TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

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					TOEFL



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                  What is TOEFL

 The TOEFL test is an internationally accepted
  standard of English that measures the academic
  English proficiency of a non-native speaker of
  English.
 The TOEFL test is required by more than 7,000
  colleges, universities and licensing agencies in 110
  countries throughout the world.



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                     TOFEL Origin
 The TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational
  Testing Service (ETS) and is administered worldwide.
 The test was first administered in 1964 and has since been
  taken by more than 23 million students.
 The test was originally developed at the Center for
  Applied Linguistics led by the linguist, Dr. Charles A.
  Ferguson.




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                Purpose of TOEFL

 TOEFL measures the ability of non-native speakers of
  English to use and understand English as it is spoken,
  written and heard in college and university settings.
 As opposed to the TOEIC test (TEST OF ENGLISH
  FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION) that
  measures the use of English in a business context, the
  TOEFL test has an academic focus.



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           Who uses the TOEFL test?

 Students who want to study further: For non-native
  speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from post-
  secondary institutions in English speaking countries
 Academic institutions: To determine academic readiness
  and make admissions decisions for international applicants
 Individuals who are applying for professional licensure or
  certification
 Many government, licensing and certification agencies, as
  well as exchange and scholarship programmes also use
  TOEFL scores as a decision-making tool.

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          Benefits of the TOEFL test
 Widely available and easily accessible
 Regarded as the international standard and industry
  leader
 The test is administered under secure conditions and
  is highly reliable; hence, scores can be used
  confidently to make high-stakes decisions
 The TOEFL test has different versions that are used in
  different countries. But all versions are equally
  valid and reliable and are developed and
  administered based on the stringent ETS Standards for
  Quality and Fairness.
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                 TOEFL Format

The TOEFL test is available in two ways:

♦ International Testing Program
TOEFL CBT (computer-based or iBT)
TOEFL P&P (paper based)
♦ Institutional Testing Program
Pre TOEFL (paper based)
TOEFL ITP (paper based)


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               Paper Based TOEFL
 The PBT TOEFL test comprises three sections plus a
 30-minute writing test (the Test of Written English):

 Listening Comprehension measures the ability to
  understand English
 Structure and Language measures the ability to
  recognize language that is appropriate for standard
  written English
 Reading Comprehension measures the ability to
  understand non-technical reading matter in English

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      Overview of Paper-Based TOEFL
           Section                   TOEFL             Time

Listening Comprehension         50 multiple choice 35 minutes
                                questions

Structure and Written           40 multiple choice 25 Minutes
Expression                      questions

Reading Comprehension           50 multiple choice 55 Minutes
                                questions

Test of Written English (TWE)   1 essay question   30 Minutes




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             Purposes of ITP TOEFL
 assigning individuals to English courses at the
    appropriate level of difficulty
   determining proficiency in English at the beginning
    and end of courses of study in English
   determining if nonnative speakers of English have a
    sufficient command of the language to participate in a
    study abroad program
   providing students an opportunity to become
    acquainted with the multiple-choice test format
   completing a graduation requirement
   assessing proficiency of faculty and other professional-
    level staff
                                                           10
                   iBT TOEFL
Test Section     Number of Questions           Timing
  Reading      3-5 passages, 12-14          60-100 minutes
               questions each
 Listening     4-6 lectures, 6 questions    60-90 minutes
               each
 Speaking      6 tasks: 2 independent and    20 minutes
               4 integrated
  Writing      1 integrated task             20 minutes
               1 independent task            30 minutes




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                       TOEFL Score

 The raw score for each section is converted by statistical
    means to a number on what is called the TOEFL test scale.
   The total paper-based TOEFL test score is reported on a
    scale that ranges from 310 to 677.
   The total iBT TOEFL test score is reported on a scale that
    ranges from 0 - 120.
   What constitutes an acceptable TOEFL score depends
    entirely on the requirements of each institution.
   There is no specific passing or failing score.




