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					                              四级预测卷九

    Part Ⅰ Writing
    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a
short essay entitled Good Relationship Between Teacher and Students.
You should write at least 120 words following the outline given
bellow:
   1.良好的师生关系对教学很重要
   2.建立良好师生关系的途径
   3.作为一名大学生应该怎么做
   Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
   Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the
passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For
questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),
B), C) and D). For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the
information given in the passage.
                                First Aid

    The main purpose of first aid is to provide proper care to
suddenly ill or injured persons until medical help becomes available
or, for problems that do not need a physician's attention.
    Even a child can save a life by knowing what to do. For example,
by rolling an unconscious person's head to one side, anyone can save
that person from drowning in his own saliva or choking on his tongue.
Many first-aid techniques are as simple. Others require preparation
in advance, but almost anyone can learn most of the important roles
and methods.
    PART Ⅰ: Basic Rules
    1. Do not panic: control your emotions. Then reassure the victim
if he or she is conscious.
    2. Ask for help. Send someone to call a physician, the police or
fire department, or an ambulance. Ask others to stop traffic, get
supplies, control crowds, etc. If you are alone, go for help 0nly
after you have completed the most urgent first-aid measures.
    3. Move the victim out of the way of danger. Otherwise, do not
move him until professional help arrives. If the victim must be
lifted, support all parts of the body as evenly as possible.
    4. If the victim's clothes or hair are on fire and no water is at
hand, smother the flames by covering them with a coat, or blanket or
roll him on the ground. Do not try to beat out flames with your hands.
    5. If bright red blood is pouring out, put direct pressure on the
wound immediately with any clean cloth or with your hand or fingers.
    6. Roll an unconscious person's head over to the side. This keeps
the tongue from falling back against the throat. Then quickly loosen
tight clothing and check for a bracelet, or card that might identify
and provide instructions for any disorder the person might have.
    7. If the victim has stopped breathing, check the mouth and
throat with a finger for any obstruction; then begin artificial
respiration which is part of the CPR-cardiopulmonary resuscitation--
life support technique described below.
    PART Ⅱ: CPR and Life Support
    The first part of CPR, clearing the airways, and the second part,
artificial respiration, are easy to learn and are useful for many
life-threatening emergencies. But the third part, external heart
massage, must be practiced in advance to he sure of using it properly
and safely.
    If a person collapses and stops breathing, begin the ABC's of CPR.
Do not go beyond A (airway clearance) if breathing resumes. Do not go
beyond B (mouth-to-mouth breathing) unless you are certain that the
victim has no pulse. Use C (chest compression) only if you have
prepared yourself in advance to do it properly. In all the steps, use
proportionately lighter force for children.
    (A) Airway Clearance
    1. Place the victim on his back and support the neck.
    2. Lift the neck and tilt the forehead backward, and then lift
the chin upward. Do not lift or bend the neck if you think it might
be injured. Push the chin upward without moving the neck.
    3. Listen for breathing by placing your ear near the mouth;
meanwhile, watch the chest for signs of movement. If the person is
breathing, roll him carefully onto his side.
    4. If there is no sign of breathing or breathing is inadequate,
open the mouth and remove any foreign material that may interfere
with resuscitation.
    (B) Mouth-to-Mouth Breathing
    1. With the victim's head in the up position, pinch the nostrils
closed, take a deep breath, and place your mouth tightly over his
mouth. Then blow quickly and deeply four times. After each time,
raise your mouth and let air escape from the victim's mouth. Mouth-
to-nose respiration may be used if the mouth cannot be opened or is
badly injured. With small children, place your mouth over the mouth
and nose.
    2. If you feel resistance to your breath, and the victim's chest
does not rise as you exhale or fall when you pause, the airway may
still be obstructed. Bend the neck back farther and lift the chin
higher. (Do not bend an infant's neck too far back or the airway will
close. ) If no obstruction is found, roll the victim on his side
toward you and deliver four firm slaps between the shoulder blades.
    Then place the victim on his back again, put your fist just above
the navel, and forcefully but carefully push once. These movements
combined may force air out of the lungs and remove any object trapped
deeper in the airway.
    3. After assuring an open airway, check for a pulse by placing
your thumb and middle finger on the neck on either side of the
windpipe. If there is a pulse, resume the inhalations anal
exhalations at the rate of one cycle every five seconds, or 12 a
minute. Use shallower breaths for children, about 20 a minute. Mouth-
to-mouth resuscitation must not be stopped for more than 15 seconds
in adults, proportionately less in children, until the victim is
breathing on his own.
    4. If these signs are present. (a) the victim is unconscious, (b)
you feel no pulse, and (c) the chest does not rise and fall, you may
decide to proceed to C. First yell for help.
    (C) Chest Compression
    1. Kneel alongside the victim.
    2. Place the heel of your hand just below the middle of the
victim's breastbone and your other hand on top of the first. Do not
let your fingers touch the victim's ribs, or you might possibly
compress the wrong part of the chest; which could crack ribs or
damage internal organs.
    3. Lean directly over the chest, and give a firm push straight
downward about two inches. Let the weight of your shoulders do the
work rather than muscle power.
    4. Push downward about 60 to 80 times a minute. Do not stop until
a pulse can be felt; if ribs have cracked, correct your position and
proceed cautiously.
    5. Chest compression must be matched with mouth-to-mouth
breathing. If there are two rescuers, one should give the mouth-to-
mouth respiration at the rate of one exhalation for every five
compressions. If you have no help, give two exhalations after every
15 compressions at the compression rate of about 80 per minute. For
small children the compression rate should be higher, about 100 to
125 a minute.
    6. DO not interrupt CPR for more than 15 seconds at a time. Do
not stop CPR until the victim is breathing adequately on his own.
    1. The main purpose of the text to ______.
    A) provide proper care for suddenly ill persons
    B) explain the basic rules and procedures of first aid
    C) inform the readers of what CPR is
    D) teach people how to deal with traffic accidents
    2. When a victim's clothes or hair are on fire, you should not
______.
    A) pour water on him B) roll him on the ground
    C) cover him with a coat D) beat the flame out with your hands
    3. Chest compression shouldn't be applied unless ______.
    A) the victim is still unconscious after the airway clearance
    B) you cannot feel pulse after mouth-to-mouth breathing
    C) you have prepared yourself in advance to do it properly
    D) all of the above
    4. In breathing you take a deep breath and then blow quickly and
deeply ______ times into the mouth of the victim.
    A) two B) three C) four D) five
    5. Which the following sign is present, you may decide to proceed
to C (chest compression)?
    A) The victim is unconscious. B) You feel no pulse.
    C) The chest does not rise and fall. D) All of the above.
    6. The order of the CPR should be ______.
    A (airway clearance) B (mouth-to-mouth breathing) C (chest
compression)
    A) ABC B) ACB C) BAC D) CAB
    7. Do not interrupt CPR for more than ______ at a time.
    A) 5 seconds B) 10 seconds C) 15 seconds D) 20 seconds
    8. The main purpose of first aid is ______ to suddenly ill or
injured persons.
    9. Do not go beyond ______ unless you are certain that the victim
has no pulse.
