In Prenuptial Agreements

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					            Book3 unit9 Premarital Agreements
I. Background information
1. premarital agreements
     Premarital agreements or prenuptial agreements are binding legal
contracts between two people who intend to marry each other.
2. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
     Born on July 28, 1929, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy was first lady of the
United States during the administration (1961-1963) of her first husband, John
F. Kennedy. She had been a newspaper reporter and photographer before their
marriage in 1953. As first lady, she was a patron of the arts and an
international fashion-trendsetter. Under her supervision the White House was
restored and redecorated and declared a national museum. She was riding
beside President Kenney when he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, on Nov
22, 1963. In 1968 she married the Greek shipping millionaire Aristotle Onassis.
After her second husband’s death, in 1975, she worked as an editor in book
publishing.
3. Aristotle Onassis
     Born on January 20, 1906, Aristotle Onassis was a Greek shipping
millionaire who accumulated a fortune of more than $500 million. Born of
Greek parents in Turkey, he went to Buenos Aires in 1923 and became a
telephone operator there. Soon Onassis established a tobacco import business,
and by 1930s he bought unused freighters at low prices and by the end of
World War II had amassed great wealth in shipping. After the war he increased
his shipping fleet by purchasing surplus wartime freighters. He was also one
of the pioneers in the construction of oil supertankers. Onassis used his profits
to acquire hotels and banks throughout the world, as well as Olympic Airways.
Onassis, who was divorced in 1960, had a well-publicized friendship with the
soprano Maria Callas. In 1968 he married Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy.
II. Structure
     The essay focuses on one social phenomenon: prenups or premarital
agreements. The author uses many different writing techniques such as
general-specific details and general-examples to tell us what prenups are, who
want prenups, the points to be taken care of before signing prenups and finally
a general evaluation of prenups.
     The whole passage can be roughly divided into 4 parts:
Part I (Paras. 1-4) Paragraph 1 is a humorous beginning — crazy clauses of
premarital agreements, or a joke about what prenups are about. Then the
author corrects himself by saying that most of the prenups are about how
financial assets will be divided up if a couple divorces. Then Paragraph 3 deals
with the general definition of prenups: premarital agreements are designed to
address the division of financial assets when a couple put an end to their
marriage. And prenups are negotiated by lawyers for the prospective spouses,
and signed before a marriage ceremony. Paragraph 4 is just one example of
prenups: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis won $26 million through her prenups
with her second husband Aristotle Onassis.
Part II (Paras. 5-8) The 4 paragraphs are about who need to have prenups.
The author goes into detail to talk about 4 types of people who need to have
prenups before a marriage.
Part III (Paras. 9 - 14) The 6 paragraphs deal with what points should be
taken care of when one goes into a premarital agreement.
Part IV (Paras.15-16) They are about the general evaluations of prenups, one
negative and the other positive.
III.New Words
1. marital 婚姻的;夫妻的
He did not appear to have any financial or marital problems.
他看起来没有任何经济或婚姻问题。
     premarital 婚前的
2. collection
     1. [C] a set of things that have been collected 收藏品,收集的东西
Her new book is a collection of short stories.
她的新书是一本短篇小说集。
     2. [U, C] collecting or gathering 收集,收取
The photos will be ready for collection on Tuesday afternoon.
照片可在星期二下午领取。
     collect 集                                       divide 分
        ↓                                              ↓
     collective                                    individual
     n.集体                                         n.个人,个体
     a. 集体的,共同的                                   a.个体的,独特的
3. verify 证明,证实,核实
    These figures are surprisingly high and they'll have to be verified.
    这些数字高得惊人,必须予以核实。
   ◆verify 指证实某事之真伪。                (to make sure something is true or false)
   ◆confirm 证实,        肯定,    通常指用权威性论述或无可争辩的事实来确认。
4. nuptial 婚姻的,结婚的
     nuptial promises 婚誓
     the nuptial day 结婚日
     prenuptial 结婚前的
     prenuptial nerves 婚前紧张
5. bind
vt 1. 连结,联合,结合
They have bound themselves by marriage.
婚姻把他俩结合在一起。
     2. tie tightly 捆绑,捆扎
The prisoner was bound hand and foot.
