A/1 HELPING THE SUDANESE REFUGEES IN CHAD
Recognizing that Sudanese refugees in refugee camps in Chad are still in danger from being attacked by rebel groups, along with the chance of a possible diplomatic fallout between Sudan and Chad because they accuse each other for supporting the others rebel groups,
Realizing the lack of resources and sanitation in the camps, as well as the difficulty and danger of transporting supplies, has posed a major problem for the people’s well being,
Recalling that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has established twelve refugee camps along the border of Chad containing approximately 240,000 refugees along with donating over thirty million dollars to the refugee camps,
Gravely concerned that if these refugees are not helped now they will loose their lives to starvation, disease, and attacks,
1. Requests that more UNAMID peace keepers, in the area, are relocated to these refugee camps where certain amounts of peace keepers will be stationed at certain refugee camps, with the amounts of peace keepers determined by the size of each camp;
2. Strongly Recommends that, during the rainy season especially, helicopters are used to transport peacekeepers and supplies for refugee camps, as helicopters are faster than most land-based vehicles and keep their cargo safer;
3. Urges that the refugee camps get better treatment for disease through donors like the World Health Organization (WHO) and that more food is donated through organizations like the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the World Food Program (WFP) as disease and malnutrition are problems within these camps:
(a) These supplies can be delivered by car or an armored vehicle for protection when it is not the rainy season;
(b) Tents can be set up where members of WHO can provide medical aid to anyone who needs it;
4. Encourages that once a refugee is healthy and able to, he/she may work for a Chadian business for a minimum wage or for free, thus helping Chad’s economy;
5. Greatly Appreciates that, in order to decrease the chance of a diplomatic fallout between Sudan and Chad, a peace conference involving members of the UN and AU be held, where Sudan and Chad agree that neither of them has, in the past, or will ever in the future, support opposing rebel groups.
SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF REGUGEES IN CHAD The General Assembly, Realizing that 200,000 refugees are living in refugee camps in Chad, Recognizing that the UNHCR is trying its hardest to move refugees out of the border for security and service purposes, Noting that the document “Sudanese Refugees in Chad” states that 40,000 refugees in Chad are under the age of 18, Keeping in mind A/60/12 states that water is not always available and not clean for the refugees, Supporting doing anything to stop this conflict by any means, 1. Considers focusing on the refugee’s safety by providing military services and security recourses in every refugee camp to assure they don’t get hurt and they have the best safety possible; 2. Requests providing more food and recourses to refugee camps by asking more developed nations for financial support or the WFP for more food so the Chad citizens do not have to give up there own recourses; 3. Suggests building a lot more water wells around each refugee camp by getting people to come in and build them without any other reason so these refugees will have clean water to drink; 4. Urges refugee children to be educated better by providing school supplies and trained tutors to help them and stay with the children at the refugee camps; 5. Welcomes building more refugee camps around Chad for the people who come in from Darfur and these refugee camps will provide food and recourses for them and give them the care they need to be protected; 6. Emphasizes trying to get refugees off the border of Chad and getting them into Chad to be safe by having UN peacekeepers come in and help these refugees get into safer camps.
