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财务词汇xls - 联合国审计委员会委员工作领导小组办公室

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财务词汇xls - 联合国审计委员会委员工作领导小组办公室 Powered By Docstoc
					                              Terms Of Finance
No.           English              Chinese                   Remark              Categor
                                                                                    y
1     Debt swap               债务互换                                                DRPA
       indicators of
2                             绩效指标                                                 BP
      achievements
       OAH office away from
3                             总部之外的办事处                                             5C
      Headquarters
                                索偿事项咨询委员
      ABCC= Advisory Board on
4                               会 A/52/837 para                                    5C
      Compensation Claims
                                66
5     abject poverty            赤贫                                                FFD
6     Abolition of post         员额裁撤                                               5C
      absolute and revised      绝对价调汇率和订
7                                                                                 SOA
      PARE methodology          正价调汇率方法
 8    Absolute PARE             绝对价调汇率                                            COC
 9    Absorb                    匀支                                                 5C
10    absorption factor         承担系数                                               5C
      ACABQ = Advisory
                                行预咨委会 =
      Committee on
11
      Administrative and        行政和预算问题咨                                           BP

      Budgetary Questions       询委员会
12    acceptable contractors    可以接受的承包商                                         FR, BOA
13    Accommodation Unit        办公室安排股                                           FR, BOA
14    Accommodation units       办公室安排股                                             5C
15    Account for               点清;查明                                              5C
16    accountability                                                               PB
17    accountability            问责制                                              FR, BOA
18    Accountability            问责;责任                                             FFD
      accountability and
19                              问责制及职责                                             BP
      responsibility
20    Accountability Panel      问责制专门小组                                            5C
21    accountable entities      负责的机构                                            FR, BOA
22    accounting control system 会计控制系统                                           FR, BOA
23    accounting conventions    会计惯例                                               5C
24    accounting records        会计记录                                             FR, BOA
25    accounting standards      会计标准                                             FR, BOA
26    Accounts Division         帐务司                                                5C
27    accounts payable                                                             PB
28    accounts payable          应付帐款                                             FR, BOA
29    accounts receivable                                                          PB
30    accounts receivable       应收账款                                             FR, BOA
                                                  accrual basis accounting vs.
31 accrual                    权责发生制               cash basis
                                                                                   5C

32 accrual accounting, basis                                                      ASHI
33 accrual basis             应计基础                                                FR, BOA
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English              Chinese                Remark                Categor
                                                                                    y
                                 应计制会计;权责
34 accrual basis accounting                                                      FR, BOA
                                 发生制会计
35 accrual status (reach)                                                         ASHI
36 accrue (to -) (interests)     (利息)积存                                           FFD
   accrue for current service
37                                                                                ASHI
   costs
38 accrue to (to -)              应计                                               FFD
39 accrued (interests)           应计(利息)                                           FFD
40 accrued benefit method                                                         ASHI
41 accrued benefits                                                               ASHI
42 accrued liability                                                              ASHI
   achievement (indicators
43                                                                                 PB
   of)
   ACPAQ = advisory              工作地点差价调整
44 committee on post             数问题咨委会(调                                          5C
   adjustment questions          整数咨委会)
45 active employees                                                               ASHI
46 active mission                现行任务                                            FR, BOA
47 Active missions               现役特派团                                             5C
48 actual export growth rate     实际出口增长                                           DRPA
49 actuarial assumptions                                                          ASHI
50 actuarial present value                                                        ASHI
51 actuarial valuation                                                            ASHI
                                 特别调整;          reflecting substantive changes
52 ad hoc adjustments                           in relative capacity to pay
                                                                                  SOA
                                 特殊调整
                                                stemming from problems with
53 ad hoc correction             特殊更正           the data used in preparing the    SOA
                                                scale
      Ad Hoc Inter-
      governmental Working
      Group on the               实施支付能力原则 Est’d by 49/19A 29 November
54                                                                                SOA
      Implementation of the      特设政府间工作组 1994
      Principle of Capacity to
      Pay
55    ad valorem tax                按值税;从价税                                       FFD
      ADB = Asian                  亚洲开发银行
56                                                                                FFD
      Development Bank             (亚行)
57    Additional estimates         追加概算                                            5C
58    additional expenditures      额外支出                                            BP
59    additional resources         增加资源                                           DRPA
                                   同债务减免前全盘
      additionality of debt relief
                                   转让相比较的补充
60    in comparison with overall                                                  DRPA
                                   债务减免幅度
      pre-debt-relief transfers
                                   (unclear)
61    adjudication of an offence 裁决                                               FFD
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                   Chinese   Remark   Categor
                                                               y
      adjusting entry to the        财务报表的一笔调
62                                                          FR, BOA
      financial statements          整分录
63    Administration of justice     司法行政                      5C
      Administrative and            联合国维持和平行
64    budgetary aspects of the      动经费筹措的行政                  5C
      financing of the UN PKO’s     和预算问题
      Administrative business
65                                  行政事务程序                    5C
      processes
66    administrative costs          行政费用                      BP
67    administrative offices        行政办事处                     BP
      administrative support
68                                  行政支助事务                    BP
      services
69    advance                       预付款                     FR, BOA
      adverse terms-of-trade
70                                  不利贸易条件震荡                 FFD
      shocks
      Advisory Centre on World      世界贸易组织法咨
71                                                           FFD
      Trade Organization Law        询中心
72    advocacy                      倡导,宣传                     5C
      AfDB = African
73                                  非洲开发银行                   FFD
      Development Bank
      AFMIN = Africa
74                                  非洲微额供资网络                 FFD
      Microfinance Network
75    Age profile of the staff      年龄分布状况                    5C
76    ageing                        账龄分析                    FR, BOA
      ageing accounts
77                                  应收帐款账龄分析                FR, BOA
      receivable
78    aggregate level                                         PB
79    agricultural crops            农作物                      FFD
80    aid receipts                  援助收入                     FFD
81    AIDS orphans                  艾滋病孤儿                    FFD
      ALD = activities of limited
82                                  限期活动                    FR, BOA
      duration
      ALD = Appointment of
83                                  限期任命                    FR, BOA
      Limited Duration
      Alignment of the NCE and
84                                  协调                        5C
      G-P Exam
85    allocation                                              PB
86    allocation                    拨款                      FR, BOA
                                    特别提款权的分配
87 allocation of SDRs                                        FFD
                                    ,分拨
88 allotment advice                                           PB
                                    拨款;分配款;分
89 allotments                                               FR, BOA
                                    配款项
90 allowances and benefits                                    PB
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                                                       y
91    amortization                                                                   ASHI
92    analysis of statements     财务报表分析                                             FR, BOA
93    annual recalculation       每年重新计算                                              SOA
94    anomalies, exchange rate   反常                                                  SOA
95    anticipated results                                                             PB
      AOC = Audit Operations
96                               审计事务委员会                                            FR, BOA
      Committee
97    application servers        应用程序服务机                                              BP
98    Apportion                  分摊                                                   5C
99    apportionment                                                                   PB
100   Apportionment              (经费)分摊                                              COC
      apportionment of the
101                              分摊联合国费用                                             SOA
      expenses of the UN
102   appropriation              批款                                                   BP
103   appropriation of funds     批款                                                 FR, BOA
104   appropriations                                                                  PB
105   approving officer          核签人                                                  5C
106   Archiving                  归档                                                   5C
                                                the description of an agreement
                                                made by two parties freely and
                                                independently of each other,
                                                and without some special
                                                relationship, such as being a
                                                relative, having another deal on
                                                the side or one party having
                                                complete control of the other. It
                                 公平交易关系,公       becomes important to
107 arm's length relationship                                                       FR, BOA
                                 平计价关系 ;        determine if an agreement was
                                                freely entered into to show that
                                                the price, requirements, and
                                                other conditions were fair and
                                                real. Example: if a man sells
                                                property to his son the value set
                                                may not be the true value since
                                                it may not have been an "arm's
                                                length" transaction.
108 arrears                      欠款                                                  COC
109 Arrears                      积欠会费                                                 5C
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                Financial Regulation                   y
                                                5.4provides that: Contributions
                                                and advances shall be
                                                considered Member States that
                                                are current with respect to their
                                                financial as due and payable in
110 arrears                      拖欠             full within thirty days of the       SOA
                                                receipt of the communication of
                                                the Secretary-General referred
                                                to in regulation 5.3 above, or as
                                                of the first day of the calendar
                                                year to which they relate,
                                                whichever is the later
      Articles of Agreement of   国际货币基金组织
111                                                                                  FFD
      the IMF                    协定条款
      ASG = Assistant
112                              助理秘书长                                                BP
      Secretary-General
      ASG for central support
113                              丹羽敏之                                                 5C
      services
114   ASHI: ASHI                                                                      PB
115   Assessable income          应计摊款收入                                              COC
116   assessable income          应计摊款收入                                              SOA
117   assessed budget                                                                 PB
118   assessed contributions                                                          PB
                                 1. 分摊的会费;2.
119 assessed contributions                                                          FR, BOA
                                 认缴份额[IMF]
120   assessed contributions     分摊会费                                                SOA
121   assessed fund              摊款基金                                                SOA
122   assessment                                                                      PB
123   assessment letter                                                               PB
124   asset management           资产管理                                               FR, BOA
125   asset records              资产记录                                               FR, BOA
126   asset register             资产登记册                                              FR, BOA
127   asset replacement          资产的更换                                              FR, BOA
128   assets                     资产                                                 FR, BOA
129   assets and liabilities     资产负债                                               FR, BOA
130   assignment grant                                                                PB
131   Associate expert           协理专家                                                 5C
                                                世界银行采用阿特拉斯法,根据
                                                各国2003年的人均GNI对各国进
                                                行定级,765美元及以下为低收
                                                入,766至3
132 Atalas method                阿特拉斯法          035美元为中低收入,3
                                                                                     COC

                                                036美元至9
                                                385美元为中高收入,9
                                                386及以上为高收入。
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese          Remark              Categor
                                                                              y
                                       A method for calculating GNP
                                       per capita used in the
                                       preparation of the World Bank
                                       Atlas. The Atlas conversion
                                       factor for any year is the
                                       average of a country's
                                       exchange rate for that year and
                                       its exchange rates for the two
                                       preceding years, after adjusting
    Atlas method of the World 世界银行的阿特拉 them for differences in relative
133                                                                         SOA
    Bank                      斯方法      inflation between the country
                                       and the United States. This
                                       three-year average smooths
                                       fluctuations in prices and
                                       exchange rates for each
                                       country. The resulting GNP in
                                       US dollars is divided by the
                                       midyear population for the latest
                                       of the three years to derive GNP
                                       per capita
134   attestation                证明                                        FR, BOA
135   attrition                                                              PB
136   audit                      审计                                        FR, BOA
137   audit approach             审计方法                                      FR, BOA
      audit assignment
138                              审计工作分派                                    FR, BOA
      allocation
139   audit assurance            审计保证程度                                    FR, BOA
140   Audit certificate          审计证书                                        5C
141   audit certificate          审计证明书                                     FR, BOA
142   audit conclusions          审计结论                                      FR, BOA
143   audit cycle, biennium      两年期审计周期                                   FR, BOA
144   audit evidence             审计证据                                      FR, BOA
145   audit findings             审计结果                                      FR, BOA
146   audit institution          审计机构                                      FR, BOA
147   audit mandate              审计任务                                      FR, BOA
      audit of computer
                                 计算机经济效益效
148   economy and                                                          FR, BOA
                                 率审计
      efficiency/effectiveness
      audit of computer system   计算机系统安全审
149                                                                        FR, BOA
      security                   计
150   audit opinion              审计意见                                      FR, BOA
151   audit plan/program         审计计划/程序表                                  FR, BOA
152   audit recommendations      审计建议                                      FR, BOA
153   audit report               审计报告                                      FR, BOA

154 audit scope                  审计范围                                      FR, BOA

155 audit testing                审计测试                                      FR, BOA
                                    Terms Of Finance
No.            English                   Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                                                          y
156 audit trail                     审计轨迹                                               FR, BOA
    Audited financial
157                                 审定财务报表                                               5C
    statement
158 auditee, audited entity         被审单位/人(辞典)                                         FR, BOA
159 auditing standards              审计标准                                               FR, BOA
160 auditor                         审计员                                                FR, BOA
161 Auditor, visiting               巡回审计员                                                5C
162 auditor's opinion               审计意见                                               FR, BOA
    authority to enter into
163                                                                                      PB
    commitments
    authorized retained
164                                                                                      PB
    surplus
    automated
165 correspondence log                                                                   PB
    system
    average annual rates of
166                                 平均年通胀率                                               BP
    inflation
167 award a contract                                                                   FR, BOA
168 Award of contracts              订立; 决标                                               5C
169 backlog of cases                案件积压                                               FR, BOA
    Back-office consolidation
                                    巩固共同事务领域
170 in the Common Services                                                               5C
                                    办公室后台工作
    area
                                                   overall direction, assistance and
                                                   guidance given by departments
                                                   , offices and other units at HQ
                                                   for ensuring the effective
                                                   planning, implementation and
                                                   liquidation of PKO's
                                                   backstopping functions that are
                                                   central or core to peacekeeping
171 Backstopping of PKO’s           A/49/717;      should be financed from               5C
                                                   regular.. those that fluctuate
                                                   with number and size of PKO's
                                                   should be financed from support
                                                   acct.; support account to be
                                                   financed through a charge on
                                                   each PKO equivalent to 8l5% of
                                                   civilian component of that
                                                   operation
172   bad debt                      呆账                                                 FR, BOA
173   bail in (to -)*               招                                                   FFD
174   bailed in/out (to be -)                                                           FFD
175   bail-in the private lenders   找私人贷款者参与                                            FFD
176   bail-out                      援救                                                  FFD
                               Terms Of Finance
No.           English             Chinese                 Remark                        Categor
                                                                                           y
                                            The high degree of indebtedness of the
                                            so-called "Baker-15" countries. These
                                            countries were singled out in 1985 for
                                            special attention by then-Secretary of
                                            the Treasury of the United States,
                                            James A. Baker, III. 9/ The special
                                            concern arose from the top priority that
                                            the official international debt strategy
                                            initially gave to rescuing the vulnerable
                                            centerpieces of the world's banking
                                            system, the large, "money-centre"
                                            banks. Great urgency was thus given to
                                            restoring the debt-servicing capacity of
                                            the large debtors that owed the bulk of
177 Baker-15” countries        “贝克计划15国”    their external debts to these banks. The
                                                                                         DRPA
                                            Baker Plan did try to help these
                                            countries, but managed mainly to
                                            deepen their debt crisis by applying a
                                            liquidity solution to what was
                                            increasingly realized to be a solvency
                                            problem. The subsequent "Brady plan" ,
                                            also directed special attention to the
                                            Baker-15 countries, as well as to other
                                            heavily indebted countries, and became
                                            the core of the international debt
                                            strategy in so far as it treated the
                                            commercial bank debt of middle-income
                                            countries.



178 balance                    余额                                                       FR, BOA
179 Balance sheet              资产负债表                                                      5C
180 balance sheet              资产负债表                                                    FR, BOA
    Bank for International
181                            国际清算银行                                                    FFD
    Settlements
182 bank reconciliation        银行往来调节                                                   FR, BOA
183 bankruptcy law             破产法                                                       FFD
184 Bargain investment         价廉投资                                                      FFD
185 Base /floor salary scale   基薪/底薪表                                                     5C
186 Base period                基期                                                        COC
187 base period                基期           usu. a multiple of scale period              SOA
188 Base year                  基年                                                        COC
189 baseline data                                                                         PB
190 baselines                  基线                                                       FR, BOA
191 baselines and targets      基线和具体目标                                                    BP
192 basic votes* (IMF)         基本票                                                       FFD
    Basle Committee on         巴塞尔银行监督委
193                                                                                      FFD
    Banking Supervision        员会
194 Benchmark                  基准                                                         5C
    benchmark for debt         债务承受能力的基
195                                                                                      DRPA
    sustainability             准参数
196 benchmarks                 基准                                                       FR, BOA
197 beneficial ownership       实际所有人                                                     FFD
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
198 benefits                                                    ASHI
                                   最佳范例;最佳做
199 best practices                                              FFD
                                   法
200   bid                          出价;投标                         5C
201   bid (to)                                                  FFD
202   bidder                       投标者                         FR, BOA
203   bid-rigging                  投标作弊                        FR, BOA
204   biennial programme plan                                    PB
      biennial programme plan
205                                两年期方案计划                       BP
      and priorities for
206   biennium                     两年期                           BP
207   BIS                                                       FFD
      BIS =Bank for
208                                国际清算银行                       DRPA
      International Settlements
      BIS: Budget Information
209                                                              PB
      System
210   bit tax*                     因特网数据传输税                     FFD
211   blanket protection           总括保护                         FFD
212   blended rate                 混合汇率                         SOA
213   blocked (supplier, vendor)                               FR, BOA
214   BOA = Board of Auditors      审计委员会                       FR, BOA
215   Board of Auditors                                         ASHI
                                 审计委员会 Sir
216 Board of Auditors                                            5C
                                 John Bourn KCB
217   Board of Directors         董事会                            FFD
218   Board of Governors (IMF) 理事会                              FFD
219   bond                       债券                            FR, BOA
220   bond market                债券市场                           FFD
221   bondholder                 债券持有者                          FFD
222   bonds                      债券                             FFD
      BONUCA = Peace-
223   building support office in 中非支助处                           5C
      Central African Republic
224   book-entry securities      帐面记录证券                        FR, BOA
225   bookkeeping                簿记                            FR, BOA
226   boom-bust behaviour        起落周期行为                         FFD
227   boon                        实惠;福利                         FFD
228   borrowing limit                                          FR, BOA
229   bottom-up bubble-up                                       FFD
230   Brady (discount) bonds     布雷迪(贴现)债券                      DRPA
231   Bretton Woods Institutions                                FFD
232   bribe                                                     FFD
233   bribe-giver                                               FFD
234   bribery                                                   FFD
                               Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                     y
235 bribe-taker                                                                     FFD

