The Age of Exploration

Document Sample
The Age of Exploration Powered By Docstoc
					The Age of Exploration

  SS6H6 The student will analyze the
  impact of European exploration and
  colonization on various world
  regions.
        a. Identify the causes of
        European exploration and
        colonization; include religion,
        natural resources, a market for
        goods, and the contributions of
        Prince Henry the Navigator.
      The Age of Exploration
 This was a time when European leaders
  saw the need to explore new areas in order
  to gain access to the spice trade in Asia,
  spread the religion of Christianity (at the
  Catholicism), a need for more resources,
  and more wealth.
 The Age of Exploration cont…
 The Crusades led to the creation of trade
  lines between Europe and Asia, but the
  price was high.
 The Asian traders had to mark up items
  each time they changed hands.
 Items changed hands many times across
  the vast distance between Europe and Asia.
The Age of Exploration cont…
 The Age of Exploration cont…
 European rulers soon realized that if their
  country were the first to find a direct sea
  route to Asia (specifically the Spice
  Islands), then they could make a large
  profit.
 This began a great race for power in Asia
  (also known as the East or East Indies).
Prince Henry the Navigator
        1394-1460
    Prince Henry the Navigator
 Ruler of Portugal
 He was among the first to realize the power that
  would come with control of the spice trade.
 He founded the first school for navigation in
  Europe.
 Under his rule, exploration of Africa was
  expanded in an attempt to find a sea route to
  Asia.
 He never went on any expedition himself.
Exploration Under Prince Henry
         the Navigator
Exploration Under Prince Henry
         the Navigator
                 Results
 Portugal would eventually round the
  southern tip of Africa and reach India.
 Portugal would eventually begin
  establishing colonies and trade with Africa.
 This trade would later lead to the creation
  of the slave trade in which African slaves
  were bought and sold by Europeans.
Christopher Columbus 1451-1506
        Christopher Columbus
 Wanted to find a route to the East Indies by
  sailing West until he reached the other side of the
  globe.
 Had trouble finding someone to pay for the
  voyage until King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
  of Spain agreed.
 He knew that the world was round, but had no
  clue that two continents lay between Europe and
  Asia.
 He accidentally discovered the “New World”
  (North and South America)
 He died thinking that he had found a new part of
  Asia
Model of the Santa Maria
The First Voyage of Columbus
The Second Voyage of
     Columbus
The Third Voyage of Columbus
The Fourth Voyage of
     Columbus
                   Results
 Spain now had claim to lands before unknown to
  people in Europe.
 Spain continued voyages into the New World.
 They sought gold and a passage to the East.
 Would result in battles between the native people
  of the Americas and later colonies in the New
  World
Henry Hudson 1570’s-1611
              Henry Hudson
 Hired by England to find the Northwest Passage
  to Asia.
 He made several failed attempts to find a passage
  to Asia through the Northwest.
 Hired by the Dutch East India Company to find
  an Easterly passage to Asia.
 On these voyages, Hudson mapped out what is
  now the Hudson River and Hudson Bay area
  between The U.S.A. and Canada.
Voyages of Henry Hudson
                 Results
 England and France would eventually lay
  claim to parts of Canada, now that it had
  been further explored.
 Hudson’s explorations led to an opening of
  the fur trade in North America.
 Hudson’s expeditions led to a better
  understanding of the shape of North
  America.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:2/24/2013
language:English
pages:22