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The Age of Exploration PowerPoint - Quia

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					THE AGE OF EXPLORATION
 The year is 1492. On a beach on
  an island in the Caribbean Sea.
Two Taino girls were walking in the
cool shade of the palm trees eating
      roasted sweet potatoes.
      Renaissance Explorers
Imagine setting out across      Christopher Columbus
an ocean that may or may
not contain sea monsters        Vasco da Gama
or maps. Imagine sailing
for 96 days with no idea        Jacques Cartier
when you will see land
again.                          Ferdinand Magellan
Jacques Cartier
           1534
           Sailed for France
           Discovered east
            coast of Canada, St
            Lawrence River
           Traded with
            Natives
Cartier’s major routes
Vasco De Gama
          1497
          Sailed for Portugal
          Found a route from
           Europe to India
De Gama’s Major Routes
Ferdinand Magellan
            1521
            Sailed for Portugal
            First Explorer to
             circumnavigate the
             globe.
Christopher Columbus
             1492
             Italian but sailed
              for Spain
             First to reach the
              America’s
              (Caribbean
              Islands)     SANTA MARIA
Columbus’s Major Routes
 The Influence of the Renaissance
Map of the World during      New way of thinking
 the Renaissance              in science and the arts

                             Believed in Humanism
                              and the Individual

                             Confidence to achieve
                              their dreams even
                              with dangers
     Exploring to Expand Trade
   Trade with the East
   Exploring for Gold
   Exploring to Expand Christianity



           Gold, Glory and God
         Trade with the East
   Renaissance Europeans spent huge
    amounts on luxury goods from the
    East
   Spices
   Silks
                The Spice Trade
   Arab merchants bought spices
    in India
   They would bring them to
    Constantinople and sell them
    to Italians
   Italians would bring them to
    Europe
   Every step of the way the
    price went up 100-2000 times
    the original price
            The Spice Trade
   High prices for      Example one
    luxury goods was a
    problem              The collapse of
   So was security of     Mongol Empire
    the trade routes.
   Wars and power       Example two
    shifts affected
    trade
                         Muslims took over
                          christian
                          Constantinople
          Consider a dilemma
   You live in Renaissance Italy and you
    have inherited a large sum of
    money. You have the opportunity to
    invest in a trading expedition
    travelling to Constantinople or to find
    a new route to the Asian spice
    markets. Which would you choose
    and why?
          Exploring for Gold
   Today list some ways of currency?
   Can you imagine a time when there
    wasn’t enough money to go around?
   Renaissance (Gold) there wasn’t
    enough
   Traders needed gold for business
    transactions.
   Coins used (gold and silver)
   European mines were running out
                    MANSA MOUSSA

   Muslim ruler of Mali (Northwest Africa)
   Mali an important trade route (gold, silver, salt,
    ivory and slaves)
   1324 went on a pilgremage to Mecca
   Brought a caravan of thousands
   Carried Gold and gave to the poor along the way
   Europeans shocked at how rich this guy was!
Exploring to Expand Christianity
   The worldview of Renaissance
    Europe was to expand christianity.

Quote from the Bible “Go into all the
 world, and proclaim the good news
 to the whole creation” (Mark 16:15)
Exploring to Expand Christianity
   Renaissance Explorers believed they
    were following Jesus’s wishes by
    bringing christianity to the people
    they visited.
          Islamic Worldview
Five religious duties of Islam and the Qur’an
1)   There is no god but Allah and
     Muhammed is his messanger
2)   Pray daily
3)   Fast during the month of Ramadan
4)   Give to the poor
5)   Make a pilgremmage to Mecca once in
     your life.
                Religious Motives for
                   Exploration
                                   How does Prince Henry’s
                                   religious worldview affect
“Prince Henry was stirred up by    his attitude toward the
  his zeal for the service of      Muslims?
  God…he wanted to know if
  there were any Christian
  Princes in whom the charity
  and love of Christ was so
  much that they would help
  him against the Muslims…He
  had a great desire to increase
  the faith of Christians “
Gomes Eannes de Azurara,
  Friend of Prince Henry
      Prince Henry’s Worldview
   Threatened by Muslims to the south
    and east
   Heard of the story of Christian King
    Prester John and a long lost christian
    land.
           European Explorers
   In Canada explorers were accompanied by
    missionaries.
   Catholic and Anglican priests
   Missionaries would preach to First Nations

