Model lest Eight
Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: The Best Way to Stay
Healthy. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on
Answer Sheet 1.
For questions 1- 7, mark
Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;
N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG (for NOT GIVEN ) if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Chimp (黑猩猩) Show Hallmark of Human Culture, Study Finds
Researchers have discovered that chimpanzees not only teach each other new and useful behaviors, but
conform to their group's preferred techniques for performing them--a hallmark of human culture.
Observers have previously reported that wild chimps demonstrate more than three dozen different behaviors
that have no apparent ecological or genetic origin. This diversity suggests that there are distinct ape cultures.
The notion assumes that chimps transmit culture--teaching and learning behaviors generation after generation.
But the theory is very difficult to test and prove in a controlled experiment outside of a laboratory.
So researchers at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland and Emory University in Atlanta devised an
experiment to test the proposition. The results were published online August 21 in the science journal Nature.
Learning and Teaching
The scientists constructed a box in which a desirable food was hidden behind a trap. Captive chimps could
release the food by using a stick to move the trap in either of two ways. Researchers dubbed these the "poke" and
Scientists then isolated a high-ranking female of one group from her companions and taught her the poke
method to release food. A female of high rank from a second group was taught the lift method.
None of the other members of the groups were allowed to watch the training.
Finally, researchers used a third group as a control, presenting them with the box and sticks, but teaching
them nothing about how to use them.
Scientists then let the chimp groups watch their matriarch (女家长) use the technique she had learned. To get
the food, each dominant female consistently used the method she had been taught. The other chimps watched,
often intensely, for over 36 hours spread over ten days.
During this period, 15 chimps in the two study groups successfully used one method or the other to get food,
and they picked up the behavior quickly. Median times for learning the techniques in both groups were under a
In the meantime, the six chimps in the control group were stymied. In more than four hours of manipulating
the sticks, they were unable to extract a single piece of food.
Some chimps in the "lift" group discovered the poke method, and some in the "poke" culture discovered
lifting. But they were a small minority. When the apparatus was reintroduced two months later, the chimps
reverted to their own culture's preferred method.
This, the researchers maintain, provides evidence of a "conformist bias". The animals discount their own
experience and instead adopt the behavior of the group, just as humans do.
"This is a very nice experimental setup," said Diana Reiss, a research scientist with the Bronx, New
York-based Wildlife Conservation Society, who was not involved in the study. "It was controlled for biases, and
included a control group where there was no trained expert. The setup eliminated the problem of learning by
interacting with humans."
The researchers believe they have demonstrated for the first time an ability among chimpanzees to transmit
alternative technologies and alternative methods of using tools.
Monkey See, Monkey Do
"When all these different wild chimp behaviors were discovered in the field, there was controversy." said
Frans de Waal, a professor of primate behavior at Emory University and study co-author. "Some scientists
claimed it was social learning. Others claimed there were other possible explanations--individual learning, genetic
differences, ecological variables, and so on."
"We did the experiment to prove that you could plant a behavior by training one chimp and see it spread to
other chimps by observation."
Giving the chimps two alternative methods of accomplishing the same task, the researchers say, shows that
chimps are capable of adopting local variants ( 变形) of a technique, just as they would if the variant behaviors
seen in the wild are in fact socially transmitted.
Not all experts agree with this conclusion. Rob Boyd, a professor of anthropology at the University of
California, Los Angeles, said, "I have argued that any time true imitation evolves, so will a tendency to copy the
majority. So I would very much like it to be true that the data supported this prediction."
But Boyd believes the study data fail to offer the necessary proof. He notes that while a few chimps dropped
their group's rarer behavioral variant (using a stick to poke or lift a trap to release food), the study "does not show
that they switched to the common variant, which is what I believe is necessary."
Groups of chimps at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center Field Station at Emery University, where
the research was carried out, have developed cultural differences on their own, without the intervention of human
One community, for example, practices hand-clasp grooming (梳理毛发), in which two chimps each grasp
one of the other's hands over their heads, grooming with the free hand. Other groups do not engage in this
Research with animal behavior, and perhaps especially with the great apes, risks wrongly attributing human
characteristics to animals. But the researchers in this experiment say they have been careful to avoid that trap.
"We aim to avoid naive anthropomorphism," said the lead author on the paper, Andrew Whiten of the
University of St. Andrews, "by developing a rigorous experimental design that can unambiguously answer the
question we pose."
He adds that the results were scored objectively from videotapes viewed by other scientists to avoid bias.
Whitten and his colleagues plan to do similar experiments with human children as subjects.
"If we see similar responses in the two species." whiten said, "then a concern of interpretive
anthropomorphism becomes rather contrived."
1. Some researchers have discovered that chimpanzees have a hallmark of human culture.
2. The diversity of wild chimps' behaviors suggests that there are distinct ape cultures.
3. The notion that chimps transmit culture is easy to test and prove in a controlled experiment outside of a
4. The researchers believe they have demonstrated for the first time an ability among chimpanzees to transmit
alternative technologies and alternative methods of using tools.
5. The researchers maintain that chimps are the cleverest animal.
6. All experts agree with the conclusion of this experiment which is to test the proposition.
7. Boyd believes the study data fail to offer the necessary proof.
8. The research was carried out at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center Field Station at ______.
9. Research with animal behavior risks wrongly attributing ______.
10. Whitten and his colleagues plan to do similar experiments with ______.
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each
conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions
will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four
choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter
on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 11 to 18 are bused on the conversation you have just heard.
