Course Outline Part II - TeacherWeb

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					PART TWO (1865-Present)
Unit VIII The Gilded Age (January 7-January 24)
Readings          Pageant Chapters 23, 24, 25, 26 [pg. 500-622]

Articles          5.6 Gilded Age Politics,, 6.0 Robber Barons, 5.5 Revolution of 1877, 5.4 The Turner Essay

Themes            Political Alignment and the Corruption of the Gilded Age
                  The Role of Government in a changing economy
                  Social, economic and political impacts of industrialization
                  The winning of the West
                  The rise of labor unions, Immigration and urbanization
                  Inflation and deflation

Chapter 23 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Describe the political corruption of the Grant administration and the various efforts to clean up politics in the
   Gilded Age.
2. Describe the economic slump of the 1870s and the growing conflict between “hard-money” and “soft-money”
3. Explain the intense political activity of the Gilded Age, despite the low quality of political leadership and the
   agreement of the two parties on most issues.
4. Indicate how the disputed Hayes-Tilden election of 1876 led to the Compromise of 1877 and the end of
5. Describe how the end of Reconstruction led to the loss of black rights and the imposition of the Jim Crow
   system of segregation in the South.
6. Explain the growth of class and ethnic conflict during the 1870s and after.
7. Describe the sharp personal and partisan clashes between Grover Cleveland and his Republican opponents.
8. Show how the rise of the Populists and the depression of the 1890s stirred growing social protests and class

Chapter 23 Terms
Ulysses S. Grant            Grover Cleveland            William Jennings Bryan               Samuel Tilden
Rutherford B. Hayes         Jay Gould                   Thomas Nast                          Chester A. Arthur
Horace Greeley              Jim Crow                    “soft-money”                         “hard-money”
Gilded Age                  Credit Mobilier             Bland Allison Act                    Compromise of 1877
Mugwumps                    Pendleton Act               Plessy v. Ferguson                   McKinley Tariff

Chapter 24 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Explain how the transcontinental railroad network provided the basis for the great post-Civil War industrial
2. Identify the abuses in the railroad industry and discuss how these led to the first efforts at industrial regulation
   by the federal government.
3. Describe how the economy came to be dominated by giant “trusts,” such as those headed by Carnegie and
   Rockefeller in the steel and oil industries.
4. Discuss the growing class conflict caused by industrial growth and combination, and the early efforts to
   alleviate it.
5. Explain why the south was generally excluded from industrial development and fell into a “third world”
   economic dependency.
6. Analyze the social changes brought by industrialization, particularly the altered position for working men and
7. Explain the failures of the Knights of Labor and the modest success of the American Federation of Labor.

Chapter 24 Terms
James J. Hill               Cornelius Vanderbilt        Alexander Graham Bell                Thomas Edison
Andrew Carnegie             John D. Rockefeller         J.P. Morgan                          Leland Stanford
Samuel Gompers              Collis P. Huntington        Union Pacific Railroad               vertical integration
horizontal integration      Wabash case                 gospel of wealth                     Knights of Labor
National Labor Union        Haymarket Riot              American Federation of Labor         New South
Chapter 25 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Describe the new industrial city and its impact on American society.
2. Describe the “New Immigration” and explain why it aroused opposition from many native-born Americans.
3. Discuss the efforts of social reformers and churches to aid the New Immigrants and alleviate urban problems.
4. Analyze the changes in American religious life in the late nineteenth century.
5. Explain the change in American education from elementary to the college level.
6. Describe the literary and cultural life of the period, including the widespread trend towards “realism.”
7. Explain the growing national debates about morality in the late nineteenth century, particularly in relation to the
   changing roles of women and the family.