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               The score ranges
The paper based TOEFL score ranges are listed below:
          Test Section             Score Range
    Listening Comprehension          31 - 68
   Structure/Written Expression      31 - 68
     Reading Comprehension           31 - 67
           Total Score              310 - 677

The iBT TOEFL score ranges are listed below:
          Test Section             Score Range
            Listening                 0 - 30
             Reading                  0 - 30
            Speaking                  0 - 30
             Writing                  0 - 30
           Total Score               0 - 120
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   Regulations of Ministry of Higher Education and
Scientific Research for TOEFL IPT and Training Courses
  - A license from ETS should be obtained to carry out
  the TOEFL test
  - English centers in Iraqi Universities should provide a
  training courses entitled “How to prepare for TOEFL
  exam”. to prepare students and scholars for TOEFL
  exam.
  - The training course comprises of ten week intensive
  English language lectures (three days per week and
  three hours per day).
  - The cost of the course is ID 275,000

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          Ministry of Higher Education
          and Scientific Research Scores
         Subject             MSc or Diploma   PhD
    English Language              500         520
   Departments Group
      Medical Group               430         480
    Engineering Group             410         450
   Pure Sciences Group            390         430
 Agriculture and Vetrinary        390         430
      Sciences Group
  Management and legal            370         410
    Sciences Group
Humanities Sciences Group         350         390


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         TOEFL Preparation Programme

    We offer in English Learning Unit (ELU) a 90 –hour
    programme which focus on the development of test-
    taking skills and strategies through:
   Listening practice.
   Reading and Vocabulary practice.
   Speaking practice
   Structure practice
   Writing practice


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             Other English Courses
We also offer at our ELU other English courses depending
on English Proficiency Levels:
- Advanced: Able to clearly communicate any idea in
English. Able to understand conversations and lectures
with minimal difficulty for university-level study on
completion of advance level.
- Intermediate: Able to understand most questions and
statements at normal speaking speed. Able to sustain a
conversation with a native speaker about topics familiar to
the student.
- Elementary: Able to understand and respond to simple
questions and directions from a native speaker. Able to
participate in brief conversations on everyday topics.

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      ETS (Educational Testing Service)

  A nonprofit ETS, founded in 1947, develops,
  administers and scores more than 50 million tests
  annually — including:
 the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests,
 the GRE® General and Subject Tests
 and The Praxis Series™ assessments —
  in more than 180 countries, and at over 9,000 locations
  worldwide.


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                 What is the GRE?
The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) consists of two
separate tests:
- the General Test and
- the Subject Test in psychology.
- The General Test is composed of three parts--verbal,
quantitative, and analytical writing. The verbal and the
quantitative tests each yield a separate score between 200-800.
- Scores on the analytical writing test are reported in ½-point
increments along a scale of 0 to 6.
- The Subject Test, required by only some programs, measures
knowledge of psychological concepts that are essential to
graduate study; it also yields a score of from 200-800.
- It is essential that you do well--at least 550 on each test.


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             Additional ETS services

    Educational Testing Service offers:
    consulting services,
   technical assistance,
   custom assessments,
   in-depth research,
   and other solutions
    for school districts, institutions, businesses and
    government agencies throughout the world.


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                         ETS License
 TOEFL® — Test of English as a Foreign Language™
  The TOEFL test measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English
  to communicate in English in the college or university classroom. Test
  scores are used in the admissions process at more than 7,000 academic
  institutions throughout the world.
 TOEFL® ITP — Institutional Testing Program
  The TOEFL ITP measures English-language proficiency at the
  intermediate-to-advanced levels and is used for academic placement,
  progress evaluation, exit testing and other situations that do not
  require a secured testing environment.
 GRE® — Graduate Record Examinations®
  The GRE tests measure skills that assist graduate schools, business
  schools and departments with admissions activities, guidance and
  placement, program evaluation and selection of fellowship recipients.



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