11. [A] A holiday. [C] Work.
[B] Luck. [D] An accident.
12. [A] She prefers the stadium. [C] The light isn't bright enough.
[B] She agrees with the man. [D] The dining hall isn't large enough.
13. [A] Two hours by train. [C] One hour by bus.
[B] One hour by train. [D] One hour by car.
14. [A] English. [C] Australian.
[B] Canadian. [D] Austrian.
15. [A] Straight ahead on the street. [C] On the left.
[B] On the right. [D] Over there.
16. [A] Crown's. [C] Peter's.
[B] Mrs. Peterson's. [D] Mr. Peterson's.
17. [A] Dentist and patient, [C] Roommates.
[B] Schoolmates. [D] Workmates.
18. [A] Because she was not at home. [C] Because she was washing her hair.
[B] Because she didn't hear the telephone ting. [D] Because she didn't want to answer.
Questions 19 to 22 are bused on the conversation you have just heard.
19. [A] She generally doesn't allow people to borrow it. [C] She bought it from a friend.
[B] She is trying to sell it. [D] It has broken down before.
20. [A] The woman could probably repay it herself. [C] It probably won't cost a lot to repair.
[B] It's rather small. [D] It's probably difficult to drive.
21. [A] He only works on new cars. [C] He is one of her neighbors.
[B] He has fixed her car before. [D] He will probably overcharge her.
22. [A] Take the woman to her home. [C] Help the woman pay the mechanic's bill.
[B] Test-drive the woman's car. [D] Help the woman fix her car.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. [A] The possible existence of life on other planets. [C] A technical problem that astronomers can't
[B] Methods for building powerful new telescopes. [D] The discovery of planets orbiting distant stars.
24. [A] They studied variations in the appearance of the parent stars.
[B] They were able to see the planets with a telescope.
[C] They compared the parent stars to the Sun.
[D] They sent astronauts on a mission into space.
25. [A] Their surface features. [C] Their temperature.
[B] Their chemical composition. [D] Their age.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some
questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must
choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter
on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. [A] She does her shopping. [C] She eats a lot of things.
[B] She drinks extra tea. [D] She sleeps a great deal.
27. [A] Problems with the teachers. [C] Problems with class work.
[B] Problems with family members or friends. [D] Problems with a part-time job.
28. [A] Talking to someone over the phone. [C] Playing a video game.
[B] Drinking some diet coke. [D] Drinking extra tea.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. [A] They were able to fly it in the air.
[B] They were able to stay up in the air for half an hour and more in the machine.
[C] They were able to carry travelers.
[D] They were able to fly in around Dayton.
30. [A] Nothing. [C] Hardly anything.
[B] A lot. [D] A little.
31. [A] The reporters didn't believe what people told them about the flights.
[B] The Government didn't give the Wrights any money.
[C] The Government thought the Wrights wanted money in order to build an airplane.
[D] At the time it seemed no one could understand them.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. [A] The writer enjoys sleeping very much. [C] Bill Gates does not know how to enjoy himself.
[B] The writer doesn't like money at all. [D] Mental well-being is the most important thing.
33. [A] Material life. [C] Spiritual life.
[B] Sports life. [D] Working life.
34. [A] It is very commercial. [C] It is very insecure.
[B] It is very noisy. [D] It is very unfriendly.
35. [A] Importance of A Good Night's Sleep [C] Taking Good Care of Oneself
[B] The Best Things Money Cannot Buy [D] How to Enjoy Life Thoroughly
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you
should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in
the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blank, you can either use the exact words you have
just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
you should check what you have written.
A new book is sure to be discussed, and (36) , at colleges this fall. The book is called My Freshman Year:
What a Professor Learned by Becoming a Student. The writer is Rebekah Nathan. That is not her real name. She is
in her fifties. She is a professor of (37) at a university in the United States. Her name for it is "Any U".
The professor wanted to know why many of her students did not (38) their work or ask for help. She
decided to do a (39) project. She got the (40) of the university ethics (41) . Such groups consider
moral and legal issues in studies.
In the spring of 2002, she (42) to her own university under the name "Rebekah Nathan" and was
admitted. She lived in student housing. She took five classes during her first term and two in the second
(43) . She did pretty well, although she got one C, a mark of average. She also played sports.
(45) . They are busy with activities and jobs. They try to learn only as much as they have to. But she says
they will read the material if it is directly linked to what is being discussed in class.
(46) . She gives less reading now. She asks questions designed to get students to speak more. She offers
help. And she says she is no longer offended if a student falls asleep.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage
carefully. Then answer the questions or complete statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your
answers on Answer Sheet 2.
Home. Few words in the English language have such a special meaning. Home is a place where you can
relax, kick back and just be yourself. Just about everyone has a strong opinion of what makes a house a home.
And for most people in America, home should be, above all, comfortable.
Americans like their homes to reflect their personal tastes. Many do-it-yourselfers enjoy fixing up their house
and making it more "livable." They often try to create a cozy atmosphere so that when they're at home, they'll
really feel "at home." Sofas and lounge chairs may be heavily padded and arranged in groupings conducive ( 有
益于 ) to relaxed conversation. The bathroom even receives special attention. Carpeted floors, scented soaps,
colorful wallpaper and decorative curtains adorn the "comfort room" in many homes. And on average, Americans
have more bathrooms than any other people in the world.
