handout by yanyanliu123

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									                                                           30
                                                                  Aethalometer
                                                                 (880 nm, 1/Mm)
                                                                                                                                   Projects
  300
                                                           20
                                                                                                                                    ACTRIS            (2011 – 2015)
                                                                                                                                   (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases
                                                           10                                                                      Research InfraStructure Network)
  200
                                                                                                                                   http://www.actris.net (FP7)
                     CO                                     0
  100
                   (ppbv )                                  2003        2004       2005       2006       2007       2008    2009    PEGASOS (2011 – 2014)
                                                                                                     Years                                                                            Study)
                                                                                                                                   (The Pan-European Gas-AeroSOls-climate interaction Study                             Environmental Chemical                                           University of Crete
      0                                                                                                                            http://pegasos.iceht.forth.gr (FP7)                                                   Processes Laboratory
           01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
                           Month
                                                                                                                                    CITYZEN (2004 – 2008)
  800
                                                                                  0.75
                                                                                              NO2
                                                                                                                                   (megaCITY - Zoom for the ENvironment)
                                                                                                                                   https://wiki.met.no/cityzen/start (FP7)                                                             Finokalia Station
                                                           SMPS                   0.50      (ppbv )                                 CIRCE          (2008 – 2011)                                                                                  (35o 20' N, 25o 40' E, 250 m asl)
                                                                                                                                   (climate change impacts in the Mediterranean area)
                                                                                                                                    climate                                                                                                      (http://finokalia.chemistry.uoc.gr)
                                                                                                                                   http://www.circeproject.eu (FP6)
                                                                                  0.25
 nm




  100
                                                                                                                                    EUCAARI (2007 – 2011)
                                                                                  0.00                                             (European Integrated project on Aerosol
                                                                                         01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12       Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions)
                                                                                                        Month
                                                                                                                                   http://www.atm.helsinki.fi/eucaari (FP6)
      10
           0         3       6          9      12
                                            Hours
                                                      15    18     21        24                                                     EUSAAR              (2006 – 2011)
                                                                                                                                   (European Supersites for Atmospheric Aerosol Research)
                                                                                                                                    European
                                                                                                                                   http://www.eusaar.net (EU-funded I3)
                                                                                  60
                                                                                          Ozone
100                                                                               55
                                                                                  50
                                                                                          (ppb v )                                  ACCENT (2004 – 2010)
 80                                                                                                                                (Atmospheric Composition Chanse
                                                                                  45
                                                                                                                                   the European NeTwork of Excellence)
 60                                                                               40                                               http://www.accent-network.org (FP6)
                                                                                  35
 40
                                                                                  30
                                                                                         01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
                                                                                                                                    PHOENICS (2002 – 2004)
 20            Radon ( pC/m 3 )                                                                  Months (1997 - 2009)              (Particles of Human Origin Extinguishing
                                                                                                                                   Natural solar radiation In Climate Systems)
  0
                                                                                                                                   http://phoenics.chemistry.uoc.gr (FP5)
   2001            2002      2003           2004    2005    2006       2007
                                        Months                                                                                      ADIOS (2001 – 2004)
                                                    9.0                                                                            Atmospheric Deposition and Impact
                                                                                                     nss-SO 4-2
                                                                                                                                   on the Open Mediterranean Sea)
                                                                                                       (µgr/m 3 )
                                                                                                                                   http://forecast.uoa.gr/adios/index.html
                                                    6.0
                                                                                                                                   (EVK3 CT 2000 00035)

                                                    3.0                                                                             SUB-AERO (2000 – 2002)
                                                                                                                                   (Subgrid Scale Investigations of Factors Determining
                                                                                                                                   the Occurence of Ozone and Fine Particles)
                                                    0.0                                                                            http://www.nilu.no/projects/sub-aero (FP5)
                                                      1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
                                                                                            Year
                                                                                                                                    MINOS (07/2001 -08/2001)
                                                                                                                                                    08/2001)
100                                                                                                                                Mediterranean INtensive Oxidant Study)
                                                     PM10 concentration                                                                                                                                                 80
                                                                                                                                   http://www.mpch-mainz.mpg.de/~reus/minos
 80                                                                3
                                                           (µg/m )
                                                                                                                                     EL CID (1999 – 2001)




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ozone (ppb v )
 60                                                                                                                                                                                                                     60
                                                                                                                                   (Evaluation of the Climatic Impact of Dimethyl Sulphide)
 40                                                                                                                                (EVK2 CT 1999 00033)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        40
 20                                                                                                                                  MEDUSE (1996 – 1998)
  0                                                                                                                                (MEditerranean DUSt Experiment) (ENV4- CT95-0036)
                                                                                                                                                                          CT95
  2004               2005           2006      2007       2008                  2009                                                                                                                                     20
                                       Years (day average)                                                                         Databases
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0
                                                                                                                                   •EBAS
      2500                                                                                                                            http://ebas.nilu.no                                                                 1997           1999          2001     2003     2005     2007           2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Years
      2000                PM10
                                    3
                                                                                                                                   •EMEP (only ozone)
                         (µgr/m )                                                                                                                                         rogramme)
                                                                                                                                     (European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme)
      1500                                                                                                                           http://www.emep.int                                                                                                      Contact
      1000                                                                                                                         •Create                                                                                        Prof. Nikos Mihalopoulos (mihalo@chemistry.uoc.gr)
                                                                                                                                     (Construction, use and delivery of a European aerosol database)                           Prof. Euripides Stephanou (stephanou@chemistry.uoc.gr)
          500                                                                                                                        http://www.nilu.no/projects/ccc/create                                             For data request: Dr. Giorgos Kouvarakis, (kouvarak@chemistry.uoc.gr )

