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					          DEFENSE SYSTEM REFORM
          ACHIVEMENTS AND PLANS
Оslo, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, October 19, 2010




                                        DEFENSE MINISTER
                                        Dragan Sutanovac

                                                                   1
  SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE




                          MO
            SRB


                                TR
                           RO
CRO

                          BG
  B&H


      MNE
             AL

                                     NATO & EU MEMBERS
            FYROM*
                                     NATO MEMBERS &
                     GR
                                     EU CANDIDATES

                                     PfP MEMBERS &
                                     EU CANDIDATES

                                     PfP MEMBERS
        SECURITY ENVIROMENT




   State interdependence and cooperation boost –
    less expressed danger of traditional military
    threats

   EU spreading

   SEE
     Security environment

     NATO enlargement

   International position of Serbia                3
       CHALLENGES, RISKS AND THREATS




UDI   of Kosovo & Metohija
Separatist   aspirations
Terrorism

National   and religious extremism
Armed     in surge
Organized    crime (illicit human and drug trafficking..)
Natural disasters and chemical, biological, nuclear,
technical and technological accidents
Cyber   threats...
                                                             4
       FOREIGN POLITICAL PRIORITIES OF SERBIA




   Membership in EU

   Preservation of territorial integrity

   Regional cooperation



                                                5
    VITAL DEFENSE INTERESTS




Preservation    of sovereignty, independence and
territorial integrity of Serbia, protection of its citizens

Buildingtrust, security and stability in the region
and beyond

Cooperation  and partnership with international
security organizations and institutions, as well as
with the democratic states.




                                                              6
        ACQUIRED CONDITION & GOALS



   Unregulated legislative regulations
   Unsuccessful attempts of defense
    system reform                          Efficient and
                                            economically
   Affairs                                 sustainable defense
                                            system building,
   Low standards of living              Development of
                                          modern, professional
   Bad reputation                        and efficient Armed
                                          Forces,
   Obsolete technique and               Development of new
    armaments                             capabilities
                                          according to
   Surplus of weapon ordnances -         missions and tasks.
    37.000t
   Budget burden with military
    pensions (750 generals’ pensions)
                                                                  7
       DEFENSE SYSTEM REFORM



   Encompassed legislative regulations
      •   Strategy of national security of Serbia
      •   Strategy of defense of Serbia
      •   Strategic defense review
      •   Six acts passed, series of sub legislative acts
          and regulations
      •   Doctrine of SAF (Serbian Armed Forces)

   Completed standardization in NATO standard
   Established civilian democratic control in the
    military                                                8
        REFORM OF THE SERBIAN ARMED FORCES



GOAL - to build professional military capable and equipped for realization
                    of assigned missions and tasks.


                                 Defense of the
                                  Republic of
                                 Serbia against
                                external armed
                                     attack


                   Participation in
                        peace               Support to civil
                    building and             authorities in
                        peace                 countering
                    keeping in the          security threats
                     region and
                      the world

                                                                      9
                 STRUCTURE OF DEFENSE FINANCIAL PLAN APPROVAL                                          FROM
                                    2005 to 2010
                           (source of financing – budget)



                                                                                                        RSD million
                      2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006      2007      2008      2009      2010
..   Cost category Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount %
                      part.    part.     part.     part.      part.    part.     part.     part.     part.     part.
1           2           3         4         5         6         7         8         9        10        11        12

1
     Personnel      11.471,3 16.442,6 18.890,9 18.529,2 21.220,9 21.576,2 22.063,9 25.791,7 27.783,3 29.223,9
     costs            34,1      37,2      38,6      45,0      49,1      42,6      36,5      38,3      42,3      43,0

2
     Military        5.512,4   6.758,3   8.071,1   9.520,4   10.838,5 13.147,0 17.468,0 20.057,9 22.923,2 22.906,7
     pensions         16,4      15,3      16,5      23,1      25,1      26,0      28,9      29,8      34,9      33,7

4
     Investments & 2.903,5     8.190,5   8.393,4   3.220,1   1.426,4   3.469,3   3.977,8   8.822,1   4.825,7   6.016,6
     equipment       8,6        18,5      17,1      7,8        3,3      6,9       6,6       13,1      7,3       8,8
                                                                       721,4     2.951,0   2.050,8
5    NIP                                                      1,4     4,9     3,0
                    33.630, 44.219, 48.943, 41.163, 43.214, 50.626, 60.456, 67.390, 65.663, 68.000,
        TOTAL
                       0       3       8       3       8       7       2       4       6       0
                                    1.133.0 1.384.3 1.687.8 1.980.2 2.362.8 2.790.9 2.953.5 3.159.7
     GDP Amount     762.200 972.900
                                      00      00      00       00     00       00      0      00
      % in GDP        4,41      4,55      4,32      2,97      2,56      2,56      2,56     2,41       2,22      2,15
 Exchange rate
   in RSD on        58,6750 59,6305 61,5845 68,4861 79,0803 85,5000 79,0000 79,2362 88,6010 95,8888
    01.01.
  Approved FP
                     573,2     741,6     794,7     601,0     546,5     592,1     765,3     850,5     741,1     709,2
  (mill EUR)
 Amount of GDP      12.990, 16.315, 18.397, 20.212, 21.342, 23.160, 29.908, 35.222, 33.334, 32.951,
                                                                                                10
  (mill EUR)          20      48      49      86      86      23      86      54      84      71
     NUMBER OF PERSONNEL IN DEFENSE SYSTEM THAT
        ARE ON BUDGET FROM 2005 TILL APRIL 2010



