Implementing the Wildland Fire Decision Support System by junxinglj


									  Implementing a GACC
 Decision Support Center

Dan O’Brien, NWCC Predictive Services Unit Leader
           The Decision Support Center Concept

The DSC will:                                           The DSC will NOT:
•   Activate during periods of moderate to              •   Replace local expertise or manage
    heavy fire activity;
                                                            incidents from afar;
•   “Plug & play” as a branch of the
    Predictive Services Unit;                           •   Conduct comprehensive long-term
•   Provide full range of technical analysis                assessments or strategic
    to support strategic decisions on                       implementation plans for individual
    emerging incidents,                                     incidents, units, or agencies;
     –   focus on short to intermediate time frames;
     –   Intended to bridge gaps in local capability;   •   Complete WFDSS documentation;
•   Support GACC decision-making;                       •   Generally provide technical WFDSS
     –   GACC Coordinator and GMAC decisions;               consultation or support.
•   Support technical analyses conducted
    at established incidents and local units;
•   Function as a training ground for future
    fire analysts.
Decision Support Center:
GACC Operations

                          Decision Support                GACC
   GMAC                    Business Lead               Coordinator

  Products maintained in WFDSS, dedicated GACC files, GACC
  Incident ftp site, or delivered to local unit, as appropriate
Decision Support Center:
Local Unit or Incident Operations

                                                                      Local Unit
                                Decision Support
                                 Business Lead


     Analyst or   Analyst or   Analyst or     Intel    Dedicated   Dedicated
      Trainee      Trainee      Trainee      Analyst     GISS        IMET

  Products maintained in WFDSS, dedicated GACC files, GACC
  Incident ftp site, or delivered to local unit, as appropriate.
         Decision Support Center Staffing
• Business Lead
   – Reports to Predictive Services; may also have WFDSS Geo-Editor
• Lead Analyst
   – Reports to Business Lead; Experienced FBAN/LTANs: individuals listed on
     14 day availability rotation;
• DSC Analyst
   –   Reports to Lead Analyst;
   –   FBAN/LTAN trainees;
   –   Fire Behavior Specialists;
   –   Fuels or other Resource Specialists with fire behavior modeling
   – Reports to Lead Analyst;
   – Qualified individuals
Activating the DSC:
          Low to Moderate Planning Levels
                          Business Lead (pro-actively) orders FBAN/LTAN:
                            •Analysts works for Predictive Services Mgr;
                            •Provides analytical support to requesting

Emerging Incident         Business Lead directs request to National
Requests Support          Wildland Fire Decision Support Center:
                            •NFDSC coordinates analysis directly with
                            requesting unit;
                            •NFDSC communicates work load and
                            accomplishments with GACC Predictive
                            Services Unit;
Activating the DSC:
          Moderate and Greater Planning Levels
                          Predictive Services Unit, in concert w/
                          Coordinator and Center Manager, initiates
                            •Anticipates workload 3 to 5 days out;
                            •Designates Business Lead and
                            communicates to Dispatch Centers/Local
                            •Orders Lead Analyst and DSC staff;
                            establishes adequate work area and IT
Anticipated Event           •If Lead/DSC analysts not available locally,
                            NFDSC may be contacted for virtual or onsite
                            support. A Lead Analyst is necessary
                            whenever DSC analysts are located on-site.
                                             The Analysis Process
                     Local Unit enters
                                                                      Requests Fire
                       incident into         Emerging Incident
                                                                    Behavior Analysis
Ignition                  WFDSS

                                                                 DSC Business Lead

   Maker                                                         Analysis conducted
                                                                 & results interpreted

                               Products retrieved                Analysis Summaries
    Local Unit
                             from WFDSS, FTP site                 Output for GACC,
Fire Staff Officer
                             or local contact email                  Local Unit
                               Requesting Analysis inside

WFDSS Incident

                 WFDSS FSPro
Decision Support on Established Incidents
                          • Incident
                  IMT     • DSC supports
                            on request

                          • Local SME or
                  Local     analyst;
                  Unit    • DSC supports
                            on request
Comprehensive Incident
or Agency Specific Analyses
                  Long Term
      Fire                         Other
    Reviews                       analyses

                   Analysts &
                    Agency         DSC provides technical
                    Analysis        analysis support on
                    Support              request.
          Follow Naming Conventions
Example Incident Naming Convention:
 Unit 3 Letter Designator_Incident Name_YrMoDay Incident Start Date
     • Example:
         – WWF_MinamPeak_200808118
         – NCP_Arctic_20080724

Example FSPro Incident Analysis Naming Convention:
    YrMoDy Analysis Date_Analysis Duration_No. of Simulations_Ign Source_Other Analysis Factors
        – Example:
             • 20080916_14Day_800Fires_0916AMPerim_NoBarriers
             • 20080821_21Days_1000Fires_0821IRPerim_LogCrkWind
Organize Filing Local/FTP
Filing Conventions

          Folder: Incident_Specific_Data

                         Folder: Pacific_NW

                                    Folder: Incident

                                              Folder: Fire_Analysis

                                                       Folder: Inputs
                  Other Folders:                                 Folder: YYYYMMDD
                      •IR                                                    • Datafile
                      •Etc.                            Folder: Outputs

                                                                 Folder: YYYYMMDD
                                                                             • Datafile

Dan O’Brien, Predictive Services Unit Leader
W: 503-808-2733
C: 503-701-2552

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