# 2012 PNG UNITECH Courses Handbook00194

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```					                                                               Department of Surveying and Land Studies

1.   Garner a good understanding of the theory              On completion of this subject, students should be
and mathematical principles of map                     able to:-
projections.                                           1. Document history & development of their
2.   Construct a map frame using a particular                  profession;
projection.                                            2. Be proficient in map reading;
3.   Use geo-computation software to do geodetic            3. Explain the principles of map projections &
computations.                                             their applications;
4.   Understand the different geo-referencing               4. Define the principles of conventional
systems used in maps and GIS.                             cartographic techniques;
5. Document the principles of computer graphics
Syllabus:                                                      & electronic publishing systems.
Introduction to map projection; mathematical
principles, terminology. Types of projection;               Syllabus:
azimuthal, conic and cylindrical projections.               History of Cartography and Mapping; The
Special emphasis to Mercator’s, Universal                   Cartographic & Mapping Professions; Map
Transverse     Mercator’s,   Lambert     Conical            Reading & Utilisation; Map Projections; Principles
Conformal, Polyconic, Mollweide’s, PNG’s map                of Manual Cartographic Artwork & Reprography;
projection.    Geodetic    computations.   Geo-             Computer Graphics & Electronic Publishing.
referencing systems.
Reference:
Textbooks and Materials:                                    Robinson,      H.A.,et.al,      Elements         of
Departmental course modules                                 Cartography,1984.
References: To be provided by the teacher
Assessment:
Assessment:                                                 Continuous assessment           - 50%
Continuous assessment              - 50%                    Written examination             - 50%
Written examination                - 50%
Students must pass both assessment components.

SL 251: FIELDWORK I
SL 264: CARTOGRAPHY AND COMPUTER
Hours per week: One week                                            DRAFTING

Syllabus:                                                   Hours per week: 6 (2,4)
This fieldwork forms an essential part of the study
of geography. Appropriate practical work is                 Objectives:
indicated by the general objectives of geography            On completion this subject, students should be
courses. The equivalent of one-week field                   able to:-
excursion & fieldwork is undertaken during the              1. Undertake map and survey plan design and
second semester.                                                 layout
2. Skilfully plot and cartographically enhance all
Assessment:                                                      types of survey plan from field notes
Continuous assessment - 100%                                     according to specifications using applied and
3. Demonstrate a good understanding of the
SL 263: CARTOGRAPHY I                                            theory and mathematical principles of map
projections.
Hours per week: 3 (1/2)                                     4. Construct a map frame using a particular
projection.
Objective:

571                             Courses Handbook 2012
Department of Surveying and Land Studies

5.   Use geo-computation software to do geodetic           Objective:
computations.                                         On completion of this subject, students should be
6.   Understand the different geo-referencing              able to:-
systems used in maps and GIS.                         1. Explain general physical geography of the
7.   Demonstrate     theoretical  and   practical             world and PNG;
knowledge of topographic mapping processes.           2. Define interrelationship of terrain, climate,
8.   Digitally produce and publish topographic                geology, soil & vegetation;
map on CAD and map publishing systems.                3. Document the processes which have formed
9.   Develop understanding of map printing                    the physical environment;
technologies.                                         4. Explain identification of common landforms
from maps, photographs, diagrams and in the
Syllabus:                                                     field.
Overview of CAD/CAM Systems hardware &
software components; Basic drawing/graphic                 Syllabus:
elements, text, edit and element manipulation              An Introduction to geographical study, main
functions; Introduction to map projection;                 physical elements of the world’s and PNG’s
Concepts of geodesy; size and shape of the Earth;          physical landscapes and environments including
geoid and ellipsoid; mathematical principles,              examination of interrelationships between terrain,
terminology. Types of project; azimuthal, conic            climate, geology, soil and vegetation.          A
and cylindrical projections. PNG’s map projection.         compulsory full-day field excursion will be held
Geodetic computations. Geo-referencing systems.            mid-way through the semester.
Preparing the system for drawing; Creating a
drawing on the system; Use of reference manual             Textbook:
and context help; PNG survey plan drafting                 Briggs, D. & Smithson, P., Fundamentals of
standards and plan drawing; Cadastral mapping              Physical Geography, 1985.
system of PNG; digital topographic mapping;
Preparation of Base map from Survey of PNG                 Reference:
Toposheet: Morphometric analysis, Relative Relief          Students will be referred to appropriate material
(RR), Dissection Index (DD), Ruggedness Index              during the lectures.
(RI), Average Slope (S), Drainage Density (DD),
Stream Order (µ), Bifurcation Ratio (Rb);                  Assessment:
Electronic publishing; Map and plan printing               Continuous assessment              - 50%
technologies                                               Written examination                - 50%

