March 2002 - by danhuangh


									                                                                                                    March 2002

                                                                                                    Volume 3        Issue 1

Holy Relics of Paschal and Eastertide                                                               In this Issue:
                        Bacilica of the Holy     Unction Stone
                                                                                               ⇒   Holy Relics of Pas-      1
                                                                                                   chal and Eastertide

                                                                                               ⇒   Sacred Relics            3


                                                                                               Special Points of Interest

                                                                                               •   Official ICHRusa membe r-
                                                                                                   ship ring available (see page
                                                                                                   5 for detailed picture)

                                                                                               •   Visit ICHRusa’s webpages

                                                   Tomb of Our Lord and Savior

  Altars on the site of the                                                                       P.O. Box 21301
  Crucifixion (Golgotha)                                               (Continued on page 2)   Los Angeles, CA 90021
(Continued from page 1)

          Scourging Pillar


                                                                                               passionrome.htm                                                                Holy Cross



                                                                                               passionrome.htm                                                                       (Continued on page 3)

                                              only probable argu- ments; this is par-       the cathedral church of that one of his
(Continued from page 2)
                                              ticularly to be observed if the language is   dioceses in which he last was (c. 1288).
SACRED RELICS                                 derisive or contemptuous, or if the ques-     e) It is an impious thing to sell sacred rel-
                                              tions are raised in sermons or in books,      ics. Great care shall therefore be taken
The Collectio Rerum Liturgicarum of           newspapers, or periodicals intended to        lest sacred relics and especially relics of
Rev. Joseph Wuest, C.SS.R., Latin -           foster piety (c. 1286).                       the true Cross come into the possession
1889                                          g) Whoever makes false relics or who-         of non-Catholics or lest such relics be
Matters Liturgical by Rev. Thomas             ever knowingly sells or distributes or ex-    sold on the occasion especially of the
Mullaney, C.SS.R., English transla-           poses false relics for public veneration,     disposal of inher-
tion - 1925                                   incurs ipso facto an excommunication          itances and of the alienation of property
168. Authenticity of Relics. Only those       reserved to the Ordinary (c. 2326).           wholesale; this is the responsibility of lo-
relics can be honored with a public cult      169. Care and Custody of Relics.              cal Ordinaries, vicars forane, and all oth-
in churches, even though exempt, which        a) A distinguished relic cannot be val-       ers having the care of souls (c. 1289, 1).
are certified as genuine in an authentic      idly alienated or permanently transferred     Concerning the prohibition to buy a sa-
document of a Cardinal, a local Ordi-         to another church without the permission      cred relic under any pretext whatever,
nary, or an ecclesiastic to whom the fac-     of the Holy See; this ruling also holds for   see Cong. Indulg. et Reliq.: Deer. 443 of
ulty of authenticating relics has been        any relic which belongs to a particular       Dec. 21, 1878 (THBOL. MOB.: i, N.
granted by apostolic indult (c. 1283, 1).     church and is an object of great venera-      413 AD 3, NOTE 2).
b) Without a special mandate a Vicar          tion on the part of the faithful (c. 1281,    f) Rectors of churches and others whom
General cannot authenticate a relic, even     1).                                           it concerns shall be most vigilant lest the