Chapter 25 Terms
Jane Addams                Florence Kelley            Charles Darwin                       Booker T. Washington
W. E. B. Dubois            Horatio Alger              Mark Twain                           Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Henry George               Dwight L. Moody            New Immigration                      social gospel
Hull House                 Salvation Army             American Protective Association      Chautauqua Movement
Morrill Act                Comstock Law               Eighteenth Amendment                 Yellow Journalism

Chapter 26 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Describe the nature of the cultural conflicts and battles that accompanied the white American migration into the
   Great Plains and the Far West.
2. Explain the development of federal policy towards Native Americans in the late nineteenth century.
3. Analyze the brief flowering and decline of the cattle and mining frontiers.
4. Explain the impact of the closing of the frontier, and the long-term significance of the frontier for American
5. Describe the revolutionary changes in farming on the Great Plains.
6. Describe the economic forces that drove farmers into debt, and describe how the Grange, the Farmers’
   Alliances, and the Populist Party organized to protest their oppression.

Chapter 26 Terms
Sitting Bull               George A. Custer           Chief Joseph                         Geronimo
Helen Hunt Jackson         William McKinley           William Jennings Bryan               Frederick Jackson Turner
Eugene V. Debs             Jacob S. Coxey             Battle of Wounded Knee               Dawes Severalty Act
Comstock Lode              Homestead Act              National Grange                      Granger Laws
Pullman Strike             Farmers Alliance           Populist Party                       Gold Standard Act

Unit IX Becoming a World Power (January 28-February 7)
Readings          Pageant Chapters 27 & 28 [pg. 623-663]

Articles          6.3 America as World Power, 6.4 Did Yellow Journalism Cause the Spanish-American War?

Themes            The changing role of the U S in world affairs
                  Global awareness and the shrinking world
                  The Spanish American War

Chapter 27 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Explain why the United States suddenly abandoned its isolationism and turned outward at the end of the
   nineteenth century.
2. Indicate how the Venezuelan and Hawaiian affairs expressed the new American assertiveness as well as
   American ambivalence about foreign involvements.
3. Describe how America became involved with Cuba and explain why a reluctant President McKinley was forced
   to go to war with Spain.
4. Sate the unintended consequences of Dewey’s victory and Manila Bay.
5. Describe the easy American military conquest of Cuba and Puerto Rico.
6. Explain McKinley’s decision to keep the Philippines and list the opposing arguments in the debate about
7. Analyze the long-term consequences and significance of the Spanish-American War.
Chapter 27 Terms
Alfred Thayer Mahan        James G. Blaine           Richard Olney                      Valeriano Weyler
Dupuy de Lome              Theodore Roosevelt        George Dewey                       Emilio Aguinaldo
Maine                      Teller Amendment          Rough Riders                       Pan-American Conference
Treaty of Paris            Anti-Imperialist League   Foraker Act                        Insular cases
Platt Amendment            reconcentration           jingoism                           imperialsim

Chapter 28 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Describe the Filipino rebellion against U.S. rule and the war to suppress it.
2. Explain the U.S. “Open Door” policy in China.
3. Discuss the significance of the “proimperialist” Republican victory in 1900 and the rise of Theodore Roosevelt
   as a strong advocate of American power in international affairs.
4. Describe the aggressive steps Roosevelt took to build a canal in Panama and explain why his “corollary” to the
   Monroe Doctrine aroused such controversy.
5. Discuss Roosevelt’s other diplomatic achievements, particularly in relation to Japan.

Chapter 28 Terms
William Howard Taft        John Hay                  Theodore Roosevelt                 Philippe Bunau-Varilla
Panama Canal               spheres of influence      “yellow peril”                     Philippine insurrection
Open Door notes            “the full dinner pail”    Boxer Rebellion                    big-stick diplomacy
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty      Hay-Pauncefote Treaty     Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty           Root-Takahira Agreement
Roosevelt Corollary        Russo-Japanese War        Portsmouth Conference              Great White Fleet

Unit X Progressivism (February 11-February 21)
Readings          Pageant Chapters 29 & 30[pg. 664-704]

Articles          6.4 Did the Progressives Fail, 6.4 What Happened to Progressives in the 1920s?