A/3 Committee: UNHCR Topic: Impact of Sudanese refugees on Chad Violent acts Affect all of Fragile Chad and the newly Homeless of Sudan General Assembly, Recognizing that there have been than two million people forced out of their homes, and that number is still growing, in Sudan into surrounding countries including Chad as well as becoming an internally displaced person (IDP), or fleeing to other countries, and that this has been affecting the economy of these countries greatly, Understanding the fact that the situation in Darfur threatens thousands of lives including those of innocent civilians every day and that the terror and fighting has begun spreading to other areas in the middle east and throughout the world, Realizing that these refugees need a safe place to go, that has all of the necessities and clean facilities as it’s not their fault that this ruthless fighting has been tearing the country apart at the seams, Appreciating the many efforts by internal Chadian organizations such as the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society in giving their support to refugees inside and out of Chad’s borders, as well as for their aid in educating the world on the situation, Noting that the problem has filled Chad with refugees, with them spilling into surrounding countries as well as others as far away as Australia ,just to name one, into camps that are not clean and may be disease ridden, 1. Urges the Refugee camps to be checked by a board to be sure that the conditions are safe and comply with the UN constitution of human rights for these people may be staying here for many years and no person deserves to be denied their rights, especially when they were forced against their will to leave or it was not safe enough to stay; 2. Supports that many have been working to educate the world on the issues of this area and would like to see this continuing with educational television programs, more fundraisers, and not allowing any one country to be ignorant o this problem as it affects all of us and next time it could be them; 3. Calls for a new UN sponsored organization to be on constant alert of changes in the fighting and the most recent numbers of refugees and to be on alert of when and if there are any places in Sudan in which some refugees can be repatriated or where the fighting has ceased and
peacekeeping troops can go in to start rebuilding. This organization would also be in charge of keeping tabs on all who have left the country and what their destination is; 4. Requests the expansion of the number of areas where the refugees can be placed into camps, with free or inexpensive transportation to these areas for there are many (80%) that are women and children with the man of the family been killed in all of the violence; 5. Expresses its hope that the UN continues to treat this as an extremely important issue while trying to find a resolution that will not only stop the fighting but allow all refugees to be able to return to the place of their citizenship or their parent’s citizenship if under the age of 21; 6. Regrets allowing this problem to advance to this level and putting all of these people out of homes. Not only is this ruining the lives of the people becoming refugees, it is ruining the economy of the countries that have to house all of the refugees. As more and more are forced out, it will only get worse and worse; 7. Further invites the UN to consider sending peacekeeping troops to the area to work to create a safe environment and to try to rebuild all of the homes destroyed in the conflict so that we can get all of the refugees and IDP’s back to their homes; 8. Has resolved to sending these refugees all over the world and but we hope to keep these people from setting down roots in the countries of their camps so that when this is resolved they will return to the country of their family’s origin. This may cause conflict if we cannot successfully repatriate the refugees; 9. Trusts that if simple precautions are taken, such as keeping fighting out of the areas where there is none right now and gradually moving in on the fighting until we have it cornered, there will be an easy way to get this solved and stop the fighting; 10. Further Proclaims that we understand that these refugees (especially the ones in Chad or another foreign country) may be out of their places of birth or citizenship for a long time and would like to make sure that they have some sort of permanent residence where they could raise their families and live their lives.
A/4 Committee: UNHCR
Possible Solutions to the Problem of Refugees of the Darfur Conflict General Assembly, Taking into account that the outbreak of the conflict in Darfur on February 26, 2003, displaced the Sudanese people, many of whom have fled to refugee camps in eastern Chad, while the others wait on the border or are internally displaced in Sudan, Recognizing that the refugee population in Eastern Chad is approximately 195,000-200,000 and that the increasing amount of Sudanese people who are living in Chad’s refugee camps has caused tension between the two countries in the past, Noting with satisfaction that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has already strongly condemned the forced recruitment of men and boys from Sudanese refugee camps into Chadian armed groups and has established a repatriation programme for the returning of Sudanese refugees