India Study Tour Report 2009 _final_00002

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India Study Tour Report 2009 _final_00002 Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                                                                              Partnerships between British and Indian institutions have been flourishing for a number of decades
        Partnerships between                                                                                                                  resulting in success stories but also some unfortunate failures. The regulatory HE environment in India
                                                                                                                                              has gradually become protective, complex and restrictive as a result of negative experiences with
                                                                                                                                              overseas institutions that were perceived as pursuing financial rather than educational benefits.

        Indian and UK                                                                                                                         Currently, Indian HE institutions that are publically funded do not have much freedom to develop their
                                                                                                                                              own curricula, preventing them from entering into partner agreements with foreign institutions and
                                                                                                                                              from venturing into new subject areas. Some institutions have been able to create joint degrees but
        HE institutions                                                                                                                       these are still rather rare and not always recognised by the regulatory authorities.

                                                                                                                                              Collaboration initiatives                                Student exchanges                                      number of UK exchange students are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              often stymied by lack of demand from
                                                                                                                                              The UK government has been very                          There is great enthusiasm in Indian                    UK students. Why are our students often
                                                                                                                                              supportive of educational links between                  HEIs for student exchange partnerships.                so reluctant to travel abroad?
                                                                                                                                              the British and Indian HE sectors and in                 There is strong demand for opportunities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not surprisingly, very few of the Indian
                                                                                                                                              2006 the former British Prime Minister                   to internationalise the student population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              institutions we visited had a student
                                                                                                                                              Tony Blair launched the UK India Education               and some of the visited institutions were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              exchange agreement with the UK.
                                                                                                                                              and Research Initiative (UKIERI).i The                   also very keen to recruit some students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              However, we saw some impressive
                                                                                                                                              Initiative committed £23 million, which                  from overseas. Student exchange
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              programmes in place with other countries:
                                                                                                                                              has been fully allocated, to support                     agreements have been proactively
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HR College exchanges students with a
                                                                                                                                              partnerships between UK and India,                       promoted and supported by the University
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Canadian partner; the Indian Institute
                                                                                                                                              with additional cash from the Indian                     Grants Commission (UGC). v
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai has
                                                                                                                                              Government and “corporate champions”
                                                                                                                                                                                                       The differential in living costs means it              agreements with USA, Switzerland,
                                                                                                                                              BAE Systems, GlaxoSmithKline and Shell.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       is very important to manage students’                  Germany, France, Singapore and Japan
                                                                                                                                              UKIERI has encouraged teaching
                                                                                                                                                                                                       expectations regarding exchange. Indian                and they are trying to set up some with
                                                                                                                                              partnerships, research cooperation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                       students are used to sharing rooms,                    the UK. An impressive student exchange
                                                                                                                                              student mobility programmes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       paying around 3,000 Rs (£40) per month                 programme is in place at the Indian
                                                                                                                                              Other significant initiatives are:                       and 100 Rs (£1.30) per meal in the                     Institute of Management (IIM)
                                                                                                                                                                                                       campus canteen. Even when fees are                     Bangalore, with 70 exchange students
                                                                                                                                              Afro Asian Higher Education Agency                       mutually waived, it is unlikely many Indian            hosted every academic year supported
                                                                                                                                              for Developmentii                                        students could afford the living costs in              by its international office. IIM Bangalore
                                                                                                                                                                                                       the UK. Agreements which seek to                       prides itself on its c100 exchange partners
                                                                                                                                              Promotion of Indian Higher                               address this cost differential by equating             to which they send about 40% of their
                                                                                                                                              Education Abroadiii                                      one Indian exchange student to a larger                students, a fact that will greatly contribute
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to their EQUIS accreditation.