Themes            Role and Effectiveness of Third Parties
                  The Agrarian Revolt
                  The Farmer faces a changing world
                  The Supreme Court in Changing Times
                  The Progressive Coalition of Liberal reformers
                  Women's Issues
                  Consumer and Environmental Protection

Chapter 29 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Discuss the origins and nature of the progressive movement.
2. Describe how the early progressive movement developed its roots at the city and state level.
3. Identify the critical role that women played in progressive social reform.
4. Tell how President Roosevelt began applying progressive principals to the national economy.
5. Explain why Taft’s policies offended progressives, including Roosevelt.
6. Describe how Roosevelt led a progressive revolt against Taft that openly divided the Republican party.

Chapter 29 Terms
Thorstein Veblen           Ida Tarbell               Gifford Pinchot                    Upton Sinclair
William Howard Taft        Muckrackers               Seventeenth Amendment              Eighteenth Amendment
Muller v. Oregon           Lochner v. New York       dollar diplomacy                   Elkins Act
Hepburn Act                Payne-Aldrich Act         Meat Inspection Act                Pure Food and Drug Act
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire   Theodore Dreiser          Lincoln Steffens                   Jacob Riis
Chapter 30 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Discuss the key issues of the pivotal 1912 election and the basic principles of Wilsonian progressivism.
2. Describe how Wilson successfully reformed the “triple wall of privilege.”
3. State the basic features of Wilson’s foreign policy and explain how they drew him into intervention in Latin
4. Describe America’s response to World War I and explain the increasingly sharp conflict over America’s
   policies toward Germany.
5. Explain how domestic and foreign controversies played into Wilson’s narrow victory over Hughes in 1916.

Chapter 30 Terms
Woodrow Wilson            Eugene V. Debs             Victoriano Huerta                      John J. Pershing
New Nationalism           New Freedom                Underwood Tariff Bill                  Sixteenth Amendment
Federal Reserve Act       Clayton Act                Federal Trade Commission Act           Federal Farm Loan Act
Seaman’s Act              Adamson Act                Workingmen’s Compensation Act          Allies
Central Powers            Lusitania                  Arabic                                 Sussex

Unit XI The War to End War (February 25-February 28)
Readings         Pageant Chapter 31 [pg. 705-726]

Articles          6.1 Versailles Betrayal

Themes           The failure of neutrality
                 Causes and results of World War I
                 Treaty negotiations and the Senate rejection of the Treaty of Versailles

Chapter 31 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Explain what caused America to enter World War I.
2. Describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade that inspired fervor and
   overwhelmed dissent.
3. Discuss the mobilization of America for war.
4. Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African-Americans.
5. Describe America’s economic and military role in the war.
6. Analyze Wilson’s attempt to forge a peace based on his Fourteen Points and explain why developments at home
   and abroad forced him to compromise.
7. Discuss the opposition of Lodge and others to Wilson’s League and show how Wilson’s refusal to compromise
   the Treaty of Versailles.

Chapter 31 Terms
George Creel              Bernard Baruch             Herbert Hoover                         Henry Cabot Lodge
Zimmerman note            Fourteen Points            Espionage and Sedition Acts            League of Nations
Schenk v. United States   War Industries Board       Industrial Workers of the World        Nineteenth Amendment
Eighteenth Amendment      Bolsheviks                 Doughboys                              Big Four
Treaty of Versailles      Woodrow Wilson             Paris Peace Conference                 Alice Paul

Unit XII Boom & Bust (March 4-March 14)
Readings         Pageant Chapter 32, 33, & 34 [pg. 728-805]

Articles          7.1 The Conservative Achievements of Liberal Reform?

Themes           The rejection of world leadership, but not isolationism
                 Cultural conflicts of the 1920s
                 The failure of prohibition
                 Government and business, was this really laissez faire?
                 Organized Intolerance
                 The persistence of progressive reform
                 The role and responsibilities of government in society
                 The New Deal and the Welfare State
Chapter 32 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Analyze the movement toward social conservatism following World War I.
2. Describe the cultural conflicts over such issues as prohibition and evolution.
3. Discuss the rise of the mass-consumption economy, led by the automobile industry.
4. Describe the Cultural Revolution brought about by radio, films, and changing sexual standards.
5. Explain how new ideas and values were reflected and promoted in the American literary renaissance of the
6. Explain how the era’s cultural changes affected women and African –Americans.

