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Interpretation Powered By Docstoc
					Interpretation: What is it?

   what someone does that makes it possible for you
    to understand what a third person is saying (or
    signing) when that person is using a language
    that you do not understand.
   is the competent and accurate use of either of
    two naturally evolved languages for the purpose
    of negotiating the opportunity for a successful
    communicative interaction in real-time within a
    triad involving two principal individuals or
    groups who are incapable of using, or who prefer
    not to use, the language of the other individual or
   requires that the interpreter knows both
    languages (yours and the language being used by
    the other person), understands the meaning of
    the specific message being conveyed, determines
    how that meaning must be expressed in your
    language, and produces an utterance that
    expresses that meaning in your language.

   there must be at least three individuals involved
    in the interaction, two (or more) primary
    participants and the interpreter. (Triad)
   the interaction belongs to the primary
    participants; only they can (or should) introduce
    new topics or change topics; only they can
    challenge or correct each other; and only they
    can determine whether, for them, the interaction
    has been successful or not.
Two Languages

   each of the primary participants must be
    competent in at least one language.
   The interpreter must be competent in both
   The primary participants may also be fluent in
    more than one language, but they either do not
    share a common language or they prefer not to
    use a shared language for this particular
In Real-Time

   unlike translations, interpretations occur while the
    interaction is taking place. This means that the
    interpreter is involved in a rather complicated process.
   A overly simplified explanation of this process might be
    that the interpreter is producing message A, while
    analyzing message B, while receiving message C.
   The point is that an interpreter is engaged in several
    cognitive tasks simultaneously. This means that the task
    is an extremely demanding one.
Interaction Goal

   since the interpreted interaction belongs to the
    primary participants, it should be clear that the
    interpreter's goal is to make possible the
    opportunity for a successful communicative
    interaction between the primary participant's.
   An interpreter must remain impartial. That is,
    the interpreter's allegiance must, as far as
    humanly possible, be with the interaction taking
    place, not directly with either of the participants.
What constitutes an accurate

   The basic answer is that the interpreter must
    extract meaning from the message and then
    convey that meaning.
   The interpreter must first understand the
    original message and then determine how that
    meaning would be expressed in the other
    language. Often understanding what someone
    means is not an easy task, even for someone who
    does not have to interpret.
What constitutes an accurate
interpretation? Cont’d)

   Basically, the interpreter's ability to render an
    accurate interpretation is directly related to
    whether and how the interpreter understands
    the original message.
   If the original message is misunderstood, it will
    be misinterpreted; if it is not or cannot be
    understood, it cannot be interpreted.

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