Cendant Nrt by EchoMovement

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Cendant Corporation:

 Real Estate Division
        Case Study

        Prepared by:

     Takefumi Kawahara
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                                   1. Company Overview

Company Description

       Founded in 1997, Cendant Corporation is a publicly held company that provides

real estate services, hospitality services, travel distribution services, and vehicle services

(“Cendant,” 2005). In Cendant’s Real Estate Services Division, there are Real Estate

Franchise Group, Real Estate Brokerage, Relocation, and Title and Settlement Services

(“Cendant,” 2005). Through its Real Estate Services Division, Cendant franchises and

operates real estate brokerage businesses. However, Cendant, itself, does not own or

operate real estate brokerage offices, and instead, Cendant “provides their franchisee

customers with services designed to increase their revenue and profitability” (Annual

Report, 1998, p.16). The franchise agreements give the franchisee the right to use the

Cendant name and real estate service marks in return for royalty payments on gross

commissions generated by the franchises (“Cendant,” 2005). Cendant also provides

home buyers with mortgages, and assists in employee relocation offers mortgage services

(“Cendant,” 2005). The relocation group offers a variety of services to relocate

employees, including the home sale and purchase assistance services, independent home

marketing support, and management of other personal moving affairs (“Cendant,” 2005).



Ranking

   In the real estate industry, Cendant is a leading company in many categories.

According to Cendant Corporation, 2005, and Dun & Bradstreet Inc., 2005, Cendant’s

Real Estate Division is;
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   •     The world’s largest franchisor

   •     The World’s largest operator of residential real estate brokerages;

   •     A leading commercial real estate brokerage system

   •     A leading settlement services company

   •     The largest number of employees (87,308 employees)



Management Structure

         Cendant Corporation includes real estate services, hospitality services, travel

distribution services, and vehicle services (“Cendant,” 2005). In addition, Cendant’s

Real Estate Services Division consists of four business units (“Cendant,” 2005). The

management structure and the business units with its subsidiaries are described in charts

below.



                       Cendant’s Organizational Chart

                                       Chief Executive
                                           Officer



                          Corporate
                       Executive Officers



          Board of Directors




    Real Estate                Hospitality             Travel             Vehicle Services
     Services                   Services             Distribution
                                                      Services
                                                                                   Cendant 4




                    Real Estate Services Business Units

               Real Estate Franchises          CENTURY 21®
                                               Coldwell Banker®
                                               Coldwell Banker
                                               Commercial®
                                               ERA®
                                               Southeby’s International
                                               Realty®
               Real Estate Brokerage           NRT

               Relocation                      Cendant Mobility®

               Title and Settlement Services Cendant Settlement Services




Chief Competitors

       The primary competitor for Cendant is Prudential Financial Inc. with “The

Prudential Insurance Company of America, one of the largest life insurance companies in

the U.S.” (“International Directory,” 2002 & “Prudential,” 2005). Prudential’s real estate

group also offers real estate and relocation services in U.S. and Canada, and unifies real

estate brokerage franchise and relocation service business (“Prudential,” 2005).



                                 2. Marketing Challenge

       In 1999, when Cendant realized that real estate industry was being revolutionized

dramatically by technology, it decided to accept its businesses to the Internet technology,

to maximize the opportunities in an information economy (Annual Report, 1999, p.7). In

addition, Cendant had been focusing on the acquisition of other companies to expand its

profits and market share before 1999, but Cendant shifted the strategy to concentrate on
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maximize the potential profits and growth of its internal existing businesses as with the

discovery of accounting fraud after the merger between Hospitality Franchise Systems,

Inc. (HFS) and Comp-U-Card International Inc. (CUC) in 1997 (Annual Report, 1998,

p.4). For the real estate division, the Convergence Strategy was employed to connect

online and off-line assets as well as the Value Circle Strategy to facilitate Real Estate

Franchise Group, Real Estate Brokerage, Relocation, and Title and Settlement Services,

and to accomplish cross-marketing in the business units (Annual Report, 1998, p.3).