Chapter 32 Terms
A. Mitchell Palmer        John Dewey                John T. Scopes                     Henry Ford
Charles Lindbergh         Margaret Sanger           Sigmund Freud                      red scare
Sacco and Vanzetti Case   Ku Klux Klan              Emergency Quota Act                Immigration Quota Act
Volstead Act              Fundamentalism            Modernists                         “flappers”
Florida Land Boom         Frederick W. Taylor       Marcus Garvey                      Andrew Mellon

Chapter 33 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Analyze the domestic political conservatism and economic prosperity of the 1920’s.
2. Explain the Republican administrations’ policies of isolationism, disarmament, and high-tariff protectionism.
3. Compare the easygoing corruption of the Harding administration with the straight-laced uprightness of his
   successor Coolidge.
4. Describe the international economic tangle of loans, war debts, and reparations, and indicate how the United
   States dealt with it.
5. Discuss how Hoover went from being a symbol of twenties business success to a symbol of depression failure.
6. Explain how the stock-market crash set off the deep and prolonged Great Depression.
7. Indicate how Hoover’s response to the depression was a combination of old-time individualism and the new
   view of federal responsibility for the economy.

Chapter 33 Terms
Warren G. Harding         Albert B. Fall            Harry M. Daugherty                 Andrew Mellon
Calvin Coolidge           Robert La Follette        Charles Evans Hughes               Herbert Hoover
Kellogg-Briand Pact       Teapot Dome Scandal       Fordney-McCumber Tariff            McNary-Haugen Bill
Dawes Plan                Hawley-Smoot Tariff       Black Friday                       Muscle Shoals Bill
Bonus Army                Stimson Doctrine          Reconstruction Finance Corp.       Norris-LaGuardia Act

Chapter 34 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Describe the rise of Franklin Roosevelt to the presidency in 1932.
2. Explain how the early new Deal pursued the “three R’s” of relief, recovery, and reform.
3. Describe the New Deal’s effect on labor and labor organizations.
4. Discuss the early New Deal’s efforts to organize business and agriculture in the NRA and the AAA and indicate
   what replaced those programs after they were declared unconstitutional.
5. Describe the Supreme Court’s hostility to many New Deal programs and explain why FDR’s “Court Packing”
   plan failed.
6. Explain the political coalition that Roosevelt mobilized on behalf of the New Deal and The Democratic Party.
7. Discuss the changes the New Deal underwent in the late thirties and explain the growing opposition to it.
8. Analyze the arguments presented by both critics and defenders of the New Deal.

Chapter 34 Terms
Franklin D. Roosevelt     Eleanor Roosevelt         Huey Long                          New Deal
Hunderd Days              Glass-Steagall Act        Civilian Conservation Corps        Court Packing Scheme
National Recovery Act     Schechter Case            Works Progress Administration      Social Security Act
Liberty League            Harry Hopkins             Tennessee Valley Authority         Roosevelt Coalition
Dust Bowl                 Twentieth Amendment       Agricultural Adjustment Act        Twenty-First Amendment
Unit XIII World War II and its Effects (March 18-March 27)
Readings         Pageant Chapter 35, 36, 37 & 38 [pg. 806-915]

Articles         8.1 American Foreign Relations 1920-42, 7.9 The Middle Aged Lions
                 8.1 US Expansion and USSR Threat, 8.4 U-2 Incident

Themes           The rejection of world leadership, but not isolationism
                 National Neutrality Neurosis: US Response to Aggression
                 The social, economic and political causes of World War II
                 The social, economic and political results of World War II
                 Women and minorities receive an opportunity
                 Wartime Diplomacy and the formation of the United Nations
                 Home Front Developments and regulations
                 The revolution in American foreign policy
                 The beginning of the cold war
                 The return to peacetime World War II
                 The goals and policies of collective security and containment
                 Modern Republicanism

Chapter 35 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Describe how isolationist motives and effects of FDR’s early foreign policies.
2. Explain how American isolationism dominated U.S. policy in the mid-1930s.
3. Explain how America gradually began to respond to the threat from totalitarian aggression while still trying to
   stay neutral.
4. Describe Roosevelt’s increasingly bold moves toward aiding Britain in the fight against Hitler and the sharp
   disagreements these efforts caused at home.
5. Discuss the events and diplomatic issues in the Japanese-American conflict that led up to Pearl Harbor.