                                               a/50/30 combining or replacing
                                               several classification levels by
                                               a single, broader classification
236 Broad banding                  宽幅工资制度      level called a band to provide
                                                                                    5C
                                               greater flexibility to reward
                                               individual performance

      broadest possible            “尽可能广泛的协    General Assembly resolution
237                                                                                 BP
      agreement” formula           议”的提法       41/213
238   broker*                      经纪人                                             FFD
239   budget cycle                 预算周期                                             BP
240   budget fascicles             预算分册                                             BP
241   budget outline               预算大纲                                             BP
242   budget outline                                                                PB
      budget performance
243                                预算执行情况报告                                         BP
      reports
244   budget proposals             拟议预算                                             BP
245   Budget proposals             概算                                               5C
246   budget section               预算各款                                             BP
      budgetary control of both
                                   对经常预算批款进
247   regular budget                                                                BP
                                   行预算监督
      appropriations
248   Budgetary Prosess            预算进程                                             BP
249   buffeted by (to be -)        受……冲击                                           FFD
250   built-in mechanism                                                           FFD
251   bulk purchases               批量采购                                           FR, BOA
252   bulky commodity              散装·成批商品                                         FFD
253   burden of relief             宽减额的负担                                          SOA
254   Burden-sharing               费用分担                                            FFD
255   business continuity                                                           PB
256   Business processes           业务流程                                             5C
257   business sector              商业部门                                            FFD
258   business transaction         商业交易                                            FFD
259   buyback                                                                      FFD
260   buy-back facility (of IDA)   回购资金                                            DRPA
261   buy-in                                                                       ASHI
      buy-out program (one-
262                                                                                 PB
      time)
263   buy-sell spread              买卖差幅                                            FFD
264   BWI                          布雷顿森林机构                                         FFD
265   by object of expenditure     按支出用途开列的                                         BP
      CAAT: Computer assisted      计算机辅助审计方
266                                                                               FR, BOA
      audit techniques             法
267   call account                 活期账户                                           FR, BOA
                                     Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                    y
268   call in one’s capital (to -)   收回资本                          FFD
269   callable capital               可以收回的资本                      FFD
270   cancellations                  免除债务协议                       DRPA
271   Candidate                      投考人                           5C
272   capacity to pay (CTP)          支付能力                         SOA
273   capacity to pay.               支付能力                         COC
      Capital account
274                                  资本帐户可兑换性                     FFD
      convertibility
      capital account
275                                  资本帐户自由化                      DRPA
      liberalization
276   Capital Assets Fund            资本资产基金                      FR, BOA
277   capital assets projects        资本资产项目                      FR, BOA
278   capital expenditure                                          PB
279   Capital expenditures           基建支出                          5C
280   capital inflow taxes                                        FFD
      Capital Markets
281                                  资本市场协商小组                     FFD
      Consultative Group (IMF)
282   Capital Master Plan            基建总计划                         5C
283   Capital Master Plan            基本建设总计划                     FR, BOA
284   capital surge                  资本激增                         FFD
285   capital transfers              资本转移                         SOA
286   capitalization                 资本化                          FFD
287   capitalize                     资本化                         FR, BOA
288   carbon content                 碳含量                          FFD
289   carbon sequestration           固碳                           FFD
290   career development             职业发展                          BP
291   Career development             职业发展                          5C
292   career resource center                                       PB
293   cash accounts                  现金帐户                        FR, BOA
294   cash advance                   现金垫款                        FR, BOA
295   cash assistance                现金支助                        FR, BOA
296   cash balance                                                 PB
297   cash balance                   现金余额                        FR, BOA
298   cash basis                                                  ASHI
                                     收付实现制;现收
299 cash basis                                                     5C
                                     现付制
300 cash basis (on a )               现金制会计                       FR, BOA
301 cash basis accounting                                        FR, BOA
302 cash book                        现金簿                         FR, BOA
    cash conservation
303                                  保存现金措施                       SOA
    measure
304 cash flow                                                      PB
                                     现金流量;
305 cash flows                                                   FR, BOA
                                     现金流动
                             Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                      y
306   cash inflows               现金流入                                              FR, BOA
307   cash pool                  现金公库                                              FR, BOA
308   cash shortages             现金不足,短缺                                           FR, BOA
309   cash turnover              资金循环                                              FR, BOA
                                 现金流动;现金流
310 Cash-flow situation                                                              5C
                                 量
311 cash-in-hand                 现有金额                                              FR, BOA
    CCAQ = consultative
                                 行政问题协商委员
312 committee on admin                                                               5C
                                 会(行协委)
    questions
    CCAQ: Consultative
313 Committee on                                                                     PB
    Administrative Questions
    CCFF = Compensatory
                                 补偿和应急贷款办
314 and Contingency                                                                 FFD
                                 法
    Financing Facility (IMF)
    CCISUA= Coordinating
                                 联合国系统
    Committee for
315 International Staff Unions   国际职工会协调委                                            5C
    and Associations of the      员会(工会协调委
                                 )
    United Nations System
    CCPOQ = Consultative
    Committee. On
316                              方案业务协商会                                             5C
    Programme and
    Operational Questions
    CCPOQ: Consultative
    Committee on Programme
317                                                                                  PB
    and Operational
    Questions
    CDF = Comprehensive
318 Development Framework        综合发展框架                                             FFD
    (World Bank)
319 CDM                                                                             FFD
    CEB = Chief Executives       执行首长协调理事
320                                                                                  5C
    Board for Coordination       会(首长协调会)
    CEB: United Nations
321 System Chief Executives                                                          PB
    Board for Coordination
322 ceiling (retirees)                                                               PB
                                                (maximum assessment
                                                rate(ceiling) of 25 per cent and
                                                a maximum assessment rate for
323 ceiling rate                 上限             the least developed countries
                                                                                    SOA
                                                (LDC ceiling) of 0.01 per cent);
                                                reduced to 22% in Res. 55/5C;
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese              Remark                    Categor
                                                                                        y
      Center for the Settlement
324   of Investment Disputes       解决投资争端中心                                           FFD
      (World Bank)
325   Central Evaluation Unit      中央评价股                                               5C
      centrally managed
326                                                                                    PB
      provisions for training
      centrally provided data-
327   processing infrastructure                                                        PB
      services
328   certification                核证                                                FR, BOA
329   certified claims             经核证的报销单据                                          FR, BOA
330   Certified Internal Auditor   执照内部审计员                                           FR, BOA
      Certified Public             执业会计师(会计
331                                                                                  FR, BOA
      Accountant (CPA)             师)
      CGAP = Consultative
332   Group to Assist the                                                             FFD
      Poorest
      CGIAR = Consultative
333   Group on International                                                          FFD
      Agriculture Research
334   challenge                    提出异议,质疑                                            FFD
335   charge against salaries                                                         ASHI
336   chargeback                                                                       PB
                                                agencies pay back UN on jointly
337 Charge-back                    事后收费办法       financed secretariat, activities =     5C
                                                recovery of costs
338 charges                  收费                                                      FR, BOA
339 checklist                核对表;检查单                                                 FR, BOA
    Chief Information
340                                                                                    PB
    Technology Officer CITO
341 Chief of Staff                                                                     PB
342 Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) 氯氟化碳                                                     FFD
    Cities Without Slums
343                                                                                   FFD
    Action Plan (World Bank)
                                                Salaries, common staff and
      Civilian component (of       文职部分;
344                                             travel costs of UN staff in            5C
      PKO)                         文职人员         mission area
345 claim                                                                             ASHI
346 claims                                                                             PB
347 claims                         (握有的)债权                                            DRPA
348 claims                         索偿要求                                              FR, BOA
349 Classify                       叙级                                                  5C
    Clean Development
350                                清洁发展机制                                             FFD
    Mechanism
351 clean slate principle          白板原则                                               SOA
                               Terms Of Finance
No.            English            Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                              y
352   clearance                许可;交割;结清                    FR, BOA
353   clearing (of cheques)    (支票的)交换                     FR, BOA
354   Closing balance          期终余额                          5C
355   closing balance          期终余额                        FR, BOA
356   CMCG                                                  FFD
357   CMH                                                   FFD

358 CMP: Capital Master Plan                                 PB

    COC = Committee on
359                            会费委员会                        SOA
    Contributions
360 code of conduct, of ethics 行为守则                        FR, BOA
    COE = contingent-owned
361                            特遣队所属装备                       5C
    equipment
362 collected tax                                           FFD
                               收回(帐款)的可
363 collectibility                                         FR, BOA
                               能性
364 collection                 收回(帐款)                      FR, BOA
365 collective action clauses                               FFD
366 collusive bidding          串通投标                        FR, BOA
367 collusive tendering        串通投标                        FR, BOA
368 co-location                共用同一地点                        5C
    Cologne initiative         科隆倡议(增强的
369                                                         DRPA
    (enhanced HIPC)            重债穷国倡议)
370 commercial debt            商业债务                         DRPA
    Commission on Crime
                               预防犯罪和刑事司
371 Prevention and Criminal                                 FFD
                               法委员会
    Justice
                               全球施政委员会,
    Commission on Global
372                            全球管理问题委员                     FFD
    Governance
                               会
    Commission on
373 Macroeconomics and                                      FFD
    Health* (WHO)
374 commitment authority                                     PB
375 Commitments, enter into 承付款项                             5C
    Committee for
376 Development Planning                                    FFD
    (ECOSOC)
    Committee for
377 Programme and              方案和协调委员会                      5C
    Coordination
    Committee on Trade and
378 Development (WTO                                        FFD
    General Council)
                              Terms Of Finance
No.           English               Chinese               Remark               Categor
                                                                                  y
      Commodity Risk
379                               商品风险管理计划                                      FFD
      Management Scheme
      Common scale of staff       统一的工作人员薪
380                                                                              5C
      assessment                  金税率表
381   Common services             共同事务                                           5C
      common services facility
382                                                                              PB
      infrastructure
      Common services
383                               共同事务平台                                         5C
      platform
      Common Services Task
384                               共同事务工作队                                        5C
      Force
385   common staff costs                                                         PB
386   Common staff costs          一般人事费用                                         5C
      Common supplier             联合国供应商共同
387                                                                              5C
      database                    数据库
388   common support services     共同支助服务                                         BP
389   Common support services     共同支助事务                                         5C
390   Common system               共同制度                                           5C
      common-pool approach to
391                                                                             FFD
      ODA
392   comparability               数据可比性                                         COC
393   Compendium process          简编进程                                           5C
394   Compensation Fund                                                         ASHI
      Compensatory Financing
395                               补偿贷款办法                                        FFD
      Facility (IMF)
396   Competitive bidding         公开招标                                           5C
397   competitive bidding         公开招标;竞标                                      FR, BOA
      competitive tax
398                               竞争性让税                                         FFD
      concessions
399   compile statistics (to -)                                                 FFD
                                                Remaining assistance will be
400 Completion Point              完成点           provided at this point.
                                                                                DRPA

401 compliance                    符合性                                          FR, BOA
                                  遵守规定情况的审
402 compliance audit              查(审计);                                       FR, BOA
                                  符合性审计(辞典)
403 compliance certificate        符合证明书                                        FR, BOA
404 compliance costs                                                            FFD
405 compliance procedure          符合程序                                         FR, BOA

                                  遵守规定情况抽查
406 compliance testing                                                         FR, BOA
                                  ; 符合性测试(辞典)
                                  遵守准则;符合标
407 compliance with standards                                                  FR, BOA
                                  准
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English             Chinese               Remark              Categor
                                             policy-making organs, executive
                                                                                y
    Component, percentage                    direction and management,
408 distribution of resources   构成部份         programme of work, special               5C
    by                                       political mission, programme
                                             support
409 components (budget)                                                               PB

    comprehensive audit (both 全面审计;综合审
410 regulatory & financial    计(管理/财务审                                              FR, BOA
    performance audit)        计和业绩)
      comprehensive review of
411                                                                                   PB
      governance arrangements
412   computer crime            利用计算机犯罪                                             FR, BOA
413   computer system failure   计算机系统故障                                             FR, BOA
414   computer user support     计算机用户支持                                             FR, BOA
      computer-assisted         计算机辅助翻译软
415                                                                                   5C
      translation software      件
416   concessional loan         减让贷款                                                 FFD
                                减让条件,特许条
417 concessional terms                                                               FFD
                                件
418 concessionality             减让性,减让条件                                             FFD
    conditionality (Fund and
                             货币基金组织和世
419 Bank ), comply with,                                                             DRPA
                             界银行的条件规定
    tighter and more complex
420 conditions of service                                                             PB

                                             In probability statistics, it is the
                                             range of values which is
                                             believed with a preassigned
                                             degree of confidence to include
                                             the particular value of some
      confidence interval (of
421                             置信区间         parameter or characteristic             SOA
      PARE)                                  being estimated: the degree of
                                             confidence is related to the
                                             probability of obtaining, by
                                             random samples, ranges which
                                             are correct

422 consistency of standards    标准一致                                                FR, BOA
    consolidated common
423                                                                                   PB
    liaison service
424 consolidated statement                                                            PB
    Consolidation
                                工作地点差价调整
425 (incorporation in                                                                 5C
                                数并入基薪净额
    base/floor salary scale)
426 consolidation of peace      巩固和平                                                FR, BOA
427 constituency (IMF)                                                               FFD
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
      constituency structure
428                                                             FFD
      (BWI)
      construction in progress
429                                在建工程账户                      FR, BOA
      account
      construction, alteration,
                                   建筑、改建、装修
430   improvement and major                                      BP
                                   和主要维修
      maintenance
431   consultants and experts      顾问和专家                         BP
432   contingency budget                                        FFD
      contingency fee
433                                                             FFD
      arrangement
434   contingency fund             应急基金                          BP
435   contingency fund                                           PB
436   Contingency fund             应急基金                          5C
      Contingent Credit Line
437                                                             FFD
      (IMF)
      contingent financing
438                                                             FFD
      mechanisms
439   Contingent liabilities       或有债务                          5C
440   contingent liability         或有债务                        FR, BOA
441   continuing posts                                           PB
      continuous learning,
442                                继续学习的文化                       BP
      culture of
443   contract law                                              FFD
444   Contract services            定约承办事务                        5C
                                   承包人;承包者[
445 contractor                                                 FR, BOA
                                   海洋法];定约人
    Contracts and                  合同和采购处(
446 Procurements Service of        发展支助管理事务                      5C
    DDSMS                          部(发展支管部))
    Contracts Committees
447                                合同委员会                         5C
    (local and Headquarters)
448 Contracts, 11-month            11个月合同                        5C
449 Contracts, continuing          连续合同                          5C
450 Contracts, permanent           长期合同                          5C
                                   有条件供应合同;
451 Contracts, requirement                                       5C
                                   备用合同
      Contracts, when-actually-
452                                实际受聘合同                        5C
      employed
453   contractual services         订约承办事务                        BP
454   contractual services                                       PB
455   Contractual services         定约承办事务                        5C
      contribution (to a pension
456                                养恤金缴款                        FFD
      fund)
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese           Remark            Categor
                                                                             y
                                 根据薪金缴付的款
457 contributions on salaries                                             FR, BOA
                                 项
458 Contributions past due       过期未付会费                                     5C
459 Controller                                                              PB
    Convention on Combating
    Bribery of Foreign Public    禁止在国际商业交
460 Officials in International   易中贿赂外国公职                                  FFD
    Business Transactions        人员公约
    (OECD)
    conversion control
461                              转换控制帐户                                   FR, BOA
    account
462 conversion of posts                                                     PB
463 conversion rates             换算率                                       COC
464 conversion rates             换算率            MER, PARE, PPP, WA, WAR    SOA
    convertible foreign
465                              现汇                                       FR, BOA
    exchange
    Coordination, instruments
466                                                                         5C
    of
467 co-pay                                                                 ASHI
    core and managerial
468                                                                         PB
    competencies
    co-responsibility of
                                 债权方对于造成不
    creditors for the build-up
469                              可承受债务状况同                                  DRPA
    of unsustainable debt
                                 样负有责任
    positions
470 corporate accountability     公司责任                                      FFD
471 corporate citizenship        公司社会责任                                    FFD
472 corporate governance         公司管理                                      FFD
473 corporate law                                                          FFD
474 corporate responsibility                                               FFD
475 corporate tax                                                          FFD
476 corporate vehicle                                                      FFD
477 correlation coefficient      相关系数                                      SOA
478 corruption-free                                                        FFD
                                 成本核算;
479 cost accounting                                                       FR, BOA
                                 成本会计
480 cost accounting system                                                  PB
481 Cost- accounting system      成本核算                                       5C
    Cost effectiveness,
482                              成本效果                                       5C
    enhance
    Cost efficiencies in the
483                              成本效率                                       5C
    delivery of programmes
484 cost estimates                                                          PB
485 cost overrun                 超支                                       FR, BOA
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English             Chinese              Remark             Categor
                                                                              y
                                成本效益分析;损
486 cost-benefit analysis                                                  FR, BOA
                                益分析
487   costed plans                                                          FFD
488   cost-effectiveness        成本效益                                       FR, BOA
489   cost-effectiveness                                                    FFD
490   cost-efficiency           成本-效率                                      FR, BOA
                                有成本效益的;合
491 Cost-efficient                                                         FR, BOA
                                算的
492 costing standards                                                        PB
493 cost-of-living adjustment   生活费调整数                                       BP
                                       contrary to the earlier “fixed-
                                       price” contract, provided for the
                                       eventuality of non-delivery/ non-
    cost-plus-performance fee
494                           成本加业绩费合同 compliant performance in the        FR, BOA
    contract                           form of adjustments to the
                                       performance fee that was paid
                                       to the contractor
      cost-sharing
495                                                                          PB
      arrangements
                                反倾销税,反补贴
496 countervailing duty                                                     FFD
                                税
497 country strategy note       照会                                           5C
498 cover                       弥补、抵销                                      FR, BOA
                                商定好如何出表面
      cover bids (voluntary
499                             递价(自愿将价格                                   FR, BOA
      inflated bids)
                                抬高的递盘)
      CPA = certified public    执业会计师(会计
500                                                                        FR, BOA
      accountant                师)
      CPC = Committee for
501   Programme and             方案和协调委员会                                     BP
      Coordination
      CPC: Committee for
502   Programme and                                                          PB
      Coordination
      CPI = consumer price
503                             消费指数                                        SOA
      index
504   Creation of posts         设立员额                                         5C
505   credible track record                                                 FFD
506   credit                    贷项                                          COC
                                贷项;记入帐户贷
507 credit                                                                  SOA
                                方;贷记
508 credit balance              贷方余额                                       FR, BOA
    credit balances in some     在一些账户里有贷
509                                                                         SOA
    accounts                    项
510 credit management           信贷管理                                       FR, BOA
511 Credit v.                   记入……名下                                       5C
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                               y
      Creditable contributory       可以承认的缴费服
512                                                           5C
      service                       务
513   creditor                      债权人                     FR, BOA
514   criminalize (to -)                                     FFD
      CRM: Customer
515                                                           PB
      Relationship Management
      cross-borrow; internal        交叉借款;内部借
516                                                          SOA
      borrowing                     款
517   cross-borrowing                                         PB
518   cross-cutting                                          FFD
519   crowd out (to -)                                       FFD
      CTT = currency                货币交换税
520                                                          FFD
      transaction tax (Tobin tax)   (托宾税)
521   culture                       思维方式                      5C
522   cumulative surplus                                      PB
523   currencies                    货币                       SOA
524   currency fluctuation          币值波动                      BP
525   currency peg                                           FFD
                                经常帐户·往来帐
526 Current account balance                                  FFD
                                户节余
                                经常帐户结余;往
527   current account balances                               DRPA
                                来帐户结余
528   Current account deficit                                FFD
529   current account deficits  经常账户逆差                       DRPA
530   Current account surplus                                FFD
      current and future ASHI
531   liabilities of the United                              ASHI
      Nations
532   current assets            流动资产                        FR, BOA
      current in their payments
533                             不拖欠联合国摊款                     SOA
      to the United Nations
534   current service costs                                  ASHI
535   Current trading volume                                 FFD
536   current transfers         经常收入                         SOA
537   current value             现值                          FR, BOA
      current with their
                                已履行其义务(的
538   obligations, Member                                    SOA
                                会员国)
      States
539   custodian                 管理人                         FR, BOA
                                照看;保管;监护
540   custody (of property)                                 FR, BOA
                                ;
541   customized services       特定服务                          5C
542   customs valuation         海关估价                         FFD
543   cut-off date              截止日期                         DRPA
                                    Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese              Remark               Categor
                                                                                       y
      DAC = Development
                                        发展援助委员会(
544   Assistance Committee                                                           FFD
                                        发援委)
      (OECD)
      DAI = debt-adjusted               按债务调整后的收
545                                                                                  SOA
      income                            入
      Dakar Global Initiative on
546                                                                                  FFD
      Education
      DAM=Department of
547   Administrative                    行管部                                           5C
      Management
      Data reliability, availability,
548   comparability and                                                              COC
      simplicity
      date of issuance of the
549                                     缴款通知发出之日                                     SOA
      assessments
      DBA = debt-burden
550                                     债务调整                                         SOA
      adjustment
      DDSMS = Dept. for
551   Development Support and           发展支管部                                         5C
      Management Services
552   dealer*                                                                        FFD
      Death and disability              死亡抚恤金,伤残
553                                                                                   5C
      benefits                          津贴
                                        结欠总额;
554 debit balance                                                                   FR, BOA
                                        借方余额
555 Debt burden adjustment              债务负担调整                                       COC
556 debt buy-back                       债务回购                                         DRPA
557 debt campaigners                                                                 FFD
                                        债款最高数额(限
558 debt ceiling (limit)                                                            FR, BOA
                                        额)
559 debt commitment                     债款承付                                        FR, BOA
560 debt contracts                                                                   FFD
                                        债换权益,债换股
561 debt equity conversion                                                           FFD
                                        权
                                        债务资金筹措,借
562 debt financing                                                                   FFD
                                        债筹资
563 Debt flow                           债务流量办法                                       COC
                                                    approach based on actual
564 debt flow                           债务流量        principal repayments in debt-    SOA
                                                    burden adjustment
565   debt forgiveness                  债务减免                                         DRPA
566   debt forgiveness                                                               FFD
567   debt indicators                   债务指标                                         DRPA
568   debt level (advisable)            (建议)债务水平                                    FR, BOA
569   debt maturities                   还债期                                          FFD
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese                 Remark                   Categor
                                                                                          y
570 debt relief                   债务宽减                                                   SOA
                                  债务偿还期重新安
571 debt rescheduling                                                                   FFD
                                  排
      debt rescheduling or        重订还债期或重组
572                                                                                     DRPA
      restructuring               债务
573   debt restructuring          债务的结构调整                                               FFD
574   debt roll-over              债务展期                                                 FR, BOA
575   debt securities             债券                                                    DRPA
576   debt service                偿还债务                                                  SOA
      debt servicing (interest,
577                               偿债(还本付息)                                             FR, BOA
      repayment)
578   Debt stock                  债务总额                                                  COC
                                                  all elements of debt, including
579 debt stock                    债务总额            principal and debt service
                                                                                        SOA