to their home country after the conflict is finished, Appreciating the many efforts by Non-Governmental Organizations, such as the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) and many others, to improve the lives of Sudanese refugees within the refugee camps and spread awareness of the problems the refugees of the conflict in Darfur face, Encouraged that the Security Council has made the Darfur conflict one of its main priorities, has called for peacekeeping troops to assist in protecting the civilians in Sudan and has passed a resolution, known as Resolution 1706, that called for a United Nations peacekeeping troops to supplement the poorly equipped African troops, Realizing the Chadians have only recently, on February 11, 2008, stated the refusal of entry of anymore Sudanese refugees and suggested that the Sudanese refugees living in camps should be moved to another country, 1. Urges that the security of refugee camps be improved, providing the refugees with peace of mind after having lost their homes in the Darfur conflict, and stresses that: a. A justice system must be established in refugee camps to prevent the abuse of women and children, b. Forced labor and forced recruitment of the Sudanese refugees into Chad armed groups must not continue;
2. Supports the use of peacekeeping troops to help alleviate the Darfur conflict in hopes that an end to the conflict will result in the successful end of the issue of Sudanese refugees deeply impacting Chad’s government;
3. Asks that other countries accept a certain amount of refugees into their countries to live within a refugee camp until the end of the Darfur conflict so that Chadians do not have to risk overpopulation of refugees within their country;
4. Approves of the creation of new refugee camps in surrounding countries that accept the entry of Sudanese refugees into their borders; 5. Suggests dealing with the problem of overcrowding within already existing camps by: a. establishing an exact amount of people that can live in a camp before they must be moved to another already existing camp or a newly established camp, b. improving road access to the camps so that organizations will not have as much of a difficult time carrying valuable supplies to and from the refugee camps; 6. Commends the work of NGO’s in aiding the victims of the Darfur conflict and acknowledges that NGO support on the subject must continue, especially in subjects related to: a. The improvement of healthcare and the meeting of the needs that refugees living in existing refugee camps have, b. the rebuilding of the homes and assistance in the repatriation of the refugees who fled from Darfur after the conflict is over, c. spreading awareness of the state of the refugee camps and the Darfur conflict in hopes to help return peace to the Darfur region so that the refugees may return home;
7. Stresses that the Darfur conflict must be resolved in order for the problem of Sudanese refugees impacting Chad and other countries to be resolved as well;
8. Expresses great interest in the repatriation programme that has been established for the Sudanese refugees to return their home country once the Darfur conflict has been ended and adds that:
a. Rebuilding homes that had been destroyed in the conflict should be a major effort for organizations helping the Sudanese recover from the Darfur conflict, b. The country must be stable in order for the refugees to be able to return, so that they are not unknowingly returning to a dangerous situation, c. Improving road access would also help in the moving of the refugees across the Chad-Sudan border efficiently and easily; 9. Encourages the Chadian government to allow the existing refugee camps to remain until the conflict in Sudan is improved by: a. Ensuring support if refugees rebel and threaten to take over the country, b. Allowing the government to refuse requests of citizenship of a large amount of Sudanese refugees; 10. Requests that the topic of Sudanese refugees in Chad be placed at the top of the Economic and Social Committee agenda as it greatly overlaps with many human rights and economic issues and perhaps that: a. The topic of Sudanese refugees becomes a top priority of the General Assembly, b. The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) will also help the child refugees who have been separated from family and face hardships within refugee camps.
A/5 Committee: UNHCR Topic: Sudanese Refugees in Chad Recognizing, that Nepalese refugees are seeking refuge in Bhutan in search of farmland and economic prosperity. Keeping in mind, UNHCR has worked to provide assistance to both refugees and IDPs as a result of the situation of Nepalese refugees. Expecting, most countries with excess refugee problems, to follow the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1. Provide funding for refugees and internally displaced persons (IDP’s) through: a. UNHCR and the IRC who together created the Surge Project i. Which will provide water sanitation, food, and protection ii. They are also creating refugee camps to help refugees with education. b. United Nations Population Fund which will help with problems involving Aids, Measles, and Malaria. 2. Calls upon countries to help refugees and IDP’s by: a. Convention relating to the Status of Refugees which will ensure full rights for refugees and IDP’s. b. UNHCR and World Bank; Micro-Credits, small loans given for use in business activities and Micro-land owning small amount of land given to grow crops i. With the micro-credit use the money to grow crops by buying fertilizer and water ii. When the crops grow more and more sell them to repay micro-creditors. 3. Draws attention to countries to generate a cleaner environment for refugees through: a. NGO’s such as Amnesty International , Red Cross, and Doctors without Borders to help and distribute aid b. UN Country Team which will help countries with refugee problems with solutions to the problem