Chapter 35 Terms
Cordell Hull              Joseph Stalin              Benito Mussolini                    Adolf Hitler
Winston Churchill         Francisco Franco           Charles Lindbergh                   Wendell Willkie
Good Neighbor Policy      Neutrality Acts            “cash and carry”                    Atlantic Charter
lend-lease                America First Committee    “Quarantine” Speech                 Nye Committee
London Economic Conf.     Rome-Berlin Axis           Hitler-Stalin nonaggression pact    Spanish Civil War

Chapter 36 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Tell how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.
2. Describe the domestic mobilization for war.
3. Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s
4. Explain the early Japanese successes in Asia and the Pacific and the American strategy for countering them.
5. Describe the early Allied efforts against the Axis powers in North Africa and Italy.
6. Discuss FDR’s 1944 fourth-term election victory.
7. Explain the final military efforts that brought Allied victory in Europe and Asia and the significance of the
   atomic bomb.

Chapter 36 Terms
Henry J. Kaiser           A. Phillip Randolph        Douglas MacArthur                   Chester W. Nimitz
Dwight D. Eisenhower      George S. Patton           Thomas E. Dewey                     Harry S. Truman
Albert Einstein           War Production Board       Office of Price Administration      War Labor Board
Smith-Connally Act        Casablanca Conference      second front                        Teheran Conference
D Day                     V-E Day                    Potsdam Conference                  V-J Day

Chapter 37 Learning Objectives
   The student will be able to:
1. Describe the economic transformation of the immediate post World War II era.
2. Describe the postwar migrations to the “Sunbelt” and the suburbs.
3.   Explain changes in the American population structure brought about by the “baby boom.”
4.   Explain the growth of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after Roosevelt’s death and
     Germany’s defeat.
5.   Describe the early Cold War conflicts over Germany and Eastern Europe.
6.   Discuss American efforts to “contain” the Soviets through the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO.
7.   Describe the expansion of the Cold War to Asia and the Korean War.
8.   Analyze the postwar domestic climate in America and explain the growing fear of internal communist

Chapter 37 Terms
Harry S. Truman            George F. Kennan          J Strom Thurmond                   Henry Wallace
Benjamin Spock             Douglas MacArthur         Joseph McCarthy                    Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
Yalta Conference           Nuremberg Trials          Berlin Airlift                     HUACT
Truman Doctrine            Marshall Plan             NATO                               Taft-Hartley Act
Point Four Program         Fair Deal                 NSC-69                             Sunbelt

Chapter 38 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Explain how Eisenhower’s leadership coincided with the American mood of the 1950s.
2. Describe Ike’s initially hesitant reactions to McCarthyism and the early civil rights movement.
3. Describe the approach that Eisenhower and Dulles took to the Cold War and nuclear policy.
4. List the basic elements of Eisenhower’s foreign policy in Vietnam, Europe, and the Middle East.
5. Describe the vigorous challenges Eisenhower faced from the Soviet Union and indicate how he responded to
6. Describe the new American economy of the 1950s.
7. Explain the changes in American “mass culture” in the 1950s, including the rise of television and the computer.

