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MODEL TEST Six TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS GRADE FOUR TIME LIMIT: 130 MIN. PART Ⅰ DICTATION [l5 MIN.] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more. Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. PARTⅡ LISTENING COMPREHENSION [l5 MIN.] In sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. 1. According to the conversation, what kind of weather is usual for March? A. Rainy and cool. B. Windy. C. Hot and dry. D. Cold and dry. 2. How often is the bus scheduled to pass their stop? A. Every 21 minutes. B. Every hour. C. Every 30 minutes. D. Every 9 minutes. 3. Why is the woman waiting? A. She has to travel together with the man. B. She doesn't know her whereabouts well. C. She has just missed the No.7 bus. D. The No. 7 bus is late. 4. What can we infer about the woman? A. She once lived in a warm place. B. She longed to live in a tropical place. C. She is impatient as the bus still fails to show up. D. She is new in town and likes the climate. Questions 5 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. 5. What is one service that banks do not provide? A. Cashing checks. B. Granting loans to major international organizations. C. Selling traveler's checks. D. Transferring funds. 6. The man asked about bank loans because he A. was considering taking advantage of bank loans B. wanted to obtain a loan of $ 450,000 from the bank C. found the topic interesting D. wanted to send some money to Cairo 7. How did the man like the topic of banks and banking? A. He always thinks it very boring. B. He always finds it interesting. C. He found it boring at first but changed his view. D. He found it interesting but changed his view later. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. 8. Which of the following about the dinner party is NOT true? A. It is scheduled for February 2nd. B. The hotel has about a month to prepare for it. C. Chinese food will be served. D. It will probably start at 7:30 pm. 9. How did the woman get to know the Peony Suite? A. She was a regular customer and knew it well. B. She learned about it from a TV commercial. C. The receptionist recommended it to her. D. She read about it from a brochure. 10. What did they finally agree upon table arrangement? A. A big table for all. B. Intimately arranged small tables. C. 4 small tables for all. D. Small tables for 6. SECTION B PASSAGES In this section you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. 11. What is the latest problem facing people who drive to school? A. Pollution in the air. B. A lack of parking. C. Accidents with bicycles. D. A lack of bridges. 12. Which of the following is true? A. Bicycles have special lanes everywhere. B. Bicycles and cars are having more accidents. C. Bike paths are convenient for bicyclists. D. Bicyclists are fined $ 25 for every violation. 13. The money from the fines will be used to help ______. A. build better roads B. build more bridges C. build bike paths D. buy more bikes Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. 14. The first permanent picture was made by using A. special paper B. silver salt C. common salt D. a special metal 15. What does the speaker regard as the official date of the beginning of photography? A. 1727. B. 1826. C. 1839. D. 1860. 16. According to the passage, Mathew Brady is remembered today because ______. A. he was a famous soldier B. he took war photographs C. he painted portraits D. he designed a portable camera 17. What did Dr. Edwin Land invent? A. A quick process of developing film. B. A new kind of film. C. An automatic printer. D. A kind of camera that develops its own film. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. 18. When Americans need advice, they usually ______. A. ask the people they know for advice B. ask their family members for advice C. write to newspapers for advice D. write to their friends for advice 19. According to the passage, the two very famous writers of advice are ______. A. doctors with much experience B. educators with special training C. experienced housewives with no special training D. women with much experience but no special training 20. What can you conclude from the passage? A. Women are more willing to give help than men. B. "Dear Angel" is popular among the young people. C. Experience is more important for giving advice. D. Americans trust their family members less than their friends. SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST Questions 21 to 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 21. How many children were there in the school? A. 114. B. About 200. C. 900. D. More than 1,000. 22. What did the teachers do at the time of the fire? A. They tried to put out the fire. B. They ran into the school kitchen. C. They helped the children out of the building. D. They ran away from the building. Questions 23 to 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 23. Canada will call back its ambassador because the Teheran court ______. A. ended the trial suddenly B. did not do justice C. cleared the agent D. changed the judges 24. Canada called back its ambassador last week because Iran refused ______. A. to put the agent on trial B. to continue the trial C. to have observers at the trial D. to extradite the agent to Canada Questions 25 to 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 25. What appeal has Kofi Annan made to NATO? A. To send more troops to Afghanistan. B. To ensure peace and order in Afghanistan. C. Not to intervene in Afghanistan's general elections. D. To offer humanitarian aid to Afghanistan. 