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Horticultural Trade Trends Under NAFTA - USDA Foreign Agricultural

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					U.S. Horticultural Trade Trends Under NAFTA

Fruit & Vegetable Trade Between Canada, Mexico, and the United States Expanding Significantly
Foreign Agricultural Service Horticultural & Tropical Products Division June 2002

Trade Liberalization Has Enhanced U.S. Horticultural Exports to Canada and Mexico
At 7th Year Of NAFTA Combined U.S. Exports Set a Record $4.3 Billion
6 5 4
NAFTA Implementation
U.S. Exports to Mexico

$ Billion

U.S./Canada FTA Implementation

3 2 1 0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census U.S. Exports to Canada

U.S. Horticultural Imports from Canada and Mexico Expanding As Well
Combined U.S. Imports Reached a Record $6.2 Billion in 2001
7 6 5
NAFTA Implementation

$ Billion

4 3 2 1
U.S. Imports from Canada

U.S./Canada FTA Implementation

U.S. Imports from Mexico

0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

U.S. Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Exports to Mexico Continued to Grow in 2001
Shipments of Fresh Produce Set A Record of More than $300 Million in 2001
350 300 250

$ Million

200 150 100 50 0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 Calendar Years

2001

Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Mexico’s Demand for U.S. Processed Vegetables Continues to Increase
Frozen Potato Fries Shipments is an Important Component
300 250 200

$Million

150 100 50

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

2001

0

Mexico Accounts for a Third of U.S. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Exports
Share Has Bounced Back in Recent Years
40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Share of All Horticultrual Exports

U.S. Exports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables to Mexico as a Percentage of Global Sales

Apples are the Top U.S. Fresh Fruit Exported to Mexico
U.S. Apples to Mexico Have Been Plagued with Problems

120 100 80

$ Million

60 40 20 0
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables from Mexico Hit Another Record in 2001
Imports Approaching the $3 Billion Mark
3 2

$ Billion

2 1 1 0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 Calendar Years

2001

Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Mexico Supplies Most of U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
But Share of Mexican Produce in the U.S. Import Market is Decreasing

Share of All Horticultural Imports

80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Percentage of U.S.Fresh Produce Imports Supply by Mexico

Tomatoes are the Leading Fresh Produce the United States Imports from Mexico
Mexican Product Has Given Strong Competition to U.S. Producers

600 500 400

$ Million

300 200 100 0
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

U.S. Horticultural Trade Deficit with Mexico Continues to Expand
A Stronger U.S. Dollar vis-à-vis the Mexican Peso is an Important Factor
Calendar Years
0 12

1993
-0.5

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001
10

-1

Exchange Rate

8

-1.5 6 -2 4 -2.5

Trade Balance
2

-3

-3.5

0

$Billion

1/ Exchange rate in nominal value Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census and Classic Currency Converter.

Mexican Pesos per U.S. Dollars 1/

Canada is the Largest Customer for U.S. Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Exports
Shipments of Fresh Fruits & Vegetables Set A Record $1.5 Billion in 2001
1.6 1.4 1.2

$ Billion

1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 Calendar Years

1999

2001

Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Nearly Half of U.S. Horticultural Exports to Canada Consist of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
Key Products Include Grapes, Citrus, Strawberries, and Tomatoes
100%

Shipments of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables as a Percentage of U.S. Total Horticultural Exports to Canada
50% 0%
1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Canada Holds the Largest Share of U.S. Global Exports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
Nearly All of U.S. Potato Exports are Directed to the Canadian Market
100%

Fresh Potatoes
Cut Flowers Fresh Vegetables Frozen Fruits

Canada’s Share of U.S. Export Value

50%

Juices Canned Vegetables
Canned Fruits Deciduous Fruits

Fresh Citrus

0%

Calendar Year 2001
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Canada’s Share of U.S. Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Exports is Declining
Export Markets for U.S. Fresh Produce Have Become More Diversified
100%

Exports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables to Canada as a Percentage of U.S. Global Shipments
62%

50%

43%

0%
1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Half of U.S. Exports of Fresh Vegetables Destined to Canada
Lettuce, Tomatoes, and Potatoes Lead U.S. Vegetable Exports To Canada
$1,000 $900 $800 $700

U.S. Fresh Vegetable Exports to Canada

Million

$600 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0 1995 1996 1997 1998 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

1999

2000

2001

Lettuce is the Leading Fresh Vegetable the United States Exports to Canada
Accounts for About 20% of Fresh Vegetables Total
180 160 140 120

$ Million

100 80 60 40 20 0 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

U.S. Fresh Lettuce Exports to Canada

U.S. Imports of Canadian Processed Fruits and Vegetables Increasing Sharply
Canada Accounts for a Third of U.S. Imports of Processed Fruits & Vegetables
700 600 500
U.S. Imports of Processed Fruits and Vegetables From Canada

$ Million

400 300 200 100 0 1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

Frozen Vegetables are the Main Processed Horticultural Product the United States Imports from Canada
Frozen potato fries are the leading component
$450 $400 $350 $300

U.S. Frozen Vegetable Imports from Canada

Million

$250 $200 $150 $100 $50 $0 1995 1996 1997 1998 Calendar Years
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census

1999

2000

2001

U.S. Horticultural Trade Surplus with Canada Narrowing
A Strong U.S. Dollar vis-à-vis the Canadian Dollar is an Important Factor
$Billion 3

Canadian Dollars per U.S. Dollars 1/ 1.8

1.6 2.5 1.4

Exchange Rate
2 1.2 1 1.5

Trade Balance
1

0.8 0.6 0.4

0.5 0.2 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Calendar Years

0 1998 1999 2000 2001

1/ Exchange rate in nominal value Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census and Classic Currency Converter.


				
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