Americans try to make the most of their space, too. The majority of homes have built-in closets and shelves,
and people spare no pains to add dressers, filing cabinets and closet organizers to maximize their storage space.
Although keeping the house neat is often a constant battle, Americans feel it's a battle worth fighting.
People in America keep an eye on the latest trends in interior design. In the 80s, the "country" look
dominated the home decorating scene. Rustic furniture and shelves full of old-fashioned knick-knacks created a
homey atmosphere reminiscent of rural America several generations back. The 90s have brought in another
longing for the past: the retro ( 怀旧的 ) 50s and 60s look——plain and simple furniture with square backs and
arms and block-style legs.
With all this attention to their homes, you would think Americans place a high premium on housekeeping. In
fact, however, keeping house doesn't receive as much attention as it used to. Why? The fast-paced lifestyles of the
90s allow little spare time for dusting, vacuuming and scrubbing the tub. Ironically, however, even though more
and more women work outside the home, women still do twice as much housework as men. Modem conveniences
like the washing machine, the vacuum cleaner, and the dishwasher have taken some of the drudgery (苦差事) out
of household chores. But in general, Americans these days take their cue from books like How to Avoid
47. Which word in the first paragraph describes the ideal home for most Americans?
48. According to the passage, Americans' homes usually can reflect ______________________________.
49. Why do most American homes have built-in closets and shelves, added dressers etc?
50. Popularity of rustic furniture in 1980s and plain and simple furniture in 1990s reflect Americans' attention to
51. Keeping house doesn't get so much attention today due to ______________________________.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. You should decide on the best
choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese
doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise and as a result, We are aging
Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to
be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age. With a team of colleagues at Tokyo National
University, he set about measuring brain volumes or a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.
Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and
side sections of the brain, which relate to intellect and emotion, and determine the human character. The rear (后
方的) section of the brain, which controls functions like eating and breathing, does not contract with age, and one
can continue living without intellectual or emotional faculties or functions.
Contraction of front and side parts--as cells die off--was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was
still not evident in some sixty-and-seventy-year-olds. Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple
remedy to the contraction normally associated with age-using the head.
The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in the country than in the
towns. Those least at risk says Matsuzawa, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors, white
collar workers doing routine work in government offices are, however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the
farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.
Matsuzawa's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly
in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. "The best way to maintain good blood circulation is
through using the brain," he says, "Think hard and engage in conversation. Don't rely on pocket calculators."
52. The Japanese doctors find out that ______.
[A] our brains are aging too early [C] our brains are not getting enough exercise
[B] Japanese farmers are ageing at a relatively early age [D] Japanese farmers are losing their ability to
53. The research findings based on ______.
[A] a survey of Japanese farmers [C] the study o f brain volumes of different
[B] tests performed on a thousand old people [D] the latest development of computer
54. According to the third paragraph, ______.
[A] the volume of the side section of the brain determines the human character
[B] the front section of the brain controls function of eating
[C] the front section of the brain does not contract with age
[D] human can live without intellectual or emotional functions
55. According to the passage, which people seem to age sooner than the others?
[A] Shop assistants. [C] Lawyers.
[B] Professors. [D] Doctors.
56. We should not rely on pocket calculators because ______.
[A] they are not clever as our brains [C] they are harmful to our brains
[B] we need to use our brains to prevent it from shrinking [D] we could not get enough practice on
Many of us still tend to regard emotions as interfering with rational thought, and sometimes landing us in
trouble. But in recent years psychologists have taken quite a different view. Keith Oatley, Professor of psychology
at Glasgow University, is involved in the research which shows the fundamental importance of emotions. He
believes we are very ambivalent about them: we think of our emotions as being irrational, but we also consider
them as essential to being human.
For example, Mr. Spock, a character in the television series Startrek is super-intelligent, and he has no
emotions at all! However, he is never made captain of the spaceship. Maybe, this is because Mr. Spock is not the
kind of person you can identify with a person who shows his emotions. As Professor Oatley points out, our
emotions have very important functions, for example, fear. If we cross the road and a car approaches, we usually
freeze or step back. We stop what we were doing, check what we have done, and pay very careful attention to the
environment. The emotion of fear calls into readiness this small repertoire ( 指令系统 ) of actions which, on
average, helps preserve our safety.
On the other hand, if things are going well and small problems come up, we find we can solve them with the
resources we have to hand. As a consequence, we tend to feel happy and usually continue doing the job. Anger is
an emotion that tends to occur when someone is preventing us from doing something. Then this small "kit" of
reactions enables us to prepare ourselves to be quite aggressive to that person, or to try harder, and so on.
Professor Oatley believes emotions generally occur at these junctures in actions. With fear and anger oar emotions
prompt us to start doing something else, whereas with happiness they "suggest" we continue what we are already
57. The author thinks that ______.
[A] emotions are rational [C] emotions interfere with rational thought
[B] emotions help us [D] emotions get us into trouble
58. Which of the following is TRUE of Mr. Spock, a character in Startrek?
[A] He is the captain of a spaceship. [C] He does not get along with his crew.
[B] He is short of intelligence. [D] He is a person who shows his emotions.
59. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
[A] Fear helps us to be careful about our surroundings. [C] Anger may stimulate us to make greater
[B] Happiness inspires us to continue what we are doing. [D] Anger tends to do us more harm than good.
60. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
[A] we must control our emotions in daily life
[B] emotions play a more important part than we realize
[C] positive emotions such as love and joy are good for us
[D] negative emotions such as hate and sadness prevent us from rational thinking
61. By "we are very ambivalent about them" (Lines 3～4, Para. 1 ) it is meant that ______.
[A] we have opposing feelings towards emotions [C] we are quite clear about emotions
[B] we have similar ideas of emotions [D] we can do nothing about emotions
Part Ⅴ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked [A], [B],
[C] and [D] on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Children model themselves largely on their parents. They do so mainly through identification. Children
identify (62) a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are (63) of that parent.
The things parents do and say and the (64) they do and say to them therefore strongly influence a child's
(65) . However, parents must consistently behave like the type of (66) they want their child to become.
A parent's actions (67) affect the self-image that a child forms (68) identification. Children who
see mainly positive qualities in their (69) will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way. Children who
observe chiefly (70) qualities in their parents will have difficulty . (71) positive qualities in themselves.
Children may (72) their self-image, however, as they become increasingly (73) by peers groups'
standards before they grow up.
Isolated events, (74) dramatic ones, do not necessarily have a permanent (75) on a child's
behavior. Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training. Children
who know they are loved can, for (76) , accept the divorce of their parents' or a parent's early (77) . But
if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events (78) a sign of rejection or punishment.
In the same way, all children are not influenced (79) by toys and games, reading matter, and television
programs. (80) in the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the effect of an activity or experience
depends on how the child (81) it.
62. [A] to [C] around
[B] with [D] for
63. [A] informed [C] conceived
[B] characteristic [D] indicative
64. [A] gesture [C] way
[B] expression [D] extent
65. [A] behavior [C] mood
[B] words [D] reactions
66. [A] person [C] creature
[B] human [D] adult
67. [A] too [C] also
[B] nevertheless [D] however
68. [A] before [C] with
[B] besides [D] through
69. [A] eyes [C] peers
[B] parents [D] behaviors
70. [A] negative [C] various
[B] cheerful [D] complex
71. [A] see [C] saw
[B] seeing [D] seen
72. [A] modify [C] give up
[B] copy [D] continue
73. [A] followed [C] given
[B] influenced [D] depended
74. [A] not [C] even
[B] besides [D] finally
75. [A] idea [C] stamp
[B] wonder [D] effect
76. [A] effect [C] truth
[B] example [D] fact
77. [A] death [C] advice
[B] reward [D] teaching
78. [A] as [C] of
[B] being [D] for
79. [A] even [C] alike
[B] ever [D] also
80. [A] Oh [C] Right
[B] Alas [D] As
81. [A] analyzes [C] clarifies
[B] interprets [D] translates
Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
82. Let me give you my E-mail address, and _____________________________ (你可以随时给我发信息).
83. In his composition there were ___________________________ (除了少许拼写错误以外没有其他错误).
84. In such eases, the probability that women quit the job _______________________________ (比男性辞职的
85. If these clothes are properly merchandised, ________________________________(它们在圣诞节前应该相
86. That girl has ____________________________ (很维在冬季早起).
Part Ⅰ Writing
The Best Way to Stay Healthy
If you have recently started or restarted an exercise program, you are not alone, and it proves to be the best
way to stay healthy.
In the first place, exercise makes your body, most importantly, your heart stronger--by helping it pump more
blood with each heartbeat. The blood then deliver more oxygen to your body. Exercise can also lower blood
pressure, reduce your risk of heart disease. Besides, exercise is the best way to lose weight. Burning calories and
working off the fat will help you look and feel better. In the second place, more and more people realize that
mental health is nevertheless more important than physical health. Focusing your energy on taking care of