26. Which word can describe the security conditions in Afghanistan? A. Improved. B. Worsen. C. Uncertain. D. Undesirable. Questions 27 to 29 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 27. What plague are some African countries facing? A. Quick spread of the desert. B. Quick spread of an insect. C. Upsurge of an infectious disease. D. Overflowing of a river. 28. Which country is NOT suffering from the plague right now? A. Senegal. B. Sudan. C. Mali. D. Mauritania. 29. What program has been initiated? A. Spraying chemicals. B. Building a high dam. C. Raising funds in western countries. D. Appealing for more international aid. Question 30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news. 30. Tattoos and body piercing might result in all the following diseases EXCEPT ______. A. skin diseases. B. pneumonia. C. hepatitis. D. HIV. PART Ⅲ CLOZE [l5 MIN.] Decide which of the choices below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank in your answer sheet. Before the 1500's, the western plains of North America were dominated by farmers. One group, the Mandans, (31) in the upper Missouri River country, primarily in present-day North Dakota. They had large villages of houses (32) close together. The (33) arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily (34) the attacks of others who might seek to (35) some of the food these highly capable farmers stored from one year to the next. The women had primary responsibility for the fields. They had to exercise (36) skill to produce the desired results, (37) their northern location meant fleeting growing seasons. Winter often lingered; autumn could (38) by severe frost. For good measure, during the spring and summer, drought, heat, hail, grasshoppers, and other (39) might await the wary grower. Under (40) conditions, Mandan women had to grow maize capable of weathering (41) They began (42) it appeared feasible to do so in the spring. Harvesting proceeded in (43) stages. In August the Mandans picked a small amount of the crop (44) it had matured fully. This green corn was boiled, dried, and shelled, with some of the maize (45) for immediate consumption and the reststored in (46) bags. Later in the fall, the people picked the rest of the corn. They saved the best of the harvest for seeds or for trade, (47) the remainder eaten right away or stored for later use in underground reserves. With appropriate (48) of the extra food, the Mandans protected themselves (49) the disaster of crop failure and accompanying (50) 31. A. dwelling B. inhabited C. lived D. existing 32. A. built B. building C. to build D. build 33. A. loose B. dotted C. attached D. tight 34. A. to B. from C. with D. of 35. A. borrow B. plunder C. raid D. obtain 36. A. considerate B. considered C. considerable D. consignable 37. A. for B. if C. although D. until 38. A. usher in B. be ushered in C. usher to D. be ushered to 39. A. frustrations B. pets C. insects D. storms 40. A. favorable B. certain C. such D. normal 41. A. adversary B. adversarial C. adversity D. advertency 42. A. so early as B. earlier than C. early when D. as early as 43. A. three B. two C. four D. five 44. A. before B. after C. no sooner than D. as soon as 45. A. engaged B. applied C. slated D. employed 46. A. animal-skinned B. animal-skin C. animal-skinning D. animal skin 47. A. to B. as C. for D. with 48. A. saving B. banking C. keeping D. withholding 49. A. to B. with C. against D. of 50. A. hunger B. flood C. insect pest D. natural disaster PART Ⅳ GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY [15 MIN.] There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. 51. There were still some minor grammar mistakes, but ______ the composition was rather well-written. A. in the way B. all in all C. on the whole D. as a whole 52. ______ luck would have it, we arrived in time to catch the 8:00 o'clock flight to Madrid. A. Which B. As C. Before D. Because 53. The little boy demonstrated a remarkable ______ ability; his calculation with figures was faster and more accurate than any one of us here. A. numeral B. numerical C. numerous D. numerable 54. There still is a ______ version of the ship Mayflower in the museum. A. miniature B. little C. minute D. tiny 55. Due to the great difficulty in business, he decided to ______ the payment of the bills. A. infer B. defer C. confer D. prefer 56. If you have any questions, please go and ask______. A. the responsible person for the activity B. the person responsible for the activity C. the activity's responsible person D. the person for the activity responsible 57. "Have you met Bill's brothers?" "I've met one. I didn't know he had______." A. other B. the other C. ones D. another 58. I can't drink______. A. as sweet coffee as this B. sweet coffee as this C. as sweet as this coffee D. the coffee as sweet as this 59. "I'd like to see ______ Mr. Smith, please." "Do you mean ______ Mr. Smith ______ stage manager?" A. the, the, the B. /, /, the C. /, /, / D. /, the, the 60. Jack would have been a top student in his school at the time, but he ______ hard enough. A. hadn't worked B. should work C. didn't work D. won't work 61. It was reported that the project ______ by the end of this month. A. will be completed B. will have been completed C. would have completed D. would have been completed 62. This mathematic problem was so difficult that no student and no teacher ______ able to solve it. A. were B. is C. was D. are 63. He was shocked to discover that things dragged on well ______ the two weeks he had anticipated. A. from B. for C. away D. beyond 64. There used to be a cherry tree in this field, ______ ? A. usedn't it B. usen't it C. didn't it there D. usedn't there 65. He reminded ______ the letter at once so that it could catch the first post the next morning. A. me of writing B. me to write C. my writing D. me writing 66. ______ nothing to eat, he had to go to bed without supper. A. There was B. It being C. There being D. Being 67. ______ the desert is like a sea, ______ is the camel like a ship. A. What, as B. As, so C. As, as D. That, so 68. My uncle went to the police station to ______ the lost watch. A. inquire B. claim C. demand D. require 69. When he became rich, he ______ his former friends. A. broke with B. broke down C. broke away from D. broke off 70. She had to be very ______ to feed such a large family, especially when her husband was out of work. A. economic B. economical C. careful D. efficient 71. AS a ______ president of the Fund, he closely followed its development long after his retirement. A. former B. formal C. previous D. late 72. He still ______ to the hope that his son was alive. A. held B. grasped C. clung D. stuck 73. Under no ______ should we allow Jane to meet the young man again. A. circumstances B. conditions C. situations D. states 74. Studies show that most adopted children want to know who their ______ parents are. A. natural B. first C. primitive D. original 75. The seating ______ of the lecture hall is 2000. A. capability B. capacity C. quantity D. ability 76. She is far too ______ to believe these ridiculous lies. A. senseless B. sensitive C. sensible D. sentimental 77. It is ______ unlikely that the rebellion forces will surrender to the Government. A. highly B. largely C. mainly D. greatly 78. He ______ a good knowledge of English by careful study. A. gained B. obtained C. earned D. acquired 79. The English-Chinese dictionary of medical ______ compiled by Professor Smith was published recently. A. words B. expressions C. terms D. vocabulary 80. His little finger has become swollen due to the snakebite. He can feel it ______ with pain. A. throbbing B. striking C. bumping D. echoing PART Ⅴ READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN.] In this section there are several reading passages followed by twenty questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is' the correct answer. Mark your choice on your answer sheet. TEXT A O'Neill was one of the most famous advocates of a way of writing called "naturalism." This involved both a technique and a way of viewing life. Essentially, the literary concept of naturalism grew out of the concept of realism during the nineteenth century. The realist had wanted to "hold up a mirror to life" and render a very accurate picture of life. The naturalist wanted to go a step further and examine life as would a scientist. Thus the technique of the naturalist involves viewing life with scientific objectivity. For the naturalist, man is controlled by basic urges and can do very little to determine his own destiny. Forces of environment and biological instinct combine to control man's life. These basic and elemental urges place man in a position similar to that of animals. But O'Neill also accepted the psychological urges as a part of man's basic driving force. In his plays, O'Neill shows characters being driven by forces which they cannot understand or conquer. A man born in one type of environment is influenced accordingly, to a point where his basic actions in life are governed by these environmental forces. Carried to an extreme, this view leads to determinism, that is, the idea that man can do nothing for himself and is constantly at the mercy of forces outside himself. A typical image used by the naturalist is that of a person being trapped or being in a cage. In his earlier works, O'Neill often used the physical image of the cage (as in The Hairy Ape) to suggest the position of man caught or trapped in an alien and hostile universe. 81. Which one of the following is most suitable for the title of the passage? A. O'Neill as a famous playwright. B. Naturalism as a dramatic form. C. O'Neill as a realist playwright. D. The tragedy of being a man. 82. Which one of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Naturalism came into being before the nineteenth century. B. Naturalism develops on the basis of realism. C. According to the naturalists, man can do very little to change his own fate. D. Psychological urges are a part of man's driving force. TEXTB Libraries are in some way the best evidence we have of civilization. In them is the accumulated knowledge of the ages. The core of a college or university is its library. Schools are spoken highly of for the size and effectiveness of their libraries. Since libraries go on indefinitely and survive even the oldest teachers, they are full of very old books. It is easy to think of a library as a place where a lot of old books sit unused on the shelf. On the other hand, libraries can be thought of as extremely timely and up to date. They have current books, magazines, newspapers, and other materials that would be very expensive and space-consuming if you were to subscribe to them all. Many libraries have extensive collections of nonbook materials as well, including large recorded- music collections. The best way to use a library is to have some idea of how it is organized. Then you can use the people in the library as efficiently as possible. It is the staff of the library that really make it work. They know where to find the information you need. You should be aware that different people in the library have different jobs. They range from highly trained reference librarians to part-time clerical help who probably don't know much beyond their specific job. The first thing to do if you are looking for information on a particular topic is to find the right person to help you. Approach one of the library staff members (preferably one behind the desk in the reference section), and say, "Are you a reference librarian?" If you get an affirmative