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Criteria for IoT RFID-based Applications - RFID in Europe

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					                        Prague Conference – March 2011



Criteria for Applications and Services within
             the Internet of Things
             Prof Anthony Furness

            Technical Director, AIM UK

    The views expressed are those of the author and to be considered by the
  CASAGRAS2 (Coordination And Support Action for Global RFID-related Activities
                         and Standardisation) partners
                The Internet of Things


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that is now attracting
attention across the world; yet there is still fuzziness as to what
it means
Definitions often contain rhetoric that may well fuel enthusiasm
and dreams of what might be achieved, but sadly without
adequate consideration of the form and functionality for the
concept that prompted the prediction
Fuzziness is leading to disparate, islands of developments and
applications, characterised by different understanding of what
constitutes the IoT
While they may be successful in there own right the differing
foundations diminish the potential for a globally harmonised
networked infrastructure for ‘things’
Too important to important to be left to fragmented development
              The Internet of Things



Requires International Framework of Structure and
Governance based upon a clear statement of structure –
a structure that determines the nature of applications and
services that can be supported

Such a statement is must be based upon unequivocal
Imperatives -

 The existing and future Internet

 Interfacing with the Physical world objects
                                 The Internet of Things – Imperatives


             The Internet of Things is an integrated part of the Future Internet
             So lets step back and look a little more at the Internet as an
             electronic network of networks that packages application information
             into packets and transmits them over communications media
             between computers according to simple                protocols or rules.
                                    Email – Web - Instant             Internet Application, such as
Protocols for creating virtual                                        world wide web
                                    - SMTP – HTTP – IMAP
spaces of information
                                        - TCP – UDP -             Protocols for exchanging
Protocol (IPv4, IPV6) for routing                                 information between programs on
packets of information across the               IP                networked computers
Internet between IP addressed
computers & servers                   - Ethernet – PPP -        Protocols for delivering packets in
Protocols for encoding packets                                  local networks
onto communications media             - CSMA – async -
                                     - Wire – Fibre – Radio -        Physical communications media
                               The Internet of Things – Imperatives



       The Web – Application on the Internet
                              Link                                   Page
                                                                     Hyper Text Mark-up Language (HTML)
 Use URL (URI) Universal Resource                                    name with URL (URI) Universal
 Locator through Internet Service                                    Resource Locator to serve up page to
 Provider to link with web site through                              Internet as web page
 Internet

                                     Email – Web - Instant
                                     - SMTP – HTTP – IMAP

                                             - TCP – UDP -
Domain name server (DNS) look-up
for IP addresses                                    IP


                                          - Ethernet – PPP -
                                                                      Network access

                                          - CSMA – async -
                                          - Wire – Fibre – Radio -
                     The Internet of Things – Imperatives



Internet linkage exploiting the Internet protocol stack
                                         Servers and other computers, having
                                         IP addresses as functional
                                         constituents of the Internet

   Email – Web - Instant
   - SMTP – HTTP – IMAP

       - TCP – UDP -

               IP


     - Ethernet – PPP -
                                        End point , end-user computers,
     - CSMA – async -
                                        having IP addresses as functional
    - Wire – Fibre – Radio -            constituents of the Internet
                                    The Internet of Things – Imperatives


 Internet linkage exploiting the Internet protocol stack and
 interfacing / interaction with the physical world through
 object-connected technologies
                                                                  Servers and other computers, having
                                                                  IP addresses as functional
                                                                  constituents of the Internet



End point , end-user computers,
having IP addresses as functional
constituents of the Internet

                       Object-connected
                       entities without
                       embedded computers



                                         Interfacing with the physical world
                                         through object-connected devices
                                         and interfaces eg bar codes and bar
                                         code readers – part of the IoT
                      Extending the capabilities of the Internet
                      to serve the prospects for the Internet of
                      Things



 Prospects for layering Application Areas –
 accommodating legacy coding systems


                                                                                                       New Domains



                                        New layering prospects
                                        for the Internet to




                                                                                                             Internet of Services
                                                                                       Internet of Energy
                                                                 Internet of People
                                        support IoT




Resolver coding                                                                       New Types of Network

across the Internet
                     The Internet of Things – Internet and
                     Internet-independent prospects


                    Internet Independent                Internet Connected


                                         B                  A
       Object-connected                                     The Internet –
       entities without          Embedded
                                                            Endpoint
       embedded computers        prospective Endpoint
                                                            computers
                                 computers
            C
                                                         Object-connected
                                                         entities without
                           Private computer                           E
                                                         embedded computers
                           networks
                                 D

                                                        To what extent will Internet
Prospective Internet of Things is likely to embrace     endpoint computers embrace
A,B,C,D and E                                           embedded, prospective
and extend the ‘Edge’ Internet component                endpoint computers and
                                                        private networks?
Scope and a case for new domains?
Scope and a case for an additional network of
networks?
                            The Internet of Things – Imperatives – The
                            CASAGRAS Inclusive Model

                                         Further layers of Data Capture Technology
                                             Actuators
ID + Additional
Item-attendant              Interrogator /                Host Information
data                          Gate way                     Management                Wider area
                                device                         System                communications and
                                                                                     Networks

Sensory data                                 Actuators
carriers
                            Interrogator /                Host Information
                              Gate way                     Management
                                device                         System


 Networked data
 carriers                                     Actuators

                             Interrogator /                Host Information           Internet +
                            Gate way device                 Management
                                                                System


  Physical interface zone
                 The Internet of Things – The CASAGRAS
                 inclusive model


