Connecticut Laws by He Is Legend


									             NRA / ILA
Firearms Laws for
              Connecticut            May 2008                                                        Compiled by:
                                                                                          NRA-Institute for Legislative Action
                                                                                              11250 Waples Mill Road
            A synopsis of stAte lAws on purchAse,                                             Fairfax, Virginia 22030
                                                                                                  (800) 392-8683
            possession And cArrying of fireArms.                                         
            QUICK REFERENCE CHART                             may lawfully possess a handgun under state and federal
                                                              law, and has successfully completed an approved
                         Rifles and                           handgun safety or training course. The applicant must be
                         Shotguns          Handguns           fingerprinted and pay all appropriate fees. The certificate
Permit to Purchase          No*                Yes            is valid for 5 years. The Commissioner of Public Safety
Registration of Firearms Yes**                 No             must be notified within 2 business days of an address
Licensing of Owners          No                No             change.
Permit to Carry              No                Yes                A certificate of eligibility for a handgun does not
*2-week waiting period                                        authorize an individual to carry a pistol or revolver.
**“Assault Weapons”                                               It is unlawful to sell or transfer a handgun to any
                                                              person who is forbidden to possess a firearm under state or
STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION                                federal law, or to a person under 21. However, a handgun
                                                              may be temporarily transferred to a person under 21
“Every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself for target shooting under the immediate supervision of
and the state.” Article 1, Section 15.                        a person eligible to possess a handgun and such use is
                                                              otherwise permitted by law.
PURCHASE                                                          No person, firm or corporation shall sell, deliver or
                                                              otherwise transfer any pistol or revolver at retail unless
     No state permit is required for the purchase of rifles such pistol or revolver is equipped with a reusable trigger
or shotguns. No sale or delivery of a rifle or shotgun lock, gun lock or gun locking device.
can be made until the expiration of two weeks from the            No person, firm, or corporation shall sell, deliver, or
date of application for purchase. The waiting period otherwise transfer any type of firearm at a gun show until
does not apply to law enforcement officers, active duty the seller has contacted the Connecticut State Police and
military personnel, holders of a valid state permit to carry requests a background check and receives an authorization
a handgun, holders of a valid hunting license or antique number from the Commissioner of the Connecticut State
firearms.                                                     Police.
     A permit to carry a handgun, a permit to sell
handguns, or a handgun eligibility certificate is required POSSESSION
to purchase a pistol or revolver. Any person, firm or
corporation who sells or otherwise transfers a handgun            No state permit is required for the possession of rifles,
must contact the Connecticut State Police to verify the shotguns or handguns.
validity of the permit to carry handguns or the handgun           A person must be twenty-one years of age to possess a
eligibility certificate. All firearms sellers are required to handgun.
retain records of firearms sales for a minimum of five            It is unlawful to possess a handgun by a person who
years.                                                        has been convicted of a felony; convicted as a delinquent
     Any person who is twenty-one years of age or older of a serious juvenile offense which includes illegal
may apply to the Commissioner of Public Safety for possession of a controlled substance, negligent homicide,
an eligibility certificate for a pistol or revolver. The third degree assault, first degree reckless endangerment,
Commissioner must issue this certificate if the applicant second degree unlawful restraint, rioting, or second degree
stalking; discharged from custody within the preceding 20              permits)
years after acquittal by reason of mental disease or defect;        •	 Has not been convicted of a felony or a violation
confined by court order for mental illness within the                  of;
preceding 12 months; subject to a restraining or protective                • Criminal possession of a narcotic
order involving physical force; or an illegal alien. It is                      substance;
unlawful to possess any other firearm by a person who has                  • Criminally negligent homicide;
been convicted of a felony.                                                • Assault in the third degree;
                                                                           • Reckless endangerment in the first
CARRYING                                                                        degree;
     A permit to carry a pistol or revolver is required to                 • Unlawful restraint in the second degree;
carry a handgun on or about one’s person, either openly                    • Riot in the first degree;
or concealed, or in a vehicle. However, the Connecticut                    • Stalking in the second degree;
Board of Firearms Permit Examiners (which reviews                   • Has not been convicted as a delinquent for the
denials and revocations of permits) cautions that “every               commission of a serious juvenile offense;
effort should be made to ensure that no gun is exposed              •	 Has not been discharged from custody within the
to view or carried in a manner that would tend to alarm                preceding twenty years after having been found
people who see it.”                                                    not guilty of a crime by reason of mental disease
     A permit to carry is required to carry a handgun                  or defect;
outside one’s home (even though one may still be on his             •	 Is not subject to a restraining or protective order
own property) or in any place of business in which one is              issued by a court in a case involving the use,
merely an employee, not an owner or operator. A permit                 attempted use or threatened use of physical force
is also required to transport a handgun back and forth                 against another person;
between one’s home and place of business, or to and from            •	 Is not subject to a firearms seizure order issued for
a range for target shooting.                                           posing a risk of personal injury to self or others
	 In order to receive a state permit to Carry Pistol and               after a hearing; or
Revolvers, a local permit must be obtained first. Out-of-           •	 Is not prohibited from possessing a firearm for
state residents may apply for a non-resident Connecticut               having been adjudicated as a mentally incompetent
State Pistol Permit, and apply directly to the Connecticut             under federal law.