    10. Chest compression must be matched with ______.
    Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension
    Section A
    Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations
and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or
more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the
conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each
question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the
four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best
answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a
single line through the centre.
   11. A) Because her order was the last one.
   B) Because she did not pay the dealer on time.
   C) Because she did not pay the dealer extra money.
   D) Because she lived far away.
   12. A) The man always rides a bicycle.
   B) The man used to drive to work.
   C) The woman wants to borrow the man's bike.
   D) The woman is asking for a lift.
    13. A) Jason's new Italian sports car. B) Going for a ride in a
new car.
    C) A famous new car in Italy. D) A person winning a sports car.
    14. A) In the cinema. B) At the airport.
    C) In a restaurant. D) In the supermarket.
    15. A) They should wait a little longer. B) Calling the police is
not reasonable.
    C) They should try to find their daughter. D) Another method must
be found out.
    16. A) She is breaking her diet. B) She is as big as a horse.
    C) She is worrying about her weight. D) She is watching horse
race.
    17. A) To change a job. B) To turn the boss down.
    C) To strike the iron. D) To ask for a raise.
    18. A) He failed to attend the salon the day before.
    B) He fell down the steps when he walked.
    C) He had an operation on his knees.
    D) He knocked the woman down while walking.
    Questions 19 to 21 are bused on the conversation you have just
heard.
    19. A) A new English Language examination testing four different
skills.
    B) An examination testing Reading, Writing, Listening and
Speaking.
    C) A new Business English examination having three certificates
at three different levels.
    D) A new Business English examination testing certain business
knowledge and skills.
    20. A) Knowledge of general business English.
    B) Knowledge of special business English in particular jobs.
    C) Knowledge of general English in all industries.
    D) Knowledge of culture in English-speaking countries.
    21. A) It is the same every year. B) A mark over 70% will pass.
    C) It is the same for every exam. D)A mark over 60% will pass.
    Questions 22 to 25 are bused on the conversation you have just
heard.
    22. A) Because he went to Lake Placid two hundred miles away.
    B) Because he discussed philosophy with his friends in a coffee
house.
    C) Because now he is a college student and he can do whatever he
likes.
    D) Because he had a lot of homework to do and a party to go.
    23. A) He thinks it difficult to understand. B) He thinks it
helpful to one's wisdom.
      C) He thinks it isn't useful at all D) He has never thought about
it.
    24. A) Because he is sure that he can get up for the class.
    B) Because he has confidence in his economic knowledge.
    C) Because he dropped that class two weeks ago.
    D) Because he didn't sign up for that class at the beginning.
    25. A) He can't leave his room. B) His homework should be done on
time.
    C) He can't go shopping. D) His daily actions are limited.
    Section B
    Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At
the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the
passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a
question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices
marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on
Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
    Passage One
    Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
    26. A) Because one in four children is dying from poor nutrition.
    B) Because more than half of child death is caused by poor
nutrition.
    C) Because poverty and hunger is threatening the development of
the world.
    D) Because the world did little to help the underweight children
in the past.
    27. A) 50 percent. B) 19 percent.
    C) 8 percent. D) 5 percent.
    28. A) The development goal of UNICEF.
    B) Cooperation among developing countries.
    C) Economic development and government efforts.
    D) People's awareness of the importance of the problem.
    Passage Two
    Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
    29. A) To employ athletes as ambassadors of sportsmanship.
    B) To influence decision makers to support star athletes.
    C) To support children in developing countries with heroes in
Olympics.
    D) To bring children in developing countries good sports and play
programs.
    30. A) 1,000 dollars. B) 40,000 dollars.
    C) 25,000 dollars. D) 15,000 dollars.
    31. A) By creating chances of teamwork. B) By supporting people
in war areas.
    C) By collecting money for children. D) By teaching children
speed skating.
    Passage Three
    Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
    32. A) The best universities in the United States.
    B) High school students' choices after graduation.
    C) Electronic application in college admission.
    D) The increasing competition for the top schools in the U. S.
    33. A) High school students are using electronic forms to apply
for colleges.
    B) High school students are sending more applications compared
with the past.
    C) The number of high school students' entering college is
increasing.
    D) High school students have to wait for the admission from top
schools.
    34. A) After they have sent the electronic forms to the schools
they apply.
    B) After they have posted the Common Application to the
university they apply.
    C) Not until the school knows the number of Common Application
forms they receive.
    D) Not until the school knows the number of applicants who accept
the admission offer.
    35. A) Students may worry about the entrance requirement of the
best colleges.
    B) Students may worry about their talent in music required by the
best colleges.
    C) Students have to show interest in helping others.
    D) Students have to read the Wall Street Journal actively.
    Section C
    Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.
When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen
carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the
second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36
to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered
from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information.
For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just
heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when
the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you
have written.
    A (36) of the physical and chemical nature of life must begin,
not on the Earth, but in the Sun. In fact, it is at the Sun's very
center. It is here that is to be found the source of the energy that
the Sun (37) pours out into space as light and heat. This energy is
liberated at the center of the Sun as billions upon billions of
nuclei of (38) atoms collide with each other and fuse together to
form nuclei of helium (氦). And, in doing so, it (39) some of the
energy that is stored in the nuclei of atoms. The output of light and
heat of the Sun requires that some 600 million tons of hydrogen be
(40) into helium in the Sun every second. This the Sun has been doing
for several thousands of millions of years.
    The nuclear energy is released at the Sun's center as high-energy
gamma (41) , a form of electro-magnetic radiation like light and
radio waves, only of very much shorter (42) . This gamma radiation is
(43) by atoms inside the Sun, to be re-emitted at slightly longer
wavelengths. This radiation, in its turn, is absorbed and reemitted.
(44) , it passes through the X-ray part of the spectrum (频谱),
eventually becoming light. At this stage, it has reached what we call
the solar surface and can escape into space, (45) . A very small
fraction of the Sun's light and heat is emitted in such directions
(46) .
    Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)
    Section A
    Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks.
You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage
through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is
identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each
item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may
not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
    Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
    The World Health Organization is (47) countries to follow six
policies to (48) millions of tobacco-related deaths. The six policies
are known as MPOWER, spelled M-P-O-W-E-R.
    The M is for (49) tobacco use and prevention policies. The P is
for protecting people by establishing (50) areas. O stands for
offering services to help people stop smoking. W is for warning
people about the (51) of tobacco. E is for enforcing bans on tobacco
advertising and other forms of marketing. And R is for raising taxes
(52) tobacco.
    The WHO says in a major new report that raising taxes is the
single most (53) way to reduce tobacco use. A study found that
governments now collect an (54) of five hundred times more money in
tobacco taxes each year than they spend on control efforts.
    The WHO says tobacco now (55) more than five million deaths a
year. It predicts this number will rise to more than eight million by
the year 2030. (56) the end of the century, it says, tobacco could
kill one billion people--ten times as many as in the twentieth
century.
    A) take
    B) serious
    C) urging
    D) on
    E) monitoring
    F) dangers
    G) causes
    H) assistance
    I) promoting
    J) prevent
    K) average
    L) precaution
    M) smoke-free
    N) effective
    O) by
    Section B
    Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them
there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on
the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the centre.