那名囚犯被绑住了手脚。
     3. force sb. to obey, esp. by a law or a promise 迫使,约束
The contract binds you to completion of the work within two years.
根据合约,你必须在两年内完成这项工作。
     be bound up with 和„分不开
6. headline 标题;新闻提要
The news of his death was printed in headlines across all the newspapers.
所有报纸都在标题位置刊登了他逝世的消息。
     headache n. ①头痛 ②头痛的事
     heading n. 标题,题词,信头
     headmaster n. 校长
     headquaters n.(sing. 同 pl.) ①司令部,指挥部 ②(机构,企业等
的)总部,总店
7. contest
v. 1. argue that sth. is not right 质疑,辩驳
We will certainly contest any wrong claims made against the safety of our
products.
我们当然会驳斥任何针对我们产品安全性能的错误断言。
     2. (take part in and) try to win (sth.) 争取,争夺;与„„竞争
The firm is too small to contest with large companies.
这家商行太小了,竞争不过大公司。
n. 1. [C] a competition, usu. in which prizes are given 竞赛,比赛
She won a gold medal in an international contest.
她在国际比赛中获得一枚金牌。
     2. [C] a struggle or fight to gain control or advantage 争夺,竞争
The contest for leadership of the party is gathering speed.
对党内领袖职务的争夺正在加剧。
8.    candidate n. [C]          候选人;参加考试者
Candidates must write their names on the top page of the exam paper.
参加考试者必须在试卷的头一页写上自己的名字。
9.     sting
n. [C] 刺痛,刺伤
He felt a sting on his elbow as the spider jumped away.
蜘蛛跳开时,他感到肘部有刺痛。
vt. 1. 激怒,刺痛
He was stung into making an angry reply.
他被激怒,做出了愤怒的回答。
His words certainly stung her.
毫无疑问,他的话刺伤了她。
      2. wound with a sharp pain 刺伤,蛰伤
A bee stung him on the arm.
一只蜜蜂蛰了他的手臂。
10.     shield
vt.     防护,保护,庇护
She held her hand above her eyes to shield them from the sun.
她举起手遮挡阳光以保护眼睛。
n. 防护物,护罩,盾(状物)
The soldier's shield saved him from being killed by his enemy.
那个士兵的盾牌保护他未被敌人杀死。
11. consultant             n. 顾问
I think we need to see a computer consultant before we make an expensive
mistake.
为了避免犯代价过高的错误,我想我们应该请教一下电脑顾问。
12.     invitation n.
     1. [U, C] inviting; a request to go or come somewhere 邀请;邀请信
We have had to refuse the invitation to the wedding.
我们不得不拒绝了参加婚礼的邀请。
      2. [C] (usu. sing.) sth. which encourages sb. to do sth. 引诱,诱惑
Leaving your house unlocked is an open invitation to burglars.
门不上锁,就会引来窃贼。
      ◆ at the invitation of sb.      应某人邀请
13.     cite
     1. mention, quote 引用,引证
She cited three reasons why people get into debt.
她举出人们欠债的三个原因。
      2. praise (sb. in the armed forces) publicly because of their bravery
(军队的)传令嘉奖
She was cited by the government for doing an outstanding piece of work.
她因工作出色而受到政府的嘉奖。
      同音         sight n. 视力,情景
                 site n. 场所,工地
      ◆ quote“直引”          ,直接引用原文,不做丝毫修改。
      ◆ cite“间引”        ,引用时只需意思一致,不需用相同的词。
14.     awkward
a. 1. causing anxiety or embarrassment 困窘的,尴尬的
They'd chosen an awkward time to call as I'd just got into the bath.
他们选了一个令人尴尬的时间打电话来,我刚开始洗澡。
      2. difficult to use, do or deal with 难操纵的,使用不便的
Some of the questions were rather awkward, but I still enjoyed the exam.
虽然有几道题相当难,但总的来说我考得还不错。
      3. lacking skill in moving (parts of) the body 笨拙的,不灵巧的
The child was awkward with knife and fork.
那孩子用刀叉不是很熟练。
15. forge
vt. 1. make or produce, esp. with some difficulty 锻造,锤炼;使形成
She forged a new career for herself as a singer.
