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Alexander The Greats Greatest Battles


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									Alexander The Greats Greatest Battles

He was born at Pella in Macedonia in 356, the son of Philip II and
Olympias (daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus). He was taught by
Aristotle, who inspired him with an interest in philosophy, medicine, and
scientific investigation; later he was advance beyond his teacher's
narrow precept that non-Greeks should be treated as slaves. Alexanderonly
16 years old was Left in charge of Macedonia in 340 during Philip's
attack on Byzantium, Alexander defeated the Maedi, a Thracian people;
couple years later he commanded the left wing at the Battle of Chaeronea,
in which Philip defeated the allied Greek states, and displayed personal
courage in breaking the Sacred Band of Thebes. Philip divorced Olympias a
yearlater ; Alexander and his mother fled to Epirus to celebrate his
father's new marriage, , and Alexander later went to Illyria. Shortly
afterward, father and son were reconciled and Alexander returned; but his
position was jeopardized. On Philip's assassination in 336, Alexander was
acclaimed by the army, succeeded without opposition. Quickly executed the
princes of Lyncestis, alleged to be behind Philip's murder, along with
all possible rivals. Philip’s death caused series of rebellions among the
conquered nations and the Illyrians, Thracians, and Greeks saw a chance
for independence. He marched south and assembly of the Greek League at
Corinth for the forthcoming invasion of Asia, already planned and
initiated by his father. In his return to Macedonia by way of Delphi
(where the Pythian priestess acclaimed him “invincible”), In spring of
335 he advanced into Thrace and, after forcing the Shipka Pass and
crushing the Triballi, crossed the Danube to disperse the Getae; turning
west, he then defeated a coalition of Illyrians who had invaded
Macedonia. Alexander marched to Thebes. When the Thebans refused to
surrender, he made an entry and razed their city to the ground, sparing
only temples and Pindar's house; 6,000 were killed and all survivors sold
into slavery. The other Greek states were cowed by this severity and
quickly rethought their quest for freedom and Greece remained under
Mancedonia control. lAPA style Alexander the Great. (2010). Retrieved 07:49, Aug 29 2010 from
Alexander Greatest battles
Battle of Granicus
Alexander start his war against the Persians in the spring of 334 BC .The
battle between Macedonian king Alexander the Great and armies of the
Persian Empire at the Granicus River in Asia Minor. When he was met at
the granicus by rivers by an army of Persian soldiers army and Greek
hoplites. The Persian force stationed itself at the top of the bank on
the opposite side of the river. The Persian plan was to concentrate the
attacks hoping the Alexander might get killed but Alexander led
successful charge across the river and routed them. Alexander only loss
110 soldiers. After the battle of Granicus, all the states of Asia Minor
submitted to Alexander the Great.
Battle of Issus
The engagement fought in 333 BC between the Macedonian King Alexander the
Great and Persian King Darius III during Alexander’s conquest of the
Persian Empire. After invading the northern Syria, Alexander left his
wounded soldiers in a camp in the city of Issus, and the remainder of his
army move southward in search of Darius’s armies. While Darius moved his
army north. In the Syrian mountains, the two armies passed each other.
Darius discovered Alexander’s camp at Issus and massacred the wounded
Macedonian soldiers. After Alexander found himself cut off from
communication with the north, he returned Issus and defeated Darius’s
army. Darius fled to Babylonia, leaving Syria, Palestine, and Egypt open
for conquest by Alexander.
TheBattle of Tyre
Storming defiant Tyre, Macedonian warriors charged through a breach in
the inland-cities high walls in July, 332 B.C. seven months earlier, Tyre
looked impregnable. Alexander used ships collected from other Phoenician
cities, alexander engineers mounted siege machines-catapults and iron-
headed battering rams. Alexander ships pounded the walls until a weak
spot collapsed. The Macedonians reached shore and dropped a long
gangplank to carry them over the rubble aftera rain of burning arrows by
a hide tent,. After desperate hand to hand combat, Tyre fell and
Alexander closed this main base of the Persian fleet, winning control of
the eastern Mediterranean after the longest battle of his life. They
massacred 8,000 Tyrians and sold 30,000 into slavery.
Battle at Gaugamela
Alexander the great and the Persian monarch Darias III , armies fought in
331 BC. Alexander, with 40,000 infantry and 7000 cavalry, invaded Persia
from Egypt. The Persian army assembled in guagamela (what is now
Iraq)about 250, ooo men . Alexander attacked the Persian left flank then
broke through their center. Darius fled and the Persians retreated. The
Persians lost tens of thousands of men in the battle, and the
Macedonian’s lost fewer than 500. The Persians defeat opened the east to
the Macedonians.
Battle of the river Hyphasis
. Alexander even subdued an In the spring of 327 BC, Alexander and his
army marched into India invading Punjab as far as the river Hyphasis
(modern Beas). The Macedonians rebelled and refused to go farther. The
greatest battle of Alexander's in India was against Porus, one of the
most powerful Indian leaders, at the river Hydaspes. On July 326 BC,
Alexander's army crossed the heavily defended river in dramatic fashion
during a violent thunderstorm to meet Porus' forces. In a fierce battle
the Indians were defeated, even though they fought with war elephants,
which the Macedonians had never before seen. Alexander defeated and
captured Porus .Alexander allowed him to continue to govern his territory
We will never know the truth of Alexander's mysterious death, Alexander
the Great, the Macedonian king and the great conqueror, died at the age
of 33, on June 10, 323 BC. Alexander died without designating a
successor. His death opened the anarchic age of the Diadochi and the
Macedonian Empire will eventually cease to exist. Alexander married at
least two women, Roxana, daughter of a minor noble and the Persian
princess Stateira, daughter of Darius III of Persia. His son by Roxana,
Alexander IV, was born after Alexander the Great's death and was killed
before the boy reached adulthood.

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