Interpretation: What is it?
what someone does that makes it possible for you
to understand what a third person is saying (or
signing) when that person is using a language
that you do not understand.
is the competent and accurate use of either of
two naturally evolved languages for the purpose
of negotiating the opportunity for a successful
communicative interaction in real-time within a
triad involving two principal individuals or
groups who are incapable of using, or who prefer
not to use, the language of the other individual or
requires that the interpreter knows both
languages (yours and the language being used by
the other person), understands the meaning of
the specific message being conveyed, determines
how that meaning must be expressed in your
language, and produces an utterance that
expresses that meaning in your language.
there must be at least three individuals involved
in the interaction, two (or more) primary
participants and the interpreter. (Triad)
the interaction belongs to the primary
participants; only they can (or should) introduce
new topics or change topics; only they can
challenge or correct each other; and only they
can determine whether, for them, the interaction
has been successful or not.
each of the primary participants must be
competent in at least one language.
The interpreter must be competent in both
The primary participants may also be fluent in
more than one language, but they either do not
share a common language or they prefer not to
use a shared language for this particular
unlike translations, interpretations occur while the
interaction is taking place. This means that the
interpreter is involved in a rather complicated process.
A overly simplified explanation of this process might be
that the interpreter is producing message A, while
analyzing message B, while receiving message C.
The point is that an interpreter is engaged in several
cognitive tasks simultaneously. This means that the task
is an extremely demanding one.
since the interpreted interaction belongs to the
primary participants, it should be clear that the
interpreter's goal is to make possible the
opportunity for a successful communicative
interaction between the primary participant's.
An interpreter must remain impartial. That is,
the interpreter's allegiance must, as far as
humanly possible, be with the interaction taking
place, not directly with either of the participants.
What constitutes an accurate
The basic answer is that the interpreter must
extract meaning from the message and then
convey that meaning.
The interpreter must first understand the
original message and then determine how that
meaning would be expressed in the other
language. Often understanding what someone
means is not an easy task, even for someone who
does not have to interpret.
What constitutes an accurate
Basically, the interpreter's ability to render an
accurate interpretation is directly related to
whether and how the interpreter understands
the original message.
If the original message is misunderstood, it will
be misinterpreted; if it is not or cannot be
understood, it cannot be interpreted.