answer, then explain what you are looking for and, if appropriate, why you are looking for it. The reference librarian can then make a professional judgment about what materials to lead you to. People differ, of course, but generally reference librarians are eager to demonstrate the special training and knowledge they have. Many will really go all out to help you. 83. A university may be regarded as a nice one because of ______. A. its size B. its old teachers C. its large library D. its old books 84. If you want to get some information on a particular topic, you'd better ______. A. seek help from reference librarians B. look it up in the card catalog C. go to the open-shelf library D. ask for a part-time clerk's suggestion 85. Which one of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. You can get the latest information from the library. B. There are few clerks in the library. C. Libraries are out of date. D. Schools should pay little attention to the size of their libraries. 86. If you'd like to make full use of the library, your priority is A. to know the people in the library B. to be sure to know something about a particular topic C. to have an idea of the organization of the library D. to know the size and effectiveness of the library TEXTC Seventeenth-century houses in colonial North America were simple structures that were primarily functional, carrying over traditional designs that went back to the Middle Ages. During the first half of the eighteenth century, however, houses began to show a new elegance. As wealth increased, more and more colonists built fine houses. Since architecture was not yet a specialized profession in the colonies, the design of buildings was left either to amateur designers or to carpenters who undertook to interpret architectural manuals imported from England. Inventories of colonial libraries show an astonishing number of these handbooks for builders, and the houses erected during the eighteenth century show their influence. Nevertheless, most domestic architecture of the first three-quarters of the eighteenth century displays a wide divergence of taste and freedom of application of the rules laid down in these books. Increasing wealth and growing sophistication throughout the colonies resulted in houses of improved design, whether the material was wood, stone, or brick. New England still favored wood, though brick houses became common in Boston and other towns, where the danger of fire gave an impetus to the use of more durable material. A few houses in New England were built of stone, but only in Pennsylvania and adjacent areas was stone widely used in dwellings. An increased use of brick in houses and outbuildings is noticeable in Virginia and Maryland, but wood remained the most popular material even in houses built by wealthy landowners. In the Carolinas, even in closely packed Charleston, wooden houses were much more common than brick houses. Eighteenth-century houses showed great interior improvements over their predecessors. Windows were made larger and shutters removed. Large, clear panes replaced the small leaded glass of the seventeenth century. Doorways were larger and more decorative. Fireplaces became decorative features of rooms. Walls were made of plaster or wood, sometimes elaborately paneled. White paint began to take the place of blues, yellows, greens, and lead colors, which had been popular for wails in the earlier years. After about 1730, advertisements for wallpaper styles in scenic patterns began to appear in colonial newspapers. 87. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. A comparison of eighteenth-century houses and modern houses. B. The improved design of eighteenth-century colonial houses. C. The decorations used in eighteenth-century houses. D. The role of carpenters in building eighteenth-century houses. 88. What was one of the main reasons for the change in architectural style in eighteenth-century North America? A. More architects arrived in the colonies. B. The colonists developed an interest in classical architecture. C. The colonists had more money to spend on housing. D. Bricks were more readily available. 89. According to the passage, who was responsible for designing houses in eighteenth-century North America? A. Professional architects. B. Customers. C. Carpenters. D. Interior decorators. 90. What does the author imply about the use of wallpaper before 1730? A. Wallpaper samples appeared in the architectural manuals. B. Wallpaper was the same color as the wall paints used. C. Wallpaper was not used in stone houses. D. Patterned wallpaper was not widely used. TEXTD Advice to Freshman You have been at Furnell University for two weeks now. As usual, you need enough time to sleep and eat. You also want to spend time with your new friends and get some exercise. But, after the first two weeks of classes, you have probably concluded that there isn't enough time to do all these things, because you also have to attend classes, go to labs, do assignments and write papers. Soon you will be in a situation like this one: You are going to have a quiz in your ten o'clock class. You studied for it until 3 A. m. You also have an eight o'clock class. Should you sleep late and skip the eight o'clock class? To some extent the answer depends on the professor of the course. Some instructors announce that they require attendance. In that case you really should go to class. Some don't say anything. In that case you have to decide. Once in a while it is better to stay in bed and sleep than to get so tired you cannot think. However, it is not a good idea to skip class more than a few times. If you have to skip a class, ask another student for the class notes, announcements