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Chemistry Research Paper

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					CHEMISTRY RESEARCH PAPER GUIDELINES                                             2008/2009


RESEARCH ARTICLES:                               (Due October 9th or 10th – BLOCK DAY)

  1.   ARTICLES:
       a. During our class visit to the computer lab (10/8) or as HW that night, each person
          in your group must find an article or other source that addresses an important
          question about your topic.
       b. Bring to class TWO (2) COPIES of each article with ANNOTATED
          CITATION (see below).

  2.   SOURCES:
       a. You must have at least one source per group member in addition to the article
          provided in class. Wikipedia may not be used as a source.
       b. You may only use sources where an author and a date of publication can be
          identified.
       c. Be sure to consider whether the source is qualified & reliable -- or is it the work
          of another student who is also still learning basic principles and may not be
          correct?

  3.   ANNOTATED CITATION
       a. Attach an annotated citation to your article. The “annotation” describes in 1-3
          sentences the main ideas found in the article and how you could use that
          information in your research paper.
       b. You must follow MLA guidelines for your citation. (Using www.easybib.com to
          create citations is highly recommended.)


RESEARCH PAPER GUIDELINES:                       (Due MONDAY, November 10th)

  1.   Write a maximum 2 page, typed, double-spaced research paper focusing on your
       group’s topic. (1 paper per group)

  2.   DO NOT yet focus on designing an experiment – use this paper to learn about your
       topic and create a summary of these concepts.

  3.   At a minimum, your paper should include the answers to the questions for your topic
       provided on the list below. (At least one question per student.) Make sure that your
       answers include:
       a. Descriptions of key concepts and terms
       b. Chemical formulas and reactions related to your topic
       c. Applications

  4.   Everything in the paper must be directly related to the topic. Other pieces of
       information are encouraged and may be included if only they are directly related to
       topic. All questions must be addressed concisely – papers that go off topic will lose
       points.

  5.   Papers should include an annotated works cited list composed of the annotated
       citations created for each article.
CHEMISTRY RESEARCH TOPICS & QUESTIONS                                                    2008/2009

A. Factors affecting chemoluminescence of luminal reactions
What is chemoluminescence?
Describe reactions with luminal.
Where do we find chemoluminescence naturally?
What factors are known to increase time and/or intensity of light produced?

B. The effectiveness of cleaning compounds
How are soaps and detergents made?
What are the chemical structures for soaps and detergents?
What is polarity?
How is polarity used to explain how soaps and detergents clean?
How is polarity measured?

C. The effectiveness of shampoo and condition on hair strength
What are the chemical structures for the active ingredients in shampoo?
What is polarity?
How is polarity used to explain how shampoos clean?
What is the structure of hair?
How do shampoos destroy or protect hair structure?

D. Resistance of eggshells to acids vs. fluoride concentration
What is the chemical composition of teeth (same as eggshells)?
How is chemical composition of eggshells similar to teeth? HINT: Chemical formulas are very important
What is the affect of fluoride on the chemical composition of teeth?
How do acids destroy the tooth’s chemical structure?

E. Factors affecting Vitamin C content in food
What is vitamin C?
What chemical reaction is used to detect Vitamin C?
What factors degrade Vitamin C?
How do we measure the amount of Vitamin C present in a substance?
How is Vitamin C used in the human body?

F. The effectiveness of antacids on stomach acid
What is an antacid?
What are the chemical formulas for antacids?
What are the chemical equations for the reactions that occur when antacids react with acid?
What is pH and what does it measure?
What is the acid in the stomach and what is its pH?

G. The effect of concentration of solutes on freezing point
What is freezing point depression and how is it calculated?
What is molality and how is it used to calculate freezing point depression.
How does the number of ions in a salt affect freezing point depression?
What are some practical applications of freezing point depression?

H. The effect of enzymes on gelatin formation
What is gelatin?
Chemically, what happens to gelatin when it is mixed with water and forms a gel?
What kinds of enzymes affect gel formation in gelatin and what food products contain those enzymes?
What factors besides enzymes affect gel formation in gelatin?
                        Sample “Annotated Works Cited” List



Bingham, Christie. "Eric Lesson Plan on the Internet." ASKERIC Lesson Plans. 10 Apr. 1996. 9

       Nov. 2007 <www.ericir.syr.edu:/70/00/Lesson/subject/LanguageArts/ceclang.15>. This

       source outlines a lesson plan appropriate for elementary students using popcorn. The

       lesson includes writing, math and science components and can be completed in one day.

"Detergent and Soap." The World Book Encyclopedia. 1991. Article describes the basic

       concepts behind the function of detergents and soaps. Sections include "How detergents

       and soap work" as well as "How soap is made". Basic concepts are described, but no

       formulas or specific reactions are included.

Jones, Susan, and Jennifer Smith. "Yeast Cell Growth." Canadian Journal of Biology 17 (2006).

       EBSCO. San Jose State University, San Jose. 9 Nov. 2007. Keyword: yeast. This article

       discusses the basic requirements for healthy yeast growth. Factors that limit the growth

       of yeast are also considered. Article includes a description a results from an experiment

       that investigates the growth of yeast in various temperatures.

McMillan, Victoria E. Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences. 2nd ed. New York: Bedford/St.

       Martin_ 1997. 2-10. Provides structure, guidance and examples of various types of

       research papers for biological sciences.



NOTE: The 2nd and 3rd sources in this list are not real – merely created to demonstrate
how to created an annotated works list.




Sample Annotated Bibliography created at www.easybib.com.