Example : Robert Rundle of the Methodist Church
  1850’s set up a school and church.
            Homework
Materials needed
Chapter handout
Page 113
Questions
1)A 2) A
         The Means to Explore
     Think about your academic fair due in february.
1.   Equipment
2.   Money
3.   Time
4.   Skills

     These are all called means. Renaissance
     Explorers had the mental outlook and
     motivation to explore to…..

Expand trade, find gold, influence christianity
     Renaissance Explorers borrowed
     Just like you borrow some ideas from peers
      who have completed academic fairs before
      you…why reinvent the wheel. Renaissance
      explorers borrowed from

1.    Ancient Greeks and Romans (math, science
      philosophy, art)
2.    Muslim cultures (math, mapping)
         Expanding the Known World

   Europeans knowledge was limited
   Books by travellers like Marco Polo were full of
    misinformation. (He travelled to China by
    caravan)
    Maps by Italian Monk Fra Mauro (1459)
    and Ptolemy’s idea of the world (1482)
   How are these two maps similar and different?

   Which map do you think might have encouraged
    Europeans to look for a sea route to China or
    India?

   How is the worldview of Fra Mauro’s map
    different from that of Psalter Map on page 30
 Expanding Navigational Technology


Navigation: The science of determining
 course, position, and distance
 travelled by ship. It comes from the
 Latin word navis (ship) and agere (to
 drive)
           Prince Henry the Navigator
   Prince Henry of Portugal
   Huge interest in ships and
    navigation
   Was wealthy like the
    Medici’s
   Became a patron of
    explorers (sponsored them
    with money)
   Created a centre to study
    navigation
   Instruments for Navigation
Compass

 Used for finding
 the direction a ship
 is travelling

 Developed in China
 About 1700 years
 ago
Astrolabe

  Used the north star or
  sun to calculate
  latitude, the distance
  north or south of the
  equator

  Invented by ancient
  Greeks, Arab
  mathematicians and
  astronomers
Cross-staff

  Used to measure the
  altitude of the Pole
  star above the horizon
  to determine latitude

  Invented around 1342
  for astronomy and
  used in 1514 in
  navigation
Back-staff

 Used to measure
 the altitude of the
 Sun to determine
 latitude.

 Developed in 1594
 as an improvement
 over the cross-staff
             Think it through?

   Which of these instruments do you
    think was the most important for
    navigation?

   What tools can we use today for
    navigation?
          European Expansion


Expansionism: the actions and
 attitudes of a state or country whose
 goal is to increase it’s power and
 territory.
                 Exploration Begins
   Started by Going EAST
   Portugal
   West coast of Africa
   Trading posts along the way
   Gold trade and Slave trade

   Started sugar plantations in the Caribbean Islands and used
    African slaves to work the farms.
   For 3 centuries millions of African slaves were captured and
    millions died on route from the terrible conditions on slave
    ships.
    Battle of Exploration between Spain and
                    Portugal
   Vasco De Gama (Portugal) travelling in 1497 and
    found India
   Pressure on Spain and Columbus found the “West
    Indies” in 1492
   Similar to the Space Race in the 1960’s
             Columbus and Magellan
               Spanish Explorers
   Convinced he could find a shorter route by sailing
    west.
   Took 33 days to sail across Atlantic
   Later years took 3 more trips for gold and spices
   Died bitter and poor after his 4th voyage in 1506

   Magellan sailed around the world and reached the
    Philippines.
   Was killed after getting involved in a local war
    but his ship reached Spain full of spices and
    circumnavigated the globe.
              Homework

Page 126

Questions 1.a,b

				
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