Mumbai slum - po                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
                   verty is endemic
the better off tra                     in India and even                                                                                                                                                                                                      (TNAU) operates a global student
                  vel overseas is oft                    for
                                      en out of the quest
                                                          ion                                                                                                                                                                                                 exchange programme with Canada,
                                                                                                                                              Study India Programme                                                                                           USA, Singapore, Israel, South Africa,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        s institutions
                                                                                                                                              Affiliated colleges are not permitted to set up partnerships with oversea                                       Mexico, Japan and the UK- represented
                                                                                                                                              leading to degree awards; however     such colleges are imaginative and enthusiastic                            by the University of Reading. TNAU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   staff exchange.
                                                                                                                                              when it comes to more informal collaboration such as student and                                                offers an exciting opportunity to the
                                                                                                                                              The principal at HR   College Ms Shamira was a strong advocate of the Study India                               incoming students to carry out a rural
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the country.
                                                                                                                                              Programmeiv that encourages mobility to India rather than out of                                                agricultural research project in a local
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              village. The expertise and experience
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ty of Birmingham
                                                                                                                                              This UKIERI funded programme is delivered jointly by the Universi                                               gained through such exchange is
                                                                                                                                              and King’s College London  in partnership with the University of Delhi and HR                                   academically truly invaluable.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the University of
                                                                                                                                              College of Commerce and Economics (an affiliated college of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        weeks to gain
                                                                                                                                              Mumbai). It encourages students from the UK to visit India for three
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          y and
                                                                                                                                              experience of Indian culture, way of life, people, arts, politics, econom
                                                                                                                                              language which may open up opportunities for further study       in India. In summer
                                                                                                                                              2009, 200 participants from across the UK took part in the program

                                                                                                                             Indian econ
                                                                                                                 role in the
                                                                                                pay an important
                                                                         icultural un                                                         i
                                                                TNAU. Agr                                                                     ii                                                           v
  6                                                                                                                                           iii
        Partnerships between Indian and UK HE institutions

