Reviewing the Functions of Each Part
CPU stands for central processing unit, and is also
known as the brains of the computer. The CPU
interprets and executes most of the commands and
functions of the computer. The faster your CPU is, the
faster your computer functions.
RAM stands for Random Access Memory, and is a
form of computer data storage. It can be used by
computer programs to perform necessary tasks. RAM
is a form of volatile memory storage.
CPU & RAM
The main circuit board in most computers. The
motherboard contains many of the important components
of the computer, and also provides connectors for other
pieces that can be attached to the computer.
The hard drive is the main component for memory storage.
The unique thing about the hard drive is that it can retain
the information stored on it when the computer is turned
off. This is known as non-volatile storage.
Motherboard & Hard drive
The graphics card is the piece of hardware
installed on a computer that is responsible for
rendering the image on the monitor or display
Cooling fans are used to cool down particular
parts of the computer while they are functioning.
Compute parts heat up when they work, and if
they get too hot they will cease to function,
Graphics Card & Cooling Fan
GUI is short for graphical user interface, and is the
thing that allows users to interact with a computer
system without typing specific, complicated
commands. It is the interface between the user and
computer on the screen’s display.
The bios is the basic input output system, and the
primary function of the bios is to load an operating
system, such as windows.
Graphical UI & Basic I/O System
Stands for universal serial bus, and is the form of
connection between various devices that interact
with the computer and perform specific
Stands for disk-operating-system, which refers to
a basic operating system used in most
Hyper text mark-up language, used in the
creation of web pages. Allows images and
objects to be embedded on a website.
USB, DOS & HTML
The monitor is the display screen of the
computer, and refers to the entire piece of
A unit used to measure the amount of data
stored on the computer. Refers to 1 million
A numerical label used for computers that is
assigned to devices participating in a computer
network. IP stands for Internet Protocol.
Monitor, Megabyte & IP Address