and the assignment. Also, come to the next class prepared. If you miss class because you are sick, tell the instructor afterward. He or she may let you make up the work. If you have an important appointment, tell the instructor about it before you miss the class. Here is another common problem. You took the quiz. Even after studying very hard, you could not answer all the questions. In high school you always got every answer right. What went wrong? Nothing. High school work is easy, so a good student is supposed to get a perfect score. In college the teacher wants to challenge even the best students. Therefore, almost nobody answers every question correctly. But maybe there were some very basic ideas in that course you did not understand. Go see the teacher during his or her office hours. Most teachers will gladly explain things again. Of course, they will not be pleased to repeat what they said in class to someone who skipped class. Maybe you really should get up for that eight o'clock class! 91. According to the article, a good student in college must ______. A. go to every class, no matter how he/she feels B. go to class unless there is a good reason not to C. stay in the dormitory and study D. make excuses to the teacher 92. According to the article, a good student in college must also A. know the answer to every quiz question B. answer only interesting questions C. know the answer to every question the teacher asks D. know the answers to a lot of quiz questions but maybe not the hardest ones 93. Daily attendance is required ______. A. at all American universities B. only in elementary and high schools in America C. for bad students only D. by some college professors 94. Furnell students usually have ______. A. announcements to make in class B. a lot of free time C. a lot of work and not much time D. perfect quiz scores 95. If a student doesn't understand an important part of the lesson, he or she ______. A. will never be a good student B. should ask another student for class notes C. should get a perfect score D. should ask the instructor to explain it TEXTE People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a solution from the last time they had a similar problem. They often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act without thinking; they try to find a solution by trial and error. However, when all these methods fail, the person with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six stages in analyzing a problem. First the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam's bicycle is broken, and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle. Next the thinker must define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find the reason why it does not work. For instance, he must determine if the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific. Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop. He can look at his gears carefully. After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be: put oil on the gear wheels; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels. Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewing gum between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels. Finally the solution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle works perfectly. In short, he has solved the problem. 96. As used in the first paragraph, the phrase "by trial and error" means ______. A. refer to others B. by accident C. consult teachers D. through experiments 97. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? A. People do not always analyze the problem they meet. B. People often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. C. People may learn from their past experience. D. People can not solve some problems they meet. 98. In analyzing a problem we should do all the following EXCEPT ______. A. recognize and define the problem B. look for information to make the problem clearer C. have suggestions for a possible solution D. find a solution by trial and error 99. What is the author's purpose of referring to Sam's broken bicycle? A. To illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle. B. To discuss the problems of his bicycle. C. To tell us how to solve a problem. D. To show us how to analyze a problem. 100. What is the best title for this passage? A. How to Recognize and Define Problems. B. Six Stages for Repairing Bicycles. C. Stages of problem Analysis. D. Analyzing a Problem by Yourself. PART Ⅵ WRITING [45 MIN.] SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN.] Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a composition of about 200 words on the following topic: Improving the English Quality among the Chinese People: A Necessity for China's Development in the 21st Century You are to write in three parts: In the first part, state clearly your viewpoint on the issue. In the second part, support your viewpoint with details or examples. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks. SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN.] Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50- 60 words based on the following situation: Your friend Mike has been seriously injured in a traffic accident. But you don't have the time to go and see him for the time being. Now write to him to express your concern and tell him about the likely time of your visit. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. 答案 PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHENSION 1. A 2. C 3. D 4. C 5. B 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. B 11. C 12. B 13. C 14. D 15. C 16. B 17. D 18. C 19. D 20. B 21. C 22. D 23. A 24. C 25. A 26. D 27. B 28. B 29. A 30. B PART Ⅲ CLOZE 31．本题应选 C。B 为及物动词，此处无宾语，A 和 D 都不能做谓语动词，因此应选 C。 