Volume 3 Issue 1
Holy Relics of Paschal and Eastertide In this Issue:
Bacilica of the Holy Unction Stone
⇒ Holy Relics of Pas- 1
chal and Eastertide
⇒ Sacred Relics 3
Special Points of Interest
• Official ICHRusa membe r-
ship ring available (see page
5 for detailed picture)
• Visit ICHRusa’s webpages
Tomb of Our Lord and Savior
Altars on the site of the P.O. Box 21301
Crucifixion (Golgotha) (Continued on page 2) Los Angeles, CA 90021
(Continued from page 1)
http://www.fcsn.k12.nd.us/Shanley/broanth/ Holy Cross
http://www.fcsn.k12.nd.us/Shanley/broanth/ (Continued on page 3)
only probable argu- ments; this is par- the cathedral church of that one of his
(Continued from page 2)
ticularly to be observed if the language is dioceses in which he last was (c. 1288).
SACRED RELICS derisive or contemptuous, or if the ques- e) It is an impious thing to sell sacred rel-
tions are raised in sermons or in books, ics. Great care shall therefore be taken
The Collectio Rerum Liturgicarum of newspapers, or periodicals intended to lest sacred relics and especially relics of
Rev. Joseph Wuest, C.SS.R., Latin - foster piety (c. 1286). the true Cross come into the possession
1889 g) Whoever makes false relics or who- of non-Catholics or lest such relics be
Matters Liturgical by Rev. Thomas ever knowingly sells or distributes or ex- sold on the occasion especially of the
Mullaney, C.SS.R., English transla- poses false relics for public veneration, disposal of inher-
tion - 1925 incurs ipso facto an excommunication itances and of the alienation of property
168. Authenticity of Relics. Only those reserved to the Ordinary (c. 2326). wholesale; this is the responsibility of lo-
relics can be honored with a public cult 169. Care and Custody of Relics. cal Ordinaries, vicars forane, and all oth-
in churches, even though exempt, which a) A distinguished relic cannot be val- ers having the care of souls (c. 1289, 1).
are certified as genuine in an authentic idly alienated or permanently transferred Concerning the prohibition to buy a sa-
document of a Cardinal, a local Ordi- to another church without the permission cred relic under any pretext whatever,
nary, or an ecclesiastic to whom the fac- of the Holy See; this ruling also holds for see Cong. Indulg. et Reliq.: Deer. 443 of
ulty of authenticating relics has been any relic which belongs to a particular Dec. 21, 1878 (THBOL. MOB.: i, N.
granted by apostolic indult (c. 1283, 1). church and is an object of great venera- 413 AD 3, NOTE 2).
b) Without a special mandate a Vicar tion on the part of the faithful (c. 1281, f) Rectors of churches and others whom
General cannot authenticate a relic, even 1). it concerns shall be most vigilant lest the
if there is merely question of authenticat- b) A distinguished relic of a Saint or of sacred relics committed to their care be
ing a relic taken from a relic already duly one beatified cannot be kept in a private in any way profaned, or be destroyed
authenticated, or of issuing a new certifi- home or in a private oratory without the through the carelessness of others, or be
cate of authenticity, or of placing a seal express leave of the local Ordinary. If a kept in an unbecoming manner (c. 1289,
upon an authenticated relic (c. 1283, 2; sacred relic is not distinguished, it may 2).
CODE COMM.: JULY 17, 1933). be kept in a private home and be piously g) Concerning the proper custody of
c) Local Ordinaries shall prudently with- worn by the faithful, though it shall al- relic collections belonging to cathedral
draw from public veneration any relic ways be treated with due honor (c. and other large churches, see Eph. Lit.:
which they know is certainly not authen- 1282,1-2). LIV, pp. 24-28.
tic (c. 1284). c) The following relics of the Saints and 170. Relics of the Cross.
d) If the documents of their authenticity of the Blessed are to be considered dis- What is here said in regard to relics of
have been lost as a result of civil distur- tinguished relics in the sense of the the true Cross is to be understood as
bance or some other mishap, sacred rel- word as used above (a-b): applying to any authentic relic of the
ics shall not be exposed for public ven- The body: the head; the arm; the fore- Passion (S.R.C. 3966).