yourself with proper exercise is the best way to not just transform your body but to lift your spirits.
If you are blessed with a healthy body and healthy mind by getting into exercises like soccer, ice skating,
jogging, running, swimming, bicycling or anything that involves lots of activities, you can be confident that you
are the "wealthiest", thus the happiest man on the planet earth.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
1．Y 根据题干中的信息词 chimpanzees 和 a hallmark of human culture 定位原文首段，可知题干表述正确。
2．Y 根据题干中的信息词 diversity 和 distinct ape cultures 定位原文，答案在第二段末句。
3．N 通读全文后可知，关于黑猩猩能不能传播文化还有争议，因而题干中的 easy to test and prove 与原文
4．Y 题干是对实验得出的结论。通读全文发现小标题 Learning and Teaching 下是全文主要描写的一个实
验， 实验结论很可能在这部分的开头或结尾。 定位原文发现答案在结尾处。 题干中的关键同为 the first time，
N 答案在 Monkey See， Monkey Do 下的第四段段首。
对于不完全否定 not all 要多加留意。
7． 根据题干中的信息词 Boyd 和 the study data 定位原文，
Y 答案在 Monkey See， Monkey Do 下末段首句。
8．Emory University。根据题干中的信息词 the Yerkes National Primate Research Center Field Station 定位原
文，可在 Personifying Animals 下的首段首句找到答案。
9．human characteristics to animals。根据题干中的信息词 risks 定位原文，答案在倒数第四段首句。
10．human children as subjects。根据题干中的信息词 Whitten 和 similar experiments 定位原文，在倒数第二
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension
他们在谈论事故而非假期，所以 D 正确。
[考点] 感叹词一般置于句首， 间或也可穿插于句子中间， 常见的感叹词除了 what 以外， 还有 how， why，
oh, ah， oh dear, my lord，good heavens，gracious me 等。如：Why，it's nearly ten o'clock. Let's hurry up．啊
shame 除了表示 “羞耻， 惭愧” 之意， 还可表示 “惋惜的事” 如： ， What a shame that I couldn't attend your
12．B 综合推断题。男士说餐厅里的灯太亮了，女寸：说： “我想它对露天足球场而言是再好不过了。 ”言
外之意，她认为这种亮度不适合餐厅。由此可知，女士同意男士的看法，所以 B 正确。
flight，plane， ship 等。
亚人，三年前去了加拿大，故选 C。本题的关键是听清男士说的 Australian 而非 Austrian (奥地利人)。
15．B 信息明示题。女士说 The Boys’ School is on the right，由此可知，B 正确。本题的关键是分清不同
B 男士开始便说 I much prefer Mrs. Peterson's lessons，由此可知， 他喜欢彼得森女士的课，
所以 B 正确。
17．B 综合推断题。男士说 She (Denise)'s at school with me，at school 意为“在学校，在求学” ，由此可
知，两者是校友，故 B 正确。
18．C 信息明示题。女士说昨晚电话铃响的时候她在洗头，所以没能接听，故 C 正确。in 在此为副词意
again 再结合其说话内容可知，车子以前也坏过，故选 D。
22．A 信息明示题。男士问女士今天下课后是否需要搭他的车回家，很明显是在提议送女士回家，故选 A。
[考点] watch out 意为“戒备，提防” ，与 watch 相关的短语还有：watch over 照看，看守，负责，如：The
mother bird is watching over her yong．鸟妈妈正照看着自己的孩子。watch for 留心找寻，耐心等候，如：
You'll have to watch for the right moment．你得等候适当的时机。
take advantage of sb. / sth.此处意为“(为达个人目的而不正当地)利用某人/某事” ，该短语还有“充分利
用”的含义，如：You should take full advantage of the hotel's facilities．你应该充分利用旅馆的设备。
微变化， 还观察到母星似乎前后摆动， 最终确定这都是由于沿轨道运行的行星的牵引而引起的， 由此推断，
[考点] break down 此处意为“分解，分为(…项)” ，还有以下含义： ①停止运转， 失效，如：The engine broke
down．引擎坏了。②失败，瓦解，如：The peace talks have broken down. 和平会谈破裂了。③感情失去控
制，如：He broke down and wept when he heard the bad news．他听到坏消息时不禁痛哭起来。
26．C 信息明示题。文章提到，卡罗尔在感到不高兴时，会去餐馆、酒吧、超市等地方大吃一顿，所以 C
27．B 信息明示题。文章提到 Her feeling of unhappiness could start from... problems with family members or
friends，由此可知 B 正确。虽然医生也提到卡罗尔的暴饮暴食可能是想忘记作业，但医生明确指出的是家
庭作业(homework assignment)而非课堂作业(class work)，排出 C。
替暴饮暴食，但并没未建议他喝健怡可乐(diet coke)，故选 B。
B 文章指出， They were able to stay up in the air for half an hour and more in this machine．由
30．C 信息明示题。文章指出，...they said hardly anything about it at all，所以 C 正确。
B 由第一段段末的新闻工作者 refuse to believe them 可知， 正确； They seemed to think
the Wrights wanted money in order to build an airplane 可知， 正确；C 由末句 It seemed nobody was interested 可
推出 D 正确；而文章并没有提及美国政府有没有资助莱特兄弟，故选 B。
神上的幸福是最重要的，所以 D 正确。
33．C 综合推断题。文章论述的是精神幸福的重要性，由此可以推断，作者非常注重精神生活，所以 C
34．B 信息明示题。文章最后提到 I hope this doesn't sound too ridiculous in today's rough，loud world，由
此可知，作者认为如今的世界是喧嚣的世界，所以 B 正确。
35．B 主旨题。文章开头就提出 Nothing can buy a better night's sleep，接下来又描述了各种用钱也买不到
的幸福，并提到一首歌名“the Best Things in Life Are Free” ，由此可知 B 正确。
36. debated 37. anthropology 38. complete 39. research
40. approval 41. committee 42. applied 43. semester
44. In My Freshman Year, she does not identify any students by name, but she does discuss what they told her
about their lives.
45. Rebekah Nathan writes that students do not have enough time to be interested in their classes.
46. The professor says her year as a student changed the way she teaches.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)
由题于定位到文章首段，最后一句指出 And for most people in America，home should be，above all，
48．their personal tastes
由题干信息词 reflect 定位到第二段的首句，美同人希望自己的家可以反映个人品味，故得答案 their
49．Because Americans want to make the most of their space．
由题干关键词 built-in closets and shelves 定位到第三段第二句，而此句的举例恰是为了征明本段主题
句，即第一句话 Americans try to make the most of their space.