580 debt stock reduction          削减债务                                                  DRPA
581 debt sustainability           债务承受力                                                 DRPA
    Debt sustainability
582                               债务承受能力分析                                              DRPA
    analysis
    debt sustainability           债务承受能力临界
583                                                                                     DRPA
    threshold                     值
    debt to exports in net
                                  债务对于净现值出
    present value terms (150
584                               口150%的临界比                                             DRPA
    per cent threshold ratio
                                  率
    of)
585 debt workout mechanism        债务结构调整机制                                              FFD
586 debt write-off                注销债务                                                  FFD
587 debt-adjusted income          按债务调整的收入                                              SOA
                                           employed in the scale of
588 debt-burden approach          债务负担调整办法 assessments for the period                   SOA
                                           1995-1997
589   Debt-equity swap            债务股权交换                                                FFD
590   debtor                      债务人                                                  FR, BOA
591   debtors and creditors       债务国和债权人                                               DRPA
592   debt-service insurance      偿债保险                                                  FFD
593   debt-servicing problems     偿还债务                                                  DRPA
594   debt-to-export ratio        债务对出口比率                                               DRPA
                                                  At the decision point, the
                                                  Executive Boards of the IMF
595 Decision Point                决定点             and World Bank will formally
                                                                                        DRPA
                                                  decide on a country's eligibility.
596   default                     不履行偿债责任                                               DRPA
597   default                                                                           FFD
598   deferred charges            递延费用                                                 FR, BOA
599   deferred income account     递延收益账户                                               FR, BOA
600   deficit financing           赤字筹资                                                  FFD
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                  Chinese    Remark   Categor
                                                               y
      defined-contribution
601                                                          FFD
      scheme
602   delayed deployment factor                               PB
603   delayed growth                                          PB
604   delayed impact                                          PB
605   delayed recruitment factor                              PB
606   delegation of authority                                 PB
607   delinquent                    拖欠;逾期                   FR, BOA
608   delivery of outputs                                     PB
609   Department                    部                         5C
      Department of Safety and
610                                 安全和安保部                    BP
      Security
611   Dependency allowance          抚养津贴                      5C
612   derivative instrument         衍生工具                     FFD
613   DESA                          经社事务部                     5C
614   deserving HIPCs               合格重债穷国                   FFD
615   desirable ranges                                        PB
616   Desirable ranges, the         理想幅度                      5C
617   system of
      Deterioration in liquidity    流动性恶化                   FR, BOA
618   develop institutions (to -)                            FFD
619   development (human                                      PB
620   resources) Committee
      Development                   发展委员会                    DRPA
621   Development Round of                                   FFD
      negotiations
      Developpement
622                                                          FFD
      Committee
      DFID = Department for
623   International Development                              FFD
      (UK)
      DGAACS department of
                                    大会事务和会议事
624   general assembly affairs                                5C
                                    务部,会议部
      and conference services
      DHA department of
625                                 人道事务部                     5C
      humanitarian affairs
626   difference                    差值                       COC
627   digital divide (bridge the)   数字鸿沟                     FFD

628 Disaster Mitigation Branch 减灾处                            5C

629   disaster recovery (ICT)                                 PB
630   disaster recovery plan        灾难恢复计划                  FR, BOA
631   Disaster Relief               救灾协调员                     5C
632   Coordinator voucher
      disbursement                  付款凭单                    FR, BOA
633   discharge liabilities         解除债务                    FR, BOA
634   disclaimer of opinion                                 FR, BOA
635   disclosure                    公布;泄漏                   FR, BOA
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.            English                 Chinese       Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
636   discontinuation                                           PB
637   discontinued outputs                                      PB
638   Discontinuity                  不连续性问题                    COC
639   discount rate                                            ASHI
                                     贴现率(银行利率
640 discount rate (bank rate)                                 FR, BOA
                                     )
641 discounted cash flow             现金流量现值                   FR, BOA
                                     差异;分歧;不符
642 discrepancies                                             FR, BOA
                                     实情;矛盾
643   discretionary output                                      PB
644   disfigurement                                            FFD
645   disincentive                   抑制措施                      FFD
646   disincentive effect            抑制作用                      SOA
647   disincentive measures          惩罚措施                      COC
      disincentive measures or
648                                  惩罚措施或制裁                   SOA
      sanctions
649   disposal                       出售; 处理                   FR, BOA
650   disposal of property                                      PB
651   disposition of assets, of      资产处置                     FR, BOA
652   non-expendables (final)
      disturbance                                              FFD
                                     剥夺资产;强制过
653 divestiture                                               FR, BOA
                                     户
654   Dividend                       股息                         5C
655   do more with less                                         PB
656   document retrieval system      文件检索系统                   FR, BOA
657   documentary evidence           书面证据                     FR, BOA
658   domestic policy makers                                   FFD
      domestic resource
659                                                            FFD
      mobilization
660   double counting                重复计算                      SOA
661   double-entry accounting        复式会计                     FR, BOA
      Downscaling (existing
662   financial institutions offer                             FFD
      microfinance services)

      downward reclassification,
663                                                             PB
      downgrading
    draft pension directive
664                                                            FFD
    (EU)
665 draw on the market (to -)                                  FFD
    driver’s seat (to be in the -
666                               作主                           FFD
    )
                           Terms Of Finance
No.          English            Chinese                 Remark                 Categor
                                                                                  y
                                              a contingent-owned equipment
                                              reimburesement system where
                                              the troop-contributing country
667 Dry lease               干租赁               provides equipment to a peace-     5C
                                              keeping mission and the United
                                              Nations assumes responsibility
                                              for maintaining the equipment
      DSA: daily subsistence
668                                                                              PB
      allowance
669   DSC = direct support cost                                                  5C
      DSG = Deputy Secretary-
670                                常务副秘书长                                        BP
      General
      DSS: Department of
671                                                                              PB
      Safety and Security
672   due                          应付                                           SOA
                                   职业审慎;应有注
673   due care                                                                 FR, BOA
                                   意
674   duty station                 工作地点                                          BP
675   duty-free access (to grant)                                               FFD
676   earmarked                    专用(捐款)                                      FR, BOA
                                   指定、指拨、指定
677   earmarking                                                                FFD
                                   用途
      EBA: Enterprise
678                                                                              PB
      Budgeting Application
679   ECA                          非洲经委会                                         5C
680   ECE                          欧经委会                                          5C
681   ECLAC                        拉加经委会                                         5C
682   ECM: Enterprise Content                                                    PB
      Management
      Economic information
683                                经济信息系统                                       COC
      system (IMF),
684   economies in transition      转型期经济体                                       DRPA
685   Economies of scale           规模效益                                          5C
686   EDP                          电子数据处理                                        5C
687   EDP = electronic data        电子数据处理                                      FR, BOA
688   processing
      Effect of extreme values 极值效应                                              5C
689   efficiency gains                                                           PB
690   Efficiency gains             效率增益                                          5C
691   efficiency measures                                                        PB
      Efficiency of the
      administrative and           行政和财政业务效
692                                                                              5C
      financial functioning of the 率
      UN
693   electronic publishing                                                      PB
694   Electronic United Nations 电子联合国                                            5C
695   elements of the BP           预算进程环节                                        BP
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                 Chinese            Remark            Categor
                                                                               y
                                            A. Income measures B. Base
    elements of the                         period C. Conversion rates D.
                                            Debt-burden adjustment E. Low
    methodology for the            今后编制分摊比额 per capita income adjustment
696                                                                          SOA
    preparation of future          表的方法要素   F. Floor G. Ceilings H.
    scales of assessments                   Scheme of limits I. Annual
                                            recalculation
    elements of the scale          分摊比额表编制方
697                                                                          COC
    methodology                    法要素
698 eligibility criteria           合格标准                                      DRPA
699 eligibility criteria           资格标准                                      FFD
700 embedded call options          看涨期权、买权                                   FFD
                                   盗用(公款);监守
701 embezzlement                                                            FR, BOA
                                   自盗;贪污
702 embezzlement                                                             FFD
    Emergency Relief
703                                                                           PB
    Coordinator
    Emergency Relief
704                                紧急救灾协调员                                    5C
    Coordinator
    emerging-market
705                                新生市场经济                                    DRPA
    economies
    emphasis of matter /
706                                                                         FR, BOA
    concern paragraph
707 empower (to -)                                                           FFD
    enabling force of the
708                                                                          FFD
    market
    end of service accrued
709                                                                          ASHI
    benefit liabilities
710 end-of-service benefits        服务终了津贴                                   FR, BOA
711 enforceability                                                           FFD
                                   扩充后的重债穷国
                                   倡议;
712 enhanced HIPC Initiative                                                 DRPA
                                   增加优惠的重债穷
                                   国倡议
                                   增加优惠的重债穷
713 enhanced HIPC Initiative                                                 FFD
                                   国倡议
      Enhanced Structural          扩充的结构调整贷
714                                                                          FFD
      Adjustment Facility (IMF)    款办法
715   enter into commitments                                                  PB
      enterprise network
                                   联合国系统网络基
716   infrastructure, United                                                  BP
                                   础设施
      Nations
717   enterprise network project                                              PB
718   Entitlements                 应享权利                                       5C
719   entitlements                 权利                                       FR, BOA
                               Terms Of Finance
No.           English                Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                              y
                                   企业家精神、创业
720 entrepreneurship                                        FFD
                                   精神
                                   帐户登录;
721 entries                                                FR, BOA
                                   登帐(记帐)
722 entry-level posts                                        PB
    Entry-level Professional
723                                起职专业人员                    5C
    staff
    environmental tax on
724                                航空燃料环境税                  FFD
    aviation fuel
725 environment-friendly           对环境无害                    FFD
726 Episodic work                  零星工作                      5C
    equalize the ratio of
727 cumulative allocations (to -                            FFD
    )
728 equipment reserve              设备储备金                   FR, BOA
729 Equities                       有价证卷                      5C
730 equity                         股票、股权                    FFD
731 equity financing               股票筹资                     FFD
732 equity investment              股票投资                     FFD
    ERM: enterprise risk
733                                                          PB
    management (framework)
    ERP system: Enterprise
734 Resource Planning                                        PB
    system

      ERP: Enterprise Resource
735                                                         ASHI
      Planning (system)
736 ESAF                                                    FFD
    ESB = Economic
737                                经济统计处                    SOA
    Statistics Branch
738 escrow account                 代管账户                    FR, BOA
739 ESCWA                          西亚经社会                     5C

    established and temporary 经常预算下核定的
740 posts authorized for the  两年期常设和临时                       BP
    biennium                  员额
741   established posts            常设员额                      BP
742   established posts                                      PB
743   E-STARS                                                PB
744   estimate                     估计数                       BP
745   estimated expenditures                                 PB
746   estimated requirements                                 PB
747   estimates                                              PB
748   Estimates                    估计数; 概算                   5C
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                 Chinese               Remark             Categor
                                                                                   y
749   Ethics Office                                                               PB
750   Euro zone                    欧元区                                          FR, BOA
751   evasion of taxes             逃税                                            FFD
752   evidence procedures                                                       FR, BOA
                                   事后核准个案;
                                   approval of
753 Ex post facto cases                                                           5C
                                   contracts on an ex
                                   post facto basis
      exceptional and
754                                                                              COC
      extraordinary
755   excess level                                                              FR, BOA
      excessive and intrusive      过度和过细地设定
756                                                                              DRPA
      conditionality               条件
      exchange losses netted
757                                收入扣除汇兑损失                                     FR, BOA
      off against income
758   excise                       货物税                                           FFD
759   executing agencies           执行机构                                         FR, BOA
760   Executive Board (IMF)                                                      FFD
      Executive Committee on
761   Economic and Social                                                        FFD
      Affairs (UN)
      executive direction and
762                                行政领导和管理                                        BP
      management
763   Executive Director (IMF)                                                   FFD
      Executive Management
764                                                                               PB
      Committee
      Executive Management
765                                                                               PB
      Group (DM)
766   Executive Office                                                            PB
767   Executive Office of the SG                                                  PB
768   executive powers                                                            PB

                                             Article 19 provides for Member
                                             States to be permitted to vote
                                             despite falling under its
      exemption under Article      根据宪章第19条提 provisions when the General
769                                                                              SOA
      19 of the Charter            出 的豁免请求   Assembly is satisfied that the
                                             failure of a Member State to pay
                                             is due to conditions beyondits
                                             control

770 Ex-gratia payment              惠给金                                            5C
771 ex-gratia payments             惠给金                                          FR, BOA
772 exigency                       紧急需要                                         FR, BOA
                          Terms Of Finance
No.          English           Chinese                  Remark                   Categor
                                                                                    y
                                             an exceptional compelling and
                                             emergent need, not resulting
                                             from poor planning or from
                                             concerns over the availability of
773 Exigency (needs)       紧急需要              funds, that will lead to serious
                                                                                   5C
                                             damage, loss or injury to
                                             property or persons if not
                                             addressed immediately

      exit from the rescheduling 脱离了重订还债期
774                                                                               DRPA
      process                      过程
775   exit stock agreement         脱离债务的协议                                        DRPA
776   exogenous shocks             外生冲击                                           DRPA
      expected
777                                预期成绩                                            BP
      accomplishments
      expected
778                                                                                PB
      accomplishments
      Expected
779                                预期成绩                                            5C
      accomplishments
780   expected income              预期收入                                          FR, BOA
781   expendable                   消耗性(设备)                                       FR, BOA
782   expenditure                  支出                                              BP
783   expenditure report           支出报告                                          FR, BOA
784   expenditures incurred                                                        PB
785   export earnings              出口收入                                           DRPA
786   export earnings                                                             FFD
      extend debt maturities (to -
787                                                                               FFD
      )
788   external audit               外部审计                                          FR, BOA
789   External debt crisis         外债危机                                           DRPA
790   External debt situation      外债状况                                           DRPA
791   external environment         外部环境                                           DRPA
792   external factors             外部因素                                            BP
793   external financing           外资筹措                                           DRPA
794   external liabilities         外债                                             DRPA
795   external shocks              外部震荡                                           DRPA
796   externalities                外部因素                                           FFD
797   extrabudgetary resources 预算外资源                                               BP
                                             The process of estimating the
                                             value of a quantity beyond the
                                             limits of known values by
798 extrapolation          外推法               assuming that the rate or
                                                                                  SOA
                                             system of change between the
                                             last few known values continues
799 face value             面值                                                     FFD
800 facility               业务、机制                                                  FFD
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
    FACS (Field Assets
801                                外地资产管制系统                     5C
    Control System)
    FACS = Field Assets
802                                外地资产管制系统                     5C
    Control System
    FACS = Field Assets
803                                外地资产管制系统                   FR, BOA
    Control System
                                   概况介绍;情况报
804 fact sheet                                                FR, BOA
                                   道
      fair burden-sharing
                                   使公营部门和私营
      between public and
                                   部门、债权国和债
805   private sectors and                                      DRPA
                                   务国及投资者之间
      between debtors, creditors
                                   公平分担负担
      and investors
806   fair presentation (make a)   (进行)公平表述                   FR, BOA
807   fairness                     公平性                        FR, BOA
      FALD field administration
808                                外勤司; 后勤司                     5C
      and logistics division
      FASAB = Financial
809   Accounting Standards                                    FR, BOA
      Advisory Board
      FATF = Financial Action
                                   洗钱问题财务行动
810   Task Force on Money                                      FFD
                                   工作队
      Laundering (OECD)
      FDCF = Financial
811   Development Challenge                                    FFD
      Fund
      FDI = foreign direct
812                                外国直接投资                      FFD
      investment
813   fee cap                      收费上限                       FR, BOA
814   fees                         收费; 手续费; 规费                FR, BOA
                                   研究金学员;
815 fellow (UNITAR)                                           FR, BOA
                                   受训人员
816 Fellowship                     研究金                          5C
    FIAS = Foreign
817 Investment Advisory            外国投资咨询服务                    FFD
    Service
    FICSA = federation of
                                   国际公务员协会联
818 international civil service                                 5C
                                   合会
    associations
819 field allotment controls       外地拨款控制                     FR, BOA
820 field committees               实地委员会                        5C
821 Field connectivity             外地连接                         5C
822 Field office                   外地办事处                        5C
823 Field Service                  外勤人员                         BP
                               Terms Of Finance
No.             English              Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                              y
824 Field service                  外勤事务                      5C
825 field service category         外勤事务人员职类                  5C
826 field standards                外地准则                    FR, BOA
                                   外地工作;实地工
827 field work                                             FR, BOA
                                   作
828   finalize accounts                                    FR, BOA
829   financial accountability     财务责任                    FR, BOA
830   financial audit              财务审计                    FR, BOA
831   financial channel                                     FFD
832   financial disclosure                                   PB
      Financial Information
833                                                          PB
      Operations Service
      financial integrity of the   布雷顿森林机构的
834                                                         DRPA
      Bretton Woods institutions   财务健全
835   financial position           财务状况                    FR, BOA
836   Financial Regulations                                  PB
837   Financial Regulations        财务条例和细则                 FR, BOA
838   Financial report             财务报告                      5C
      financial reporting,
839                                财务报告                    FR, BOA
      financial report
840   Financial Rules                                        PB
841   Financial Rules              财务细则                    FR, BOA
842   financial statements         财务报表                    FR, BOA
843   financing item                                         PB
      FINCA = Foundation for       国际社区援助基金
844   International Community      会                        FFD
      Assistance                   (社援基金会)
                                   定论;
845 findings                       [国际法庭]裁定;               FR, BOA
                                   (审计)结果
846 First approximation            第一近似值                    COC
847 first approximation            第一近似值                    SOA
848 first call (to be the -)       当务之急                     FFD
                                   财政、预算、会计
849 fiscal                                                  FFD
                                   (年度)
      fiscal and monetary          财政紧缩和银根紧
850                                                         DRPA
      tightening                   缩的政策
851   fiscal sustainability                                 FFD
852   fiscal year                  会计年度                    FR, BOA
853   fixed assets                 固定资产                    FR, BOA
854   fixed assets                 固定资产                     SOA
855   fixed capital                固定资本                     SOA
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                  Chinese             Remark   Categor
                                                                        y
      fixed parity between the
                                   比索与美元的固定
856   peso and the United                                             SOA
                                   比价
      States dollar
857   fixed-price” contract        “固定价格”合同                          FR, BOA
858   flat annual fee percentage   定额年费百分数                            SOA
859   flat charge                  统一收费                               FFD
860   flat rate                    定额                                  5C
861   FLB                                                            FR, BOA
                                   弗莱明原则(用来
      Fleming Principle (for       确定一般事务人员
862                                和其他当地征聘工                            5C
      general services)
                                   作人员服务条件的
                                   基础)
863 flight capital                 外逃资本                               FFD
                                   可以在减少贫穷促
    floating additional
                                   进增长信贷额度方
864 tranches” in PRGF                                                 DRPA
                                   案中“浮动更多的
    programmes
                                   份额”
      floating” Completion
865                                “浮动”完成点        not time bound      DRPA
      Points
      floor rate (minimum
866                                下限                                 SOA
      assessment rate)
867   flowchart                    流程图                               FR, BOA
      FMIP = financial
868   management                   财务管理改善方案                            5C
      improvement programme
      FMSS financial
                                   财务管理和支助事
869   management and support                                           5C
                                   务处
      service of FALD
                                   离岸价格;
870 FOB free on board                                                FR, BOA
                                   船上交货价格
871   focus areas                                                    FR, BOA
872   food safety                  食品安全                               FFD
873   food security                粮食安全、保障                            FFD
874   foodstuffs                                                      FFD
875   foot the bill (to -)         付账                                 FFD
      for all funds and
876                                                                    PB
      programmes
      force of international law
877                                                                   FFD
      (with - )
878   foreign exchange             外汇                                 FFD
879   foreign exchange market                                         FFD
880   foreign exchange receipts                                       FFD
881   foreign exchange trader                                         FFD
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                          y
      foreign exchange
882                                                                                     FFD
      transaction
883   foreign exposure               外债                                                 DRPA
884   foreign public official        外国公职人员                                             FFD
885   foreword                                                                           PB
886   forfeiture                     没收                                                 FFD
887   format                                                                             PB
888   Formed police units            建制警察部队                                              5C
                                                    cost-effectiveness and
                                                    efficiency; safety and security;
      four criteria for                             maintaining the international
889                                                 character of the Organization;
                                                                                         5C
      outsourcing
                                                    and maintaining the integrity of
                                                    procedures and process
890 frame-agreements                                                                   FR, BOA
                                     欺诈;欺诈行为;
891 fraud                                                                              FR, BOA
                                     欺骗
892 freight-forwarding agent                                                           FR, BOA
    front-loading” of debt relief
                                     从决定点开始减免
893 from Decision Point                                                                 DRPA
                                     债务
    onwards
894 FS: Field Service                                                                    PB
    FSAP = Financial Sector
895 Assessment Program               金融部门评估方案                                           FFD
    (IMF)
    FSF = Financial Stability
896                                  金融市场稳定论坛                                           FFD
    Forum*
897 FSL = field service level        外勤人员职等                                              5C
    FSO: Field Security
898                                                                                      PB
    Officer
899 full accrual accounting                                                             ASHI
900 Full costing of posts            员额全部成本计算                                            5C
901 full disclosure                  全面公布                                              FR, BOA
902 full funding                                                                        ASHI
903 full resource provision                                                              PB
904 fund the (actuarial) liability                                                      ASHI
905 fundamentals                     基本原理                                               FFD
906 funded liability                                                                    ASHI
907 funded pension system*                                                              FFD
    funding documents under          根据委托权限签发
908                                                                                      BP
    delegated authority              供资文件
909 funds monitoring tool            基金监测工具                                            FR, BOA
910 furniture and equipment          家具和设备                                               BP
911 futures market                   期货市场                                               FFD
                               Terms Of Finance
No.           English             Chinese                Remark                       Categor
                                            inclusion of equitable                       y
                                            geographical distribution in
                                            para. 22, section V of Res.
                                            53//221 would deny some staff
                                            (e.g. from over-represented
912 G to P examination                      countries)promotion by reason
                                                                                        5C
                                            of nationality) (sit for, succeed
                                            in) Res. 33/143 1978; a
                                            promotion exercise rather than
                                            recruitment
913 gains with a long time                                                             FFD
    fuse = government
    GCCC
914 counterpart cash       政府对应现金捐助                                                     5C
    contribution
    GDF=Global Development
915                        全球发展金融                                                      COC
    Finance
916 GDP                    国内总产值                                                       SOA


