Collocations with by mamapeirong

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									                       Collocations with
                         Do & Make
By: Mubaraak Abdessalami


                                   TEACHERS!

In case we want to teach our students word associations or collocations for the
enrichment of their target language repertoire, I guess we have first to broach the
collocations made up from the verbs « do » and « make » because they are very
often confused and confusing. If there are any word associations that need such
attentiveness and intensive concentrated practice will surely be the cases in which
« do » and «make» are used to describe actions. Both of them work better and
more authentically than each other because none of them dare replace the other
in any domain supervised, predominated and controlled by each one of them. This
is said, we have to take it for granted that both of the verbs almost describe the
same action. It is this similarity between them which makes it imperative for us -
teachers- to show our students the right use for the right reason of the word
combinations with the verbs «to do» and «to make»
               "We'll make dinner provided that you do the dishes".
Never can 'do' venture to do the job of 'make' or otherwise 'make' can make any
choice concerning the job 'do' does. I simply mean that the verbs 'to do' and 'to
make' have already made their decisions about the actions each of both has to
handle.
In the law of grammar, it is a transgression of the treaty of collocations to say for
instance,

      Everybody does mistakes.*
      Everybody should make his best.*

None of the two sentences are tolerated by the rules of collocation and no
respectful language user would «make such mistakes».
We -all of us- have to do our students a favour by making an extra effort so as
to make progress noticeable.


                                   STUDENTS!

You are learning English as a foreign language so you are supposed to be faced
with the challenge of using the right word combination for both 'make' and 'do'.
Don't forget that your mother language -with all its heavy cultural background-
will affect your understanding of this duality of expressing the performance,
accomplishment or exertion of an act or a deed in the English language. 'Make'
and 'do' express the same thing but each one is used irreplaceably in combination
with particular actions.
It is easy but you need to continuously practice them so that these crucial details
stick in your head. The following table will show you some frequent uses of the
word combinations with both do and make. These collocations have to be learnt
quite curiously so as not to be confused and therefore confusing. Don't forget that
native speakers wouldn't understand you if it happens that you misused the
combination.
              Do

+   the shopping
+   work
+   homework
+   housework
+   the cleaning
+   the cooking
+   the laundry
+   the salad
+   the dishes
+   gardening
+   something
+   nothing
+   a good job
+   business
+   errands
+   a favour
+   a puzzle
+   exercise
+   an exercise
+   science (at school)
+   the washing
+   the washing up
+   a quiz
+   a text
+   good
+   harm
+   well
+   fine
+   wisely
+   your best

                             Make

                 +   progress
                 +   a mess
                 +   furniture
                 +   trouble
                 +   war
                 +   peace
                 +   a change
                 +   plans
                 +   arrangements
                 +   a telephone call
                 +   a deal
                 +   a scene
                 +   an effort
                 +   an excuse
                 +   a mistake
                 +   a noise



                 + a journey
                              +   an offer
                              +   a suggestion
                              +   a speech
                              +   a decision
                              +   a choice
                              +   the bed
                              +   a dress
                              +   money
                              +   a fortune
                              +   a profit
                              +   friends
                              +   food
                              +   fun (of someone)
                              +   a meal
                              +   breakfast
                              +   lunch
                              +   dinner
                              +   a promise
                              +   a list
                              +   a cake
                              +   a sentence
                              +   an exception
                              +   a cup coffee
                              +   a glass of tea




                                         Do it yourself

       Write as many sentences with 'make' & 'do' as you can, taking the chart above
      for guidance.

        Examples

      - We don't normally work on Sundays; but I'll make an exception for you.
      - The students are going to do the test soon.




                                             Quiz
       Fill in the blanks with the right word. Click 'do' or 'make'


01. Will you         me a favor, please? Write something first.             Compare



02. It's your turn to         the dishes today.                             Compare
03. I will        a list of the things we need.                              Compare



04. Ok! I will         an exception for you.                                 Compare



05. Please, don't         mistakes.                                          Compare



06. I need to go out now. It's urgent. I have to             a phone call.   Compare



07. The good students always            their homework.                      Compare



08. My father won't          the cleaning.                                   Compare



09. The workers I hire always           a good job.                          Compare



10. My husband never helps me             dinner.                            Compare



11. I always          the washing up in the morning.                         Compare



12. The students don't like to         quizzes.                              Compare



13. The menu was so good that it was difficult for us to             a       Compare
choice.


14. The soldiers are obliged to         their beds every morning.            Compare



15.          an effort to finish the work before lunch time.                 Compare



16. The doctor asked to           exercise.                                  Compare



17. I don't know how people can               money without hard work.       Compare



18. The deadline is for tomorrow and we have to               a decision     Compare
quickly.


19. They wanted to           an offer to build the bridge.                   Compare
20. Can anybody   a suggestion? I am completely in the dark.   Compare

								
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