eration without the express approval of arm; the heart; the tongue; the hand; b) A relic of the Cross may not be ex-
the local Ordinary; this approval cannot the leg; that part of the body in which posed for public veneration, if the relic of
be given by the Vicar General without a a Martyr suffered, provided that it is a Saint is enclosed with it in the same
special mandate (c. 1285, 1). entire and not small (c.1281,2). reliquary; the relic of the Cross must be
e) What is stated above (d), does not d) If the pectoral cross of a Bishop con- enclosed and sealed in its own proper
apply to ancient relics. These shall be tains a relic of the true Cross, the relic reliquary (c. 1287, 2).
venerated in the same way as heretofore, passes at his death to the cathedral c) A relic of the Cross may not be ex-
unless for reasons that are certain it is church and shall be transmitted to his posed for public veneration on or in front
evident that the relics are false or suppo- successor. If the deceased was Bishop of the Blessed Sacrament tabernacle,
sititious (c. 1285,2). over more than one diocese at the time any custom to the contrary notwithstand-
f) Local Ordinaries shall not permit of his death, the relic passes to the ing (S.B.C. 2740, i; 2906). Neither is it
questions regarding the authenticity of cathedral church of the diocese in which fitting to expose such a relic between the
sacred relics to be agitated, when they he died; if he did not die in the territory (Continued on page 4)
rest on mere conjectures, prejudices, or of any of his dioceses, the relic passes to
(Continued from page 3) isters are vested in amice, alb, cincture, head, whether they are wearing a sacred
altar candlesticks, the proper place being dalmatic, and tunic. A humeral veil is not vestment or not and whether they are in-
the middle of the altar in front of the cru- used by the celebrant, except while side or outside the church (n. 132 g).
cifix (EPH. LIT.: LIV, P. 42 AD 5). But blessing the faithful with the relic at the l) During exposition of a relic of the
if neither the middle of the main altar nor end of the exposition and while carrying Cross the biretta is worn as usual by
the middle of a side altar can be used be- the relic in procession. The color clerics saying Office in choir (S.R.C.
cause of the Blessed Sacrament taberna- of the vestments is red, except that black 2722, ii).
cle in the one case and the inconvenient may be used on Good Friday where this m) Anyone passing in front of a relic of
location of the altar in the other, the ex- is customary (S.H.C. 2769, x AD 2; the Cross exposed shall make a simple
position may be held on a table covered 2854; 3256; DB CARPO-MOKBTTI: genuflection (S.R.C, 2390, vii; 2722, ii;
with a white cloth and placed inside the N. 2010). 2747; 2854). This shall also be observed
sanctuary. h) To expose a relic of the Cross, a at Mass and Vespers by the celebrant
d) It is not forbidden to expose a relic of priest should, if possible, be assisted by a and his assistants: on arriving at the altar
the Cross on an elevated stand. Nor is it thurifer and by two acolytes with lighted from the sacristy and on leaving the altar
forbidden to expose such a relic under a candles. On coming to the place of ex- for the sacristy; on leaving the middle of
canopy or to carry it under a canopy in position, the priest removes his biretta, the altar for the bench and on returning;
procession, provided that the use of a hands it to the first acolyte, makes a pro- when passing the middle of the altar dur-
canopy is sanctioned by long-standing found bow of the head to the ing the incensations (S.R.C. 2722, i;
custom and that the relic of a Saint is not veiled relic on the altar or table, and 2854; 3966). It is to be noted however,
exposed or carried with the relic of the kneels for a brief moment in prayer. He that all special genuflections to the relic
Cross, even in a separate reliquary (S.B. then rises, goes up to the altar or table, are omitted if the Blessed Sacrament is
C. 2647; 2854). unveils and exposes the ostensorium with reserved at the same altar.
e) If a relic of the Cross is exposed in an the relic, makes a simple genuflection to n) Whenever a priest is publicly blessing
ostensorium, the latter should be clearly the exposed relic, descends, and the faithful with a relic of the Cross, he
distinguishable from the Blessed Sacra- (remaining standing) puts incense into the shall do so in silence (S.R.C. 2722, ill;
ment monstrance by its size, shape, and thurible with the customary blessing. The 2854).
