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Forming and Applying Concepts

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Forming and Applying Concepts Powered By Docstoc
					    Chapter 7
     Chaffee
Critical Thinking
 General ideas used to organize experience and bring
    order and intelligibility to our life
   Organizers of experience: concepts work in
    conjunction with language to identify, describe,
    distinguish, and relate all various aspects of the world
   Vocabulary of thought
   Key concepts
   Research paper: focus on certain concepts, develop a
    thesis around them, present the thesis (a concept)
    with carefully argued points, and back itup with
    specific examples.
 Developing expertise in conceptualizing process
 Ability to form, apply, define, and relate concepts
 Identify an initial concept you had about an event in
 your life (starting a new job, attending college, and so)
 that changed as a result of your experiences. After
 identifying your initial concept, describe the
 experiences that led you to change or modify the
 concept and then explain the new concept you formed
 to explain the situation. Your response should include
 the following elements: an initial concept, new
 information provided by additional experiences, and a
 new concept formed to explain the situation.
 Subtext, unconscious, aesthetic, schizophrenia
 To make sense of how a discipline functions, you need
  to understand what the concepts of the discipline
  mean, how to apply them, and the way they relate to
  other concepts.
 Learn the methods of investigation, patterns of
  thought, and forms of reasoning that various
  disciplines use to form larger conceptual theories and
  methods
 Conceptual abilities: Aristotle: an intelligent person is
  a ‘master of concepts’
 General ideas used to identify, distinguish, and relate
  various aspects of experience
 Organize world into patterns that make sense
 Group aspects of experience based on similarity to one
  another
 Being able to see and name the similarities among
  certain things in your experience is the way you form
  concepts and is crucial for making sense of your world
                                 Properties
            Qualities that all examples of the concept share in common




Sign
Word-symbol
                             Concept
that names the
concept
                                                           Referents
                                                           Examples of the
                                                           Concept
 Generalizing: focusing on certain similar features
  among things to develop the requirements for the
  concept
 Interpreting: looking for different things to apply the
  concept to in order to determine if they ‘meet the
  requirements’ of the concept we are developing
 An iterative (back-and-forth) process between
  generalizing and interpreting to develop a list of
  requirements that something must have to be
  considered an example of the concept and to give
  ourselves a clear idea of how the concept is defined
 Giving an effect definition of a concept means both:
 Identifying the general qualities of the concept, which
  determine when it can be correctly applied;
 Using appropriate examples to demonstrate actual
  applications of the concept – that is, examples that
  embody the general qualities of the concept.

 What concept are you working on in your research
  paper?
 What are the general properties of this concept?

				
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posted:2/26/2013
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