她开创了作为一名歌手的新事业。
      2. make an illegal copy of sth. in order to cheat 伪造,假冒,仿造
He got the money by forging his brother's signature on a cheque.
他在支票上假冒他哥哥的签名,得到了那笔钱。
      forgery n. 伪造,伪造品
16.     dispute
n.     争端,分歧
They've been trying to settle the dispute over working conditions for the last
three days.
他们最近三天以来一直在努力解决有关工作条件的争端。
v. 1. argue (about sth.), esp. angrily and for a long time 争论,争吵,辩论
The question was hotly disputed in the Senate.
这个问题在参议院引起了激烈的争论。
      2. 对„„表示异议,反对,辩驳
I dispute the minister's figures — the true cost of the project is much higher.
我对部长提供的数据表示怀疑,因为工程的实际费用要比这高得多。
      dispute with [against] sb. on sth.
      和某人争论某事
17.     static a. 静止的,不变的
The national birth rate has remained static for the last few years.
全国出生率近几年来保持稳定。
            static electricity        静电
            dynamic adj. 动力的, 动力学的, 动态的
18.     bearing
n.     1. [U] relation or influence 关系,影响
Your remark didn't have any bearing on what happened.
你的话与所发生的事情毫无关系。
      2. (sing.) a way of standing, walking, etc. 举止,姿态
He is a man of soldierly bearing.
他的举止像军人。
      3. [C] a direction or angle as shown by a compass 方位,方向
They lost their bearings in the dark.
他们在黑暗中迷失了方向。
19.     heap
n. [C] 1. a disorderly pile or mass of things one on top of the other 一堆
His clothes lay in heaps on the floor.
他的衣服堆放在地板上。
            2. (often pl.) a lot 大量,许多
We have heaps of time before the train leaves.
离火车开之前,我们还有许多时间。
vt.     put into a heap (使)堆起
He heaped the leaves up in the corner of the garden.
他把树叶堆在花园的角落里。
◆ pile 通常指把同种类的东西比较整齐的堆起来,是一般性的用语
◆ stack 指将同种类且同样大小的东西整齐地堆在一起
◆ heap 指不论种类,杂乱地堆放
20.     shed
n. 棚,小屋
a tool shed 工具房
vt. 1. 流出,流下,发出 (pt., pp. shed)
She shed a few tears at her daughter's wedding.
她在女儿的婚礼上流下了眼泪。
      2. get rid of (sth. not needed or wanted) 去掉,摆脱
I'd like to shed a few pounds before the summer.
我希望能在夏天来临之前减轻几磅体重。
      3. 脱落,脱去
These trees shed their leaves in fall.
这些树秋天落叶。
IV. Phrases:
1. store away collect and keep sth. for future use 收起来,储存,储备
Now it's time to store away your fur coats for the summer.
夏天快到了,该把你的皮大衣收起来了。
2. insists on/upon
      1. strongly demand sth. or doing sth. 坚决要求
He always insists on the best.
他总是要求完美。
      2. say firmly that sth. is true 坚持认为
She insisted on her innocence.
她坚持说她是清白的。
3. gain in 得到更多的„„
gain in confidence 增强信心
4. make/hit the headlines 成为头条新闻
The arrival of the football team hit the headlines in the local press.
足球队的到达成为当地报纸的头条新闻。
5. be in line for 即将获得,很可能得到
Who's next in line for promotion in your department?
你那个部门下一位有希望得到晋升的是谁?
6. under sb’s nose 就在... ...面前
I put the bill right under his nose so that he couldn't miss it.
我把账单就放在他面前,以免他看不到。
7. just about          extremely close to     几乎,非常接近
Dinner's just about ready, so wash your hands now.
晚餐快好了,去洗手吧。
8. have no bearing on have no relation to; have nothing to do with
与„„无关
How many kids you have has no bearing on how much tax you pay.
你有几个孩子和你交多少税没有关系。
9. shed/throw/cast light on make a problem, etc. easier to understand
(使)更容易理解
These discoveries may shed light on the origins of the universe.
这些发现会有助于理解宇宙的起源。

				
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