Amnesty For Illegal Aliens

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					Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants

Definition of Amnesty: Amnesty for illegal immigrants is defined as the government’s pardon for
violating policies related to immigration or politics. The federal government forgives these
individuals for using false documentation (examples include social security numbers, identification
cards and driver’s license among other documents) to more easily get employment in the U.S. and
to be able to remain in the country. Amnesties allow illegal immigrants or undocumented aliens to
gain permanent residency in the United States

Immigration Amnesties in the United States: The first United States amnesty was in 1986, and
it allowed millions of illegal immigrants to receive a Green Card which could then lead to U.S.
citizenship in later years. Before this first amnesty was granted, the United States government had
only given amnesty on a case by case basis. In the cases where the government gave amnesty to
illegal immigrants, it was only done on a small scale. For a period of over 200 years this was how
the government granted amnesty, but in 1986 Congress introduced new immigration legislature.
They passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act or IRCA which gave approximately 2.8 million
illegal immigrants legal status in the United States. In addition, their immediate relatives or
dependents which included about 143,000 individuals also qualified for the same status. The result
of the amnesty introduced by Congress was that illegal immigration grew in significant numbers.

When the Immigration Reform and Control Act was passed, it was only meant to be a “one time”
amnesty but it actually turned out to be the beginning of many amnesties that would follow. To date
there have been additional amnesties that have been granted to illegal immigrants which include:

    1.   Immigration and Reform Control Act (IRCA), 1986: A blanket amnesty for some 2.7 million
         illegal aliens.
    2.   Section 245(i) Amnesty, 1994: A temporary rolling amnesty for 578,000 illegal aliens.
    3.   Section 245(i) Extension Amnesty, 1997: An extension of the rolling amnesty created in
         1994.
    4.   Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) Amnesty, 1997: An
         amnesty for close to one million illegal aliens from Central America.
    5.   Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act Amnesty (HRIFA), 1998: An amnesty for 125,000
         illegal aliens from Haiti.
    6.   Late Amnesty, 2000: An amnesty for some illegal aliens who claim they should have been
         amnestied under the 1986 IRCA amnesty, an estimated 400,000 illegal aliens.
    7.   LIFE Act Amnesty, 2000: A reinstatement of the rolling Section 245(i) amnesty, an
         estimated 900,000 illegal aliens
    8.   The are currently several bills in the United States congress that could possibly create the
         8th Amnesty.

Each amnesty has been on a different scale, some granting amnesty to as little as 125,000 illegal
immigrants while others have granted amnesty to almost 1 million illegal immigrants. Currently
there are plans to introduce another amnesty to the approximate 12 million illegal immigrants that
reside in the United States. Critics claim that immigration amnesties entice an even greater number
of illegal migrants, since they hope for another amnesty which can grant them permanent resident
status in the United States.

				
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posted:11/3/2009
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