if there is merely question of authenticat-   b) A distinguished relic of a Saint or of     sacred relics committed to their care be
ing a relic taken from a relic already duly   one beatified cannot be kept in a private     in any way profaned, or be destroyed
authenticated, or of issuing a new certifi-   home or in a private oratory without the      through the carelessness of others, or be
cate of authenticity, or of placing a seal    express leave of the local Ordinary. If a     kept in an unbecoming manner (c. 1289,
upon an authenticated relic (c. 1283, 2;      sacred relic is not distinguished, it may     2).
CODE COMM.: JULY 17, 1933).                   be kept in a private home and be piously      g) Concerning the proper custody of
c) Local Ordinaries shall prudently with-     worn by the faithful, though it shall al-     relic collections belonging to cathedral
draw from public veneration any relic         ways be treated with due honor (c.            and other large churches, see Eph. Lit.:
which they know is certainly not authen-      1282,1-2).                                    LIV, pp. 24-28.
tic (c. 1284).                                c) The following relics of the Saints and     170. Relics of the Cross.
d) If the documents of their authenticity     of the Blessed are to be considered dis-      What is here said in regard to relics of
have been lost as a result of civil distur-   tinguished relics in the sense of the         the true Cross is to be understood as
bance or some other mishap, sacred rel-       word as used above (a-b):                     applying to any authentic relic of the
ics shall not be exposed for public ven-      The body: the head; the arm; the fore-        Passion (S.R.C. 3966).
eration without the express approval of       arm; the heart; the tongue; the hand;         b) A relic of the Cross may not be ex-
the local Ordinary; this approval cannot      the leg; that part of the body in which       posed for public veneration, if the relic of
be given by the Vicar General without a       a Martyr suffered, provided that it is        a Saint is enclosed with it in the same
special mandate (c. 1285, 1).                 entire and not small (c.1281,2).              reliquary; the relic of the Cross must be
e) What is stated above (d), does not         d) If the pectoral cross of a Bishop con-     enclosed and sealed in its own proper
apply to ancient relics. These shall be       tains a relic of the true Cross, the relic    reliquary (c. 1287, 2).
venerated in the same way as heretofore,      passes at his death to the cathedral          c) A relic of the Cross may not be ex-
unless for reasons that are certain it is     church and shall be transmitted to his        posed for public veneration on or in front
evident that the relics are false or suppo-   successor. If the deceased was Bishop         of the Blessed Sacrament tabernacle,
sititious (c. 1285,2).                        over more than one diocese at the time        any custom to the contrary notwithstand-
f) Local Ordinaries shall not permit          of his death, the relic passes to the         ing (S.B.C. 2740, i; 2906). Neither is it
questions regarding the authenticity of       cathedral church of the diocese in which      fitting to expose such a relic between the
sacred relics to be agitated, when they       he died; if he did not die in the territory                            (Continued on page 4)
rest on mere conjectures, prejudices, or      of any of his dioceses, the relic passes to
(Continued from page 3)                        isters are vested in amice, alb, cincture,     head, whether they are wearing a sacred
altar candlesticks, the proper place being     dalmatic, and tunic. A humeral veil is not     vestment or not and whether they are in-
the middle of the altar in front of the cru-   used by the celebrant, except while            side or outside the church (n. 132 g).
cifix (EPH. LIT.: LIV, P. 42 AD 5). But        blessing the faithful with the relic at the    l) During exposition of a relic of the
if neither the middle of the main altar nor    end of the exposition and while carrying       Cross the biretta is worn as usual by
the middle of a side altar can be used be-     the relic in procession. The color             clerics saying Office in choir (S.R.C.
cause of the Blessed Sacrament taberna-        of the vestments is red, except that black     2722, ii).
cle in the one case and the inconvenient       may be used on Good Friday where this          m) Anyone passing in front of a relic of
location of the altar in the other, the ex-    is customary (S.H.C. 2769, x AD 2;             the Cross exposed shall make a simple
position may be held on a table covered        2854; 3256; DB CARPO-MOKBTTI:                  genuflection (S.R.C, 2390, vii; 2722, ii;
with a white cloth and placed inside the       N. 2010).                                      2747; 2854). This shall also be observed
