • Describe the land to be leased.
property expenses and receive the benefit                                                           most properties for leasing but the cost          Additional umbrella liability coverage may
                                                    • Include a clause to state the dates
of additional oversight while The lessee ben-                                                       and benefit would vary considerably. The          be available for landowners through their
                                                       covered by the lease.
efits from a reserved, uncrowded hunting or                                                         lessee may be willing to do some of the           standard (homeowner) insurance policy.
                                                    • Prevent the lessee(s) from subleasing
fishing spot that is managed in a sustain-             the property.                                work (this should be written into the lease
ablemanner to promote wildlife populations.         • State clearly which rights are included       agreement).

                                                       in the lease, including the kind of ani-
                                                                                                                                                      Management
                                                       mals the lessee may hunt.
Assessment                                          • Require that lessee(s) observe State          Liability                                           Although it is      impossible to provide
                                                                                                                                                      habitat for all types of wildlife, forest man -
                                                       and Federal fish and wildlife laws.
   Before deciding to lease, evaluate your                                                            Concern over liability is an issue discour-     agement can be used as a tool to promote
                                                    • Include a clause to limit your liability
property and other resource .           This                                                        aging many landowners from allowing               diverse habitat and maintain healthy popu -
                                                       for accidents.
assessment will allow you to determine if                                                           hunting on their land. There are several          lations of wildlife. This includes creating a
                                                    • State that lessee(s) is responsible for
your property is suitable for leasing and                                                           ways to ease this concern, including elimi-       mixture of age classes of forest by har-
                                                       posting the land.
whether you have the time and other                                                                 nating saftey hazards on the property, hav-       vesting, maintaining open areas, planting
                                                    • Protect trees from damage and pre-
resources to manage this type of enter-                                                             ing a written lease, and obtaining additional     food plots, and protecting wetlands and
                                                       vent littering.
                                                                                                    insurance.                                        other unique habitat.                               local sportsman who don’t want to travel to          Promotional activities, like ads in sporting
prise.                                              • Reserve the right to cancel the lease.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          enjoy their hobby.                                 magazines, flyers sent to hunting clubs or
                                                    • Have all parties sign the lease.
                                                                                                                                                        Publications providing technical recom -                                                             ads in the classified sections of internet web
   The most important consideration is the          • Have the lease reviewed by a                    A lease may be used to reduce landown-
                                                       attorney.                                    er liability since a clause can be added          mendations for forest management are                  The price of course is determined by             sites, such as www.nesportsman.com or
presence and abundance of game animals
                                                                                                                                                      available, many of them via the internet.           supply and demand. Since little property in        huntri.com, should be designed to attract
and/or fish.   This is determined by the                                                            releasing the landowner from liability for the
                                                                                                                                                      Forest Landowners Guide to Internet                 Rhode Island is leased for hunting it is diffi -   these customers. Contacting local hunting
quality and diversity of habitat on the prop-                                                       safety and actions of the recreationists.
                                                    Another factor to consider is the time                                                                                                                cult to gauge the “going rate”.      A starting    clubs, such as those involved in Federated
                                                                                                    The landowner must still maintain the prop-       Resources, an online publication produced
erty. Some types of wildlife, like waterfowl,   and labor needed to manage the property.
                                                                                                                                                      b yt h e U S D A      F o r e s t S e r v i c e     point may be to use property expenses,             RI Sportsman's Clubs (www.frisc.net) pro-
have special habitat requirements but for                                                           erty and warn against hazardous condi-
                                                A    minimum amount of maintenance is                                                                                                                     quality of habitat, and services provided to       vides access to a number of organizations
                                                                                                    tions.                                            (/www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/misc/ir/index.htm)
the most part a mixture of habitat insures      needed to insure lessees have a safe and
                                                                                                                                                      , provides links to many technical refer-           estimate a fair price. A management fee            whose members are serious about outdoor
the needs of most species are met and           enjoyable         recreational        experience.
                                                                                                                                                      ences. Organizations such as the Ruffed             should be added. Use trail and error to test       recreation.
encourages heathy populations of wildlife.                                                            Although property maintenance and a
                                                Property improvements and specialized                                                                                                                     the market. If there is no interest, lower
                                                                                                    well written lease can reduce landowner lia-      Grouse Society (www.ruffedgrousesoci-
This includes, mature and young forest,
hardwood and conifer stands, wetlands, as
                                                management skills may be required.
                                                                                                    bility, additional insurance is a necessity for   ety.org), Ducks Unlimited(www.ducks.org),           price. It is easier to lower the asking price      Economics
                                                                                                                                                      and the National Wild Turkey Federation             than raise it.                                       Good hunting and fishing opportunities
well as open areas and agricultural fields.                                                         any business enterprise. It is a common
                                                    The cost and benefit of necessary
                                                                                                    practice in the southern U.S. for the person      (www.nwtf.org/) have information about                                                                 are hard to find and most landowners
                                                improvements must be evaluated win
                                                                                                    (or persons) leasing the property are             promoting specific game species available                                                              underestimate the value of their property.
   Another factor is the size of the proper-    terms of the feasibility of leasing property.
                                                                                                    responsible for providing liability isurance.     in print and on their web sites.                                                                       Many sportsmen are willing to pay for a
ty since this determines the species that       All properties provide habitat for some
can be hunted, the number of hunters that       wildlife species, but in most cases the
                                                                                                    Most hunting clubs carry liability insurance                                                                Techniques to Enhand                         high quality recreational experience close