                                            In most systems of National Accounts
                                            the GDP deflator measures the
                                            difference between the real (or chain
                                            volume measure) GDP and the nominal
                                            (or current price) GDP. The formula
                                            used to calculate the deflator is: GDP
                                            Deflator = nominal GDP/real GDPX100.
                                            Dividing the nominal GDP by the GDP
                                            deflator would then give the figure for
                                            real GDP, hence deflating the nominal
                                            GDP into a real measure. Unlike a price
                                            index, the GDP deflator is not based on
                                            a fixed basket of goods and services.
                                            The basket is allowed to change with
917 GDP deflator index         平减指数         people's consumption and investment
                                                                                       SOA
                                            patterns. Therefore, new expenditure
                                            patterns are allowed to show up in the
                                            deflator as people respond to changing
                                            prices. However, the disadvantage of
                                            this approach is that the GDP deflator
                                            measures changes in both prices and
                                            the composition of the basket, and so
                                            should not be used as a measure of
                                            pure price changes in the economy. In
                                            practice the difference between the
                                            deflator and a price index on the same
                                            set of goods and services is relatively
                                            small.



      GEF = Global
918                            全球环境基金                                                  FFD
      Environment Facility
919   gender sensitive                                                                 FFD
920   gender-budget analysis                                                           FFD
921   General Council (WTO)    总理事会                                                    FFD
922   general ledger           总分类账                                                   FR, BOA
                               Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                              y
      general operating
923                                一般业务费                     BP
      expenses
      general operating
924                                                          PB
      expenses
      General operating
925                                一般业务费                     5C
      expenses
926   General Purpose Fund                                 FR, BOA
      General Review of Quotas
927                                份额总审查                    FFD
      (IMF)
      general Service (other       一般事务(其他职
928                                                          BP
      level) posts                 等)员额
      general Service (Principal   一般事务人员(特
929                                                          BP
      level)                       等)
      General Service and
930                                                          PB
      related staff
931   General services category    一般事务人员职类                  5C
      General temporary
932                                一般临时助理                    5C
      assistance (GTA)
933   geographic desk team                                   PB
      GFMV generic fair market
934                                通用公平市价                    5C
      value
      global access control
935                                                          PB
      system
      global commons* (SG’s
936                                全球公域                     FFD
      initiative)
937   Global Compact               全球协约                     FFD
938   global contracts             全面合同                    FR, BOA
939   Global Council                                        FFD
      Global Development
940                                国际发展金融                   COC
      Finance(World Bank)
      Global Environment
941                                                         FFD
      Organisation
      Global Fund for HIV/AIDS
942                                                         FFD
      and Health
      Global fund for HIV/AIDS,
943                                                         FFD
      TB and malaria
944   Global governance deficit                             FFD
      Global Network for
945                                                         FFD
      Banking Innovation
      global procurement
946                                全球采购规划进程                FR, BOA
      planning process
947   Global Water Partnership*    全球水事伙伴关系                 FFD
948   Globalization Summit                                  FFD
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English              Chinese             Remark                Categor
                                                                                 y
      GNDI = Gross National
949                              可支配国民总收入                                      SOA
      Disposable Income
                                              the concept of gross national
                                              product (GNP) in the 1968 SNA
      GNI = gross national
950                              国民总收入        has been renamed gross           SOA
      income                                  national income (GNI) in the
                                              1993 SNA
951 GNI GNI                      国民总收入                                         COC
952 GNP                          国民生产总值                                        COC
                                              GDP + net factor income from
953 GNP                          国民总产值        the rest of the world
                                                                               SOA

954   governance                                                               FFD
955   Governing board                                                          FFD
956   governing bodies           理事机构                                         FR, BOA
957   government auditor         政府审计人员                                       FR, BOA
958   government official                                                      FFD
      GPG = global public
959                              全球公益物                                         FFD
      goods
960   grade                                                                     PB
961   grade creep                                                               PB
962   Gradient                   梯度                                            COC
963   gradient                   梯度                                            SOA
      graduate from IDA          不再须要向国际开
964                                                                            FFD
      borrowing (to -)           发协会借款
965   grant                                                                     PB
966   grant                      赠款;补助金                                       FR, BOA
967   Grants                     补助金                                            5C
968   grants and contributions   补助金和捐款                                         BP
      Gratis military officer
969                              免费提供军官                                         5C
      (GMO)
                                 第二类免费提供的
970 Gratis personnel, type II                                                   5C
                                 人员
971   greening the UN                                                           PB
972   Gross issues               发行量毛额                                         DRPA
973   gross national income      国民总收入                                         COC
974   gross receipts             收入总额                                         FR, BOA
975   GS = General Service       一般事务人员                                         BP
      GTA = general temporary
976                              一般临时助理人员                                       BP
      assistance
      GTA: general temporary
977                                                                             PB
      assistance
      Habitat UN Centre for      人居中心
978                                                                             5C
      Human Settlements          (人类住区中心)
979   hardship allowance                                                        PB
                                     Terms Of Finance
No.             English                  Chinese            Remark            Categor
                                                                                 y
       hardship classification (of
980                                                                             PB
       the duty station)
981    Haves and have-nots                                                     FFD
       hazardous duty station
982                                                                             PB
       allowance; hazard pay
       HCC Headquarters
983                                  总部合同委员会                                    5C
       Committee on Contracts
       Heavily Indebted Poor
984    Countries (HIPC) Debt         重债穷国倡议                                    FFD
       Initiative
985    hedged                                                                 FR, BOA
       High-level Panel on
986    Financing for                                                           FFD
       Development
       highly-leveraged
987                                  高度举债的交易                                   FFD
       transaction
988    High-yielding tax source                                                FFD
       HIPC (Heavily Indebted
989                                  重债穷国倡议                                    DRPA
       Poor Countries) Initiative
                                     已渡过重新安排债 need to assist HIPC graduates
990 HIPC ‘graduates’                                                           DRPA
                                     务阶段的重债穷国 with ongoing debt management
       HLCM High Level
                                     管理问题高级别委
991    Committee on                                                             5C
                                     员会
       Management
       HLCM: High-Level
992    Committee on                                                             PB
       Management
993    home country                  本国                                         5C
994    horizontal audits             横向审计                                     FR, BOA
995    hospitality                   招待费                                        BP
996    hot potato trading*                                                     FFD
       HPSB = Headquarters     总部财产调查委员
997                                                                           FR, BOA
       Property Survey Board   会
                               人力资源管理信息
998    HRMIS                                                                    5C
                               系统
       HS harmonized system of 商品统一分类(和
999                                                                             5C
       classification of goods 编码)制度
1000   hydrocarbon fuels                                                       FFD
       IAAC: Independent Audit
1001                                                                            PB
       Advisory Committee
       IAPSO = Inter-agency
1002   Procurement Services    采购处                                              5C
       Office
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese             Remark   Categor
                                                                        y
       IASB: International
1003   Accounting Standards                                           ASHI
       Board
       IASC = Inter-agency
1004                               机构间常设委员会                            5C
       Standing Committee
       IASC = International
                                   国际会计标准委员
1005   Accounting Standards                                          FR, BOA
                                   会
       Committee
       IATT = international air
1006                               国际空运税                              FFD
       transport tax
1007   IBRD =World Bank            世界银行                               FFD
       ICC: International
1008                                                                   PB
       Computing Centre
                                   公务员制度委员会
1009 ICSC est’d 1975                                                   5C
                                   ;
     ICT Board: Information
1010 and Communication                                                 PB
     Technology Board
1011 ICTFY                         南庭                                  5C
1012 IDA                                                              FFD
     IDA = International
1013                               国际开发协会                             FFD
     Development Association
     IDA =International            国际开发协会(开
1014                                                                  DRPA
     Development Association       发协会)
     IDB = Inter-american
1015                               美洲开发银行                             FFD
     Development Bank
     IFAC = International
1016                               国际会计师联合会                          FR, BOA
     Federation of Accountants
     IFAD = International Fund
1017 for Agricultural              国际农发基金                             FFD
     Development
     IFC = International
1018 Finance Corporation           国际金融公司                             FFD
     (IMF)
     IFRS: International
1019 Financial Reporting                                              ASHI
     Standards
     IFS = International
1020                               国际金融统计         source of MER’s     SOA
     Financial Statistics (IMF)
     IIA = Institute of Internal
1021                               内部审计员协会                           FR, BOA
     Auditors, Inc.
1022 ill-conceived programmes      考虑欠周到的方案                            BP
     ILMS = Integrated Library     图书馆综合管理系
1023                                                                 FR, BOA
     Management System             统
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese                 Remark                Categor
                                                                                       y
       IMDIS = Integrated
       Monitoring and             综合监测和文件信
1024                                                                                  BP
       Documentation              息系统
       Information System
       IMDIS: Integrated
       Monitoring and
1025                                                                                  PB
       Documentation
       Information System
       IMF Economic Information   货币基金经济信息
1026                                                                                 SOA
       System                     系统
       IMFC = International
                                  国际货币和金融委
1027   Monetary and Financial                                                        FFD
                                  员会
       Committee (IMF)
1028   IMIS                       综合管理信息系统                                          FR, BOA
       IMIS: Integrated
1029   Management Information                                                         PB
       System
     IMIS: integrated                      covers personnel management,
                                           post management, accounting,
1030 management information       综合管理信息系统 procurement, travel, payroll and           5C
     system                                budget execution
       immediate operational
1031                              作业急需                                              FR, BOA
       requirements (IOR)
       implementation (of
1032                                                                                  PB
       budget)
1033   implementing agencies                                                        FR, BOA
1034   implementing partners      执行伙伴                                              FR, BOA
1035   imposition of taxes                                                           FFD
                                                   The Board of Auditors had
1036 imprest (system)             定额备用金(制度)        qualified audit opinion on         5C
                                                   UNDP’s imprest accounts.
1037   imprest account (holder)   定额备用金账户                                           FR, BOA
1038   imprest cash accounts      定额备用金账户                                           FR, BOA
1039   improvement of premises    房地改建费                                               BP
1040   Improvement of premises    房地改建费                                               5C
                                  暂停不用的(闲置
1041 Inactive trust funds                                                             5C
                                  的)信托基金
1042 incentive measures           鼓励措施                                               COC
                                  (根据会员国付款
1043 incentive payments                                                              COC
                                  情况)支付奖金
                                                   based on the payment status of
1044 incentive payments           奖励性支付; 奖金 Member States                            SOA

     Incentives and               An effective S-
1045                                                                                  5C
     disincentives                curve regime
1046 incentives or rewards        鼓励措施或奖励                                            SOA
1047 incidental                   杂费;附带费用                                           FR, BOA
                                Terms Of Finance
No.             English            Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                   y
1048 inclusive                   包容                                               FFD
1049 income measures             收入衡量, 计量                                        SOA
1050 income recognition          收入列帐                                           FR, BOA
                                 收入折合(养恤金)
1051   Income replacement ratio                                                   5C
                                 率
1052   income tax                                                                FFD
1053   income-elasticity                                                         FFD
1054   incremental approach                                                       PB
1055   Incumbency                现职员额                                             5C
1056   incumbency rate                                                            PB
       incur costs in earning or
1057                                                                             FFD
       borrowing reserves (to)
1058   indebtedness (incur)                                                     FR, BOA
       Independent Audit
1059   Advisory Committee                                                         PB
       (IAAC)
1060   index point limits                                                        SOA
                                             Although there are conceptual
                                             and practical differences
                                             between proposals to charge
                                             interest on arrears and to index
                                             arrears, both types of proposal
                                             involve adding some sort of
                                             charge to outstanding assessed
1061 indexation of arrears      欠款指数化        contributions; indexed to
                                                                                 SOA
                                             inflation to compensate the
                                             Organization for its loss of
                                             purchasing power; arrears of
                                             assessed contributions should
                                             be subject to an interest charge
                                             or indexation
       indicative resource
1062                                                                              PB
       requirements
                                成果指标;成就指
1063 Indicator of achievement                                                     5C
                                数
1064 indicator of performance   业绩指数                                              5C
1065 indicators of achievement                                                    PB
1066 individual contractors                                                       PB
     ineffective, obsolete and 无效、过时和用处
1067                                                                              BP
     marginally useful outputs 不大的产出
                                  与非工作人员费用
1068 inflation in non-staff costs                                                 BP
                                  有关的通货膨胀
1069 Inflexion point              转折点                                            COC
     Information and
1070 Communication                                                                PB
     Technology Board
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                       y
1071 infusion (one-time)                                                             ASHI
     in-house printing and
1072 outsourcing, relative costs                                                      5C
     of
1073 Initial appropriations      原定经费                                                 5C
1074 input accounting system                                                          PB
1075 inputs                                                                           PB
                                 无力偿还;无偿债
1076 insolvent                                                                      FR, BOA
                                 能力
1077 installments                                                                   FR, BOA
1078 intangible assets*          无形资产                                                FFD
     Integrated Framework
1079 (WTO, World Bank, IMF, 综合框架                                                     FFD
     UNCTAD, UNDP, ITC)
1080 interactive web board                                                            PB
     Inter-agency Working        评价问题机构间工
1081                                                                                  5C
     Group on Evaluation         作组
1082 intercept                   截距                                                  SOA
1083 interest accrual            利息积累                                                FFD
                                 利息收益,
1084 interest income                                                                FR, BOA
                                 利息收入
1085 interest on arrears         对欠款收取利息                                             SOA
1086 interest rate spread        利息差幅                                                FFD
                                                 between the decision and
1087 interim relief                  临时宽减        completion points (IMF)
                                                                                     DRPA

