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14.2 Early Battles in the Pacific.ppt - ushasan

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									         14.2:
The Early Battles: War in
      the Pacific
  Most of the fighting in the Pacific
       was done over water!
A. Allies Stem the Japanese Tide
1. Japan and the
   Philippines
  a)   Gen. MacArthur
       i.  Soldiers in Philippines
           getting killed/wounded
       ii. Mac abandons
           soldiers/promises to
           return
  b)   Bataan March
       78,000 POW/10,000 die
Bataan March
Bataan Death March
2. Battle at Coral Sea – New Naval warfare (no)
   a. All fighting done by carrier-based airplanes
   b. Japan codes deciphered = US better prepared
   c. After battle, Alllies able to turn back Japan;
      invasion of Australia stopped (cut US
      supplies)
Places of Conflict
3.Battle of Midway:
“payback” for P.H.

a. Lead by Adm. Nimitz
b. *Japan to attack; 110
   ship; goal: destroy US
   fleet
c. Move from Midway to
   Hawaii to mainland
d. Allies outnumbered 4/1
e. Allies – massive air
   attack; Japan retreats
f. *Japan never recovers
B. Stopping the Germans
1. North Africa:
    Operation Torch
  a. Stalin wanted Allies to
     invade France first so
     Hitler would have to
     split his men.
  c. Churchill and FDR
     launch O.T. instead;
     not ready; Stalin
     upset
2. Battle of the Atlantic
  a. 7 mos of attack by
  wolf packs along US east
  coast = 681 Allied ships
  destroyed
  b. *Convoy system, sonar
  and radar help turn tide
  for U.S.
  c. Building rate for ships
  increase to 140/month
  from 100/yr
3. Battle of Stalingrad

  a. Invasion of Stalingrad due to
       Germans needing oil and
       industry
  b. Started in summer; thought it
       would be an easy invasion
  c. Fighting endured for months
       and into winter
  d. Germans on defensive;
       were not allowed to
       retreat; eventually
       surrendered; never
       recovered

								
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