    Passage One
    Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
    Henry Morris, an English professor, asks his college English
classes to count "loan words". These are words we use that were taken
directly from other languages. He jokes about the term "loan words".
"It is not like we' re going to give these words back after we've
done with them," he says. "Imported words" might be a better term.
Simple sentences may contain 15 percent or less of these. Complex
sentences may be 50 percent or more "imports". Scientific papers
might use mostly loan words. "We use imports constantly," Morris says,
"generally without any idea we are using them. "
    Was there ever a time when people spoke just plain English? No.
Scholars estimate that one-third of the world's languages are of
Indo-European origin. These includes English, French, Latin, German,
Dutch, Celtic, and Salvic tongues. Back around AD 450, when Julius
Caesar was alive, English, as we know, it didn't exist. English is
relatively young. Its roots go back 1,500 years, to Britain. People
there spoke Celtic. Then came Anglo-Saxon invaders. These conquerors
spoke a language closely related to older forms of Dutch. Morris says
Dutch words like "word", "gras" and "man", became the English
equivalents "word", "grass" and "man". Anglo-Saxon "Anglish" became
"English".
    But our story does not end there. English continued to grow and
change. When Norman French invaded Britain in 1066, the English
vocabulary got an enormous boost. Scholars say that nearly half of
all English words are French in their origin. Words like art, orange,
taxi, train and surprise are a few examples.
    When English colonists came to America in the 1700s, they
encountered native Americans and their languages. Words like wigwam,
teepee, chipmunk, possum and tomahawk settled into the colonists'
vocabulary.
    Centuries later, in the early 1900s, immigrants streamed to
America's shores. Italians taught us to say broccoli, macaroni, opera
and studio. Spanish speakers added mosquito, mustang, tortilla and
alligator. Bagel, kosher and pastrami came from those who spoke
Yiddish. And yam, gorilla and jitterbug were taken from African
languages. So if you speak English, you use words from at least 35
foreign languages.
    57. The first paragraph is mainly about ______.
    A) Professor Morris and his English classes in college
    B) some jokes about the term "loan words"
    C) the meaning and using of "loan words" in English
    D) the difference between loan words and imported words
    58. In the eyes of Professor Morris, "loan words" are ______.
    A) goods imported from other countries B) acknowledged by people
using them
    C) lent to English people without interest D) widely used
especially in scientific field
    59. It can be concluded from the Second paragraph that ______.
    A) English was created by Julius Caesar around AD 450
    B) English has shorter history compared with Celtic
    C) Anglo-Saxon conquerors brought English to Britain
    D) the language spoken by Anglo-Saxon invaders is of Dutch origin
    60. Nearly half of all English words are of French origin because
______.
    A) Britain was conquered by Norman French once
    B) British people think French is very beautiful
    C) scholars introduced many French words into English
    D) English colonists lived in France for a long time
    61. Many words are mentioned in the last paragraph in order to
______.
    A) show the change of English in the history
    B) explain the meaning of some imported words
    C) show the impact of immigrants on the English vocabulary
    D) picture the immigrants stream in the early 1900s
    Passage Two
    Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
    Mobile office is the mutual product of economic, scientific and
social progress. Mobile office has become a solution that provided
users with convenient, prompt, safe, reliable and reasonably priced
communications and office faculty anywhere anytime via the support of
mobile interconnection platform (MIP) and its applications systems.
    When you leave your office to attend meetings or travel on
business, what would happen to your business routine? Of course,
faxes and e-mails would be still sent to your fax machine or e-mail
box, but you cannot read them and make prompt reaction timely. When
your clients need you to make some urgent modifications on your work
and you are neither in the office nor carrying relevant documents,
what can you do? Maybe you have to say "sorry" to the clients. But,
your business will be affected, the clients will be unhappy and
disappointed because of your delay, and you will lose a lot of
business opportunities.
    In fact, very frequently, you need to check, reply, distribute,
display, modify or read some materials when you are not in your
office. You must get out of this dilemma. The best solution to
normally handle your business anywhere anytime and not to disappoint
your clients is to let your office "move" with you. Thus, you can
have convenient, prompt, safe, reliable and reasonably priced
communications and office faculty anywhere anytime. With the
development of communications technology, network application and
wireless interconnection, mobile office has become simpler and
smaller, and even can be realized via one mobile phone with data
communications function. Thus, mobile office has already been put
into your pocket, and office mobility has been realized.
    Mobile office has provided people with convenient, casual working
environment, but at the same time it still has some unsatisfactory
aspects such as mismatching equipment interface and inadequate
battery. Nevertheless, we believe that with technical progress,
people can certainly overcome all kinds of difficulties. Mobile
office will make your career successful, and will realize the dream
of completely free communication. Users will enjoy more colorful life
and better working environment, and users' living standard, working
efficiency and even enterprises' production efficiency will certainly
be immensely raised.
    62. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
    A) mobile office is the only way by which people could enjoy
prompt and safe working environment
    B) with the development of science, mobile office comes to our
life inevitably
    C) people had no convenient and reliable communications and
office faculty before
    D) mobile interconnection platform and its application systems is
the core of mobile office
    63. We learn from the passage that without mobile office ______.
    A) you cannot put your business routine aside or attend meetings
    B) you cannot read faxes and e-mails when you travel on business
    C) you cannot make apologies to tile clients for your delay
    D) you cannot catch any business opportunities because of bad
working condition
    64. The passage suggests that mobile office is necessary,
especially when ______.
    A) you need to make some urgent modification on your work
    B) you need to read and reply faxes and e-mails
    C) you are out of the office to attend meetings
    D) you can put the mobile office into your pocket
    65. Which of the following statements best expresses the main
idea of the second paragraph?
    A) When you leave your office, you should not forget your
business routine.
    B) You will lose a lot of business opportunities if you always
delay your work.
    C) When you leave your office, your business routine would be
harmed.
    D) When you cannot meet the need of your clients, you should say
sorry .
    66. In the eyes of the author, mobile office ______.
    A) has some fatal shortcomings B) is too expensive to afford
    C) would be realized in the future D) has both advantages and
disadvantages
    Part Ⅴ Cloze
    Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For
each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the
right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits
into the passage. Then hark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet
2 with a single line through the centre.
    One summer night, on my way home from work I decided to see a
movie. I knew the theatre would be air-conditioned and I couldn't
face my (67) apartment.
    Sitting in the theatre I had to look through the (68) between the
two tall heads in front of me. I had to keep changing the (69) every
time she leaned over to talk to him, (70) he leaned over to kiss her.
Why do Americans display such (71) in a public place?
    I thought the movie would be good for my English, but (72) it
turned out, it was an Italian movie. (73) about an hour I decided to
give up on the movie and (74) on my popcorn. I've never understood
why they give you so much popcorn! It tasted pretty good, (75) .
After a while I heard (76) more of the romantic-sounding Italians. I
just heard the (77) of the popcorn crunching (咀嚼) between my teeth.
My thought stated to (78) . I remembered when I was is South Korea
(韩国), I (79) to watch Kojak on TV frequently. He spoke perfect
Korean--I was really amazed. He seemed like a good friend to me, (80)
I saw him again in New York speaking (81) English instead of perfect
Korean. He didn't even have a Korean accent and I (82) like I had
been betrayed.