sanctuary.                                     h) To expose a relic of the Cross, a           at Mass and Vespers by the celebrant
d) It is not forbidden to expose a relic of    priest should, if possible, be assisted by a   and his assistants: on arriving at the altar
the Cross on an elevated stand. Nor is it      thurifer and by two acolytes with lighted      from the sacristy and on leaving the altar
forbidden to expose such a relic under a       candles. On coming to the place of ex-         for the sacristy; on leaving the middle of
canopy or to carry it under a canopy in        position, the priest removes his biretta,      the altar for the bench and on returning;
procession, provided that the use of a         hands it to the first acolyte, makes a pro-    when passing the middle of the altar dur-
canopy is sanctioned by long-standing          found bow of the head to the                   ing the incensations (S.R.C. 2722, i;
custom and that the relic of a Saint is not    veiled relic on the altar or table, and        2854; 3966). It is to be noted however,
exposed or carried with the relic of the       kneels for a brief moment in prayer. He        that all special genuflections to the relic
Cross, even in a separate reliquary (S.B.      then rises, goes up to the altar or table,     are omitted if the Blessed Sacrament is
C. 2647; 2854).                                unveils and exposes the ostensorium with       reserved at the same altar.
e) If a relic of the Cross is exposed in an    the relic, makes a simple genuflection to      n) Whenever a priest is publicly blessing
ostensorium, the latter should be clearly      the exposed relic, descends, and               the faithful with a relic of the Cross, he
distinguishable from the Blessed Sacra-        (remaining standing) puts incense into the     shall do so in silence (S.R.C. 2722, ill;
ment monstrance by its size, shape, and        thurible with the customary blessing. The      2854).
ornamentation. The reliquary containing        incensation follows as explained in the        o) A priest may offer a relic of the Cross
the relic and the ostensorium are brought      following paragraph.                           to the faithful to kiss, without having to
out beforehand to the place where the          i) A relic of the Cross is always incensed     expose it on the altar (S.R.C. 2769, x
exposition is to be; but up to the time of     with three double swings and in a stand-       AD 4). He shall wear a surplice and red
the exposition the ostensorium and the         ing position, even on Good Friday; a           stole, unless he has just celebrated a low
reliquary should be covered with a red         profound bow of the head is made be-           Mass in which case he may remain at the
veil (DB CABPO MORBTTI: N. 2008).              fore and after the incensation (S.R.C.         altar and merely lays aside his maniple
f) For the exposition of a relic of the        2324, ii; 2769, x AD I; 2854).                 (S.B.C. 2704, v). In presenting the relic
Cross there shall be at least four lighted     j) The following are the times when a          to be kissed, he may pronounce some
candles on the altar or table of exposi-       relic of the Cross shall be incensed: after    such formula as: Per Crucern et Pas-
tion. If Mass is said before the exposed       it has been exposed; before it is taken up     sionern suam liberet te Christus ab
relic, these four candles are required in      to be carried in procession; before bless-     omni malo (DB CAKPO-MOHBTTI:
addition to those required for the Mass        ing the faithful with it at the close of an    N. 2019).
(see n. 155 k, m).                             exposition. During a procession it may be      p) While a relic of the Cross is on the
g) To expose a relic of the Cross, a           incensed continuously by two thurifers         altar before or after exposition or in its
priest wears surplice and stole with or        (S.H.C. 2854). At solemn Mass or Ves-          usual place in the sacristy, those passing
without a cope. If the exposition is           pers in presence of an exposed relic of        before it shall reverence it with a pro-
merely for the sake of a solemn proces-        the Cross, the latter is incensed with the     found bow of the head (S.B.C. 2324, m;
sion or is to be preceded by a solemn          altar crucifix and not with a distinct in-     2854).
procession, the celebrant comes to the         censation (S.K.C. 4026, i).                    171. Relics of the Saints. Relics of the
place of exposition in amice, alb,             k) During a procession with a relic of the     Beatified may not be venerated publicly
cincture, stole, and cope; the sacred min-     Cross all shall walk with uncovered                                     (Continued on page 5)