State Police.
     The application paperwork may be obtained from                  The application for the local permit (temporary
a local police department, city or town hall or first           pistol permit) is $35.00. The application fee dor the
selectman’s office in the case of a local permit, or any        state permit is $35.00 plus sufficient funds as required
state police barracks in the case of a state pistol permit.     to cover the cost of a National Criminal History Records
An applicant is required to complete a handgun safety           Check. The issuing authority has eight weeks to inform
course prior to submitting the application. An applicant        the applicant whether his or her application has been
must also submit to a background investigation, criminal        approved or denied. An eligibility certificate or permit
history check and submit photographs in connection with         to carry revocation or refusal to issue or renew may be
the application.                                                appealed within 90 days to the Board of Firearm Permit
     An applicant may be issued a concealed carry license       Examiners, State Armory, 505 Hudson Street, 5th Floor,
if the local licensing authority finds that the applicant:      Hartford, CT 06106. No fee is charged for this review.
     •	 Is twenty-one years of age;                             The Board will overturn a revocation or refusal to issue
     •	 Is a legal resident of the United States; (Applicants   if “just and proper cause” is found. Either the applicant
         must provide proof of citizenship, such as a birth     or the issuing authority may appeal any decision of the
         certificate, voters' registration card or a U.S.       Board to the courts
         passport. Legal Alien Residents must provide                A statewide permit to carry is valid (unless revoked for
         Alien Registration numbers and 90-day proof of         cause) for five years. The renewal fee for a carry permit
         residency. Naturalized citizens require proof of       shall be $35.00.
         citizenship)                                                A permit to carry may be revoked for cause if the
     •	 Has a residence or business in the jurisdiction in      issuing authority determines that the permit holder is
         which they are applying;                               no longer a suitable person to carry a handgun having
     •	 Intends to use the handgun for only lawful              been convicted of a felony or specified misdemeanor or
         purposes;                                              upon the occurrence of an event that would disqualify the
     •	 Is a "suitable person" to receive a permit; (The        holder from being issued a license.
         suitability clause applies both to the issuance             No permit to carry is required:
         of new permits and the revocation of existing               •	 If the person transporting is a peace officer;
    •	 While in one’s own home or place of business;            a police department or the department of public safety,
    •	 While transporting a handgun from the place of           or by bequest or intestate succession. Any person who
       purchase to one’s residence or place of business         obtains title to an assault weapon for which a certificate
       if it is contained in the package in which it was        of possession has been issued by bequest or intestate
       originally wrapped at the time of sale;                  succession shall, within 90 days of obtaining title,
    •	 While moving one’s residence from one place to           apply to the department of public safety for a certificate
       another;                                                 of possession, render the weapon inoperable, sell the
    •	 While transporting a handgun from his residence          weapon to a licensed gun dealer, or remove the weapon
       or place of business to a place of repair and back;      from the state. Any person who moves into the state in
    •	 To transport an antique handgun.                         lawful possession of an assault weapon shall, within 90
                                                                days, either render it permanently inoperable, sell it to a
    It is unlawful to possess a firearm on public or private    licensed gun dealer, or remove it from the state.
