Product Model 4D – Construction Pilot _PM4D ... - Stanford University by xusuqin

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									                             GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                           BUILDING SIMULATION
                                                                          ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
                             RIUSKA

                      Simulation 1


                      ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                  MWh/a           mk/a
                         700                             150000


                         600
                                                         120000

                         500
                                                                          MWh


         Product Model Approach
                         400
                                                         90000
                                                                   150


                                                                   120


     in Design, Construction and FM
                         300
                                                         60000      90


                         200                                        60

                                                         30000
                                                                    30
                         100

                                                                     0

            Development Project :
                              0                          0                 1    2   3   4   5    6    7   8      9    10     11    12




Product Model 4D – Construction Pilot
                      MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY


                      150
                              MWh
                                                                  MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY


                                                                  150
                                                                         MWh                              Heating energy:
                                                                                                          158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                      120                                         120
                                                                                                          Electric energy:


              (PM4D)    90

                        60
                                                                   90

                                                                   60
                                                                                                          270.0 mk/MWh
                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                                                                                                          Cooling electricity includes
                        30                                         30                                     the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                          the compressors, condensers
                         0                                          0
                               1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                          COP of cooling = 3

                   Pilot Project:
                        HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                        HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                    COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                    COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                        DOMESTIC WATER HEATING


            HUT 600 Case

            WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                                                       1
                     PM4D Overwiev

Partners
   Senate Properties, Finland (coordinator)
   Olof Granlund Oy, Finland (building services designer)
   YIT, Finland (general contractor)
   CIFE, Stanford University, USA (research partner)

Funding
   Tekes, the National Technology Agency (Finland)
   Partners

Schedule
   October 2000 to February 2002




                        WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo               2
                         PM4D Goals

Support in early project decisions
   Owner, users and designers
   3D and 4D visualizations of architecture, lighting, schedule,…
   Rapid analysis of life-cycle costs, comfort, energy, environment,..

Demonstrate benefits of product models
   From client briefing to design to construction to FM

Prioritize agenda for further R&D
   Product models and information management




                         WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                       3
                              Integrated Tools in PM4D
                                                                                                                                                                                  Design,
   Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                               production and
  and analysis                                                                  Architect
                                                                                 design                    Structural                                                             FM tools
      tools                                                                                                 design

                                                                                                                                                    BS
    Comfort Simulation                                                                                                                            design

                                                                       3D model
                                                          BUILDING SIMULATION
                                                                                                                                                                  Production
             GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                                                                                                                                    planning
             RIUSKA                                                 of the building
                                                          ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

                                                                                  (IFC)                                                                                         Facilities
      Simulation 1
Energy Simulation                                                                                                                                                              management
      ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                  MWh/a           mk/a
         700                             150000
                                                                                                                             GRANLUND SOFTW ARE
                                                                                                                                                                               4D Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                          BUILDING SIMULATION
                                                                                                                                                                          ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
                                                                                                                             RIUSKA

         600                                                                                                          Simulation 1


                                         120000                                                                       ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                                                  MWh/a           mk/a
                                                                                                                         700                             150000
         500
                                                          MWh
  Life cycle analysis                              150
                                                                                                                         600
                                                                                                                                                         120000


       LCC / LCA
         400
                                         90000                                                                           500
                                                                                                                                                                   150
                                                                                                                                                                          MWh

                                                                                                                                                         90000
                                                   120                                                                   400
                                                                                                                                                                   120



         300
                                         60000      90
                                                                                                                         300
                                                                                                                                             Virtual reality
                                                                                                                                                         60000      90


                                                                                                                         200                                        60

                                                                                                                                                         30000


         200
                                             CFD Simulation
                                                  60
                                                                                                                         100
                                                                                                                                                                    30



                                                                                    Visualization                             0                          0
                                                                                                                                                                     0
                                                                                                                                                                           1    2   3   4   5    6    7   8      9    10     11    12

                                         30000
                                                    30                           Lighting simulation                  MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                      MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
         100                                                                                                                  MWh                                        MWh                              Heating energy:
                                                                                                                      150                                         150                                     158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                                                                                                                      120                                         120
                                                     0                                                                                                                                                    Electric energy:
                                                                                                                        90                                         90                                     270.0 mk/MWh

              0                          0                 1    2   3   4   5    6   7   8     9    10     11    12     60                                         60
                                                                                                                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cooling electricity includes
                                                                                                                        30                                         30                                     the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                                                                                                                          the compressors, condensers
                                                                                                                         0                                          0
                                                                                                                               1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          COP of cooling = 3

      MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                      MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY                                                HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS                  COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                        HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                       COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR

              MWh                                        MWh                             Heating energy:                DOMESTIC WATER HEATING


       150                                        150      WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo mk/MWh
                                                                                158.4                                                                                                                                                      4
                                                                                         (VAT not included 2%)
                     Software Integration in PM4D


                                      Integrated BS Design Tools


                                    Product            Visualisation &                    Virtual reality
                                     data            Lighting simulation              visualisation (CAVE)


