S- Nikki Giovanni, VT English professor, author O- Memorial ceremony of murdered students A- The greater VT community: family, students, teachers P- To reflect and motivate S- Reaction to the shootings We Are Virginia Tech: Reflection and remorse (“We are Virginia Tech – We are Virginia Tech”) Global Helplessness: No one deserves a tragedy (“We do not understand…- We are Virginia Tech”) We Will Prevail: Inventing the Future (“The Hokie Nation” – end) Beginning: The tone starts as simplistically despondent Middle (“We do not understand…)”: Empirically sympathetic End (The Hokie Nation…): Reflectively directional Uplifting: heart, strong, brave, unafraid, laugh Progressive: possibilities, invent the future, continue, alive, through all our sadness Gloomy: sad, mourning, tragedy, devastated, killed, cry “We will prevail!” › Gives audience hope “We are strong and brave and innocent and unafraid.” › Provides motivation and shows the audience what positive characteristics they have “And sad enough to know we must laugh again.” › Shows concrete direction 1. In this memorial speech, Nikki Giovanni methodically fulfills her purpose of unification by implementing group diction, powerful repetition, and a unique structure. 2. Nikki Giovanni reinforces the idea of recovery through decisive syntax, positive repetition, and the contradictory pull.
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