ornamentation. The reliquary containing incensation follows as explained in the o) A priest may offer a relic of the Cross
the relic and the ostensorium are brought following paragraph. to the faithful to kiss, without having to
out beforehand to the place where the i) A relic of the Cross is always incensed expose it on the altar (S.R.C. 2769, x
exposition is to be; but up to the time of with three double swings and in a stand- AD 4). He shall wear a surplice and red
the exposition the ostensorium and the ing position, even on Good Friday; a stole, unless he has just celebrated a low
reliquary should be covered with a red profound bow of the head is made be- Mass in which case he may remain at the
veil (DB CABPO MORBTTI: N. 2008). fore and after the incensation (S.R.C. altar and merely lays aside his maniple
f) For the exposition of a relic of the 2324, ii; 2769, x AD I; 2854). (S.B.C. 2704, v). In presenting the relic
Cross there shall be at least four lighted j) The following are the times when a to be kissed, he may pronounce some
candles on the altar or table of exposi- relic of the Cross shall be incensed: after such formula as: Per Crucern et Pas-
tion. If Mass is said before the exposed it has been exposed; before it is taken up sionern suam liberet te Christus ab
relic, these four candles are required in to be carried in procession; before bless- omni malo (DB CAKPO-MOHBTTI:
addition to those required for the Mass ing the faithful with it at the close of an N. 2019).
(see n. 155 k, m). exposition. During a procession it may be p) While a relic of the Cross is on the
g) To expose a relic of the Cross, a incensed continuously by two thurifers altar before or after exposition or in its
priest wears surplice and stole with or (S.H.C. 2854). At solemn Mass or Ves- usual place in the sacristy, those passing
without a cope. If the exposition is pers in presence of an exposed relic of before it shall reverence it with a pro-
merely for the sake of a solemn proces- the Cross, the latter is incensed with the found bow of the head (S.B.C. 2324, m;
sion or is to be preceded by a solemn altar crucifix and not with a distinct in- 2854).
procession, the celebrant comes to the censation (S.K.C. 4026, i). 171. Relics of the Saints. Relics of the
place of exposition in amice, alb, k) During a procession with a relic of the Beatified may not be venerated publicly
cincture, stole, and cope; the sacred min- Cross all shall walk with uncovered (Continued on page 5)
(Continued from page 4) rament is exposed at another altar; in iv, QTJ, 365 AD ii; EPH. LIT.: LIV, P.
in churches or carried in processions this case) however) the kissing of the 151) ; see relic-ostensorium in altar illus-
without a special indult of the Holy See; relic and blessing of the faithful with it tration near the beginning of the Missal.
but this indult is to be considered in- shall be omitted, as long as the Blessed The reliquary containing the relic and the
cluded in the indult to celebrate in a par- Sacrament remains exposed (S.B.C. ostensorium are brought out beforehand
ticular church the Office and 4059, ii). Neither is it strictly necessary to the place where the exposition is to
Mass of a Beatus (c. 1287, 3). to discontinue the exposition of relics be; but up to the time of the exposition
b) To be publicly venerated, relics of the between the candlesticks, if the exposi- the ostensorium and the reliquary should
Saints or of the Beatified must be bodily tion of the Blessed Sacrament is to be of be covered with a veil which shall be red
relics or objects which have been sancti- short for a Martyr but otherwise
fied by close contact during life with the duration (EPH. LIT.: LVI, P. 137 AD white (DE CARPO-MOBETTI: N.
person of the Saint or the Beatus, as e. 6). 1990).
g. garments or instruments of martyr- g) It is forbidden to place a pall under j) For the exposition of a relic of a Saint
dom. Exudations from their bones or the relic of a Saint, when exposed (S.B. or a Beatus there shall be at least two
objects which have been touched to C. 2689, in; SEE N. 140 F). lighted candles on the altar or the table
their bodily relics or to the place of their h) It is not forbidden to expose the relic of exposition; this shall be observed,
burial may not be venerated publicly of a Saint on an elevated stand; but this even when relics are exposed between
(EPH. LIT.: LIV, p. 41 AD 2; DB should not be the stand on which the the altar-candlesticks on feast days. If
CABPO- Blessed Sacrament is usually exposed or Mass is said before the exposed relic,
MOHBTTI: N. 1979). one intended for Exposition of the these two candles are required in addi-
c) Bodily relics may be either simple or Blessed Sacrament. It is however under tion to the candles required for the Mass
distinguished; concerning the latter, see all circumstances strictly forbidden to (S.B.C. 2067, ix; 3029, xiii; 3204;
n.169 c. expose the relic of a Saint under a can- EPH. LIT.: LIV, P. 41, NOTE 15; P.
d) To be publicly venerated, relics of the opy or to carry such a relic under a can- 101 AD 9; SEE N. 155 L-M).