32．本题应选 A。have 的宾语补足语在理论上 A，B 和 D 所表示的形式均可入选，但从与宾语的主被动关 系来看，仅 A 表示被动，因此选 A。C 项的不定式表示“将来” ，不合题意。 33．D 34．B 35．本题应选 D。A 项的意思是“借” ，不合题意，B 和 C 的宾语通常为“人”或“地” ，而不是“物品” 。 只有 D 符合题意。 36．C 37．A 38．本题应选 B。usher in 为固定结构，所以可以排除 C 和 D。句中有 by，构成了被动结构，所以选 B。 39．本题应选 A。文中有 other 一词，表明应填一个可以概括 drought，heat，hail， grasshoppers 等意义的 词，B，C 和 D 只能概括前面提到的一部分意思，惟独 A 涵盖了 B，C 和 D 的意思，故选 A。 40．本题应选 C。such conditions 即上段的 drought，heat，hail，grasshoppers 等， A，B 和 D 三个选项都 能与 condition 连用，但都错了。 41．C 42．本题应选 D。A 和 D 都用于同级比较，但 A 用于否定句，B 不符合题意，C 中 early 不常与 when 连 用，所以选 D。 43．本题应选 B。结合下文，8 月先收获少部分，到晚秋再收获剩余部分，所以整个收获应分两个阶段进 行，故选 B。 44．本题应选 A。下文中 green horn“嫩玉米”表明“在成熟之前就收割” 。 45．C 46．B 47．本题应选 D。with 常常带宾语及其补足语，构成介词短语作状语。其他介词无此功能，所以选 D。 48．B 49．C 50．本题应选 A。歉收后会出现饥荒，所以选 A。 PART Ⅳ GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY 51．C 52．本题应选 B。本句为一个非限定性定语从句，从句引导词代替整个主句的内容，而 C 和 D 均与题意不 符。非限定性定语从句中能用关系代词代替整个主句的只有 which 和 as 两个，其中，which 通常只能居于 主句之后，而 as 则既能放在主句之前，也能放在主句之后。而且，在一些习惯表达方式中，只能用 as， 如：as luck would have“；as is often the case；as is natural; as is usual with sb．等。本句中，该非限定性定 语从句处于主句之前，同时又是 as 的习惯用法，故 B 为最佳答案； 53．B 54．A 55．B 56．本题应选 B。responsible 作前置修饰语和后置修饰语时，意思上有所不同。作前置修饰语时，意为“有 责任心的； 或 ， a 认真负责的” “责任重大的” 如： responsible man (一个有责任心的人)， responsible position(一 a 个责任重大的岗位)；而作后置修饰语时意为“负责……的” 。本句的意思是： “如果你有问题，请去问负责 这项活动的人。 ” 57．D 58． as+形容词原形+as 是比较结构的一种形式， A 一般应置于名词之后， 例如： can't drink coffee as sweet I as this，但名词也可放在本结构中间。此外，coffee 是泛指的物质名词，不应加定冠词，所以本题应选 A。 59．D 一般来说，人名、称呼前是不加冠词的，因此第一句中不用冠词。但本题从意思上来看，有不止 一个 Mr．Smith，因此第二句中应用定冠词表示是舞台经理的那个 Smith 先生。所以应选 D。 60．本题应选 C。本题是混和虚拟句型，前半句是虚拟语气，是对过去情况的假设，而后半句是真实语气， 同样也是过去的情况，所以，应该用一般过去时，因而，本题应选 C。 61．本题应选 D。根据题干的时间状语 by the end of this month，本题应该用将来完成时，同时，从句动作 对于名语 the project 来说是被动的，因而，本题应该选 D。 ． 62．本题应选 C。在 each．．and each．． ． ．，every．．and every． ． ． ．.,many a．．and many a．．和 no．．and ． ． no．．这样的结构之后，谓语动词应该用单数形式。 63．本题应选 D。beyond 在表示时间概念时意为“迟于，晚于” ，此句可译为； “他很震惊地发现；事情不 断往后拖延，大大超出了他所预料的两个星期。 ”(其中 well 为程度副词，意为“大大地” ，相当于 much)。 64．D 65．B 66．本题应选 C。句中 there being nothing to eat 为分词独立结构(逻辑主语+分词)，用作状语，表原因。用 分词作状语时， 如果其逻辑主语与主句的主语不一致， 就要在分词前加上其逻辑主语， 构成分词独立结构， 而在 there + be 句型中，引导词 there 可以看作形式上的主语(以别于其后的名词短语所充当的真正主语)。 67．本题应选 B。此句中，as 引导状语从句，与主句中的 so 搭配构成一个固定句型，表示类比(as．．s。 ． 可看作关联连接词)。 此句的意思是： “沙漠似海， 骆驼如舟” (正如沙漠可以比作海那样， 骆驼可以比作舟)。 再比如：As food is to man，so manure is to crops．(肥料之于庄稼，正如粮食之于人)。主句可以使用正常语 序，也可使用倒装语序。 68．B 69．A 70．本题应选 B。economic 意为“有关经济的” ，如 economic aid(经济援助)； economical 意为“节俭的” ， 如 an economical housewife(节俭的家庭主妇)； careful 意为“小心的” ，如 to be careful with the eggs(小心不 要打破鸡蛋)； efficient 意为“效率高的” ，如 an efficient worker(一名能干的工人)。 71．A 72．本题应选 C。hold 和 grasp 都是及物动词，用在本句中显然是不对的，而 stick to 指在履行诺言、实践 原则、执行时间表或计划时，坚持而不改变，如：stick to a plan(坚持按计划行事)，stick to the timetable(严 格执行时间表)，stick to one's principle(坚持原则)，stick to one's promises(坚守诺言)；cling to 指紧紧抱住不 放，既可用于具体的事物，也可用于抽象的事物，如：The child clung to its mother's skirt(这个孩子紧紧抓 住他妈妈的裙子。)．cling to one's hope (抱有希望)，cling to one's belief(坚信)。 73．A 74．A 75．B 76．本题应选 C。senseless 意为“愚蠢的；无知觉的” ； ；sensitive 意为“敏感的” sensible 意为“明智的； 有判断力的” ；sentimental 意为“多愁善感的” 。本句的意思为“她很有理智，不会轻信这些可笑的谎言” ， 因此应选 sensible。 77．A 78．D 这四个词都有“获得”的意思。gain 通常指获得对自己有利、有用的事物，如： to gain fame(获 得名声)，to gain victory(获胜)，to gain experience(获得经验)；obtain 指有强烈的愿望，并通过努力而获得 所需之物，如：to obtain what one wants(得到他想要的东西)，to obtain permission(获得允许)；earn 指以工 作挣得(钱)， 如： 或因有某种品德或行为而博得， to earn a lot of money (挣许多钱)， earn praise(博得赞扬)； to acquire 一般指通过努力，经过漫长的过程，一点点积累，收集而获得，如：to acquire a fine education(受到 过良好的教育)，to acquire good habits(养成好习惯)，to acquire a foreign language(学得一门外语)。所以，在 本题中 D 为最佳选择。 79．本题应选 C。term 指某一行业、活动、或某一方面的专门用语或术语，如 medical terms(医学术语)， technical terms(技术术语)，legal terms(法律术语)，military terms(军事术语)，scientific terms(科学术语)等。 80．A PART Ⅴ READING COMPREHENSION 81．本题应选 B。此题可用排除法，A，C 同义，均是文章中为阐述观点的举例，D 明显不是文章的中心 意思。 82．A 83．C 84．A 85．A 86．本题应选 C。文中第三段讲到充分利用图书馆首先应对其结构有所了解，然后再向图书馆员寻求帮助。 87．本题应选 B。第一段第二句表明 18 世纪上半叶，房屋开始显出新的雅致。 88．C 89．C 90．本题应选 D。 本文最后一句话表明 1730 年后报上才有这类广告。 可见 1730 年前墙纸的使用并不普遍。 91．本题应选 B。文中第四段可找到答案，因疾病，不能到堂上课，事后要告诉老师，因重要的约会不能 到堂上课，应事先告诉导师，表明有正当理由才可缺席。 92．D 93．D 94．本题应选 C。文中第一段可找到答案。 95．D 96．本题应选 D。根据上下文“人们不假思索地解决问题” ，应该是通过反复实践来找到问题的解决办法 推断可知。 97．A 98．D 99．D 100．本题应选 C。文章的重点在于说明分析问题的六个环节，A 不够全面，B 和 D 偏颇。 PART VI WRITING SECTION A COMPOSITION Improving the English Quality among the Chinese People: A Necessity for China's Development in the 21st Century By Chen Xin With the rapid development of science and technology, China is facing more and more opportunities and challenges in the 21st century. We need to communicate with the outside world in every aspect. Therefore, it has become a necessity to improve the English quality among the Chinese people. The advantages of improving the English quality among the Chinese people are multifold. Firstly, with a good knowledge of English, we can take in more advanced technology and management experience, which are very important for our modernization construction. Secondly, as more foreigners come to China, and more Chinese go abroad, it is becoming urgent for us to learn English well. Or we will have difficulties in understanding each other, which will get in the way of our development. In a word, English is of much importance in every respect of China's development. So every one of us should do our best to improve our English quality and get prepared for the coming opportunities and challenges. (160 words) SECTION B NOTE-WRITING March 3 Dear Mike, You can't imagine how worried I was to learn about your car accident of yesterday evening. It was so bad that you got injured in the right leg and had to stay in hospital. I wish to come to see you this moment, but unfortunately, I'm on duty now. Perhaps, I'll be able to come tomorrow morning. Please do take good care of