i. UN country team was successful in Rwanda and Iraq
4. Stresses the need to establish access to clean water for refugees: a. PVC straws, which help take out the Guinea worm i. PVC straws are low at price ii. They have also have helped Nepal and other countries b. Water Environment Sanitation and Shelter
It entails installing water pumps and tanks for clean drinking water ii. Building latrines and improving the surface drainage system c. World Health Organization (WHO) or The Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) which is water pilot initiative led by the WHO. i. The purpose of the GLAAS pilot report is to present the concept of a global reporting mechanism to inform policymaking in the sanitation and drinking-water sectors. ii. This has worked in many countries such as Nepal and Sudan
B/1 REPATRIATION OF SUDANESE REFUGEES The UNHCR, Recalling that the Sudanese refugees returning to their homes require constant assistance for the first six months before they can make a successful reintegration back into their societies, Recognizing that the tripartite commission resolved to organize a donor conference to raise funds for repatriation and reintegration programs in areas of Uganda that contained Sudanese refugees, Noting that, in 2007, refugees returning from Ethiopia were given special care packages to make the trip easier, as well as three months of food, seeds, and tools from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP), Bearing in mind that if these refugees are not assisted or reintegrated back into society once repatriated, they could be in an even worse situation than before, 1. Recommends that donated helicopters be used, when possible, to transport refugees back to their communities, because of their speed, safety, ability to access rural areas, and usefulness during the rainy season; 2. Encourages that special care packages, including blankets, sleeping mats, a water filter, a sanitary kit, plastic sheeting, mosquito nets, plastic buckets, kitchen utensils, and soap, be given to all refugees returning to Sudan, as they were given to refugees returning from Ethiopia; 3. Invites the WFP and the FAO to provide four months of food and three months of seeds, and tools to refugees that return to Sudan because an extra month of food allows for some more time for the refugees to find a way to support themselves without having to worry too much about food; 4. Requests that camps with medical tents providing treatment by a member of the World Health Organization (WHO), much like refugee camps, be built outside large communities that were destroyed in the fighting, so refugees, returning to a destroyed home, can be safe and sheltered till their homes can be rebuilt; 5. Urges that the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) creates small schools within communities of repatriated refugees and camps of refugees living just outside their rebuilding communities, so the refugees can have a better chance of finding a job, with conditions involving:
The teaching of basic education in math;
(b) With special attention given to teaching literacy; (c) Being taught how to farm a small variety of plant types usually farmed in the area, mainly, the kinds of seeds given to the refugees by the WFP and FAO when they enter Sudan.
B/2 UNHCR Repatriation of Refugees
PROTECTING REFUGEES AND DISPLACES PERSONS The General Assembly, Recognizing that many refugees want to be home rather than the refugee camps, Realizing that A/60/300 states that refugees are not getting the proper needs and care at the refugee camps, Recalling that the refugees cannot go back to their homelands because it is invaded with rebels, Noting that A/RES/59/172 states that displaced persons and refugees are not being protected well enough, Keeping in mind that a humanitarian issue is occurring and something needs to be done, 1. Suggests making the refugee’s homes safer by having military forces monitor the area and assure that it is safe before they enter; 2. Requests providing food and recourses from the WFP and other NGOs for the refugees in the camps who need them; 3. Considers solving the problem with the rebels invading countries by having peaceful conventions in that country between the different groups so the refugees can go back to their homelands; 4. Approves of displaced persons and refugees being protected by military forces and UN peacekeepers in refugee camps by having them stay with the displaced persons and refugees too assure they are safe all the time; 5. Calls upon making sure the displaced persons and refugees have identity cards and information that way when they go places people can keep track of them and know where they are at all times; 6. Supports refugees being treated equally too others and wants to protect them with forces to keep watch of them and take proper care of them.