                   Drawings                          Thermal simulation

       Architect    (DWG)
                                                                              BS
          CAD
                                      BSPRo            CFD simulation       design
                                       link                                database
                 Building                                 BS system                       Facilities
               geometry and    IFC File                                                  management
                                                          design tool
                space data    ”Thermal
                  (IFC)          view”
                                                                                      Production planning
                                                        BS CAD tools                     (YIT / COVE)

                                                                                         4D simulation
                                                                                       (CIFE / SRPA / YIT)




Back                                      WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                         5
                                    Data Exchange
            GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                                                                              The product has been certified by the IAI
              BSPro                                                                           to comply with the IFC 1.5.1 standard



       •   A middleware tool for exchanging IFC-compliant data
       •   Easy linking of new and existing software
       •   Current version handles building geometry and thermal data
       •   Based on Microsoft’s COM technology

                                                                                               BS
                                                                                              CLIENT   Thermal simulation




                                                                BS COM Server for IFC Files
                                Architect          IFC File                                    BS
                                   CAD            ”Thermal                                    CLIENT    CFD simulation
                                                     view”
                                Granlund                                                       BS
                                                                                                          BS system
                                                                                              CLIENT
                                 SMOG                                                                     design tools

                   Building      Microsoft                                                     BS
                 geometry and
                                                                                              CLIENT      HVAC CAD
                                Visio 2000
                  space data
                                                                                               BS
                                                                                              CLIENT      Other tools


Back                                   WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                        6
                                   3D Modeling      GRANLUND SOFTW ARE

                                                    RIUSKA
                                                                                                 BUILDING SIMULATION
                                                                                                 ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION



                                             Simulation 1


            GRANLUND SOFTWARE                ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                         MWh/a           mk/a
              SMOG                              700                             150000


                                                600
                                                                                120000



       •
                                                500
           3D modeling for simualtions                                          90000
                                                                                          150
                                                                                                 MWh


                                                400

       •   Building geometry and structures                                               120

                                                300
                                                                                           90

       •
                                                                                60000
           Heat loss calculations               200                                        60


       •   Add-on tool for AutoCAD2000TM        100
                                                                                30000
                                                                                           30



       •   Compliant with IFC 1.5.1                  0                          0
                                                                                            0
                                                                                                  1    2   3   4   5    6    7   8      9    10     11    12



                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                      MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                     MWh                                        MWh                              Heating energy:
                                             150                                         150                                     158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                                 (VAT not included 2%)
                                             120                                         120
                                                                                                                                 Electric energy:
                                               90                                         90                                     270.0 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                                 (VAT not included 2%)
                                               60                                         60
                                                                                                                                 Cooling electricity includes
                                               30                                         30                                     the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                                                 the compressors, condensers
                                                0                                          0
                                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                                                 COP of cooling = 3
                                               HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS                  COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                               HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                       COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                               DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




Back                               WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                                                       7
                      Comfort Simulation
                                            GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                                  SPACE SIMULATION
                                                                                                SUMMER DESIGN DAY
  GRANLUND SOFTWARE                         RIUSKA
   RIUSKA                             PURPOSE OF THE SIMULATION:
                                      Simulation 1    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


                                      Simulation 2    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


                                      Simulation 3    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


• Thermal simulation tool for         Simulation 4    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.



  entire building life cycle          SUMMER DESIGN DAY HOURLY INDOOR AIR TEMPERATURES °C /HOUR OF DAY
                                       34                                                                                                        Sim. 1
                                                                                                                                                 Sim. 2
                                       32

• Currently based on DOE 2.1E
                                                                                                                                                 Sim. 3
                                       30                                                                                                        Sim. 4
                                       28                                                                                                        Outdoor


• Developed in collaboration           26

                                       24


  with LBNL                            22

                                       20



• IFC compliant by BSPro link
                                       18

                                       16

                                       14
                                             1   2   3       4   5   6   7   8   9   10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24



                                      SUMMER DESIGN DAY HOURLY SPACE LOADS W/m² /HOUR OF DAY
                                      Simulation 1                                              Simulation 2
                                        80                                                        80
                                        70                                                        70
                                        60                                                        60
                                                                                                                                                               NET
                                        50                                                        50
                                        40                                                        40
                                        30                                                        30
                                        20                                                        20                                                       WINDOW
                                        10                                                        10
                                         0                                                         0
                                       -10                                                       -10                                                  EQUIPMENT
                                           1 3 5         7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23                1 3 5        7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23

                                      Simulation 3                                              Simulation 4
                                        80                                                        80                                                       LIGHTING
                                        70                                                        70
                                        60                                                        60
                                        50                                                        50
                                                                                                                                                            PEOPLE
                                        40                                                        40
                                        30                                                        30
                                        20                                                        20
                                        10                                                        10                                                 CONDUCTION
                                         0                                                         0
                                       -10                                                       -10
                                           1 3 5         7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23                1 3 5        7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23
                                                                                                                                                     INFILTRATION


