What is TOEFL
The TOEFL test is an internationally accepted
standard of English that measures the academic
English proficiency of a non-native speaker of
The TOEFL test is required by more than 7,000
colleges, universities and licensing agencies in 110
countries throughout the world.
The TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational
Testing Service (ETS) and is administered worldwide.
The test was first administered in 1964 and has since been
taken by more than 23 million students.
The test was originally developed at the Center for
Applied Linguistics led by the linguist, Dr. Charles A.
Purpose of TOEFL
TOEFL measures the ability of non-native speakers of
English to use and understand English as it is spoken,
written and heard in college and university settings.
As opposed to the TOEIC test (TEST OF ENGLISH
FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION) that
measures the use of English in a business context, the
TOEFL test has an academic focus.
Who uses the TOEFL test?
Students who want to study further: For non-native
speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from post-
secondary institutions in English speaking countries
Academic institutions: To determine academic readiness
and make admissions decisions for international applicants
Individuals who are applying for professional licensure or
Many government, licensing and certification agencies, as
well as exchange and scholarship programmes also use
TOEFL scores as a decision-making tool.
Benefits of the TOEFL test
Widely available and easily accessible
Regarded as the international standard and industry
The test is administered under secure conditions and
is highly reliable; hence, scores can be used
confidently to make high-stakes decisions
The TOEFL test has different versions that are used in
different countries. But all versions are equally
valid and reliable and are developed and
administered based on the stringent ETS Standards for
Quality and Fairness.
The TOEFL test is available in two ways:
♦ International Testing Program
TOEFL CBT (computer-based or iBT)
TOEFL P&P (paper based)
♦ Institutional Testing Program
Pre TOEFL (paper based)
TOEFL ITP (paper based)
Paper Based TOEFL
The PBT TOEFL test comprises three sections plus a
30-minute writing test (the Test of Written English):
Listening Comprehension measures the ability to
Structure and Language measures the ability to
recognize language that is appropriate for standard
Reading Comprehension measures the ability to
understand non-technical reading matter in English
Overview of Paper-Based TOEFL
Section TOEFL Time
Listening Comprehension 50 multiple choice 35 minutes
Structure and Written 40 multiple choice 25 Minutes
Reading Comprehension 50 multiple choice 55 Minutes
Test of Written English (TWE) 1 essay question 30 Minutes
Purposes of ITP TOEFL
assigning individuals to English courses at the
appropriate level of difficulty
determining proficiency in English at the beginning
and end of courses of study in English
determining if nonnative speakers of English have a
sufficient command of the language to participate in a
study abroad program
providing students an opportunity to become
acquainted with the multiple-choice test format
completing a graduation requirement
assessing proficiency of faculty and other professional-
Test Section Number of Questions Timing
Reading 3-5 passages, 12-14 60-100 minutes
Listening 4-6 lectures, 6 questions 60-90 minutes
Speaking 6 tasks: 2 independent and 20 minutes
Writing 1 integrated task 20 minutes
1 independent task 30 minutes
The raw score for each section is converted by statistical
means to a number on what is called the TOEFL test scale.
The total paper-based TOEFL test score is reported on a
scale that ranges from 310 to 677.
The total iBT TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that
ranges from 0 - 120.
What constitutes an acceptable TOEFL score depends
entirely on the requirements of each institution.
There is no specific passing or failing score.
The score ranges
The paper based TOEFL score ranges are listed below:
Test Section Score Range
Listening Comprehension 31 - 68
Structure/Written Expression 31 - 68
Reading Comprehension 31 - 67
Total Score 310 - 677
The iBT TOEFL score ranges are listed below:
Test Section Score Range
Listening 0 - 30
Reading 0 - 30
Speaking 0 - 30
Writing 0 - 30
Total Score 0 - 120
Regulations of Ministry of Higher Education and
Scientific Research for TOEFL IPT and Training Courses
- A license from ETS should be obtained to carry out
the TOEFL test
- English centers in Iraqi Universities should provide a
training courses entitled “How to prepare for TOEFL
exam”. to prepare students and scholars for TOEFL
- The training course comprises of ten week intensive
English language lectures (three days per week and
three hours per day).
- The cost of the course is ID 275,000
Ministry of Higher Education
and Scientific Research Scores
Subject MSc or Diploma PhD
English Language 500 520
Medical Group 430 480
Engineering Group 410 450
Pure Sciences Group 390 430
Agriculture and Vetrinary 390 430
Management and legal 370 410
Humanities Sciences Group 350 390
TOEFL Preparation Programme
We offer in English Learning Unit (ELU) a 90 –hour
programme which focus on the development of test-
taking skills and strategies through:
Reading and Vocabulary practice.
Other English Courses
We also offer at our ELU other English courses depending
on English Proficiency Levels:
- Advanced: Able to clearly communicate any idea in
English. Able to understand conversations and lectures
with minimal difficulty for university-level study on
completion of advance level.
- Intermediate: Able to understand most questions and
statements at normal speaking speed. Able to sustain a
conversation with a native speaker about topics familiar to
- Elementary: Able to understand and respond to simple
questions and directions from a native speaker. Able to
participate in brief conversations on everyday topics.
ETS (Educational Testing Service)
A nonprofit ETS, founded in 1947, develops,
administers and scores more than 50 million tests
annually — including:
the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests,
the GRE® General and Subject Tests
and The Praxis Series™ assessments —
in more than 180 countries, and at over 9,000 locations
What is the GRE?
The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) consists of two
- the General Test and
- the Subject Test in psychology.
- The General Test is composed of three parts--verbal,
quantitative, and analytical writing. The verbal and the
quantitative tests each yield a separate score between 200-800.
- Scores on the analytical writing test are reported in ½-point
increments along a scale of 0 to 6.
- The Subject Test, required by only some programs, measures
knowledge of psychological concepts that are essential to
graduate study; it also yields a score of from 200-800.
- It is essential that you do well--at least 550 on each test.
Additional ETS services
Educational Testing Service offers:
and other solutions
for school districts, institutions, businesses and
government agencies throughout the world.
TOEFL® — Test of English as a Foreign Language™
The TOEFL test measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English
to communicate in English in the college or university classroom. Test
scores are used in the admissions process at more than 7,000 academic
institutions throughout the world.
TOEFL® ITP — Institutional Testing Program
The TOEFL ITP measures English-language proficiency at the
intermediate-to-advanced levels and is used for academic placement,
progress evaluation, exit testing and other situations that do not
require a secured testing environment.
GRE® — Graduate Record Examinations®
The GRE tests measure skills that assist graduate schools, business
schools and departments with admissions activities, guidance and
placement, program evaluation and selection of fellowship recipients.