               0                                                                                                                   •Aeronet                                                                                              Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory
                   16                                                   17                                                 18        (Aerosol Robotic Network)                                                                           Department of Chemistry - University of Crete
                                                                                                                                     http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov
                                                                   April 2005                                                                                                                                                          P.O. Box 2208 - 71003, Voutes, Heraklion, Greece
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Measurements
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Aerosols Sampling (low volume), (since 10/1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Ions, Metalls, Organic, PON, P)


                                                                                                                                                                                                    Aerosols Sampling (High volume), (since 10/1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Organic compounds)


                                                                                                                                                                                                    Gas Phase Sampling (low volume), (since 10/1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    VI (Virtual Impactors), (since 07/2004)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    aerosol sampler (fine - coarse mode)


                                                                                                                                                                                                    SDI (Small Deposit area Impactors), (since 07/2004)
                                                                                                                                                                                                     aerosol sampler (12 collecting stages)


                                                                                                                                                                                                    PM1 aerosol sampler, (since 07/2007)
                                                                                                      Mediterranean,
                                                                                   In the East Mediterranean Finokalia is
                                                                                   characterized by the existence of two well-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Wet Deposition Sampling, (since 10/1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Ions, Metals, Organic, PON, P)
                                                                                   distinguished seasons equally distributed
                                                                                                      year:
                                                                                   through out the year The dry season (from
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Dry Deposition Sampling, (since 10/1996)
                                                                                   April to September) and the wet season (from
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Ions, Metals, Organic, PON, P)
                                                                                   October to April).
                                                                                   5-days backward trajectory analysis showed                                                                       Meteorological Station, (since 10/1996)
                                                                                   that the dry season is mainly characterized (up                                                                  (Win Speed, Win Direction, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Solar Radiation)
                                                                                   to 90%) by winds of N/NW direction (Central
                                                                                   and Eastern Europe and Balkans) and high                                                                         Ozone (49C Thermo / 1008 Dasibi), (since 08/1997)
FINOKALIA monitoring station of the Environmental                                  speed. During the wet season the prevalence of
Chemical Processes Laboratory, Chemistry Department,                               the N/NW sector is less pronounced while                                                                         NO / NO2 (42C Thermo), (since 09/1998)
University of Crete, is located on the north coast of Crete                        important transport from Sahara (S/SW winds;
                                                                                   occurrence up to 20 takes place.
                                                                                                      20%)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    CO, (48C thermo), (since 09/1998)
70 km to the East of Heraklion that is the nearest large      30
urban centre (150 000 inhabitants). The station is facing
                                                                      Temperature
                                                                         (o C)                                         100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                    JO1D, (from 07/2001 Until 02/2006) / JNO2, (since 07/2001)
the sea within a sector 270o to 90o. The nearest village      20

(10 inhabitants) is at 3 km to the south of the station. No                                              Frequency %
                                                                                                                       80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Aethalometer (AE-30 Magee), (since 10/1996)
                                                              10                                                       60%
significant human activities occur within 15km in that                                                                 40%                                                                          PM10 mass measurement (FH 62 I-R thermo), (since 08/2004)
‘sea’ sector.                                                  0
                                                                                                                                                            1997 - 2006
                                                                                                                       20%
The station is part of the EUSAAR (European Supersites         8
                                                                       W ind Speed
                                                                                                                                              NE        N    NW      W    S/SW        E             Radon / Thoron, (since 07/2000)
                                                                                                                        0%
for Atmospheric Aerosol Research) and ACTRIS                   7           (m/s)
                                                                                                                              01   02   03   04    05       06 07    08   09     10       11   12

(ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research            6
                                                                                                                                                            M onth                                  Nephelometer (M903 - Radiance Research), (since 07/2001)
InfraStructure) Networks and also reports to the EMEP          5
                                                                                                                                                                                                    PSAP (Particle Soot Absorption Photometer)
database.                                                      4
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (Radiance Research), (from 07/2001 Until 06/2008)
                                                              85
                                                                        Humidity
                                                                          (%)
                                                              75                                                                                                                                    SMPS (Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer), (since 06/2008)
                                                              65
                                                                                                                                                                                                    PILS (Particle Into Liquid Sampler),                (since 07/2011)
                                                              55
                                                                   01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
                                                                                 2001 - 2007

								
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