                         WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                                                                       8
                      Energy Simulation
                                          GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                           BUILDING SIMULATION
  GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                                                                       ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
                                          RIUSKA
   RIUSKA
                                   Simulation 1


                                   ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                               MWh/a           mk/a

• Thermal simulation tool for         700                             150000



  entire building life cycle          600
                                                                      120000


• Currently based on DOE 2.1E         500

                                                                      90000
                                                                                150
                                                                                       MWh


                                      400

• Developed in collaboration                                                    120

                                      300
                                                                                 90
  with LBNL                                                           60000


                                      200                                        60

• IFC compliant by BSPro link         100
                                                                      30000
                                                                                 30


                                                                                  0
                                           0                          0                 1    2   3   4   5    6    7   8      9    10     11    12



                                   MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                      MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                           MWh                                        MWh                              Heating energy:
                                    150                                        150                                     158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                       (VAT not included 2%)
                                    120                                        120
                                                                                                                       Electric energy:
                                     90                                         90                                     270.0 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                       (VAT not included 2%)
                                     60                                         60
                                                                                                                       Cooling electricity includes
                                     30                                         30                                     the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                                       the compressors, condensers
                                      0                                          0
                                            1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                                       COP of cooling = 3
                                     HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS                  COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                     HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                       COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                     DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                        WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                                                          9
Visualization and Lighting Simulation
                                                    GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                                                        VIVA

                                                 LightScapeTM




Photorealistic
visualisations




                                          Lighting simulations
                                          Links to product data
                 WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                 10
                  Virtual Reality in EVE



• Helsinki University of Technology, HUT
• Visualisation of a modelled space
• A full size virtual environmental room
  with three walls
• Data link from 3D visualization and
  lighting simulation


                       Future:
         Visualisation of thermal conditions




                          WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo   11
                        Environmental Analysis (LCA)
            GRANLUND SOFTWARE

              BSLCA


       •   Integrated tool for ecological design
       •   Buildings, technical systems, equipment
       •
                                                                                          BUILDING SIMULATION
           Throughout the design process
                                       RIUSKA
                                             GRANLUND SOFTW ARE
                                                                                          ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION




       •   Granlund’s LCA data libraries
                                      Simulation 1


                                      ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST


                                         700
                                                  MWh/a           mk/a
                                                                         150000
                                                                                                                                                            Building
                                                                                                                                                           3D model
                                         600
                                                                         120000

                                         500
                                                                                          MWh
                                                                                   150
                                                                         90000
                                         400
                                                                                   120

                                         300
                                                                         60000      90

                                 ENERGY  200
                                                                             STRUCTURES
                                                                                    60
                                                                                                                                     SYSTEMS                       NETWORKS
                                                                         30000
                                                                                    30
                                         100
                                 GRANLUND SOFTWARE                                 GRANLUND SOFTWARE                                   GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                                                                     0
                                  RIUSKA      0                          0               SMOG
                                                                                           1    2   3    4   5   6    7   8      9    10
                                                                                                                                           DESIGN
                                                                                                                                             11    12
                                                                                                                                                                   CAD TOOLS
                                      MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                      MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                              MWh                                        MWh                              Heating energy:
                                       150                                        150                                     158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                                       120                                        120
                                                                                                                          Electric energy:
                                        90                                         90                                     270.0 mk/MWh

                                        60
                                          GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                                                                   60                         Integrated LCA-tool
                                                                                                                          (VAT not included 2%)
                                                                                                                          Cooling electricity includes
                                        30

                                         0
                                                  BSLCA                            30

                                                                                    0
                                                                                                        for the entire building life cycle
                                                                                                                          the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                                          the compressors, condensers

                                               1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                                          COP of cooling = 3
                                        HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS                  COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                        HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                       COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                        DOMESTIC WATER HEATING


                                                                                                                                       Environmental database
                                                                                                                                              of BSLCA


Back                                 WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                                                                                                    12
                                CFD Simulation
                           CFD = Computational Fluid Dynamics




       • CFX tool by AEA Technology
       • Simulation of temperature
         stratification and air velocities
       • Especially for high spaces with
         high cooling loads
       • IFC compliant by BSPro link




Back                               WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo       13
                                 HVAC Design

       MagiCAD
       Progman Oy


       • 3D CAD tool for HVAC design
       • Manufacturers’ product data
       • Links to electronic cataloques




Back                              WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo   14
           Technical Facilities Management
   GRANLUND SOFTWARE

     RYHTI

                                                   Maintenance   Help desk
• For new and existing buildings
• Compliant with Granlund’s                              Base module
  design database                                                        Long term
                                                             FM
• Granlund’s FM data libraries           Document          DATABSE       planning

• Windows and Web versions
                                                                  Energy
• Links to other FM systems and                    Consumption   calculation
  building automation




                          WebShow_PM4D.ppt / MJo                                     15

								
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