Timothy J. Magner Director, Office of Educational Technology US Department of Education
• • • • • • • The faculty of sight; eyesight: poor vision. Something that is or has been seen. Unusual competence in discernment or perception; intelligent foresight: a leader of vision. The manner in which one sees or conceives of something. A mental image produced by the imagination. The mystical experience of seeing as if with the eyes the supernatural or a supernatural being. A person or thing of extraordinary beauty.
There is one thing worse than not being able to see. Being able to see, but having no vision.
Every man takes the limits of his own field of vision for the limits of the world.
Teens & Cell Phones
• 45% own a cell phone, and 33% have used a cell phone to send a text message. • Texting on cell phones is particularly common among those who already go online frequently and use other internet tools often. • Teens who have cell phones are heavy users of online communication tools. • 25% of cell phone-owning teens have used their phone to connect to the internet.
Wired teen population surges at the seventh grade • Junior High seems to be the tipping point when many get connected.
– 60% of the 6th graders reported using the internet – 82% of 7th graders are – 94% of eleventh and twelfth graders. – 44% of 6th grade boys report going online, compared to 79% of sixth grade girls.
Email a fixture, but IM is preferred.
• View email as something you use to talk to “old people,” institutions, or to send complex instructions to large groups. • Casual written conversation, particularly with friends, online instant messaging is the the mode of choice for today’s online teens.
– 50% of IM-using teens have included a link to an interesting or funny article or website in an instant message. – 45% have used IM to send photos or documents. – 31% have sent music or video files via IM.
Cell Phones Becoming Remote Controls of Our Lives
• Smartphones being used to retrieve documents from office computers across the globe. • E-mail, programming set-top boxes, and keeping an eye on the home surveillance system. • GPS-equipped cell phone gets bearings using onscreen maps. • Millions of Japanese already use their handsets as digital wallets. • 187.7 million people - 65.4% - of the U.S. population, own cell phones, (Yankee Group - has stopped tracking sales of handheld computers that lack cellular connectivity - irrelevant) • Phones that double and triple as digital music players, personal organizers and cameras are just the beginning.
• EasyReach: software that enables users of smartphones to search their PCs by keyword then email retrieved documents to whatever address they choose. Search multiple desktop PCs, designed to support the devices of any wireless carrier worldwide. • Orb Networks: software turns the PC into a personal network server that can stream video files and music to handheld devices. • Orb Networks & Avvenu: let handheld users watch shows they've recorded on their TiVos as well as program their TiVo set-top boxes from their smartphone.
• MapQuest and Nextel Communications "Find Me" Service, which uses MapQuest's digital maps on GPS-enabled mobile phones. • Destinator Technologies Inc. software for GPSenabled smartphones and handhelds that automatically updates a route based on the device user's location. • Allows friends and colleagues to spot each other's locations on a map in relation to their ultimate destination and send directions via instant message.
It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the ones most responsive to change.
Prof. Neil Gershenfeld, inventor of Fab Lab, says that personal fabricators are about to revolutionize the world. Soon, he says, it will be possible for us to create any object we desire -- from a toy to a gadget to even another personal fabricator -right on our desktop.