        Staff exchange                                         Research partnerships                                 A significant amount of the research                  There are a number of dual degrees set                  and three in Canada. The University              consortium spending time in India, UK,
                                                                                                                     carried out at TNAU is commercialised                 up in India that have never been officially             of Nova Scotia offers a very appealing           Canada, France, Japan and Korea where
        Indian universities clearly value academic             Research partnerships and staff exchange              and/or directly relevant to Indian                    accredited. However, when we asked a                    incentive, by arranging a work permit            each partner delivers a proportion of the
        faculty exchange. This mostly happens on               arrangements remain the most popular                  agriculture, to the extent that academics             major Indian employer, Infosys, if they                 for the Indian students.                         programme. The International Masters
        an ad hoc basis linked to specific research            and developed type of partnership                     even interact with individual growers.                would consider a candidate who                                                                           Programme in Practicing Management is
                                                                                                                                                                           graduated from a dual unaccredited                      We observed a clear trend towards                targeted at experienced and mature
        areas and personal relationships of the                arrangement. However, apart from the
                                                                                                                     Research partnerships are a pathway                   degree, they said that they would give the              in-country delivery or significant               managers and is co-delivered with a
        academic staff, however there was also                 UKIERI scheme, there has not been any
                                                                                                                     towards academic capacity building for the            candidate a chance. For employers, any                  scholarship support offered by an                British partner, Lancaster University
        interest in more structured and multi-tier             structured approach to research
                                                                                                                     Indian HE sector and a wider stimulus to              experience abroad indicates a more                      overseas partner. Exceptional cases that         Management School. The second
        collaborations which encompass teaching                partnerships. Most of the institutions we
                                                                                                                     joint PhD partnerships. The Indian                    rounded graduate with improved                          we encountered were two consortium               programme, the Advanced Masters
        partnerships as well as research.                      visited mentioned ad hoc research
                                                                                                                     Governmentvii is supporting joint research            communication skills.                                   programmes co-delivered by the                   Programme in Management of Global
                                                               partnerships, including some very
        One of the key subject areas for Mumbai                                                                      projects and funding is available where                                                                       prestigious IIM, Bangalore. These                Enterprises, is co-delivered with partners
                                                               successful ones. For example IIT Mumbai
        University (MU) is foreign languages                                                                         there is an enthusiastic UK research partner.         Fergusson College, a highly regarded                    programmes are charged at a premium              from Italy, USA and Hong Kong. This
                                                               has secured approximately $30 million
        (comprising about 90 languages). As a                                                                                                                              affiliated college of the University of Pune,           and have been running for a number of            Masters programme is charged at
                                                               from Monash University, BHP, the
        result of the need for native-speaking                 Australian Government and the                         Teaching partnerships                                 was keen to pursue a one year dual                      years. Students come from all over the           €20,000, a very different fee model from
        lecturers, MU has set up a Residence                                                                                                                               Masters degree in Economics. A favoured                 world and they rotate within the                 those described above.
                                                               Government Department of Science and
        Programme for overseas faculty with                                                                          Apart from UKIERI funded projects                     option was for validation by a UK partner
                                                               Technology in India. This funding will be
        financial support from local embassies and                                                                   teaching partnerships are quite rare due to           with delivery in Pune, leading to a single
                                                               used over a period of 5 years to carry out
        the UGC. The overseas faculty receive                                                                        the complex regulatory environment in                 award by a UK institution. The reason for
                                                               joint research and to set up a joint PhD
                                                                                                                     India. Such partnerships usually require              this preference was communicated very
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Key considerations
        rent-free accommodation and teach in                   programme. vi
        Mumbai from three to six months. The                                                                         accreditation from the All India Council for          clearly: local fees and local living costs.
                                                                                                                                                                           Even though dual degrees are very                                                                                              of partnership with
        MU faculty reciprocate with visits to the              Tamil Nadu Agricultural University                    Technical Education (AICTE), or from                                                                                                                      to develop a wide range
                                                                                                                     another regulatory body if the partnership            attractive, the cost for the students is still             Indian HE ins titutions are very keen                           nment does not suppor
        partner institutions.                                  (TNAU) has an impressive range of                                                                                                                                                                            es the regulatory enviro
                                                                                                                     has been agreed with a public institution.            very high when they have to spend some                     the UK HE   sector but in some cas
                                                               applied research centres benefiting from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ible and open-minded
        Staff exchange does not only imply                     research funding allocated by the Indian              Where there is a strong case and clear                time at the UK partner institution.                        such proposals – Be flex
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and mutual visits –
        academic staff. Senior staff at IIM,                   Government and also from the EU. We                   demand, it is possible to gain approval for                                                                                                                     h informal cooperation
                                                                                                                                                                           We learned about an unusual model of a                      The recommende     d strategy is to start wit
        Bangalore were very interested in                      experienced the climate change centre,                joint degree programme delivery leading to
        excellence in university administration and            biodiesel production, sustainable rice                a dual award, as in the case of Universities          1+1 masters degree delivered fully in                       Be patient
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  of what they
                                                                                                                                                                           India at Amrita University. Amrita is a                                                                        ar aims and objectives
        in staff exchange. There is scope for an               production, even wine making. The British             of Mumbai and Westminster (Box). Private                                                                                                  are advised to have cle
                                                                                                                                                                           private university, run by a charitable                     British HE institutions                              elopment –   Be thorough
        international CPD and staff exchange                   Meteorological Office is involved in a                institutions are more flexible and we saw                                                                                                     ke this a long-term dev
        programme and the AUA is interested in                                                                       some very interesting examples of these               foundation and has very good links with                     want to achieve and ma
                                                               climate change research project which                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ent
                                                                                                                                                                           the USA. Its Department of Indo-US                                                                                      the regulatory environm
        exploring this idea further. Such exchange                                                                   double degrees, with joint delivery and two                                                                                                           erstand all aspects of
                                                               models the impact of climate predictions
                                                                                                                                                                           University Initiatives provides an umbrella                  British HEIs will struggle to und                    on their partner’s advice and on
        would benefit both Indian and UK                       on local agriculture. Most research                   degree awards, at both undergraduate and                                                                                                    titutions will have to rely
                                                                                                                                                                           for all partnerships with the USix and is                    in India and British ins                    Do your research
        universities and could have many spin off              partnerships are with the US and they are             postgraduate level.                                                                                                                          British Council -
                                                                                                                                                                           lead by Mr P Manoj who came to India                         other sources e.g. the
        benefits that contribute to institutions’              very keen to explore more opportunities
        internationalisation strategies.                                                                                                                                   from Singapore with an impressive
                                                               with the British HE sector.
                                                                                                                                                                           international background. The programme
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A small class at Fe
                                                                                                                                                                           is delivered 50-50 with the State                                                                                                              rgusson College
                                                                                                                                                                           University of New York, initially for HP
                                                                                                                                                                           employees in India. The US academics
                                                                                                                                                                           travel to India and deliver their lectures
                                                                                                                                                                           through EduSat, an educational satellite
                                                                                                                                                                           device that connects Amrita’s campuses.