B/3 Committee: UNHCR Topic: Repatriation of Refugees Repatriation or Forcing into Dangerous Territory? General Assembly, Realizing that the formal definition of the word repatriation is to bring or send back a person to his or her country or land of citizenship or to send back to one’s own country and that this means that they must have left their country of origin and this will have an effect on the culture of a country when they return, Affirming that the repatriation of refugees is extremely delicate and needs to be done slowly with checkpoints often and area by area, Keeping in mind that over 30% of Refugees leave and do not want to go back to the place from which they left due to psychological issues, fear that they will be forced out once again, or they have put down roots in that new town or country. Taking into consideration the delicate stage of these countries after fighting, war, or other reasons for an evacuation as well as taking a close look at the state that the refugees are in, Aware of the many dangers that repatriation can cause, and has in past attempts, in a recovering economy or country, 1. Takes note of how difficult it is to reintroduce refugees to the area of their birth, we need to start with small town or areas and move very slowly making sure that every step of the way there is a checkpoint that makes sure everything is going smoothly and that everyone is getting settled back in without complication; 2. Requesting the assistance of peacekeeping troops stationed at the places where the repatriation is occurring to ensure a smooth transition and to alert the UN id suspicious activity arises; 3. Stresses the importance of acceptance from the citizens that never left their homes to the citizens coming back to the place that had been in conflict; 4. Encourages the set up of a plan that will go into effect should the country go have a new conflict or if there are any other threatening issues in need of an evacuation of an area again
5. Further recommends the refugees are moved back in slowly and must bring all those that had left the country as well as all of the direct descendants of that person or people unless the descendants have more than half of their lineage from the place of the refugee camp. 6. Authorizes the mandatory move of all refugees back to the evacuated area to repopulate the area and prevent overpopulation in any given city or area as well as to keep the population of neighboring countries jumping around too much; 7. Has resolved to slowly reintroduce refugees into their homeland or family’s country where they belong and need to be.
B/4 Committee: UNHCR Solutions to Increase the Speed of the Process of Repatriation of Refugees General Assembly, Reaffirming that not all forms of repatriation are voluntary and that in some cases, refugees are forced to return to their countries when conditions within the country have not improved and the environment is still harmful to the refugees’ health and rights, Noting with satisfaction that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has already established repatriation programmes for the refugees displaced in the Darfur conflict of Sudan and has planned to return approximately 800,000 Ugandan refugees to their home country after the Ugandan government has signed a ceasefire with the Lord’s Resistance Army, Taking into account that many countries that refugees flee to are not in a stable situation themselves, which could lead to the endangerment of both the refugees and the people that already reside within that country and that refugees are often oppressed or alienated in countries where they flee to, Aware that many refugees are reluctant to return to their own countries by voluntary repatriation after a violent conflict, such as the conflicts in Darfur and Uganda, and prefer to till their land and do their work during the day only to return to the relative safety of refugee camps at night rather than live within their country again, Keeping in mind that most refugees’ homes are destroyed in the conflicts that displaced them and forced them to flee the country, making it exceptionally harder for refugees to accept voluntary repatriation unless they are confident that they can rebuild their own homes or that other organizations will assist them in rebuilding their homes, Appreciating the work of the United Nations World Food Programme, a programme which provides refugees in camps with food and water, the World Health Organization, which helps maintain the health of refugees within camps, and the Foodfor-Work and Tools-for-Work programmes, programmes started by the World Food Programme that use community manpower to improve road access to allow for both the entry of valuable food into the camps and the eventual movement of refugees back to their homelands easier and more efficient; 1. Supports the use of voluntary repatriation to return refugees to their home countries and adds that: a. The situation should be relatively stable in order for the refugees to return, b. All refugees must return home once the situation is stable to avoid conflict with the country that they are staying within caused by: i. Overpopulation of refugees within one country, ii. Fear that the refugees will rebel and overthrow the government;