80.000                74.928

70.000       62.061

60.000                                      51.459

50.000
                                   40.163                                     38.267            38.694
40.000                                                   36.220
                                                                                           29.569
30.000                                                24.991         26.351

20.000   12.867                11.296                11.229         11.916
                                                                                        9.125
10.000
    0
              2005                  2006                  2007           2008               2010

                          MoD                                 SAF                      Total

              The number of personnel does not include military self
                       funded institutions, 2.549 posts.
                                                                                                         11
       DEFENSE BUDGET




                                            personnel
 Restrictive defense budget   50%                                 76%

 For the period 2011 - 2014                operational
  between 2,11 and 2,4% GDP          30%                  15%

 Inadequate budget                         investment
  allocation.
                                      20%            9%


                               GOAL                         2010




                                                                     12
   MILITARY STAFF PYRAMID



            4337
4,500

4,000

3,500                                                         3041             3090
                                            2934                                                  3101
                                2854
3,000   2667             2624
                  2395
2,500                                          2076                2071
                                                                                  1779               1775
2,000
          2164




                                   1530               1428             1413           1407               1401
1,500
                           1622




                                                                1482
                                             1407

1,000                                                                                   709
                                                                                                            544
 500                46                                  38                                   45
                                       28                                 38                                    45
   0
           2005             2006              2007                2008            2009               2010

         Sec.lt - Capt                  Major                Lt Col            Col                General


                                                                                                                     13
    PROFESSIONALIZATION



Governmental decision on professionalization process
                     (30 Sep 2010)




          Over 15.000 individuals applied, 8.761 accepted.
      At present, 1064 candidates are on training (155 women).   14
            MILTARY EDUCATION


      Establishing Defense University
      Military Academy accredited for
           5 study programs for undergraduate studies and
           4 study programs for master studies

Interest of candidates for education at MA and                   Military Medical Academy:
               Mil. Grammar School
1400                                                                20 people educated in 2009
1200                                                                 (2 foreign students)
             1.259
1000
 800                                            1.029               30 people in 2010
 600
                                                                     (2 foreign students)
 400
 200                                                       120
                          240
   0
                     participants for MA
                     number of places
                     participants for Mil.Grammar School
                     number of places


                                                                                             15
       MILITARY HEALTHCARE




   Reform of military healthcare system

   40% of MMA capacity and part of military
    hospitals capacities functionally integrated in
    the healthcare system of Serbia

   First generation of students of medicine



                                                      16
SURPLUS OF WEAPON ORDNANCES




   37.000 t




                    20.300 t




  Surplus of 17.000t of weapon ordinances out of which
               about 5.000t in open space.
                                                         17
         SAF REPUTATION




   New unit emblems

   Formed Media Center

   Reputation of SAF
    •   Least corrupted
    •   Public trust rating – 2nd place


                                          18
       INTERNATIONAL MILITARY COOPERATION




Bilateral cooperation
   Partnership relations with more than 50 states

   18 Defense Cooperation Agreements signed from 2007
    (MoD total 38)

   15 High Level Visits (11 abroad and 4 in Serbia) in 2010

   28 donation protocols (EUR 7,5 million – largest
    donators USA, Norway, Denmark, Italy, China,...)

                                                           19
    INTERNATIONAL MILITARY COOPERATION



Bilateral cooperation
 Meetings     with all defense ministers in the SEE
 Region
 Signed agreements on cooperation in the field of
 defense with all countries in the region
          for establishing cooperation in the field of
 Initiative
 defense with Albanian MoD
 Meetings  with US vice president Joseph Biden,
 Secretary of State Hilary Clinton and Secretary of
 Defense Robert Gates
                                                         20
                  INTERNATIONAL MILITARY COOPERATION
                             Ministerial visits


                     20
                                                         18
                     15

                                                                   11
                     10                            9
                                   7           7
                       5   5                                  4
                                       1
                       0
                            June
                                       2008.       2009.      2010.
                           2007.
 In R.of Serbia                5           1            9         4
 Abroad                        7           7           18         11
Bilateral + multilateral       4+3         5+2         12+6       9+2
                                                                        21
           EDUCATION IN SERBIA AND ABROAD (at the moment)


In Serbia - 40                                             In Abroad
                  2       8                   25

                                     5        20
         20
                                              15
                                5
                                              10

     MA (MNЕ)                                  5

     Com. Staff Course (MNЕ, B&H, CHN)         0


                                                          USA 21
                                                        Greece 8
                                                          Italy 6
                                                        China 4
     Gen. Staff Course (MNЕ, AUS, TUR, B&H)