Textbooks and Materials:
Departmental Course Modules                                SL 282: GEOGRAPHY II

Hours per week: 2 (1,1)
Reference:                                                 Objective:
As prescribed by the subject lecturer                      On completion of the subject students, should be
able to:-
Assessment:                                                1. Explain basic human, settlement and economic
Continuous assessment               - 50%                     geography of the world and PNG;
Written examination                 - 50%                  2. Explain global and PNG’s perspective on
population, resources, culture and settlement
systems;
SL 281: GEOGRAPHY I                                        3. Demonstrate contrasts between western and
non-western societies in the Asia-Pacific
Hours per week: 2 (1, 1)                                         region.

Courses Handbook 2012                                572
Department of Surveying and Land Studies

Syllabus:                                                   Transverse Mercator (UTM) Projection.         The
Geographical Studies in Human, Settlement and               Australia Map Grid calculation of convergence,
Economic Systems: Global perspective on                     scale factors for line, point etc.,
population, resources, culture and settlement               Primary traversing. Establishment of higher order
systems; Human-environment relationships and                control    surveys.          reconnaissance, error
spatial analysis; population & resources, cultural          propagation. Short line computations: traversing
geography & settlement systems. Special attention           on PNG94.
is paid to contrasts between western and non-
western societies in the Asia-Pacific region.               Textbook:
Bannister, A and Baker, R.,Solving Problems in
Textbook:                                                   Surveying, Longman Scientific and Technical, J.
De Blij, H.J. and Muller, P.O.,Human Geography:             Wiley & Sons,Inc., New York.
culture, society and space , Wiley,1996.
Assessment:
Reference:                                                  Continuous assessment              - 50%
Students will be referred to appropriate material           Written examination                - 50%
during the lectures.

Assessment:                                                 SL 305: CONSTRUCTION SURVEYING
Continuous assessment               - 50%
Written examination                 - 50%                   Objective:
To expand students knowledge in the applications
of the principles and techniques for construction
SL 304: INTRODUCTION           TO    GEODETIC               surveying as applied to a range of engineering
SURVEYING                                           projects.

Hours per week: 3                                           1. Carry out control networks observation using
conventional techniques and GPS observations;
Objective:                                                  2 Explain the contractual arrangements between
To introduce students to basic concepts of                     the client and contractor.
geodesy, calculate on the spheroid and carry out            3. Explain the planning stages in the execution of
measurement and computations in static and                     such surveys.
pseudo-static modes using GPS equipment On
completion of this subject the students should be           Syllabus:
able to:                                                    Precision    engineering     surveys;    planning,
1. Explain the physical relationship between the            designing, calculation and setting out surveys of
geoid, spheroid and Projections;                      roads, drainage, pipelines and transmission lines.
2. Explain the properties of a spheroid;                    Calculation and setting out transition, compound
3. Document and explain the requirements and                horizontal and vertical curves. Contractual
techniques involved in establishing higher             arrangements.
4. Carry out computation on the Australian Map              equal and varying widths.
Grid (AMG
Textbook:
Syllabus:                                                   Bannister, A., and Raymond.         S.,Surveying,
Concepts of geodesy, the geometry of the                    Pitman, latest edition, London
spheroid. The figure of the earth. Geodetic                 Departmental Modules
surveying specifications, horizontal and vertical
control. Mapping surveys, photo control, remote             Reference:
sensing. Introduction to Projections, the Universal         Clark, D.,Plane & Geodetic Surveying, Vol.1,2,

573                            Courses Handbook 2012

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