    When our family moved to the United States six years ago, none of
us spoke any English. (83) we had begun to learn a few words, my
mother suggested that we all should speak English at home. Everyone
agreed, but our house became very (84) and we all seemed to avoid
each other. We sat at the dinner table in silence, preferring that to
(85) in a difficult language. Mother tried to say something in
English but it (86) out all wrong and we all burst into laughter and
decided to forget it! We've been speaking Korean at home ever since.
    67. A) warm B) hot C) heated D) cool
    68. A) crack B) blank C) break D) opening
    69. A) aspect B) view C) space D) angle
    70. A) while B) whenever C) or D) and
    71. A) attraction B) attention C) affection D) motion
    72. A) since B) when C) what D) as
    73. A) Within B) After C) For D) Over
    74. A) concentrate B) chew C) fix D) taste
    75. A) too B) still C) though D) certainly
    76. A) much B) any C) no D) few
    77. A) voice B) sound C) rhythm D) tone
    78. A) wonder B) wander C) imagine D) depart
    79. A) enjoyed B) happened C) turned D) used
    80. A) until B) because C) then D) therefore
    81. A) artificial B) informal C) perfect D) practical
    82. A) felt B) looked C) seemed D) appeared
    83. A) While B) If C) Before D) Once
    84. A) empty B) quiet C) stiff D) calm
    85. A) telling B) uttering C) saying D) speaking
    86. A) worked B) got C) came D) made
    Part Ⅵ Translation
    Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English
the Chinese given in brackets. Please write you translation on Answer
Sheet 2.
    87. To be sure, some insects can build complex societies ______
(由不同类别的昆虫所组成) performing different tasks.
    88. If you do not fasten your safety belt, ______ (你受伤的可能性)
will be greater.
    89. I found my daughter ______ (在厨房里哭得非常伤心).
    90. What matters to him is ______ (这个工作能否让他继续他的学业).
    91. An investigation was made into the accident, ______ (在此事故
中有 50 人丧生).
                             四级预测卷九解析

    Part Ⅰ Writing
            Good Relationship Between Teacher and Students

    [参考范文]
    A good relationship between teacher and students is essential to
teaching and learning. It has a positive influence on both sides. A
good teacher-student relationship makes learning enjoyable and
teaching worthwhile. If the relationship is not pleasant, it can
discourage the students from learning and make teaching a boring task.
    The ideal relationship depends on the mutual efforts of both
sides. On the one hand, it is important that students should respect
their teacher. Don't talk in the classroom when attending a lecture.
Listening to the teacher attentively is invariably a way to show
politeness to the teacher. On the other hand, the teacher should be
responsible for teaching and be ready to help any student in need.
Partiality and prejudice may hurt some students while kindness,
patience and justice are recommendable to every student. In actual
fact, both respect and understanding lead to harmonious relationship.
    It seems that good relationship between the teacher and a college
student is difficult to maintain. But it's not necessarily the case.
Making friends with his teachers, I believe, is one of the effective
way of improving the teacher-student relationship. Also, taking study
as his key task may avoid many bad manners which greatly contribute
to bad teacher-student relationship.
    [范文点评]
    ·用词亮点:(1)在第一段首句中,essential 意思为“基本的;重要
的”,说明某事物的重要性,相当于 important,fundamental 等。(2)第二段
第四句中,invariably 意思为“总是”,起强调作用,类似于 always,
constantly 等。(3)第二段尾句中,In actual fact 意思为“事实上”,起强
调作用。类似表达法有 In fact,Actually,Virtually 等。
    ·句式亮点:(1)第一段首句利用 If 引导的条件状语从句进行推论。(2)第
二段倒数第二句中 while 意思为“而”,表示对照关系,起强调作用,相当于
but,whereas,yet,and yet 等。(3)第三段第三句中 I believe 意思为“我
认为”,利用插人成分使句型富有变化。
    ·篇章亮点:(1)第二段首句利用“…depends on the mutual efforts of
both sides”的结构引出某一事物的两个方面。(2)第二段首句之后使用了“On
the one hand,…On the other hand,…”表示列举的结构。(3)第三段前两
句中“It seems that…But it's not necessarily the case”是一个表示推
论的结构,值得模仿。
    Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)
    1.B)。题干:本文的主要内容是什么。通读全文,我们发现原文 PART
Ⅰ:Basic Rules 介绍的是急救基本原则,PARTⅡ:CPR and Life Support 详
细叙述了急救的方法步骤,所以 B)是正确的。
    2.D)。题干:当伤病者衣服或头发着火时,哪项是不能做的。根据题干中
的信息词 clothes or hair are on fire 定位到原文 PART Ⅰ:Basic Rules 标
题下第 4 点“If the victim's clothes or hair are on fire and no water
is at hand, smother the flames by covering them with a coat, or
blanket or roll him on the ground. Do not try to beat out flames with
your hands(当伤病者衣服或头发着火而又没水时,你可用一件大衣或毯子盖住
受害者或者让他在地上打滚,但千万别用手去灭火)”,所以只有 D)符合题
意。
    3.C)。题干:如何才能实施心脏复苏法。根据题干中的信息词 Chest
compression 和 applied 定位到原文 PART Ⅱ:CPR and Life Support 标题下
第二段第四句“Use C (chest compression) only if you have prepared
yourself in advance to do it properly(除非事前有过正确的训练准备,否
则不要实施心脏复苏法)”,所以 C)是正确的。
    4.C)。题干:在实施人工呼吸时,深吸一口气对着伤病者的口吹几次。根
据题干中的信息词 breathing 和 blow 定位到原文 PART Ⅱ:CPR and Life
Support 标题下小标题(B) Mouth-to-Mouth Breathing 第 1 点第一、二句
“With the victim's head in the up position, pinch the nostrils
closed, take a deep breath, and place your mouth tightly over his
mouth. Then blow quickly and deeply four times.”,大意是将伤病者头向
上,鼻掐紧,深吸一口气对伤者嘴吹四次,所以 C)正确。
    5.D)。题干:出现哪些现象时,可以实施心脏复苏法。根据题干中的信息
词 sign 和 proceed to C (chest compression)定位到原文 PART Ⅱ:CPR and
Life Support 标题下小标题(B) Mouth-to-Mouth Breathing 第 4 点“If these
signs are present: (a) the victim is unconscious, (b) you feel no
pulse, and (c) the chest does not rise and fall, you may decide to
proceed to C.”意思是:出现以下现象,可以实施心脏复苏法,伤病者无意
识、没有脉搏和胸腔不能起落。故 A)、B)、C)全是,所以选 D),
    6.A)。题干:CPR 的顺序是什么。根据题干中的信息词 order of the CPR
定位到原文 PART Ⅱ:CPR and Life Support 标题下第一段“The first part
of CPR, clearing the airways, and the second part, artificial
respiration, are easy to learn and are useful for many life-
threatening emergencies. But the third part, external heart massage,
must be practiced in advance to be sure of using it properly and
safely”,可知 CPR 的顺序是 clearing the airways (airway clearance),
artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth breathing), external heart
massage (chest compression),所以选 A)。
    7.C)。题干:CPR 的一次间隔时间不能超过多少。根据题干中的信息词
interrupt CPR 定位到原文最后一段第一句“Do not interrupt CPR for more
than 15 seconds at a time(CPR 的一次间隔时间不能超过 15 秒)”,所以选
C)。
    8.to provide proper care。根据题干中的信息词 The main purpose of
first aid 定位到原文第一段第一句“The main purpose of first aid is to
provide proper care to suddenly ill or injured persons(急救,就是当有
任何意外或急病发生时,临时及适当地处理伤病者)”,由此可得答案。
    9.B (mouth-to-mouth breathing)。根据题干中的信息词 no pulse 定位
到原文 PART Ⅱ:CPR and Life Support 标题下第二段第三句“Do not go
beyond B (mouth-to-mouth breathing) unless you are certain that the
victim has no pulse(只有当你确定伤病者没有脉搏时,才可实施人工呼
吸)”,由此得到答案。
    10.mouth-to-mouth breathing。根据题干中的信息词定位到原文 PART
Ⅱ:CPR and Life Support 标题下小标题(C) Chest Compression 下第 5 点第
一句“Chest compression must be matched with mouth-to-mouth
breathing(心脏复苏必须与人工呼吸相配合)”,由此可得答案。
    Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension
    Section A
    11.C)。
    [听力原文]
    W: We've been waiting for three months to get our car, and people
who put in their order after us have already gotten theirs.