                                                          UK 2
                                                          RF 2
                                                    Norway 1
                                                   Germany 1
                                                    France 1
     Master of tech. science (ALG)

     MMA (MNЕ, BiH)
                                                                       22
                                                                            22
         REGIONAL COOPERATION



   Improved cooperation with countries in the region

   Accession to SEDM full membership
   Offer the capacities of regional level
    • Military Medical Academy

    •   NBC Center
    •   PSO Center
    •   Technical Overhaul Facility Kragujevac
    •   South Base Training Capacities

                                                        23
      INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRAINING FACILITIES



                   Military Base ″South″




 35 ha + 65 ha
 66 facilities of 22.000 m2
 Capacity - 1.000 soldiers
                                               24
        INTERNATIONAL MILITARY COOPERATION



Cooperation with NATO
 Reestablishment of the meetings CMD KFOR & SAF CHOD
 Practical cooperation with the KFOR
 Codification Agreement was signed
 Serbian Military mission was open on September 24
 Reactivating of the Defense Reform Group (DRG) with 6
  Working tables (DRG started 2006, by support of Norway –
  CPE)
 Under register for confidential information in MoD is fully
  operational                                               25
CURRENT PSO DEPLOYMENT


          LIBERIA            CHAD
        UNMIL 2003         MINURCAT
                              2009




         IVORY COAST
            UNOCI
             2004



                DR CONGO
                 MONUC
                 AMET-15
                   2003



                               26
         INTERNATIONAL EXERCISES IN 2010



Exercises in 2010
(conducted or in the planning procedure)

   „TISA 2010“ (SRB/HUN/ROM, July, 24 SAF members),
   „SABER DAWN 2010“ (SRB/USA/ROM, July, 36 SAF members)
   „EURAD 2010“ (SRB+8 EUR countries, Sep, 14 SAF members)
   „COMBINED ENDEAVOR 2010“ (38 Countries, Sep, 32 SAF members)
   “SHABLA” Shooting range for AAD Units (Bug, Sep, 60 SAF members)
   „SEESIM 2010“ (13 SEDM Countries + USA, Oct,)
   „BAČKA 2010“ (SRB/HUN, Nov)
   „EURASIAN STAR 2010“ in Turkie
   “VIKING 2011” in Sweeden
   “AIR SOLUTION 2011” (SRB/ROM/USA) in Romania …
                                  27                             27
        INTERNATIONAL EXERCISES IN 2011



   AIR SOLUTION 2011
   STEADFAST MOVE
   STEADFAST JUNCTURE
   COOPERATIVE LANCER
   COOPERATIVE LONGBOW
   COOPERATIVE ARCHER
   COMBINED ENDEAVOR 2011
   BALKAN ENERGY SECURITY EXERCISE
   MARINES 2011
   SABER DAWN 2011




                             28           28
          KEY EVENTS IN 2011




   Strategic military Partner Conference (NATO and PfP
    CHODs meeting in Serbia, 13-15 Jun 2011)
   First IPAP from Sep 2011
   Regional Medical Conference (Belgrade, Apr/May)
   SEEC (Belgrade, political directors level)
   SEECP (Belgrade, ministerial level)
   Defense Exhibition “Partner 2011” (Belgrade, Jun)
   Ceremony of SAF Officers Promotion (Belgrade, Sep)


                                                          29
        PRIORITIES IN THE FOLLOWING PERIOD



 To complete the professionalization process
 Modernization and equipping
 Joint training and larger participation in peacekeeping
  missions (EU, UN)
 More active participation in PfP program
 Strengthening regional cooperation
 To intensify bilateral military cooperation, especially
  military-economic cooperation
 Education and specializations of MoD and SAF members
  abroad
                                                            30
        PRIORITIES IN THE FOLLOWING PERIOD




   Cooperation with NATO (PfP, IPP, DRG, PARP, IPAP)

   Cooperation with USA (SPP with Ohio, IMET, Training)

   Cooperation with EU (Security Sector Reform,
    Agreement on participation in EU civilian and military
    missions)



                                                             31
      BILATERAL COOPERATION WITH NORWAY




    Main Areas of Cooperation

   Military medical cooperation
   Reform of defense system, military education
    system and scientific research activity
   Public relations
   PRISMA
   Learning English language – PELT
   South East European Clearinghouse – SEEC
                                                   32
      BILATERAL COOPERATION WITH NORWAY



Donations (approx. 4 million €)

•   Field hospital II level
•   Digitalization of the Military Archive
•   Donation for Software package COSTMOD 4.0
•   Creation of the new identity МoD and finalization of
    the communication and public relations strategy
•   Medical, computers and office equipment

In Preparation
• Equipment for NBCD Regional Training Center
• Advanced Program of the Security System Reform

                                                           33
      BILATERAL COOPERATION WITH NORWAY




MINURCAT - PSO in Chad

I rotation - 6 members of MoD – surgical team
(23rd of June 2009 - 21st of October 2010)
II rotation – 21 members of MoD - 4 staff officers and
17 medical personnel
(14th of October 2009 – 20th of April or 21st of May 2010)



                                                             34
THANK YOU FOR
  ATTENTION!


                35

				
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