                                                                        Meeting Industry Ne                                                                                Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)
                                                                                                   eds Through Collabo
                                                                                                                             ration                                        has used its research links with Canada as
                                                                         A unique one year Ma                                                                              a basis for the development of double
                                                                                                sters of Science (MSc)
                                                                        has been developed by                              in Digital Compositing
                                                                                                  the University of Mumb                             and Visual Effects    degrees at both undergraduate and
                                                                        of Westminster.viii Why                               ai for joint delivery wit
                                                                                                 unique? The programm                                   h the University   postgraduate levels. Students benefit from
                                                                        booming Bollywood ind                                e was developed as a
                                                                                                 ustry in Mumbai and the                              result of the        a 30-50% fee discount over studying in
                                                                        a variety of careers wit                               need for specialists wh
                                                                                                 hin film, television, ani                               o could follow    Canada as well as a shortened period
                                                                       Traditionally MSc provis                            mation, advertising and
                                                                                                 ion in India is delivered                             gaming.             aboard. Masters degree students spend
                                                                       increasingly one year                                  via two year programm
                                                                                              Masters degrees and col                                   es, but            three semesters in Coimbatore, India and
                                                                       India are being develo                               laborative programmes
                                                                                               ped to minimise the cos                                 delivered in        two semesters at Cornell University, USA.
                                                                       months are delivered                                 ts for the students. In
                                                                                              by the Indian partner                                  this case six         The undergraduate collaboration is with
                                                                       Westminster’s Harrow                             and six months at the
                                                                                              campus.                                              University of           University of Nova Scotia in Canada with
                                                                                                                                                                           students spending six semesters in India

                                                gusson College, Pune
                        king lab projects at Fer                                                                                                                           viii
Masters students underta                                                                                                                                              

8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           9
                                                                                                                                     Access and outreach                              Outreach                                      Admissions criteria
     Student Experience and                                                                                                          Reservation quotas                               Some institutions recruit from a more local
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and tests
                                                                                                                                                                                      catchment and visit schools and develop       India operates a system of mass testing