                Internet Independent                 Internet Connected


                                        B
     Object-connected                                    The Internet –
     entities without         Embedded
                                                         Endpoint
     embedded computers       prospective Endpoint
                                             A           computers
                              computers
         C
                                 D                   Object-connected
                                                     entities without
                     Private computer                             E
                                                     embedded computers
                     networks




CASAGRAS Inclusive                                   CASAGRAS Inclusive
Model – Internet                                     Model – Internet
independent                                          connected
                              CASAGRAS Inclusive Model –
                              Edge Technologies




                  ID + Additional                     Range of ID and data carrier types– from
                  Object-                             basic single ID read-only function to high
                  connected data                      volume data carrier and processing
                                                      capabilities
                                       Sensory data
                                       carriers
                                                      Range of ID, sensory and data carrier
                                                      types– from basic single sensing
Types of basic                                        devices to ‘first-touch’ modular sensor
data carriers                                         systems able to accommodate a range
                                                      of sensor devices


                                                      Range of ID and network-capable data
                                                      carrier types– from basic one-way
                   Networked data
                                                      communication devices to two-way
                   carriers
                                                      communication structures with sensing and
                                                      processing capabilities


          Physical interface zone – Object-connected ICT technologies
                      CASAGRAS Inclusive Model –
                      Edge Technologies


    Exploiting existing and evolving communications and
    mobility structures:
   Wireless platforms for sensor systems and mobility
   Personal, local, metropolitan and extended wireless networks




         PDA
                                       802.11a/b/g Wireless NIC




         Laptop PC




                                                                  802.11a/b/g Wireless PCI Adapter
                           DVI Cable
                                               PC



          LCD Panel
        CASAGRAS Inclusive Model –
        Edge Technologies



Service oriented architecture and the
applications’ space:
     Exploiting developments in service oriented
      architecture (SOA)
     Exploiting the capability of ‘Internet’ connectivity
      and reach in in services and applications, eg:
     Exploiting developments in object-
      connected ICT and opportunities for
      multiple identification and network supported
      functionality in business processes (Extended
      Process Functionality)
       CASAGRAS Inclusive Model –
       Edge Technologies

Exploiting developments in computing and network
ubiquity, particularly with respect to:
     Embedded processing and communication platforms
     Intelligent processing
     ‘Intelligent’ sensors and sensor networks
      Heterogeneous network integration




                                    Source: Nomura Research Institute, 2000.
                               The Internet of Things – Application Space




                                        Human-to-Object               Home Appliances
                      PC                                                                    Sensors
Exploiting                      TV       Communication
                                                                Vehicle
Object space                                                                    RFID tag
                    PDA                                                                              Camera
and
Ubiquitous        Human-to-Human                                                   Object-to-Object
                   Communication
                                     Networks & Evolving Internet                  Communication
networking
                                       Database, Web, application server
And seeking
                   Wearable                                                                    Home server,
the value            PC                                                                          gateway
propositions to                                                   Smart
                           Mobile      Human-to-Object            Card     Telematics,     Medical
make it                    Phone        Communication                      Navigation      Device
                                                                             Device
worthwhile


                     Humans                                                  Objects (Remote
                       with                                                  Monitoring and
                                       Ubiquitous Networking                   Information
                     Attached
                     Devices                                                     Devices)


                                                                                           Source: Chaesub Lee, ITU-T
                      Schematic presenting suggestions for support
                      functionality for IoT applications and services.

                                         Access to expert data / information,
                                         eg Evidence-based medicine and
                                         diagnostic services, Super-Navigator
                                         GPS-related services information,
                                         (Human-machine-machine - Human)
                                                                                         Internet-based
                                                                                         facilities
                                                        National / International survey data
                             Physical
                                                        gathering eg Financial /economic/
                             World
                                                        resources / energy usage (Human-
                             Object-
                                                        machine-machine - Human)
                             based
                             Systems                       Regional, National / International
                                                           sensory data gathering eg For
                                                           monitoring and protection of pooled
                                                           resources / flood defences – (machine-
                                                           machine - Human / Actuation)

                                                               Regional, National / International data
                                                               gathering eg For forecasting purposes –
   Cloud computing – Object-based data                         weather/ natural disaster prevention
   processing needs (Human / machine-                          (machine-machine-Human Activation)
   machine-Human)



                                                                   Remote data analysis, eg
Systems-defined automated software                                 automated analytical services for
downloads and up-dates for                                         industry, commerce and services
application and service systems eg.                                eg. Mastitis detection (Precision
Security support systems, surveillance                             livestock farming), (Human-
systems, transport management and                                  machine-machine - Human)
associated information, mobile phone-
based Aps – (machine-machine)
                   The Internet of Things – CASAGRAS
                   Inclusive Model – RFID Applications


Underground Assets in Smart Cities
Source – Trac-ID
                    The Internet of Things – CASAGRAS
                    Inclusive Model – RFID Applications


  City Assets Management
  Source – NIA – Korea – CASAGRAS1



                                                                < Water >
                                                                Pressure sensor



                                                                        < Sewage >
                                                                          sensors



                    conditions
                Road약 500m
                management
underground                          Management center
   facilities                        -Collecting and analyzing sensor data
management                           -Detecting leakages, fatigue, etc.
                                                                              < Road sensors >
                                     -Displaying road weather information
                The Internet of Things – CASAGRAS
                Inclusive Model – RFID Applications


Precision Agriculture
Source – NIA – Korea – CASAGRAS1

                sensor data




                               Sensor
                              Network

                               Collecting and
                                 analyzing




                                                 Management for
                                                optimal conditions
         This, and much, much more…
  Spanning the here and now and the future…
Underpinning Smart City and smart environmental
                developments…

           Thank you for your attention

                 www.iot-casagras.org

				
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