elementary or secondary school property. This prohibition            A person who has been issued a certificate of
shall not apply to a person with a firearm carrying permit,     possession of an assault weapon may possess it only under
with permission from school officials, or while traversing      the following conditions:
school property with an unloaded firearm for the purpose             •	 At the person’s residence, place of business or
of gaining access to lands open to hunting or for other                  other property owned by that person, or on
lawful purposes, provided entry is not prohibited by                     property owned by another with the owner’s
school officials.                                                        express permission;
                                                                     •	 While on the premises of a target range of a public
NON-RESIDENTS                                                            or private club or organization organized for the
    A non-resident of Connecticut may obtain a permit                    purpose of practicing shooting at targets;
to carry a pistol or revolver by contacting the Connecticut          •	 While on a target range which holds a regulatory
State Police Special License and Firearm Unit.                           or business license for the purpose of practicing
    A non-resident may carry a handgun in or through                     shooting at that target range;
Connecticut without a permit for the purpose of taking               •	 While on the premises of a licensed shooting
part in a competition; for the purpose of repairing such                 club;
pistol or revolver; to attend formal pistol or revolver              •	 While attending any exhibition, display or
training or to attend a meeting or an exhibition of an                   educational project which is about firearms and
organized collectors group provided he is a resident of the              which is sponsored by, conducted under the
U .S. and has a valid permit to carry a pistol or revolver in            auspices of, or approved by a law enforcement
the state or subdivision of the U.S. in which such person                agency or a nationally or state recognized entity
resides.                                                                 that fosters proficiency in, or promotes education
                                                                         about, firearms; or
ANTIQUES AND REPLICAS                                                •	 While transporting the assault weapon between any
                                                                         of the places mentioned above, or to any licensed
    An antique firearm is defined as “any firearm which                  gun dealer, for servicing or repair, provided the
was manufactured in or before 1898 and any replica of                    assault weapon is unloaded, kept in the trunk of
such firearm provided such replica is not designed or                    such vehicle or in a case or other container which
redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire                  is inaccessible to the operator of or any passenger
fixed ammunition except rimfire or conventional centerfire               in such vehicle.
ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the                    The theft of a lawfully possessed assault weapon must
United States and not readily available in the ordinary         be reported to the police within 72 hours of discovery.
channel of commercial trade.”                                        “Assault Weapon” are defined as:: Any selective-fire
                                                                firearm capable of fully automatic, semiautomatic or
“ASSAULT WEAPONS”                                               burst fire at the option of the user or any of the following
    No person shall possess any “assault weapon” unless         specified semiautomatic firearms: Algimec Agmi; Armalite
that person possessed that firearm before October               AR-180; Australian Automatic Arms SAP Pistol; Auto
1, 1993 and received a certificate of possession from           Ordnance Thompson type; Avtomat Kalashnikov AK-
the Connecticut State Police prior to July 1994. The            47 type; Barrett Light-Fifty model 82A1; Beretta AR 70;
commissioner of public safety shall maintain a file of all      Bushmaster Auto Rifle and Auto Pistol; Calico models
certificates of transfer at the central office.                 M-900, M-950 and 100-P; Chartered Industries of
    No assault weapon may be sold or transferred to             Singapore SR-88;Colt AR-15 and Sporter; Daewoo K-1,
any person other than to a licensed gun dealer, or any          K-2, Max-1 and Max-2; Encom MK-IV, MP-9 and MP-
individual who arranged in advance to relinquish it to          45; Fabrique Nationale FN/FAL, FN/LAR, or RN/FNC;
FAMAS MAS 223; Feather AT-9 and Mini-AT; Federal                     not less than 5 years nor more than 10 years.