Chapter 38 Terms
Dwight Eisenhower          Richard Nixon             Marin Luther King, Jr.             Rosa Parks
Fidel Castro               Betty Friedan             Nikita Khrushchev                  John F. Kennedy
Ho Chi Minh                Ngo Dinh Diem             Gamal Abdel Nasser                 McCarthyism
Plessy v. Ferguson         Sputnik                   Brown v. Board of Education        Geneva Conference
U-2 Incident               The Feminine Mystique     Landrum-Griffith Act               Civil Rights Act of 1957

XIV Contemporary America (April 8-April 18)
Readings         Pageant Chapters 39, 40, 41, & 42 [pg. 916-1034]

Articles         9.1 CARTER assessed, 9.3 Did President Reagan Win the Cold War? 9.9 USA in 1990s, 9.1 Why
                 Arabs Hate Us

Chapter 39 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Describe the high expectations Kennedy’s New Frontier aroused and the political obstacles it encountered.
2. Analyze the theory and practice of Kennedy’s doctrine of “flexible response” in Asia and Latin America.
3. Describe Johnson’s succession to the presidency in 1963, his electoral landslide over Goldwater in 1964, and
   his Great Society successes of 1965.
4. Discuss the course of the black movement of the 1960s, from civil rights to Black Power.
5. Indicate how Johnson led the United States deeper into the Vietnam quagmire.
6. Explain how the Vietnam war brought turmoil to American Society and eventually drove Johnson and the
   divided Democrats from power in 1968.
7. Describe the cultural rebellions of the 1960s, and indicate their short-term and long-term consequences.

Chapter 39 Terms
John F. Kennedy            Robert F. Kennedy         Charles de Gaulle                  Lyndon B. Johnson
Barry Goldwater            Malcolm X                 Stokely Carmichael                 George Wallace
Flexible response          Bay of Pigs               Great Society                      Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Civil Rights Act of 1964   Cuban Missile Crisis      24th Amendment                     Voting Rights Act
Tet offensive              Vienna Summit             Alliance for Progress              March on Washington
Chapter 40 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Describe Nixon’s policies toward the war in Vietnam and Cambodia.
2. Analyze Nixon’s domestic policies and his appeal to the “silent majority.”
3. Describe the American withdrawal from Vietnam, the final communist victory there, and the “new
   isolationism” represented by the War Powers Act.
4. Discuss the Watergate scandals and Nixon’s resignation.
5. Explain the related economic, energy, and Middle East crises of the 1970s and indicate how Nixon, Ford, and
   Carter attempted to deal with them.
6. Analyze the successes and failures of the détente with Moscow and the opening to Beijing (Peking) pursued by
   the American administration of the 1970s.
7. Describe the rise of the new feminist movement, and the gains and setbacks for women and minorities in the
8. Discuss the Iranian crisis and its political consequences for Carter.

Chapter 40 Terms
Richard Nixon             Spiro Agnew                Henry Kissinger                    Jimmy Carter
Gerald Ford               Vietnamization             Nixon Doctrine                     26th Amendment
Philadelphia Plan         SALT                       Watergate Scandal                  CREEP
War Powers Act            Title IX                   Equal Rights Amendment             Pentagon Papers
Griswold v. Connecticut   Helsinki accords           OPEC                               Camp David Agreement

Chapter 41 Learning Objectives
    The student will be able to:
1. Describe the rise of Reagan and the “new right” in the 1980s, including the controversies over racial and social
2. Explain the “Reagan revolution” in economic policy and indicate its immediate and long-term consequences.
3. Describe the revival of the Cold War in Reagan’s first term.
4. Discuss the American entanglement in Central American and Middle Eastern troubles, including the Iran-contra
5. Describe the end of the Cold War, and the results for American society abroad and at home.
6. Explain America’s growing involvement in Middle East conflict, including the Persian Gulf War and its
7. Explain the Clinton victory in 1992, and Clinton’s attempt to navigate between traditional Democratic values
   and resurgent right in the Republican party.

Chapter 41 Terms
Sandra Day O’Connor       Anwar Sadat                Mikhail Gorbachev                  Boris Yeltsin
Norman Schwartzkopf       Clarence Thomas            Geraldine Ferraro                  Jesse Jackson
Jerry Falwell             Saddam Hussein             Perestroika                        Glasnost
Reganomics                Iran-Contra Affair         Strategic Defense Initiative       27th Amendment
Hopwood v. Texas          NAFTA                      World Trade Organization           Roe v. Wade

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