Saints or of the Beatified must be en- opy in procession (S.B.C. 2647; 2854; k) To expose a relic of a Saint, a priest
closed and sealed in a reliquary or case 2951, i; DB CABPO-MOBETTI: N. wears surplice and stole. If the exposi-
(c. 1287, 1); the reliquary or case may 1991; SEE NN. 164 A; 170 D). tion is merely for the sake of a solemn
contain relics of a number of Saints, but i) If a relic of a Saint is exposed in an procession or is to be preceded by a
not a relic of the Cross (c. 1287, 2; N. ostensorium, the latter should be at once solemn procession, the celebrant comes
170 B). distinguishable from the Blessed Sacra- to the place of exposition in amice, alb,
e) It is forbidden to expose the relic of a ment monstrance by its size, shape, and cincture, stole, and cope; the sacred
Saint on or in front of the Blessed Sac- ornamentation (S.B.C. 3697, xiv; S.L.: ministers are vested in amice, alb, cinc-
rament tabernacle, and every contrary
custom must be eliminated (S.B.C.
2613, vi; 2740, i; 2906; SEE NN. 147
M-N; 170 c).
f) It is forbidden to expose the relic of a
Saint on an altar where the Blessed Sac-
rament is also exposed (S.B.C. 2365, i).
If the relic is exposed on the altar on the
occasion of the feast of the Saint, it is
not allowed to have even exposition with
the ciborium on the same altar, unless
the relic is removed or at least veiled (S.
B.C. 2779; EPH. LIT.: LIV, p. 42 AD
7). But the exposition of the relic need
not be discontinued, if the Blessed Sac- (Continued on page 6)
ture, dalmatic, and tunic. A hu- times: after the relic has been ex- v).
meral veil is not used by the cele- posed; before it is taken up to be s) Concerning the relics to be
brant, even while blessing the carried in procession; before placed in the sepulcher of an al-
faithful with the relic at the end of blessing the faithful with it at the tar, see n. 9 d-g and n. 61 a-c
the exposition or while carrying close of an exposition. During a (fixed altar) and n. 73 a-b
the relic in procession. The color procession the relic may be in- (sacred stone).
of the vestments is red for a censed continuously and, if it is a 172. Feast of a Distinguished
Martyr, but otherwise white (B. distinguished relic, by two thurif- Relic. If a church or a public or
B. : x, c. xiv; DB CABPO- ers (N. 169 c; DB CAHPO- semi-public oratory possesses a
MOBETTI: NN. 1992-1993). MORBTTI: N. 1994). distinguished relic of a Saint, it
1) In exposing a relic of a Saint, o) Relics of the Saints placed be- has by law the privilege of cele-
the priest should, if possible, be tween the candlesticks of the al- brating in the Office and Mass
assisted by two acolytes with tar on solemn feasts are incensed the feast of the Saint on the day
lighted candles and, if the relic is at solemn Mass and Vespers as assigned in the Roman Martyrol-
to be incensed, by a thurifer also. explained in n. 165 a-b. ogy. The use of the privilege is
On coming to the place of expo- p) Those who carry the relic of a not obligatory, unless the feast
sition, the priest removes his bi- Saint in procession must under all has already been introduced and
retta, hands it to the first acolyte, circumstances walk with uncov- is sanctioned by custom or unless
makes a slight bow of the head ered head. If the relic is carried the relic is kept in a church or
to the veiled relic on the altar or by the celebrant alone, the sa- oratory of a religious institute of
table, unveils and exposes the cred ministers shall also remove which the Saint is a member (S.
ostensorium with the relic, makes their birettas (n. 132 k). K.C. 4317, i).
a slight bow of the head to the q) If a blessing is given with a b) Under penalty .of not satisfy-
exposed relic, and descends. If relic of a Saint after it has been ing one's obligation to the divine
the relic is to be incensed, he re- exposed, all shall kneel, even Office the above priv- ilege can-
mains standing and puts incense Canons; but the giving of the not be used except under the fol-
into the thurible with the custom- blessing at the close of an expo- lowing conditions: the Saint must
ary blessing; the incensation fol- sition is not obligatory (S.B.C. be named in the Roman Marty-
lows as explained in the following 1711, i; 2483, v; 4243, vn). rology; the relic must be a distin-
paragraph. r) In publicly presenting to the guished relic as explained in n.
m) The relic of a Saint is always faithful a relic of a Saint to be 169 c; it must be entire and not
incensed with two double swings kissed, a priest shall wear sur- mutilated; and it must be duly
and in a standing position; a slight plice and stole; but if he has just authenticated as truly belonging
bow of the head is made before celebrated Mass and does not to the Saint in question (B.B.:
and after the incensation first retire to the sacristy, he ADD., n AD 2 E; S.B.C. 361, ii;
(S.B.C. 2535; DB CABPO- merely lays aside the maniple. In 460, ii-iii; 555; 853; 1234, i;
MOBETTI: N. 1992). presenting the relic, he may pro- 1334, ii-iii; 1460; 1603. i-iii;
n) The incensation of a relic of a nounce some such blessing as: 1670; 1722; 1815, ill; 1853;
Saint is not prescribed outside of Per merita et intercessionern 2180, ii; 2228; 4317, i).