yourself. Yours, Helen (By Lu Chaojie) 听力原文 How to Avoid Foolish Opinions To avoid the various foolish opinions to which mankind is prone, no superhuman genius is required. If the matter is one that can be settled by observation, make the observation yourself. Many matters, however, are less easily brought to the test of experience. If you have passionate convictions on many such matters, there are ways in which you can make yourself aware of your own bias. If an opinion contrary to your own makes you angry, that is a sign that you are subconsciously aware of having no good reason for thinking as you do. So whenever you find yourself getting angry about a difference of opinion, be on your guard; you will probably find that your belief is going beyond what the evidence warrants. A good way of ridding yourself of certain kinds of prejudice is to become aware of opinions held in social circles different from your own. (155 words) In sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. M: Excuse me. Have you been waiting long? W: About ten minutes. M: Did you notice whether the number seven bus has gone by? W: Not while I've been standing here. I'm waiting for the number seven myself. M: Good. Hot today, isn't it? W: Yes, it is. I wish that it would rain and cool off. M: Me, too. This is unusual for March. I don't remember it ever being so hot and dry in March before. W: You're from Florida then? M: Not really. I was born in New York, but I've lived here for ten years now. W: My mother and I have just moved here from Indiana. M: Pretty cold in Indiana, isn't it? W: Yes. That's why we moved. But we didn't know that it would be so hot here. We should have gone to California. Do you think that we've missed the bus? M: No. It's always a little late. W: I have twenty to one, but my watch is a little fast. M: Don't worry. It never comes exactly on the half-hour like it should. Questions 5 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. M: Hello, Susan. What are you reading? W: An article on banks and banking. M: Goodness! How boring! W: I find it interesting. Do you know what a bank's functions are? M: Of course. It cashes my checks when I have any, and it keeps my money when I have any. W: Stop joking. They also transfer funds to other banks within the same country or to banks in foreign countries. M: That's true. I remember I once had to send some money to my sister in Cairo and father sent me to our bank, and it was all very simple. W: And remember that in a bank you can buy travelers' checks, foreign currency and letters of credit. M: Quite right. W: And banks do much more than that. They grant loans to consumers, business firms, and even governments. M: Do you think I could get a loan? I'd like to start my own fashion store in London. You know, I am always keen on fashion. W: Yes. You can mortgage your house to get up to $ 450,000 from the bank. M: The question of banks is an interesting one. W: Sure it is. M: I'd like to read that article once you've finished with it, if you don't mind. Questions 8 to lo are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. M: Good afternoon. Peony Plaza. Can I help you? W: Lucy Richardson, International Consultants Ltd. I'm phoning to enquire if you could cater for a dinner party we're planning to hold on 2nd of February. M. In about a month's time. Yes, I think we can manage that. How many was it for? W: There will be about twenty all told. M: At what time had you planned to meet? W: Well, I think 7:30 pm would suit us fine and we had thought of your Peony Suite. There's a rather attractive picture in your brochure. M: Yes, the Peony Suite will be free then. W: That sounds fine. We can now discuss some further details. Menu first. M: We offer two menus for your dinner party. One is more or less Chinese and the other Japanese. W: Both sound great, but we will take the second one. M: Very good, ma'am. Now the table arrangements, do you want one large table? W: No, we thought small individual tables for four would be suitable. M: This arrangement would be more intimate. W: Right. By the way, we shall need brandy with the coffee. M: That can be easily arranged. But drinks are not included in the prices. W: Okay. SECTION B PASSAGES In this section you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. In an attempt to resist the rising cost of fuel and fight the pollution choking our cities, many outgoing students have taken to riding bicycles to school. The unfortunate result of this otherwise positive trend is the traffic problems caused by bicycles having to share the road with cars. Unfortunately, traffic accidents involving bicycles are on the increase throughout the country, so this new solution has led to a dilemma. To solve this dilemma, special bike paths have been created on most roads leading to and from college campuses. It is essential that cyclists stay on those paths. It is necessary for the safety of those of you who ride bicycles as well as the motorists that you share the road with. Obviously, it may be inconvenient to ride in the bike paths at times, but we must insist on it. To enforce the necessity of staying on the paths, there are fines for bicyclists who ride down the middle of the street. The federal fines are currently running at $ 25 for a first time violation, but if the law is continually violated, the fines will increase by different amounts depending on your local ordinances. The money that is collected from the fines will go towards a fund to help build better bike paths. You may have special bicycle bridges in your neighborhood right now. If not, you can count on seeing them in the future. We are committed to making bicycling a safe alternative to using cars and we appreciate your help in making that goal a reality. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. Today I will be talking about the invention of the camera and photography. Camera is often thought to be a modern invention. But as early as 1727, a German physicist discovered light darkened silver salt, a chemical compound. Using as a camera, a big box with a small hole to let the light in, he made temporary images on the salt. Silver salt is still the basic film today. Then a French scientist made the first permanent picture by using a special piece of metal sensitized with silver salt. A photograph he made in 1826 still exists. The painter DeGair improved on the process by placing common salt, the kind we eat, on the metal. This was in 1839, the official date of the beginning of photography. But the problem was the printing of the photographs. And it was not until other scientists developed the kind of paper we now use that good printing was possible, and photography became truly modern. In the 1860's, Mathew Brady was able to take his famous pictures of the American Civil War, thus making portrait poses very popular. In the 20th century, George Eastman of the United States simplified film developing, and Edwin Land invented the so-called instant camera with self-developing film. If we say photography came into existence in 1839, it follows that it has taken more than 100 years for the camera to reach its present condition of technical refinement. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage. Most Americans don't like to get advice from the members of their family. When they need advice they don't usually ask the people they know. Instead, many Americans write letters to newspapers and magazines which give advice on different subjects, including family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes and how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers regularly patrol letters from readers with problems. Every other week along with the letter there are answers sent by people who are thought to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors; others are lawyers or educators. But among the most famous writers of advice are two women without special training for this kind of work. One of them answers letters addressed to "Dear Abby". The other is addressed as "Dear Ann". Experience is their preparation for giving advice. There is one writer who has not lived long enough to have much experience. She is a girl named Angel Brown, who started writing advice for newspaper readers at the age of ten. Her advice to young readers now appears regularly in the Philadelphia Bulletin in a column called "Dear Angel". SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST Questions 21 to 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. Officials say at least eighty-four children were killed and at least thirty injured when a fire engulfed a thatched-roof school in the southern state of Tamil Nadu. Officials say students had little chance of escaping as the fire spread from the school's kitchen and raced across the roof which collapsed. Reports from the area say teachers fled the building before ensuring all the school's nine hundred children were out. Authorities suspended at least one school official after the disaster. Questions 23 to 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. The government of Canada intends to recall its ambassador from Iran to protest the abrupt end of a murder trial. An Iranian intelligence agent was on trial for the killing last year of a Canadian-Iranian journalist. Canadian Foreign Minister Bill Graham said Sunday's decision by a Teheran court to end the trial is as he put it a denial of justice. Last week, Canada recalled its ambassador to protest Iran's refusal to allow observers at the trial. Questions 25 to 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has urged NATO to keep its promise and send more troops to Afghanistan to ensure the country's general elections can take place as planned. Mr. Annan made the appeal at a news conference at UN headquarters in New York Friday. He said preparations for the September ballot are proceeding smoothly, but there are not enough troops on the ground to assure security. Mr. Annan's comment came as Afghan President Hamid Karzai made a similar appeal. Meanwhile violence in the war-torn country continues. Two U.S. Marines were killed and one wounded late Thursday during clashes with Islamic militants in eastern Kunar Province. Questions 27 to 29 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. A United Nations agency has issued an urgent appeal for more international aid to help stop an upsurge of desert locust swarms from becoming a plague. The Food and Agriculture Organization says the upsurge is the worst in fifteen years. Large swarms have moved from their spring breeding areas in northwest Africa to Mauritania, Senegal and Mall. The organization says the locusts are likely to spread as far as Niger and Chad, and could even reach Darfur in western Sudan. A BBC science correspondent says major insecticide spraying programs have been initiated, some funded by western donors, but clearly they haven't worked. Question 30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news. The European Commission has issued a health warning about the potential risks of tattoos and body piercing. Research published by the commission in Brussels says that most chemicals used in tattoos are industrial pigments originally produced for other purposes, such as car paint. Officials warned of the risks of hepatitis, HIV or skin diseases. The EU is calling on national governments to increase monitoring.
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