Hybrid Cars Angus Ashley Melady Jon Christine History of Transportation PAST 1905 – American engineer Piper filed a patent for a petrol-electric hybrid vehicle. This vehicle could reach speeds of up to 25 mph. 1921 Owen model uses gasoline engine and electric motor. PRESENT Car Manufacturers – Toyota, Honda, Nissan, BMW, Chrysler, Lexus, etc. Types – Sedans, SUVs, Trucks, Buses Prices – starting at around $19,000 and $20,000 FUTURE Hybrid technology is transitional step to hydrogen cars. Hydrogen technology – 1. hydrogen cell. 2. Electricity produced by the reaction, powers an electric motor. 3. Only by-product being steam or water is mixed with oxygen inside the fuel FUTURE (cont) GM BMW Toyota Mazda What makes a Hybrid •Two types of hybrids •Two engines •Combines Powers •Different Parts Parts of a Hybrid Car •Gasoline Engine •Fuel Tank •Electric Motor •Generator •Batteries •Transmission Series Hybrid •Gasoline Engine •Generator •Electric Motor •Fuel Tank Parallel Hybrid •Batteries •Gasoline Engine •Electric Motor •Fuel Tank •Transmission turns with both Typical Hybrid Car Image courtesy DaimlerChrysler The Mercedes-Benz M-Class HyPer -- a hybrid concept vehicle Hybrid Car Advantages Hybrid vs. Conventional Engines Produces less emissions compare with conventional engines. Reduces smog pollution by 90% or more. Less production of Carbon Dioxide(CO2) Parking and Use of HOV lane Some states like California does not require you to pay for parking. Various states started allowing those with Hybrid cars to drive on HOV lanes even with one person in the car. Huge Savings at the Pump Switching from the average sedan to the average hybrid could save the driver over 500 dollars a year! Chuen Lam ICS 101 Hybrid CAR Disadvantages SLOW SPEEDS Hybrid Cars accelerate at much slower speeds compared to vehicles totally powered by gasoline. This is the major disadvantage because many drivers feel unsafe or just don’t feel enjoyable in an automobile that is incapable of keeping pace with traditional vehicles. Battery Life Short Batteries last an average of 80,000 miles before replacement is necessary, which then costs an estimated $5,000 to $8,000, depending on the model. Hard to find part to repair and light as a paper Hybrid vehicles are smaller and use lightweight body materials, which make them more vulnerable to complete destruction in an automobile accident than larger, steel reinforced vehicles. Hybrid cars are not available in all areas of the country and the few places that do have them are limited in stock. NO Subsidies! NO Deduction ! The government currently does not offer deductions for the purchase of a Hybrid Car because there is still some gasoline present in the combustion process. Expensive Reason NO.1 To convert a normal gasoline powered engine to electric power costs an average of $7,500, excluding the cost of labor. The process also includes 17 steps and can take up to 75 hours of manual, back-breaking labor. Expensive~ Reason No. 2 Parts Included in the Conversion: Batteries-$1,000 to $2,000 Motor-$1,000 to $2,000 Controller-$1,000 to $2,000 Adapter Plate- $500 to $1,000 In my disadvantages Conclusion Even though Hybrid Car Technology is still not mature. Idea is Awesome We just need more time !