(Continued from page 4)                        rament is exposed at another altar; in        iv, QTJ, 365 AD ii; EPH. LIT.: LIV, P.
in churches or carried in processions          this case) however) the kissing of the        151) ; see relic-ostensorium in altar illus-
without a special indult of the Holy See;      relic and blessing of the faithful with it    tration near the beginning of the Missal.
but this indult is to be considered in-        shall be omitted, as long as the Blessed      The reliquary containing the relic and the
cluded in the indult to celebrate in a par-    Sacrament remains exposed (S.B.C.             ostensorium are brought out beforehand
ticular church the Office and                  4059, ii). Neither is it strictly necessary   to the place where the exposition is to
Mass of a Beatus (c. 1287, 3).                 to discontinue the exposition of relics       be; but up to the time of the exposition
b) To be publicly venerated, relics of the     between the candlesticks, if the exposi-      the ostensorium and the reliquary should
Saints or of the Beatified must be bodily      tion of the Blessed Sacrament is to be of     be covered with a veil which shall be red
relics or objects which have been sancti-      short                                         for a Martyr but otherwise
fied by close contact during life with the     duration (EPH. LIT.: LVI, P. 137 AD           white (DE CARPO-MOBETTI: N.
person of the Saint or the Beatus, as e.       6).                                           1990).
g. garments or instruments of martyr-          g) It is forbidden to place a pall under      j) For the exposition of a relic of a Saint
dom. Exudations from their bones or            the relic of a Saint, when exposed (S.B.      or a Beatus there shall be at least two
objects which have been touched to             C. 2689, in; SEE N. 140 F).                   lighted candles on the altar or the table
their bodily relics or to the place of their   h) It is not forbidden to expose the relic    of exposition; this shall be observed,
burial may not be venerated publicly           of a Saint on an elevated stand; but this     even when relics are exposed between
(EPH. LIT.: LIV, p. 41 AD 2; DB                should not be the stand on which the          the altar-candlesticks on feast days. If
CABPO-                                         Blessed Sacrament is usually exposed or       Mass is said before the exposed relic,
MOHBTTI: N. 1979).                             one intended for Exposition of the            these two candles are required in addi-
c) Bodily relics may be either simple or       Blessed Sacrament. It is however under        tion to the candles required for the Mass
distinguished; concerning the latter, see      all circumstances strictly forbidden to       (S.B.C. 2067, ix; 3029, xiii; 3204;
n.169 c.                                       expose the relic of a Saint under a can-      EPH. LIT.: LIV, P. 41, NOTE 15; P.
d) To be publicly venerated, relics of the     opy or to carry such a relic under a can-     101 AD 9; SEE N. 155 L-M).
Saints or of the Beatified must be en-         opy in procession (S.B.C. 2647; 2854;         k) To expose a relic of a Saint, a priest
closed and sealed in a reliquary or case       2951, i; DB CABPO-MOBETTI: N.                 wears surplice and stole. If the exposi-
(c. 1287, 1); the reliquary or case may        1991; SEE NN. 164 A; 170 D).                  tion is merely for the sake of a solemn
contain relics of a number of Saints, but      i) If a relic of a Saint is exposed in an     procession or is to be preceded by a
not a relic of the Cross (c. 1287, 2; N.       ostensorium, the latter should be at once     solemn procession, the celebrant comes
170 B).                                        distinguishable from the Blessed Sacra-       to the place of exposition in amice, alb,
e) It is forbidden to expose the relic of a    ment monstrance by its size, shape, and       cincture, stole, and cope; the sacred
Saint on or in front of the Blessed Sac-       ornamentation (S.B.C. 3697, xiv; S.L.:        ministers are vested in amice, alb, cinc-
rament tabernacle, and every contrary
custom must be eliminated (S.B.C.
2613, vi; 2740, i; 2906; SEE NN. 147
M-N; 170 c).
f) It is forbidden to expose the relic of a
Saint on an altar where the Blessed Sac-
rament is also exposed (S.B.C. 2365, i).
If the relic is exposed on the altar on the
occasion of the feast of the Saint, it is
not allowed to have even exposition with
the ciborium on the same altar, unless
the relic is removed or at least veiled (S.
B.C. 2779; EPH. LIT.: LIV, p. 42 AD
7). But the exposition of the relic need
not be discontinued, if the Blessed Sac-                                                                             (Continued on page 6)