can use the property, and the potential for                                                                                                                                                                        Wildlife Habitat                          to home.

management to improve habitat.        Small
parcels would be limited to small game
                                                                                                                                                      Markets and                                            • Maintain or plant food bearing trees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The potential revenue difficult to esti -

while large acreage provides opportunities
                                                                                                                                                      Advertising                                               and/or shrubs
                                                                                                                                                                                                             • Establish dense stands of conifers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             mate since this is a relatively new concept
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             in the northeast and few properties are
to hunt larger animals and allows more                                                                                                                                                                          for cover
                                                                                                                                                        Important steps in marketing a hunting                                                               available for comparision.        The price
hunters. Working with adjacent landown-                                                                                                                                                                      • Thin the forest to promote the growth
                                                                                                                                                      lease include identifying potential cus-                                                               received can vary dramatically depending
ers to cooperatively lease property is a                                                                                                                                                                        and acorn production of oaks
                                                                                                                                                      tomers, determining the price to charge, and                                                           on the quality of wildlife habitat on the
possibility.                                                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintain small grassy openings scat-
                                                                                                                                                      promotion to let potential customers know                                                              property and the terms of the lease. It is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tered through the forest
                                                                                                                                                      your product is available.                                                                             unlikely   the   upper   amounts     will   be
   Aesthetic and natural features on the                                                                                                                                                                     • Create food plots, planted to corn,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             received unless the property
property play a factor. Don't overlook the                                                                                                                                                                      alfalfa, winter rye, or sunflowers, to
                                                                                                                                                        Identifying potential customers allows
importance of amenities, such as parking                                                                                                                                                                        provide a source of high energy
                                                                                                                                                      services be tailored to best meet their needs                                                            An informal survey found several thou-
area, restrooms, or a place to dispose of                                                                                                                                                                       food during the winter
                                                                                                                                                      target promotional activities to attract them.                                                         sand acres are leased in Connecticut and
trash.                                                                                                                                                                                                       • Establish buffers around streams,
                                                                                                                                                      Since the product to be offered is an high                                                             Massachusetts with a lease rate of $5 to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ponds, and other wetlands.
                                                                                                                                                      quality, uncrowded, hunting experience                                                                 $30 per acre per year. This is in line with
                                                                                                                                                      close to home, the most likely customers are                                                           rates reported in the southern U. S. (which

				
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