       intermediate savings to (to
1088                                                                                 FFD
       -)
1089   internal oversight            内部监督                                             BP
       International Financial
1090                                 国际金融统计                                          SOA
       Statistics
       International Center for
                                     解决投资争端国际
1091   the Settlement of                                                             FFD
                                     中心
       Investment Disputes
       International Code of
                                     公职人员国际行为
1092   Conduct for Public                                                            FFD
                                     守则
       Officials
                                                 UN Statistical Office/University
     International Comparisons                   of Pennsylvania. Name
1093                           国际比较项目            changed to International
                                                                                     SOA
     Project
                                                 Comparison Programme (ICP)
     International Conference
     on Financing for         发展筹资问题国际
1094 Development (Monterrey, 会议(墨西哥蒙特                                                DRPA
     Mexico, 18-22 March      雷)
     2002)
                                Terms Of Finance
No.             English                  Chinese     Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
       International Council on     国际社会福利理事
1095                                                           FFD
       Social Welfare (NGO)         会
       International Development
1096   Association (World Bank      国际开发协会                     FFD
       Group)
       International Financial
1097                                国际金融统计                     COC
       Statistics (World Bank)
       international sovereign
                                    发展中国家欠私人
       debt of developing
1098                                债权者的国际主权                   DRPA
       countries owed to private
                                    债务
       creditors
       International Trade Centre
1099                                                           FFD
       (UNCTAD and WTO)
                                    1.部门间转账凭单
       interoffice vouchers         ;
1100                                                          FR, BOA
       (IOVs)                       2.[UNDP]办事处间
                                    账账凭单
1101 INTOSAI                                                   ASHI
     INTOSAI= International
                                    国际最高审计机构
1102 Organization of Supreme                                  FR, BOA
                                    组织
     Audit Institutions
1103 intrusive                      闯入性                        FFD
1104 inventory                      库存; 存量; 存货                FR, BOA
                                    盘存管制;物资管
1105 inventory control                                        FR, BOA
                                    理
1106   inventory discrepancy                                  FR, BOA
1107   inventory management         盘存管理                      FR, BOA
1108   inventory report             盘存报告                      FR, BOA
1109   Investigations Section       调查科                         5C
                                    Safety,
       Investment criteria:         profitability,
1110                                                            5C
       (pension fund)               liquidity,
                                    convertibility
       investment income earned
1111                                国外投资收入                     FFD
       abroad
       Investment Management
1112                                投资管理处                       5C
       Service
1113   Investment portfolio         投资证卷组合                      5C
1114   Investment returns           投资收益                        5C
1115   invitation to bid            招标单;招标书                   FR, BOA
1116   Invitation to bid, formal    正式招标书                       5C
1117   invitation to tender                                     5C
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese        Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
       IOR = immediate
1118   operational requirement      立即业务需要                       5C
       procedure
       IOSCO = International        国际证券管理委员
1119   Organization of Securities   会组织(证管委组                    FFD
       Commissions                  织)
       IPSAS International Public
1120   Sector Accounting                                        ASHI
       Standards
       IPSAS: International
1121   Public Sector Accounting                                  PB
       Standards
1122   irrecoverable                无法收回的                      FR, BOA
       Irregularities,
1123                                管理上的违规行为                     5C
       management
       ISA International
1124                                国际审计标准                     FR, BOA
       Standards on Auditing
       ISC (Indirect Support
1125                                                             5C
       Cost) rate
       ISCC Information             信息系统协调委员
1126                                                             5C
       Systems Coordination         会
       Committee
       ISCC: Information
1127   Systems Coordination                                      PB
       Committee
       ISTD Information
1128   Technology Services          信息技术事务司                      5C
       Division
1129   ITB = invitation to bid      正式招标书                        5C
1130   items of expenditure                                      PB
       ITO = International Tax
1131                                                            FFD
       Organisation
       ITSD information
1132   technology services          信息技术事务司                      5C
       division
       ITSD: Information and
1133   Technology Services                                       PB
       Division
       JDC = Joint Disciplinary
1134                                联合纪律委员会                      5C
       Committee
                                    联检组; DCI
1135 JIU = joint inspection unit                                 5C
                                    (Spanish)
1136 JIU: Joint Inspection Unit                                  PB
1137 job description                                             PB
1138 job descriptions               职务说明                         5C
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English               Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
       Joint Development
1139                               联合发展委员会                      FFD
       Committee (IMF-IBRD)
                                   联合检查组(联检
1140 Joint Inspection Unit                                     FR, BOA
                                   组)
1141 joint output                                                PB
1142 joint venture                 联合企业                         FFD
1143 jointly financed activities   合资办理的活动                       BP
                                   转账凭证;分录凭
1144 journal voucher                                           FR, BOA
                                   单
1145 journal voucher               凭单日记帐                       FR, BOA
                                   2000年免债欢庆组
1146 Jubilee 2000                                               FFD
                                   织、运动
1147 junior Professional levels    初级专业人员                        BP
1148 junior professionals                                        PB
1149 justification                                             FR, BOA
                                   一项主要的促进工
1150 key business enabler                                        5C
                                   作的工具
     Key Item Management
1151 Reporting System                                            PB
     (KIMRS)
1152 knowledge-sharing                                           PB
                                   滞后(一年),滞
1153 Lag(one-year time lag)                                     COC
                                   后时间
1154 Lateral moves                 同级调动                          5C
1155 law enforcement agency        执法机构                         FFD
     LCC Local Committee on
1156                               当地合同委员会                       5C
     Contracts
     LCS Logistics and
1157 Communications Service        后勤和支助事务处                      5C
     of FALD
1158 lead and manage change        领导和管理变革                       BP
1159 lead auditor                  主审计员                        FR, BOA
1160 lead organization             牵头组织                          5C
1161 lead role (to take a -)       牵头作用                         FFD
                                   筹备时间,周转时
1162 Lead time                                                   5C
                                   间
1163   leadership                                               FFD
1164   leadership (to provide -)                                FFD
1165   leapfrog (to -)                                          FFD
1166   leasing company                                          FFD
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese              Remark                 Categor
                                                                                     y
                                                Least squares is a method of
                                                approximating data by a
                                                function, dependent on a set of
                                                parameters, so that the error
                                                (which is the sum of squares of
                                                differences between data and
1167 least squares               最小二乘法          function) is minimized. The
                                                                                   SOA
                                                problem then is one of
                                                calculating the optimal set of
                                                parameters and is equivalent to
                                                solving a system of linear
                                                equations.
1168 least-bad policy mix        最不坏的政策配套                                          FFD
1169 ledger accounts             分类账                                              FR, BOA
1170 ledger entry, posting       过账                                               FR, BOA
1171 legal expenses              诉讼费                                               FFD
1172 legal person                法人                                                FFD
1173 legal proceedings           诉讼                                                FFD
1174 legal tender                法定货币                                             FR, BOA
1175 legislative authority                                                          PB
1176 legislative mandate                                                            PB
1177 legislative mandates        立法授权                                               BP
1178 lend into arrears (to -)    贷款给拖欠债务人                                          FFD
1179 Lender of last resort       最后借贷者                                             FFD
1180 Less indebted countries     轻度负债                                              COC
1181 Letter of assist (LOA)      协助通知书                                              5C
1182 level                                                                          PB
1183 leveraged (to be -) for                                                       FFD
1184 liabilities                                                                   ASHI
1185 liabilities                 负债                                               FR, BOA
1186 liability to pay taxes                                                        FFD
1187 liberty mileage             非公务里程数                                           FR, BOA
1188 limitation of scope                                                          FR, BOA
1189 limited assurance                                                            FR, BOA
1190 line budgeting                                                                 PB
1191 Line departments            实质性部门                                              5C
1192 line item                   细列项目                                               BP
1193 line item                                                                      PB
1194 line item                   预算款项                                              FFD
1195 liquidate cash assistance                                                    FR, BOA
1196 liquidated (not)                                                             FR, BOA
1197 liquidating                                                                  FR, BOA
     liquidation (of
1198                             清理结束                                             FR, BOA
     peacekeeping mission)
     Liquidation and
1199                             清理结束                                               5C
     termination
                                    Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese                Remark                  Categor
                                                                                          y
1200   liquidation document                                                            FR, BOA
1201   liquidation of assets                                                           FR, BOA
1202   liquidity position, rates    周转情况                                               FR, BOA
1203   literacy rate                                                                    FFD
       little to show for the
1204                                                                                    FFD
       borrowing
1205   live births                  活产、活胎                                               FFD
1206   LL: local level                                                                   PB
1207   LOA = letter of assist       协助通知书                                              FR, BOA
       local area network (LAN)
1208                                局域网服务机                                               BP
       servers
1209   local level                  当地雇用人员                                               BP
1210   location (of a post)                                                              PB
                                                     The programme narratives refer
                                                     to the logical framework
                                                     elements comprising the
1211 logical framework              逻辑框架             objectives of the Organization,     BP
                                                     expected accomplishments of
                                                     the Secretariat and the
                                                     indicators of achievement
       logical framework
1212                                                                                     PB
       (logframe)
1213   long-outstanding                                                                FR, BOA
       losses of cash and
1214                                                                                   FR, BOA
       receivables (write-off of)
       lower-income country (pci
1215                                                                                    FFD
       $1,500 to 2,000 a year)
       low-income country (pci
1216                                                                                    FFD
       $755 per year or less)
     low-income International          Partially creditworthy countries
                              国际复兴开发银行 with average annual per capita
     Bank for Reconstruction
1217                          /国际开发协会低 incomes below $885 could be                      DRPA
     and Development                   given a blend of IBRD loans
     (IBRD)/IDA blend country 收入国家     and IDA credits.
                                             a reduction of assessable
                                             national income for Member
                                             States whose per capita GNP
     LPCIA = Low per capita                  falls below thethreshold, which
                                    低人均收入宽减办 is the world average per capita
1218 income allowance (or                                                               SOA
                                    法, 调整    GNP; Some members
     adjustment)                             suggested that the permanent
                                             membersof the Security Council
                                             should not be eligible for the low
                                             percapita income adjustment
       LPCIA= Low per capita
1219                                低人均收入调整                                             COC
       income adjustment
                            Terms Of Finance
No.           English           Chinese        Remark   Categor
                                                           y
     Lump-sum commutations 整笔支付定期养恤
1220                                                      5C
     of periodic benefits     金
1221 lump-sum contract                                  FR, BOA
                              选择一次总付的款
1222 Lump-sum option                                      5C
                              项
1223 Machine scale            机算比额表                      COC
1224 machine scales           机算比额表                      SOA
     macroeconomic and
                              宏观经济和结构政
1225 structural policy reform                            DRPA
                              策改革方案
     programmes
1226 maintenance base                                     PB
     make claims on one’s
1227                                                     FFD
     insurance (to -)
1228 Malaria prophylaxis      疟疾预防                        5C
1229 malpractice              渎职                        FR, BOA
1230 managed assignment       管理外派                        5C
1231 Managed mobility system 管理下的调动制度                     5C
     management and support
1232                          管理和支助事务                     BP
     services
1233 management culture       管理文化                        BP
1234 management culture                                   PB
1235 management fees                                     FFD
                              (审计委员会)管理
1236 management letter                                  FR, BOA
                              信件
     Management
1237                                                      PB
     Performance Board
       management performance
1238                                                      PB
       reporting system
     management
1239                             管理责任                   FR, BOA
     responsibility
1240 Managing Director (IMF)                             FFD
1241 Managing Director of IMF 货币基金组织总裁                   DRPA
     mandated programmes
1242                                                      PB
     and activities
                                 员额表;人员配置
1243 Manning table                                        5C
                                 表
     MAP = Millenium
1244 Partnership for the African                         FFD
     Recovery Program
1245 Margin range                差额幅度                     5C
1246 marginal tax rate                                   FFD
     market and customer         划定市场和顾客的
1247                                                    FR, BOA
     allocation agreements       协议
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese                 Remark                Categor
                                                                                         y
       market exchange rates
1248                                市场汇率                                               COC
       (MERs)
1249   market-clearing levels                                                          FFD
1250   Master Record Keeper         总账管理人                                             FR, BOA
1251   matching funds                                                                   PB
1252   materiality level            重要程度                                              FR, BOA
1253   maturity                     到期                                                FR, BOA
       maximum assessment                           of 0.01 per cent, for the least
1254                                最高分摊比率          developed countries
                                                                                       SOA
       rate
       MDBs = multilateral
1255                                多边开发银行                                             FFD
       development banks
       MDG = Millenium
1256                                千年发展目标                                             FFD
       Development Goals
       MDGs= millennium
1257   development goals, attain,   实现千年发展目标                                           DRPA
       meet, achievement
                                    手段――目的角度
1258 means-end analysis                                                                 BP
                                    的分析。
       measured distribution of
1259                                                                                   FFD
       income
                                             Budgetary surpluses 2.
                                             Reimbursement of troop
                                             contributors 3. Incentive
     measures to encourage
                                    鼓励按时全额和无 payments and credits 4.
     the timely, full and                    Redeemable peacekeeping
1260                                条件缴付分摊会费 certificates 5. Interest on or            SOA
     unconditional payment of
                                    的措施      indexation of arrears 6.
     assessed contributions
                                             Ineligibility for election 7.
                                             Recruitment and procurement
                                             8. Multi-year payment plans
1261 Mediation Support Unit                                                             PB
1262 member States in arrears 欠款会员国                                                    SOA
     MER = market exchange
1263                          市场汇率                                                     FFD
     rate
                                                    (a) market rates, determined
                                                    largely by market forces; (b)
                                                    official rates, determined by
       MER = market exchange                        government authorities; and (c)
1264                                市场汇率            principal rates, where
                                                                                       SOA
       rates used by IMF
                                                    appropriate, including for
                                                    countries maintaining multiple
                                                    exchange rate arrangements
1265 MER valuation index            市场汇率估价指数                                           SOA
     MERs= market exchange
1266                                市场汇率                                               COC
     rates
1267 MER-valuation index            市场汇率估价指数                                           COC
1268 metadata                       元数据                                                 5C
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                                                       y
       MIC = Middle-Income
1269                                                                                 FFD
       Countries
1270   microfinance borrower                                                         FFD
       Microfinance Rating and
1271                                                                                 FFD
       Assessment Fund
       MIGA = Multilateral
       Investment Guarantee
1272                           多边投资担保机构                                              FFD
       Agency (FMI/World Bank
       Group)
1273   minimalist approach     最低纲领的方法                                               DRPA
1274   minimum assessment rate 最低分摊比率   of 0.001 per cent                            SOA
       minimum capital
1275                                                                                 FFD
       requirements (banks)
                               危地马拉核查团军
1276   MINUGUA                                                                        5C
                               事观察组
1277   MINURSO                 西撒特派团                                                  5C
1278   misappropriation        挪用公款                                                 FR, BOA
1279   misappropriation        挪用公款                                                  FFD
1280   miscellaneous income                                                           PB
1281   mission statement                                                              PB
1282   misstatement            错报                                                   FR, BOA
                                                to take account of other relevant
                                                factors, such as the temporary
                                                dislocation of national
                                                economies arising out of the
                                                Second World War and other
1283 mitigation                  纾缓             wars, difficulties in securing
                                                                                     SOA
                                                foreign exchange, natural
                                                disasters and excessive rate
                                                variations between successive
                                                scales
1284 mixed blessing                                                                  FFD
     Mobility and hardship       调动和艰苦条件津
1285                                                                                  5C
     allowance                   贴
1286 mock-up budget                                                                   PB
     Moderately indebted
1287                             中度负债                                                COC
     countries
     MODs = miscellaneous
1288                             杂项承付费用文件                                           FR, BOA
     obligating documents
1289 monitoring and evaluation   监测和评价                                                BP
1290 Monterrey Consensus         《蒙特雷共识》                                             DRPA
1291 MONUA                       联安观察团                                                5C
1292 MONUC                       联刚观察团                                                5C
1293 Morally compelling                                                              FFD
     more versatile and multi-   具备更多种能力和
1294                                                                                  BP
     skilled staff               技能的职工队伍
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese              Remark                  Categor
                                                                                      y
1295 motor gasoline                                                                  FFD
     move up the development
1296                                                                                FFD
     ladder (to)
1297 Movement control            调度                                                  5C
     movement of natural
1298                                                                                FFD
     persons
     MPA = Micro-credit
1299                                                                                FFD
     Promotion Agency
     MPB: Management
1300                                                                                 PB
     Performance Board
     MPS = material product
1301                             物产制                                                SOA
     system
     MSA mission subsistence     特派团(任务)生
1302                                                                                 5C
     allowance                   活津贴
     MSA: mission subsistence
1303                                                                                 PB
     allowance
     MTA = multilateral trade
1304                                                                                FFD
     agreement
                                                main planning and
                                                programming instrument,
                                                developed mainly to guide the
1305 MTP = Medium-Term Plan 中期计划                shift of the United Nations from     BP
                                                an object-of-expenditure budget
                                                to a programme budget
                                                approach in 1974
1306 MTP medium-term plan        中期计划                                                5C
1307 Multi-Fibre Arrangement     多边纤维安排                                             FFD
1308 multi-year payment plans    多年付款计划                                             COC
     multi-year payment plans
1309                             多年缴款计划                                             SOA
     (voluntary or negotiated)
1310 mutual assistance           互助                                                 FFD
1311 narrative                                                                       PB
1312 national execution          国家执行                                                5C
1313 National Officer                                                                PB
1314 National Officer posts      本国干事员额                                              BP
1315 national treatment          国民待遇                                               FFD
1316 natural person              自然人                                                FFD
                                                resolution 33/143; recruitment
                                 国家竞争考试(联
     NCE = national                             exam to expedite recruitment
1317                             合国职员招录考试       from un-represented and under-
                                                                                     5C
     competitive examination
                                 )              represented countries
     NCRE national
1318 competitive recruitment                                                         5C
     examination
     NDI = national disposable
1319                           国民可支配收入                                              SOA
     income
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English               Chinese               Remark                   Categor
                                                                                        y
       NDP = net domestic
1320                               国内净产值                                              SOA
       product
1321   negative balance            负结余;负差                                            FR, BOA
1322   negative PAREs              负价调汇率                                              COC
1323   Negligence, gross           重大疏忽                                                5C
       negotiable orders of
1324                               流通提示提款                                            FR, BOA
       withdrawal
1325   net cash flows                                                                FR, BOA
       net of staff assessment,    除去工作人员薪金
1326                                                                                   BP
       programme budget            税后的方案预算
                                                total assets less the
1327 net realizable assets         可变现净资产       contributions outstanding for        FR, BOA
                                                longer than one year
                                   薪酬净额差幅(与
1328 Net remuneration margin                                                           5C
                                   比较国百分比差)
1329 netting system (banking)                                                         FFD
     new and/or revised            新的和(或)订正的
1330                                                                                   BP
     mandates                      任务规定
     NEX = national execution
1331                               国家执行支出                                            FR, BOA
     expenditure
     NFIC = net food importing     粮食净进口发展中
1332                                                                                  FFD
     developing countries          国家
1333 niche                         利基;市场一角;                                           FFD
1334 night differential                                                                PB
     NNDI = Net National           可支配国民收入净
1335                                                                                  SOA
     Disposable Income             值
     NNP = net national
1336                               国民生产净值                                             SOA
     product
                                                The basis used for the
                                                determination of conditions of
                                                service of staff in the Prof'l and
                                                higher categories. Under the
       Noblemaire Principle (for
1337                               诺贝尔梅耶原则      current application of the             5C
       professionals)                           principle, salaries of the Prof'l
                                                category are determined by
                                                reference to those of the best-
                                                paid national civil service
       nominal flows of ODA        官方发展援助赠款
1338                                                                                  DRPA
       grants                      的正常流量
1339   Nominal growth              名义增长                                               COC
       Non-budgeted
1340                               未编入预算款项                                             5C
       contributions
1341   non-discretionary output                                                        PB
1342   non-excludable                                                                 FFD
       non-expendable              非消耗性设备(器
1343                                                                                 FR, BOA
       equipement                  材)
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese        Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
       Non-expendable
1344                               非消耗性设备                        5C
       equipment
1345   non-post requirements       非员额经费                         BP
       non-post resources,
1346                                                             PB
       requirements
1347   non-recognition             不列帐                         FR, BOA
       non-recurrent item,
1348                                                             PB
       provision, output
1349   non-recurrent publication                                 PB
1350   Non-reimbursable loan       无偿借用方式                        5C
1351   non-staff compensation      非工作人员报酬                       BP
1352   notes receivable            应收票据                        FR, BOA
1353   notional assessment rate    名义摊款比率                       SOA
1354   notional cost                                             PB
       NPM = New Programme
1355                               新方案样板                         BP
       Model (FAO)
1356   object of expenditure       开支用途                          5C
       objectives of the
1357                               本组织目标                         BP
       Organization
       object-of-expenditure
1358                               支出用途预算                        BP
       budget
1359   obligate (expenditures)                                   PB
1360   obligating documents        承付费用文件                      FR, BOA
                                   义务;待付款[UN
                                   DP];承付款项[U
1361 obligation                                                FR, BOA
                                   NDP];
                                   债务;责任;
1362 Obligations                   承付款项                          5C
1363 obsolete property             陈旧资产                        FR, BOA
     OCHA = office for the
1364 coordination of               人道协调厅                         5C
     humanitarian affairs
                                   中央支助事务厅
     OCSS = office of (for)        ASG Niwa
1365                                                             5C
     central support services      (Japanese) March
                                   2000
     OCSS: Office of Central
1366                                                             PB
     Support Services
     ODA = official
1367                               官方发展援助                       FFD
     development aid
     ODA 0.7 per cent of GNP       把发达国家国产总
     as official development       值的0.7%作为官
1368                                                            DRPA
     assistance to developing      方发展援助给予发
     countries                     展中国家
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English               Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
       ODCCP Office for Drug      药物管制和预防犯
1369   Control and Crime          罪办事处(药管办                       5C
       Prevention                 事处)
1370   OECD                                                     FFD
       OFC = offshore financial
1371                              境外金融中心                        FFD
       centre
1372   offender                                                 FFD
                                  机构间事务处Dire
       Office for Interagency
1373                              ctor Qazi Shaukat              5C
       Affairs
                                  Fareed
     Office for Management
1374 Improvement and                                             PB
     Oversight Support
     Office for Oversight and
1375                                                             PB
     Internal Justice
     Office of Central Support
1376                              中央支助事务厅                        BP
     Services
     Office of Information and
1377 Communications                                              PB
     Technology
     Office of Internal           内部监督事务厅(
1378                                                           FR, BOA
     Oversight Services           监督厅)
1379 Official debt                官方债务                          DRPA
     official financing in the    赠款形式的官方筹
1380                                                            DRPA
     form of grants               措资金
1381 Official rate                官方汇率                          COC
1382 official rates               官方汇率                          SOA
1383 official travel                                             PB
                                  抵销; 抵充; 抵补;
1384 offset                                                    FR, BOA
                                  抵减; 冲销
1385 offshore                     境外                            FFD
1386 offshoring                                                  PB
     OHRM: office of human
1387                              人力厅                            5C
     resources management
     OIOS: Office for Internal
1388                                                             PB
     Oversight Services
     OIOS: office of internal
1389                              内部监督事务厅                        5C
     oversight services
1390 OL = Other level             其他职等                           BP
1391 OL: other level (GS)                                        PB
     OLA: Office of Legal
1392                                                             PB
     Affairs
1393 ombudsman                                                   PB
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese              Remark           Categor
                                                Independent complaint
                                                                               y
1394 Ombudsman                     监察员          bureau/supplier relations     5C
                                                manager
1395   On inquiry                  经询问;经调查                                  FR, BOA
1396   one-time assessment                                                   ASHI
1397   one-time costs                                                         PB
1398   ongoing (assessments)                                                 ASHI
1399   Online                      在线                                         5C
1400   on-line access              联机存取                                       5C
1401   open tendering              公开投标                                     FR, BOA
       Open-Access Official        开放型正式文件系
1402                                                                          5C
       Documents System            统
1403   Opening balance             期初余额                                       5C
1404   opening balance             期初余额(结余)                                 FR, BOA
1405   operating expenses                                                     PB
       operational audit
1406                               管理审计                                     FR, BOA
       (management audit)
1407   operational costs                                                      PB
1408   operational costs           业务费用                                     FR, BOA
       Operational Rate of
1409                               业务汇率                                      SOA
       Exchange
1410   Operational rates           业务汇率                                      COC
       Operational Services
1411                               业务司                                        5C
       Division (OHRM)
       operationalize a biennium   使中期计划的两年
1412                                                                          BP
       slice of the MTP            期部分得以运转
                                   帐务厅(行管部部
1413 OPPBA (of DAM)                分)方案规划预算                                   5C
                                   帐务厅
     OPPBA: Office of
1414 Programme Planning,                                                      PB
     Budget and Accounts
1415 opportunity costs                                                        PB
                                   让业务得到最佳程
1416 optimize performance                                                   FR, BOA
                                   度
1417 optimum ratio                 最优比例                                     FR, BOA
1418 options market                期权市场                                      FFD
     Organisation for
1419 Economic Cooperation      经合发组织                                         FFD
     and Development
1420 organizational unit                                                      PB
1421 original cost, value      原价;原始价值                                      FR, BOA
     OSWL = official web site
1422                           定位语言                                           5C
     locator for the UN system
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                  Chinese    Remark   Categor
                                                               y
       outflows of portfolio
1423                                                         FFD
       capital
1424   outlaw countries                                      FFD
1425   outline (budget)                                       PB
       Outline, programme          方案预算纲要;方
1426                                                          5C
       budget                      案预算概要
1427   outlying MER values         数值出现异常                    SOA
1428   out-of-pocket expenses                                ASHI
       Outposting of legal
1429                               法律干事派往外地                   5C
       officers
1430   output                                                 PB
1431   Output                      产出                         5C
1432   outputs                     产出                         BP
1433   outreach                    拓展、联系、推广                  FFD
       outreach to Member          与成员国联系不及
1434                                                          BP
       States, untimely            时
1435   outsourcing                                            PB
1436   Outsourcing                 外包                         5C
                                   未清;未兑现;未
                                   解决;悬而未决;
1437 outstanding                   待决;                      FR, BOA
                                   未偿还;未付;该
                                   付;余额;待付
     outstanding (due + past
1438                               未付                        SOA
     due)
1439 outstanding advances          未清偿的预付款                  FR, BOA
                                   债务总额
1440 outstanding amount                                     FR, BOA
                                   未偿还部分
       outstanding assessed
1441                               未缴摊款                      SOA
       contributions
1442   Outstanding assessments     未付摊款                       5C
1443   outstanding cheque          未兑现支票                    FR, BOA
1444   outstanding contributions                              PB
1445   outstanding contributions   应收欠款                     FR, BOA
1446   Outstanding credit          未用贷项                      COC
1447   outstanding obligations     未清债务                     FR, BOA
       outstanding travel
1448                               未清预支旅费                   FR, BOA
       advances
1449   overadvancement                                      FR, BOA
       overall orientation
1450                                                          PB
       (biennial programme plan)
1451   overbudgeting                                          PB
1452   overdue contributions       逾期未缴                      SOA
1453   overexpenditure                                        PB
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                  Chinese              Remark                Categor
                                                                                       y
1454   over-expenditure             超支                                              FR, BOA
1455   overhead funds                                                                 PB
1456   Overload posts               额外工作员额                                            5C
1457   overpayment                                                                    PB
       Over-represented             任职人数过多的国
1458                                                                                  5C
       countries                    家
1459   overrun                                                                        PB
1460   overrun                      超支                                              FR, BOA
1461   oversight                    监督                                              FR, BOA
1462   Oversight Committee                                                            PB
1463   overtime                                                                       PB
1464   overvaluation                高估                                               SOA
1465   Overvalued                   高估                                               COC
1466   overview                     概览                                                BP
       overview (budget
1467                                                                                  PB
       fascicles)
1468   ownership                    自主(代表团稿用)                                        DRPA
       ownership (of
1469                                                                                 FFD
       programmes, etc.)
       PAIAs = Priority Areas for
                                    学科间行动优先领
1470   Interdisciplinary Actions                                                      BP
                                    域
       (FAO)
1471   Panel of External Auditors   外聘审计团                                           FR, BOA
       PARE = price-adjusted
1472                                价调汇率                                             SOA
       rates of exchange
       PAREs=price-adjusted
1473                                价调汇率                                             COC
       rates of exchange
1474   Paris Club                   巴黎俱乐部                                            DRPA
       Paris Club Agreed            巴黎俱乐部的协议
1475                                                                                 DRPA
       Minutes                      记录
1476   Part                         编                                                 5C
1477   Part (of budget)                                                               PB
1478   partnership funds                                                             FFD
       parts of the programme
1479                                方案预算各编                                            BP
       budget
1480   past due                     欠                                                SOA
1481   patentability                                                                 FFD
1482   Pattern of conferences       会议时地分配办法                                          5C
                                                   reduction of overall number of
1483 Pay banding                    薪资分段           grade levels within wider pay      5C
                                                   ranges(bands)
     Pay contributions in full
1484 and on time and                                                                  5C
     unconditionally
1485 pay-as-you-go                                                                   ASHI
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English              Chinese              Remark                Categor
                                                                                   y
       pay-as-you-go pension
1486                                                                               FFD
       system*
1487   Payment schedules          缴款时间表                                             5C
1488   payment voucher            付款凭单                                           FR, BOA
1489   payroll                                                                      PB
1490   Payroll                    薪给系统                                              5C
1491   payroll                                                                   FR, BOA
1492   payroll related services   与薪资有关的服务                                          BP
1493   Payroll section            薪金科                                               5C
       PBC: Peacebuilding
1494                                                                                PB
       Commission
       PBI =statement of
                                  所涉方案预算问题
1495   programme budget                                                             5C
                                  的说明
       implications
       PBI: programme budget
1496                                                                                PB
       implications
       PBSO: Peacebuilding
1497                                                                                PB
       Support Office
1498   PCGNI=Per capita GNI       人均国民总收入                                          COC
1499   PCI = per capita income    人均收入                                             SOA