     Widening Participation                                                                                                          India is a vast country with a rapidly
                                                                                                                                     growing economy where currently only
                                                                                                                                     10% of potential students enter higher
                                                                                                                                                                                      links with the community as part of their
                                                                                                                                                                                      wider mission. We visited Fergusson
                                                                                                                                                                                      College, an affiliated college of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    for university entrance, although some
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    universities will admit on the basis of high
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    school exam grades.
                                                                                                                                     education. There is a longstanding               University of Pune, which was established
                                                                                                                                     concern regarding access to education            125 years ago by the Deccan Educational       Institutions such as the IITs and IIMs admit
                                                                                                                                     from under-privileged groups, especially         Society with the purpose of “cheapening       students through a specific admissions test
                                                                                                                                     rural populations and people belonging to        and facilitating education”. It has had an    which is taken simultaneously at various
                                                                                                                                     the perceived “lower” castes. In India a         important role to play in generating the      centres across India. The ratio of
                                                                                                                                     certain number of places at each                 leadership capacity needed for the            applications to places for elite institutions
                                                                                                                                     university are allocated to students from        industrial regeneration of the newly self-    is high; for example, across the seven IITs
                                                                                                                                     specific backgrounds. These reservations,        governing nation and has educated two         in India 400,000 applications are received
                                                                                                                                     referred to as an institution’s reserved         Indian Prime Ministers. The Society is a      for just 4,500 places. Similarly at the IIM
                                                                                                                                     quota ensure that places are available to        powerful philanthropic force in Western       Bangalore just 1% of applicants are
                                                                                                                                     students from the various Scheduled              Maharashtra supporting a network of           accepted. The IITs use what is known as
                                                                                                                                     Castes/Tribes and Other Minorities. When         schools, colleges, technical institutes and   the JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) and the IIMs
                                                                                                                                     we visited the quota had recently been           autonomous institutes in the field of         the CAT (Common Admissions Test). These
                                                                                                                                     raised by the Federal Government from            management, law, agricultural education       admissions tests are just the first step in
                                                                                                                                     24% of places to 49%. HEIs are expected          and vocational training, using knowledge      the process with successful students being
                                                                                                                                     to fill nearly half of their places with         as a “potent instrument for national          invited to interview, and a final decision
                                                                                                                                     students from these groups and are not           regeneration”.                                made based also on high school marks and
                                                                                                                                     permitted to fill them with students from                                                      relevant experience. At both the IITs and
                                                                                                                                     other backgrounds, even if they struggle         Tuition fees                                  IIMs the tests are set in a similar way with
                                                                                                                                     to recruit from these categories.                                                              all institutions contributing questions to the
                                                                                                                                                                                      Fees at most HEIs are low compared to         nationwide paper.
                                                                                                                                     In spite of, or perhaps because of, the          the UK, and it is this low fee regime that
                                                                                                                                     strong political and financial pressure to       makes HE accessible to many Indians.          Institutions are alert to the pressure
                                                                                                                                     broaden access, we did not observe much          For example Mumbai University charges         on students to do well in these exams
                                                                                                                                     activity by HEIs to encourage applications       just 800 ruppes per annum for its             and the amount of ‘coaching’ that goes on,
                                                                                                                                     from students from under-represented             undergraduate programmes (about £10).         whereby students pay third parties to assist
                                                                                                                                     backgrounds, as we do in the UK in order         This sum sounds low and represents            them in preparing for the tests based on
                                                                                                                                     to widen participation. There is                 about one eighths of a month’s salary but     previous question papers. As a result, the
                                                                                                                                     considerably less emphasis than in the UK        might well be a significantly higher          emphasis of the papers has shifted in
                                                                                                                                     on outreach programmes, schools liaison          percentage of an Indian family’s              recent years in favour of testing a student’s
                                                                                                                                     activities or other widening participation       disposable income. The more elite             reasoning and analytic skills rather than
                                                                                                                         of Mumbai
                                                                                                           ue University             initiatives. Instead many universities, and      institutions such as the Indian               specifically their subject knowledge.
                                                                                           Library catalog
                                                                                                                                     the elite in particular, rely on the fact that   Institutes of Technology (IIT)
                                                                                                                                     they are heavily oversubscribed and receive      Bombay and the Indian Institute of            For reservation quota students the
                                                                                                                                     a sufficient number of applications to fill      Management (IIM) Bangalore can and            entrance requirements are lower than
                                                                                                                                     their reservation quotas. It is clear that       do charge more. For example, the              the standards expected for general
                                                                                                                                     the more prestigious institutions have a         executive programme at IIM Bangalore is       category students. We found this
                                                                                                                                     limited approach to outreach, but high           Rs 525,000 for the first year (£7000) and     surprising, but it is generally accepted
                                                                                                                                     demand and the quota system still ensures        Rs 575,000 for the second year. At state      in the Indian HE sector. Students admitted
                                                                                                                                     broad access.                                    universities, such as the University of       through the reservation system often
                                                                                                                                                                                      Mumbai, fees for reserved category            struggle with higher level study and a
                                                                                                                                                                                      students are claimed from the                 large proportion of them are therefore
                                                                                                                                                                                      Government. General category students         given extra time in which to complete
                                                                                                                                                                                      from households with low income levels        their degree; in one example from the HR
                                                                                                                                                                                      can apply for funding from the Special        College of Commerce and Economics,
                                                                                                                                                                                      Assistance Programme run by the UGC.          reservation students are given up to 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    years to complete what would ordinarily
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    be a 4 year Bachelor degree.

              Striking architect
                                ure at Indian Ins
                                                  titute of Manage
                                                                   ment (IIM) Bang
10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   11

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