    M: Well, money talks. Why don't you try giving the dealer a
little something extra to move things along?
    Q: Why hasn't the woman got her car?
    [简析] 题目问女士为什么没有拿到车。女士抱怨说自己都等了三个月了还
没有拿到车,男士说有钱就好说话,问她为什么不给经销商额外交些钱。
    12.B)。
    [听力原文]
    W: I saw you riding your bike to work today. You usually drive to
work, I remember. What's the matter now?
    M: I did until the prices on gas jumped high.
    Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
    [简析] 题目问从对话中可以得到什么信息。女士说昨天看到男士骑自行车
上班,然后说记得他通常是开车去上班的。男士说在油价上涨前他确实是开车
上班的。由此可以判断他以前通常开车去上班。
    13.A)。
    [听力原文]
    M: That's Jason's new car! He finally got that Italian sports car
he had been dreaming about.
    W: He sure did. When you see it, you'll get so excited you can
hardly wait to go for a ride in it.
    Q: What are they talking about?
    [简析] 题目问两位在谈什么。对话开始男士说“那就是 Jason 的新车!他
终于得到了梦寐以求的意大利跑车了”。可见他们在谈论 Jason 的新车。
    14.C)。
    [听力原文]
    M: What're you going to order? We've been sitting here for 20
minutes.
    W: I know. It's just hard to decide when I see SO much delicious
food on the menu.
    Q: Where does the conversation take place?
    [简析] 题目问对话发生的地方。男士说你什么时候点菜,我们都等 20 分
钟了。女士说菜单上美味的食物太多了,很难确定选什么。根据对话中的
order 和 menu 很容易确定对话地点应该是餐厅。
    15.B)。
    [听力原文]
    W: Still no sign of Carol? I am worried so much. I'm going to
call the police.
    M: And what are you going to say? It's 1 a. m. and our 18-year-
old daughter isn't home yet?
    Q: What does the man mean?
    [简析] 题目问男士的意思。女士对 Carol 还没回家表示担心,准备报警。
男士问她“你怎么和警察说,难道要说现在是凌晨一点,我们 18 岁的女儿还没
回家不成?”可见男士觉得报警不合理。
    16.A)。
    [听力原文]
    W: On a diet? I'm so hungry. I could eat a horse!
    M: If you do not watch your weight, you're going to end up as big
as a horse.
    Q: What do we know about the woman?
    [简析] 题目问通过对话对女士有何了解。女士说自己在节食,现在已经饿
得能吞下一匹马了。可见女士太饿了,需要吃东西了,也就是要打破节食的限
制。
    17.D)。
    [听力原文]
    W: I want to ask for a raise, but I'm afraid my boss will turn me
down.
    M: I think you've been doing a great job. If I were you, I'd
strike while the iron is hot.
    Q: What is the man advising the woman to do?
    [简析] 题目问男士建议女士做什么。女士说想要求老板加薪,但又怕老板
拒绝。男士说女士干得很好,如果自己是她的话肯定会趁热打铁。其意思就是
趁自己表现好向老板要求加薪。因此 D)正确。
    18.C)。
    [听力原文]
    W: I bumped into Nick at the salon yesterday. He looked great,
but I noticed that he had a very strange kind of walk.
    M: Last month he told me that his knees hurt. Last week he had
the operation.
    Q: What happened to Nick?
    [简析] 题目问 Nick 发生了什么事。女士说昨天碰巧遇到 Nick,并发现他
走路有点怪。男士说上个月他膝盖受伤了,上周刚做了手术。因此 C)与之相
符。
    Conversation 1
    [听力原文]
    W: Cambridge Business English Certificate is very popular
nowadays, but I don't know much about it. Could I ask you some
questions?
    M: My pleasure.
    W: What is Cambridge Business English Certificate?
    M: It is a new Business English examination. There are three
certificates at three different levels. Each examination tests
Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking skills (19).
    W: When can we take the Cambridge English Certificate exams?
    M: All three exams start in February and are available six times
a year, that is about every 9 weeks.
    W: Then where can we take the exams?
    M: At any examination center approved by the University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (剑桥大学考试委员会).
    W: OK. Now how much business knowledge do we need for the exam?
    M: Well, the exam tests knowledge of general business English
(20). Special knowledge of particular jobs and industries is not
required. The examination is also suitable for people with no working
experience.
    W: How is our English tested?
    M: The examination has three parts. The first part is the Reading
and Writing Test which lasts 70 minutes. Paper Two is a Listening
Test which lasts 40 minutes. Finally there is a 10-minute interview
with another examinee and two examiners which tests your spoken
English.
    W: What mark do we need to pass the examination?
    M: Exact pass marks vary from exam to exam and year to year.
However, anyone with a mark over 70% will pass (21).
    W: That's all. Thanks a lot for your help.
    19.C)
    What is Cambridge Business English Certificate according to the
speaker?
    题目问根据对话“剑桥商务英语证书”是什么。对话中男士对这一证书有
详细介绍“There are three certificates at three different levels.
Each examination tests Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking
skills”,由此可以判断 C)正确。
    20.A)
    What kind of knowledge is tested in the exam?
    题目问这个考试考查什么知识。女士问男士参加这个考试需要多少商务英
语知识,男士回答说“the exam tests knowledge of general business
English”,可见考查的是一些普通的商务英语知识。
    21.B)
    What do we learn about the pass mark of the exam?
    题目问这个考试的分数线。男士说每次考试的分数线不大一样,但是无论
如何,考试如果得到了 70%的分数肯定能通过。
    Conversation 2
    [听力原文]
    M: I'm sorry. I didn't plan on being this late.
    W: Where did you go?
    M: North.
    W: We'd like a little more to go on, Mike.
    M: Ok, I went to Lake Placid (22).
    W: Lake Placid is over two hundred miles away (22).
