Name the 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl-CoA joins with a 4 carbon molecule to enter the Krebs cycle
_____________ is the process of splitting a. glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid molecules
Which molecule is used by cells to store and transfer energy?
Tell where glycolysis happens.
IN THE CYTOPLASM
Tell where the enzymes for electron transport are located. IN THE CRISTAE
Tell where Krebs cycle happens.
IN THE MATRIX
Name the 3 parts of cellular respiration in the correct sequence.
Describes a process that does NOT require oxygen; it means “without air”
GLYCOLYSIS, KREBS CYCLE, ELECTRON TRANSPORT
Tell the vocab word that means “with oxygen”
Which high energy electron carrier produces the most energy during Electron Transport
Name the natural substance found in muscles that regenerates ATP for extended energy which is used as a dietary supplement to increase muscle strength and performance
This high energy electron carrier produces fewer ATP’s than NADH as its electrons through the Electron Transport Chain because it enters farther down the chain
Name the atmospheric gas required for Cellular respiration.
Name the gas produced during alcoholic fermentation that makes bread dough rise.
Name the type of fermentation used by human muscles in low oxygen conditions
Name the type of fermentation used by microorganisms to make yogurt, pickles, cheese, and sauerkraut.
Name the type of fermentation that makes bread dough rise
Name the type of fermentation used by microorganisms to make beer and wine
Where do H+ ions build up, as electrons pass down the electron transport chain?
Which ion moves through ATP synthase to provide the power to make ATP?
Name the pathway that breaks down pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide and produces NADH, FADH2, and ATP.
Name the pathway that breaks glucose into 2 pyruvic acid molecules
How many ATP are required to get glycolysis started?
How many net ATP’s are producing during glycolysis?
Use 2, get 4 back= net gain of 2 ATP
Where do the NADH and FADH2 produced during the Krebs cycle go next?
Where do the carbons that came from glucose end up following the Krebs cycle?
ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
AS CO2 in ATMOSPHERE
If oxygen is not present, glycolysis is followed by ___________________
If oxygen is present, glycolysis is followed by _____________
Name the organelle which acts as the cell’s power plant to burn glucose and store energy as ATP
The inner membrane in a mitochondrion is called the ____________
The space between the cristae and the outer membrane is called the _____________
The space inside the cristae is called the
Name the molecule which has the formula C6H12O6 that is split in half during glycolysis
Which part of cellular respiration makes the most ATP?
GLYCOLYSIS KREBS CYCLE ELECTRON TRANSPORT
Name the molecule that reacts with pyruvic acid to release C02, produce NADH, and acetyl-CoA before it enters the Krebs cycle. CO-ENZYME A
Name the molecule that forms when Coenzyme A attaches to two carbons from pyruvic acid.
_____________ is the storage form of glucose used by animal cells which can be broken down for energy when glucose is used up.
Name the TWO molecules stored by your cells that can be burned for energy when glucose is used up.
GLYCOGEN & FAT
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1◦ C calorie Calorie
Energy unit used to measure the energy stored in food
Another name for pyruvic acid
Name the molecule formed from pyruvic acid that accumulates in muscles during exercise when oxygen is not available
Name the TWO high energy electron carriers involved in cellular respiration
Name the high energy electron carrier that is regenerated during fermentation to keep glycolysis going
Tell the equation for cellular respiration
What are the products of cellular respiration?
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
Tell the reactants in cellular respiration
If bread is made using alcoholic fermentation, why don’t you get drunk when you eat bread?
C6H12O6 + 6O2
ALCOHOL EVAPORATES DURING COOKING
How many total ATP’s can be made from 1 molecule of glucose that completes Cellular respiration?
Which process produces the mast ATP?
What molecule is the final electron acceptor at the end of the Electron transport chain?
Which molecule is produced at the end of the Electron transport chain when oxygen accepts electrons?
How many phosphate groups are in an ADP molecule?
How many phosphate groups are in an ATP molecule?
What is the equation that shows how ADP is changed into ATP?
What is the equation for lactic acid fermentation?
ADP + P + energy →
pyruvic acid + NADH → lactic acid + NAD+
What is the equation that shows how ATP released energy to make ATP?
What is the equation for alcoholic fermentation?
ATP → ADP + P + energy
pyruvic acid + NADH → alcohol + CO2 + NAD+
Organisms that can’t make their own food and get energy from eating other organisms are called ______________
Organisms that can make their own food are called _______________
Where do prokaryotes have their ETC if they don’t have mitochondria?
Explain why FADH2 produces fewer ATP’s than NADH during Electron Transport.
ATTACHED TO THEIR CELL MEMBRANES
FADH2 enters ETC farther down line so it skips the first proton pump; fewer H+ means less ATP
Athletes needing quick energy for a short time (like a 50 yd dash) are getting energy using which pathway?
Athletes needing energy for long periods (like a marathon or soccer game) get their energy using which pathway?
LACTIC ACID FERMENTATION
Name the ion channel through which H+ ions pass that adds the P onto ADP to make ATP.
Once cells burn up their glucose and glycogen which molecule is used to supply energy?
What is the chemical formula for glucose.
TRUE or FALSE Green plants do not have mitochondria.
They have mitochondria for cellular respiration
The cristae is another name for __________
The process by which cells release energy from glucose in the absence of oxygen is ?