Department of Surveying and Land Studies
1. Garner a good understanding of the theory On completion of this subject, students should be
and mathematical principles of map able to:-
projections. 1. Document history & development of their
2. Construct a map frame using a particular profession;
projection. 2. Be proficient in map reading;
3. Use geo-computation software to do geodetic 3. Explain the principles of map projections &
computations. their applications;
4. Understand the different geo-referencing 4. Define the principles of conventional
systems used in maps and GIS. cartographic techniques;
5. Document the principles of computer graphics
Syllabus: & electronic publishing systems.
Introduction to map projection; mathematical
principles, terminology. Types of projection; Syllabus:
azimuthal, conic and cylindrical projections. History of Cartography and Mapping; The
Special emphasis to Mercator’s, Universal Cartographic & Mapping Professions; Map
Transverse Mercator’s, Lambert Conical Reading & Utilisation; Map Projections; Principles
Conformal, Polyconic, Mollweide’s, PNG’s map of Manual Cartographic Artwork & Reprography;
projection. Geodetic computations. Geo- Computer Graphics & Electronic Publishing.
Textbooks and Materials: Robinson, H.A.,et.al, Elements of
Departmental course modules Cartography,1984.
References: To be provided by the teacher
Assessment: Continuous assessment - 50%
Continuous assessment - 50% Written examination - 50%
Written examination - 50%
Students must pass both assessment components.
SL 251: FIELDWORK I
SL 264: CARTOGRAPHY AND COMPUTER
Hours per week: One week DRAFTING
Syllabus: Hours per week: 6 (2,4)
This fieldwork forms an essential part of the study
of geography. Appropriate practical work is Objectives:
indicated by the general objectives of geography On completion this subject, students should be
courses. The equivalent of one-week field able to:-
excursion & fieldwork is undertaken during the 1. Undertake map and survey plan design and
second semester. layout
2. Skilfully plot and cartographically enhance all
Assessment: types of survey plan from field notes
Continuous assessment - 100% according to specifications using applied and
generic CAD system.
3. Demonstrate a good understanding of the
SL 263: CARTOGRAPHY I theory and mathematical principles of map
Hours per week: 3 (1/2) 4. Construct a map frame using a particular
571 Courses Handbook 2012
Department of Surveying and Land Studies
5. Use geo-computation software to do geodetic Objective:
computations. On completion of this subject, students should be
6. Understand the different geo-referencing able to:-
systems used in maps and GIS. 1. Explain general physical geography of the
7. Demonstrate theoretical and practical world and PNG;
knowledge of topographic mapping processes. 2. Define interrelationship of terrain, climate,
8. Digitally produce and publish topographic geology, soil & vegetation;
map on CAD and map publishing systems. 3. Document the processes which have formed
9. Develop understanding of map printing the physical environment;
technologies. 4. Explain identification of common landforms
from maps, photographs, diagrams and in the
Overview of CAD/CAM Systems hardware &
software components; Basic drawing/graphic Syllabus:
elements, text, edit and element manipulation An Introduction to geographical study, main
functions; Introduction to map projection; physical elements of the world’s and PNG’s
Concepts of geodesy; size and shape of the Earth; physical landscapes and environments including
geoid and ellipsoid; mathematical principles, examination of interrelationships between terrain,
terminology. Types of project; azimuthal, conic climate, geology, soil and vegetation. A
and cylindrical projections. PNG’s map projection. compulsory full-day field excursion will be held
Geodetic computations. Geo-referencing systems. mid-way through the semester.
Preparing the system for drawing; Creating a
drawing on the system; Use of reference manual Textbook:
and context help; PNG survey plan drafting Briggs, D. & Smithson, P., Fundamentals of
standards and plan drawing; Cadastral mapping Physical Geography, 1985.
system of PNG; digital topographic mapping;
Preparation of Base map from Survey of PNG Reference:
Toposheet: Morphometric analysis, Relative Relief Students will be referred to appropriate material
(RR), Dissection Index (DD), Ruggedness Index during the lectures.
(RI), Average Slope (S), Drainage Density (DD),
Stream Order (µ), Bifurcation Ratio (Rb); Assessment:
Electronic publishing; Map and plan printing Continuous assessment - 50%
technologies Written examination - 50%
Textbooks and Materials:
Departmental Course Modules SL 282: GEOGRAPHY II
Hours per week: 2 (1,1)
As prescribed by the subject lecturer On completion of the subject students, should be
Assessment: 1. Explain basic human, settlement and economic
Continuous assessment - 50% geography of the world and PNG;
Written examination - 50% 2. Explain global and PNG’s perspective on
population, resources, culture and settlement
SL 281: GEOGRAPHY I 3. Demonstrate contrasts between western and
non-western societies in the Asia-Pacific
Hours per week: 2 (1, 1) region.
Courses Handbook 2012 572
Department of Surveying and Land Studies
Syllabus: Transverse Mercator (UTM) Projection. The
Geographical Studies in Human, Settlement and Australia Map Grid calculation of convergence,
Economic Systems: Global perspective on scale factors for line, point etc.,
population, resources, culture and settlement Primary traversing. Establishment of higher order
systems; Human-environment relationships and control surveys. reconnaissance, error
spatial analysis; population & resources, cultural propagation. Short line computations: traversing
geography & settlement systems. Special attention on PNG94.
is paid to contrasts between western and non-
western societies in the Asia-Pacific region. Textbook:
Bannister, A and Baker, R.,Solving Problems in
Textbook: Surveying, Longman Scientific and Technical, J.
De Blij, H.J. and Muller, P.O.,Human Geography: Wiley & Sons,Inc., New York.
culture, society and space , Wiley,1996.
Reference: Continuous assessment - 50%
Students will be referred to appropriate material Written examination - 50%
during the lectures.
Assessment: SL 305: CONSTRUCTION SURVEYING
Continuous assessment - 50%
Written examination - 50% Objective:
To expand students knowledge in the applications
of the principles and techniques for construction
SL 304: INTRODUCTION TO GEODETIC surveying as applied to a range of engineering
Hours per week: 3 1. Carry out control networks observation using
conventional techniques and GPS observations;
Objective: 2 Explain the contractual arrangements between
To introduce students to basic concepts of the client and contractor.
geodesy, calculate on the spheroid and carry out 3. Explain the planning stages in the execution of
measurement and computations in static and such surveys.
pseudo-static modes using GPS equipment On
completion of this subject the students should be Syllabus:
able to: Precision engineering surveys; planning,
1. Explain the physical relationship between the designing, calculation and setting out surveys of
geoid, spheroid and Projections; roads, drainage, pipelines and transmission lines.
2. Explain the properties of a spheroid; Calculation and setting out transition, compound
3. Document and explain the requirements and horizontal and vertical curves. Contractual
techniques involved in establishing higher arrangements.
order control network; Road reserves calculations and pegging; roads of
4. Carry out computation on the Australian Map equal and varying widths.
Syllabus: Bannister, A., and Raymond. S.,Surveying,
Concepts of geodesy, the geometry of the Pitman, latest edition, London
spheroid. The figure of the earth. Geodetic Departmental Modules
surveying specifications, horizontal and vertical
control. Mapping surveys, photo control, remote Reference:
sensing. Introduction to Projections, the Universal Clark, D.,Plane & Geodetic Surveying, Vol.1,2,
573 Courses Handbook 2012