    M: Which is the reason why I'm so late. Look, I was at college,
and me and a couple of the other guys were hanging out at a coffee
house discussing philosophy and junk like that {23) when somebody
mentioned that they got the first seasons snow on Lake Placid. So
since I didn't have an afternoon class, we decided to...
    W: You have sociology on Wednesdays.
    M: No. I dropped that class weeks ago.
    W: You dropped sociology? Do you think that now you're in college,
you can do whatever you like, come and go whenever you like, no
questions asked?
    M: Pretty much, yeah.
    W: How do you expect to be awake for economics in 5 hours?
    M: Mum, I'm not nearly as irresponsible as you think. It just so
happens that I dropped that class two weeks ago too (24). So,
anyway...
    W: So you dropped two classes, without even telling me?
    M: It's not like I'm keeping it from you. I mean hey, college
doesn't mind if I drop a class here or there. My writing professor
even told me if I didn't care about his class, don't come.
    W: That's it. You're grounded.
    M: I'm what?
    W: Grounded. Remember, grounded? No dates, no parties, no life
(25).
    22.A)
    Why was the man so late?
    题目问男士为什么迟到。男士迟到了,女士问他去了哪里,男士回答说去
了 200 英里外的 Lake Placid。
    23.C)
    What did the man think of philosophy?
    男士说那天他和一帮朋友在咖啡厅玩,并且“discussing philosophy and
junk like that(讨论哲学之类的垃圾话题)”,可见在男士看来哲学没什么用
处。
    24.C)
    Why could the man skip the economics class?
    题目问男士为什么逃经济学课。男士说“It just so happens that I
dropped that class two weeks ago too”,由此可以判断两周前他已经逃过
一次了,所以觉得无所谓。
    25.D)
    What does the word "grounded" mean?
    题目问“ground”一词的含义。女士对男士旷课行为感到愤怒,最后说了
三个 grounded,根据后面的“No dates,no parties,no life”可以判断这
是对男士的惩罚,也就是他的日常活动要受到限制。
    Section B
    Passage One
    [听力原文]
    A new report from the United Nations says the world must do much
more to reduce the number of underweight children. It says one in
four children under the age of five is seriously underweight.
    Poor nutrition is linked to more than half of all child deaths
(26). Experts say it is a cause in more than 5.5 million deaths each
year in children under five years old. The United Nations Children's
Fund, UNICEF, published the report last week. The report measures
progress toward reaching the first Development Goal of this century:
reducing extreme poverty and hunger. In 2000, world leaders approved
a list of eight goals to reach within 15 years. The aim is to improve
the lives of the world's poor.
    UNICEF says China has already met the target of a 50 percent
reduction in the number of underweight children. It says China has
cut the rate from 19 percent to 8 percent (27). A growing economy and
government efforts to reduce poverty and improve nutrition are given
credit (28). But UNICEF says at current rates, the goal of cutting
poor nutrition in half world wide will not be met. It says rates of
underweight children in developing countries have dropped by just 5
percentage points since 1990.
    The head of UNICEF, Ann Veneman, says nutrition affects life at
every point of development, starting before a child is even born. But
she says too many people do not know about its importance, and how
serious a problem there is around the world.
    26.B)
    Why does the UN call for the reduction of the number of
underweight children?
    题目问联合国为什么呼吁减少体重不足儿童的数量。短文第一段提到五岁
以下的小孩有四分之一体重严重不足。第二段开头又提到“Poor nutrition is
linked to more than half of all child deaths”,可见一半以上的小孩夭
折是由营养不良引起的。
    27.C)
    What is the current rate of underweight children in China?
    题目问中国体重不足儿童的比例。短文中提到中国已经实现了将体重不足
儿童的数量降低一半的目标,接着又指出“It says China has cut the rate
from 19 percent to 8 percent”,由此可见中国体重不足的儿童比例为 8%。
    28.C)
    What are the factors that lead to China's success in reducing the
rate?
    题目问是什么因素使得中国成功降低了体重不足儿童的比例。短文中提到
“A growing economy and government efforts to reduce poverty and
improve nutrition are given credit”,可见经济的持续发展和政府减少贫
困、改善营养方面的努力是主要原因。
    Passage Two
    [听力原文]
    The 20th Winter Olympics have just ended in Turin, Italy. But for
some possible future Olympians, the games are about to begin with
help from an American speed skater.
    Joey Cheek won a gold medal in the 500 meter event. And he won a
silver medal in the 1000 meter race. The United States Olympic
Committee gave him 40,000 dollars in prize money, 25,000 dollars for
his gold medal, and 15,000 for the silver (30). Joey Cheek announced
that he was giving the money to the international group Right to Play.
This group is based in Toronto, Canada. It brings sports and play to
children in developing countries (29). Olympic and professional
athletes from around the world help support Right to Play with their
time and money. Right to Play uses athletes as ambassadors. It says
star athletes are not only the heroes of children, they can also
influence decision makers.
    The group says well-designed sports and play programs help
children develop physically, mentally and socially. Sports can help
create connections between children and adults. They can also bring
children together to learn teamwork, conflict resolution and cultural
understanding (31).
    Right to Play began as Olympic Aid. It started as a way to show
support for people in areas of war and crisis and collect money for
them. Right to Play says it reaches more than 500,000 children each
week. Its Website is w-w-w dot right to play, all one word, dot com.
    29.D)
    What is the function of the international group named Right to
Play?
    题目问“运动的权力”这一国际组织的功能。短文中提到“It brings
sports and play to children in developing countries”,可见这一组织的
目的是让发展中国家的孩子能有机会参加运动比赛。
    30.C)
    How much money did Joey Cheek get for his gold medal from the U.
S. Olympic Committee?
    题目问 Joey Cheek 获得金牌后从美国奥委会获得多少奖金。短文中提到
“The United States Olympic Committee gave him 40,000 dollars in
prize money, 25,000 dollars for his gold medal, and 15,000 for the
silver”,可见 25000 美元是金牌的奖励。
    31.A)
    How will sports and play programs benefit children socially?
    题目问运动比赛如何让孩子在社交方面受益。短文提到“Sports can help
create connections between children and adults. They can also bring
children together to learn teamwork, conflict resolution and cultural
understanding”,由此可见 A)正确。
    Passage Three
    Some of America's best universities have accepted an unusually
low percentage of students for admission this fall (32). For example,
the Wall Street Journal reported that Stanford University had a
record low admission rate this year. The newspaper said the
California school accepted less than 11 percent of the students who
applied.
    College admissions officers give a number of reasons for the
higher rates of rejection letters this year. They say the main reason
is that high school seniors are applying to more schools than in the
past (33). Some colleges reported big increases in the number of
applications. Another reason is the general increase in students
going to college. Electronic forms make applying easier. For example,
students can send an online form called the Common Application to
many different colleges and universities.
    Many students who apply to top schools are placed on a waiting
list. They do not get a decision until the school knows how many
applicants who are offered admission will accept the offer (34). Just
as students compete, so do schools.
    The increasing competition for the best colleges means more worry
for students and parents. They wonder just what schools are looking
for. They wonder why a top student is accepted at one school but not
another (35). The Wall Street Journal says some top schools are
actively looking for students who have shown great interest in
helping others. Other schools are said to be looking for students who
have musical talent.