50．the latest trends in interior design
由题干中的关键词 popularity of rustic furniture in 1980s 可以定位第四段第二句话，此例是为了支持本
段的主题句，即第一句话 People in America keep an eye on the latest trends in interior design，由此可得答案。
51．little spare time caused by the fast-paced lifestyles
The fast-paced lifestyles of the 90s allow little spare time for dusting，vacuuming and scrubbing the tub。要注意，
此题为补全句子，空格前为介词短语 due to，因此要将原文信息改为相应的名词短语形式。
52．C 细节题。文章第一段第二句指出，日本医生发现，我们的大脑没有得到足够的锻炼，所以 C 正确。
53．C 细节题。由文章第二段第二句可知，医生的研究建立在对 1000 个不同年龄和不同大脑体积的人的
调查之上，所以 C 正确。
54．D 细节题。由文章第三段最后一句可知，D 正确。
56．B 细节题。文章第六段指出，防止大脑萎缩的最好办法就是用脑，而不应该依赖计算器，所以 B 正
家对此提出了不同看法；再结合下文可知，作者认为感情对我们有帮助，所以 B 正确。
除 A；由文章第二段第一句可知，斯伯克智商非常高，故排除 B；由文章第二段第三句可知，斯伯克从不
表露感情，故排除 D；故 C 应为正确答案。
59．D 细节题。由文章第二、三段可知，作者并未提及“愤怒对我们弊大于利” ，故选 D。
都在论述感情对人是有帮助的，由此可推断，人们并没有充分意识到感情的重要性，所以 B 正确。
的，这是对 we are very ambivalent about them 的解说，由此可知，该句指的是我们对感情所抱有的矛盾心
Part V Cloze
62．B 惯用搭配题；identify with 在这里意为“认为同一” ，即“孩子把自己假没成父亲或母亲…” ，所以
B inform 意为 ，
“通知” characteristic 意为 “特点， 特性” conceive 意为
意为“指示的，预示的” ，characteristic of sb．意为“某人的特征” ，符合句意“当他们认为自己拥有属于
父母特有的品质和情感时…” ，故选 B。
64．C 词义辨析题。gesture 意为“姿态，手势” ，expression 意为“表情” ，way 意为“方式” ，extent 意
为“范围” ，只有 way 符合句意，即父母的言行方式，故选 C。
A “父母的言行举止， 以及他们的言行方式对孩子的______ 影响很大” ，
结合四个选项 behavior“行为” ，words“语言” ，mood“心情”和 reactions“反应” ，可知 A 正确。
66．A 词义辨析题。person 意为“人” ，human 意为“人类” ，creature 意为“生物” ，adult 意为“成年人” ，
我形象，所以应使用表并列关系的词，故选 C。too 在表示“也”的意思时一般位于句尾，nevertheless 意
为“然而” ，however 意为“然而” ，均不符合句意。
[考点] nevertheless 意为“尽管如此” ，和 notwithstanding 含义几乎完全相同。nevertheless 可用作连词或
副词， notwithstanding 也可用作连词或副同，但主要用作介词。和 in spite of 相比较，nevertheless 显得
更郑重，如：I know this is a fable，and nevertheless I believe it. 我知道这是寓言，尽管如此我还是相信它。
68．D 介词用法题。本句的意思是“孩子______身份认同形成自我形象” ，只有 through (通过)符合句意，
69．B 词义辨析题。根据下一句中的 in their parents 可知 B 正确。
70．A 词义辨析题。由上句话中的 positive 可以推测出此处应是其反义词，所以 A 正确。
71．B 惯用搭配题。have difficulty (in)doing sth．意为“做…有困难” ，是惯用搭配，所以 B 正确。
72．A 词义辨析题。空格所在句意为“然而，在儿童长大成人前，由于他们越来越______ 于同龄人的标
准，他们可能会______ 自我形象” 。四个选项中 modify 意为“修改，更改” ，give 意为“给，授予” ，copy
意为“复制” ，continue 意为“继续” 最符合句意。 ，A
73．B 词义辨析题。follow 意为“跟随，遵循” ，influence 意为“影响” ，give 意为“给予” ，depend 意
为“依靠” ，结合句意可知，B 正确。
74．C 逻辑衔接题。本句的意思是“孤立的事件，______ 富有戏剧性的事，都不一定会对孩子的行为产
生永久的______ ” ，由此可推知空格处应填入表示递进关系的词，所以 C 正确。
75．D 惯用搭配题。have an effect on 意为“对…产生影响” ，是惯用搭配，所以 D 正确。
[考点] effect 在表示 “结果” 和原因的关系是立刻性的， 如：
即马上可以看到的， Jasper has put up “No
Parking” signs outside his gate，but these have not had any effect．贾斯珀把“禁止停车”的牌子挂在大门外，
consequence 在表示 “结果”时，和原因的关系没有那么密切，并非立即可见，如：You should be
responsible for all the consequences．你应当为这一切后果承担责任。
某人头部受到沉重的一击，马上产生脑震荡，此为 effect；脑震荡后他的身体渐渐垮了，即为 consequence；
76．B 惯用搭配题。只有 example 能与 for 构成短语，作插入语，故选 B。
A 本句中 or 连接的两部分应是意义相似的令人不愉快的事， 与
相对应的词只有 death，所以 A 正确。
78．A 惯用搭配题。interpret as 意为“把…理解为” ，是惯用搭配，所以 A 正确。
79．C 词义辨析题。本句的意思是“不是所有的孩子都______ 受到玩具、游戏、读物、电视节目的影响。 ”
