Writing a Research Paper in Biology Choosing a topic It should : be interesting to you Not so brad that it is unmanageable Not so narrow that you can’t find enough information on it Not so difficult you can’t understand it. Deciding on a title Should be specific and informative Should be concise Cut any words that do not serve an important function in describing the contents Working with literature Use peer reviewed paper in order to better support what you are writing about. Research papers in scientific journals, conference proceedings are good resources. Start research with scientific encyclopedia, textbooks, lab manuals, and articles in magazines for lay readers in order to familiarize yourself with the topic. If articles are not available at school request interlibrary loans Presenting your material Sketch out a rough plan or make and outline. Include an Abstract, if appropriate. An abstract is just a summary on the main focus of your paper. Introduce the subject, explain your rationale, and state your central question, objectives, or thesis. Build a focused discussion Document your paper thoroughly Use quoted material sparingly End with general conclusions Checklist for papers Title -is your title specific and informative? -Does it contain relevant keywords? Abstract -Does your abstract state the aims and scope of your paper? -Does it summarize major research on your topic? -is your Abstract concise? Introduction -Does your introduction present the scientific issue and give a rationale for your review? -Do you state the paper’s central question or objectives? Body of the paper -Do you synthesize and interpret the literature, rather than merely summarize? -Are your paragraphs will organized, developing main points by means of details and specific examples? -Do you rely on your own wording, using quotations rarely if at all? -Have you cited all important sources? Conclusion -Is your conclusion section mare than just a summary? -Do you discuss controversies in literature, the need for new research, and broader implications of your topic? Acknowledgments -Have you thanked all those who helped with the research or writing of the paper? References/Literature Cited -Are all sources cited in the paper also listed in your references? -Does your references section contain any sources not cited in the paper? References Mcmillan V. E.(2006) Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences. 4th ed. New York: Bedford/St.Martin’s.