ture, dalmatic, and tunic. A hu-        times: after the relic has been ex-    v).
meral veil is not used by the cele-     posed; before it is taken up to be     s) Concerning the relics to be
brant, even while blessing the          carried in procession; before          placed in the sepulcher of an al-
faithful with the relic at the end of   blessing the faithful with it at the   tar, see n. 9 d-g and n. 61 a-c
the exposition or while carrying        close of an exposition. During a       (fixed altar) and n. 73 a-b
the relic in procession. The color      procession the relic may be in-        (sacred stone).
of the vestments is red for a           censed continuously and, if it is a    172. Feast of a Distinguished
Martyr, but otherwise white (B.         distinguished relic, by two thurif-    Relic. If a church or a public or
B. : x, c. xiv; DB CABPO-               ers (N. 169 c; DB CAHPO-               semi-public oratory possesses a
MOBETTI: NN. 1992-1993).                MORBTTI: N. 1994).                     distinguished relic of a Saint, it
1) In exposing a relic of a Saint,      o) Relics of the Saints placed be-     has by law the privilege of cele-
the priest should, if possible, be      tween the candlesticks of the al-      brating in the Office and Mass
assisted by two acolytes with           tar on solemn feasts are incensed      the feast of the Saint on the day
lighted candles and, if the relic is    at solemn Mass and Vespers as          assigned in the Roman Martyrol-
to be incensed, by a thurifer also.     explained in n. 165 a-b.               ogy. The use of the privilege is
On coming to the place of expo-         p) Those who carry the relic of a      not obligatory, unless the feast
sition, the priest removes his bi-      Saint in procession must under all     has already been introduced and
retta, hands it to the first acolyte,   circumstances walk with uncov-         is sanctioned by custom or unless
makes a slight bow of the head          ered head. If the relic is carried     the relic is kept in a church or
to the veiled relic on the altar or     by the celebrant alone, the sa-        oratory of a religious institute of
table, unveils and exposes the          cred ministers shall also remove       which the Saint is a member (S.
ostensorium with the relic, makes       their birettas (n. 132 k).             K.C. 4317, i).
a slight bow of the head to the         q) If a blessing is given with a       b) Under penalty .of not satisfy-
exposed relic, and descends. If         relic of a Saint after it has been     ing one's obligation to the divine
the relic is to be incensed, he re-     exposed, all shall kneel, even         Office the above priv- ilege can-
mains standing and puts incense         Canons; but the giving of the          not be used except under the fol-
into the thurible with the custom-      blessing at the close of an expo-      lowing conditions: the Saint must
ary blessing; the incensation fol-      sition is not obligatory (S.B.C.       be named in the Roman Marty-
lows as explained in the following      1711, i; 2483, v; 4243, vn).           rology; the relic must be a distin-
paragraph.                              r) In publicly presenting to the       guished relic as explained in n.
m) The relic of a Saint is always       faithful a relic of a Saint to be      169 c; it must be entire and not
incensed with two double swings         kissed, a priest shall wear sur-       mutilated; and it must be duly
and in a standing position; a slight    plice and stole; but if he has just    authenticated as truly belonging
bow of the head is made before          celebrated Mass and does not           to the Saint in question (B.B.:
and after the incensation               first retire to the sacristy, he       ADD., n AD 2 E; S.B.C. 361, ii;
(S.B.C. 2535; DB CABPO-                 merely lays aside the maniple. In      460, ii-iii; 555; 853; 1234, i;
MOBETTI: N. 1992).                      presenting the relic, he may pro-      1334, ii-iii; 1460; 1603. i-iii;
n) The incensation of a relic of a      nounce some such blessing as:          1670; 1722; 1815, ill; 1853;
Saint is not prescribed outside of      Per merita et intercessionern          2180, ii; 2228; 4317, i).
Mass and Vespers when sol-              Sancti N concedat tibi Dnus            c) An exposition of the relic is
emnly celebrated. It is allowed         salutem et pacern (S.R.C.              not required, in order to cele-
nevertheless at the following           2704; v; S.L.: iv, QTJ. 365 AD         brate the feast of the relic (S.H.