    32.D)
    What is the passage mainly about?
    题目问文章的大意是什么。短文的开头提到不少大学今年的录取率低,后
面分析了录取率低的原因,其中既有高校之间的竞争,也有考生之间的竞争。
由此可以判断文章主要讲名牌大学的生源竞争。
    33.B)
    Which of the following is the principal reason for the low
admission rate of the top schools?
    题目问一些名牌大学录取率低的主要原因。短文中提到“They say the
main reason is that high school seniors are applying to more schools
than in the past”,由此可见主要原因是学生申请了多所不同大学,申请人
数比往年大幅增加。
    34.D)
    When will the applicants of the best colleges know the result?
    题目问申请者什么时候能得到大学的申请结果。短文中提到“They do not
get a decision until the school knows how many applicants who are
offered admission will accept the offer”,可见由于申请者多,大学必须
先确认那些被录取的申请者会来报到,然后才能给出最终结果。
    35.A)
    How will this competitive situation affect students?
    题目问目前的竞争形势对学生的影响。短文中提到“The increasing
competition for the best colleges means more worry for students and
parents. They wonder just what schools are looking for. They wonder
why a top student is accepted at one school but not another”。由此可
以判断 A)正确。
    Section C
    A (36) summary of the physical and chemical nature of life must
begin, not on the Earth, but in the Sun. In fact, it is at the Sun's
very center. It is here that is to be found the source of the energy
that the Sun (37) constantly pours out into space as light and heat.
This energy is liberated at the center of the Sun as billions upon
billions of nuclei of (38) hydrogen atoms collide with each other and
fuse together to form nuclei of helium (氦). And, in doing so, it (39)
releases some of the energy that is stored in the nuclei of atoms.
The output of light and heat of the Sun requires that some 600
million tons of hydrogen be (40) converted into helium in the Sun
every second. This the Sun has been doing for several thousands of
millions of years.
    The nuclear energy is released at the Sun's center as high-energy
gamma (41) radiation, a form of electro-magnetic radiation like light
and radio waves, only of very much shorter (42) wavelength. This
gamma radiation is (43) absorbed by atoms inside the Sun, to be re-
emitted at slightly longer wavelengths. This radiation, in its turn,
is absorbed and reemitted. (44) As the energy filters through the
layers of the solar interior, it passes through the X-ray part of
the spectrum (频谱), eventually becoming light. At this stage, it has
reached what we call the solar surface and can escape into space, (45)
without being absorbed further by solar atoms. A very small fraction
of the Sun's light and heat is emitted in such directions (46) that
after passing through space, it hits the Earth.
    (36) summary
    (37) constantly
    (38) hydrogen
    (39) releases
    (40) converted
    (41) radiation
    (42) wavelength
    (43) absorbed
    (44) As the energy filters through the layers of the solar
interior
    (45) without being absorbed further by solar atoms
    (46) that after passing through space, it hits the Earth
    Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)
    Section A
    47.C)。此处填动词的 ing 形式。该动词必须能接动词不定式,urge sb.
to do sth. 为“敦促某人做某事”,其他动词无此用法,或不符句意。
    48.J)。空格前面是动词不定式的标志 to,因此可以判断后面填动词原
形,根据后面的宾语可以判断填 prevent。
    49.E)。根据第二段“一揽子六项方针”(MPOWER)的逻辑,每个字母代表
实施行为动词的首字母,因为后几项都是如此,因此,应选以 m 开头的动词。
    50.M)。此处应填形容词来修饰名词。根据常识,要保护其他人免于受到
吸烟者的危害,最普通的办法是设置无烟区,serious 与 effective 在此处与
句意不符,不选。
    51.F)。此处空格应填名词。此句句意为“强化对人们警示烟草的危害
性”。
    52.D)。本空格应用介词。上文说 E 是加强对烟草广告和其他形式行销的
禁令,且用了介词 on,后句也可用此介词,因为有词组 levy a tax on sth.
(对……征税)。
    53.N)。此处应填形容词作系表结构,唯有 effective 可选,而 serious
显然不符合逻辑。文中指出提高烟草税是减少烟草使用最有效的方法。
    54.K)。本处应选以元音开头的单词。assistance 和 average 是备选单
词,但 assistance(帮助)显然不符合句子逻辑。此处句意为“一项研究表明政
府现在每年对烟草征收的税款是他们在控制吸烟上花费的 500 倍以上”。
    55.G)。此处填空格动词的第三人称单数形式。此处 causes 是“导致”之
意,其他动词则与句意不符。
    56.O)。本处在整个句子中充当时间状语。By the end of 是个词组,
“到……为止”之意。
    Section B
    Passage One
    57.C)。主旨大意题。第一段的关键词是 loan words(贷词,即外来词)。
loan words 和 imported words 指的是同一类词,因此 D)不正确。而“He
jokes about the term 'loan words'”是指教授以开玩笑的方式来解释“贷词
(外来词)”,而不是讲关于“贷词(外来词)”的几个笑话,因此排除 B)。A)的
内容显然与短文不符。
    58.D)。事实细节题。根据段落中这样一句话“Scientific papers might
use mostly loan words(科学论文用的多数是外来词)”,可以进行判断。四个
选项中,D)的描述与文中完全相同。
    59.B)。事实判断题。在讲到英浯的历史时,段落中说到”English is
relatively young. Its roots go back 1,500 years, to Britain. People
there spoke Celtic(英语是相对年轻的语言。它的发源可以回溯到 1500 年前
的英国。那里的人们说的是凯尔特语)”,由此可知,英语的历史要比凯尔特语
的历史短。找到相关段落,仔细阅渎,可以采取排除法。仔细阅读第二段便可
以排除 A)、C)、D)。
    60.A)。事实细节题。倒数第二段提到“When Norman French invaded
Britain in 1066, the English vocabulary got an enormous boost(当 1066
