Audio-Visual Oral Course

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					SHICT

Audio-Visual Oral Course
www.shict.edu.cn 2007

Unit 2 Spotlight on Africa
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A Very Complex Africa Family lives on one dollar

Egypt Banks on Keeping Tourism

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A Very Complex Africa
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Warm-up questions:
 What facts do you know about Africa?  What are the many problems facing Africa?
        starvation large population (66.2milliom, 12.3%) Wars and tribal conflicts Corruption Disease(AIDS) Poor education Short life span High mortality rate

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A Very Complex Africa
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Purposes of Unit Two
 To understand and appreciate three news reports on “Africa”  To learn some topic-related words, expressions, and sentences  To discuss and present ideas about the problems facing Africa and the reasons  To discuss and present ideas about possible solutions to Africa’s problems

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A Very Complex
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While watching exercises:
1. Fill in the blanks with words you hear.
This is what Africa has in abundance, ______, almost ____ million square miles of desert, savanna, _____ _____, and _____, ____ million in sub-Saharan Africa, ____ of the planet’s population, more than ____ of them children. This too is what Africa has in abundance, _____. Sub-Saharan Africa is the poorest _____ in the world, almost half the people here live on less than ____ cents a day. Malnutrition is a major ____ of child mortality here,one in five children die before reaching the age of ____. So many lives are short, average life _____ for an African is just over ____ years, often less for women, who die ____ children, die of AIDS.

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A Very Complex
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Exercise two: True or false statements:
1.Sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world’s population, but close to 70% of all people living with HIV. 2.Work for most is hard, 57% of Africans live inland, labor as farmers. 3. Corruption and war are also serious problems in Africa. 4. Less than10% of Africans has a computer, only one in forty owns a telephone. 5. In spite of the current poor situation in Africa, it still has great wealth waiting to be explored. 6. Africa is rich in minerals. 7. African people are the most perseverant and resilient people in the world.

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A Very Complex Africa
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 Abundance: a great quantity; plenty
At the party there was food and drink in abundance. The country has an abundance of skilled workers, but not enough jobs.

 Undernourished: not having enough nourishment营养不良的,
半饱状态的 underdevelopment; understatement

underpay;

undercook;

underwear;

 Malnutrition: Poor nutrition because of an insufficient or poorly
balanced diet or faulty digestion or utilization of foods. a malformed (limb), maltreatment, malnutrition

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A Very Complex Africa
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Mortality:.
If this disease spreads, the doctors fear that there’ll be a high mortality (rate).
mortality rate/ infant mortality adj. mortal creatures 最终会死的生物 n. We are all mortals, with our human faults and weaknesses. immortal, immortality

Vaccine: adj. 疫苗的, 牛痘的; n. 疫苗

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A Very Complex Africa
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immunize: to render immune.使有免疫力,使免除
Vaccination immunizes people against smallpox. 种牛痘能使人免患天花。 immune adj. 免疫的 n. 免疫者 immunity n. 免疫性

eradicate: To put an end to (something bad or undesirable) 清
除,扑灭,根绝 Their goal was to eradicate poverty.他们的目标是消除贫困 to eradicate crime/disease Europe suffered many plagues in the Middle Ages.

plague: n.

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A Very Complex Africa
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a plague of rats/insects (大举来袭的)天灾,祸患 She’s been plagued by back pain all her life. 折磨,使苦恼

rupture: To break open; burst.破裂,裂开 traumatize: to subject to psychological trauma.
心理创伤

使受到

trauma: n. 外伤,损伤

tap:
1.(与at, on连用)轻敲;轻拍 She tapped him on the shoulder. 2. 开发;利用
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A Very Complex Africa
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We have enormous reserves of oil still waiting to be tapped. 我们有巨大的石油储备等待开发。 A good teacher knows how to tap the students’ potential. tap dance 踢踏舞 watertap 水龙头

literally:
In a literal manner; word for word: 照字面地,逐字地 e.g. to translate the Greek passage literally The Olympic Games were watched by literally billions of people around the world. 全世界真的有几十亿人观看了那次奥林匹克运动会。

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A Very Complex Africa
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perseverant:
a perseverant/persevering student persevere v. If you persevere with your work, you’ll succeed in the end. perseverance n. He’s slow to learn, but shows great perseverance.

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Family lives on one dollar
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outskirts:
We live on the outskirts of the city.

drop out:
He dropped out of college after only two weeks. dropout n. 退学生; 退出者:退出某一社会团体环 境的人  sole: being the only one the sole survivor of the crash.堕毁事件的唯一幸存者 Of or relating to only one individual or group; exclusive The court has the sole right to decide. 法庭拥有独有 的决定权
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Family lives on one dollar
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lukewarm:
The water was lukewarm. 水不冷也不热。 gave only lukewarm support to the candidate. (冷淡的;不热心)

intensive:
intensive study/efforts/care/reading capital-intensive/ labor-intensive

competitive:
competitive sports Janels got a very competitive nature.
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Family lives on one dollar
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I always shop at that supermarket; It’s prices are very competitive.

hover:
gulls hovering over the waves. 在浪尖盘旋的海鸥 hovering around the speaker's podium 在演讲台边徘徊 He is hovering between life and death. 在生死之间徘徊(踌躇)

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Family lives on one dollar
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lukewarm:
The water was lukewarm. 水不冷也不热。 gave only lukewarm support to the candidate. (冷淡的;不热心)

intensive:
intensive study/efforts/care/reading capital-intensive/ labor-intensive

competitive:
competitive sports Janels got a very competitive nature.
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Homework assignment: 1. Watch the news report Egypt Banks on Keeping
Tourism Strong and take notes.

2. Prepare for next topic: Love and Romance

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