1500 PD = procurement division 采购司                                                  5C

                                               in the aftermath of conflict,
                                               peace-building means
                                               identifying and supporting
                                               measures and structures which
                                               will solidify peace and build trust
                                               and interaction among former
                                               enemies, in order to avoid a
1501 peace-building               建设和平         relapse into conflict; it often     FR, BOA
                                               involves elections organized,
                                               supervised or conducted by the
                                               United Nations, the rebuilding of
                                               civil physical infrastructures and
                                               institutions such as schools and
                                               hospitals, and economic
                                               reconstruction
1502 peacekeeping                 维护和平                                           FR, BOA
     Peacekeeping Reserve
1503                              维持和平储备基金                                       FR, BOA
     Fund
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese                 Remark                   Categor
                                                                                         y
                                          [1] 1) Diplomatic process of
                                          brokering an end to conflict,
                                          principally through mediation
                                          and negotiation, as foreseen
                                          under Chapter VI of the UN
                                          Charter. Military activities
                                          contributing to peacemaking
                                          include military-to-military
                                          contacts, security assistance,
                                          shows of force and preventive
                                          deployments. 2) For the WEU
                                          (especially in the 1992
                                 建立和平;促成和 Petersberg declaration) the
1504 peacemaking                                                                      FR, BOA
                                 平;调解     term "peacemaking" has in fact
                                          the meaning of "peace
                                          enforcement" as the UN
                                          understands it. 3) Some non-
                                          UN military sources define it as
                                          allowing the use of a plethora of
                                          means (including force) in order
                                          to prevent or stop acts of
                                          violence, i.e. they see it as
                                          situated halfway between
                                          peacekeeping (no use of force)
                                          and outright armed combat
1505   Peace-making              建立和平                                                 FR, BOA
1506   Pearson Commission        皮尔逊委员会                                                FFD
1507   peer review               同行审查                                                  FFD
1508   pegged exchange rate                                                            FFD
1509   pegging (exchange rate)   汇率钉住                                                  FFD
1510   penalty clauses           罚款条款                                                 FR, BOA
1511   pending clearance         问题得到处理之后                                             FR, BOA
1512   pending payments                                                               FR, BOA
1513   Pension entitlements      应领养恤金                                                  5C
1514   pension scheme                                                                  FFD
1515   per capita income limit   人均收入限额                                                SOA
1516   perceived need                                                                  FFD
1517   percentage point                                                                FFD
1518   performance agreement                                                           FFD
1519   performance audit         方案执行情况审计                                             FR, BOA
                                                  financial guarantee that the
1520 performance bond            履约保证金            supplier will perform to contract
                                                                                      FR, BOA

     performance evaluation      执行情况评价报告
1521                                                                                  FR, BOA
     report                      ;考绩报告
1522 performance fee             业绩费; 履约费;                                            FR, BOA
1523 performance indicators                                                             PB
     performance level,          业绩水平,
1524                                                                                  FR, BOA
     measures                    业绩计量
                                     Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese              Remark       Categor
                                                                               y
1525 performance management 业绩管理                                              BP


1526 performance management                                                   PB

1527 performance measures            业绩计量           baselines and targets     BP
     performance measures,
1528                                                                          PB
     measurement
1529 performance report                                                       PB
                                     执行情况报告;绩
1530 Performance report                                                       5C
                                     效报告
       performance report on the
1531                             预算执行情况报告                                     BP
       budget of
1532 performance requirements                                                FFD

1533   periodicity of the review     审查周期                                     5C
1534   permanent posts                                                        PB
1535   Personal gear                 个人用具                                     5C
1536   personal service contracts                                             PB
       Perspective (in medium
1537   term plan) in lieu of         展望部分                                     5C
       introduction
1538   pertussis                     百日咳                                      5C
1539   petty cash                    零用现款;零用金                               FR, BOA
       PFD: Peace-keeping
1540                                                                          PB
       Financing Division
1541   Phase-in period                                                       FFD
                                     有形资产、实物资
1542 physical assets                                                         FFD
                                     产
                                     实地盘存,实质盘
1543 Physical inventory                                                       5C
                                     存
       physical verification,        财产核实,
1544                                                                        FR, BOA
       inventory                     实地盘存
       PIAs: public information
1545                                                                          PB
       assistants
1546   piecemeal purchases           零碎采购                                   FR, BOA
       PIRS (the Progress and        进度和影响报告系
1547                                                                          5C
       Impact Reporting System       统
       PKFD = Peacekeeping
                                     维和经费筹措司(
1548   Financing Division (part of                                            5C
                                     帐务厅一部分)
       OPPBA)
1549   PL = Principal level          特等                                       BP
1550   PL: principal level (GS)                                               PB
       planning and budgeting in     联合国目前的规划
1551                                                                          BP
       the United Nations            和预算编制过程
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English               Chinese        Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
       planning, programming,       联合国的规划、方
1552   budgeting, monitoring and    案编制、预算编制                    BP
       evaluation process           、监测和评估进程
1553   pledge collateral (to -)     提出担保                       FFD
       PMSS Personnel
                                    人事管理和支助事
1554   Management and Support                                   5C
                                    务处
       Service of FALD
1555   point of payment                                        FFD
1556   point of settlement                                     FFD
       points (resulting from the
                                    适用低人均收入调
1557   application of the low per                              SOA
                                    整而 产生的点数
       capita income adjustment)
       POL petroleum, oil and
1558                                汽油机油润滑油                     5C
       lubricants
       policy and regulatory
1559                                                           FFD
       framework
       Policy framework papers
1560   prepared under aegis of      政策框架文件                      5C
       Bretton Woods institutions
1561   policy makers                                           FFD
1562   policy-making organ                                      PB
1563   polluter-pays principle      谁污染谁付费原则                   FFD
1564   Portfolio                    投资组合                        5C
       portfolio
1565                                                           FFD
       capital/investment
                                    工作地点差价调整
1566 Post adjustment                                            5C
                                    数
1567 post adjustment indices                                    PB
                                    工作地点差价调整
1568 post adjustment multiplier                                 BP
                                    数乘数
1569 post adjustment multiplier                                 PB
                                    工作地点调整数乘
1570 Post adjustment multiplier                                 5C
                                    数
1571 post management                员额管理                        BP
1572 post-audit (a posteriori)      审计后                       FR, BOA
                                    按资金来源开列的
1573 posts by source of funds                                   BP
                                    员额
     Posts subject to               须按地域分配的职
1574                                                            5C
     geographical distribution      位
1575 pouch services                                             PB
1576 Poverty lending                扶贫贷款                       FFD
     Poverty Reduction and          减少贫穷促进增长
1577                                                           DRPA
     Growth Facility (PRGF)         信贷办法
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese                Remark                 Categor
                                                                                       y
     Poverty Reduction
1578 Support Credits (World                                                          FFD
     Bank)
                                           regulations and rules governing
                                           programme planning, the
                                  方案规划,预算内 programme aspects of the
                                  方案部分,执行情 budget, the monitoring of
1579 PPBME                                                                            5C
                                  况监测和评价方法 implementation and the
                                  条例细则     methods of evaluation;
                                           st/sgb/rules Resolution 53/207
                                           of 18 December 1998
     PPBME Rules =
     Regulations and Rules
     Governing Programme          方案规划、预算内
     Planning, the Programme      方案部分、执行情
1580                                                                                  BP
     Aspects of the Budget, the   况监测和评价方法
     Monitoring of                条例和细则
     Implementation and the
     Methods of Evaluation
     PPBME Rules and
     Regulations governing
     Programme Planning, the 方案规划、预算编
1581 Programme Aspects of       制、监测和评价(                                              5C
     the Budget, the Monitoring 规则)
     of Implementation and the
     Methods of Evaluation
     PPBME: Regulations and
     Rules Governing
     Programme Planning, the
1582 Programme Aspects of                                                             PB
     the Budget, the Monitoring
     of Implementation and the
     Methods of Evaluation
     PPO: Preferred Provider
1583                                                                                 ASHI
     Organization
     PPP = purchasing power
1584                            购买力平价                                                FFD
     parity
                                                  Because goods and services
                                                  may cost more in one country
       PPP = purchasing power                     than in another, PPP allows for
1585                              购买力平价           the making of more accurate
                                                                                     SOA
       parity
                                                  comparisons of standards of
                                                  living across countries
     PRC: Project Review
1586                                                                                  PB
     Committee (ICTB)
1587 pre-audit (a priori)         审计前                                               FR, BOA
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese             Remark           Categor
                                                                                y
1588   precautionary approach                                                  FFD
1589   pre-empt resources (to -)   先得、垄断资源                                     FFD
1590   pre-emptively available                                                 FFD
1591   preencumberance                                                          PB
                                   不动产上的负担之
                                   前;对财产的置留 IMIS term - obligates funds for a FR, BOA
1592 pre-encumberance
                                   权之前;预先保留 particular purpose
                                   款项(笔译暂译)
1593 preliminary recosting                                                      PB
     Preparatory Committee
1594 for the International                                                     FFD
     Conference on FfD
                                   Pre-selection;
1595 Pre-qualified (suppliers)                                                  5C
                                   资格已预审
1596 presentation                  列报内容                                         BP
     Presentation and
1597                               编列格式和方法                                      5C
     methodology
1598 Presumptive fraud             舞弊嫌疑                                         5C
1599 presumptive fraud             推定舞弊                                       FR, BOA
1600 pre-testing                                                              FR, BOA
     PRGF = Poverty                减少贫穷促进增长
1601 Reduction and Growth          信贷额度(减贫信                                    FFD
     Facility (IMF)                贷额度)
1602 price deflators               价格减缩指数                                      SOA
     price-adjusted rates of
1603                               物价调整汇率                                      COC
     exchange (PAREs)
1604 price-elasticity              价格弹性                                        FFD
1605 price-fixing                  限定价格                                       FR, BOA
1606 principal level (GS)                                                       PB
1607 principal rates               主要汇率                                        SOA
     priority in reimbursements
     of troop and equipment
                                   向不拖欠联合国摊
     costs to Member States
1608                               款的会员国优先偿                                    SOA
     which are current in their
                                   付部队和装备费用
     payments to the United
     Nations
1609 private audit firms           私人审计公司                                     FR, BOA
                                   流向(发展中国家)
1610 Private capital flows                                                     DRPA
                                   的私人资金
     Probationary
1611                               试用任命                                         5C
     appointments
1612 proceeds                      收益                                         FR, BOA
1613 processing                    加工                                          FFD
1614 procurement                                                                PB
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                  Chinese                Remark            Categor
                                                                                     y
1615 procurement                     采购                                             5C
                                     Should reflect
       Procurement and               compliance with
1616                                                                                5C
       recruitment practices         financial
                                     obligations
1617   procurement cycle             采购周期                                         FR, BOA
1618   Procurement Manual            采购手册                                           5C
1619   procurement plan              采购计划                                         FR, BOA
1620   Procurement threshold                                                        5C
1621   Professional category         专业人员职类                                         5C
1622   professional expertise                                                      FFD
1623   professional posts            专业人员员额                                         BP
       Professional Service staff;
1624                                                                                PB
       professional and higher
1625   profitability                                                                PB
1626   proforma                      预计形式                                           5C
       programmatic aspects of
                                     拟议方案预算中与
1627   the proposed programme                                                       BP
                                     方案有关的内容
       budget
       programmatic
1628                                 方案说明                                           BP
       justifications
1629   programme approach            方案方法                                           5C
1630   programme budget              方案预算                                           BP
       Programme budget :
                                     方案预算:编、款
1631   parts, sections,                                                             5C
                                     项、方案
       programmes
       programme budget
1632                                 方案预算做法                                         BP
       approach
       programme budget
                                     所涉方案预算问题
1633   implications, Statements                                                     BP
                                     说明
       of
1634   programme budget outline                                                     PB
1635   programme delivery            方案交付                                         FR, BOA
1636   programme manager                                                            PB
1637   Programme manager             方案管理人                                          5C
1638   programme managers            方案主管                                           BP
1639   programme narrative                                                          PB
                                                       set out subprogrammes,
                                                       outputs, objectives and
1640 Programme narrative             方案说明              expected accomplishments
                                                                                    5C
                                                       during the biennium
1641 programme narratives            方案说明                                           BP
1642 programme performance           方案执行情况                                         BP
     programme performance
1643                                                                                PB
     report
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                  Chinese       Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
1644 programme planning            方案规划                          BP
     Programme Planning and
1645                                                             PB
     Budget Division
1646 programme planning cycle      方案规划周期                        BP
1647 progress payment              按进度偿付的款项                    FR, BOA
1648 progressive tax scale         累进税率                         SOA
     projected unit credit
1649                                                            ASHI
     method PUCM
1650 proof of shipment             发货证明                        FR, BOA
1651 Property Survey Board         财产调查委员会                     FR, BOA
1652 Proposal                      报价书                           5C
     proposed programme
1653                               拟议方案预算                        BP
     budget
     Proposed programme
1654                               方案概算                          5C
     budget
     Proposed programme
1655                               概算                            5C
     budget
1656 proposed resource level       拟议资源数额                        BP
1657 proposed staffing             拟议工作人员配置                      BP