C. 4186, ii; S.L.F.: ii, N. 198).        the verse for each Nocturn are         separated, the name of the for-
d) The feast is celebrated under         taken from the current ferial day      mer must be mentioned first in
minor double rite, unless for an-        in the Psalter, while the Lessons      the oration; the same precedence
other reason the church or ora-          of the I Nocturn are from the oc-      is followed in the Lessons of the
tory must celebrate the feast on         curring Scriptures according to        II Nocturn, if the history of each
that day under a higher rite. If the     the rubrics.                           Saint is recorded in the Breviary
relic is kept in a church or ora-        h) If no special Mass is assigned      separately (B.B.: ADD., ix, 4-5;
tory of a religious institute of         for the feast in the Missal, the       IN NOV. BUBB.: P. 140).
which the Saint is a member, the         Mass is taken from the appropri-       j) If a feast of the Holy Relics has
feast is celebrated as a second          ate Common. Concerning the             been granted by the Holy See to
class double. The Office is said         Credo, see n. 228 a ad 7.              a diocese or religious institute, it
by the clergy strictly attached to       i) If the feast is a second class      shall be observed by all who fol-
the service of the church, the           double and if the Saint is named       low the calendar of the diocese
Mass by any priest celebrating in        in the calendar with a companion       or institute, even in churches and
the church on that day (S.K.C.           Saint, the two Saints are not          oratories which do not possess a
4317, i; S.L.P.: ii, N. 198).            separated, provided that they are      distinguished relic. The Office
e) The feast has the character of        related by ties of consanguinity       and Mass of this feast are
a strictly proper feast of the           or affinity; otherwise, the com-       proper, and the color is red (S.
church. Other things being equal,        panion Saint must be transferred       B.C. 2492; 4314).
it is therefore to be preferred in       or commemorated or omitted,            k) Though a common feast of the
occurrence and in the order of           according to the rubrics. If the       Holy Relics must be celebrated
reposition and transfer and com-         feast is of minor double rite and if   as explained in the preceding
memoration to a feast of the uni-        the Saint is named in the calendar     paragraph, it does not supplant
versal Church with the exception         with a companion Saint, the two        the privilege of a special feast
of a                                     Saints are not separated, pro-         given by law to an individual
Sunday and of a privileged vigil         vided that the feast of the com-       church by reason of its posses-
or feria or octave; in concur-           panion Saint is of minor double        sion of a distinguished relic. Nei-
rence, it is not preferred to a          rite. Neither are the two Saints       ther does the obligation to cele-
feast of the universal Church,           separated if the feast of the com-     brate a common feast abrogate a
other things being equal (B.B.:          panion Saint is of simple rite in      particular indult whereby one
ADD., ii AD 2 B) .                       the calendar, provided that the        feast is given to an individual
f) If perpetually impeded by a           two Saints are related by ties of      church in honor of all the Holy
feast of higher rank, the feast of a     consanguinity or affinity or that      Relics which it possesses (EPH.
relic is transferred to the first free   they died in the same place and        LIT.: xii, p. 277 AD 2; LVI, p.
day following (B.B.: ABD., V,            at the same time and for the           177).
1).                                      same reason; otherwise, the feast
g) If no special Office is assigned      of simple rite can only be com-
for the feast in the Breviary, the       memorated in the Office and
Office is taken from the appro-          Mass of the feast of the relic, ac-
priate Common. If the feast is of        cording to the rubrics. In all
minor double rite, the antiphons         cases where the Saint of the relic
and psalms at all the Hours and          and the companion Saint are not

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