Movie available at http://nano.cancer.gov/objects/video/video_journey_320x240_high.wmv
New Department of Education Math and Science programs
American Competitiveness Initiative
Proposed for Fiscal Year 2007
Deficit Reduction Act
Signed into law on February 8, 2006
• National Math Panel • Math Now for Elementary School
• American Competitiveness Council • American Competitiveness / SMART Grants
• Math Now for Middle School
• AP Incentive Program • Adjunct Teacher Corps
National Math Panel and Math Now programs will prepare students to take and pass Algebra
National Math Panel
Convene experts to empirically evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to teaching math, creating a research base to improve instructional methods for teachers Lay groundwork for Math Now program for grades K-7 to prepare every student to take and pass algebra Promote promising, research-based practices in mathematics instruction Prepare students for more rigorous math course work in middle and high school
Math Now for Elementary School Students
Math Now for Middle School Students
Diagnose students’ deficiencies in math proficiency Provide intensive and systematic instruction to enable them to take and pass algebra
We have proposed an Adjunct Teacher Corps to address this problem
Adjunct Teacher Corps
• Would encourage 30,000 qualified math and science professionals to become part-time or temporary teachers by 2015 • Teachers could, for example: – Teach for an hour a week – Give guest lectures – Co-teach a class for one year – Become a full-time teacher for a year • Programs could be sponsored by businesses, non-profits, or local and state educational agencies • $25M proposed for FY 2007
To improve students knowledge of math & science we have proposed an AP Incentive program
• Students who take two or more Advanced Placement classes are twice as likely to graduate from college in four years or less than students who do not take any AP classes (College Board). • Over 40% of our nation’s high schools do not offer any AP courses. Many of these schools serve predominantly low-income and minority students. • Research shows that nearly 500,000 more students could be expected to score 3 or higher (on a scale of 1-5) on the AP Calculus exam if they had taken or had access to the course, and over 640,000 more students could be expected to score 3 or high on the AP Biology exam if they had taken or had access to the course.
We have proposed to expand the AP Incentive program across the country
AP Incentive Program
• Would train 70,000 additional teachers to lead AP/IB math and science courses. It would increase the number of students taking AP/IB tests to 1.5 million over the next five years, tripling the number of passing test-takers to approximately 700,000 • $122M proposed for FY 2007
– Currently funded at $32M – Proposed increase of $90M
• Propose a nation-wide expansion of this program
Academic Competitiveness and SMART grants
Academic Competitiveness Grants National Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grants
–Given to 1st and 2nd year Pell eligible students who took a “rigorous” high school program of study and meet several other requirements –1st years can receive up to $750 –2nd years must have a 3.0 college GPA and can receive $1300
– Given to 3rd and 4th year Pell eligible students who have a 3.0 college GPA and major in math, science, or critical foreign languages and meet several other requirements –Both 3rd and 4th years can receive up to $4000
$850M appropriated for FY07
Academic Competitiveness Council
• Academic Competitiveness Council
• Secretary Margaret Spellings is the Chair Representatives from 13 agencies with math and science education programs • Formed by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 • First meeting was held on March 6
• GAO report identified $2.8B of spending on 207 existing math and science education programs across 12 federal agencies (excluding DOD) • To evaluate the effectiveness of each program, to identify areas of overlap, and to recommend ways to efficiently integrate and coordinate in the future • To ensure that all the programs are coordinated with the principles of No Child
How old would you be if you didn't know how old you are?
Nothing stops an organization faster than people who believe that the way you worked yesterday is the best way to work tomorrow.
Probeware Handhelds Cat 5e
Learning Management System
• • • • • • • Administrator/leadership support Driven by educational/administrative need Select appropriate technologies Evaluate infrastructure/bandwidth Include training and support Collect data aligned to goals Evaluate impact to inform ongoing implementation
Integrated Student Data
Traditional Funding Approach
• Targets dedicated funds to specific projects • May be disconnected from educational goal • Misses ‘multiplier effect’ from coordinated spending
Prof. Development & Tech Support
Funding Programs Content, Instructional Software Applications
Infrastructure & Devices
Systemic Funding Approach
• Focus on educational goal
• Determine appropriate software and hardware to support that goal • Include professional development, technical support and ongoing maintenance • Pool funding from multiple sources to support particular aspects of the overall project • Achieve ‘multiplier effect’ from coordinated spending
Educational Goal/Need Content, Instructional Software, Applications Infrastructure & Devices Prof. Development & Tech Support Funding Programs
The future is not some place we are going to, but one we are creating. The paths to it are not found, but made, and the activity of making them changes both the maker and the destination. John Schaartest