1658 provisions not carried over                                 PB

1659 PRSP                          减贫战略文件                       DRPA
     PRSP = Poverty
1660 Reduction Strategy Paper      减贫战略文件                       FFD
     (IMF)
     prudential regulation and
1661                                                            FFD
     supervision
     PSA (programme support
                                   方案支助活动开支
1662 activities ) expenditure or                                 5C
                                   或收入
     income
1663 PSA equalization account                                    5C
     PTD purchase and
1664                               采运司                           5C
     transportation division
1665 Public bid openings           公开开标                          5C
1666 public official                                            FFD
                                   公共部门购货、采
1667 public procurement                                         FFD
                                   购
1668 Publications Board                                          PB
1669 Publications Board            出版物委员会                        5C
1670 purchase order                定购单                         FR, BOA
1671 pursue a claim (to)           索赔                           FFD
     QIP=Quick-impact
1672                               速效项目                          5C
     projects
1673 qualifications                条件                           FFD
                                    Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                   y
1674 qualified audit opinion        有保留的审计意见                      BP
                                    修正的审计意见;
1675 Qualified audit opinion                                      5C
                                    有保留的
1676   qualified audit opinion      有保留的审计意见                    FR, BOA
1677   qualified auditors           合格的审计员                      FR, BOA
1678   Quick-impact projects        速效项目                          5C
1679   quota (in the IMF)                                        FFD
       Quota Formula Review
1680                                                             FFD
       Group (IMF)
       quota-free access (to
1681                                                             FFD
       grant -)
1682   quotation requests           邀请报价                        FR, BOA
1683   race to the bottom                                        FFD
1684   raise finance (to -)                                      FFD


                                    随机抽样;
1685 random sample                                              FR, BOA
                                    随机样本

1686 rate brackets                                               SOA
1687 rate of return                 回收率                         FR, BOA
1688 rates of assessments           分摊比率                         COC



1689 rates of exchange              汇 率                           BP



       ratio of current assets to
1690                                当期资产负债表                     FR, BOA
       current liabilities
1691   ratio of G to P posts                                      PB
1692   ratio of G to P posts                                      PB
1693   Ration contract              口粮合同                          5C
1694   RB = regular budget          经常预算                          BP
1695   RB regular budget            经常预算                          5C
1696   RB: regular budget                                         PB
       RBB = Results-Based
1697                                成果预算编制                        BP
       Budgeting
       RBB = Results-based          按成果编制预算,
1698                                                              5C
       budgeting                    成果预算制
       RBB: results-based
1699                                                              PB
       budgeting
       RBM: results-based
1700                                                              PB
       management
       RDMHQ: rapidly               快速部署特派团总
1701                                                              5C
       deployable mission HQ        部
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                  Chinese          Remark              Categor
                                                                                 y
       RDMU rapid deployment
1702                                快速部署管理股                                     5C
       management unit
1703   realizable values            可实现价值                                     FR, BOA
1704   realize assets               实现资产                                      FR, BOA
       Realized capital gains and
1705                                变卖后的资本盈亏                                    5C
       losses
1706   realized costs                                                           PB

1707 reallocation (of resources)                                                PB

     real-time connectivity         本组织全部实现实
1708                                                                            BP
     across the Organization        时联通性
1709 Real-time online system        实时在线系统                                      5C
                                          payment received within a
                                          specified period after the
     rebate or share of interest 退款或部分利息收 issuance of the assessment,
1710                                                                           SOA
     income                      入        e.g., three months, would attract
                                          a rebate or share of interest
                                          income
     receipt report, receiving
1711                                收款报告                                      FR, BOA
     reports
     receipts and payments
1712                                收入与支付帐户                                   FR, BOA
     accounts
                                    应收账款;应收项
1713 receivable                                                               FR, BOA
                                    目
       recessive adjustment
1714                                                                           FFD
       process
1715   recipient country                                                       FFD
1716   reclassification             改叙                                          BP
1717   reclassification                                                         PB
1718   Reclassify                   改叙                                          5C
1719   recognition (non)            列帐                                        FR, BOA
1720   recognize the liability                                                 ASHI
       recognized in accounts       登记入账;入账;
1721                                                                          FR, BOA
       (not)                        列入
       recognized on the accrual
1722                                按应计会计制核算                                  FR, BOA
       basis of accounting
1723   reconciliation               对账;调节                                     FR, BOA
1724   Reconciliation of accounts   帐户的核对                                       5C
1725   reconciliation of accounts   账户调节表                                     FR, BOA
1726   record                       入账                                        FR, BOA
1727   record                                                                  FFD
1728   record-keeping                                                         FR, BOA
       records (budget,
1729                                                                          FR, BOA
       accounting, financial)
1730   records of properties                                                  FR, BOA
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese     Remark             Categor
                                                                            y
1731   recosting                     重计费用                                  BP
1732   recosting                                                           PB
1733   Recosting                     重计费用                                  5C
1734   recovery                                                          FR, BOA
1735   Recovery, financial           追回款项                                  5C
       Recruitment and Staffing
1736                                                                       PB
       Division
1737   recurrent (cost, provision)                                         PB
       recurrent outputs not to be
       carried out in the
1738   biennium; recurrent                                                 PB
       outputs that have been
       discontinued
1739   recurrent publication                                               PB
       redeemable peacekeeping
1740                                 可偿维持和平债券                             COC
       certificates
                                      Such certificates would be sold
                                      to Member Statesat a discount,
                                      of perhaps 5 to 10 per cent of
     redeemable peacekeeping
1741                         可偿维持和平债券 their face value, and could be      SOA
     certificates                     used by them to meet part or all
                                      of their subsequent
                                      peacekeeping assessments
1742 redeployment                    调动                                    BP
     redeployment of
1743                                                                     FR, BOA
     allotments
1744 redeployment of posts                                                 PB
     redesign panel
1745                                                                       PB
     (administration of justice)
1746 redistribution                  再分配                                  COC
1747 redistributional impact                                              FFD
     reducing inflation at the
                                     降低通货膨胀而牺
1748 expense of growth and                                                DRPA
                                     牲增长与就业
     employment
     Re-enhanced HIPC
1749                                                                      FFD
     Initiative (HIPC3)
     refinancing of maturing
1750                                 到期债券的调整                              DRPA
     securities
1751 refocusing (n)                                                       FFD
1752 reforestation                   重新造林                                 FFD
1753 regional trade block                                                 FFD
1754 Registry                                                              PB
1755 regression analysis             回归分析                                 COC
     regression analysis (of
1756                                 回归分析                                 SOA
     MER and price indices)
                               Terms Of Finance
No.           English               Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                                                     y
1757 regression function         回归函数                                               SOA
     regression-based revised 以回归分析为基础
1758                                                                               SOA
     PARE                        的订正价调汇率
1759 regular budget                                                                 PB
                                 按支出用途开列的
     regular budget estimates 2006-
1760                                                                                BP
     by object of expenditure    2007两年期经常预
                                 算估计数
1761 regular budget resources 经常预算资源                                                BP
1762 regularity audit                                                             FR, BOA
1763 Regulations                 条例                                                 5C
     Reimbursement of troop
     contributing countries that
1764                             偿还                                                 5C
     are current with their
     contributions
1765 relative PARE               相对价调汇率                                            COC
                                              which reflects the movement of
                                              domestic prices relative to those
1766 relative PARE             相对价调汇率         of the United States, rather than
                                                                                   SOA
                                              their absolute movement
1767 release (IMIS)                                                                 PB
     Release 1: human
                               人力资源和中央控
1768 resources and central                                                          5C
                               制
     controls
     Release 2: staff
1769                           工作人员应享权利                                             5C
     entitlements
     Release 3: finance and
1770                           财政和支助事务                                              5C
     support services
     Release 4: payroll and
     related funcitonalities
1771 (time and attendance,     薪给和有关功能                                              5C
     insurance and rental
     subsidy etc)
     Release 5: operational
1772                           业务应用                                                 5C
     applications
1773 Relief                    宽减                                                  COC
1774 remedial actions                                                              FFD
1775 remedy                                                                        FFD
1776 remittances                                                                  FR, BOA
1777 remittances               侨汇                                                  FFD
     Remote access through
1778                           远程存取                                                 5C
     the Internet
     Remuneration,
1779                           应计养恤金薪酬                                              5C
     pensionable
1780 rents                                                                         FFD
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.             English                    Chinese   Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
1781 repayment schedule               偿还时间表                   FR, BOA
     Repertoire of the Practice
1782                                                            PB
     of the Security Council
     Repertory of the Practice
1783                                                            PB
     of United Nations Organs
     Replenishment of
1784                                  补充资金                     FFD
     Resources (IDA)
1785 reporting                                                FR, BOA
1786 reporting entity                 报告实体                    FR, BOA
1787 reporting standards                                      FR, BOA
1788 representations                  陈情                       SOA
1789 representative sample                                    FR, BOA
1790 request for proposals            征求报价;招标                   5C
1791 request for proposals            索取承包人估价书                FR, BOA
     requests for expression of
1792                                  征求《意向书》                   5C
     interest
1793 requirements                                               PB
1794 Requisition for purchase         申请采购                      5C
1795 requisitioner                                            FR, BOA
1796 requisitioning officer           申(请)购官员                   5C
1797 Requisitioning unit              申购单位                      5C
     reserve assets
1798                                  储备资产规定                   FFD
     requirements

     reserve fund (for
     additional expenditures
     arising from currency
1799                                                            PB
     fluctuation, inflation in non-
     staff costs and statutory
     cost increases for staff)

1800 reserved funds                                           FR, BOA
1801 Reserve-issuing countries                                 FFD
1802 resident auditor          驻地审计员                          FR, BOA
     resource allocation
1803                           资源分配进程                           BP
     process


1804 Resource cost                                             FFD



1805 resource performance             资源使用情况                    BP
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.            English                 Chinese              Remark        Categor
                                                                             y
     resources provided for
                                   确保用于债务减免
     debt relief should not
                                   的资源不会从计划
     detract from ODA
1806                               给予发展中国家的                                DRPA
     resources intended to be
                                   官方发展援助资源
     available for developing
                                   中扣除
     countries

1807 responsibility accounting     责任会计                                   FR, BOA

1808 restricted the competition    限制竞争                                   FR, BOA
     results-based
1809                                                                        PB
     accountability
     results-oriented              确保联合国充分注
1810                                                                        BP
     Organization                  重成果
1811 retained earnings             留存收益                                    FFD
1812 retained surplus              留存盈余 (收益)                              FR, BOA
     retire outstanding Brady      付清未清偿的布雷
1813                                                                       DRPA
     bonds                         迪债券
1814 return                        收益                                      FFD
1815 return on investment                                                   PB
1816 revamp (to -)                                                         FFD
1817 revenue source (tax)          税收来源                                    FFD
     revenue-generating
1818                                                                        PB
     activities
     Revenue-producing
1819                               生利活动                                     5C
     activities
     revenue-producing
1820                               生利活动                                   FR, BOA
     activities
1821 revenue-raising potential                                             FFD
1822 reverse aid                                                           FFD
1823 revised appropriations                                                 PB
1824 Revised appropriations        订正经费                                     5C
1825 revised estimates                                                      PB
     revised PARE                  经订正的价调汇率
1826                                                                       SOA
     methodology                   计算方法
1827 revolving fund                                                         PB
     RFP = request for             招标;
1828                                                                        5C
     proposal                      报价书;征求报价
1829 risk guarantees               风险担保                                    FFD
     rolling MTP with indicative   附有指示性资源的
                                            a rolling text, revised and
1830 resources, strategic four-    4年期滚动战略中 updated every two years         BP
     year                          期计划
     rollover of external
1831                               到期外债展期                                  FFD
     obligations falling due
1832 royalties                     权益费、权益税                                 FFD
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese                     Remark                  Categor
                                                                                            y
1833 rule of law                 法治                                                        FFD
1834 Rules                       细则                                                        5C
1835 rules of evidence           证据规则                                                    FR, BOA
     S&D special and different
1836                             特殊差别待遇                                                   FFD
     treatment
1837 safety and security         安全和安保                                                     BP
1838 Salary scales               基薪/底薪表                                                    5C
1839 salary surveys                                                                        PB
     Sales and Marketing
1840                             销售推销科                                                     5C
     Section
1841 sampling                    抽样;取样;采样                                                FR, BOA
1842 scale methodology           比额表制订方法                                                  COC
                                 编制比额表的方法
1843 scale methodology                                                                    SOA
                                 ; 分摊比额方法
1844   scale of assessments      会费分摊比额表                                                  SOA
1845   scale period              比额表适用期间                                                  SOA
1846   scale-to-scale changes    比额表之间的变化                                                 COC
1847   Scheduling Office (SG)                                                              PB
1848   Scheme of limits          限额办法                                                     COC
                                                     since 1986, now to be phased
                                                     out by 2000; 15% limit effect of
                                                     phase-out ,to avoid excessive
1849 scheme of limits            限制办法                variations of individual rates of
                                                                                          SOA
                                                     assessment between
                                                     successive scales
1850 scrap                                                                               FR, BOA
     SDRs = Special Drawing
1851                             特别提款权                                                    FFD
     Rights
     SDS = Strategic
1852                             战略部署储备                                                  FR, BOA
     Deployment Stocks
1853 sealed bid                  密封投标                                                    FR, BOA
1854 second                                                                                PB
1855 secondary debt market       次级债务市场                                                   DRPA
1856 Secondary dependant         二级受抚养人                                                    5C
1857 Secondment                  借调                                                        5C
                                 Warren Sach,
                                 Director of the
                                 Programme
                                 Planning and
1858 Secretariat officials                                                                 5C
                                 Budget Division;
                                 Toshiyuki Niwa,
                                 ASG for Central
                                 Support Services;
1859 Section                     科                                                         5C
1860 Section                     款                                                         5C
                                Terms Of Finance
No.            English                  Chinese    Remark   Categor
                                                               y
1861   section (budget)                                       PB
1862   Section, NGO                科                          5C
1863   secular increase                                      FFD
1864   Security Service            安保人员                       BP
1865   seizure                     截留、扣押                     FFD
       self-evaluation by the      方案管理人员的自
1866                                                          BP
       programme managers          我评估
1867   Self-interest                                         FFD
1868   Self-sustainment            自我维持                       5C
       Self-sustainment
1869                               自我维持安排                     5C
       arrangements
       Senior Advisory Board on
1870                                                          PB
       Services to the Public
       Senior Management
1871                                                          PB
       Group
       Senior Management
1872   Network Leadership                                     PB
       Development Program
1873   Senior Review Group                                    PB
       Separation payment or
1874                               离职偿金                       5C
       benefits
       sequester carbon from the
1875                               固碳                        FFD
       atmosphere (to -)
1876   Service                     处                          5C
1877   service a debt              偿债(还本付息)                 FR, BOA
1878   service-level agreements    供应协定                       BP
1879   set off                     抵减; 抵销                   FR, BOA
       set off against the
1880   apportionment among                                    PB
       Member States
1881   Set-off                     抵消                         5C
       settle the outstanding
1882                               清结债务                     FR, BOA
       liabilities
1883   settlement of accounts      账户结算                     FR, BOA
       Severely indebted
1884                               重度负债                      COC
       countries
       SFF = Supplementary
1885                               补充融资贷款                    FFD
       Financing Facility (IMF)
1886   shame sb (to -)                                       FFD
       shared and cross-cutting    共同的和交叉的目
1887                                                          BP
       objectives                  标
1888   shock                       震荡                        FFD
                                   缩短偿还期、还债
1889 shortening of maturities                                FFD
                                   期
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.            English               Chinese              Remark                 Categor
                                                                                    y
       short-run equilibrium
1890                                                                              FFD
       portfolio position
1891   short-term position                                                        FFD
       SIA = Social Impact
1892   Analysis of Economic                                                       FFD
       Policies (IMF)
       single-stage
                                  单一阶段政府间审
       intergovernmental review
1893                              议方案预算和中期                                         BP
       of the programme budget
                                  计划
       and MTP
1894   Skills inventory           技能申报制度                                           5C
                                               for Member States below the
1895 sliding gradients            滑动梯度         threshold, based on their share    SOA
                                               of world GNP.
       slow pace of
1896                              实施进度缓慢                                          DRPA
       implementation
       slowdown in the world
1897                              世界经济减缓                                          DRPA
       economy
1898   Slum-dwellers                                                              FFD
       SMCC = Staff
                                  工作人员和管理当
1899   Management Coordination                                                     5C
                                  局协调委员会
       Committee
       SMG = Senior
1900                              高级管理小组                                           5C
       Management Group
1901   smuggle oneself (to -)                                                     FFD
1902   SNA                        国民核算体系                                          COC
                                               Member States are in the
                                               process of moving from the
       SNA = System of National 国民核算制;         System of National Accounts,
1903                                           1968 (1968 SNA) to the System
                                                                                  SOA
       Accounts                 国民账户体系
                                               of National Accounts, 1993
                                               (1993 SNA).
1904 social safety net            社会安全网                                           FFD
1905 soldier’s kit                士兵装具袋                                            5C
1906 solicitation                                                                 FFD
     SOMA status of mission
1907                              特派团地位协定                                          5C
     agreement
1908 source withholding tax       预扣税款                                            FFD
1909 sovereign bond               主权债券                                            FFD
     SPA: special post
1910                                                                               PB
     allowance
     special assessed
1911                              特别摊款                                           FR, BOA
     contributions
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.           English                 Chinese        Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
                                  For countries
                                  unable to meet
1912 Special consideration        obligations for               5C
                                  reasons beyond
                                  their control
1913 special occupational rates                                 PB
     SPGF = special purpose       特别用途补助金基
1914                                                          FR, BOA
     grant funds (UNITAR)         金
     SPMR = sub-project
1915                              次级项目监测报告                    FR, BOA
     monitoring report
     SPMs: special political
1916                                                            PB
     missions
1917 spot                         现货                           FFD
1918 spot check                   抽查;现场检查                     FR, BOA
1919 spot conversion                                           FFD
     spot foreign exchange
1920                              现货外汇市场                       FFD
     market
1921 spread                       差幅                           FFD
1922 spreadsheet                  电子表格                        FR, BOA
1923 Squalor, in                                               FFD
     SRC = Supplier Review
1924                              供应商审查委员会                      5C
     Committee
     SRF = Supplementary          补充储备信贷额度
1925                                                           FFD
     Reserve Facility (IMF)       (储备信贷)
1926 SS: security service                                       PB
     SSA: special services
1927                              特别服务协定                        5C
     agreement
     SSAs = special service
1928                              特别服务协定                      FR, BOA
     agreements
     SSAs: special service
1929                                                            PB
     agreements
     Staff Administration and
                                  Operational
     Training Division +
                                  Services Div. +
1930 Recruitment and                                            5C
                                  Specialist
     Placement Division (old)
                                  Services Div.
     replaced by >>
1931 staff assessment             工作人员薪金税                       BP
1932 staff assessment                                           PB
1933 Staff assessment             工作人员薪金税                       5C
1934 Staff College                                              PB
1935 Staff cost                   人事费                           5C
1936 staff costs                                                PB
     staff development and        工作人员发展和培
1937                                                            BP
     training programmes          训方案
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese             Remark         Categor
                                                                             y
1938   Staff mobility             调动                                        5C
1939   staff ratio                                                          PB
1940   staffing table             员额配置表                                     BP
1941   Staffing table             员额表                                       5C
1942   staffing tables                                                      PB
1943   stakeholders               利益有关者                                     BP
1944   standard costs                                                       PB
       standardized access
1945                                                                        PB
       control
       Standing Orders of
1946                              议事规则                                    FR, BOA
       INTOSAI
1947   standstill (debt -)                                                 FFD
1948   statistical base period    统计基期                                     SOA
1949   Statistical Commission     统计委员会                                     5C
       Statistical Services
1950                              统计事务处                                     5C
       Branch
1951   Statistics Division        统计司                                       5C
1952   status of liabilities                                               ASHI
                                  法定权限;制定法
1953 statutory authority                                                  FR, BOA
                                  授权
     statutory cost increases     工作人员费用依法
1954                                                                        BP
     for staff                    增加幅度
1955 statutory safeguards                                                 FR, BOA
                                  使它们暂时免遭诉
1956 stay on litigation                                                    DRPA
                                  讼
     Steering Committee on
1957                                                                        PB
     Reform and Management
1958 stock of debt, total         债务总量                                     DRPA
     strategic framework based
                                  在《千年发展目标
     on the Millennium                     providing vision and overall
1959                              》的基础上制定一 direction                        BP
     Development Goals
                                  个战略框架
     (MDGs)
     strategic planning
                                  附有两年期指示性
     document with indicative
1960                              资源的战略规划文                                  BP
     resources for the
                                  件
     biennium