Mass and Vespers when sol- Sancti N concedat tibi Dnus c) An exposition of the relic is
emnly celebrated. It is allowed salutem et pacern (S.R.C. not required, in order to cele-
nevertheless at the following 2704; v; S.L.: iv, QTJ. 365 AD brate the feast of the relic (S.H.
C. 4186, ii; S.L.F.: ii, N. 198). the verse for each Nocturn are separated, the name of the for-
d) The feast is celebrated under taken from the current ferial day mer must be mentioned first in
minor double rite, unless for an- in the Psalter, while the Lessons the oration; the same precedence
other reason the church or ora- of the I Nocturn are from the oc- is followed in the Lessons of the
tory must celebrate the feast on curring Scriptures according to II Nocturn, if the history of each
that day under a higher rite. If the the rubrics. Saint is recorded in the Breviary
relic is kept in a church or ora- h) If no special Mass is assigned separately (B.B.: ADD., ix, 4-5;
tory of a religious institute of for the feast in the Missal, the IN NOV. BUBB.: P. 140).
which the Saint is a member, the Mass is taken from the appropri- j) If a feast of the Holy Relics has
feast is celebrated as a second ate Common. Concerning the been granted by the Holy See to
class double. The Office is said Credo, see n. 228 a ad 7. a diocese or religious institute, it
by the clergy strictly attached to i) If the feast is a second class shall be observed by all who fol-
the service of the church, the double and if the Saint is named low the calendar of the diocese
Mass by any priest celebrating in in the calendar with a companion or institute, even in churches and
the church on that day (S.K.C. Saint, the two Saints are not oratories which do not possess a
4317, i; S.L.P.: ii, N. 198). separated, provided that they are distinguished relic. The Office
e) The feast has the character of related by ties of consanguinity and Mass of this feast are
a strictly proper feast of the or affinity; otherwise, the com- proper, and the color is red (S.
church. Other things being equal, panion Saint must be transferred B.C. 2492; 4314).
it is therefore to be preferred in or commemorated or omitted, k) Though a common feast of the
occurrence and in the order of according to the rubrics. If the Holy Relics must be celebrated
reposition and transfer and com- feast is of minor double rite and if as explained in the preceding
memoration to a feast of the uni- the Saint is named in the calendar paragraph, it does not supplant
versal Church with the exception with a companion Saint, the two the privilege of a special feast
of a Saints are not separated, pro- given by law to an individual
Sunday and of a privileged vigil vided that the feast of the com- church by reason of its posses-
or feria or octave; in concur- panion Saint is of minor double sion of a distinguished relic. Nei-
rence, it is not preferred to a rite. Neither are the two Saints ther does the obligation to cele-
feast of the universal Church, separated if the feast of the com- brate a common feast abrogate a
other things being equal (B.B.: panion Saint is of simple rite in particular indult whereby one
ADD., ii AD 2 B) . the calendar, provided that the feast is given to an individual
f) If perpetually impeded by a two Saints are related by ties of church in honor of all the Holy
feast of higher rank, the feast of a consanguinity or affinity or that Relics which it possesses (EPH.
relic is transferred to the first free they died in the same place and LIT.: xii, p. 277 AD 2; LVI, p.
day following (B.B.: ABD., V, at the same time and for the 177).
1). same reason; otherwise, the feast
g) If no special Office is assigned of simple rite can only be com-
for the feast in the Breviary, the memorated in the Office and
Office is taken from the appro- Mass of the feast of the relic, ac-
priate Common. If the feast is of cording to the rubrics. In all
minor double rite, the antiphons cases where the Saint of the relic
and psalms at all the Hours and and the companion Saint are not
The ICHRusa Prayer
Group is attached to the
Monastery of Fr. Symeon
To All The Members
Crusade for Holy
The next issue of “The Guardian” will be in June.