                             3. Response to Market Challenge

Technologies employed

        In order to achieve the Convergence strategy and the Value Circle strategy in the

real estate division, “move.com” Web site was launched in 1999 for the foundation of

new Internet portal, based on “rentnet.com” Web site, which provided updated

apartment-rental listings that covered around two million units in the U.S. and some other

countries, focusing mainly on big rental properties although “single-unit owners can also

pay for listings on a week-by-week basis” (Annual Report, 1998, p.3 & Weber, 1997,

p.6).



Success Determination

        By the Convergence Strategy and the Value Circle Strategy, the real estate

division could link online to off-line assets such as “call service centers, mortgage

originators, relocation counselors and national network of affiliated brokers and agents”

(Annual Report, 2000, p.19). Moreover, the real estate division also succeeded in the
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cross-marketing by connecting "Phone In, Move In" telephone-based platform to "Log In,

Move In" online platform (Annual Report, 2000, p.19).



                                       4. Value Bubble

Attracting

       In 1999, Cendant launched the “move.com” to expand its business opportunities

although the “move.com” including apartment-locator “Rentnet.com” was acquired by

Homestore.com Inc. in 2001 (Annual Report, 2000, p.19). In order to succeed in the

online business, Cendant’s real estate franchisees needed to have “the capacity to upload

listings and photos directly to Web sites, automate their office and agent management

systems effectively, and send referrals to each other through the Internet” (Annual

Report, 1998, p.3). Cendant took advantage of online and off-line advertising and public

releases through its “Media Center” to attract existing and potential customers (Annual

Report, 1998, p.3).



Attract Technology



Engaging

       In order to build loyalty to the customer on the Web site, it was designed to

communicate their specific needs and wants. On the Web site, visitors could choose a

region or city, and also specify how large an apartment they wanted and how much rent

they were willing to pay through “shopping list” that enabled to track units that they were

interested in, and also enabled to calculate a cost-of-living for comparing different cities
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(Weber, 1997, p.6). The Web site also featured “360 View” that enabled to virtually

view selected apartments although an extra piece of software was needed to download to

make it work (Weber, 1997, p.6).



Engage Technology

       IFusion's ArrIve software was used to “alert people to listings that meet their

specific criteria,” and subscribers also could enjoy “3-D virtual walk-through” (Weber,

1997, p.6).



Retaining

       Cendant further deepened its relationship with the customer by encouraging

repeat visits. The content of the Web site was frequently updated. When negative

experiences occurred, Cendant could cover them both online and off-line.



Retain Technology

       Both online and off-line interactions are available, such as e-mail, phone, and Fax.



Learning

       Cendant is gathering customer data from site registrations and subscriptions.



Learn Technology



Relating
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Relate Technology



                           5. Discussion of Customerization

       Through Customerization, Cendant would be possible to develop its services

together with customers. For instance, Cendant would be able to improve its mortgage

services by learning the customer’s needs and wants. On the other hand, the customer

also would have benefits by receiving customized mortgage services based on its

preferences.



                                  6. Questions to Ask

   •   What was the technology used to transact smoothly online by the real estate

       division?

   •   What were the two types of strategies used to move online?

   •   What were the purposes of the two strategies?

   •   What technology did develop the ability to experience the products?
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                                        References

(n.d.). Retrieved Dec. 16, 2005, from

       http://www.cendant.com/media/trends_information/trends_information.cgi/Real+

       Estate+Services/308.

Cendant Annual Report 1998, 1999, 2000. (n.d.). Retrieved Dec. 16, 2005, from (n.d.).

       Retrieved Dec. 16, 2005, from

       http://www.cendant.com/media/trends_information/trends_information.cgi/Real+

       Estate+Services/308.

"Cendant Corporation" International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 44. St. James

       Press, 2002. Reproduced in Business and Company Resource Center. Farmington

       Hills, Mich.:Gale Group. 2005.

       http://galenet.galegroup.com.prxy6.ursus.maine.edu/servlet/BCRC I2501306794.

"Largest Real Estate Companies by Employees, 2004." Business Rankings, (annual), Dun

       & Bradstreet Inc., 2005, p. VI-187. Business Rankings Annual 2006. Thomson

       Gale, 2006. Reproduced in Business and Company Resource Center.

       Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group, June 2002.

       http://galenet.gale.com/servlet/BCRC/ Article: I2501249396

Weber, T. E. (1997). Wall Street Journal. (Eastern edition). , B.6- . Retrieved Dec 16,

       2005, from Proquest database.

								
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