alike 意为“同样地” ，符合句意，所以 C 正确。
80．D 词义辨析题。as 意为“正如…” ，符合句意，故选 D。A、B 是感叹词，后面多用逗号，应排除；
81．B 词义辨析题。原句意为“行为或经历对一个孩子的影响取决于他/她如何______ 它(行为或经历)” 。
analyze 意为“分析” ，interpret 意为“理解，认为” ，clarify 意为“澄清，阐明” ，translate 意为“翻译，
解释” ，文章倒数第二段最后—句的 interpret 已给出了提示，B 正确。
Part Ⅵ Translation
82．you can send me messages at any time
句中“随时”应译为 at any time， “发信息”译为 send messages。
83．no other errors than a few misspelled words
本题的考点是“除…之外没有其他…”的译法，no other... than... 与其含义相符。此处的“少许”应译
成 a few。
84．is three times larger than the probability that men do
本题的考点是倍数的表达法，此处“大三倍”应翻译成 be three times larger than。本句中进行比较的实
际上是 probability，而不是 women 和 men，所以 than 引导的应该是 probability。而为了避免前后重复，
此处将 probability 的同位语从句的谓语部分 quit the job 用 do 来代替。
85．they should sell very well before Christmas
此处 if 引导的条件状语从句为一般现在时，因此主句应为一般将来时，而在表将来的情态动词中，
should 通常意为“应该” ，表示推断，故将“应该”译为 should。
86．a lot of trouble getting up early in winter
本题的考点是“难以做某事”的译法，即 have trouble (in)doing sth.。此处为了与中文部分的程度副词
“很”相匹配，还应在 trouble 之前用 a lot of 限定，表示强调。此外，have difficulty (in) doing sth．也可
11. W: What a shame about your accident! What a way to end your holiday!
M: Yes, it was bad luck. I suppose I should have been more careful.
Q: What are they talking about?
12. M: The light in this dining hall is too bright, don't you think?
W: I think it's perfect for a football stadium.
Q: What does the woman mean?
13. W: How long does it take to get to London?
M: It's an hour by train, and about two hours by car.
Q: How many hours does it take to get to London?
14. W: Were you in London two years ago, Mr. Jacobs?
M: No, I was in Canada. I'm an Australian, but I went to Canada three years ago.
Q: What nationality is Mr. Jacobs?
15. M: Excuse me, please! Where's the school?
W: Which one? The Infants' School is over there. The Boys' School is on the right. The Girls' School is straight
ahead on this street.
Q: Where is the Boys' School?
16. M: I much prefer Mrs. Peterson's lessons. I've got pages of notes from her lessons. I've got nothing from
W: Perhaps you don't need to take notes in Crown's lessons. It's easy to remember what he tells you.
Q: Whose lessons does the man like more?
17. M: Mrs. Wilkins, I'd like you to meet Denise. She's at school with me.
W: Hello, Denise. Pleased to meet you.
Q: What's the relationship between Denise and the man?
18. M: Where were you last night?
W: I was in all evening. The phone rang while I was washing my hair. I couldn't answer it. I'm sorry.
Q: Why didn't the woman answer the telephone?
Now you'll hear two long conversations.
M: Is this table on the comer OK?
W: Sure. We can sit here.
M: Oh, you paused to get anything on your tray.
W: Yeah. I guess I'm just not that hungry.
M: What's the matter? Aren't you feeling well?
W: Well, I've been really worried. It's my car. It's in the shop, again!
M: Really? What's wrong this time?
W: I don't know exactly. Something's wrong with the brakes, I think.
M: Well, at least that shouldn't cost you much to fix. Parts are cheaper for all the American cars like yours. Did the
mechanic say how much it would cost?
W: He said he'd call me with an estimate later on today.
M: Watch out he doesn't try to take advantage of you.
W: What do you mean?
M: Well, some car mechanics, if they think that someone doesn't know much about cars, they might try to
overcharge that person.
W: Maybe so. But I trust this guy. He was recommended by one of my neighbors. He has done some work for me
in the past and his prices seemed to be reasonable.
M: Oh, that's good to know. Maybe I'll try using him in the future. By the way, do you need a ride home after class
W: Oh, I'll sure appreciate it. It's really tough getting around without a car when you live off campus.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What does the woman imply about her car?
20. What does the man say about the woman's car?
21. What does the woman say about the mechanic?
22. What does the man offer to do?
M: Doctor Cole, thank you for agreeing to this interview for the Daily Campus News. Can you tell us about what
you and your colleagues discuss at the annual astronomy society meeting last month?
W: Yes. For the first time ever the scientific community has established the existence of planets outside our own
solar system. Of course we knew that certain distant stars existed, but only recently did we learn that several of
them are orbited by their own planets.
M: Why did it take so long to locate these planets?
W: Well, you have to understand that they are a billion times dimmer than their parent stars. It would be like
trying to see the light of a candle next to a huge explosion. We don't currently have a telescope that can be used to
M: But if the astronomers didn't see the planets through a telescope, how did they find them?
W: By a very indirect method. The astronomers measured subtle distortions in the frequency of the light from the
parent stars and observed that some of the stars seem to rock back and forth. They determined that this was caused
by gravitational pull from orbiting planets.
M: There is a powerful new telescope being built in Arizona. Will that help them see these planets?
W: They should be able to see them at least in the form of small spots of light. And then the scientists will be able
to break down and analyze this light. By doing this, they hope to learn about the chemical composition of these
planets—oxygen and ozone molecules, for example, would be telltale signs of life on these planets.
M: I'm looking forward to hearing more when the telescope is in operation. And I'm sure our readers would be
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. What is the conversation mainly about?