年法国诺曼人入侵英国时,英语的词汇得到了巨大的增加)”,这里 boost 的意
思是“推进”,也就是说英语词汇得到了很大的增加。A)与此意相符。
    61.C)。事实判断题。最后一段的第一句便是主题句。句中 stream 的意思
是“涌入”,这里是说大量的移民涌入美国,也使英语的词汇大大增加。所以
本段的重点是讲述移民潮对英语词汇的丰富所起的作用。故 C)的描述是正确
的。
    Passage Two
    62.D)。事实判断题。从最后一句中的“via the support of mobile
interconnection platform (MIP) and its applications systems(借助移动
内部联系平台和操作系统)”,可以知道 MIP 和应用系统是移动办公室的重要组
成部分。A)中说的 only 太片面,B)的说法中缺少了经济和社会的发展,而 C)
在文中没有提及。
    63.B)。事实细节题。第二段第二句“faxes and e-mails would be
still sent to your fax machine or e-mail box, but you cannot read
them and make prompt reaction timely(传真和电邮还会发到你的传真机或邮
箱里,但你无法看到它们,也无法做出及时的回复)”,是解题的关键。A)、C)
有明显的错误。D)中的前半部分在文章中提到了.但并不是说抓不住所有的商
业机会,只是会丧失许多机会。
    64.C)。事实细节题。第三段第一句是关键,但是第二段开头的疑问句
“When you leave your office to attend meetings or travel on business,
what would happen to your business routine(当你离开办公室去参加会议或
者出差在外时,你的工作日程该怎么办)”也是解题的关键。提出疑问的目的是
想说明移动办公室是可以解决这个问题的。A)、B)都是部分信息。
    65.C)。事实细节题。段落开头的疑问句正是这一段的主题句。A)、D)与
短文不符。B)显然不能概括整个段落的中心思想。
    66.D)。观点态度题。最后一段第一句“Mobile office has provided
people with convenient, casual working environment, but at the same
time it still has some unsatisfactory aspects such as mismatching
equipment interface and inadequate battery(移动办公室给人们提供了方便
而休闲的工作环境,但同时它也有不尽如人意的地方,比如说不匹配的设备接
口,电池不足的问题)”是关键。作者一直在说移动办公室的优点,在这里提到
了它的不足。A)中的 fatal shortcomings 显然与 unsatisfactory aspects 不
符;B)在文中没有提及;第一句中的现在完成时表明移动办公室已经在使用
了,故 C)也不对。
    Part Ⅴ Cloze
    67.B)。词汇辨析。本句大意为“我知道电影院有空调,我无法待在闷热
的公寓里”。句中 air-conditioned 提示,填入空格的词应解释为“闷热
的”。所以,hot 是正确答案。
    68.D)。词汇辨析。本句中 between 一词提示,填入空格的词应解释为
“(两个头之间的)间隙”。crack 意为“(表面)裂缝”,blank 意为“空白(没
有文字、音频/视频)”,opening 意为“洞、缺口”,符合句意。
    69.D)。词汇辨析。本句 every time 之后的部分提示,这对恋人吻对方时
的亲密使坐在后排的作者不停地移动头,通过其缝隙看屏幕。由此推断,angle
意为“角度”,符合句意。aspect 意为“(想法、计划等的某个)方面、(窗户
等的)朝向”,view 意为“景色”。
    70.C)。逻辑关系。本句意为“每次她凑过去和他讲话,……她凑过去吻
他”。根据上下文逻辑,应理解为“每次发生两者其一的情况”。所以,or(或
者)符合题意。其他选项皆不切题意。
    71.C)。词汇辨析。显然,上文这对恋人的亲密动作所表达的是爱(情)。
由此推断,affection 意为“挚爱、钟爱”,符合句意。attraction 意为“吸
引”,attention 意为“注意力”,motion 意为“运动”。
    72.D)。逻辑关系。根据主句句意“这是一部意大利语电影”,填入空格
的连词应解释为“正如”。所以,as(正如、照……方式)符合前后逻辑。
    73.B)。逻辑关系。句中 give up on the movie 提示,看了一段时间的电
影,因实在听不懂意大利语再决定放弃看电影。由此推断,填入空格的连词应
解释为“在……之后”。所以,after 是正确答案。over 意为“在(过去某一段)
时间里”。
    74.A)。词汇辨析。本题选项中,fix on 意为“选定、决定”;chew on
意为“咀嚼、咬”;taste 意为“品尝”,不与介词 on 搭配;concentrate on
意为“集中精力于”,符合句意。
    75.C)。逻辑关系。句中,never understood 和 taste pretty good 提
示,填入空格的连词表示转折;其次,空格后有个逗号,表示了该句法的要
求。所以,though 意为“可是、然而”,不用在句首,符合上下文逻辑。
    76.C)。词语搭配。下文中,just heard 提示,吃爆米花后,作者听不到
电影里的说话声。由此推断,no more 意为“不再”,符合句意。
    77.B)。词汇辨析。本题测试近义词。咀嚼爆米花的声音是 sound。voice
意为“(说话的)声音”,rhythm 意为“节奏”,tone 意为“音调、格调”。
    78.B)。词汇辨析。前文提到作者放弃看电影.专心吃爆米花。此时,作
者就开始遐想了。wander 意为“走神、思想开小差”,符合上下文逻辑。
wonder 意为“(心里)琢磨、想要知道”,depart 意为“启程、出发”。
    79.D)。词汇辨析。本题选项中,enjoy 后不用动词不定式;happen to 意
为“发生在……身上”,to 是介词;turn to 意为“求助于”,to 也是介
词.均不切题意。used to (verb)意为“习惯于”,符合句意。
    80.A)。逻辑关系。本题空格前有逗号,所以,排除了 then 和
therefore,因为这两个都不是连词,而是副词。选 because 不合逻辑。until
才是正确答案。
    81.C)。词汇辨析。本句中,perfect Korean 提示,instead of 前后的词
语必须平行。所以,perfect 意为“完美的”,符合题意。artificial 意为
“人造的”,practical 意为“实践的、实际的”,informal 意为“非正式
的”。
    82.A)。词汇辨析。从词语搭配角度看,seem 和 appear 一般不与 like 搭
配。look like 意为“看上去像”。此处,feel like 解释为“感到像……一
样”,故选 A)。
    83.D)。逻辑关系。本句意为“我们一开始学习英语,母亲就提出了一个
建议,建议我们在家里都说英语”。所以,once 意为“一旦、曾经”,符合句
意。
    84.B)。词汇辨析。本句意为“大家都保持沉默,屋里十分安静,吃饭时
也都是默默地吃”。句中,avoid each other 提示,填入空格的词应解释为
“安静”,故选 B)。stiff 意为“(关节、肌肉等)僵硬”,calm 意为“平静
的”。
    85.D)。词汇辨析。从句法结构来看,动词后没有宾语,应该用不及物动
词。故 speaking 为正确答案。utter 意为“说、讲”。
    86.C)。词汇辨析。本句意为“母亲试着说点英语,结果是错误百出,我
们都禁不住发笑”。work out 表示“解决,设计出,计算出”;get out 表示
“逃脱,离开”;make out 表示“填写,理解,辨认出”。come out 表示“出
来,出现”,符合句意。
    Part Ⅵ Translation
    87.composed of different types (of individuals)
    [答案解析] 本题主要考查如何表达“由……组成”。这里要注意“由不同
类别的昆虫所组成”是修饰 complex societies 的。答案中 composed of 也可
以是 made up of,constituted of 等。
    88.your chances of being hurt/the chances that you will be hurt
    [答案解析] 本题主要考查如何表达“……的可能性”。表示“可能性”的
词还有 possibility,probability,likelihood 等。
    89.crying bitterly in the kitchen
    [答案解析] 本题主要考查“find+宾语+宾语补足语”的用法。在这里,宾
语补足语用现在分词表达。类似 find 的动词还有 see,feel,watch 等。另
外,答案中 bitterly 不能用 strongly,deeply 或 heavily 等。
    90.whether the job allows him to pursue his studies
    [答案解析] 本题考查的是由特殊疑问词 whether 引导的名词性从句作宾
语。类似的名词性从句有 what is most important,how they completed the
project,why the team lost the game 等。
    91.in which fifty people were killed
    [答案解析] 本题考查的是非限定性定语从句。答案中 in which 不能用
where,which 指的是前面的 the accident。

				
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