2. Endorses the continuous work of Non-Governmental Organizations in a. assisting with the care of people inside refugee camp, b. spreading awareness of the many causes of the displacement of refugees in their home countries, thus helping the process of repatriation move at a faster rate, c. helping to rebuild the homes lost in the conflicts that displaced the refugees, allowing them to have a shelter to return to and encouraging them to leave refugee camps; 3. Draws attention to the efforts of the United Nations Food Programme and the Tools-for-work programme and acknowledges that: a. the development of roads is necessary in increasing the efficiency and speed at which the refugees are returned to their home countries, b. the use of community manpower is both efficient and necessary, providing refugees with work and jobs and requiring less funding than foreign attempts at rebuilding or developing; 4. Suggests that a programme, that will be known as the Redevelopment Programme, be established for the sole purpose of rebuilding homes lost in the conflicts that forced refugees out of their countries in hopes that in result: a. more refugees will be willing to return to their own countries, rather than wait in refugee camps for shelter, b. this will encourage the increasing of speed and efficiency in the repatriation process; 5. Encourages the establishment of asylums for refugees fleeing dangerous situations in their countries so that: a. The refugees will not be accused of stealing job opportunities of the native people, b. Xenophobia, the fear of anything foreign, will not result in abuse, persecution and violence against the refugees entering the country, c. The refugees will be able to rest, rather than worry about jobs or persecution, until the conflict in their nation is complete, d. The gathering of refugees to return to their homeland will be much faster if they all live in an asylum than if they are spread about the country; 6. Renews interest in the use of peacekeeping forces to assist in the alleviation of conflicts that displace refugees in hopes that: a. The end of the conflict will also mean the successful repatriation of all refugees displaced at the outbreak of the conflict, b. The faster the conflict is ended, the less time refugees must spend in the country they fled to; 7. Repeats and stresses the importance of development of roads and infrastructure to:
a. the progression of speed and efficiency by which the refugees return to their country b. the improvement of the safety of refugees in crossing the border and returning to their homelands, 8. Urges that conditions in Tajikistan and Afghanistan be dealt with so that refugees within Russian borders can return to their homes because: a. Some estimate over 9 million refugees from Tajikistan and Afghanistan have fled into Russia over the past 10 years, b. The increasing amount of refugees could cause economic and social problems within Russia; 9. Requests the use of armed escorts to ensure the safety of the refugees crossing the borders to return to their homes from a refugee camp or asylum from: a. Radical groups in some countries that refuse the reentry of refugees, b. Xenophobes or racists who choose express their opinions in violent ways (especially a problem in countries with one major ethnicity who are receiving refugees from another); 10. Expresses great interest in the United Nations Repatriation Programme so that Russia can be more active in assisting the refugees within Russian borders leave Russia become repatriated to their home countries once again.
B/5 Committee: UNHCR Recognizing, that there are Children in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia are most endangered in Europe due to both war and sanctions. Keeping in Mind, In Kosovo more than 110 children have been killed or injured by landmines Urging, countries to get help by using the Canfields Mine Action unit (CMA) to get help with post conflict issues such as infrastructure and landmines. 1. Provide funding for IDP’s by: a. NGO’s such as Red Cross and UNHCR i. UNHCR and UNDP have helped many counties with refugee’s problems. b. United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) 2. Calls upon countries to help refugees and IDP’s by: a. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees will ensure full rights for refugees and IDP’s. b. Using the Surge project which a created project by UNHCR and the IRC i. Help build refugee and IDP camps ii. Also, provide water, food, and protection to the refugees 3. Draws attention to countries to: a. Develop refugee camps such as the Oru refugee camp i. To help with education problems ii. To get a better economy by educated citizens b. Try to achieve the 8 MDG’s by participating in varies activities also to use UN country team c. United Nations Population Fund which will help with problems involving Aids, Measles, and Malaria. 1. Stresses the need to establish access to clean water for IDP’s: a. PVC straws, which help take out the Guinea worm i. PVC straws are low at price ii. They have also have helped Nepal and other countries b. Water Environment Sanitation and Shelter i. It entails installing water pumps and tanks for clean drinking water ii. Building latrines and improving the surface drainage system
c. World Health Organization (WHO) or The Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) which is water pilot initiative led by the WHO. i. The purpose of the GLAAS pilot report is to present the concept of a global reporting mechanism to inform policymaking in the sanitation and drinking-water sectors. ii. This has helped countries such as Nepal and Sudan