XC-900 and XC-450; Franchi SPAS-12 and LAW-12;
Galil AR and ARM; Goncz High-Tech Carbine and High                   MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Tech Long Pistol; Heckler & Koch HK-91, HK-93, HK-
94 and SP89; Holmes MP-83; MAC-10, MAC-11 and                             A person must report the loss or theft of any firearm
MAC-11 Carbine type; Intratec TEC-9 and Scorpion;                    to the local police department within 72 hours of when
Iver Johnson Enforcer model 3000; Ruger Mini-14/5F                   such person discovered or should have discovered the loss
folding stock model only; Scarab Skorpion; SIG 57 AMT                or theft. Any person who fails to make the required report
and 500 series; Spectre Auto Carbine and Auto Pistol;                within the required time period shall commit an infraction
Springfield Armory BM-59. SAR-48 and G-3: Sterling                   and be fined not more than $90.00 for a first offense and
MK-6 and MK-7; Steyr AUG; Street Sweeper and Striker                 be guilty of a class D felony for any subsequent offense. A
12 revolving cylinder shotguns; USAS-12; UZI Carbine,                person who violates this law for the first offense does not
Mini-Carbine and Pistol; Weaver Arms Nighthawk;                      lose a person’s right to hold or obtain any firearm permit.
Wilkinson “Linda” Pistol; or a part or combination of parts               Loaded shotguns and rifles may not be carried in a
designed or intended to convert a firearm into an assault            vehicle or snowmobile. Muzzle-loading rifles and muzzle-
weapon that may be rapidly assembled if those parts are              loading shotguns are regarded as “unloaded” even though
in the possession or under the control of the same person.           a charge may be in the bore, provided there is no powder
The term “assault weapon” does not include any firearm               in the flash pan or percussion cap on the nipple.
modified to render it permanently inoperable.                             It is unlawful for any person to transport a BB gun
                                                                     unless it is stored in the trunk of the vehicle or other
MACHINE GUNS                                                         locked container.
                                                                          It is unlawful to alter, remove, deface, or obliterate the
    It is lawful to possess a machine gun in compliance              name of any maker or model or maker’s number or other
with federal law, provided annual registration takes place           mark of identification on any firearm. The possession
with the state police.                                               of any firearm with its numbers or other marks altered
    A machine gun is any weapon designed or readily                  creates a legal presumption that the possessor committed
restored to shoot automatically more than one projectile,            the offense.
without manual reloading, by a single function of the                     Any person convicted of carrying a firearm without
trigger. It also includes parts designed to convert a weapon         a permit shall be fined not more than $1,000.00 or
into a machine gun.                                                  imprisoned for less than 1 year or both, noting that
    Each machine gun shall be registered in the office of            absent mitigating cirucumstances, the sentence may not
the commissioner of public safety within 24 hours after              be suspended or reduced by the Court.
acquisition and, thereafter, annually on July 1.                          No person shall keep or store any loaded firearm on
    A presumption of possession for an offensive or                  any premises under his control if he knows or reasonably
aggressive purpose is raised:                                        should know that a person under 16 is likely to gain access
    •	 By failure to register a machine gun of a type                without a parent’s or guardian’s permission, unless it is in
         required to be registered (see above);                      a location which a reasonable person would believe to be
    •	 By possession at a place other than the possessor’s           secured, is carried on the person or within close proximity,
         home, land or place of business;                            or is in a locked container.
    •	 When empty or loaded cartridges which have                         It is unlawful to distribute, transport or import, keep
         been or are susceptible for use in the machine gun          or offer for sale, or possess an “assault weapon” except as
         are found in the immediate vicinity thereof; or             provided.
    •	 When in the possession of, or used by unnaturalized
         foreign-born persons or person convicted of Sources: General Statutes of Connecticut, Title 29
         crimes of violence.                                 and Title 53, §202, §205, §217.
    Possession of a machine gun for an “aggressive or
offensive purpose” is prohibited, and is punishable by a
fine of not more than $1,000.00 and imprisonment of

  CAUTION: Firearm laws are subject to frequent change and court interpretation. This summary is not intended as legal advice or
  restatement of law. This summary does not include federal or local laws, ordinances or regulations. For any particular situation, a
  licensed local attorney must be consulted for an accurate interpretation. YOU MUST ABIDE WITH ALL LAWS: STATE, FEDERAL
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