24. How did the scientists establish the existence of the planets?
25. What does the professor say the scientists might learn about the planets by using the new telescope?
Carole is a teenage girl. She thinks she is a bit too fat, or rather too strong. But she doesn't know how she
became that way. Nowadays, people become interested in losing weight because being overweight can bring about
many diseases. Carole has made up her mind to follow others' example and plans to lose weight as well.
Sometimes she feels so unhappy without knowing why. At these times, she often goes out to restaurants bars and
supermarkets for food. The things she likes to eat include bread, biscuits, and chocolates. Although she feels very
full in her stomach, she can't stop eating because of the enjoyment she gets. She is a little worried about her
behavior and thinks that she might have an unknown disease or an unhealthy mind. With these questions, Carole
went to see a doctor. The doctor doesn't think she has a disease, but suggests that she need self-discipline. People
often say "eat less and exercise more," but one needs discipline to follow this advice. Since Carole says she enjoys
eating although she feels very full, the doctor thinks this might be because Carole wants to forget about finishing
work or doing a complicated homework assignment. Her feeling of unhappiness could start from something
deeper, such as problems with family members or friends. The doctor says that Carole needs to find something
that can bring fun to her life. Perhaps she should give up the habit of eating too much, and do something else
instead, such as talking to someone over the phone, playing a video game or drinking extra tea. These methods
could help Carole change the habit of eating too much and become healthy again.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What does Carole normally do when she feels unhappy?
27. According to the doctor, which one of the following could be the TRUE reason wily Carole eats too much
when feeling unhappy?
28. Which of the following suggestions is NOT made by the doctor?
Today when a man steps on to the moon, or something new and important happens, the world learns about it
immediately. What did the newspapers say about that first flight in 1903? Strangely enough, they said hardly
anything about it at all. There were only a few reports about it in the papers. These reports said very little. Some of
the things they said were not even correct, In 1904, the Wrights built a second machine. They called it Flyer No. 2.
They invited some reporters to a field near Dayton to watch them fly. Unfortunately, there was some mechanical
trouble with the plane and it did not fly at all that day. The reporters went away. They were disappointed and did
not come back. The Wrights went on with their work. In 1905, they built an even better machine, Flyer No. 3.
They were able to stay up in the air for half an hour and more in this machine. They were able to turn and climb in
the air. Farmers, travelers on the roads around Dayton often saw them flying. But when these people told reporters
about it, they refused to believe them.
The Wrights offered Flyer No. 3 to the United States Government. The Government was not interested. They
seemed to think the Wrights wanted money in order to build an airplane, They did not understand the Wrights had
already done this, and flown it as well. Experts were still saying that mechanical flight was impossible. At the end
of 1905, the two brothers took their plane to pieces. The parts were put into a huge wooden case. It seemed
nobody was interested.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. What were the Wrights able to do in Flyer No. 3?
30. What did the newspaper say about the first flight in 1903?
31. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
Nothing can buy a better night's sleep. Although it sounds silly, it was the first thing that crossed my mind
when I awoke. I truly appreciated my happy rest. It was tike a gift from heaven. Interesting to think that Bill Gates,
or any rich men you can mention, really couldn't have had a more satisfying and grateful night of sleep--the best
that money can't buy.
That started me thinking of other pleasures that cost nothing or very little and that are often taken for granted,
like a drink of cold water on a hot day when you're really thirsty, or a warm relaxing bath when you're extremely
tired or mentally exhausted.
Remember your first real kiss--can you put a price tag on that? Or the companionship of a faithful and toying
pet or the clean, fresh smell of mountain air? There's an old song, "the Best Things in Life Are Free."
Did you ever eat a meal that not only filled your stomach and satisfied all your tastes, but refreshed your soul?
Ever spend a winter's evening in the company of good friends?
What could be better than listening to your favorite music or watching a good movie? Or sharing the beauty
of a sunset with a loved one? These are quite delightful and delicate pleasures. I hope this doesn't sound too
ridiculous. in today's rough, loud world. I hope the new generation can appreciate some of these things.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. What can be inferred from this speech?
33. Which one of the following categories does the writer attach great importance to?
34. What does the speaker think of today's world?
35. Which one of the following could be the most appropriate title of this speech?
A new book is sure to be discussed, and (36)debated, at colleges this fall. The book is called My Freshman
Year: What a Professor Learned by Becoming a Student. The writer is Rebekah Nathan. That is not her real name.
She is in her fifties. She is a professor of (37)anthropology at a university in the United States. Her name for it is
The professor wanted to know why many of her students did not (38)complete their work or ask for help. She
decided to do a (39)research project. She got the (40)approval of the university ethics (41)committee. Such groups
consider moral and legal issues in studies.
In the spring of 2002, she (42)applied to her own university under the name "Rebekah Nathan" and was
admitted. She lived in student housing. She took five classes during her first term and two in the second
(43)semester. She did pretty well, although she got one C, a mark of average. She also played sports.
(44)In My Freshman Year, she does not identify any students by name, but she does discuss what they told
her about their lives.
(45)Rebekah Nathan writes that students do not have enough time to he interested in their classes. They are
busy with activities and jobs. They try to learn only as much as they have to. But she says they will read the
material if it is directly linked to what is being discussed in class.
(46)The professor say, her year as a student changed the way she teaches. She gives less reading now. She
asks questions designed to get students to speak more. She offers help. And she says she is no longer offended if a
student falls asleep.