1961 Strategic policy framework                                            FFD

1962 Strategic reserve            战略储备                                      5C
     streamlining of
1963                              精简所设条件                                   DRPA
     conditionality
1964 submission of quotation                                              FR, BOA
1965 Subprogamme                  次级方案                                      5C
1966 subprogramme                 次级方案                                      BP
                                   Terms Of Finance
No.             English                 Chinese       Remark   Categor
                                                                  y
       substantive and support     实务方案和支助方
1967                                                             BP
       programmes                  案
       substantive and technical
1968                                                             PB
       skills
1969   substantive departments                                   PB
1970   substantive services                                      PB
1971   substantive testing                                     FR, BOA
1972   sudden-onset disasters      突发灾害                          5C
       Summary by object of        按支出用途开列总
1973                                                             5C
       expenditure                 表
1974   supervisory skills                                        PB
1975   Supplier roster             供应商名册                         5C
1976   supplier roster             供应商名册                       FR, BOA
       Supplier Roster
1977                               供应商名册委员会                    FR, BOA
       Committee
1978   supplies and materials      用品和材料                         BP
1979   Supplies and materials      用品材料                          5C

       Support and backstopping 斡旋和维和行动的
1980                                                             5C
       of good offices and PKO’s 支持和支助
1981 supporting documents                                      FR, BOA
1982 Suppression of posts          裁减员额                          5C
1983 surge capacities                                            PB
1984 surplus                                                   FR, BOA
1985 surplus                       盈余                           FFD
1986 survey                                                    FR, BOA
1987 Surviving spouse              鳏寡                            5C
1988 Survivor’s benefits           遗属恤金                          5C
1989 Suspense account              暂记帐户                          5C
1990 suspense account              暂记账户                        FR, BOA
1991 sustainability (debt -)                                    FFD
     sustainability
1992                               承受力评估                        DRPA
     assessments
1993 sustainable                                                FFD
                               可持续承受(债务
1994 sustainable (debt)                                         FFD
                               )
1995 sustainable (development) 可持续(发展)                          FFD
     swap of debt instruments
     for commitments to make 以债务工具换取政
1996 public expenditures for   府环境和社会开支                         FFD
     environmental or social   的承诺
     purposes
     swap of debt instruments
1997                                                            FFD
     for equity investment
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English             Chinese         Remark      Categor
                                                                   y
1998 system contracts            系统合同                             5C
     System contracts vs.        系统合同vs.备用
1999                                                              5C
     requirement contracts       合同
     system-based audit;
2000                             系统审计                           FR, BOA
     systems audit
     systems contract,
2001                             系统合同                           FR, BOA
     framework contract
                                 滞后两年/两年的     基期比比额表制订时间滞后两年/
2002 t-2                                                         COC
                                 时滞           time lag
       TAM: temporary
2003                                                              PB
       assistance for meetings
2004   tangible assets*          有形资产                            FFD
2005   tap (to -)                                                FFD
2006   targets                                                    PB
2007   tariff and non-tariff     关税和非关税壁垒                        FFD
2008   barriers
       tariff escalation         关税升级                            FFD
2009   tariff peak               关税高峰                            FFD
                                 关税化(将非关税
2010 tariffication               壁垒转化为约束关                        FFD
                                 税的过程)
2011   tax administration        税收管理                            FFD
2012   tax avoidance             避税                              FFD
2013   tax base                  征税基础                            FFD
2014   tax collection            收税                              FFD
2015   Tax credit                税务抵减                             5C
2016   tax deductibility                                         FFD
                                 由于竞争而降低税
2017 tax degradation                                             FFD
                                 率
2018   tax equalization fund                                      PB
2019   Tax equalization fund     衡平征税基金                           5C
2020   Tax Equalization Fund     税收平衡基金                         FR, BOA
2021   tax evasion               逃税                              FFD
2022   tax haven                 避税港                             FFD
2023   tax receipts              税收                              FFD
2024   tax refunds, pursue       争取退税                             5C
       Tax reimbursement
2025                             退税办法                             5C
       scheme
2026   Tax relief                税务宽减                             5C
2027   tax revenues              税收                              FFD
2028   tax shelter               避税办法                            FFD
2029   taxation                  征税                              FFD
2030   taxes on profits                                          FFD
2031   tax-financed scheme                                       FFD
2032   taxpayer                  纳税人                             FFD
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                Chinese              Remark                   Categor
                                                                                        y
2033   TBT                           贸易技术壁垒                                            FFD
2034   TCC                           部队派遣国                                             5C
2035   technical barriers to trade                                                    FFD
2036   temporary issue of SDRs                                                        FFD
2037   temporary posts               临时员额                                              BP
2038   Temporary posts               临时员额                                              5C
       Temporary suspension of
2039                                 暂时停止转换                                           DRPA
       convertibility
       Temporary suspension on
2040                                 暂不征聘                                              5C
       recruitment
2041   tender document               招标文件                                              5C
2042   tender offer                  投标出价                                            FR, BOA
       tender with a short lead
                                     筹备时间;订货到
2043   time for emergency                                                              5C
                                     交货时间
       requirements
2044   tendering                                                                     FR, BOA
2045   tendering body                                                                FR, BOA
2046   term (repayment)                                                              FR, BOA
2047   terminal expenses                                                               PB
2048   termination                                                                    ASHI
2049   terms of trade shocks         贸易条件冲击                                           DRPA
2050   terms-of-trade shock          贸易条件震荡                                           FFD
       test examinations, test a
2051                                                                                 FR, BOA
       sample
2052   Threshold                     临界,门槛(值)                                         COC
2053   Threshold level               临界值                                              COC
                                                 average per capita GNP of all
       threshold per capita          阈值;人均收入的
2054                                             Member States for the statistical    SOA
       income limit                  门槛值         base periods
       threshold ratio of external
       debt to fiscal revenue in     外债对净现值财政
2055   net present value (for        收入的临界比率为                                         DRPA
       countries with a large        250%
       export base), 250 per cent
2056   time lag                      时间滞后; 时滞                                        FR, BOA
       timely, full and
                                     按时足额无条件缴
2057   unconditional payment of                                                       SOA
                                     付摊款
       assessed contributions
2058   Time-series data              时间序列数据                                            5C
2059   Tobin tax                     托宾税                                              FFD
2060   top 25 commodities                                                            FR, BOA
2061   top-bottom                                                                     FFD
       top-heavy staffing
2062                                                                                   PB
       structure
                                     Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese       Remark   Categor
                                                                    y
       topping up (additional        额外援助(或补充
2063                                                              DRPA
       assistance)                   援助)
       Total compensation
2064                                 报酬总额比较                        5C
       comparison
2065   total debt stock              债务总量                         SOA
2066   tough policy conditionality                                FFD
2067   track record                                               FFD
2068   tracking assets                                           FR, BOA
       Trade and Development
2069                                                              FFD
       Board (UNCTAD)
2070   trade in currencies                                        FFD
2071   trader                                                     FFD
2072   Trades and Crafts             工匠                            BP
2073   Trades and Crafts                                           PB
2074   trading volume                                             FFD
2075   transactions                                              FR, BOA
       Transfer (of assets)
2076                                 #NAME?                        5C
       document
2077   transfer between sections                                   PB
                                    转让价格、制订转
2078 transfer pricing                                             FFD
                                    帐价格
2079   treasurer                    财务司司长                          5C
2080   Treatment of expatriation 离国服务待遇                            5C
2081   tree crops                                                 FFD
2082   trend rates                                                ASHI
2083   trial balance                试算表                          FR, BOA
2084   triennial review             三年期审查                          5C
2085   Trigger rate                 临界点/率                         COC
       TRIMS = Trade-related        与贸易有关的投资
2086                                                              FFD
       investment measures          措施
2087   Triple-A credit rating       3A 信用评级                       FFD
       TRIPS = Trade-related        与贸易有关的知识
2088                                                              FFD
       intellectual property rights 产权
2089   Turnover (on a market)       交易额                           FFD
2090   Turnover rate                更替率                            5C
2091   tying (of aid, loans…)       附加条件                          FFD
       U5MR = under-five            5岁以下幼儿死亡
2092                                                              FFD
       mortality rate               率
       ULOs = unliquidated          未清偿债务;未结
2093                                                             FR, BOA
       obligations                  算的承付款项
2094   UN operational rates         业务汇率                          SOA
2095   unaccounted for                                           FR, BOA
2096   Unallocated balance          未分拨余额                          5C
2097   UNAMIR                       联卢援助团                          5C
                                  Terms Of Finance
No.           English                Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
2098 unbiased judgement                                       FR, BOA
     UNBIS: UN Bibliographic
2099                                                            PB
     Information System
     UNCC = United Nations
2100 Compensation                 联合国赔偿委员会                    FR, BOA
     Commission
     UNCDF = United Nations
                                  联合国资本发展基
2101 Capital Development                                      FR, BOA
                                  金
     Fund
     UNCDF = United Nations
                                  联合国资本发展基
2102 Capital Development                                       FFD
                                  金
     Fund
2103 uncleared                                                FR, BOA
2104 uncollectible                坏账                          FR, BOA
2105 Uncommitted balance          未承付余额                         5C
     UNCSD = United Nations
                                  联合国供应商共同
2106 Common Supplier                                          FR, BOA
                                  数据库
     Database
     UNCSD= common                联合国供应商共同
2107                                                            5C
     supplier database            数据库
     UNDCP = United Nations       联合国国际药物管
2108 International Drug Control   制规划署                        FR, BOA
     Programme                    (药物管制署)
     UNDCP= United Nations        联合国国际药物管
2109 International Programme      制规划署(药物管                      5C
     on Drug Control              制署)

2110 underexpenditure                                           PB


2111 underfunding                 经费不足                         FFD
2112 underlying assets            基本资产                         FFD
     Underrepresented             任职人数不足的会
2113                                                            5C
     member states                员国
2114 understaffing                人员不足                         FFD
2115 understatement                                           FR, BOA
2116 Undervalued                  低估                           COC
2117 UNDOF                        脱离接触部队                        5C
2118 unearmarked                  未指定用途的                      FR, BOA
2119 unencumbered balance                                       PB
2120 Unencumbered balance         未支配余额                         5C
     unencumbered balances
                                  维持和平行动未支
2121 of peacekeeping                                           SOA
                                  配余额
     operations
2122 UNESIS                       经社信息系统                        5C
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.            English                Chinese       Remark   Categor
                                                                y
2123 unexpended resources                                      PB
2124 UNFICYP                        联塞部队                       5C
     UNFIP = United Nations         伙伴基金
2125 Fund for International         =联合国国际伙伴                 FR, BOA
     Partnerships                   关系基金
                                    经费无着落的财务
2126 unfunded liabilities                                    FR, BOA
                                    责任
2127 unfunded liability                                       ASHI
     unfunded staff termination
2128                                                          ASHI
     and post-service liabilities
     UNGM: United Nations
     Global Marketplace
2129                                联合国全球采购网                 FR, BOA
     (former UN Common
     Supplier Database)
     UNHHSF Habitat =
     United Nations Habitat         联合国生境和人类
2130                                                         FR, BOA
     and Human Settlements          住区基金会
     Foundation
2131 Unified support account        统一支助帐户                     5C
2132 UNIFIL                         联黎部队                       5C
2133 uniform vacancy rate                                      PB
2134 UNIKOM                         伊科观察团                      5C
2135 unilateral standstill          单方面暂停偿债                   DRPA
2136 Unit                           股                          5C
2137 Unit costs                     单位成本                       5C
2138 unit rates                                                PB
2139 unitary taxation               统一征税                      FFD
     United Nations Centre for
                                    联合国国际预防犯
2140 International Crime                                      FFD
                                    罪中心
     Prevention
     United Nations
     Convention against             联合国打击跨国有
2141 Transnational Organized        组织犯罪公约(巴                  FFD
     Crime (Palermo                 勒莫公约)
     Convention)
     United Nations
     Declaration against            联合国反对在国际
2142 Corruption and Bribery in      商业交易中的贪污                  FFD
     International Commercial       和贿赂宣言
     Transactions
2143 Unity of purpose               目标统一                       5C
2144 UNJSPB                         养恤金联委会                     5C
                                    联合国合办工作人
2145 UNJSPF                                                    5C
                                    员养恤金
                              Terms Of Finance
No.           English               Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                             y
2146 unliquidated advances        未清偿预付款                  FR, BOA
2147 unliquidated obligation                                PB
2148 Unliquidated obligations     未清偿债务                     5C
     Unliquidated Obligations
2149                              未清偿债务                   FR, BOA
     (ULOs)
2150 UNMEE                        埃厄特派团                     5C
2151 UNMIH                        联海特派团                     5C
     UNMIS=UN Mission in the
2152                              联合国苏丹特派团                  5C
     Sudan
2153 unmodified audit opinion                             FR, BOA
2154 UNMOGIP                      印巴军事观察组                   5C
2155 UNMOT                        联塔观察团                     5C
2156 UNMOVIC                      监核视委                      5C
2157 UNOG Geneva                  日内瓦办事处                    5C
     UNOGBIS = Peace-             几比建设和平支助
2158 building support office in   办事处                       5C
     Guinea-Bissau                (几比支助处)
2159 UNOMIG                       联格观察团                     5C
2160 UNOMIL                       联利观察团                     5C
     UNON = United Nations        联合国内罗毕办事
2161                                                        BP
     Office at Nairobi            处
2162 UNON Nairobi                 内罗毕办事处                    5C
2163 UNOPS                        联合国项目事务厅                FR, BOA
     UNOPS = office for
2164                              项目事务厅;采购                  5C
     project services
2165 UNOV Vienna                  维也纳办事处                    5C
     UNPA: UN Postal
2166                                                        PB
     Administration
     unpaid (assessed)
2167                              未缴摊款                    FR, BOA
     contributions
     unpaid assessed
2168                              未缴摊款                     COC
     contributions
2169 UNPF                         联和部队                      5C
2170 UNPREDEP                     联预部队                      5C
2171 unqualified audit opinion    无保留的审计意见                FR, BOA
     unreconciled bank            未经核对的银行存
2172                                                      FR, BOA
     balances                     款余额
2173 Unrepresented countries      无人任职的国家                   5C
     UNRISD = Research
2174 institute for Social         社发(研究)所                   5C
     Development
     UNSAS: United Nations
2175 System Accounting                                     ASHI
     Standards
                               Terms Of Finance
No.           English                   Chinese      Remark   Categor
                                                                 y
2176 unserviceable                                            FR, BOA
2177 UNSMIH                        联海支助团                        5C
2178 UNTAET                        东帝汶过渡当局                      5C
     UNTAG: transition
2179                               过渡援助团                        5C
     assistance group
2180 untie aid (to-)               取消援助条件                      FFD
2181 UNTMIH                        联海过渡团                        5C
2182 UNTSO                         停战监督组织                       5C
2183 Unutilized balance            未用摊款                         5C
     unweighted annual             未加权年均出口增
2184                                                           DRPA
     average export growth         长
     Upscaling (microfinance
                                   提高档次(微额供
     institutions become
2185                               资机构取得执照和                    FFD
     licensed and access
                                   正规融资)
     formal financial resources)
2186 upward reclassification                                    PB
2187 Uruguay Round                 乌拉圭回合                       FFD
2188 useful life                   有效寿命                       FR, BOA
     USG = Under-Secretary-
2189                               副秘书长                         BP
     General
     USG for internal oversight    Dileep Nair(May
2190                                                            5C
     services                      2000)
2191 utilities                                                  PB
2192 valid (expenditures)                                     FR, BOA
2193 validation                                               FR, BOA
2194 validity period                                          FR, BOA
2195 Valuation index               估价指数                        COC
2196 valuation of property                                    FR, BOA
2197 value for money                                            PB
2198 value for money (no)                                     FR, BOA
     value for money audit
2199 (VFM) = performance           效益审计                       FR, BOA
     audit
2200 Value-added taxes refund      增值税退税                        5C
2201 variances                     差异                           BP
2202 variances                                                  PB
2203 variances                     差额                           5C
2204 vehicle-currency                                          FFD
2205 vendor rating                                            FR, BOA
2206 venture capital               风险资本                        FFD
2207 visiting auditor              巡回审计员                      FR, BOA
2208 visitors’ experience                                       PB
                                Terms Of Finance
No.           English              Chinese         Remark   Categor
                                                               y




2209 voided cheque              作废支票                        FR, BOA




2210 volatility                 波动性                          FFD
2211 volume purchases           批量购买                        FR, BOA
     voting power (IMF, World
2212                            分配票数                         FFD
     Bank) voting weight
2213 voucher                    列账凭单                        FR, BOA
     WA = World Bank Atlas      世界银行阿特拉斯
2214                                                         SOA
     conversion rates           换算率




2215 waiver                     放弃,弃权                        SOA




2216 waivers of costs                                         PB
     WAR = Weighted average
2217                            加权平均(汇)率                     SOA
     rate
     Water Supply and
                                供水和卫生合作理
2218 Sanitation Collaborative                                FFD
                                事会
     Council*
     WCF: Working Capital
2219                                                         ASHI
     Fund
2220 weak global demand         全球需求不旺                       DRPA
2221 Wear and tear              损耗                            5C
2222 wear and tear                                          FR, BOA
2223 Weighted averages          加权平均数                         5C
2224 weighted voting            加权投票制                        FFD
2225 welfare gains              福利增加                         FFD
2226 Wet lease                  湿租赁(包括维修)                     5C
2227 whistleblower                                            PB
     WINGS =WFP
     Information Network and    信息网络全球成本
2228                                                          5C
     Global System for Cost     分析控制系统
     Analysis and Cost
     Containment
                                 Terms Of Finance
No.             English                   Chinese   Remark   Categor
                                                                y
2229   withhold(ing)                                         FR, BOA
2230   withholding (of tax)          预提、预扣(税)                 FFD
2231   Women’s World Banking         妇女世界信贷会                  FFD
2232   Working Capital Fund                                    PB
2233   Working capital fund          周转基金                      5C
2234   Working Capital Fund          周转基金                     SOA
       Working Group on
       International Statistical
                                     国际统计方案和协
2235   Programmes and                                          5C
                                     调工作组
       Coordination (of the
       Statistical Commission)
2236   workload indicators                                     PB
       workout (from a debt
2237                                 摆脱债务危机                   FFD
       crisis)
2238   workout procedures (debt)     解决债务程序                   DRPA
2239   World Bank Group affiliate                             FFD
2240   World Education Forum         世界教育论坛                   FFD
       World Trade Organization
2241                                 世界贸易组织                   FFD
       (WTO)
2242   write off                                               PB
2243   Write-off                     注销                        5C
2244   write-off (cases)             注销                      FR, BOA
       write-offs of their Paris     巴黎俱乐部债务的
2245                                                          DRPA
       Club debts                    进一步免除
       XB = extra-budgetary
2246                                 预算外资源                     5C
       resources
2247   XB = extrabudgetary           预算外                       BP
2248   XB: extrabudgetary                                      PB
2249   Year-on-year trends           年度趋势                      5C
2250   yield value for money (to -   花钱花得值                    FFD
       )
       zero real growth
2251                                 实际增长预算编制                  BP
       budgeting
2252   zero sum process              零和                       SOA
2253   ZNG: zero nominal growth                                PB
2254   ZRG: zero real growth                                   PB

				
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